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February 24, 1967 - Image 4

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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1967-02-24

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-1

Seventy-Sixth Year
EDITED AND MANAGED BY STUDENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF MICIGAN
UNDER AUTHORITY OF-BOARD IN CONTROL OF STUDENT PUBLICATIONS

.............. ". .......~....nh..~..... . .... .. . ..,. ..ttv',r:;. .. .... ........ .. .. . . . . . . . . .
POWHER
POETR Te Courage To Serve'
POETRYby MARK R. KILLINGSWORTH
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I

Wbere Opinions Are Free, 420 MAYNARD ST., ANN ARBOR, MICIi.
Truth Will Prevail

NEws PHONE: 764-0552

Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.

FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 24, 1967

NIGHT EDITOR: DAVID KNOKEI

Chicago Ranking.Revision:
Who's Kidding Whom?

UNIVERSITY administrators around the
countrr should take a lesson from
those running the University of Chicago.
For it seems that a group of admini-
trators has finally found a means of cir-
cumventing student demands which
threaten to upset traditional lines of uni-
versity authority.
The idea, of course, is to make students
think they're getting something they want
while in truth they're not receiving any-
thing at all.
Chicago students had been agitating
for months for abolition of class rank
there. Last May, they tied up the admin-
istration building for several days to pro-
test the school's cooperation with the Se-
lective Service System. The sit-in un-
doubtedly caused a great deal of embar-
rassment for university officials, and
something had to be done.
THEREFORE, on Tuesday, Chicago Pres-
ident George W. Beadle announced

that the university would no longer sup-
ply local boards with class-rank lists of
male students. Ostensibly, this signaled
the end of Chicago's present policy on
the draft.
But a closer study of the situation re-
veals that very little was, in fact, altered.
Class ranking was not abolished-the spe-
cial ranking of males alone was ended.
A composite class rank of both male and
female Chicago students will be compiled,
and this rank will still be available to
draft boards. The Selective Service will be
satisfied, and hopefully-for the admin-
istration-students will be too.
IT SEEMS STRANGE that other univer-
sity administrators beset 'by anti-rank
sentiment have not thought of this rath-
er simple, clever solution to the problem.
Just think of the hassle that might have
been prevented here last semester.
-SUE REDFERN

H AD I BEEN told on Feb. 11,
1961, what I would witness in
the coming year I not only would
not have believed it but also would
not have undertstood it.
If the 1965-1966 school year was
strange, the 1966-1967 year nearly
defies comprehension.
WE ARE ALL TOO raw emo-
tionally, too involved, too sensi-
tive to what has gone on to hope
to understand the year objective-
ly. It is thus dangerous to try now
to draw a moral from the tangled,
chaotic web of the year's events.
But it is important to try, for
perhaps some conclusions about
the past will offer some guidance
for the future.
Perhaps the central unifying
factor in the year's miseries and
mistakes-the element which un-
derlies all the others-is a fear of
freedom, a fear of what freedom
is and what it means to our lives.
The Daily is an example.
THE DAILY has freedom: its
staff has the editorial freedom to
print "all the news that's fit to
print, regardless of class, favor,
sect or interest;" the freedom to
print any editorial it feels is based
on fact and rational expression:
the freedomto make decisions and
accept or ignore advice on their
own terms.

That freedom has never been
pleasing to many outside the Stu-
dent Publications Building. Edi-
torial freedom means the freedom
to condemn the University's com-
pliance with HUAC; to urge a
greater student voice in Univer-
sity decisions; to print the text
of a secret Defense Department
document saying the University is
"known as one basically for rich
white students;" to print that
Roger Heyns is "seriously inter-
ested" in the University presi-
dency; to print the secret financ-
ing plans for the residential col-
lege and the theatre.
BUT POSSESSING that free-
dom has not always been pleasing
to Daily staffers .themselves-for
the exercise of that freedom al-
most always brings criticism and
antagonism.
A case in point is The Daily's
report yesterday that President
Hatcher tried-unsuccessfully-to
pressure Board Chairman Luke
Cooperrider into torpedoing the
appointment of Roger Rapoport
as The Daily's next editor.
The opposition to Rapoport re-
flects antagonism towards his
hard-hitting,accurate brand of
journalism. And it also reflects
antagonism towards The Daily it-
self, for Rapoport exemplifies at
its best the fearless, responsible

exercise of editorial freedom which
makes The Daily great.
HATUIILR EXPRESSES those
antagonioms, and so do Vice Pres-
idents Cutler and Radock, who
have done their best to defe4t
both Raoport and The Daily.
They neatly succeeded on Mon-
day, when the Board vc.; a 7-4
against accepting Rapoport as
next year's editor.
The Daily senior editors have
been well aware of that kind of
antagonism. They were well aware
that their appointments recom-
mendations would engender con-
flict, conflict which might be de-
leterious or even fatal to The
Daily.
But we were, and are, also aware
that the slate we offered to the
Board is by far the best, and that
Rapoport is clearly the first and
only choice for editor.
IN A SENSE The Daily was
faced with the question which the
rest of the community faces on
similar issues: Should the freedom
(not license) to which one is un-
deniably justified be curtailed in
an attempt to protect that free-
dom~? hould we "save"the paper
from conflict by not recommend-
ing Rapoport?
The Daily answered those ques-

Lions in the negative. When editors
-or human beings-do not exer-
cise treedoni for fear of losing it,
they do not thereby protect tY at
freedom. They have already lost it.
To suppose that The Daily-or
tho Univers;ty community :n gen-
eral, or any element in it from
Cinema Guild to the Regents-
should protect its freedom from
others by stifling that freedom
on its own is an illusion.
THE EXERCISE of freedom is
not merely a right; it is a moral
necessity as well. For if a man has
abandoned his freedom to make
peace with the world, he has lost
his own soul.
That is the heart of the Uni-
versity's own crisis: not a lack of
knowledge, not a lack of wisdom,
but a lack of "the courage to
serve" - to serve one's self and
one's fellows by the exercise of
freedom, which requires great
courage.
The University's greatness de-
rives in large part because men
have had this freedom: the free-
dom to think, to dare and to do.
The University is now in crisis
because. that treedom is under
question-not simply from with-
out, but also from within.
THUS, PRESIDENT ; Hatcher

worked courageously to persuade
legislators from "investigating"
the University and its freedom. He
has fought consistently (though at
times mistakenly) on issues, he
feels imperil our autonomy. In
short, he and others have tried to
protect the University's freedom.
But he and others have also
denied and sacrificed and failed
to fulfill that freedom - in the
University's administration's de-
plorable compliance with HUAC
(a decision in which Hatcher
avoided even participation); its
resistance to consulting seriously
with students and faculty; its at-
tempt to control The Daily; its
crackdown in C i n e m a Guild
(which is said to include its pos-
sible abolishment).
THOSE OF US who work on
The Daily believe in our freedom,
and we believe the University, too,
should fight for its freedom-not
just when it is popular, but when
it is unpopular as well. And ulti-
mately we would rather sacrifice
our existence than purchase it at
the price of our freedom.
That is why The Daily senior
editors recommended Rapnport
despite the consequences. Because,
as the old saying goes, it is better
to die on your feet than to live
on your knees.

4

Letters: Reasons Behind Board's Action Unclear

Indonesia Needs Rebuilding

IN A MOVE long overdue, Indonesian
President Sukarno has finally turned
over the rest of his administrative power
to General Suharto.
Sukarno, who has led the island nation
since 1945, has failed miserably in pro-
moting the interests of the people. He
avoided developing the country's vast
economic potential-untapped resources
of minerals and petroleum are located
on all the islands, but their exploitation
has been stifled. In the meantime, most
of the country's 100 million inhabitants
remain illiterate subsistence level farm-
ers.
Sukarno easily captured the passions
of the populace 20 years ago with his
charismatic leadership and has dominat-
ed ever since. The nation was willing to
follow him blindly in his aspirations.
But while he could have easily initiated
economic reforms in the 1950's, his pro-
pensity for self-glorification led him to
concentrate on building up a powerful
army at the expense of needed internal
improvements at the village level.
HCE SOUGHT and received military aid
from both sides of the ideological
fence, accumulating big debts from China,
Russia and the United States.
Unfortunately, in mobilizing, he contin-
ued to ignore the economy which sank
into hopeless insolvency. He formed no
economic-aid alliances and the people's
plight deteriorated, while his series of
frantic nationalistic moves against Ma-

laysia, the United States and "colonial-
ists," further drained the initiative of
the people.
IN SHORT, what Indonesia needs now is
full-scale economic assistance and
Suharto seems ready to take this major
task upon himself. He has made the first
move by developing a neutralist stance
for the country. With Indonesia back on
friendly terms with the United States, he
also appears willing to attempt the de-
velopment of new trade links with several
European countries.
For the future, it is the job of the Su-
harto government to initiate a radical
shift of, both the policies and the views
of the people of Indonesia. Without such
action, the incessant economic decline,
already described as "hopeless," will con-
tinue and starvations will increase. Su-
harto will probably take up the task of
reform and coordination as his first or-
der of business.
BUT SUKARNO, who retains his title as
a figurehead president, is an impor-
tant factor as well. He may well have had
a change of heart, declaring he wants
to fight "for the sake of the people and
country." With his popularity among the
masses, Sukarno must see his responsibil-
ity as an effective agent to persuade the
country's conservative masses to accept
necessary reforms.
-WALLACE IMMEN

To the Editor:
WE BELIEVE the public-and
certainly the student body pub-
lic-has a right to be informed
why the unanimous selection of
the senior editors of The Michigan
Daily has been refused by the
Board in Control without a single
hint of reason given. Is there not
a public to be served? Adamant
administrative decision against
student opinion has perplexed this
campus at rhythmic intervals for
the past few months and this lat-
est incident almost suggests a kind
of conspiratorial zeroing-in to
thwart the university student com-
munity. We are frankly amazed,
especially in light of what ap-
pears to be an earnest searching
on the part of student leadership
for reasonable, constructive rela-
tionships in the area of Univer-
sity decision-making. We believe
that the administration has been
mainly responsible for stirring the
brew, first the SGC, then partially
with the Cinema Guild and now
with The Daily. Are the powers
now going to search for the witch-
es?
The Daily has long held nation-
al acclaim as an outstanding stu-
dent newspaper. In our opinion
Roger Rapoport has made signifi-
cant contributions through that
paper beginning even from his
freshman year. We have noticed
that repeatedly Rapoport has di-
rected us to a genuine soul-search-
ing. His perception and analysis
have been relevant and timely.
WE BELIEVE that student or-
ganizations such as The Daily
and Cinema Guild deserve autono-
my; the excellent record of both
organizations has fully earned it.
The Board in Control has already
done significant and irreversible
damage by its recent actions. The
inevitable side effects are going to
be a sort of pervasive pre-censor-
ship is this what they want in
the Sesquicentennial year? We
suggestthat the faculty commit-
tee, instead of disengaging them-
selves from the issue, should in-
vestigate the board and the moti-
vating forces behind this irra-
tional and absurd move. We also
urge the students to play it cool.
If The Daily staff decides to strike
and if the administration insists
upon a showdown, we will mobilize
... in March, April, May ... till
Hell freezes over, till two demands
are met: (a) The combeback of a
new and powerful Daily, and (b)
the submission of the Board in

Control to the wishes of the edi-
tors.
-Marjorie Eichmann
-Louise Hartung
-Ben Hoffman
-James Jones
-Robert Olson
-Henry Wallace
Members, Guild House
Guild Council,
The Soul of Wit
To the Editor:
THE FRONT PAGE story in
Tuesday's Daily on the meeting
of the Senate Assembly is mislead-
ing. It refers to a "debate" on the
question of an investigation of
The Daily and, near the end, to
"remarks" by Mr. Killingsworth.
As one who was present I can
testify that Messrs. Killingsworth
and Wasserstein were courteously
invited to speak at the meeting.
Both produced prepared manu-
scripts and proceeded to speak
for a total of about one hour. This
action effectively ruined a mean-
ingful debate. Since their "re-
marks" were all about editorial
freedom and freedom of speech,. I
find it noteworthy that they were
presented at such length as to
deny that freedom to others.
A "highly placed" member of the
University has told me that the
Daily reporter who prepared the
story was informed of the length
of the speeches of the two Daily
editors and that she then com-
mented, "But of course they would
never let me print that."
THE "NEW YORK TIMES of
college newspapers?"
-Wilfred Kaplan
Professor of Mathematics
(Our reporter informs me
that the remark was made in
jest. Prof. Kaplan apparently
believes it was made in serious-
ness. In either circumstance I
apologize for our verbosity and
trust any inaccuracies have been
corrected.-M.R.K.)
'Irresponsible'
To the Editor:
AS CHAIRMAN of an ad hoc
board to regulate the policies
of the Regents and administration,
I find that they are unacceptable
and must be replaced. But unlike
other boards on campus, I am
willing to give my reasons. First,
one of the Regents can't seem to
read, even ads in large print, and

I think functional illiteracy should
disqualify one from managing a
university. Second, the whole group
seems to suffer from precarious
hearing and poor memory-almost
total lack of recall in fact, which
borders on the phenomenal. Third,
they have to spend so much time
running "in and out" to the tele-
phone that I'm sure they can't be
bothered with University affairs.
Whether or not these people are
as dumb and fidgety as they seem,
they still create a bad image for
the University which I have to
spend all my time explaining to
outraged alumnae.
MR. HATCHER is an examnple.
I find him "irresponsible" and an
"unacceptable candidate" for pres-
ident, and certainly not very sweet
or lovable. My committee suggests
that we replace the Regents,
which have made us an academic

laughing stock, with a group which
has brought us some measure of
renown, one which is able to read
and remember overnight what it
heard at meetings, one which has
some respect for truth and open
discussion. In short, my committee
recommends Roger Rapoport and
The Daily staff to run the Uni-
versity..
--Gorman Beauchamp, Grad
Independence
To the Editor:
THE ACTION of the Board in
Control of Student Publica-
tions in not accepting the pro-,
posed slate of Daily -editors has
resulted in the present crisis. To
my mind, however, it also points
up a related issue-the desirabil-
ity of having a truly independent
student newspaper at the Univer-
sity.

) _I- .

7
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At Cornell and Harvard, for ex-
ample, the student papers are au-
tonomous corporations operating
without university control or re-
view (or subsidy), responsible for
their actions in the same way as
is any newspaper. There is no
reason that The Michigan Daily
could not operate as an independ-
ent entity, and there are many
reasons why they should; however,
there are some aspects of its
present status which could im-
pede its attaining this goal.
AMONG the various paths to
independence are capitalizing and
starting a new paper, or having
the present Daily break away from
the University. This second alter-
native raises the question of ex-
actly how, and by whom, The
Daily is owned. The masthead lists
the Board in Control of Student
Publications as owners; what then
is the board's exact connection
with the University, and/or the
Regents?
One may ask as well whether
full time employes (such as lino-
type operators and pressmen) work
for TheDaily, the board, or the
University, and what arrangements
are made by The Daily for its
space in the Student Publications
Building. Finally, to what, extent
has the Daily been self-support-
ing, captitalizing and financing its
own operations, and to what ex-
tent has the University provided
support?
THE ANSWERS to such ques-
tions as these will help determine
just how (or if) The Daily could
equitably break its ties with the
University. If the facts indicate
that The Daily has been self-sup-
porting, and that its growth has
been financed by its own profits,
then a simple secession may be all
that is necessary. If, on the other
hand, the University's subsidy has
been significant, then some form
of payment may well be in order.
-Mark Kritz, Grad
LETTERS
All letters must be typed,
double-spaced and should be no
longer than 300 words. All let-
ters are subject to editing;
those over 300 words will gen-
erally be shortened.

A

I

Greek Theatre Lacks Funds

A

"WE MUST PATRONIZE the arts."
So says one of the characters in "The
Birds," a satirical comedy written by Aris-
tophanes for the play festivals of ancient
Greece. Last summer, this work, plus
the tragedy "Oresteia" by Aeschylus, was
performed at the Ypsilanti Greek Theatre,
and received tremendous critical acclaim.
Unfortunately this artistic success has
been clouded by a $450,000 debt incurred
during the theatre's opening season. Even
widespread support by local residents has
not proved enough to insure the survival
of the project--the world's first major
professional group regularly producing
Greek drama in English.

People connected with the theatre have
not given up, and are considering sev-
eral plans for raising funds before March
1. Luckily the federal government is al-
lowing the group to make delinquent pay-
ments on employe withholding taxes.
Any contributions from the public at
this time would alleviate some of the
financial strain, and would help guaran-
tee the appearance of the programs in
1967. Checks should be addressed to: Ypsi-
lanti Greek Theatre, 130 Huron Street,
Ypsilanti, Mich.
--AVIVA KEMPNER

-

'1 TINt'. MAYS- , WHJEP, &C-1 QL

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CIA Disclosures Bring Public Outcry

.4

Theology and The Senator

SENATOR EVERETT McKinley Dirksen
(R-Ill), has got this thing about mari-
golds and public prayer. He has vowed to
make that glorious plant the national
flower. And last week he again proposed
that Congress initiate an amendment to
the Constitution that would legalize pray-
er in the public schools.
He is seeking to negate the 1964 Su-
preme Court decision which banned pray-
er in public schools. Dirksen has tried
and failed every year since the decision
was made. Speculation is that he will fail
again this year. In fact, national press

reports paint Dirksen as not serious about
pressing for' congressional acceptance this
time.
THE SENATOR will be getting support
from absolutely nowhere. Sentiment is
against the senator's proposal. Along with
the normal flood of anti-prayer letters,
Dirksen will be receiving pressure from
the National Council of Churches to dis-
card the amendment.
The general board of the NCC has tak-
en an overwhelming stand against the
senator. Churchmen now feel that the
country's political framework allows max-

(c), 1967, The Washington Post Co.
THE NOISES you hear around
the CIA announce the Big
Thaw which has been under way
in Europe for several years and
has now reachedAmerica. Thedice
of the cold war is breaking up,
and, as the climate is changing,
the landscape is changing, too.
The older and more permanent
features of the American scene
are reappearing.
Thus, only a year ago in April,
1966, the New York Times publish-
ed a series of articles on the CIA.
They exposed more systematically
than Ramparts Magazine has to-
day the elaborate infiltration of
American institutions by the CIA.
Yet there was no general outcry.
Now there is a tremendous out-
cry, and the CIA operation has

Sixties is now taking place here.
The gap which has existed for
some years between European and
American thinking, the gap which
has caused so much misunder-
standing and dislike, is closing. In
Europe this phenomenon has man-
ifested itself in an almost total loss
of interest in NATO and the other
institutions of the cold war. Here
the change first manifested itself
in our acceptance of the changes
in Europe. It manifests itself today
in a revulsion against the enorm-
ity of the corruption which has
resulted from the cold war.
THE ENORMITY OF the cor-
ruption stems from the secret use
of government funds to deceive
the world-to deceive the Com-
munists, to deceive our friends and
allies and to deceive ourselves.

Today
an (
Tomorrow
By WALTER LIPPMANN

event shows that, while a free
country like the United States can,
if it is sufficiently frightened,
imitate the methods of a totalita-
rian state, once the fear is relaxed,
the more enduring tradition and
spirit cannot be kept down.
In the last analysis a free sys-
tem like ours can be manipulated;
only if there is enough panic and
fear. The old and real character'
of the people will not stay sup-

rets of rival powers, with calcula-
ting their capabilities and esti-
mating their intentions.
For the present outcry is due
to the fact that the U.S. govern-
ment has compromised professions
and institutions on whose purity
the hopes of American freedom
depends.
Why did the CIA, with the full
responsibility of the Presidents
above it, do this? Why did the
government not subsidize openly
the students and professors who
were to go abroad to argue the
American case against the Com-
munists?
They did not do it because they
believed that deception was a
practical necessity. If the students
and professors went only on gov-
ernment expense accounts neutral
o~nin~ion abroad would nlner

munist right, the McCarthys,
Mundts and the like, to appropri-
ate public money for American
leftists. Therefore, everybody had
to be deceived.
AS WE ARE recovering our
senses. no longer entirely blinded
by our fears, we need to examine
our consciences and search our
souls. We have seen the enormous
deception crumble, and the true
lesson is the sovereign rule of a
people: to yourselves be true. It
is not easy to do this when fear
and panic are in the air. Men are
irrational and beside themselves
when they are part of a frightened
herd.
As we are ourselves again it be-
comes self-evident that we cannot
play international games as if we
were a totalitarian society. For the
men who carried out the operation

24

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