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August 10, 1960 - Image 2

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Michigan Daily, 1960-08-10

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"What If I Were To Threaten To Turn Up at the
UN Wearing One of These?"

Seventieth Year
Truth Will Prevail" STUDENT PuBLICATIONs BLDG. * ANN ARBOR, MICH. * Phone NO 2-3241
Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.

Dobie Digs Educator,
SChools of Educatioi
. FRANK DOBIE, who at 71 boasts his blue eyes are stil
enough to spot a phony at five paces, recently leveled a
gaze at the University of Texas' college of education and judg
be "the chief department of ignorance" filled with "damned im
However, the UT college of education is no worse than an
he said. "They are all horrible. I don't think that what's called
literature has caused nearly as much harm as courses in edu
Dobie, world-famous historian and, yarn-spinner who ha
most of his life in and around classrooms, added:
"TAKE THE AVERAGE college catalog and you'll find mc
cation courses listed than anything else. But that isn't true of t

.Y, AUGUST 10, 1960


Election-Year Party Haggling
Impedes Important Legislation

EIECTION FEVER has again hit thef
camps of the two parties contesting for
Washington power, and the usual political
tactics have been the result.-
Republicans, under the leadership of Sen.
Everett Dirksen of Illinois, attempted to force
the Democrats to reject a controversial civil
rights bill and thus exhibit the split in Demo-
cratic ranks over such issues.
The bill, dealing in part with discrimina-
tion in federal construction projects and aid
to schools complying voluntarily with desegre-
gation, was for all practical purposes purely a
political move to embarass the Democrats.
This was even more apparent by the strict
voting to table the motion.
The ensuing badinage reflected no sincere'
concern for the substance of the bill. Dirk-
sen expected the bill to fail, despite his speech
denying political intentions in his move. Dem-
ocrat Richard B. Russell of Georgia, an avow-
Hail, Jail!
Latest contribution of the old world to
the new was proposed recently by a traveling
agent of the Office of Student Affairs-the
Student Jail.
It worked at Heidelberg, Germany, in the
Student Prince days. Those incarcerated for
violating regulations not only underwent a
learning experience; they gained status. Their
pictures, posted on the outside of the jail
door, had to be covered by wire screens to pro-
tect them from idolatrous scavengers.
The invidious position of the Student Jail-
bird could be brought up-to-date and intensi-
fied by employing modern methods like peer
counselling.. .
With the Student Activities Building cur-
rently in the throes of expansion, what could
be more feasible than to build a jail in the
addition? With decorator touches a la Mark-
ley, -the sterile milieu of a sorority annex
might easily be created.

ed segregationist, avoided the question of
whether he was for or against the bill and hit
at the Republicans' "purely political byplay."
Dirksen's sincerity is even more question-
able, since he moved to table these same sec-
tions in the heated battle over the civil rights
bill earlier this year.
PRESIDENT DWIGHT D. Eisenhower also
entered the political arena, doffing his cloak
of impartiality as the November deadline fast
approaches. Eisenhower set the stage for the
Republican move terming the sections major
Democrats said the motion was made to
block passage of other bills concerning medi-
cal care, minimum wage and the Antarctic
treaty. Perhaps the concern for these bills is
genuine, as certainly the Democrats would
like to add these feathers to their caps for
campaign material, but more genuine is their
desire to avoid passing legislation that would
annoy the South or, by facing a Southern fili-
buster, lose Negro votes in the North.
THE BLEMISH for this action is on both
sides; it cannot rest on one side alone. The
importance of civil rights legislation should
place it above such pettiness. It is action
that is greatly needed, yet requires the utmost
delicacy in wording and administration. The
Republicans should realize the gravity of such
bills and that adequate time msut be spent on
them. The Democrats should resolve their
North-South split and work for the passage of
civil rights legislation in keeping with their
liberal platform stands on the issue.
It is most disheartening to see this type of
political squabbling when the problem of civil
rights is our most pressing internal problem.
The verbal exchanges based on such a con-
trived bill benefit neither side and fool few of
the voters. If the public must be treated to
similar political maneuvers, one would hope
they could be confined to less delicate and less
important legislation.

WASH GToN0T'wo intelligent
senaors whoare smart
enough to know better have got
themselves in a tizzy over one of
our few treaties with Russia which
helps preserve the peace of the
They are: Young Clair Engle of
California and grzzled Ernest
Gruening of Alaska,. both with a
finerrecord in the Senate, but
both now seeing Russian bogey-
men behind the ice-bergs in re-,
gard to the Antarctic treaty now
up for debate in the Senate.
The Antarctic happens to be one
of the - few places where the
United States has had excellent
cooperation with the Soviet. Ad-
miral George: Dufek, former U.S.,
naval commander in the Antarctic,
says: "There was complete har-
mony, cooperation and cordiality
between the Russians and the
Americans. The Russians had an
observer with us in Little Ameri-
ca; we had an observer with them.
We brought along photographic
apparatus and took all the pic-
tures we liked. It was the same
way when they came to visit us."
In negotiating the Antarctic
treaty, furthermore, the United
States and Russia agreed on al-
most everything.
The most extraordinary feature
of the Antarctic treaty is the fact
that Russia and the United States
at long last agreed to inspection
in order to prevent atomic bomb.
tests in this vast unexplored
waste-land where A-bomb experi-
ments would be fairly easy to stage
without international inspection.

Campaigns Shape Up

V Knock Off

WE OUGHT to find a better word for it than
"vacation," which gives the feel of empti-
ness. Many vacations, alas, are empty enough
of both meaning and joy, usually because the
daily work and life from which we take a
vacation are also empty. But happily there are
vacations which are genuinely replenishments,
for every organism needs at times to knock off
and lie fallow, and find somewhere - from
without or within-the fuel to re-stoke itself.
There won't be any vacation this year for
the hungry men all over the world who are
lucky if they can find work to keep their lives
going and to whom the idea of a civilization
able to afford mass leisure would be a dream
fantasy. There won't be any vacation this year
for a couple of other hungry men as well-
the hungry candidates for the American Presi-
dency, who have to keep plugging away at the
extra Congressional session for the next four
weeks to show the right stance for the election.
I shall be knocking off during those weeks,
at least from the labors and pleasures of this
column. But I shall be back after Labor Day,
to survey the field of carnage left by the legis-
lative battles and add to the spate of commen-
tary on the two decisive months of the cam-
EVERY YEAR about this time the big circu-
lation magazines do layouts on American
vacationers in Europe, usually showing an at-
tractive and intelligent young couple coping
with the strangeness of foreign scenes and
ideas. Four million Americans go abroad In
any one year, most of them for vacation pleas-
ure and fun.
Harlan Cleveland, who heads the Maxwell
Graduate School of Citizenship, at Syracuse
University, tells of a questionnaire given to a
thousand of these tourists on ships sailing for
Europe. More than five hundred of them, filled
out by young people of University level and
coming from families of above-average income,
were studied intensively.
The results were depressing. Three out of
Editorial Staff
MICHAEL BURNS .................. Night Editor
ANDREW HAWLEY.............. Night Editor
MICHAEL OLINICK............Sports Co-Editor
SUSAN JONES........... .......Sorts Co-Editor

four failed to name a single Italian novelist,
poet or painter of the past 150 years. Half of
them couldn't name a single German writer.
One out of three couldn't name an important
American novelist of our century, and half
couldn't name an American playwright. Two
out of three made wildly wrong guessesabout
the number of Catholics, Jews and Negroes in
WONDER why these youngsters went to Eu-
rope at all, if they were so incurious about
either European culture or their own. I suspect
that a European vacatino, like a college educa-
tion, has now become a mark of social status
and a badge of belonging. It is a good way
to pick upa number of added attitudes and
poses. But if you have resisted learning much
from the people around you, the chances are
strong that you will resist learning much even
when you have been transported a few thou-
sand miles with your camera and have changed
your locale.
What I am suggesting is that intellectual
curiosity begins at home, and knowledge of
the world should start with knowledge of your
culture. Stuart Gerry Brown has written a
50-page pamphlet, Memo for Overseas Ameri-
cans, for the Syracuse University Press, ad-
dressed both to tourists and to American work-
ing and living abroad. He discusses it in "the
many meanings of American civilization" and
makes the point that Americans abroad cannot
be ambassadors for their country unless they
know something about it.
I should add that this applies to a number of
our foreign service officers as well. A recent
evaluation test, given by the State Department,
revealed a disastrous number who failed in
general intelligence and in the broad specific
skills needed for their tasks. These are reported
to have included the chief information officers
in a number of important Asian, African, and
European capitals where the kind of image
America projects is crucial for our world stand-
ing and survival.
What many Americans need, in addition to
travel vacations, is one in which they will read
a few seminal books.
MUST ADD in fairness that a number of
youngsters in the rising generation have a
new and revolutionary attitude about summer
vacations. A recent issue of Time ran a good
round-up of cities in which a large number
of high school students are spending most of
their holiday in study groups, where they can
gallop through a whole year's work in some

Daily Stagf Writer
WITH THE Republican National
Convention over and the cam-
paign under way, the future of
New York's Gov. Nelson Rocke-
feller in the party is "bright"
Prof. James K. Pollock, chairman
of the political science depart-
ment, said recently.
The rift between Rockefeller
and Vice-President Richard M.
Nixon has been healed, with Nixon
gaining Rockefeller's decisive sup-
port in the fall race and Rocke-
feller obtaining a fairly liberal
The fact that Rockefeller con-
trols the largest state in the elec-
toral college, combined with his
dynamic personality, makes him
a strong leader in the Republican
party. His advice will certainly be
listened to, Prof. Pollock said, al-
though he felt Rockefeller would
not accept a federal position.
"EVERYTHING Rockefeller has
done (at the convention) has
strengthened the position of the
party as it faces the campaign,"
he commented.
The Republican platform is a
true indication of the liberal out-
look of the party, Prof. Pollock
said, and not just a concession to
This campaign will be based
largely on issues, not as much on
personality as in past campaigns.
Issues are being discussed more
seriously than before, he noted,
and of course, foreign affairs is
the most prominent among them.
Conduct of foreign affairs, rath-
er than basic policy, will be the
main issue, because the platforms
are very similar on the generali-
Staff Woofs
APPARENTLY our democratic
process, based on a spirit of
public criticism and debate, does
not function at Ann Arbor. I refer
to the utter sterility of Daily re-
viewing this Summer and the com-
pletely impervious acquiescence of
Daily readers to the bilge flowing'
past their eyes in the cloak of the
editorial page.
Vernon Nahrgang, forminstance,
did not mention the monstrous
flouting of American sensibilities
in "Psycho" when Janet Leigh was
displayed for at least five minutes
' in her underwear.
I agree with Miss Paperman,
Patrick Chester's writing makes
me woof. (sic.)
Michael Wentworth's headline
"Lost World - Lost Cause" ex-
presses perfectly my feelings about
And Thomas Brien, I hear, is so
obscene they won't print half of
his material. He'd obviously feel
at home f eviewing stag movies.
This lack of standards, moral
and aesthetic, bugs me something
fierce. If criticism can't move them

ties. The Republicans will stand
on their record, which is very
sound, Prof. Pollock said, and
stress their experience in dealing
with the Russians, while the Dem-
ocrats will promote a "new look"
in foreign policy.
* S * .
OTHER KEY debating points
will be debt and fiscal policy, old-
age sickness and medical care and
farm policy.
Nixon's repudiation of Secre-
tary of Agriculture Ezra Taft
Benson's policies was only "na-
tural," he commented. Nixon is
expected "to develop the issues"
and since his disagreement with
Benson has been known for a long
time, it was no surprise when
chosen to lead the party in the
campaign, he attacked the Secre-
Prof. Pollock characterized the
Democratic party in essence as
favoring liberal spending, whereas
the Republicans stress a stricter-
fiscal policy.
The Midwest, which was shun-
ned in the choosing of candidates
f or national office by both parties,
will certainly not be neglected.
Candidates will pay great atten-
tion to the area which contains
such states as Ohio, Illinois, Indi-
ana and Michigan with large
electoral representation.

dor Henry Cabot Lodge of Mas-
sachusetts, for the GOP second
spot, rather than a number of
capable midwesterners, was an
emphasis on foreign policy. Reps.
Gerald Ford of Michigan and
Walter Judd of Minnesota would
have made excellent choices, but.
Lodge was the best because he
has a national appeal rather than
adding regional balance to the
The nomination of Sen. Lyndon
B. Johnson of Texas on the Dem-
ocratic slate was a similar move
since Johnson is well-known as an
internationalist. This is a new
trend in politics, Prof. Pollock
The selection of Lodge, from the
same state as Sen. John Kennedy,
was based on his "experience,
reputation and public knowledge,"
the political scientist pointed out.
"He is an extremely able, high-
class candidate," Prof. Pollock
commented, and one who reflects
the emphasis placed on the Vice-
President in the campaign.
Although personality will be less
important than in previous presi-
dential, battles, the image of Pres-
ident Dwight D. Eisenhower is
still strong, he noted, and this
should contribute to the Nixon

* * *
for months to get Russian dele-
gates to the Geneva nuclear test
conference to agree to complete
international inspection. In con-
trast they did agree in the Ant-
arctic. This is one of the most
important features of the treaty
which Senators Engle and Gruen-
ing have got into such a tizzy
During the Geophysical Year
Antartic experiments by the USA
and the USSR, the Soviet chief
scientist I. E. Tolstiekov asked
Admiral Dufek if he could fly over
the pole to visit the U.S. base.
Dufek said he would be delighted
to have him come and among
other things, took him to lunch
at the Navy cafeteria where U.S.
officers ate with the enlisted men.
Later Dufek visited the Soviet
base and found the Russians had
transported much more luxurious
living quarters to the Antarctic.

bestuniversities." Reminded th
UT offers a great many educatIc
courses, white-crested Dobie sa
"I repeat, you don't find them
the very best universities.
don't find them at Harvard
Yale. When I was teaching
Cambridge one, professor taug
one course in education. That, u
fortunately, was the American I
Dobie admitted that he hims
had taken some education cours
A year of them, in fact. "And
I learned was to open the wind
when it was hot, and close t
window when it was cold. Wj
air conditioning, even that w
derful knowledge is' obsolete."
HE SAID, "Fifty years ago
started looking for students wj
first class minds who voluntar
and with enthusaism and app
clation took courses in educati
I have found not one to this di
But I've encountered many fir
class students who would not
into teaching because they woi
have to take those stupifyl
courses before they could be cer
fled." Colleges of education,
said, were preferred by "'du
A good teacher needs men
discipline, a sense of huior,
solid fund of ,knowledge and co
mon sense. Dobie said -and ne
of these are guaranteed by eti
a college of education or by Ph
* * *
"WHEN I WAS a young mi
starving as an instructor at I
University of Texas, I resigned
manage a big ranch owned 'by i
uncle JimDobie. On that ran
I met a Mexican goather
named Santos Cortez, a gr
storyteller. He was a greater nAi
ence on me than any PhD I e
studied under."
But whereas he would o
change the PhD system, Do]
would eliminate the college
"I told Harry Ransom (upco
ing president of UT), you'rea
ways talking about economlzing
well, throw out the education c
partmient and spend the savz
on really educating people."
The Daily Oficial Bulletin is
official publication of The UnvO
sity of Michigan for which T1
Michigan Daily assumes no ed
tonal responsibility. Notces shou
be sent in TYPEWfTEN form It
Room 3519 Administration Build
tng, before 2 p.m. two days precec
ing publication.
VOL. LXX, NO. 365
General Notice,
Attention August Graduates: Co l
og Literature, Science, and the A
School of Education, School of M1i
School of Public Health, School
Business Administration: Students
advised not to request grades of
X in August. When such grades
absolutely imperative, the work x
be made up in time to allow your.
structor to report the make-p 8
not later than 11 a.m., August
Grades received after that timeL
defer the student's graduation wit
later date.
Recommendations for Departme
Honors: Teaching departments wisi
to recommend tentative August g
uates. from the College "of Literat
Science, and the Arts, and tGhe. Sc
of Education for departmental hd
(or high honors in the college
L.S.&A.) should recommend such
dents in a letter delivered to ,the
fice of Registration and Recordas, i
1513 Admin. Bldg., before August 1
The General Library will be do
Saturday, August 13, and will coti
to b closed Saturdays and Sun
through September 18. The library
be open during this period, MoRn
through Friday, from 8 a m.to 5 D
The Undergraduate Libray wills

be closed Saturday, August 13, but7
remain closed through 'September
From Monday," September 12, throe
Friday, September 16, the Undergri
ate Library will be open 8 a.m. t
p.m. daily. Both libraries will resu
regular schedules Monday, Septem
pivisional libraries likewise will
closed Saturday, August 13. Hours
the intersession will be posted on
doors of each library. A few ndivid
libraries will be closed during part
all, of this period, and these libra
as well as the Undergraduate Libi
will be serviced by the Circulation
partment of the General Library,
days when no library hours were se
All libraries will be closed Labor
Monday, September 5.
Students eligible to receive Educa
and Training allowance under Pu
Law 550 or 634 must furnish e
Monthly Certification for August, a
ed by their instructors at time o:
nal exam, to the Dean's Office by A
ust 13.
Students eligible to receive Educa


Adlai* Talks of Russia

E. Stevenson. Harper and
Brothers. New York. $2.95.
WITH THE possibility of Adlai
Stevenson becoming an im-
portant presidential advisor, and
perhaps even Secretary of State,
should Kennedy win in the Fall
elections, his impressions acquir-
ed during his recent trip to Rus-
sia assume an importance they did
not have back in the Summer of
The articles he wrote after the
trip have been collected into a
slim, readable volume titled
"Friends and Enemies," and is
now offered with the growing
assortment of election-year read-
ing material.
"My conclusion is that our Rus-
sian competitors are much tough-
er than most of us have yet re-
alized -- and that this time we
might get licked," Stevenson
states in his introduction, and "I
confess that whenever I hear talk
about what we, the great, free
Western democracies . . . can and
cannot do or afford to do, I am
reminded of the imperial Man-
chus who disdained the Western
barbarians for inventing steam-
of the biggest questions is whether
"our free system of private for-
eign trade" can match the con-
trolled but flexible Soviet trading
"Our Founding Fathers created

He cites the predicament of In-
dia, "How can India make long-
range economic plans, when they
may have to be changed or dis-
carded at the next session of Con-
gress." Meanwhile, he says, Rus-
sia can buy, sell and invest where,
when and how they please for
political advantage.
His most daring policy switch,
actually just a suggestion, would
be to trade with Russia. "On the
assumption that well-to-do people
are more passive and peaceful
than the envious and poor, the
liberalizing tendencies in Russia
should increase as prosperity in-
creases. So why not trade with
them? Why not encourage the
growth of material abundance and
thereby make it harder to pre-
serve the secrecy, ignorance and
tight controls of the Soviet ,sys-
tem? And especially why not -
when our refusal to trade with
them has not stopped them from
developing the Soviet economy at
a spectacular pace?"
ing Russian authority on, trade,
pointed out to Stevenson that the
United States persuaded European
countries that aluminum was a
strategic material and told them
not to sell to the: U.S.S.R. "Andi
now the SoviethUnion is selling
aluminum to the very countries
that are forbidden to sell to the,
Soviet Union," Mikoyan said.
Aiding the Soviet would seem

soviet, he writes, "one memory of'
this trip I will always retain was
the disappointment on his genial,
handsome face when I said we
were not competing on farm pro-
duction. And then his dejection
turned to incredulity when I said
that in the U.S. we had too much
food and fiber. But when I said
we even paid farmers not to pro-
duce he gave me the sly, amused
wink of a politician not unfamil-
iar with gullible audiences."
EVEN THOUGH Russia was.
conducting a hate-America prop-
aganda campaign during his visit
as a result of our landing in Leb-
anon, Stevenson found the Rus-
sians friendly, courteous and ex-
tremely hospitable. He feels the
Russians are distrustful of the in-
formation they 'receive, and have
developed a "sales-resistance" to'
the continual barrage of anti-
American propaganda; which is
largely offset anyway, by the con-
comitant catch-up-to-the-Ameri-
cans economic effort.
He writes that one dignatory
toasted at a lunch he attended,
"Believe what you see, not what
you hear." Another official, in re-
sponse to Stevenson's reminder
that +China will have a population
of 1.6 billion in the year 2000,
toasted, "Which is another reason
for better Soviet-American rela-
Stevenson adds many bits of in-
formation along with his impres-
sions - for instance: they have
more doctors per capita than us;

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