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June 28, 1960 - Image 3

Resource type:
Michigan Daily, 1960-06-28

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Congress To Pass Bill on Medical Aid

Congress will soon pass an im-
portant piece of legislation con-
cerning medical care for the aged,
according to prof. Wilbur Cohen,
of the school of social work.
Speaking at the first of six sum-
mer Sunday evening programs at
the First Unitarian Church, Prof.
Cohen, who discussed "Socio-Eco-
nomic Problems Associated with
Medical Care for the Aged," said
the seriousness of the problem has
only recently become publicly rec-
ognized in this country.
"But the present dissatisfaction
is shared by young and old, and,
unlike most others, it cuts across
political, economic, and other
groups, except for a small core
of high-income people," he went
Both absolutely and propor-
tionally, the number of people
over 65 in the United States is
rising steadily, with a 1,000 per

day net increase. The percentage
of old people in our population
has more than doubled since 1900.
This and other points were 11-
lustrated in a pamphlet summariz-
ing views-on problems of the aged
and aging presented to a Senate
subcommittee by Prof. Cohen and
other experts.
A pair of graphs in this pamph-
let show that life expectancy in
the United States for persons over
65 has risen steadily in recent
years, especially for women.
The tendency for women to live
longer than men, coupled with the
fact that women usually marry
men, older than themselves, make
the average age of widowhood sur-
prisingly young-"05, to be exact,"
Prof. Cohen said. "There are more
and more widows among the aged,
and they must be provided for,,
since any large medical bills are
likely to exhaust whatever re-
sources they have to live on."

Machine May Surpass
Human Brain in Ability

An "adam" of the machine
world is theoretically possible.
At least that's what Prof. John
Myhill of Standford University
recently told a special University
class on computers.
The mathematician stid a ma-

... committee chairman

Local Woman
Heads Group
At Convention
A local woman will make Demo-
evratic Party history when the
national convention is held in
Mrs. Margaret Price of Ann
Arbor will report as chairman of
the Rules and Order of Business
Committee on the second day of
the meeting. She is the first wom-
an ever to head a major com-
mittee at a Democratic national
convention, and possibly at any
national convention.
Mrs. Price, who ran for the
office of state auditor general
twice, has been Michigan's Na-
tional Committeewoman since
In 1952 she second'ed the nomi-
nation of Gov. G. Mennen Wil-
liams for president at the national
National Committeeman Thomas
Quimby praised Mrs. Price's selec-
tion as a reflection of the Demo-
cratic party's consciousness of
woman's rightful role in politics.
Democrats have placed 29 wom-
en on their 102 - member state
delegation to the national con-
vention, as compared with three
out of 46 for the Republicans, he

chine that could reproduce itself,
making improvements in each
generation is theoretically pos-
sible. The machines would be built
in three parts-a builder, an in-
structor and a computer.
Would Build First
Man would build the first in
the limitless series of machines,
telling it to reproduce itself and
improve its offspring by making
its computer faster and more
The improvements would be
brought about, Prof. Myhill ex-
plained, through each machine's
,devising of better circuits. The
machines would be limited, he
said, to working with those parts
made available to it at the start
by man.
Prof. Myhil's self-reproducing
machine would also prove theor-
ems, with each succeeding gener-
ation capable of proving more
theorems and carrying out more
computations than their ances-
Idea Not New
Although the idea of self-re-
producing machines is not new,
that of a self-reproducing and
-improving one has never before
been published, according to Uni-
versity computer experts.
Like other self-reproducing ma-
chine theories, Prof. Myhill's as-
sumes that the proper parts will
be fed to his machines. They
would then select the parts and
assemble them correctly.
Unlike other self-reproducing
systems (or automata) his could
theoretically continue reproduc-
ing better versions of itself for-
Two Limitations
Prof. Myhill points out two
practical limitations to this; both
linked to increasing size:
1) Improvement eventually
would mean increased size, sug-
gesting a need for greater horse-
power and more motors to run
the automata.
2) As the automata grows in
size, more time would be needed
for signals to travel from oneM
component to another,
But these practical engineering
problems are beside the point,
Prof. Myhill said, until "we have
a definite physical realization" of
such automata in mind.
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"And very few aged people have
much income," he went on. "For
instance, 75 to 80 per cent of the
widows over 65 receive less than
$75 per month from social se-
Married couples, who have on
the average the highest retirement
income, are not much better off.
Thirty to thirty-five per cent of
them receive less than $100 per
On the other hand, medical costs
have been rising fast; twice as
fast as the cost of living, since
1947-49. Hospital bills have risen
four times as fast.
Since 1947-49 there has been a
100 per cent increase in hospital
cost, and many more people are
going to hospitals than used to.
Out of every 100 persons, one
spends one day a year in the hos-
Need More Care
Finally, the older people, who
can least afford it,muse two and
one half times as much hospital
care as the average person, Prof.
Cohen said.
Several solutions to the prob-
lem have been offered, e con-
tinued. The first is to wait; to let
health insurance spread until it
covers more of the population.
Another is the Forand Bill,
originally introduced to Congress
several years ago and just recently
become controversial with the sud-
den rise in public concern for
medical care for the aged.
The Forand Bill would add a
small payment to the social se-
curity tax and provide for 60 days
of hospital care, 60 days of certain
nursing services, and surgical care.
AMA Protested
There was a strong protest on
the part of the American Medical
Association to the provision for
payments for surgical care. Sena-
tors Kennedy and McNamara each
introduced a bill eliminating this
"The Eisenhower Administra-
tion also has a bill, which only pro-
vides for money to give the states
in order to increase their welfare
benefits," Prof. Cohen said. "The
objection to this bill was that it
is not feasible for the states to
raise their share of the payments.
The bill was virtually ignored by
"On the other hand, social se-
curity does not cover everybody
who would need medical insur-
ance. This is one of the primary
objections to the Forand Bill, along
with that of many doctors that it
would destroy the sacred doctor-
patient relationship."
Asks Independence
"No democratic society can allow
itself to be in a position where
a large number of people are de-
pendent on others," Prof. Cohen
said. "Unless we candevise some
institutional mechanism making
people independent they will seek
some less-desirable political and
economic alternatives,"
"Social cohtrol assures greater
freedom in the long run," he said.
"In ten to 15 years," he pre-
dicted, "all medical care is going
to be a public right, in some way
or other, just as education is now."
"The present question is, will
the Senate add something to the
social security bill recently passed
in the House to provide for social
security health coverage?"
"The burden of satisfying this
need is going to be on society,"
he warned.

Aged Aid
Special to The Daily
Bentley (R-Owosso), who is seek-
ing the United States Serfate seat
presently held by Sen. Patrick V.
McNamara (D-Detroit), made
clear his position on what he call-
ed McNamara's "only issue," medi-
cal aid to the aged, at a luncheon
meeting here recently.
Bentley expressed concern about
the problem, saying that he felt
the nation's senior citizens de-
served some help with their prob-
lems. However, he spoke out most
definitely against the plans which
have been presented to considera-
"The Forand Bill has many
glaring faults," Bentley said. "It
provides that one must be in the
hospital to receive aid. Our hos-
pitals are already overcrowded and
this would be a needless overload.
Many older people who need this
aid are definitely not hospital
Bentley went on to denounce the
"even more radical" plan of sub-
committee chairman McNamara as
"most inadequate."
When asked about the ,merits
of the two Republican proposals
in this area, Bentley termed the
Administration's 'Medicare' as
"very expensive," and Secretary
Arthur Flemming's plan as "fall-
ing short of the mark."
Bentley acknowledged "the very
real problem we have here." He
said it should be handled intelli-
gently, taking care not to make
our older citizens "wards of the
Bentley also presented an outline
of his own plan to handle the
problem, whereby the government
would form an agency similar to
the Federal Deposit Insurance
Corp., which would insure private
insurance companies that the eld-
er policy holders would keep up
their health and hospitalization
insurance payments.
City Granted
Use of Center
For Defense
The Civil Defense and Disaster
Training Center at the University
will be made available for some
Ann Arbor community Civil De-
fense programs and exercises,
Vice-President Wilbur K. Pier-
pont said.
Ann Arbor Mayor Cecil O. Creal
had requested that the Center be
made available for identification
as the city's Control Center for
Civil Defense.
Vice-President Pierpont replied
in part that the University "would
like to cooperate in making this
building available for community
use in carrying out Civil Defense
programs and exercises as far as
possible without conflict with the
University building use schedule,
and it seems likely that the build-
ing can be made available for the
kind of limited use which you
have in mind, at least on an an-
nual basis."

Quartet Prepares Concert


'U' Impartial
On By-Pass
In order to clarify the position
of the Regents on the matter of a
highway bypass around Ann Ar-
bor, Regent Eugene Power of Ann
Arbor yesterday issued a state-
ment saying "we are concerned
only with the delay in getting
US-23 traffic off streets in the
campus area."
"This situation, which is daily
becoming worse, is endangering
the lives of students and creating
a serious traffic problem for the
University and the city."
The letter, which states "What-
ever method will remove this
hazard in the shortest possible
time will be enthusiastically sup-
ported by the University," came
on the heels of a report that
President Harlan Hatcher sug-
gested that the proposed Northbelt
bypass be given priority over the
Eastbelt route, and a charge by
local Democratic chairman Lloyd
Ives to the effect that Regent
Frederic Matthael was attempting
to kill the Eastbelt project alto-
Regent Power said he hesitated
to prolong the discussion on the
Regents' action.



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PRESENTS CONCERT--The Stanley Quartet will present its first summer 1960 concert today at
8:30 p.m. in Rackham lecture hall. The concert will feature Mozart's "Quartet in E-flat major, K.
428," Prokofieff's "Quartet in B minor, Op. 50," and the "Quartet in A minor, Op. 51, No. 2," by
Brahms. Two other concerts will be given July 12 and August 2. Personnel of the quartet for the
summer includes Stuart Canin, head of the string department of the University of Iowa music
school, Prof. Gustave Rosseels, of the University music school, Paul Olefsky, first cellist with the
Detroit Symphony, and Prof. Robert Courte, also of the University music school. Canin and Olef-
sky are replacing Gilbert Ross and Prof. Oliver Edel, who are out of town for the summer.

Call N0 23241

Doctors Visil
Kidney Stud
More than 300 doctors andi
search specialists, including soi
of the nation's top investigators
the fleld of kidney function, beg
a two-day conference Saturday
the University Medical Center.
Speakers Saturday morning i
cluded Dr. Robert Vernier of t
University of Minnesota and I
Gustave Dammin, pathologist
Harvard Medical School and Pe
Bent Brigham Hospital, in Bostc
The University conference h
scheduled 21 reports by researc
ers and clinicians to cover recer
ly developed knowledge of kidr
structure and function.
Program chairman Dr. John
Weller of the University Depa
ment of Medicine said toda
problems in kidney disease a
greater than generally recogni (
Figures gatheredby. the Michig
Kidney Disease Foundation in(
cate that three million Amerlca
suffer from various kidney d
Sunday's program included r
ports by Dr. Karl H. ,Beyer, J
Dr. John H. Laragh of Columi
University, and others.

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