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June 29, 1960 - Image 2

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aw SicI an Bah{y
Seventieth Year
-.. EDITED AND MANAGED BY STUDENTS OF THE UNIVERSr " OF MICHIGAN
1 Opinions Are Free UNDER AUTHORITY OF BOARD IN CONTROL OF STUDENT PUBLICATIONS
utb STUDENT PUBLICATIONS BLDG. ; ANN ARBOR, MIcH. * Phone NO 2-3241
torials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers
or' the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.

A

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&T RACKHAM:
Stanley Quartet: Warm
Brahms, Hot Violin
FROM THE FIRST notes of Mozart's Quartet, K. 428, fit was ap-
parent that Stuart Canin is the hottest thing in Rackham this
summer.
The visiting first violinist with the Stanley Quartet is a most
welcome guest. His tone is less edgy than that of Gilbert Ross, whom
he replaces; it is warm, bright, full.
In chordal passages he provides a top which is brilliant without
being harsh and is beautifully balanced with the other instruments.
In passages where he plays a solo against the others, he is fluent and
cleanly phrased. And I just must mention, as one of the most beautiful

//

AY, JUNE 29, 1960

NIGHT EDITOR: ANDREW HAWLEY

KN

Football Contract Squabbles
Tarnish Yesterday's Heroes

1)

/

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NE OFTEN HEARS today's youth charged
with a lack of basic morality.
This contention has been argued and will
continue to be discussed as long as youth exist
on the earth. And ultimate responsibility for
this condition, if it exists, cannot be placed
upon one group of people exclusively.
However, the youth of tomorrow learn from
the conduct of the youth of today, especially
the outstanding youth of today. Athletes are
perhaps most subject to this hero-worship,
particularly the college athletes who supposed-
ly have combined physical accomplishment
with higher educational achievement.
And so it should gravely concern those in-
terested in the future of this nation's moral.
basis and also in the present state of youth's
conscience to read of contract squabbles be-
tween ex-college grid stars and professional
football teams.
Reports of payoffs under the table to col-
lege football players at many institutions are
always cropping up. And now for the past few
years court contests between rivalling profes-
sional football companies have turned these
young men into legal footballs, each company
fighting for the player's services and each
claiming the star had a contract with its team.
B UT THE DISGUSTING part of the out-
comes of these court cases is that the col-
lege graduate who signed agreements with
more than one company comes out without a
scar. He has committed an unethical if not
Illl act in agreeing to play for more than
one team, each believing the athlete was sign-
ing in good faith. Although courts have dis-
missed the less favorable contract, leaving the
grid star with the best deal for his yet un-
proven services, many judges tend to agree
with the opinion given in the Billy Cannon
case that Louisiana State All-America Can-
non seemed "awfully naive for a college sen-
ior.-
Certainly there are pressures from the pro
teams to get the star players under contract
as soon as possible. They know they are mak-
ing an athlete ineligible for further amateur
participation when they sign the player, and
if this is before the season is completed, in-
eligible for further season games.
MAX LERNER . ,~
QuickyHonora
SETDOWN an undying item for the annals
of American higher education. On the last
day of his Hawaiian stay President Eisenhower
got an honorary Doctor of Laws from the Uni-
versity of Hawaii. But to spare him the half-
hour's drive to the university, the president, re-
gents and faculty of that institution of learn-
Ding came to the Officer's Club at Kanehoe,
"just a stone's throw from the golf links" (I
quote Harrison Salisbury's New York Times re-
port), and presented him with the degree at
the club bar and dining room.
The whole ceremony was accomplished "in
the record-breaking time of two minutes thirty
seconds." Just about as long, one reckons, as it
would take to tee off, or perhaps to sink an im-
portant putt.
I do not intend this mockingly. I have never
Joined in the harrying of President Eisenhow-
ers golf involvement, which he may need for
health. My quarrel is with the university's of-
ficials for coming obsequiously to the club to
confer the quickie degree, and with the con-
tempt this shows for the life of the mind, on
their part and the President's. Nothing in
President Eisenhower's trip to Asia became him
as badly as the ending of it.
WH AT MAKES IT worse is that the Presi-
dent was ending a trip whose crisis point
was in a real sense an intellectual one. The
army that iniflicted a disastrous defeat on him
in Tokyo was an army of students and profes-
sors. Although spurned and manipulated by
Cm mnist leadership their Conscious values
are intellectual, and the decisive battle in their
minds will be between the image of an Ameri-
can and the image of a Russian society.

The weapons that Americans will have to
use in their struggle for prestige in Asia are
not those of the golf links and the officers club
bar but those of the intellect. To clock off an
honorary degree in two minutes thirty seconds,
as if it were a filly running a mile, is a dis-
service to intellectual values and therefore
to the value of the mind.

YET THE FACT remains that the athletes,
are supposed to be college seniors with at
least a small degree of common sense which
tells them that it is impossible to play for two
teams at the same time and that once a con-
tract has been signed there is an obligation on
the player's part to fulfill it.
The actions of these sought-after athletes
are inexcusable.
Portraying them as innocent babes in the
woods, naive to the ways of the world and the
laws and ethics which govern it, certainly
stretches one's credulity. That a college grad-
uate, or most people for that matter, could
believe he could sign as many contracts as
he wanted and then choose the best, regard-
less of the other commitments, is almost in-
conceivable,
THE COURT DECISIONS have reinforced
maneuverings, and since their days of col-
lege had already passed before it was found
they had signed professional contracts, there
is no action that can be taken against the
athletes for that violation.
The moral of these cases seems to be that a
freshly shaven young college man with an air
of naivete (and a smart lawyer with a tearful
voice) can maneuver the laws to suit his own
whims. Dishonesty and unethical conduct have
been condoned.
Although these individuals may have prof-
ited from their legal battles in terms of money,
the nation's youth have lost. For the adnmira-
tion which these athletes gained in college is
still present. The examples which they have
set will not be questioned by their admirers.
THESE COLLEGE GRADUATES are playing
the rough game of life and while their
actions as individuals might be criticized, this
game is filled with court squabbles just as
distasteful and to the credit of neither side.
But these young men must also be considered
representative of college athletics-the heroes
and idols of many youth-and as such one
can only find disgust for their unethical ac-
tions.
--MICHAEL BURNS

,,
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moments in many evenings of mu-
sic, his short phrase with mute in
the first movement of the Proko-
fleff.
Also with us for the summer is
Paul Olefsky, regular 'cellist with
the Detroit Symphony. He is fa-
miliar to Ann Arbor residents from
previous visits with the quartet. I
much enjoyed his treatment of
Prokofieff.
THE MOZART Quartet, which
opened the program, is a delight,
It combines the humor usually
associated with Haydn with the
slightly greater touch of musician-
ship which is pure Mozart.
It was a hot night in Rackham,
but the performers managed to
confine their intonation diffi-
culties to the second movement.
In the fast movements they play-
ed well. The incredible, gentle
humor of the last one was beauti-
fully projected.
Next was the Quartet Opus 50
by Prokofieff. This spot on the
program is usually reserved for a
modern type work, as which this.
piece does not serve too well. It is
almost classically diatonic; well,
at least romantically so; its most
modern element would seem to he
the use of the cyclical method of
composition, following Franck.
The work hangs together better
than many of those of the French
composer, however, perhaps be-
cause instead of merely repeating
an earlier theme in a later mnove-
ment when running short of ma-
terial, he treats each movement
as a development of the main.
thematic idea.
THE WAY IN WHICH the quar-
tet had warmed up and mellowed
in the slow sections of the Pro-
kofleff presaged good Brahms to
end the concert.
There is not much to say about
the performance of Quartet Opus
51, No. 2 save that it was good,
warm Brahms. What a composer!
He calls the third movement "qua-
si minuetto." And who else could
so subtly disguise so simple a
rhythm? It was a minuet in fact,
but I'd hate to waltz to it.
Brahms is proof that sophistica-
tion can be beautiful.
One should hear the quartet
once this summer if possible,
especially since they will be in-
active next year.
-J. Philip Benkard

INTERPRETING:
Talks Must
Aid Russ ia
By J. M. ROBERTS
Associated Press News Analyst
THE WORLD is asking why
Soviet Russia~ still talking
about coexistence despite her
scuttling of the summit. confer-
ence, chooses to cut off still an-
other avenue of communication
with the West through her walk-
out on disarmament negotiations.
One answer may be that she
just wasn't getting anywhere.
Despite a bad case of jitters
resulting from their own fumbling,
the record of the last two years
shows that the Western powers
have not been falling for either
the blandishments or the threats
of Moscow.
WHEREVER the Communists
have probed, against Berlin,
against Formosa, against NATO
through disarmament and coex-
istence, the Allies have proved
unyielding.
President Eisenhower now virtu-
ally admits the major initiative of
his peace campaign has come to
an end.
France is preoccupied with a
new attempt to settle the Algferian
revolt.
Prime Minister Harold Mac-
millan's foreign policy, to keep
probing for a means of compro-
mise between East and West, has
come to a dead end, at least for
the time being.
THUS, AT A TIME when the
West seriously needs a new initia-
tive to offset the Soviet charges
that the United States has dealt
recklessly with peace, nothing is
in sight.
the Communists, withr no time
limit, knowing that they will not
be attacked by the democracies,
can just keep probing for some-
thing which will encourage re-
opening of negotiations in the
hope of Soviet profit. And if that
profit doesn't develop, they'll quit
again.

,. 4s.1+deti Ts.:
TODAY AND TOMORROW:
Nixon's Growthmanship Game

r Degree

I

By WALTER LIPPMANN
LAST WEEK at St. Louis the
Vice-President announced that
"we are now engaged in what will
become, before this year is out, a
major national debate over the
subject of economic growth."
Who will be debating with
whom, and about what? According
to Mr. Nixon. while we are all in
favor of growth, the critics of the
Administration, namely Gov.
Rockefeller and the leading Demo-
crats, are not to be taken seriously.
For they are playing "the most
fashionable parlor game of our
time - a game that might well be
called 'growthmanship.'"
Just why do these playboys spend
so much time and energy on a
mere parlor game? It is because
they realize the great importance
of our slowed down rate of growth.
At our rate of growth in recent
years we are unable to meet our
public needs, to add to our de-
fenses, and at the same time to
keep on increasing private invest-
ment and to keep on raising the
civilian standard of life. We have
been producing less than we need
and less than our economy is cap-
able of producing.
FROM 1953, WHICH marked the
end of the Korea war boom,
through 1959, the average rate of
increase of output has been only
2.4 per cent. The average is low
because in those seven years there
were two recessions.
The netresult was that the
average rate of increase was less
than the average, three per cent,
from 1870 to 1930. Yet in these
seven years of sluggish growth,
the country has had the capacity
-it has had the labor, the capital
equipment, and the technical
know-how -- to grow at the rate of
at least four per cent,.

It may not seem like a big dif-
ference, to grow at an average
rate of less than three per cent or
to grow at an average of four #per
cent. But in an economy of 500
billion, it makes an enormous dif-
ference. Each percentage point of
increase is about five billion dol-
lars, and so the difference between
our recent average fate of 2.4 per
cent and the four per cent which
we are quite capable of is the dif-
ference between adding 12 billions
a year and adding 20 billions a
year to our wealth.
We have a rapidly growing
population. At only 12 billions in-
crease, we cannot spend more on
defense and on our public needs-
such as education and urban re-
development and scientific re-
search-without reducing the im-
provement in, perhaps without
cutting back, the civilian stand-
ard of life. But at four per cent
with 20 billions, we can afford to
do the things that reasonable
men, Including as we shall see
the Vice-President himself, think
should be done.
That is why concern with our
growth is not a parlor game.
JUDGING, BY HIS St. Louis
speech, Mr. Nixon does not under-
stand the problem. For after scoff-
ing at the popular interest in
growth, he concludes his own
speech with a broad general en-
dorsement of a large spending
program. That, at least, is what
he calls it when Gov. Rockefeller
and the Democrats propose the
same kind of program. Under his
auspices it ceases to be a spend-
ing program and it becomes "in-
vestment in the public sector."
He would invest in "our public
education establishments, in our
national transportation system, in
the renewal of our run down urban

IRONICALLY, the Honolulu report came on
the same day as one on a conference of
American educators concernet about the loss of
some of America's best young intellectual tal-
ents.
There were some startling and saddening
figures presented at the conference. Dr. John
Monro, Harvard College dean, pointed out that
of the academically-ables 30 per cent of Ameri-
can youngsters, only half the boys and one-
third of the girls finish college. The fallout is
about 400,000 a year.
Multiply this for a decade and you find that
Americans will lose four million of their ability
elite who will drop away from creative intellec-
tual pursuits in the 1960's. Conceivably this
could mean the difference between the survival
of open societies and their death. This fallout
could be as fatal for the future as the fallout of
thermonuclear radiation-and could lead to
it.
THERE IS LITTLE agreement on the reasons
for this intellectual fallout. But most people
who know the American educational system
would give three sets of reasons, although they
would differ on emphasis. One would stress the
deprivations and discriminations which keep
some of the best students out of the best col-
leges because of race, religion, and economic
incapacity. A nation can deal with this only
by changed attitudes, a changed income struc-
ture, and especially a deliberate policy of uni-
versity and federal scholarship aid.
The second would stress the motivations of
the students, and the failure of high schools
and colleges to release them. This can be dealt
with by experiments with new teaching tech-
niques which will evoke the impulses toward
continued learning.
The' third is the pulls of the larger society,
away from the intellectual life, and toward an
early marriage and an early well-paying job
before high school or college is finished. There
is no social action to deal with this except a
strong evxaluation set upon the intellectual
life. A family, community, or society that does
not deeply value the life of the mind cannot
expect its young people to sacrifice immediate
satisfaction for it.
DEAN MONRO rightly puts a good deal of
stress on the family's role. In families that

areas, in the development of our
natural and human resources, in
providing imaginative new leader-
ship for the exciting scientific and
technological revolution which will
dramatically change the whole
character of life in America and
the world in our lifetime:"
He goes on to say, as if he
thought he were Nelson Rockefel-
ler, John F. Kennedy, and Hubert
Humphrey rolled into one, that
"timidity in these areas would be
as detrimental to the national in-
terest as timidity in private in-
vestment."
* * *
IN THIS extraordinary passage
Mr. Nixon has adopted the do-
mestic program of his opponents.
But there is still a difference be-
tween him and the Democrats and
Gov. Rockefeller.
He does not say, and assuredly
he does not know, how to pay for
the expensive program which he
now advocates, for it cannot be
paid for unless there is a sub-
stantialrrise in the average rate of
growth except by cutting down on
private investment and on private
consumption. So if Mr. Nixon
wants his promises to the voters
to be taken seriously, he will have
to learn to play the parlor game of
growthmanship.
THERE IS ONE other feature of
the speech which calls for a few
words. In a long passage Mr.
Nixon talks about the Soviet rate
of growth, whichrhe puts at eight
per cent and our own which he
puts at three per cent. He then
says that the opposition critics
are proposing to raise the Ameri-
can rate to that of the Soviet's.
If the critics do that, they are
exaggerating. A sustained average
rate of four per cent would be
ample for us. Mr. Nixon says, too,
that the critics think, as Mr. K.
apparently believes, that the So-
viet economy will by 1970 catch
up with and surpass the American.
No serious American student of
this subject agrees with Mr. K.
What the serious critics say is
that the Soviet economy is about
half as big as the American and
that its rate of growth has recently
been at least twice that of the
American. This means that the an-
nual increment of new wealth --
which is available for military and
civilian purposes and for private
consumption - is about as large
in the Soviet Union as in the
United States.
(Thus call the United States eco-
nomy 100 and the USSR's 50. If
ours grows at about three per
cent, there is an increase of three.
If theirs grows at six per cent,
there is also an increase of three.)
* * *
NOW WITH EQUAL annual in-
crements the Soviet Union directs1
a larger portion than we do to
national purposes. To understand
the significance of this Mr. Nixon
need go no further than to the
studies of the CIA and the testi-
mony of Mr. Allen W. Dulles:
"The inajor thrust of Soviet eco-
nomic development and its high
technological skills and resources

AT THE CARILLON:
ITellchamber concert
Uses Trumpets, Choir

NT NORTHLAND PLAYHOUSE:
Sleazy, Sloppy 'Susan'
Disappoints A udience
FROM SLEAZY sets to sloppy acting to sappy conclusions, "Susan
and God," the current offering at the Northland Playhouse in
Detroit, is simply not a very good production.
Despite all the management has done to make the summer tent
theatre comfortable, it's what's on stage that counts most and the
opening night audience was not a happy one.
When the only laughter during comic scenes is on stage, the play's
in trouble.
FIRST OF ALL, the plot of "Susan and God" is thin at best and
its moral is threadbare. Rewoven with a few implausible situations and
some rather stale jokes, it concerns a self-centered woman who dis-
covers God-some of the "most important people" do-and brings her
own special brand of godliness home to foist on her friends.
In the end, of course, all is well because the heroine transforms
everyone, including herself, into nice people after all. This is poten-
tially mawkish and gets worse with overacting.
Some of the heavy-handedest acting ever seen graced this per-
formance. Coupled with stiffness that is unusual in a professional
company, the opening act was very strained. ,
Perhaps part of the problem lies in the acoustics which may present
-r.Fn ..4i.A r 4i.,U. 4.. , in nrintin4r-I. jhA 4a dr.i n i nt e cti niannot

SUNDAY EVENING'S nature and
art combined to provide one
of the most unique musical experi-
ences Ann Arbor will have for a#
long time.
The program was called a bell-
chamber concert for it demon-
strated how the carillon could be
combined with other instruments
and voices.
THE NUMBERS included three
compositions and six arrangements
by Percival Price, and a work
originally a capella to which Price
added an accompaniment. The
program opened with the rippling
tones of the Presto of the "Toc-
cata for Harpsichord in G Major,"
which has long been called the
"Bell" Toccata because its figures
so admirably suggest bells. This
name is well justified, for in the
transcription heard, it sounded as
if it had been composed for caril-
lon,
The duet which followed-Price's
"4th Rhapsody"-led us naturally
by opening in a simple 18th cen-
tury style, but as the work con-
tinued through four movements,
the style became more modern,
taking us through whole tone
scales, tonehclusters and rich
metallic dissonances unique to the
character of bell sounds.
* * *
IN THE NEXT number a new
tone color was introduced: the
clear sound of the solo trumpet--
first the high D instrument, then
the C, then the B-Flat. The sound
of the trumpet from aloft is more
arresting than heard on the
ground; we have lost something
from this instrument since it has
been taken down from the battle-
ments.
THE NEXT NUMBER presented
a mixed chorus in the tower, ac-
companied by carillon. The work,
Price's "The Song of the Bell," to
words by Longfellow, was com-

nizes the chorus with a recorded
accompaniment.
The artists who took part in
this concert deserve mention. not
only because theyperformed ex-
ceedingly well, but because they
did this under conditions to which
no one except the carillonneur
could have been accustomed.
Pitched at the edge of a 100-
foot drop, they had to follow their
parts with ten ton bells booming
around their shoulders and small-
er ones screaming overhead.
Still, we applaud it as a success,
and look forward to hearing more
concerts of this type during the
summer.
-Loretta Petrosky

11

DAILY

OFFICIAL
BULLETIN
The Daily Official Bulletin is an
official publication of The Univer-
sity of Michigan forwhich The
Michigan Daily assumes no, edi-
torial responsibility. Notices should
be sent in TYPEWRITTEN form to
Room 3519 Administration Build-
ing, before 2 p.m. two days preced-
ing publication.
WEDNESDAY, JUNE 29, 1960
VOL. LXX, NO. 75
General Notices
University of Michigan G r a d u a t e
Screening Examinations In French And
German: All graduate students desiring
to fulfill their foreign language re-
quirement by passing the written ex-
amination given by Prof. Lewis (for-
merly given ,by Prof. Hootkins) must
pass anhobjective screening examina-
tion. The next. administration of the
objective screening examination will
be on Wed., June 29, from 7 pm. until
9 p.m, in Aud. C, 'Angell Hall. Withini
48 hours after the examination the
names of the students wno have passed
will be" posted on the, Bulletin Board
outside the office of Prof. Lewis, Ex-
aminer in Foreign Languages, Room
3028, Rackham Bldg. Students desiring
to fulfill the Graduate School's re-

h Silpgau' Dily
Editorial Staff

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