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EDITED AND MANAGED BY STUDENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN
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Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This must be noted in-all reprints.
FRIDAY, JULY 14, 1961 NIGHT EDITOR: JUDITH OPPENHEIM
"THE GOLDEN DEMON," a Japanese drama which takes place in
1880, has the traditional girl-loves-boy-but-girl-marries-rich-man-
and-breaks-young-boy's-heart theme, but the plot is buried under every
conceivable form of symbolism.
The movie absolutely drips with every heavy-handed emotional de-
vice known to movie-making man.
Miya and Kan-ichi have been separated for years after Miya
leaves Kan-ichi for the diamond studded banker's son. Kan-ichi swears
off women in general and Miya in particular and goes to the big city
to make his share of money, since it is money which separated the
lovers in the first place. He is supposedly possessed of the "golden
Court Relocation Decision
(EDITOR'S NOTE: A decision handed down last
week by the federal district court in Detroit re-
quires a Detroit manufacturing firm to take along
with it as many of its workers as want to go when
it moves to Tennessee in September.)
AT FIRST GLANCE it appears difficult to
reconcile the compulsory transfer of work-
ers of companies moving their facilities to the
South with the American ideal of no-holds-
barred free enterprise.
It seems perfectly logical, indeed a self-
evident right to those defending the system
that when a man owns his own business he
has a right to transfer his offices when and
where he pleases and to hire new workers at
the site of relocation.
Such a philosophy may work for very small
establishments and may indeed have worked
for the larger ones in the days when factories
employed a very small percentage of the popu-
lation and work was easy to find. It is no
longer defensible, however.
The only justification for a system of govern-
ment is that it is calculated to be the most
beneficial system for the entire nation which
subscribes to it. When an ideal no longer fits
the nation for which it was fashioned, it must
be modified to fit the actual circumstances.
P OSE WHO BELIEVE in the supreme virtue
of capitalism bitterly fight intervention and
maintain the employer has the right to do as
he pleases with what is his own.
Those who believe that government must
work for the benefit of the governed to the
fullest possible extent argue that there are cer-
tain human values that must.transcend the all-
holy right to one's property.
If the American government is to function
for the benefit of most of its 180 million citi-
zens, then it must begin to modify a system
which works exclusively to the benefit of big
HE COMPANIES relocating their plants in
the South are not doing so because of the
climate. They are moving because Southern
municipalities are subsidizing them and because
the deftness with which Southerners manage
to stifle union activities makes it possible to
hire labor at wages unheard of in the North.
Unfettered capitalism says they have a right
to do this. Basic laws of human decency say
that when a worker has been with a firm for
several years, has done his work adequately
and is unlikely to find comparable work else-
where, the government must guarantee that a
company cannot fire him simply because it is
moving elsewhere to save money.
This does not make sense if one staunchly
defends capitalism for the sake of capitalism.
It makes all the sense in the world if one
operates on the premise that the duty of a
government is to secure the greatest good to
the greatest number, which is the basic prem-
ise of the democratic system.
If this is welfare-state capitalism, then wel-
fare-state capitalism is what is needed in this
instance. And along with it must come a new
perspective in American thought.
THE RECENT DECISION of a federal court
in Detroit seems to have applied the shackles
of a welfare state to the mobility of private
The United Auto Workers immediately
chomped at the enticing bait of the court rul-
ing-which will propably not receive widespread
acceptance-and commenced studying a num-
ber of plants now in the process of being relo-
cated, with an eye toward the filing of legal
actions to ensure the workers' "right to trans-
There are a number of ethical questions at
hand in the dispute of these relocations. An
employer does have a certain number of moral,
as well as legal, obligations to his employes:
adequate salary, safe working conditions, ac-
ceptance of collective bargaining, cooperation
with the workers in establishing pension and
welfare programs, vacation and sick pay regu-
lations. Most of these are almost universally
It is also easy to charge the Southern states
--who are luring away Northern industries--
with unfair and irresponsible actions when they
use municipal bonds to build structures for
private industries and keep them off the tax
rolls for five or ten years.
THE MORE BASIC question, however, has
yet to be raised. Implicit in the problem of
the workers' right to transfer is the funda-
mental question of the extent of a company's
obligation to its personnel. What does the com-
pany 'owe' a man if it has provided his keep
for a number of years?
Is there, first of all, a real devotion on the
worker's side towards his company? In the vast
majority of the cases, I think the answer is a
decided No. The company works for its bene-
fit; the worker labors for his own benefit. The
worker has a legal right to quit anytime he
Now, his leaving (to question his moral right
to do so would be to deny the glorious heritage
of democratic liberties, specifically the freedom
of occupation) could very seriously injure the
company, whether in prestige or painful eco-
No one has suggested that the company, even
though it can prove the loss hurts it financial-
ly, has any right-legal or otherwise-to de-
mand compensation from the worker.
FOLLOWING the logic of the court ruling, the
worker has the right to better his economic
position at the expense of the company (which
may in fact be only one man's pocketbook), but
the company does not have the reciprocal right
to better its position if it involves injuring the
employer. What sort of consistent justice is
It seems only fair that the factory owner
and the factory worker be given equal rights
and opportunities. No one can deny that both
may have given appreciably of themselves to
the company, yet both receive compensation
from it. The freedom of movement accorded to
the worker must, as any right, be guaranteed
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Georgetown F acing Suit
demon." To get his pile of loot he
becomes a money-lender and
takes money from weeping, starv-
ing widows and throws one of his
best friends in jail. He has truly
sunk to the depths.
THE FINAL IRONY (of course
every story has to have a final
irony) is that Miya had agreed
to marry Tomiyama so that she
could send Kan-ichi to Europe to
continue his studies. And natural-
ly Kan-ichi thinks she married
money so that she could live in
a big house and wear diamonds.
Miya is filled with regrets soon
after the marriage, mainly because
her husband torments her by
bringing his mistress home to din-
ner and expecting Miya to pour
In the end the lovers are re-
united after a narrow brush with
death. They stand together on the
edge of a swamp holding each oth-
er as the sun rises slowly in the
east promising them a happy life
THE MOVIE has everything, if
one, can eliminate such minor
items as coherent plot and be-
lievable characterizations. It fea-
tures blood, weeping widows, howl-
ing dogs raging through the
storm, fire scenes, venerable par-
ents and a beautiful rival money-
lender who is constantly trying to
On the more technical side, the
movie was beautifully done. The
costumes were good, the photog-
raphy even better; any movie im-
proves when it is filmed in color.
There was nothing phony about
either the scenery or the tremen-
dous fire scene.
, - , *
THE SHORT that was offered to
counter-act the emotionalism of
"The Golden Demon'' was a Char-
lie Chaplin feature. It is amazing
how much solid humor can be
achieved solely through panto-
mime. Even though Chaplin should
be thoroughly out-dated, his abil-
ity to perform totally nonsensical
slapstick and carry-off farcial sit-
uations wears well through the
"OUR CENTRAL TASK in the
underdeveloped areas, as we
see it, is to protect the independ-
ence of the revolutionary process
now going forward . . . We are
committed by the nature of our
system to support the cause of
national independence . . . The
victory we seek . . . will not be a
victory of the United States over
the Soviet Union. It will not be
a victory of capitalism over so-
cialism. It will be ahvictory of
men and nations which aim to
stand up straight over the forces
which wish to entrap and exploit
their revolutionary aspirations."
-W. W. Rostow
TAMMY Tell Me True comes to
Ann Arbor to tell us that good
old fashioned Bible-taught sim-
plicity, while a rare commodity,
is still capable of mastering the
problems of modern man.
Sandra Dee plays a riverboat
nymph of simple ways and quaint
speech. Her parents are dead, and
she has recently lost her boot-
legging, preaching grandfather to
the revenoors. Her boy friend, off
to learn about the ducks and the
drakes, is at the agricultural col-
Her letters get no answers, and
so Tammy decides to go to college
herself. Her goal is to talk like
we moderns do, so that her boy-
friend won't be ashamed of her.
Deans of women, speech pro-
fessors and coed colleagues all
must make the difficult adjust-
ment to this breath of fresh air
from the swamps.
* * *
MAKE IT THEY DO. The speech
professor falls in love with this
picturesque american inamorata.
Her naive lust for the good things
in life pleases him, so that he
constantly must smile at the
strange picture Tammy paints of
the things around her.
This delightful character is
played by John Gavin. Not even
his achievements in the Air Force
(and they have been considerable)
can match his fine performance
' But the courting of the pro-
fessor and the fate of Peter,
Tammy's first love, must 'share
our attention with a rich old lady
who is withering on the vine until
Tammy's down-to-earth view of
things restores her to the cheery
creature of her youth.
The villain (there is only one)
is the niece of this lady, who wants
to have her declared insane so
that the estate will be accessible
to her own greedy clutches.
WILL SHE SUCCEED? Will the
professor succeed? Will the audi-
ence wait around until something
happens? All these questions bouy
up the film until the end, which is
followed by a newsreel and a
documentary on Greece.
(If you come at the wrong time,
you see the documentary before
you see the film, which is like
eating the icing before the spongy
stuff in a Michigan Union pastry.)
The odds are excellent that
Tammy can provide some enter-
tainment for everyone. The whole
cast, after all, put up with the
show for months. There was only
one character dissatisfied with
the show, and that - as before
stated - was the villain.
By ROBERT FARRELL
special To The Daily
W ASHINGTON-A Georgetown
University graduate has filed
a suit in district court here which
could conceivably serve as a pow-
erful weapOn to force the end of
college hazing and similar activi-
ties across the nation.
Richard F. Heimbuch is suing
the university for $250,000 in dam-
ages for injuries resulting from
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
The Daily Official Bulletin is an
official publication of The Univer-
sity of Michigan for which The
Michigan Daily assumes no editorial
responsibility. Notices should be
sent in TYPEWRITTEN form to
Room 3519 Administration Building,
before 2 p.m., two days preceding
FRIDAY, JULY 14
Educational Film Preview: Fri., July
14 at 2 p.m. in the Schorling Aud.,
University School. "Nick" and "Secrets
of the Underwater world."
Guest Lecturer: Roberto Gerhard,
English composer and Visiting Profes-
sor of Composition Spring 1960, will re-
turn on Fri., July 14, to lecture at 4:15
p.m. in Aud. D on "Sound Observed,"
and will perform his "Colage." Open to
the public without charge.
Physics Lecture: Dr. G. R. Satchler,
Oak Ridge, will speak on "Distorted
wave Theory of Direct Reactions" on
Fri., July 14 at 3:30 p.m. in 2038 Randall
Doctoral Examination for John Paul
Ulrich, Physics; thesis: "The Refrac-
tion of Plane and Cylindrical Sound
Disturbances by a Plane Moving Shock
Front," Fri., July 14, 2038 Randall Lab.,
at 3:00 p.m. Chairman, Otto Laporte.
Student Recital: John Lindenau,
trumpet, will present a recital in par-
tial fulfillment of the requirements for
the degree Master of Music on Sun.,
July 16, 8:30 p.m., in Aud. A. He will
be assisted by John Morse, horn, and
Jerry Bilik, trombone. Compositions are
by Telemann, Casterede, Giannini, and
Poulenc. Open to the public.
The Music of Igor Stravinsky will be
presented Sun., July 16, 4:15 p.m., And.
A in a vocal and instrumental program
with David Sutherland, conductor. The
Stravinsky program will consist of his
"Cantata," written in 1952, "In Memor-
iam Dylan Thomas," (1954), and "Mass"
(1948). Open to the public without
Trhe following part-time jobs are
available. Applications can be made in
2200 SAB Monday through Friday, 8:00
a.m. to 12:30 p.m.
(Continued on Page 3)
hazing during his freshman year.
He claims to have suffered a thigh
fracture resulting in a permanent
limp during the freshman hazing
He is charging the university
with negligence in allowing hazing
activities which it knows to be
OBSERVERS AGREE that if he
is successful in his suit, the deci-
sion would act as a powerful fi-
nancial lever to provoke college,
and university administrations
everywhere to at least regulate
hazing much more carefully than
at present. if not end it entirely.
But, they point out, hazing has
been dying out as a university
phenomenon during recent years
anyway, so the suit's effect might
be less than anticipated.
And its application .to hazing
that is not as closely conected
to the university would still be
uncertain. This would include
such things as fraternity and hon-
orary initiations and hazings.
Georgetown University officials
have refused to comment on the
(BUT University attorney Wil-
liam Lemmer was doubtful that a
similar suit could succeed here.
. (Aside from the University rul-
ing against hazing, the University
as a public institution of the state
has the right to plead govern-
not have governmental immunity
from such suits.
Berlin Crisis Distorted
TIHE ADDRESS made by Secretary of State
Dean Rusk to the National Press Club was
as commendable for its coolness as for the
frankness with which it faced the contrived
pressure being exerted by the Soviet Com-
While mentioning "the latest threats to West
Berlin," the speech dealt at greater length
with "the underlying crisis of our generation."
This, Rusk said, "arises from the fact that the
Soviet Union did not join the United Nations
in fact as well as in form" nor really lend
itself to the commitments it and other nations
made during World War II.
THE CENTRAL ISSUE of this continuing
crisis, he added, is the announced deter-
tnination of the Marxist-Leninists to impose
"a world of coercion" upon those not already
subjected to this belated and reactionary im-
perialism. In this effort they have distorted
and corrupted even the language of inter-
national relations so that "peace" means con-
ditions favorable to their expansionism, and
"aggression" is whatever stands in its way.
An example of Communist distortion of fact
and morality appears in the practically simul-
taneous news conference assertions of an
MICHAEL BURNS .......................... Co-Editor
SUSAN FARRELL ......................... Co-Editor
DAVE KIMBALL.....................Sports Editor
RUTH EVENBUIS ....................... Night Editor
MICHAEL OLiNICK...................Night Editor
East German official, Deputy Foreign Minister
Otto Winzer. Herr Winzer repeated the shop-
worn claim that British, French and American
air travel to West Berlin will come legally
under the control of East Germany as soon as
the latter signs a "peace treaty" between it
and Soviet Russia.
THIS CLAIM, it should be clearly under-
stood in the West, rests on a triple fiction.
The first false premise is that the East
German regime is an independent govern-
ment depending on the will of the people it
governs. It represents, of course, only an in-
finitesimal Communist minority held in power
by the Soviet army divisions.
The second false premise is that by at-
taining this pseudo-sovereignty it has ac-
quired jurisdiction over the ground on which
West Berlin stands and over the corridors of
access implicit in the postwar arrangement for
that city. The rights of West Berliners to self-
government and of Anglo-French-American
troops to defend it for them existed before
there was an East German government; it
therefore has no right unilaterally to set
aside or impair them.
The third falsehood involved is a pretense
that, by writing a treaty with its puppet, the
Soviet Union can convey something it never
possessed, namely the right to regulate and
prohibit passage of people and goods between
West Berlin and West Germany. Any authority
the East German satraps could receive through
a treaty would be subject to the same limita-
tions as the authority of the Soviet Union
itself under the four-power agreements which
established the present status of Berlin.
AIR FORCE STATIONS:
Radar System Guards Northern Skies'
By SID MOODY
Associated Press Newsfeatures Writer
NEW ELECTRONIC fingers are
feeling across the northern
skies. They are to pinpoint not
only where enemy missiles are
coming from but where they are
This is the Air Force's Ballistic
Missile Early Warning System
The latest in the United States'
network of radar defenses, BM-
EWS will operate from three bases
across the northern part of the
Western world. One station at
Thule, Greenland became opera-
tional last October.
The other two are at Clear,
Alaska, 80 miles south of Fair-
banks (see map) and Fylingdales
Moor, Yorkshire, England.
Clear is scheduled to become
operational this summer while the
English base will be completed at
a later date.
The Air Force is counting on the
BMEWS system to provide about
15 minutes advance warning of a
missile attack over the top of the
The huge radar sets are so pre-
cise they can detect a nose cone
3,000 miles away-and nose cones
are not much bigger than a barrel.
Tracking the enemy missile the
radar will be able to determine the
tr'.sntnr-k nf the missl.v where it
When a missile enters the first
fan, its speed and position is de-
termined. Seconds later the missile
passes through the upper fan
where its position and velocity are
By comparing the two readings
electronic brains will compute
where the missile is going and at
The radar reflectors are almost
the size of a football field-165
feet high and 400 feet wide. There
are three of them at Clear and
Thule, each designed to work with
as much as a half inch of ice over
it. They are designed to stand
up under winds of as much as 110
miles an hour.
The sets send out very short
radio signals measured at a power
level of multi-million watts. After
each transmission the beam shuts
down while the receivers listen for
an answering echo from any object
in the path of the fan.
The power of the returing
bounce is tiny - measured in
thousandths of a millionth of a
millionth of a watt. Compared to
the outgoing signal it is the same
ratio as a basketball compared to
BMEWS adds a vital dimension
to North American defense.
Those radar lines to protect the
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