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February 01, 1967 - Image 3

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1967-02-01

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Hanoi Hints
At Possible
Policy Shifts
State Dept. Shows
Interest in Several
Weekend Utterances
government showed interest pub-
licly yesterday in a couple of
weekend utterances by North Viet-
nam about getting into peace talks.
State Department press officer
Robert J. McCloskey said "careful
study' is being devoted to any
Hanoi statements-and he speci-
fically noted an interview with
North Vietnam's foreign minister
and a Hanoi policy editorial.
"I don't want to take this as
far as saying there is any change
of position" by North Vietnam, the
spokesman added. "We are cer-
tainly short of that at this point."
U.S. analysis have been cautious
about reading too much into
changes in Hanoi propaganda
wording. On some past occasions
North Vietnam's output has seem-
ed to hint a possible change, only
to revert subsequently to a tough
stand against U.S. pro'posals for
unconditional talks to end the war.
However, McCloskey, in replying
to newsmen's questions Tuesday,
declined to say flatly as he has
before that there is no evidence
of Hanoi interest in peace discus-
And Gen. Maxwell D. Taylor,
former ambassador to South Viet-
nam and former chairman of the
Joint Chiefs of Staff, said at the
White House in reporting Monday
on his Southeast Asian trip that
"something is starting to move."
McCloskey referred to an inter-
view by Australian journalist
Wilfed Burchett with North Viet-
namese Foreign Minister Nguyen
Duy Trinh and to a commentary
front-paged in the Hanoi party
newspaper Nhan Dan. Both items
were broadcost by Hanoi Radio
in English.
Amid long denunications of U.S.
Vietnam policy, the two articles
included the following statement
by the foreign minister which was
underlined in the Nhan Dan policy
"If the United States really
wants talks, it must first halt un-
conditionally the bombing raids
and all other acts of war against
the Democratic Republic of Viet-
nam North Vietnam.
Bombing Cessation
"It is only after the uncondi-
tional cessation of U.S. bombing
and all other acts of war against
the DRV that there could be talks
betweerg the DRV and the United
Some specialists here thought
this might indicate an easing of
Hanoi's previous hard rebuff of
peace talks, but they said more
would have to be learned about
North Vietnam's position before
this could be confirmed.
Others saw the statement as
part of Hanoi's diplomatic-prop-
aganda campaign to end U.S. air
attacks on the north.
Whether a promise by North
Vietnam to come to the conference
table would in itself cause Presi-
dent Johnson to call off the bomb-
ing is another question.

Flames Kill
Two Airmen

Communist Document Reveals

In Simulation Staggering Viet Cong Losses

-Associated Press
Burial services are conducted at Arlington National Cemetery for Astronaut Virgil I. Grissom. Gris-
som and Lt. Cmdr. Roger B. Chaffee were buried side-by-side across the Potomac from the capital.
Col. Edward H. White, H, was laid to rest at the U.S. Military Academy. All three received full honors
from their country, with President Johnson attending the Arlington ceremonies, and Vice President
Humphrey appearing at West Point.


Johnson Proposes Increased
Benefits for Vietnam Veterans

Training School Fire
Called Very Similar '
To Apollo Blaze;
Flames fed on pure oxygen swept1
through a space cabin simulator
at the School of Aero-space Med-
icine Tuesday, killing two airmen
in an accident similar to the one
which killed three Apollo astro-
nauts only four days ago.
Like the Apollo I capsule at
Cape Kennedy, Fla., the inside of!
the simulator was engulfed by the
fierce flames.'
"Everything inside was burned,"
said Lt. Col. T. A. Glascow, public
information officer for the school
at Brooks Air Force Base. "It was
Reignited Flames
Flames reignited in the simu-
lator four hours after the accident
but were quickly extinguished. It
contined to smoulder.
The names of the two airmen
were not at first disclosed. 1
The Air Force set off an in-
vestigative board to determine the
A spokesman said the airmen
were inside the space cabin simu-
lator to monitor the activities of
16 rabbits, which were the subject
of an experiment to study the ef-
fects of pure oxygen on the ani-
mal's blood.'
The sealed cabin, which bears
no resemblance to the size or
shape of an actual spacecraft,
was under a pure oxygen environ-
ment and had a simulated pres-
sure of 18,000 feet altitude. That
would make the inside pressure
about seven pounds- per square
Removed Quickly
Glascow said the airmen were
taken from the cabin within five
minutes of the blaze, and that
doctors worked over one almost an
hour before he died. The other was
taken to nearby Brooke Army
Medical Center with burns over
95 per cent of his body.
Although not connected with the
National Aeronautics and Space
Administration, as the Apollo pro-
ject is, the School of Aerospace
Medicine has been called the hub
of the Air Force's research into
the medical side of space flights. '
Research here is done primarily'
in connection with the Air Force
military space program, spec tally
the proposed Manned Orbiting
There are several altitude cham-
bers at the school and they have,
varied capabilities depending on
the nature of the experiment.
Some studies are carried out by,
using volunteer airmen selected
from among basic training at
nearby Lackland Air Force Base.-

SAIGON (P)-A captured Com-
munist document made public here
yesterday reports American opera-
tions have cost the Viet Cong con-
trol of a million rural South Viet-
namese since 1965 and recruiting
to fill guerrilla vacancies "presents
a serious problem."
The Communist document ac-
knowledging setbacks was one of
many seized in the recently con-
cluded Operation Cedar Falls, a
scorched earth sweep across the
Iron Triangle north of Saigon.
Intelligence agents are still stu-
dying others for futher informa-
tion on the views and aims of
the enemy driven from that old
stamping ground, headquarters of
the Viet Cong's 4th Military Re-
The tone of the document was
glum, but it wound up with the
assertion that, "Generally speak-
ing, we are riding the high tide
while the enemy is going down
hill." U.S sources said they be-
lieved it was part of a report to
the Viet Cong's political agency,
the National Liberation Front
In the field. U.S. Marines re-
ported two engagements in north-
ern sector. Spokesmen said they
killed 49.
A company of the 26th Marine
Regiment wiped out a guerrilla
squad by killing 14 and capturing
one as the squad tried to flee by
raft across a river from the ham-
let of Duc Ky, 11 milessouthwest
of Da Nang. None of the.Leather-
necks was hit.
Enemy Bunkers
Marines of the 7th Reev'"nt,
backed by naval guns. field artil-
lery and air strikes, overran a col-
lectidn of enemy bunkers and en-
trenchments on the coast 25 miles

south of Quang Ngai. They said before they reach Communist
they killed 35 of the enemy. Their forces in South Vietnam.
own losses were described as mod-: -While d o z e n s of fighter-
erate. bombers struck at Communist
Briefing officers told of other targets elsewhere in South Viet-
developments afield: nam, U.S. B52 Stratofortresses
-Two regiments of South Ko- staged two raids in the central
rea's White Horse Infantry Divi- highlands. One wave blasted at

A nti-Mao Uprisings
Disturb China Cities

sion have killed 71 Viet Cong and
daptured 129 weapons in a new
operation, called White Horse 1.
launched Sunday on the central
coast 15 miles northwest of Nha:
Trang. A spokesman said that, at:
the time of this accounting, the
Koreans had suffered no casual-
Cargo Barges
-Five-inch shells from guns of
the U.S. destroyer Keppler sank
five Communist cargo barges and
damaged 10 from a fleet of 20
sighted off Dong Hot, 40 miles
north of the border. The shelling
was part of a continuing effort by
7th Fleet warslips to intercept
North Vietnamese supply vessels

suspected North Vietnamese base
camp near the Cambodian frontier
17 miles west of the U.S. Army
Special Forces camp at Plei Djer-
eng. The second struck at a troop
concentration in the area of Do
Xa, 56 miles north of Kontum.
Grenade Attack
-Viet Cong staged a rifle gre-
nade attack on a Vietnamese civil-
ian boat 24 miles southeast of
Saigon and forced down a U.S.
Navy armed helicopter, one of a
fleet of aircraft that sped to the
boat's defense. U.S. headquarters
said the helicopter crew escaped
injury, but the enemy grenades
killed four Vietnamese civilians
and wounded two.

WASHINGTON (P) - President
Johnson laid before Congress yes-
terday a package of money-boost-
ing proposals for veterans of the
Vietnam era, including higher
payments for education and pen-
For those entering service since
Aug. 5, 1964, benefits would be
brought up to a basis equal with
those received by veterans of
World Wars I and II and Korea.
Administration officials esti-
mated that the cost of the package
would be about $260 million for
the first year with the price tag
going up each year thereafter as
the number of veterans on the

rolls increased about 500,000 an-
Even as Johnson's request went
to Congress, the Senate Finance
Committee beat him to the punch
by approving unanimously a bill
containing many of the things he
asked. The measure is identical to
one passed unanimously by the
Senate last Oct. 16 only to die in
the House when Congress ad-
Chairman Olin E. Teague, (D-
Tex.), of the House Veterans Af-
fairs Committee which approved
the Senate-passed bill last year,
predicted early and favorable ac-
tion by his group on Johnson's re-
quest. Teague noted that it was

the first time in years that a pres-
ident has sent Congress a special
message on veterans benefits.
Rep. E. Ross Adair of Indiana,
ranked Republican on Teague's
committee, said the committee has
been advocating for some time
most of what Johnson proposed.
He added: "I'm in favor of it,
While Johnson's message to
Congress emphasized particularly
the role of those "fighting and
giving their .lives in the defense
of freedom in Vietnam" the higher
benefit he recommended would ap-
ply to Aug. 5, 1964, no matter
where a man served.
Under one Johnson proposal, a
recent veteran could for the first
time receive educational benefits
while completing high school work
without this being charged against
his later college benefits.
As a result of this, a veteran
could, in theory at least, spend
four years in high school-36
months -with government help
and another 36 months in college
under the new GI bill which went
into effect last June.
The maximum for a single vet-
eran receiving educational assist-
ance would be increased from $100
a month to $130 a month.

TOKYO (;P)-Radio Peking said
yesterday Mao Tse-tung's forces
"are taking by storm one after an-
other the citadels" of his enemies,
but so far Maoists claim control
in only four cities. And broadcasts
admitted trouble in two of these.
Far from Peking's control, such
areas as Sinkiang Province, Inner
Mongolia and parts of Manchuria
are still in a state of rebellion
against Mao and resistance is re-

Wilson to Ask Kosygin's Aid
In Solving Vietnam Conflict

ported widespread elsewhere.
The Hong Kong Star in a re-
port unconfirmed elsewhere said
Gen. Wang En-mao, anti-Mao
boss of Sinkiang Province, had
threatened to seize Red China's
nuclear base at Lop Nor in the
south if Maoists try to take over
the provincial government.
Radio Peking, quoting an article
in the party theoretical journal
Red Flag, asserted that Mao's ene-
mies are being "battered into con-
These enemies, supposedly led
by President Liu Shao-chi, ap-
parently were striking back in the
northeast port of Tsingtao on the
Yellow Sea, which earlier broad-
casts said was firmly seized Jan.
22 after a battle led by the army.
With Tsingtao's reported falling,
Maos forces now claim to control
four cities. The others are Peking,
the big port of Shanghai, and
Taiyuan, the capital of Shansi
Province net door to Peking.
Mao's propaganda machinery
called for the formation of revo-
lutionary committees of peasants,
students, workers, soldiers and in-
tellectuals to take over city gov-
ernments in the power struggle.

New Auto Standards,
Issued by Commerce

merce Department issued 20 auto
safety standards yesterday, toned
down from its previous proposals.
And the department gave the in-
dustry an extra four months to
comply with them on 1968 model,
Three proposed standards were
withdrawn for further study. Two
deal with tries and rims. And the
other would have required head-
rests as a protection against whip-
lash injury.
Officials said the 20 standards
issued were softened in varying
degree from proposals the depart-
ment made Dec. 3.
Dr. William Haddon Jr., admin-
istrator of the National Traffic

Safety Agency, said many points
made by the domestic and foreign
industries were reasonable, well-
documented, and accepted by the
But he said his experts did not
go along with all industry sug-
Twelve of the standards issued'
yesterday were in final form while
eight others contain amendments
for possible adoption later.
One standard-that applying to
the strength and hardware for
seatbelts-will go into effect
March 1 as scheduled previously.
The others won't become effective
until Jan. 1, 1968. The original
proposals recommended a compli-
ance date of next Sept. 1.
Lowell K. Bridwell, acting un-
dersecretary of commerce for
transportation, called the 20 stan-
dards a "substantial step forward"
and said every automobile manu-
facturer can meet them by next
Jan. 1.
Bridwell said the standards are
the best that could be drafted at
this time based on the legal con-
straints that they must be reason-
able, practical and appropriate and
based on existing standards.
"I'm not happy with them in
the sense they are not as far as
we need to go in the future in
order to protect the lives of people
who drive automobiles," he told a
news conference.
"But . . . they are as far as we
are able to go now within the legal

Announce Development
Of Nuclear-ray Missile

LONDON (A)-Prime Minister
Harold Wilson is planning a de-
termined bid next week to per-
suade Soviet Premier Alexei N.
Kosygin to join in settling the
Vietnam war and to avoid a nu-
clear arms race with the United
Informants said last night the
prime minister believes from re-
cent indications in Moscow and
Hanoi that the Soviets may now
be ready to take a more active
role in the search for peace in
At the same time some British
officials were puzzled by a dis-
closure that Kosygin is leaving
Foreign Minister Andrei A. Gro-
myko home during his week-long
visit to Britain, which begins next
Monday. They wondered if it was
a deliberate attempt by Kosygin to
downgrade the importance of the
Wilson and Foreign Secretary
George Brown flew to Brussels,
Belgium, to continue their poll of
Common Market governments on
British prospects for membership
in the European Economic Com-
Informants said Wilson sees
Vietnam and, the possibility of a
nuclear arms race arising from
continued Soviet development of
antimissile systems as over-shad-
owing al other issues he plans to
take up with Kosygin. He has set
aside more than 20 hours for pri-
vate talks during Kosygin's visit.
The British have been heartened
by Gen. Maxwell D. Taylor's state-
ment in Washington that "some-
thing is starting to move' in Hanoi
in the direction of peace
Viet Cong
This - follows other indications
that the North Vietnamese, and
perhaps even the Viet Cong, may
be willing to talk. This, Wilson
thinks, may prompt the Russians
to join the British in getting talks
started. The Russians have said all
along that the decision on peace
talks was Hanoi's, not theirs.

Anti-Soviet Demonstrations
Spread to North Vietnam

British officials say privately,
however, that the crux is a halt in
the American bombing of North
Wilson will add his voice to
those of President Johnson and
Secretary of State Dean Rusk in
appealing to the Russians to think
again before extending to other
cities the antiballistic missiles
which Defense Secretary Robert
S. McNamara said they have de-
ployed around Moscow.

World News Roundup

WASHINGTON-Edwin 0. Rei-
schauer, a U.S. consultant on Far
Eastern affairs, brushed off Red
China as a military threat yester-
day and said "prudent de-escala-
tion" is the way to peace in Viet-
Reischauer, former ambassador
to Japan, told the Senate Foreign
Relations Committee he doesn't
see much hope for negotiations on
Vietnam and termed U.S. bombing
of North Vietnam a "psychological
blunder on our part," diminishing
already thin prospects for talks.

NEW YORK-General Motors
Corp. reported Tuesday that its
1966 earnings totaled $1,793 bil-
lion, or $6.24 a share, compared
with $2.126 billion, or $7.41 a
share, in 1965.
Automobile sales by General
Motors, the No. 1 car maker, and
by the industry as a whole fell in
1966 below the record level of
General Motors sales in 1966
totaled $20.2 billion against $20.7
billion in 1965.

States has developed nuclear-tip-
ped missiles with improved powers
for penetrating a kind of nuclear-
ray "curtain" deployable by anti-
missile defenses.
The new warheads also pack
more explosive wallop for a given
quantity of nuclear material than
heretofore, the government in-
The development-growing out
of underground weapons tests at
the Nevada Proving Ground last
year-was reported to Congress
yesterday by the Atomic Energy
Commission in its annual report.
At the same time the AEC re-
ported record-breaking activity in
the nuclear power field during the
past year.
No Reference
The report made no reference to
the pending U.S. decision on
whether to build a complete, $40-
billion antimissile defense system
or rely on offensive capability as
a deterrent to war.

But it appears evident this latest
advance in American nuclear wea-
ponry could play a part in that
decision-and perhaps strengthen
the Johnson administration's hand
in its call for Soviet cooperation
to end any antimissile race.
Late last year Secretary of De-
fense Robert S. McNamara said
the Soviet Union had deployed
elements of an antimissile defense
system around Moscow. And he
has indicated belief that even an
advanced antimissile defense by
either the United States or Russia
could not completely thwart a nu-
clear missile attack.
The new warheads-presumably
of the hydrogen variety-are al-
ready slated for production, if not
already on the production line, the
report indicated.
The AEC said steps are being
taken to overhaul older nuclear
intercontinental ballistic missiles
to incorporate the new gains.

MOSCOW ()-Chinese anti-
Soviet demonstrations were re-
ported last night to have spread
from Peking and other world capi-
tals to Hanoi.
Izvestia said Chinese students
and diplomats chanted anti-Soviet
slogans in a 'provocative demon-
stration" outside the Russian Em-
bassy in the North Vietnamese
capital.In a brief dispatch, the
government newspaper called it
"a hooligan spectacle."
For six days thousands of Chi-
nese have been staging sometimes
riotous demonstrations outside the
Soviet Embassy in Peking, and
others have been launched in
Paris and Baghdad, Iraq's capital.
Tuesday came word of another in
Sana, capital of Yemen.
"Death Sentences"
Yesterday's demonstration in
Peking, Tass, the Soviet News
agency said, teen-age Red Guards
and others shouted anti-Soviet

speeches and slogans over loud-
speakers, then read off "death seri-
tences" for members of the em-
*bassy staff.
The incidents were provoked
by what Peking claimed was the
beating of 69 Chinese students
by, Soviet police in Moscow's Red
Square last Wednesday.
The H a n o i demonstration
brought the Peking-Moscow feud
to the capital of a nation trying
to balance itself on a tight rope
between the two Communists
North Vietnam receives military
supplies from both the Soviet
Unionand Red China.Hanoi has
tried to get along with both, and
the demonstratidn may prove em-
Lenin's Tomb
The Red Square incident in Mos-
cow was followed up Monday night
by the enclosing of Lenin's Tomb
behind a six-foot high wooden


The World
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The World
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speaks at
and leads a discussion on
Last week well over 100 reservations were received.
Capacity for this function is 200.

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