WEDNESDAY, JUNE 28, 1967
THE MICHIGAN DAILY
WEDNESDAY, JUNE 28, 1967 THE MICHIGAN DAILY V AIW
t L-] %X G 1
Change Tax Plan
6 Per Cent Surcharge is 'Minimal'
Hike Will 'Safeguard Prosperity'
Castro, Kosygin Talk in Cuba
As Rusk Meets with Gromryko
WASHINGTON (P)-The ad-
mintration held out the possibility
yesterday of an even higher tax
increase than the 6 per cent sur-
charge proposed last January by
Gardner Ackley, chairman of the
President's Council of Economic
Advisers, declined to give specific
details of any tax plan at a meet-
ing of the Senate-House Economic
But, when asked if 6 per cent
were minimal, he replied: "It
seems to me unlikely that a smal-
ler increase would have the effect
WASHINGTON (P)-The House
Judiciary Committee, bowing to
backers of antiriot legislation, yes-
terday stripped from the measure
a companion bill to protect Ne-
groes in the exercise of their civil
The committee's action produced
a federal crime to cross a state
two separate bills, one to make it
line with intent to start a riot, and
the other to prtect Negroes against
force and threats.
Chairman Emanuel Celler (D-
N.Y.), said he had the pledge of
House leaders that both bills would
be brought to the House floor, but
civil rights supporters on the com-
mittee were dismayed at the move.
Under the spur of summer riot-
in g in many cities, the antiriot
bill undoubtedly will clear Con-
gress easily, but the civil rights
provision faces tough going by it-
The two provisions. had been
linked by a Judiciary subcommit-
tee last week, but Rep. William M.
Colmer (D-Miss), succeeded in
prying them apart, using his role
as chairman of the Rules Com-
mittee for leverage.
Colmer's threat to bypass the
Judiciary Committee and take a
separate antiriot bill directly to
the floor led Celler to untie the
"Rather than see the jurisdic-
tion of the Judiciary Committee
set aside and assumed by the
Rules Committee," he said, "I con-
sented to consider the bill sepa-
Celler said Speaker John W.
McCormack (f-Mass), and Ma-
jority Leader Carl Albert (D-Ok-
la), had assured him that both
the antiriot and civil rights bills
would be cleared by the Rules
Committee for House action.
"Chairman Colmer implied he
would offer no objection," Celler
added. "I expect prompt action on
The antiriot bill approved by the
Judiciary Committee would pro-
vide penalties of up to five years
in jail and a $10,000 fine for using
interstate transportation or com-
munication facilities to "incite, or-
ganize, promote, encourage or car-
ry on a riot,."
Its author, Rep. William C. Cra-
mer (R-Fla), has said it would
put such militant Negro leaders
ass Stokely Carmichael in jail, but
many members of the committee
have expressed reservations about
One of them, Rep. Jack B.
Brooks (D-Tex), told newsmen riot
control and prevention was pri-
marily a job for state and local
law enforcement agencies. Car-
michael, he pointed out, was re-
cently jailed in Atlanta and is ap-
pealing other convictions.
The effect Ackley mentioned
was to stem inflation, hold down
interest rates and safeguard pros-
Committee Chairman William
Proxmire (D-Wis), said he hopes
Ackley's bullish outlook of the
economy and comments on taxes
don't mean the administration has
finally settled on a tax hike.
The administration should con-
tinue to watch the economy in
view of a rise in unemployment,
a shorter average work week and
decreased use of industrial capa-
city, he said. But Ackley replied,
"I feel obligated to say the posi-
tion of the administration in
January was that a tax increase
was needed. It is even more so
on June 27."
By the end of the year, Ackley
said, the economy will be moving
ahead so rapidly that it will bring
on tight money and inflation un-
less a tax increase is adopted by
He said a tax increase should
be enacted this year but declined
to give an effective date. The tax
on individual and corporate in-
come taxes was originally pro-
posed to go into effect July 1, but
administration officials are now
thinking of an Oct. 1 or 15 ef-
There have been some hints the
tax, if adopted, might not become
effective until Jan. 1.
With one major exception, Ack-
ley agreed with remarks made
Monday by Chairman William
McChesney Martin of the Federal
Reserve Board who said prompt
action to raise taxes is essential to
stem inflation, hold down interest
rates and whittle the budget defi-
cit now figured as high as $29 bil-
lion for the fiscal year beginning
Ackley said there is no need now
for a tax increase as an economic
pendulum and Martin, in urging
one now, referred to a need to
stabilize interest rates which have
risen to near record heights on
long-term borrowing. In predicting
firmly a strong economic upturn
in the second half of the year,
Ackley said the uncertainties
which surround the council's econ-
omic projections last January have
largely been cleared up and the
prospect has been for restraint-a
tax increase-this year.
The resurgence predicted in
January is "clearly on the hori-
zon today," Ackley said.
"A strong revival of demand is
on the way--one that will produce
either unacceptable inflationary
pressure or a return to tight
money, or more probably both, by
early next year at the latest," he
added. "Thus the time is rapidly
approaching when the economy
will need the additional restraint
of a tax increase."
Just when the administration
will send its tax plan formally to
Congress is an open question. Es-
timates have run from early July
A 17-YEAR-OLD Army volunteer from Crystal Falls, Michigan (white shirt), wrestles with an anti-
war picket in Milwaukee while a policeman attempts to restrain him. Police quieted the youth and
escorted him back to the induction center while the demonstration continued outside.
Thant Says U.N. Action
Did Not Start Arab Wari
By The Associated Press
U.S. and Soviet officials took
advantage of the confrontations
forced upon them by the Middle
Eastern crisis to discuss policies
and plans that have little to do
with the Middle East.
As President Johnson prepared
to meet with Jordan's King Hus-
sein, Secretary of State Dean
Rusk met with Soviet Foreign
Minister Andrei Gromyko and
Premier Kosygin continued discus-
sions with Castro in Cuba.
Secretary, Rusk said there was'
no advance agenda for his 7 p.m.
EDT meeting with Foreign Min-
ister Andrei A. Gromyko at the
Soviet mission to the United Na-
"The summit meeting was
worthwhile and many questions
were discussed in great detail,"
However, disarmament loomed
as a prime topic at the Rusk-
Gromyko parley, which was or-
dered by President Johnson and
Premier Alexei N. Kosygin to
carry on from the Glassboro talks.
Rusk summoned Adrian S. Fish-
er, deputy director of the U.S.
Arms Control and Disarmament
Agency, from Washington yester-
day to sit in on the parley with
Johnson and Kosygin remained
deeply divided on Vietnam and the
Middle East, but they did agree
on top priority for a treaty to
bar the spread of nuclear weapons.
Moscow and Washington long
have followed a policy of not
handing atomic arms to other na-
tions, and for months the nuclear
superpowers have been negotiat-
ing proposed wording for a non-
proliferation pact to be presented
to the 17-nation Geneva disarm-
Kosygin in Cuba
Soviet Premier Kosygin's visit
to Cuba was cloaked in secrecy
yesterday, amid speculation his
private talks with Prime Minister
Fidel Castro might spread over
most of the week.
Diplomatic sources said there
was little doubt the main goal of
the Kosygin-Castro talks would be
to smooth out differences, partic-
ularly over policy in Latin Amer-
Castro criticized the Soviet Un-
ion in a speech March 13 for con-
ducting trade talks with Colom-
bia, a target of Cuban propagan-
Referring to Colombia and oth-
er "traitorous" governments, Cas-
tro declared that anyone who trad-
ed with them undermined the
Cuban-supported guerrilla move-
ment in Latin America.
Diplomats expect the Russians
to argue in the talks that the
way to export revolution is by
example and not by arms.
That Latin American proble
were being discussed was evid
from the fact that Kosy
brought along to Havana Mont
the chief of the Latin Americ
section of the Soviet Foreign M
istry, Lev Mendelvitch.
The official Communist pi
reported Kosygin's arrival
front-page stories and picturesk
gave no hint of what the I
men would talk about.
Informed sources said th
were increasing signs Kosy
would remain in Havana for th
or four more days, at least.
UNITED NATIONS, N.Y. (P)--
Amid continuing assembly debate,
Secretary-General U Thant issued
a White Paper yesterday rejecting
contentions that his speedy com-
pliance with Egypt's demands for
removal of the U.N. Emergency
Force-UNEF-helped spark the
Thant issued a 10,500 word re-
port to the 122 members of the
emergency special session of the
Middle East crisis that constituted
a detailed reply to critics, who in-
cluded President Johnson, Cana-
dian Prime Minister Lester B.
Pearson and Israeli Foreign Min-
ister Abba Eban.
Outside the assembly, Soviet
Foreign Minister Andrei A. Gro-
myko and Secretary of State Dean
Rusk arranged a night meeting-
their first since the summit con-
ference of Johnson and Premier
Alexei N. Kosygin. The emphasis
appeared to be on disarmament
rather than the Middle East.
Thant stressed these main points
in his report:
To argue that removal of UNEF
was a primary cause of the crisis
is "a superficial and oversimplified
approach" that ignored the ex-
plosive factors which already
existed prior to Thant's orders for
withdrawal on May 18, the day the
request was made. The war flared
19 days later on June 5.
Although President Gamal Abdel
Nasser's request came as a sur-
prise, it had been generally accept-
ed in previous talks with the Egyp-
tians that compliance was the only
reasonable and sound course that
Thant could take..
Thant consulted in advance with
parties primarily concerned. There
was no request from his advisory
committee that the General As-
sembly be called into session to
consider the situation.
Most U.N. diplomats have not
challenged the legal grounds on
which Thant acted, but there has
been criticism that he could have
stalled for time in the hope of pre-
venting actual hostilities.
Thant acknowledged that his
decision has been criticized as
hasty and precipitous, but added
that he followed the only sound
course open to him, and that the
actual withdrawal "was to be car-
ried out in an orderly, dignified
and not precipitous manner over
a period of several weeks." The
withdrawal from Egyptian terri-
tory was completed on June 17.
In summation Thant declared
that the 3,400-man U.N. con-
tingent was only a symbolic force,
incapable of preventing war and
under mandate only to patrol 245
miles of border between Israel and
WILLIAM GURVICH, pictured above lifting fingerprints from
a bottle, has promised to tell a grand jury "everything I know"
about New Orleans Dist. Atty. Garrison's investigations.
Gurvl i Subpoenaed
In JFK Death Probe
Hussein To Get Aid from U.S.;
May Be Queried on War Aims
Daily News Analysis
WASHINGTON (/)-King Hus-
sein of Jordan, visiting with Pres-
ident Johnson today, will find
sympathy for his country's plight
and win a promise of help. But it
is likely he will be asked why he
joined in the war against Israel
when apparently he could have
stayed out of it.
Johnson and Hussein have met
before, in April, 1964, when the
monarch visited Washington. The
king speaks fluent English, and
there will be no need for trans-
Viet Cong Radio Broadcast Indicates
Guerrillas Execute Captive Official
SAIGON (P)-Long study of a
rambling Viet Cong broadcast
June 15 led the U.S. mission to
express belief yesterday the guer-
rillas were announcing they had
killed a captive U.S. aid official,
Gustav C. Hertz.
American -authorities appealed
to the Viet Cong's political arm,
the National Liberation Front,
for precise information on Hertz'
fate. If slain, he would be the
fourth such announced American
victim of Viet Cong executioners.
The lives of Douglas K. Ramsey,
a U.S. Foreign Service officer, and
other Americans in guerrilla
hands were threatened in the
broadcast, a warning against the
execution of three Viet Cong
agents recently condemned to
death in Saigon.
"The language of the broadcast
is not fully clear, but it implies
that Gustav Hertz suffered the
same fate as Sgt. Kenneth Rora-
back, who was executed on Sept.
26, 1965, as an announced act of
reprisal," the U.S. mission said.
One quirk is that the recording
World News Roundup
By The Associated Press
RANGOON, Burma -- Tens of
thousands of angry Burmese
stormed through Rangoon yes-
terday, systematically wrecking
and burning Chinese homes, shops
and cars before a government-
i mposed curfew cleared the streets.
The government banned meet-
ings of more than four persons
and clamped on the dusk-to-
dawn curfew after anti-Chinese
violence broke out late Monday,
subsided and then erupted again
60 to 30 sent to President John-
son yesterday a bill boosting the
national debt ceiling to the high-
est level history-$358 billion next
Saturday and $365 billion a year
The device was detonated above
the lagoon at the Mururoa nu-
clear test site, the ministry said.
The test was made without in-
cident, the communique added.
The explosion was France's
ninth since 1960. Several more
tests are scheduled in the Pacific
MOSCOWThe Soviet Union
has demanded strict punishment
for U.S. airmen responsible for
the strafing of the Soviet merch-
ant ship Turkistan off the North
Vietnamese port of Cam Pha June
The Soviet Embassy in Wash-
ington made the demand in a
statement delivered to the U.S.
State Department, Tass news
a~recv sid vste.av,
come deacons and perform most
of the offices of a priest.
The purpose is to help fill the
gap caused by the shortages of
priests in various nations, notably
in Latin America, Africa and Asia.
* * ,*
BELGRADE, Yugoslavia -- The
Egyptiangovernment has told the
press and radio to stop rude at-
tacks on President Johnson, to
mute its calls for a new war
against Israel and to stop criticiz-
ing army officers, a Yugoslav re-
port from Cairo said yesterday.
The correspondent of the Yu-
goslav daily Borba said the Egyp-
tian censorship office had hand-
ed out the instructions to facili-
tate 'constructive efforts on the
line of a peaceful solution of the
* n -*
tape, still under study, shows the
Red statement referral through-
out not to Gustav Hertz but to
"Gustav Head." No American
named Head is known to be in
"The examples of Kenneth Ror-
aback and Gustav Head are still
fresh in our memories," the state-
ment said, warning against execu-
tion of the Viet Cong agents.
"Ramsey and others will be un-
able to avoid shameful deaths as
did Roraback and Head to pay
the blood debts they incurred
with the Vietnamese people."
Hertz was chief of the public
service administration in Saigon
of the U.S. Agency for Interna-
tional Development when he van-
ished on a motorbike ride Feb. 2,
1965. Guerrillas captured him on
a highway on Saigon's outskirts.
Afield, North Vietnamese gun-
ners shelled U.S. Marine and
South Vietnamese posts just be-
low the demilitarized zone.
Nine Marines were killed and
130 wounded by a barrage of
about 100 mortar shellsgand
rockets at Khe Sanh, in the
northwest corner of South Viet-
nam. There also were some casual-
ties among the South Vietnamese.
Jet planes and artillery hit at the
suspected enemy positions. Results
The U.S. 1st Infantry Division
closed out Operation Billings, a
14-day search-and-destroy opera-
tion centered 45 miles north of
Saigon. Spokesman said 347 of
the enemy and 45 Americans had
Administration officials said
they had studied carefully Hus-
sein's speech Monday to the UN
General Assembly in which they
found no surprises. Hussein, speak-
ing for the Arab people, called for
condemnation of Israel as an ag-
gressor and requested that it im-
mediately return the occupied ter-
ritories to the three defeated'
countries: Egypt, Syria and Jor-
There was no sign of a con-
structive proposal for the future
in Hussein's speech, but there was
no repetition either of the Arab
contention that the Arabs could
not talk about peace directly with
the Israelis. This omission, if it
was deliberate, might be signifi-
cant, some officialsbelieve.
Hussein accused Israel of having
attacked his country. American
sources are not so sure. To the
contrary, there seems to be enough
evidence that Israel notified Jor-
dan it would not start hostilities
against her if Hussein did not join
Egypt in the war.
On the other side of the coin, of-
ficials explained that Hussein
probably could not have remained
aloof, at least not without risking
his own life. The king must have
remembered the fate of his grand-
father, King Abdullah. He was
killed in the presence of Hussein,
then a young boy, in 1948, when
Abdullah was believed to have
tried to make peace with Israel
after the first Arab-Israeli war.
In addition, two factors likely
made it impossible for Hussein to
follow an independent course.
The first was Egyptian control
of the Gulf of Aqaba, which meant
Cairo's complete control of the
Port of Aqaba, Jordan's only outlet
to the sea.
The second was that Hussein put
his armed forces under Egyptian'
command May 30 when the two
countries entered into a military
alliance committing Jordan to at-
tack Israel if hostilities broke out
between Israel and Egypt.
Hussein charged yesterday that
Israel "meddled with" his conver-
sations with President Gamal Ab-
del Nasser of Egypt to provide
false versions tending to show
American and British forces were
involved in the Middle East war.
A spokesman said the Israelis
took sentences out of context, put'
them hack tongther hv nlicing the
being attacked by a large number
of Israeli planes."
In addition to championing the
Arab cause, Hussein is expected to
ask Johnson for three types of
1. Most urgently, aid to refugees
who left-or were forced to leave,
as the Arabs contend-Jordan's
territory west of the Jordan River
occupied by Isreal. The United
States already has sent four chart-
ered planes with 5,000 tents, worth
more than half a million dollars,
and other relief supplies will be
2. The question of continued
economic aid. The expectation is
that Hussein's country will receive
the $30 million earmarked for the
coming fiscal year.
3. Continued military aid. Most
of Jordan's 300 tanks and 50 air-
planes supplied by Britain and the
United States are believed to have
been destroyed or captured by Is-
rael during the war.
NEW ORLEANS P)-William
Gurvich, termed a double agent
by Dist. Atty. Jim Garrison, was
subpoenaed by the Orleans Parish
grand jury to tell what he knows
today about Garrison's investiga-
tion of the Kennedy assassination.
Grand Jury Foreman Albert V.
LaBiche said he had issued the
subpoena for Gurvich Tuesday aft-
er receiving a telegram from the
detective asking a chance to tes-
Gurvich has become tough in
his insistence that Dist. Atty. Jim
Garrison abandon his investiga-
tion of President Kennedy's assas-
"I don't care to exploit the
incident that- occurred in 1963
over in Texas," says Gurvich.
The truth, he adds, "is that
Garrison has no case."
Until recently the 42-year-old
investigator has been a close con-
fidant of Garrison, who began
his inquiry into the Dallas, Tex.,
assassination of President Kenne-
Although Garrison now claims
Gurvich had only a minor part
in the probe, Gurvich was-until
his defection-the chief investiga-
tor for the district attorney. Gur-
vich admits he technically did
not have such a title but in fact
was chief investigator.
Way of Life
Investigative work has been Gur-
vich's way of life since he was a
small child. His father, an ex-
FBI agent, opened a detective
agency and patrol service here
37 years ago.
Gurvich's brothers-Louis and
Leonard-who operate the family
business today, were also called
before the. jury. The elder Gur-
vich died during World War II
when William was in the service.
"Bill looks like the movie type
of private eye," says Jack, Demp-
sey, veteran police reporter for
the New Orleans States-Item.
"He's a good dresser, articulate
and debonair . . . with a certain
kind of class you don't find in
Gurvich says his work is a far
cry from the sleuthing shown on
the movie and television screens.
"Lots of unglamorous and down-
right dull research and investiga-
tive work," is the way he puts it.
"You don't always see the bright
side of life," he added. "Some-
times children are involved and
narcotics or immorality may play
Gurvich, says Dempsey, "is a
good, thorough investigator who
will expend a lot of time and
effort on a case. He won't seek the
easy way out."
Dempsey says he's puzzled by
Gurvich's claims that he has
thought Garrison was off base
with his investigation since Janu-
ary. The reporter said Gurvich,
both on and off the record, had
claimed earlier the probe was on
"very solid ground."
Gurvich's relations with the
New Orleans Police Department
are good. "He's worked with us
on a number of cases," said Po-
lice Capt. Marvin Leonard. "He
really risked his life one time. He's
dapper, clean cut and a fine gen-
The Michigan, Daily
For The Summer Term,
mm. mmm. m . .........nm.m.......w . m.i .......ww..in....mW .........
Yes, I would like to be a subscriber to THE MICHIGAN DAILY. I agree
~ to be billed later.
$2.00 for each term
($2.50 if by mail)
MAIL THIS COUPON to THE MICHIGAN DAILY, 420 Maynard St.,
Ann Arbor, Mich. 48104
(Please Print) Last Name First Name Middle Initial