SUNDAY, NOVEMBER 21, 1965
THE MICHIGAN DAILY
SUNPAY, NOVEMBER 21, 1965 TIlE MICUIGAX DAILY PAGE THREE
By JOHN M. HIGHTOWER
Associated Press News Analyst
WASHINGTON - Support is
reported growing in the Johnson
administration for the United
States to take a strong new lead
next year to bring about creation
1 of a North Atlantic Treaty Or--
ganization nuclear force despite
French and Russian opposition
and apparent British cooling off.
President Johnson is expected
to make basic decisions on the
U.S. policy line following consul-
tations here in two weeks with,
West German Chancellor Ludwig'
Erhard. The whole movement has
been on dead center for a year so
far as NATO is concerned. For
several months the issue of a nuc-
lear weapons force has been hotly
disputed within the administra-
In recent weeks, however, John-
son has directed policy makers to
move ahead with planning but is
withholding final conclusions on
the U.S. course pending the con-
ference with Erhard and probably
quick follow-up consultation with
other chief European allies.
Erhard's views are considered of
vital importance because essen-
tially the proposed and disputed
NATO nuclear force represents an
effort to give Germany a hand in
control and a voice in policy of
the West's nuclear defenses.
With Britain, France and Rus-
sia as nuclear powers already,
many U.S. officials are convinced
that sooner or later Germany will
have either its own national nuc-
lear power or full partnership in
some international system.
Johnson administration leaders
are known to hope that Erhard
will be in position to answer three , be prepared to handle the pres- adviser McGeorge Bundy reviewed
basic questions with respect to his sures of political conflict with , the European situation among
own government's policies: France and the Soviet Union- others in talks with Johnson in
9 What kind of nuclear weap- pressures which seem inevitable in Texas two weeks ago. There are
on a treaty to prevent the spread support inside the administration
of nuclear weapons. for the British view. There is also
a reluctance to create any avoid-
But Russia is against Germany's able antagonisms in relations with
Sgetting access to weapons even in eGaulle.
ons partnership system does Er-
hard consider necessary to assure
future German status as a first-
class power, considering that "the
bomb" has become the symbol of
standing for nations?
9 How quickly, in Erhard's
view, does the NATO nuclear force
problem have to be solved?
* If the United States and
Germany begin to press for a so-
lution early next year will Erhard
view of their known positions?
Johnson shelved the whole prob-
lem last December so far as the
United States is concerned pri-
marily because of prospective
elections in West Germany and
France this year.
In Germany Erhard won a new
lease on his political leadership.
In France President Charles de
Gaulle is considered certain of re-
election next month.
understood to have been other
talks during the past week in
New uncertainty seems to have
been introduced into the confused
situation by Britain.
U.S. officials are becoming con-
vinced from their contacts with
British diplomats and officials
that Prime Minister Harold Wil-
son's Labor government is- cooling
off on the whole NATO nuclear
weapons project for two reasons.
a NATO collective system. Some
British officials are said to be-
lieve that if the NATO project
could be traded for a nuclear
weapons nonproliferation agree-
ment with Russia they would have
a good bargain.
In this country there is some
The main force of argument in
the State Department, known to
be spearheaded by Ball, favors
some kind of NATO collective
system but no longer insists on a
jointly owned and jointly manned
nuclear missile navy-the so-called
Erhard is due here Dec. 3 for British Interest
conferences with Johnson-either Strong elements of the British
l. in Washington or at the Presi- leadership are said to be less and
U N , aI~ T ot l B ocott dent's ranch in Texas. !less interested in taking Britain
'-.Review out of the nuclear weapons field
Secretary of State Dean Rusk, as a national power. Secondly,
undersecretary George W. Bal and 11 Wilson and Foreign Minister
Secretary of Defense Robert S.|Michael Stewart think some agree-
McNamara as well as White House ment with Russia may be possible
UNITED NATIONS, N.Y. (')-
O The UN Security Council Satur-
day called for a worldwide eco-
nomic boycott against Southern
Rhodesia. The United States then
announced that President John-
son had ordered rejection of a
shipment of 9500 tons of Rho-
desian sugar now in transit from
The anouncement was made by
U.S. Ambassador Arthur J. Gold-
berg shortly after the council
adopted a resolution toughening
its stand against the rebellious
white minority regime in Rhodesia.
The resolution, approved by a
vote of 10-0 with only France
abstaining, calls on all states "to
do their utmost in order to break
all economic relations with South-
ern Rhodesia, including an em-
bargo on oil and petroleum
A proposal against recognizing
or aiding the breakaway British
colony passed the council by the
same vote Nov. 12, the day after
the declaration of independence.
Goldberg told the council the
President acted after learning the
1965 Rhodesian sugar quota of
about 9500 tons was on its way
by sea to the United States. The
ambassador earlier had announc-
By The Associated Press
,RAWALPINDI, Pakistan - A
spokesman said yesterday 21 In-
dian soldiers were killed in the
latest clashes on the cease-fire
line, 17 in an action near the
Sadhewal sector of Rajishthan in
southwest Pakistan, in the Poonch
and Nikial area of- Kashmir and
in the Fazilka sector 200 miles
east of Rawalpindi.
Pakistan troops suffered four
casualties in Rajishthan, the
PRAGUE, Czechoslovakia - Dr.
Milan Klusak has been named
permanent .Czechoslovak repre-
sentative at the United Nations,
the news agency Ctk reported. He
replaces Dr. Jiri Hajek, who be-
comes minister of education and
ed suspension of any 1966 quota
on sugar imports from Rhodesia.
Goldberg said the United States
"will continue to consider urgently
what other steps we can take to
assure that no action is taken
which would assist and encourage
the illegal regime in Salisbury,
He urged the "misguided rebels"
in Rhodesia to "heed the voice
of the council." He added that
"reason can still prevail if the
minority will but reconsider their
shocking and untenable position."
The council resolution, submit-
ted by Bolivia and Uruguay, calls
on Britain to "quell this rebellion
of the racist minority"; to take
all "appropriate measures which
would prove effective" to that end,
and also to take immediate steps
to allow the Rhodesian people to
determine their own future.
In other developments, in Rho-
desia, the homes and offices of
university faculty members who
signed an anti-independence
statement have been invaded and
searched by police, university in-
formants said Saturday.
Police refused to comment on
by his brother Faisal and left last
January after recognizing Faisal
as monarch. The sources reported
intermediaries arranged the return
on a Saud pledge to stay out of
WASHINGTON - The United
States is seeking answers to a
confused food situation in India,
including a new grain shortage,
and is not ready to sign a long-
term agreement with New Delhi.
Instead, U.S. authorities indicat-
ed yesterday another short-term
authorization for the delivery of
500,000 tons of wheat to India in
January will be approved within
the next week. Deliveries require
about six week's advance approval
to keep the flow of grain uninter-
WASHINGTON - Sen. Clifford
The statement denounced the accept -the present illegal regime
government of Prime Minister Ian of the former prime minister, Mr.
D. Smith as illegal and said 46 Ian Smith."
members of the staff of the Uni- The signatures then followed.
versity of Rhodesia and Nyasa- U Name Change
land who signed it refuse to rec-I
ognize it as Rhodesia's govern-
The university has a faculty of
123. Last week 400 of the univer-
sity's 554 full-time students signed
a statement expressing loyalty to
the British governor, Sir Hum-
phrey Gibbs. Smith has deposed
Gibbs but Britain still recognizes
him as Rhodesia's chief authority.
The informants said plain-
clothes policemen entered the
homes and offices of the faculty
members Friday night and Satur-
day in searcl of the original copy
of the statement. But they failed
to find it. The informants said it
was smuggled out of the univer-
sity and was being sent to the
Times of London. The police seiz-
ed 20 unsigned copies of the
The statement said:
The name of the university is
now in the process of being chang-
ed to the University of Rhodesia.
Nyasaland formerly was linked to
Rhodesia in the old Central Afri-
Among the 46 who were said
to have signed the document were
British, Rhodesian, American and
South African teachers.
Smith's white government de-I
clared Rhodesia independent on
Nov. 11. The British government
declareed the act illegal.
The university raids were said
to have followed a tip to police
from an informant at the univer-
sity. Many of the science faculty
support the Smith government
while the arts faculty generally
supports the governor.
University sources emphasized
the document sought by police
contained a private expression of
some members of the teaching
"We, the undersigned teaching staff and was not an official uni-
members of the University College versity statement.,
of Rhodesia, wish publicly to af- No students were involved in its
firm that we do not recognize or preparation or signed it.
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Read and Use
Michigan Daily Classifieds
MEXICO CITY-The long-dor- P. Case (R-NJ) said yesterday he
mant volcano Popocatepetl is re- has asked publication of secret
ported belching smoke up to 300 testimony taken by the Senate
feet, alarming nearby villagers. Foreign Relations Committee last
There has been no major eruption July on U.S. intervention in the
of the volcano in decades.;Dominicanrebellion.
BEIRUT, Lebanon - Ex-King NEW YORK - The Anaconda
Saud of Saudi Arabia may soon Copper Co. rescinded its recent
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exile in Europe, diplomatic sources unanticipated by the copper in-
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Saud was dethroned a year ago Phelps-Dodge Corp.
The PUBLIC is invited to a
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