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January 29, 1966 - Image 3

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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1966-01-29

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SATURDAY, JANUARY 29, 1966

THE 311CIlIGAN DAILY

PAGE THREE

SATURDAY, JANUARY 29, 1966 TIlE IIHCIIiGAN DAILY PAGE THREE

Shortage
Crowds

of

Food

Causes

EEOC Handles Overload
Of Civil Rights Complaints

Iro

iot

in

USO Troops
Meet, Stiff*
Opposition'
Copter Units Called in
To lush Viet Cong
Into Open Fighting
SAIGON (/P) - Probing U.S.
troops stirred up stiff contact yes-
terday with the Viet Cong in two
coastal sectors 80 miles apart.
The operations were part of an al-
lied effort to draw some substan-
tial Communist force into a show-
down.
Helicopters dropped elements of
the U. S. 1st Cavalry, Airmobile,
Division into a fight north of
Bon Son, about 300 miles north-
east of Saigon. The troops ra-
dioed they were put under heavy
small arms fire as they landed.
Down the coast, guerrillas loos-
ed rifle and automatic weapon
fire and mortars at men of the
1st Brigade of the U.S. 101st Air-
borne Division seven miles north
of Tuy Hoa. The troops advanced
against heavy opposition. A noon
report said fighting was sporadic
but continuing.
The U.S. Air Force last two of
its propeller - driven Skyraider
fighter-bombers. One crashed on
a flight in support of the cav-
alrymen near Bon Son 'and the
other on a bombing run to back
up Vietnamese troops campaign-
ing 25 miles northwest of Saigon.
Moratorium
The moratorium on the U.S.
bombing of North Viet Nam en-
tered its sixth week. Though
Washington sources expected that
President Johnson would order the
s bombing resumed, no specific date
was cited.
Egyptian sources said their gov-
ernment has decided to abandon
mediation efforts. They said North
Vietnamese Ambassador Nguyen
Xuan notified Foreign Ministry
officials in Cairo Thursday that
Hanoi refused to entertain peace
overtures.,
"The American and North Viet-
namese positions seem as far
apart as ever and there appears
to be no chance of bringing about
a compromise between the two at
this time," said one qualified in-
formant.
Pope's Efforts
Pope Paul VI, however, was re-
ported pursuing the personal drive
he launched in December. Vati-
can sources said his envoys were
carrying on quiet diplomatic con-
sultations in several foreign coun-
tries in the quest for world peace.
In Seoul, South Korea, the de-
fense minister, Kim Singeun, told
national assemblymen "there is
a strong need" for more foreign
troops in South Viet Nam. He said,
however, that South Korea, which
is represented by a 20,000-man ex-
peditionary force, has no plan at
the moment to send additional
men.
The Philippine government, as
yet, undecided about whether to
send troops, moved to cash in on
the dollar bonanza started by the
increased U.S. commitment in Viet
Nam.
A Manila dispatch said the De-
partment of Commerce has pre-
pared a report for President Fer-
dinand Marcos on ways in which
Philippine businessmen can share
in the increased U.S. spending.
Philippine Reports
A Philippine fact-finding mis-
sion that visited Viet Nam re-
cently reported that requirements
in food, materials and equipment
for the U.S. armed forces in Viet
Nam would reach a billion dollars
before the middle of this year.

E1dia
Communists
Encourage
iotin obs
Gandhi Faced with
Serious Crisis After
Five Days in Office'
NEW DELHI (A)-Food dem-
onstrations exploded in violence
yesterday in southwest India and
presented Prime Minister Indira
Gandhi a full-blown crisis just
five days after she took office.
Angry mobs, protesting the lack
of rice, went on the rampage in
many cities of Kerala State, halt-)
ing trains and stoning them, rip-
ping up tracks, and clashing with
police.
"We want rice !" the mobs shout-
ed. "Give us rice or shoot us!"
Mrs. Gandhi, sworn in Mon-
day, had planned to visit Kerala
yesterday but postponed the trip
on the advice of her aides who
suggested she let things cool down
a bit. But riots of this type tra-
ditionally don't cool down in Ke-
rala until they have resulted in
bloodshed and perhaps spread to
adjoining south Indian states.
The first casualties reported
were two police officers stoned
and injured by a mob in Trichur,
a port city. Farther north along
the coast, a mob attacked a news-
paper office in Ernakulam. Two
policemen, a newspaper employe
and several rioters were hurt.
Kerala, a political problem state
for years ,is one of the first to
feel the pinch of India's devel-
oping food crisis.
A severe drought and a shortage
in agricultural production threat-
en as many as 12 million Indians
with starvation this year.
American wheat is flowing intc
India at an astonishing rate -
more than 20,000 tons daily-but
that does not help Keralites. They
are rice eaters. Thursday night,
Mrs. Gandhi ordered Kerala's rice
ration increased from 120 to 14(
grams-4.2 to 4. 9ounces-daily
for each adult.
But Communist leaders, strong
in Kerala, said it was too little,
too late.
The Communists, assisted by al
political parties and even dissi-
d~lfm~hr f ~c('orhl

WASHINGTON (M-In its first
six months, the federal commis-f
sion charged with razing racial
and sex bars to employment has
been handed a staggering load of
complaints. But it can count some
sizable mediation achievements-
including one in Bogalusa, La., a
Ku Klux Klan stronghold.
Herman Edelsberg, executive di-
rector of the Equal Employment
Opportunity Commission-EEOC1
-summed up the surprise work
load this way:
More Complaints
"Our budget was set up antici-
pating 2000 complaints a year.
This was based on the annual rate
of the 30 state agencies. In the
first six months we've already had
more than 3200 and the curve is
up."
The commission, which came in-
to being last July 1 under terms
of the 1964 Civil Rights Act, is
headed by Franklin D. Roosevelt,,
Jr.
In point of size, the EEOC still
is pretty small among federal
agencies with a staff of 153, re-
cently upped from 125. Its budg-
et for the current fiscal year is
$2.8 million but President John-
son has asked for $5.8 million
for fiscal 1967.
Breakdown
A breakdown of the first 3,263,
complaints shows 1,384 accepted
for investigation, 295 referred for
action by state or local agencies,
429 returned for additional in-
formation, 916 dismissed for lack
of jurisdiction and 239 withdrawn
or otherwise terminated.
Of the total in the first three
categories, 1,429 charged discrim-
ination against Negroes and there
were 391 allegations of discrimi-
nation because of sex. Religion
and other factors brought the
other complaints.
"We're finding great good will,"
he said in an interview, "but much
of the discrimination is institu-
tionalized, unwitting, growing out
of established procedures."
For example, Edelsberg said,
"take an accounting firm where
all of its accountants are white
Protestants. We found it did all
--~ - -

its recruiting of junior account-
ants at two colleges where thel
student bodies were made up of1
white Protestants."
He said this also is true of
many Southern businesses that re-
cruit regularly at the same pre-
dominantly white Southern col-
leges.
In one case, Edelsberg said, in
the course of investigating a com-
plaint against a Southern aircraft
company, which proved to be in-
valid, "the company decided its
personnel screening and testing
policies were discriminatory. It
threw them all out and devised
new ones."
"This is an indication of the de-
sire to comply with the law. Bo-
galusa was an example of that,"
he said.
In the past year, Bogalusa has
been the scene of violence stem-
ming from civil rights demonstra-
tions and Klan activities. Yet a
recent decision by the city's larg-
est employer ,the Crown Zeller-
bach paper mill, could set a pat-
tern for the paper industry across
the South.
Sought Help
Edelsberg said the officials of
Crown Zellerbach came to the
commission to find out how to
merge segregated production lines
in the wood-processing room.
Crown Zellerbach employs 3300
of Bogalusa's 25,000 population.
He added that Bogalusa had
many Klansmen, including some
officers in the main union at
the plant, the AFL-CIO Paper-
makers Union.
The jobs were segregated," Ed-
elsberg said. "Generally, the Ne-
gro jobs were the dirtiest and the
lower paid. We decided they shd
lower paid. We decided they
should dovetail the lines with al-
lowance for job security, senior-
ity and other rights."
The company agreed, he said,
but only "if we could make it stick
and sell it to the white union."

The 300 members of the Negro
local agreed immediately, Edels-
berg said, and a meeting was
scheduled with the 1400 white un-
ion members in New Orleans, La.,
at the federal building.
"This was planned by Roosevelt
to emphasize the federal pres-
ence," Edelsberg said. "There was
a flag in the room and all the
trimmings."
World News
Roundup
By The Associated Press
NEW YORK-Union leader Mi-
chael J. Quill, who led New York's
transit workers into their recent
12-day subway and bus strike,
died yesterday.
WASHINGTON - Politician
Lawrence F. O'Brien, postmaster
general less than three months,
is reliably reported to be ready
and willing to run for the U.S.
Senate this year in his native
Massachusetts.
S* ': *
BOSTON-A massive explosion
and fire in downtown Boston last
night wrecked two hotels, killed
at least 12 persons and injured
more than 50 others.
Most of the bodies were recov-
ered from a basement chamber
under one of the hotels.

-Associated Press
PRESIDENT JOHNSON told a press conference held for young people that the peace offensive is
being held back by fanatics seeking to "rule or ruin."
JohnsnUnsure ontBombings;
RuIm~ s oizd-nVitFud
uiz RST SMBon V Oet I .,

UA(
Symposium
Feb. 1, 3-5

....

N

By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON - President
Johnson said yesterday "we can-
not and wemust not" let a rule-
or-ruin strategy win in Viet Nam,
but he remained silent on U.S.
bombing intentions.
Meanwhile, President Ho Chi
Minh of North Viet Nam called
Johnson's peace offers "an im-
pudent threat" in a letter broad-
cast yesterday by Radio Hanoi.
In Washington, Secretary of
State Dean Rusk was questioned
for four hours by the Senate For-
eign Relations Committee on Unit-
ed States policy, cautioned against
nuclear brinksmanship, and ask-
ed by Sen. J. W. Fulbright (D-
Ark) to justify "the enormous
sacrifice of lives and treasure"' inI
North Viet Nam.
Young People
Speaking to a group of young
people, Johnson said peace can be
restored in Viet Nam "iwhenever
the Viet Cong and their mentors
to the North can finally be con-
vinced that violence will not pre-
vail."
The reason there is no peace
there now, he said, is because a
few fanatical leaders belonging to
a cult of hopelessness "are pur-
suing the old cynical strategy of
rule or ruin.','
"We cannot and we must not!
let that strategy succeed," John-
son added to the gathering in the
White House East Room of 102
high school pupils taking part in
the Senate youth program financ-
ed by the William Randolph
Hearst Foundation.
But Johnson shed no light on
when or if he will order U.S.
bombers to resume their attacks
on Communist North Viet Nam-
a decision he is weighing with his
advisers while Capitol Hill crackles
with talk of war and peace and
whether to bomb or not to bomb.
Rusk Quizzed
Rusk appeared before the For-
eign Relations Committee in sup-
port of the administration's re-

quest for an emergency foreign
aid supplement of $415 million,
primarily for Viet Nam. He ran
into tough sledding.
Fulbright asked whether ap-
proval of the fund would "be tak-
en as approval of an unlimited
expansion of the war."
Rusk said Congress is not be-
ing asked to give approval of any,
unlimited expansion. But when!
Fulbright pressed him as to
whether approval of the aid fund
would be "interpreted" that way,
Rusk said, "I'd have to take this
under advisement."
Fulbright said the reason he
asked was because of a telegram
he received from Henry Cabot
Lodge, U.S. ambassador to Sai-
gon.
Lodge explained in the telegram
how the foreign aid money was
to be used and said, "A vote for
the appropriation is thus an ut-
terly indispensable act if one sup-
ports U.S. policy in Viet Nam."
Lodge also observed, "If aggres-
sion succeeds in Viet Nam we will
be face to face with the threat of
World War III."
The possibility of an expanded
war obviously weighed on the
minds of committee members.
They kept questioning Rusk un-
til he pleaded an "urgent appoint-
ment" at 1 p.m.
Fulbright
Fulbright, a leader in the Sen-
ate drive to persuade the Presi-I
dent not to resume the bombings
now, spearheaded efforts by the
committee members to pin down
U.S. policy and just how far it
goes.
Before Congress votes large new
funds for the war "we must know
what our ultimate objective is,"
Fulbright said.
"I suspect sometimes there's
been a change of policy from that
we disavowed after the Spanish
war," he said: On this point, he
noted American troops are in
South Korea, Viet Nam, the Do-
minican Republic and Europe, and

said, "All this has come about
gradually."
Rusk argued that the United
States is not attempting to enforce
a "pax Americus" by being a "po-
liceman for the globe." The Unit-
ed States is only carrying out its
treaty commitments, he said.
Johnson said yesterday that
Congress gave him broad powers
in 1964 to make military deci-
sions.
Replies to Senators
That was his reply to 15 Senate
Democrats who asked that the
views of Congress be sought be-
fore anv decision is made to re-

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Fp

I IVIc cI uuiovuis iiut v u' enL members oz mrs. Gandi'S
sume bombing of North Viet Nam. governing Congress party, whip-
Johnson's letter made no mention ped up mobs in all the major
of the senators' specific request. cities of the tropical state.
Johnson's letter went to Sen. Government-owned railroads, a
Vance Hartke of Indiana, a prin- favorite target in any Indian riot,
cipal author of the letter signed were hard hit. At least four inter-
by the 15 Democrats. The Presi- state express trains were waylaid.
dent's letter said: Police fired three shots in the
"I continue to be guided in these air near Cannamore when a mob
matters by the resolution of Con- estimated at 10,000 looted a freight
gress approved on Aug. 10, 1964." train. The mob turned on police
In that resolution, Congress au- but dispersed when rifles went in-
thorized the President to "take to action.
all necessary measures" to repel In the capital of Trivandrum, a
armed attacks against American mob armed with clubs ran rough-
forces and to repel armed aggres- shod over a small police detach-
sors. ment guarding the central rail-
Johnson said: "My views of the road station, smashed furnitur
present situation remain as stated and tried to set fire to the build-
in my recent reply to a group of ing.
members of the House, of which The state governor, A. P. Jain,
I enclose a copy." tried to drive around Trivandrum
Piwith his wife to quiet mobs, but
Press seci'etai'y Bill D. Moyci's, his car was stopped by student
who read Johnson's letter to news-s densratop
men, said in reply to a question demonsti'ators.
that it was the President's full A 24-hour general strike order-
aiiswer to the senators. ed by leftist parties and trade
Moyers disclosed in response to unions kept all taxis and buses
another inquiry that the Presi- off the streets and closed shops.
dent met yesterday afternoon with N. Sreekantan Nair, general-
most of his senior advisers in the secretary of the Socialist party,
national security field. A some- told a crown in Quilon City the
what smaller, unannounced meet- government's food policy is driv-
ing was held Thursday night. ing Kerala's people to the convic-
He said Johnson stillhasreach- tion thatonlybloody revolution
ed no decision on whether to re- can solve their problems. Pro-Mos-
new the bombing of North Viet cow Communist leaders raised the
Nam.mbanner of secession.

WOULD YOU LIKE TO READ
1000 to 2000 WORDS A MIN.UTE:
WITH FULL COMPREHENSION & RETENTION
EASE PRESSURE - SAVE TIME -IMPROVE CONCENTRATION
You can read 150-260 pages an hour using the ACCELERATED READING method.
You'll learn to comprehend at speeds of 1,000 to 2,000 words a minute. And retention is
excellent.
This is NOT a skimming method; you definitely read every word.
You can apply the ACCELERATED READING method to textbooks and factual mate-
rial as well as to literature and fiction. The author's style is not lost when you read at these
speeds. In fact, your accuracy and enjoyment in reading will be increased.
Consider what this new reading ability will enable you to accomplish-in your required
reading and in the additional reading you want to do.
No machines, projectors, or apparatus are used in learning the ACCELERATED READ-
ING method. Thus the reader avoids developing any dependence upon external equipment in
reading.
An afternoon class and an evening class in ACCELERATED READING will be tought
each TUESDAY adjacent to the U. of M. campus, beginning on February 15.
Be our guest at a 30-minute public DEMONSTRATION of the ACCELERATED READ-
ING method, and see it applied by U. of M. students who have recently completed the course.
BRING A BOOK!
Demonstrations will be held at the BELL TOWER INN, located at 300 S. Thayer St.
(across from Hill Auditorium)
MONDAY, January 31 at 7:30 P.M.
THURSDAY, February 3 at 7:30 P.M.
TUESDAY, February 8 at 7:30 P.M.
THURSDAY, February 10ot 7:30 P.M.
NATIONAL SCHOOL OF ACCELERATED READING, Inc.
507 FIFTH AVE. NEW YORK 17, N.Y.

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Survival of an idea:

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FEB. 9, 10, 1

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