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July 11, 1962 - Image 3

Resource type:
Michigan Daily, 1962-07-11

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___________________________________________________ ___r A iAAr.5. c5usE




Will Troubled Reds Start a Crisis? I





J. S. Britain
yet Policies
)n UiN Role

LONDON ( ) - Ranking Ameri-
can and British officials last night
broadly aligned their United Na-
tions policies, but remained split
over seating Red China in the
United Nations.
At the end of a two-day politi-
cal strategy session between offi-
cials led by United States Assist-
ant Secretary of State Harlan
Cleveland and British Assistant
Undersecretary Duncan Wilson,
the foreign office said:
"The talks provided a useful op-
portunity for exchanging ideas on
a wide range of United Nations
questions and achieving a sub-
stantial identity of views."
Among the agreements reached
was a decision that new moves are
needed to secure a ban on nuclear
weapon tests and some progress in
disarmament. Qualified inform-
ants said the two nations specific-
ally are weighing whether to lower
their demands for on-site inspec-
tion checks in a test ban treaty,
The American and British dip-
lomats found themselves unable to
figure out a common position on
Red China's representation in the
United Nations.
They also were divided over
some aspects of the Congo situa-
tion and on ways of resisting
United Nations pressure for a
change in the political setup of
Southern Rhodesia, which is a
self-ruling British colony.
Urge uropean
Nuclear Force
PARIS (P)-The French Na-.
tional Assembly, opening debate on
President Charles de Gaulle's nu-
clear strike force proposal, heard
an appeal yesterday for a Euro-
pean multinational deterrent in-
Henri Dorey of the Popular Re-
publican Party told the assembly
France should discuss such an
idea with its European partners-
a reference to present, and pros-
pective members of the Common
Dorey said Premier Georges
Pompldou's government should
launch negotiations with France's
European Allies on joint develop-
ment of nuclear power for both
defense and peaceful purposes.
The issue of a French national
nuclear force comes up in the gov-
ernment's proposed supplemental
budget for ,1962, including 200
million francs ($40 million) for a
separation plant to produce en-
riched uranium 235. The plant's
output could be used for French
nuclear bombs.

REPORTING--Sen. Hubert Humphrey (left) and House Speaker
John McCormack told of presidential and congressional opinions
yesterday. Humphrey spoke of administration inclinations towards
a tax cut and McCormack discussed the foreign aid bill.
. A
View Taxes, Foreign Aid
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON-Sen. Hubert H. Humphrey (D-Minn) and House
Speaker John McCormack (D-Mass) said after a White House con-
ference yesterday that the Kennedy Administration may be leaning
toward an immediate tax cut and predicted the passage of a satis-
factory foreign aid bill.
Humphrey indicated that if President John F. Kennedy agrees
within the next month that such action is necessary an effort will be
made to tack it onto the President's tax revision bill. That measure is
now facing serious trouble in they..

.Asks rirtish,
French, U.S.
Washington, London
Disdain Suggestion
MOSCOW (M)-Premier Nikita
S. Khrushchev made another ef-
fort to pry the Americans, British
and French out of West Berlin
He proposed to replace them
with troops of Norway and Den-
mark, or Holland and Belgium,
and Communistacontingents from
Czechoslovakia and Poland -all
under the United Nations flag.
The proposal was made to an
accompaniment of claims of the
most powerful weapons in the
world, including antimissile mis-
siles, and threats of more Soviet
nuclear tests.
It met a prompt rejection in
Washington and London.
Denounce 'Hypocrisy'
The United States sharply and
publicly rejected yesterday the
new Berlin proposal by Khrush-
chevhand denounced as "hypocri-
sy" his complaint against United
States atomic tests.
State Department officials said
the idea was not even new to them
-it already had been suggested by
Russia and ruled out by the West
in Secretary of State Dean Rusk's
private talks with Soviet diplo-
mats. A British foreign office
spokesman said replacement of
American, British and French
troops was not negotiable.
Free Hand
It appeared? however, that
Khrushchev hoped to apply new
pressure to get the garrisons of
the three big Western nations out
of West Berlin and win a freer
hand for the Communists.
His speech to 2,000 delegates
from 118 countries at the World
Peace Congress in the Kremlin
bristled with anti-American state-
ments and warnings of catastro-
Anti-Missile Missile
He declared the Soviet Union
has developed a missile to knock
down missiles. This was the first
such claim, but Western military
experts doubt that Soviet scien-
tists have such a weaponready to
He denounced as a "challenge to,
mankind" the current series of
American tests in the Pacific, in-
cluding the high altitude hydrogen
shot Monday, and said these had
made further improvement of So-
viet weapons an "unavoidable nec-
essity." This was a reiteration of
threats of a new series of Soviet
nuclear tests.

Crises in Berlin
May Occur Again
Associated Press News Analyst
Cries of peace echoing in Mos-
cow raise a prospect of cold war
tension in the near future.
With help from the Moscow
Peace. Congress, the Kremlin
seems to be preparing for a new
confrontation of East and West,
probably over Berlin.
The aim may be to captitalize
on fears of nuclear war, to rally
popular support in the non-Com-
munist world for concessions to
Soviet demands, and in the USSR
itself for the Kremlin's economic
In advance of the Congress,
Pravda carried a long editorial,
ostensibly to hail the event. It
quickly shifted to a discussion of
Soviet internal problems, concen-
trating on agriculture, the Krem-
lin's chronic headache.
New Heroism
The times, pleaded Pravda, call
for labor heroism from farmers,
for 'Socialist competition" in
farms and factories to raise pro-
ductivity. This would be labor in
the name of peace, labor to make
the USSR economically strong so
that its might could preserve the
In counterpoint to this tune, the
press depicted the United States
as playing nuclear roulette with
Izvestia carried cartoons to show
that 37 schools could be built for
the cost of one jet bomber, 10 hos-
pitals for one nuclear submarine,
60-70 big buildings for the price of
a ballistics missile.
But, Premier Nikita S. Khrush-
chev contends, the USSR is forced
to raise its nuclear potential be-
cause of threats from the West.
Otherwise, abundance might be a
matter of course. This provides an
excuse for nagging shortages and
the sharp rise in meat and butter
How to solve such problems? By
copying the capitalists and provid-
ing individual incentives? That
could contaminate Red doctrine,
even- though it is being suggested
and even tried in some instances.

... In trouble?

There is a hint of desperation
over the dilemma. To ease it, the
psychology of fear could be an at-
tractive instrument. In time of
danger, citizens could be persuad-
ed more easily that they labor for
their own salvation. People in
non-Communist nations could be
persuaded more easily to seek
quick and simple solutions-such
as "general and complete disarm-
Make It Real
To make the danger look real,
the threat must be palpable. The,
Kremlin can do this by first cre-
ating the impression it strives des-
perately for peace.
Khrushchev, in his Tuesday
speech, called the Berlin-German
question the main source of ten-
sion in Europe. He came up with
the proposal that the United
States, Britain and France with-
draw their protection from West
Berlin, and substitute forces from
Communist Poland and Czechoslo-
vakia, and from Norway and Den-
mark or the Netherlands and Bel-
The proposal has no chance of
acceptance by the West, but it is
another gambit in the long cam-
paign to reduce West Berlin to
helplessness and gain a new ad-
vantage for Communism in the
heart of Europe.
Khrushchev told the Congress
the solution of the Berlin question
"brooks no further delay." That is
not a dated ultimatum, but it has
an ominous sound.

Associated Press News Analyst
Nikita Khrushchev, boasting
about Soviet military strength at
a so-called Peace Congress and
trying to revive dead issues about
Berlin, sounds like a man who is
Under Khrushchev as the self-
anointed conductor of interna-
tional Communism, the world
revolution hasn't been doing too
Where Stalin had the flaps well
buttoned down, Khrushchev is
having increasing trouble. In
Washington there are a growing
number of subscribers to the es-
timate, which some began to voice
months ago, that Communist dy-
namism has passed its peak.
Impose Discipline
Stalin lost Yugoslavia through
an ill-Judged attempt to impose
C o m m u n i s t discipline. But
Khrushchev was not able to keep
even little and almost helpless Al-
Khrushchev, no longer presses
the buttons which produce either
policy or action in Red China. His
voice is hardly heard in Asia,
where Stalin once knitted a tight
skein of Communist action.
Where the Leninists always es-
timated that Europe was dead and
would soon lie down and admit it,
Khrushchev now feels the winds
of time and growing Western
strength blowing through the
holes which are more and more
revealed in Communism's econ-
omic and political system.
Makes Concessions
Perhaps most significant of all,
Khrushchev has been forced to
make concessions, at the expense
of the monolithic state idea, to the
needs of human beings. Where
Stalin ordered the lives of all
those under his c o m ma n d,,
Khrushchev pleads for cooperation

in state programs, both at home
and in the satellites.
And he is trying desperately to
escape full public revelation of
what seems to be an obvious con-
clusion -- that he has been forced
to descend from the hill he sought
to climb in Berlin.
He knows -- has already been
told privately - that the Western
allies will accept no change in the
Berlin occupation status which
they hold by right of conquest and
exercise by the desire of the Ger-
man people themselves.
Downgrade Estimate
The speed and firmness of pub-
lished reaction in Washington and
London itself represents a revised
and downgrading estimate of So-
viet strength.
Part of Khrushchev's speech
was directed toward Justification
of Soviet continuance of the nu-
clear arms race which was re-
newed after she broke-a long truce.
But the pages of history are now
written too clearly for all except
those who refuse to read. The
world knows who started the great
conflict which is now being waged,
and why the nontotalitarian na-
tions rearmed so reluctantly. It
knows the conflict will not end
until international communism re-
nounces its world aims, and it be-
gins to see how that decision may
be forced, without war.
Khrushchev has reason to holler.
It's Hairstyling
No Appointment Needed
The Dascola Barbers
Near Michigan Theatre

Khrushchev Rattles Soviet Sabers
To Conceal Shortcomings at Home

Senate Finance Committee headed
by Sen. Harry F. Byrd (D-Va).
With growing sentiment favor-
ing quick tax reductions, the stra-
tegy indicated by Humphrey could
serve to salvage the legislation
from possible death. However, this
angle was not discussed with news-
men by the Minnesotan after he
and other Democratic congres-
sional leaders held their weekly
meeting with Kennedy.
Satisfactory Bill
McCormack predicted the House
would pass a foreign aid bill very
satisfactory to the Kennedy ad-
He said congressional leaders
told Kennedy they were confident
the House would pass the aid bill
in satisfactory shape.
Jab Administration
McCormack said he felt the
House would reject the Senate's
restrictions on aid to Communist-
dominated countries and would
give the President discretion to
grant aid to such countries if he
found it vital to the national in-
Meanwhile, the Republican con-
gressional leadership got in some
jabs at the Kennedy Administra-
tion, with statements by Senate
Leader Everett M. Dirksen (R-Ill)
and House Leader Charles A. Hal-
leck (R-Ind).

emands Ind

Of Impasse
On Measures
WASHINGTON (P)-House and
Senate Democrats were cautioned
yesterday to end their prestige
battle over processing money bills
or face serious losses in the No-
vember elections.
Sen. Hubert H. Humphrey (D-
Minn), iassistant Senate Demo-
cratic leader, delivered the warn-
ing at a news conference and even
hinted President John F. Kennedy,
because of the consequences in-
bolved, might step in to end the
The conflict, which has blocked
final passage of all money meas-
ures for six months, originated
three months ago with House de-
mands that half the meetings of
senate-House conferees on appro-
priation bills be held on the House
side of the capitol and that a
House member preside at half the
sessions. The Senate in turn de-
manded that half the money
measures originate in the Senate.

World News Roundup

By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON - Secretary of
Defense Robert S. McNamara
plans another trip to Hawaii late
this month for conferences on
Viet Nam with top United States
officials in the Far East, a De-
fense Department spokesman said
WASHINGTON - Retail sales
tumbled 2 per cent in June-their
steepest slide since the recovery
from the 1961 recession. Reporting
yesterday on preliminary figures,
the Commerce Department said
sales declined by $431 million to
$19.1 billion between May and
June. The decline followed a drop

of $117 million between April and
LONDON -The Independent
Television Authority is ordering
advertisers to take the sex and
glamor out of cigarette commer-
cials, Postmaster General Reginald
Bevins said yesterday. The author-
ity, Bevins said, had reviewed cig-
arette advertising on TV in the
light of a warning report on smok-
ing and lung cancer by the Royal
College of Physicians.
* * *
NEW YORK-The Stock Mar-
ket advanced vigorously yester-
day as active buying developed in
response to the easing of credit
restrictions on security purchases.

5;. r
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Phone NO 8-6779

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! 601 East Liberty


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