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July 15, 1961 - Image 2

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Michigan Daily, 1961-07-15

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Seventy-First Year
EDITED AND MANAGED BY STUDENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN
'Where Opinions Are Free UNDER AUTHORITY OF BOARD IN CONTROL OF STUDENT PUBLICATIONS
Truth Will Prevajl" STUDENT PUBLICATIONS BLDG. * ANN ARBOR, Mica. * Phone NO 2-3241
Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.
SATURDAY, JULY 15, 1961 NIGHT EDITOR: RUTH EVENHUIS

UD Sports Policy
Results in Corruption

"Don't Bother With Plans And Foundations-Just
Build One Room At A Time"
I~a r I ~t~:1
* ' - ~ \ *
- O ~ ~ II
y ,,_,'" ' i3 c~rs..e *asnw'x^" ". i "

STRAVINSKY:
Change His Spots?
(EDITOR'S NOTE: The University music school is presenting a concert
of vocal music of Igor Stravinsky at 4:15 p.m. Sunday in Aud. A, Angell Hall.
The works are discussed in the following article.)
A CANON OF STYLE PERIODS gradually has accumulated to explain
Stravinsky's career, as it did about Picasso's. Today, by general con-
sent Stravinsky's career is divided into three periods.
First is the Russian period, of which the most famous example is
the "Sacre du Printemps." The neo-classical period which follows is
considered to represent a reaction to the barbarity of the Russian per-
iod.
IN RECENT YEARS, however, Stravinsky has turned toward mu-
sical techniques which seem to contradict those of the neo-classical
period. His works since "Canticum Sacrum" (1956) are written in whole
or in part on twelve-note series.
Now this periodization represents a comforting skeletal order
in what is admittedly a confusingly varied group of works. And it

e E ANNOUNCED National Collegiate Ath-
letic Association inestigation of the point-
shaving scandal at the University of Detroit is
another in the sad series of events that has
marked U-D's quest for status in big-time
athletics. And it is perhaps the last act in
U-D's tragic struggle for sports greatness.
But has this struggle, waged with ruthless
determination, been worth the effort? Of what
value has participation in big time ahtletics
been to the school? Has any valid purpose,
moral or academic, been served by this am-
bition?
It is clear that corruption has been the only
result of U-D's drive. In its ambition to gain
a greater share of the sports dollar and na-
tional' prominence, the university has per-
verted the meaning of athletic competition and
the honesty of its participants.
A TLEICS, in its purest sense, is designed
to promote the physical well-being of the
individual, and the pursuit of excellence in
muscular skills. Of equal importance, it teaches
the ethics of honest and fair competition among
individuals and groups. If it promotes these
values, athletics can be a useful part of col-
legiate life.
However, when a university only seeks win-
ning teams and the money that its fans will
spend to see them, it is destroying the value
of athletics. When this search becomes com-
pulsive, as it has at U-D, then all worth is
lost as both administration and alumni stoop
to illicit or questionable means to attain their
goal,
This has happened at the University of
Detroit. From the president down, the policy
has been to produce winning football and
basketballteams at any cost.
Strate
THE UNITED STATES, still technically at
war with Germany, may enter another one,
if Rep. John Pillion (R-NY) is persuasive
enough with his fellow Congressmen.
Pillion has introduced a joint resolution
which would declare war against the "inter-
national Communist conspiracy." -He claims
that an actual state of war already exists
and we would gain the "initiative" if we made
a formal declaration of it.
Our real enemy, says Pillion, is not the
Union of Soviet Socialists Republics and its
satellites and allies, but the Communist parties,
singly and collectively. These parties, are all
headed by a certain N. Khrushchev (Mr. Pil-
lion admits this) who is, incidentally, also the
leader of the Soviet Union.
PILIJON'S RESOLUTION declares war
against the Communist party in many dif-
ferent nations. Ironically enough, it lists the
Communist party of the People's Republic of
China. Pillion's resolution, if passed, would
then recognize the existence of Communist
China. Considering the long U.S. fight to
deny recognition to Mao's government, this
resolution would be a major defeat for us in
the war.
It 'is not very often that a declaration of
wat concedes a battle to the enemy. Mr. Pil-
lion had better review his military strategy
before he sharpens his plowshares.
-M. OLINICK

The Rev. Celestin J. Steiner, formerly presi-
dent of U-D, initiated this policy. Under his ad-
ministration, the athletic organization was re-
vamped several times out of desire to produce
winning teams. The present system was es-
tablished in 1956.
THE SYSTEM gives the alumni, through the
Gus Dorais Memorial Foundation, great
freedom to recruit athletes for the university
without regulating it to conform with NCAA
rules. The althletic organization has no full
time boss, but a part-time director (cur-
rently John Mulroy) whose function, accord-
ing to the Detroit News, is to raise money for
the program. (Muroy works full-time for the
university, but the athletic program is only
one of his concerns.)
The individual coaches direct the depart-
ment which comprises their sport. They are
their own bosses, relatively free from super-
vision of the director, who maintains his office
apart from the athletic facilities.
The coaches are under great pressure to
win and have been fired for producing mediocre
teams. Football coach Wally Fromhart was
fired after the 1958 season for failing to
produce the winning team the university had
expected. His team was not a bad one, but
not good enough to please the big-time sports
enthusiasts.
UNDER GREAT PRESSURE to win and free
from university control, the coaches and
alumni use shady and questionable recruiting
practices. Sports Illustrated of May 24 revealed
that basketball coach Bob Calihan gets pref-
erential admission treatment for potential
basketball stars by initialling their applications.
Once in U-D these stars were well cared for.
Charlie North (the Titans' leading forward)
received a full athletic scholarship, room and
board, books, tuition, expenses and $40 a
month from the alumni-plus moneymaking
opportunities such as selling gift tickets and
working at Detroit Piston games. These last
bonuses are illegal under NCAA rules.
Gamblers and fixers entered this corrupt at-
mosphere. They offered North and guard John
Morgan $1000, to shave points in the vital
Ohio State game. One can understand their
consideration of the offer (though they did
not accept it) in the morally clouded atmos-
phere of U-D athletics. How could they judge
the immorality of the offer when they were
being illictly paid by the alumni?
THIS SCANDAL marks a turning point in
U-D athletics. The NCAA is investigating
the situation and the administration (now
directed by the less athletically minded Rev.
Laurence V. Britt) is reconsidering its athletic
policy. If North's claims are proved true by
the NCAA, a heavy penalty faces the univer-
sity. If not, the institution may tighten its
control over athletics to prevent shady prac-
tices. Either way, the U-D quest for big time
athletic status seems over.
This is not the first nor, unhappily, the last,
time such scandals will occur. Events at Mary-
land, Auburn and Indiana are bitter examples
of an over-zealous athletic program. The
lesson to be learned from U-D and other
schools' experiences is that big time athletics
is not worth the effort. By striving for win-
ning teams and large gates, the values of
athletics are crushed in the immoral drive
to succeed.
-PHILIP SUTIN

represents the general experience
of Stravinsky's music, and in that
sense, the truth.
But the general experience of
the music is one thing, the music
itself is another. There is only the
most superficial evidence of such
a division of Stravinsky's career
to be found in the music itself.
* * *
THREE WORKS written just,
before the turn into the final per-
iod illustrate the point. The
"Mass" (1948), the "Cantata
(1952) and the "In Memoriam Dy-
lan Thomas" (1954), however var-,
ious their surface, have an intro-
spective and lyrical mood which
cuts across whatever changes of
style and procedure there may ap-
pear to be.
The "Mass" is the most busi-
ness-like of the three works. It
was composed as liturgical music
rather than in the concert tradi-
tion of works such as the B-minor
mass of Bach and the "Missa Sol-
emnis" of Beethoven. Stravinsky's
mass is short, with little repetition
of text.
The "Cantata" of 1952 is an
echo of the opera, "Rake's Prog-
ress"-the most ambitious of Stra-
vinsky's settings of English words.
Four lovely anonymous fifteenth
century lyrics form the text of
the "Cantata." The stanzaic struc-
ture of the poems, with the im-
plied repetition and symmetry,
completely dominates the form of
the music.
Stravinsky composed music for
Dylan Thomas' poem, "Do not
.gentle" as a memorial to him. The
entire work was composed on a
five-note row which in its various
transpositions produces all twelve
notes of the chromatic scale. Here,
then, is an early foreshadowing of
the serial technique which emerg-
ed in 1956.
BUT the serial writing in "In
Memoriam" is only an extension
of the canonic composition in the
"Cantata" which in turn is not
different in essence from the hid-
den canonic structure of the "Ag-
nus Dei" of the mass. Technical
devices of this sort may be found
in all three works, and, indeed, in
works from all periods of Stravin-
sky's career.
--David Sutherland

STRUGGLE IN VIET NAM:
Communists Fight for Farmer

BLUFF:
Perspective
On Berlin
By J. M. ROBERTS
Associated Press News Analyst
THE WESTERN POWERS, after
reacting to Premier Nikita
Khrushchev's latest Berlin push
in a fashion which looked to the
world very much like war fear, now
seem to be putting the battle back
into perspective as a propaganda
fight.
The determination not to be
bluffed by threats of force which,
in all reason, can hardly be be-
lieved to represent any more than
that, has been stated. Some deeds,
some redeployment and some new
military emphasis may now be ex-
pected to reinforce that state-
ment.
But at least an equal emphasis is
now due on correcting any impres-
sion that Soviet Russia can make
the world dance to her whim at
any time.
BY REACTING as they did at
first to the Khrushchev gambit,
the Western allies themselves con-
tributed to the danger which
President John F. Kennedy said
he went to Vienna to eliminate-
the danger that the Sino-Soviet
bloc would work itself into an
overconfidence encouraging fatal
risks.
Coming on the heels of the
Cuban and Laotian defeats, this
excited and fearful reaction has
contributed to Khrushchev's ef-
forts to make the non-committed
world believe that the Western
powers have passed their day of
power and ,that the future be-
longs to international Commun-
ism.
** *
BUT the Western tizzy is now
giving way to a calmer firmness
and an effort to convince the world
that the Communists have neither
the power nor the weight of ar-
gument to enforce their demands
regarding Berlin-demands which
very well could have been made
in the full knowledge that they
could not be achieved unless the
West died of fear without a test.

By RELMAN MORIN
RHOC GOI, South Viet.Nam (P)
-Grandfather Nguyen looks
past the barbed wire barriers, past
the militiamen guarding the brush
cutters, and fixes his one good
eye on a patch of rice land in the
lush green fields beyond.
He is the grand prize of the
war being fought in South Viet
Nam. If the Viet Cong Communist
guerrillas can win over Grand-
father Nguyen, and the millions of
other Vietnamese farmers, then.
this country will go Communist
-and eventually all of Southeast
Asia.
Thus he represents, to them, an
avenue that potentially can lead
to the greatest Communist victory
since they completed the conquest
of China 12 years ago.
He has never met any Viet Cong,
but he fears them. And this in it-
self indicates a degree of success
for the Viet Cong. For if he had
no security, if the government
can't protect him, he has little
choice but to cooperate with the
Reds, merely to save his neck.
THE VIET CONG'S purpose is
to frustrate everything the gov-
ernment is trying to do to help
the farmers. The last thing they
can permit is for conditions in the
countryside to improve. The more
discontent the better, is their
strategy.
Government help takes several
principal forms, the small loans,
redistribution of the land, the or-
ganization of cooperatives and
farmer associations. These groups
make it possible for a farmer to
rent tractors and other machinery
that few could afford, otherwise.
Finally, the efforts to give the
farmer greater security against
the Viet Cong represents one of
the most important forms of help.
There are far too many villages
and isolated smaller communities
for the regular army to protect
by itself.
So the government helps the vil-
lage by organizing militia, civil
guards, within the village itself.
They are being trained and grad-

ually receiving better arms, main-
ly rifles.
THE WHOLE QUESTION of the
degree and efectiveness of govern-
ment help for the farmers is hot-
ly debated, however.
"The officials in Saigon are too
far away from the farmer," says
a critic, "so the local officials they
appoint are either inefficient or
have the same mandarin attitude
toward the farmer as the people
in the capital."
Yet President Ngo Dinh Diem
won a tremendous vote in the
countryside when the first presi-
dential elections were held last
April. It was much bigger than
in Saigon where his political op-
position centers.
Registration was 7.2 million. The
total vote cast reached 5.3 million.
Diem received close to 90 per cent
of it, 4.7 million. Balloting was
genuinely secret.
The president's critics explain
this by arguing that his opponents
were neither known or formidable.
But statements of the farmers in-
dicated that Diem is popular in the
countryside.
After the election, the opposing
candidates sent a letter to the
president of the National Assem-
bly asserting that there had been,
fraudulent' practice in the ballot-
ing.
"In many provinces, the num-
ber of ballots counted 'surpassed
the number of registered voters
... We consider the elections in-
valid," it said in part.
Diem says the explanation is
simple.
"Soldiers in the field, who had
registered, were permitted to vote
in the place nearest to where they
were stationed. In many commu-
nities, their vote was, in fact,
larger than the total cast by the
people who live in that province."
Asked about this explanation, a
political opponent said:
"It may be true. But it also
would be a very easy way to rig an
election, wouldn't it?"
IS DIEM a dictator?
The constitution provides the

president with emergency powers
to "decree a temporary suspension
of the rights of freedom of cir-
culatio nand residence, of speech
and the press, of assembly and
association, and of formation of
labor unions and strikes . ..
He has by no means invoked all
these.
For example, the .labor unions
are functioning. They recently
struck a textile factory and kept
the workers out for 40 days.
Vietnamese in Saigon particu-
larly tell you they have no free-
dom of speech. Yet the man who
says this sits in your room for
hours, openly telling you what's
wrong with the government.
Moreover, in the electioneering
and aftreward, Diem's opponents
repeated all these accusations, and
others, speaking from public plat-
forms, without going to prison.
The press is- censored and the
government operates the only ra-
dio. Yet the writings of foreign
correspondents, often bitterly cri-
tical, have gone out from Saigon
to the world, uncensored, though
there have been one or two ex-
ceptions.
"I am convinced," says a high-
ly-placed 'foreign observer, "that
Diem sincerely wants and intends
to liberalize things. The question
is: given the present security prob-
lem, how far can he go and how
fast?"
* * *
ALL THIS seems remote, anoth-
er world, when you get deep into
the delta, south of Saigon, where
farmer Nguyen lives.
He is concerned with more
down-to-earth things: security at
night, food, clothing and shelter,
schools for his grandchildren, 'hope
for the future.
If he is persuaded that the gov-
ernment is at least trying to bring
these things to the farm, he is
not likely to be won over by the
Viet Cong.
And if not?
Well then, like the millions of
peasants in China 20 years ago,
he may become the vehicle that
delivers another country to the
Communists.

( DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN

The Daily Official Bulletin is an
official publication of The Univer-
sity of Michigan for which The
Michigan Daily assumes no editorial
responsibility. Notices should be
sent in TYPEWRITTEN form to
Room 3519 Administration Building,
before 2 p.mn., two days preceding
publication.
SATURDAY, JULY 14
General Notices.
The Box Office at the Lydia Mendels-
sohn Theatre will be open 10 a.m. to
5 p.m. Monday to sell tickets for the
three remaining University Players pro-
ductions.
vladimir Mayakovsky's satire on So-
viet society, "The Bedbug," will run
July 19-22. The oriental drama by Fay
& Michael Kanin, "Rashomon," will
play Aug. 2-5. And Mozart's "The Mar-
riage of Figaro" will be presented in co-
operation with the School of Music
Aug. 9-12.
Plays $1.50, 1.00 for Wed. or Thurs.,
$1.75, 1.25 for Friday or Saturdays.
Opera $1.75 or 1.25 for Wed. or Thurs.,
$2.00 or 1.50 for Fri. & Sat.
Events Sunday
Student Recital: John Lindenau,

trumpet, will present a recital in par-
tial fulfillment of the requirements for
the degree Master of Music on Sun..
July 16, 8:30 p.m., in Aud. A. He will
be assisted by John Morse, horn, and
Jerry Bilik, trombone. Compositions are
by Telemnann, Casterede, Giannini, and
Poulenc. Open to the public.
The Music of Igor Stravinsky will be
presented Sun., July 16, 4:15 p.m., Aud.
A in a vocal and instrumental program
with David Sutherland, conductor. The
Stravinsky program will consist, of his
"Cantata," written in 1952, "In Memor-
iam Dylan Thomas," (1954), and "Mass"
(1948). Open to the public without
charge.
The Woodwind Quintet, Nelson Hau-
enstein, flute; Florian Mueller, oboe;
Albert Luconi, clarinet; Louis Stout,
French horn; Lewis Cooper, bassoon,
will be assisted by Charles Fisher,
piano, in a concert Mon., July 17, 8:30
p.m., Rackham Lecture Hall.
Included on the program are com-
positions by Telemann, Riegger, Read,
Arnell, Barber, and Thuille. Open to
the public without charge.
Educational Film Preview: "Influen-
tial Americans" will be shown on Mon.,
July 17 at 2 p.m. in the Schorling
Aud., University School.
(Continued on Page 3)

French Greed in Algeria

PRESIDENT DE GAULLE made a speech
Wednesday announcing that he wants a
tough stand on Berlin and a partition of Al-
geria if Moslems there don't want to stay
tied to France.
One can only compliment the president on
his novel approach to the German crisis, but
his Algerian policy will have few admirers.
The French colons in Algeria have control
of the best farmland and the best jobs. They
do not want independence for Algeria if it
means the loss of their privileges, and it is
this selfless cause for which they fight.
There are also oil fields in Algeria, which the
French government wants to keep control of.
By partitioning the land into "a few par-
ticular zones" de Gaulle may find, though
Editorial Staff
MICHAEL BURNS.......................Co-Editor
SUSAN FARRELL . .........Co-Editor
DAVE KIMBALL .............Sports Editor
RUTH EVENBUIS....................Night Editor
MICHAEL OLINICK,...................Night Editor
JUDITH OPPENHEIM .................... Night Editor

not intentionally, that the oil has been kept
out of the Moslem-controlled areas.
Moslems showed what they thought of the
idea by staging a general strike, and then
rioting.
The colons obviously think the idea has
some merit, although the "final solution of
the Moslem problem" they seem to want would
be even more satisfactory.
French troops have killed more Moslems in
Algeria than Russian troops killed Hungarians
in that country's revolution. The colons have
always approved the most extreme methods
of fighting the rebellion, and so they may
have good reason to fear what happens when
the rebels come into power.
BUT SUCH FEARS, while doubtless genuine,
don't appear as good reasons for parti-
tioning the land. After all, the Moslems, who
will certainly lose the most valuable areas of
the land by this proposal, aren't responsible for
the colons' guilt.
And the oil well - set in the middle of a
desert long thought worthless - can't claim
generations of French settlers, as the coastal
areas can. Now if a French general had died-
in battle, perhaps-on the site of one of those
wells, they would be historic French monu-

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