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Editorials printed in T he Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers
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SDAY, JULY 14, 1960
NIGHT EDITOR: KATHLEEN MOORE
Tease Tarnished Image
VEN BEFORE THE Los Angeles conven-
tion's colorful events began to underline
he Democrats' approach to nominating a
ikely candidate for President, a pattern of
eaction formation began to emerge.
It centers around a shift in emphasis con-
erning a long-standing contrast. Since 1952,
he Democrats have run a liberal intellectual
--Adlai Stevenson--against former war hero
nd sometime educator Dwight Eisenhower,
who has proved a President whose conditioned
:onservatism borders on indecision,
It has been said that Eisenhower's over-
rhelming popularity with the American voter
.ay in his personality-the genial smile and
eputation for leadership which made colum-
sists predict in 1952 that whichever party
rafted him, Ike would win both the nomina-
ion and the election.
The image that twice swept Eisenhower into
ffice is notibly tarnished now. The grin on
he "I Like. Ike" button looks fatuous rather
han reassuring, and the public (whose un-
asiness with Ike's administrative amorphous-
less was reflected in increasingly solid Demo-
ratic Congresses) will remember him as a
nan who had difficulty getting through a tele-
( DISCREPANCY BETWEEN a President's
administrative record and his image while
n office is not unusual. Truman, for instance,
s regarded more favorably in retrospect than
t the end of his second term. This dichotomy
vill presumably operate differently in Eisen-
.ower's case, however.
Unearthing of Presidential feet of clay has,
uriously enough, thrown a clear light of con-
Ltency on Democratic platform policy-and
The Democratic convention in California
leans heavily to liberlism-and intellectuals.
In remarks prefacing the civil rights debate
with Sen. John Kennedy, golden boy of the
convention to that point, Sen Lyndon Johnson
introduced his opponent as "a man of out-
standing character . . . and great . . ." he
paused. "Personal integrity," chorused a few
television spectators, anticipating the inevit-
able. ". . . Intellect," finished' Johnson.
Kennedy has written books, lately. His East-
ern accent and social position leave him vul-
nerable to the same "egghead" charges levelled
at Adlai Stevenson, dark horse of the conven-
tion even after two failures against Ike. But
the connotations of intellectualism have shift-
ed-it's now an important Democratic talking
point against the current Republican admin-
istration, including the pre-convention GOP
favorite, Vice-President Richard Nixon.
WILL THE REPUBLICANS retain confidence
that the combination of charm and per-
sonal diplomacy that made Ike popular for
nearly two terms will work for Nixon? The
public is by this time at least partly disillus-
ioned by the dark side of the image.
If the Republicans do indeed intend to eke
out Ike's "lame duck" record besides building
on his appealing aspects, time is short. Pre-
convention Republican campaigning has been
half-hearted since Nelson Rockefeller failed
into the background.
Nixon's intellectual pretensions have been
wisely curtailed, but he and his party may well
take a warning from the Democrats that his
previous record is not sufficient grounds for
election-and if the public doesn't know this,
"And Now the News from Moscow, Havana, Africa,
Asia, Newport ..
- .- /
Communist-dominated and there-
DOES OBVIOUS control have
to be demonstrated from without,
or does obvious allegiance to and
reliance upon international Com-
munism become enough?
Allegiance and reliance are al-
ready being demonstrated. Domi-
nation has not been. In a concept
such as that outlined by the Presi-
dent, in the specific Cuban appli-
cation the trouble will come in
drawing the dividing line between
domination and cooperation.
With Russia stepping in at every
point to counter the United States,
with Castro's fervent thanks filling
th eair, with Nikita Khrushchev
reminding what he can do to the
United States with rockets, the
situation already is far more con-
crete than a previous one in which
the United States acted directly.,
IN GUATEMALA there was only
an underground alliance between
a locally - produced government
and international Communism. An
underground alliance between the
United States and a locally-pro-
duced revolutionary group did the
the job. That case was much
The President said the Soviet
intention to use Cuba is clear, and
intervention of a sort which falls
under inter-American treaty obli-
gation to resist outside interven-
If, then, the first intention to
bar international Communism
from the hemisphere is to be at-
tempted, the time has already ar-
Unfortunately, it arrives at a
time when the President already
was under obligation to produce
proposals for expansion of United
States and under new organiza-
tional procedure for a unified
Latin American development pro-
* * *
HIS ANNOUNCEMENT of what
he expects to do puts pressure on
Cuba not to be left out. But it also
will be interpreted in some quar-
ters as an attempt to coerce other
Latin American countries into
cooperating against Cuba. And
there is already a division in Mex-
ico over which side to take.
At any rate this means months
and months of negotiations, and
there are no months to spare. The
situation calls for, and probably
will get, other action, probably
through cooperation between the
United States and Great Britain.
INTERPRETING THE NEWS:
U. Must Act i Cuba
To Stop Communism
By J. M. ROBERTS
Associated Press News Analyst
PRESIDENT EISENHOWER has now accepted international Com-
munisn4 not merely as a force at work in the world, but as an
entity, a power which can be barred from the Western hemisphere
even as other world powers are barred.
The problem is to define this international power, recognize it, and
act against it before it becomes established.
In the specific application of the coacept to Cuba, as the President
was doing, how far does the Castro regime have to go in Communist
practice, and in cooperation with Soviet Russia, before it is considered
The Daily Official Bulletin is an
official publication of The Univer-
sity of Michigan for which The
Michigan Daily assumes no edi-
torial responsibility. Notices should
be sent in TYPEWRITTEN form to
Room 3519 Administration Build-
ing, before 2 p.m. two days preced-
THURSDAY, JULY 14, 1960
VOL. LXX, NO. 17S
Fuibright Awards for University Lec-
turing and Advanced Research have
been announced for Europe, the Near
East, the Far East, and Africa.Those
applying must be U.S. citizens; for lec-
turing, must have at least one year of
college or- university teaching experi-
ence; and for research, a doctoral de-
gree, or recognized professional stand-
ing, at the time of, application. Appli-
cation, forms may be obtained from
the Conference Board of Associated
Research Councils, Committee of In-
ternational Exchange of Persons, 2101
Constitution Ave., Washington 25, D.C.
Deadline for filing an application is
Oct. 1, 1960. Further information may
be obtained at the Fellowship Office is
the Graduate School. -
Classical Studies Coffe Hour: Thurs.,
July 14, East Conference Room of the
Rackham Building, 4 p.m. All studenty
and friends of the Classics are cordially
Mathematics=Education: There will be
a showing of several mathematical
movies designed for teachers and for
collegiate instruction, Thurs., July 14.
at 7:00 p.m., in room 2003 Angell Hall.
Lecture: Prof. Hugh. McLean, Uni.
versity of Chicago, will discuss "Zosh-
chenko and the Soviet Conscience" at
4:10 p.m. in Aud. A.
Doctoral Examination for James Ar-
thur Marshall, Chemistry; thesis: "Ap-
proaches to the Synthesis of Pimaric
Acid," Thurs., July 14. 3003 Chemistry
Bldg., at 2:00 p.m. Chairman, R. E.
The following schools have listed
teaching vacancies for the 1960-61
Birmingham, Mich.-Sr. HS Home Ec.,
Shop (Wood & Metal).
Cincinnati, .-Full time male coun-
selor (Jr. & Sr. HS) .
Detroit, Mich. (Methodist Children's
Village)-Men's Phys. Educ.
Dowagiac, Mich.-HS eng.; Jr. HS
Math; .Elem. (5 & 6), Vocal, Sci.
Drayton Plains, Mich. (Waterford
Twp.)-Latin/Civics, 7th All, Subjects,
Gen. Bus./Bus. Arithmetic, Math/Sc14;
Spec. Educ. (Ment. Ret.).
Guilford, N.Y.-Guidance Counselor.
For any additional information con-,
tact the Bureau of Appointments, 3528
Admin. Bldg., NO 3-1511, Ext. 489.
(Continued on Page 3)
Bly DREW PEARSON
Regents Open Meetings, Almost
WE WERE ALMOST happy with the (Minne-
sota) Board of Regents decision Friday on
osed meetings. Almost, because the decision is
ill only a half measure.
Usual procedure for a Regents meeting is to
ass out beforehand a docket containing promo-
ions, terminations, contract applications, lists
f grants, funds and other business needing
In open session the Regents go through the
ocket, rubber - stamping the items on the
Then the Regents go into executive session-
secret meeting-to discuss matters that, for
1e reason or another, are considered to be
etter discussed privately, out of hearing of
1e public, as represented by newsmen.
rHE OBJECTION to this procedure is that
the Regents are transacting public business
zprivate. There is no suggestion that the
egents are pocketing public funds or hiding
.competence. But they are keeping the public
from being informed on the reasons for what
is being done with the public's money.
Friday's decision brings more of the closed
docket items into open session, with a tendency,
(Minnesota) President 0. Meredith Wilson
said, "to withhold little or nothing."
But that "little or nothing" includes initial
discussion of problems involving staff and fac-
ulty, to "protect" them. It also includes "famil-
ial discussion" for information and meetings
with "academic implications.'"
In other words, much important business
will go on as it has, with the public being in-
formed after the fact, and with no real chance
for public discussion of Regent action.
President Wilson said Friday, "the implica-
tion that anything has been withheld from the
public would be a false implication."
But until the meetings are completely open,
the public has no choice but to be curious about
what goes on behind those closed doors.
-THE MINNESOTA DAILY
LOS ANGELES-Sometimes in
politics people get kicked in
the shins for doing what they
didn't do, and belted over the
head for being what they're not.
To some extent this is true of
the two top candidates, Lyndon
Johnson and Jack Kennedy, re-
garding the two top issues facing
On the question of foreign af-
fairs, Kennedy has been criticized
as inexperienced and uncourage-
ous. On the other top problem, the
race issue, Johnson has been
called soft on civil rights,
As I have watched these two
men in the Senate, I would say
that Kennedy has had great cour-
age on foreign policy. I do not
agree with Mrs. Roosevelt. He
even lead the unpopular fight for
foreign aid to the satellite coun-
tries against the position taken
by many of his own churchmen.
Johnson, on the other hand,
has generally taken the easy
course on foreign affairs. He has
gone along with Ike's downward
skidding foreign policy, andal-
most every time Ike has skidded
further into a rut, Lyndon has
slapped him on the back and
wrapped the bi-partisan flag
around his shoulders.
HOWEVER, WHEN IT comes
to solving the most important do-
mestic problem facing the United
States, it is my opinion that John-
son would do a courageous, con-
structive job in ironing out the
bitterness that has upset the
Many Negro leaders have been
critical of Johnson. Their criti-
cism isn't half as virulent as that
of his own Southern friends when
he bulldozed the civil rights bill
through the Senate last winter.
This was only the second civil
rights bill in history to be adopted,
and Johnson wasblargely respon-
sible for passing both.
This brought cries of outrage
from the South.'
"Lyndon Johnson becomes eye-
sore in United States politics,"
wrote the Mobile Register. "Smart
Johnson maneuver may hurt him
in South," criticized the Pensa-
cola Journal, while the Florida
Times Union editorialized: "South
grows crop of Machiavellis." . . .
"The second face of Lyndon," wa§
the way the Augusta, Ga., Chron-
icle described Johnson. The Ma-
con, Ga., Telegraph advised
"South should look about for
Johnson replacement." .* . The
Jackson (Miss.) News was the
most vitriolic of all. Its editorial
was captioned: "Lyndon Johnson,
the traitor." . . The Columbia
(S.C.) State called Lyndon's civil
rights move a "slick trick," while
the Anderson (S.C.) Independent
warned: "Lyndon Johnson could
outsmart himself." . . . and the
Nashville Banner, putting John-
son in the same category as "such
highbinders as Humphrey, Doug-
las, Javits, and Morse," said "to-
day the South sees Johnson for
what he is."
WHAT'S NEEDED TO solve the
racial problem is statesmanship
and understanding. Johnson has
THE ROOSEVELT family, ex-
who bolted to the Republicans,
has stood like a rock together be-
hind the same candidates. The
issue of Jack Kennedy, however,
split the family wide open.
The matriarch, Eleanor Roose-
velt, made her opposition to Sen.
Kennedy quite clear in her Sat-
urday Evening Post series March
8, 1958, when she said Kennedy
had dodged the issue of McCar-
thyism. Later, on ABC's College
Press Conference, she was even
"It has seemed to me that what
you want in your next President
was someone whose courage in
taking stands was unquestioned.
I don't think I need repeat here
what I have said about Sen. Ken-
nedy a great many times."
Mrs. ROOSEVELT'S third son,
Franklin Jr., soon deserted his
mother and came out for Ken-
nedy. It's been widely reported
that he will be Secretary of the
Navy in the Kennedy cabinet.
Later Mrs. Roosevelt's eldest son,
Jimmy, also deserted. He too came
out for Kennedy.
Anyway, the head of the Roose-
velt family is still standing pat
EVEN IF SOVIET RUSSIA mo-
bilizes its entire tanker fleet
to rush crude oil to Fidel Castro's
Cuba, it will not prevent a critical
shortage in the island republic.
At present, Cuban petroleum
needs total about 250,000 barrels
a month. The most the Russians
can deliever on a crash-program
basis is somewhat less than 180,
000 barrels monthly.
Previously, venezuela provided
almost 97 per cent of Cuban oil
supplies. These have now been
FIDEL'S AGENTS HAVE been
busily negotiating behind the
scenes to obtain crude oil from
Mexico and Iraq. Result of the
dickers is still unknown, but un-
committed surpluses of those two
countries, as of June 1, added up
to only about 20,000 barrels a
A shortage of 50-70,000 barrels
per month would force Castro to
ration gasoline drastically. Ha-
vana sources say this would mean
cutting private car owners to five
gallons a week or less, with even
that driblet in jeopardy every
timea tanker was delayed a few
days en route to Cuba.
* * *
THE REASON WHY private
autos would take the full brunt
of such rationing is that Castro
cannot afford to curtail the sup-
ply of fuel oil, which operates
nearly every industrial plant in
the country. In addition, Castro's
army will need heavy supplies of
gasoline for its motorized forces.
TODAY AND TOMORROW
The Quiet Democrats
[OR A DEMOCRATIC convention tl
exceptionally quiet and undramati
s Armageddon? Where are the i
clashes, the sectional conflicts, and
ional duels which have so regularly in
nade the Democratic convention such
show? For the old timers there is s
nissing, and presumably therefore' th
be something wrong, especially in vie
'act that the convention is nominatin
roversial young man in a time of u
What is the explanation of this unu
uzzling harmony? There are those wh
t by the devil theory of politics. In1
heory everything you do not like is di
dnister machinations of a hidden co
e it the Communists, the Catholics,
ons, the Jews, the Wall Street ban]
Inited Nations, or Walter Reuther.
evil theorists anything they are op
nust have been plotted, paid for, anr
rut by an enemy. The whole history o
ie long unceasing battle with con
ngineered by the devil and his agent
For those who see life in this way
ence of conflict at Los Angeles me
nly mean, that the convention has bee
hat the delegates have been bought
.nd seduced by young Kennedy and his
noney. The result, they say, is a preter
1 REJECT this view is not to forget
Kennedy campaign has been rough
uppose that he has collected his dele
othing but polite persuasion and th
werable briefing of the professors frt
ard and the Massachusetts Institutec
By WALTER LIPPMANN I
his one is tactics when the game of politics is played to
c. Where win. The Kennedy tactics do not differ from
deological the tactics Nixon has used to push aside Rocke-
the per- feller. It would be naive to suppose that money
the past and its equivalent in the promise of favors to
h a great come is not used in the game of politics.
omething But these tactics have always been employed
ere must when there was a real contest because the
w of the succession was open. Johnson is no mean tac-
g a con- tician himself, and he certainly does not lack
worldwide money. The rigging theory does not explain
the quiet of this convention.
o explain THE EXPLANATION, I venture to think, must
the devil begin by recognizing that 1960 marks the
ue to the passing of the old political generation and the
nspiracy, appearance of the new. With Eisenhower and
the Ma- Truman the generation of the war leaders is
kers, the retired, and the generation of those who were
For the in the war but too young to command-Ken-
posed to nedy and Nixon-are taking over.
d carried The harmony at Los Angeles about Kennedy
f man is can best be explained by looking at the part
ispiracies played by Adlai Stevenson. He is, one might say,
s. a younger member of the older generation. It
the ab- was his refusal to enter a combination to block
ans, can Kennedy, and not the rigging of the conven-
n rigged, tion, which brought about the stampede to
father's The comparative harmony on issues, which
naturally have in the past divided the party irreconcil-
ably, is due, I believe, to the passage of time.
The party has not settled all its issues. But it
that the has outgrown them to a point where, especially
1, and to in the field of civil rights, there has been an
gates by enormous change of feeling in the younger gen-
e unan- eration.
om Har- Above all, in place of the old issues there are
of Tech- newone-rul o.r,.,,d f1,.. h. i,' f
By ARTHUR EDSON
Associated Press Feature Writer
CONVENTION HALL, Los Angeles - TelePrompTer has grown up.
Now it not only tells a politician what he wants to say; it also gives
"Eight years ago," Irving B. Kahn, ahead prompter, said yesterday,
"we literally had to sneak in the back door. Iow-."
Well, 4ow every speaker clings to TelePrompTer as eagerly as he
embraces a cliche. He goes up to TelePrompTer headquarters in the Bilt-
more Hotel and practices with the thing, complete with gestures,
Seven stenographers are ready to type the scarcely immortal words.
Motorcycle riders stand by, alert to race the finished product to the big
And, as if that weren't enough, during the balloting the cumulative
score is flashed by TelePrompTer to the big 10 by 16 foot screen at the
front of the hall. In previous years, each delegate had to figure things
out for himself, which is messy, inaccurate and asking quite a bit of
Conventions Usher in New Era
By JAMES MARLOW
Associated Press News Analyst
L OS ANGELES-The 1960 polit-
ical conventions, although they
figure to be the dullest in years,
are in a very real sense part of
the birth pangs of a new and rev-
It will be a double revolution:
In men and events.
1) Almost everywhere around
the world before the end of the
1960's a new, younger generation
of men will have become the new
leaders, none of whom was a dom-
inant figure only 15 years ago
when World War II ended,
2) The struggle between the
United States and Communism
has within the past few months
entered a new, intense and un-
through retirement or through
the disability or death which is
the product of old age.
President Eisenhower's term
ends six months from now. Time
eventually will force out such
others as France's President Char-
les de Gaulle, West Germany's
Chancellor Konrad Adenauer, Na-
tionalist China's Chiang Kai-
Shek, Red China's Mao Tse-Tung,
India's Premier Nehru, and even
Russia's Premier Nikita Khrush-
Even if Nixon, should he be
elected President, were inclined
to follow Eisenhower's conserva-
tive policy at home and Eisen-
hower's foreign policy, which was
simply an extension of former
Pr.cria .._r _,Io nv, if" .n,
THERE WILL BE the task of
devising some new means, hardly
considered necessary until very
recently, to keep the new repub-
lics of Africa out of Communism;
to prevent Communist from get-
ting ahead in weapons; to stand
off Red China which in these next
10 years will probably become
powerful and aggressive in a way
In these next 10 years, unless
the signs are wrong, the world
may be in a turmoil yet un-
Actually, these past 10 years-
for the Communist world-were
only a decade of preparation for
the decade of the 1960's.
IT MAY COME as a shock that one of the greatest innovations
since the invention of the campaign promise must be credited to a man
rarely celebrated for his political daring, especially in Democratic circles.
I refer, of course, to Herbert Hoover.
In 1952 Hoover was having spectacle trouble, or was afraid he
would have spectacle trouble. He heard about TelePrompTer, decided
to take a chance, and Irving Kahn was on his way.
It may not have occurred to you, but history was made Tuesday
night in the Democratic national convention.
MRS. ELEANOR ROOSEVELT came into the big hall. Loud cheers
Gov. Leroy Collins of Florida, valiantly trying to plow through a
speech no one seemed to be listening to, hid to stop altogether. Puzzled,
he peered into the bright lights, wondered what had happened.
An alert spy spotted Mrs. R. down below the stage, a message was
hastily written, "Mrs. Roosevelt came in."
This message was flashed to the rostrum by the television Tele-
PrompTer, and Collins was able to acknowledge the presence of, as he
so graciously put it, "the First Lady of the world."
"It's the first time it's ever happened," Kahn said proudly.
* * * i
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