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June 28, 1961 - Image 4

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Michigan Daily, 1961-06-28

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:.

"I Always Like To Watch Their Reactions
When This One Springs Open"

rLAtiean aily
Seventy-First Year
EDITED AND MANAGED BY STUDENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN
"Where Opinions Are Free UNDER AUTHORITY OF BOARD IN CONTROL OF STUDENT PUBLICATIONS
Truth Will Prevail" STUDENT PUBLICATIONS BLDG. * ANN ARBOR, MICH. * Phone NO 2-3241
Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This must be noted in all reprints,
WEDNESDAY, JUNE 28, 1961 NIGHT EDITOR: JUDITH OPPENHEIM

WALTER LIPPMANN:
Cold War Demands
Stren th Purpose
THE COUNTRY NEEDS, I feel, to hear its leaders in both parties
discuss and debate this question: Can the United States cope suc-
cessfully with world Communism and at the same time make govern-
ment smaller and expenditures less? There are many who think so, and
for myself I wish I could think so too. For what more could our hearts
desire than to win the cold war while we reduce the power of gov-
ernment to tax, to regulate, and to conscript?
If this could be done. we should have reached the millenium. But,
unhappily, we have not reached the millenium. This is the cold war
against the most formidable adversary that ever challenged us, and
it is a daydream to suppose that we can have the better of this power-

*1

J

Medical Education:
Quality First

EDUCATORS TRADITIONALLY have been
the most vigorous opponents of the popular
American doctrine that quality and quantity
are interchangeable commodities.
Colleges and universities are the last strong-
holds of the quality first principle, and even
they seem to be fighting a losing battle, as
evidenced by a report issued this month by
Prof. Walter J. McNerney of the business ad-
ministration school.
Among the recommendations of Prof. Mc-
Nerney's committee, the Governor's Commis-
sion on Pre-Paid Hospital Care, was a "long
range, co-operative study of the relationships
between various professional organizations. in-
cluding the eventual merger of the state
medical and ostepathic societies."
Noting that Michigan is only 27th among the
states in the number of physicians per 100,000
Santa Claus?
DWIGHT EISENHOWER came "home" Mon-
day and illustrated the Associated Press
adage that "the nice thing about being Presi-
dent is what happens once you are out of
office."
A big "welcome home" party was held for
Ike at Hershey, Pa. ($109.50 a ticket), and the
White House veteran responded energetically
by signing autographs, shaking hands with
the waiters and joining in a male chorus sing-
ing "Jack the Knife."
In a more serious vein, Eisenhower sized
up the new administration:
"The picture of government, as I see it, is
of a gigantic Santa Claus, and we're dancing
around the Christmas tree, hoping for our
presents. But each package is marked in fine
print, so we don't have to read it, 'You don't
have to pay for this, but your grandchildren
will.'"
HE FORMER PRESIDENT'S sudden con-
cern over the fate of the generation after
tomorrow's is in marked contrast to his earlier
actions. Premier Ihrushchev's repeated boast
that these tots will be living under socialism
failed to evoke any meaningful action from
Ike.
The burden we are placing on our grand-
children-the cost of the Kennedy 'presents'-
seems small compared to the inss of an entire
political system. Eisenhower is optimistic if
he feels his eight years of leadership helped
insure a future in which we will have even
enough freedom to pay our debts as we see
fit.
-M. OLINICK

people, McNerney points out that the state
is second nationally in the number of os-
teopaths.
MERGER of the two groups' state societies
would mean osteopaths would have use of
facilities and operating privileges in hospitals
which are now open only to medical doctors.
In an article in the Ann Arbor News of June
17, McNerney is quoted as saying "The educa-
tion of osteopaths is getting better and better,
and the state should consider support of edu-
cation for osteopaths."
Regardless of how good osteopathic training
has become, it is a far cry from training in
any accredited medical school. The training
period is shorter and there is much less op-
portunity for specialization.'
Medical education is also getting "better and
better". The standards of the profession are
continually being raised, fields of specializa-
tion are increasing yearly and the scope of
medical knowledge has grown so vast it is
impossible for a doctor to be proficient in many
fields.
THIS IS THE TIME to raise standards, to
make qualifications more stringent and to
finance state medical education which is as
detailed, up-to-date and progressive as pos-
sible.
It is not a time to decide that because we
need more doctors we will lower our standards
and let the state authorize and support a
second-rate training program.
If osteopaths are trained in state-supported
schools and accorded use of medical facilities
the ratio of osteopaths to medical doctors, now
1:6, will climb rapidly because it is easier,
cheaper and quicker to receive osteo-
pathic training than medical training. Why
should the state support education for os-
teopaths? Why not instead convert the os-
teopathic institutions to medical schools with
the standards of state medical schools enforced
and with qualified medical personnel teaching
the course?
It is certainly the state's responsibility to
make good medical care available to all its
citizens. The report's recommendation for a
new medical school in the Grand Rapids area
is sound, as is the call for more educational
facilities for dentists. But if the state is em-
barking on a program to improve its health
facilities it should improve not only quantity,
but also quality. The "quantity uber alles"
principle was never a sound idea. And where
preservation of human life is the goal it is a
crime to set standards lower than the very
highest attainable.
-JUDITH OPPENHEIM

SPECIAL SESSION:
Moderates and Nuisance Taxes

ful and purposeful government by
powerful and less purposeful. It is
cold war cannot be won cheaply,
that it cannot be won without a
government that is strong enough
to mobilize our superior resources
for defense, for the financing of
our foreign policy, and for the de-
unpleasant, but it is true, that the
velopment of our internal national
power.
* * *
THE SOVIET UNION is much
poorer than the United States.
Our total production of wealth is
probably twice as great as that of
the Soviet Union. Yet with this
smaller wealth the Soviet Union
has established a military power
which we must treat as equal to
our own. At the same time the
Soviet government is operating
systems of public education and
of public health which are en-
hancing greatly the real national
power of the Soviet peoples. All of
this has been done by a powerful
and purposeful government which
puts national strength ahead of
private affluence.
Our American task is to gener-
ate superior national strength. For
this we must have a powerful and
purposeful national government.
But because we are richer and
have a more productive economy,
it As possible for us to meet the
cost of the coldwar without any
serious reduction in the private
standard of life. What we cannot
do is to refuse to meet the cost of
the cold war because we do not
want the national government to
be powerful and purposeful.
* * *
I THINK I am quite well aware,
having written much about the
subject for many years, that pow-
erful and purposeful states are a
menace to the liberties of their
people. Thus, as we know, the
Soviet state suppresses almost all
the political liberties that for us
are inalienable. We ourselves are
still a reasonably free country. But
the people of the United States are
certainly less free than they were
before the wars of the twentieth
century. We now have much to
worry about in the preservation of
our freedom, as Gen. Eisenhower
said in the noble speech which
was his valedictory.
There is no !getting away from
the fact that, as Lord Acton said,
power corrupts. But, also, there is
no getting away from the fact
that. powerlessness invites confu-
sion, demoralization, and defeat.
The national power, which we
must have in order to hold our
place in the world; is expensive,
inconvenient, irritating, and dan-
gerous. But though we must be
acutely vigilant, we must not de-
lude ourselves into thinking that
we can do without it.
(c) 1961 New York Herald Tribune, Inc.

making our own government less
RYAN
Kuwait
Crisis
By WILLIAM L. RYAN
Associated Press News Analyst
IRAQ'S attempt to annex the
fabulously rich little sheikdom
of Kuwait on the Persian Gulf
may seem like a little crisis now,
but it could turn into a big one.
Kuwait is a prize worth fight-
ing for.
A little sun-blistered corner of
the Arabian world, smaller than
the state of New Jersey, it has
only about 210,000 inhabitants,
less than half of them Kuwaitis.
But it has an embarrassment of
riches from a golden flow of eas-
ily accessible oil.
The political waters of the
Middle East have been relatively
and surprisingly calm now for
three years. But crisis always lurks
in the Arab East, and the latest
move by Iraq's revolutionary gov-
ernment in Baghdad can stir up a'
new one.
* * *
IRAQI Premier Abdel Karim
Kassem's claim to Kuwait could
bring about a situation in which
the Communist world bloc might
hope to enjoy itself immensely,
since there would be an implicit
threat to a major source of oil for
Britain and Western Europe. The
oil flow could be further threat-
ened by a new' outbreak of quar-
reling among the Arabs them-
selves.
Soviet influence has been strong
in Baghdad ever since the bloody
mid-1958 revolution which over-
threw Iraq's Hashemite monarchy.
The Communists have been flex-
ing their muscles in Baghdad; al-
though Kassem has been holding
them at arms' length. A new situ-
ation bringing Moscow strongly to
the side of the Baghdad regime
would surely strengthen the Com-
munist hand in Iraq once again.
PRESIDENT Gamal Abdel Nas-
ser, strongest single Arab nation-
alist leader, has been feuding with
Kassem for more than two years,
ever since the Iraqi revolution
turned away from the United Arab
Republic brand of pan-Arabism.
The reaction in Cairo to an at-
tempted Iraqi takeover in Kuwait
could be violent. Already an urgent
meeting of the Arab League Coun-
cil seems in prospect. Nasser al-
ways had had an active interest
in Kuwait, where he enjoys strong
support from the ranks of young
and rebellious Arab intellectuals.

4

4

d

.1

1

FROM OTHER CAMPUSES:
Propaganda on Testing

By PETER STEINBERGER
Daily Staff Writer
THE SPECIAL SESSION of the
state Legislature on June 15th
ended without adding anything
to the higher education appro-
priation, despite widely publicized
efforts by the Senate's "moderate"
Republicans to have an increase
put on the agenda.
Since Gov. Swainson had loudly
complained about the inadequacy
of the education bill, it was expect-
ed by some that he would include
the nuisance tax renewal and the
education budget hikes on the
special session.
The nuisance taxes (on cigar-
ettes and telephone bills) were
the revenue-producing bill the Re-
publican moderates had insisted
must accompany any hike in
spending. But since the governor
himself had decided in the last
days of the regular session he
would support the nuisance taxes,
it might have been thought that
he'd ask for their consideration
in the special session.
BUT the governor didn't ask
for the appropriation to be brought
up, and so it remained off the
agenda. A request by Senate Re-
publican "moderates" that he in-
troduce it was turned down by the
governor, who explained he would
approve it only when he was
guaranteed enough votes to see
the bill passed.
That number, in the Senate, is
18. (There would have been no
difficulty passing the increase in
the House.) There are 12 Demo-
crats in the Senate and-accord-
ing to the Republicans - eight
moderates. That makes 20.
But nobody could show the gov-
ernor 18 votes to pass a bill. There
are two expert schools of thought
on this matter, and their spokes-
men explain the matter well:
First, there are the "moderate"
theorists, whose spokesman Sen.
Stanley Thayer (R-Ann Arbor),
says:
"Gov. Swainson's inability to
hold the votes of mmebers of his
party was resopnsible for the fail-

ure to ipcrease appropriations for
state colleges and universities."
He adds that he had promised
the governor eight Republican
votes in favor of continuing the
nuisance taxes to get funds for
larger education allotment.
Thayer explains that when he
offered his eight votes to Senate
minority leader Harold M. Ryan
(D-Detroit), Ryan told him the
Democrats could only guarantee
six votes. Six and eight making
only 14, Thayer couldn't offer the
governor his majority-in-advance.
* * *
BUT the opposing theorists hold
to another argument, and Harold
Ryan explains things well:
"We had no commitment to
support the nuisance taxes, but
almost all (this later clarified to
"80 per cent") of us were ready
to support a measure to aid the
schools.
"But the Republicans could
never promise more than six
votes."' (Sen. Thayer, apparently,
is not too good in his public
arithmetic, or else Sen. Ryan is
similarly weak in his public mem-
ory.)
"Obviously, with only six Re-
publican votes added to our votes
there wasn't enough to pass the
bill."
Since there are 12 Democrats in
the Senate, even only six Republi-
cans (and moderate ones at that)
seem to have been enough for
passage. But it turns out that this
wasn't the case, because a Demo-
crat and a moderate Republican
had gone on trips to Europe right
after the end of theSenate's
regular session,
* * *
SEN. RYAN CONFIRMS that
the governor was well aware of
these trips while they were still
far in the future, one might per-
haps ask why the good governor
didn't either (1) try to get the
senators to postpone their travels
a few days until the special ses-
sion was over, or (2) hold the
special session at a later date,
when these two votes would again
be available.

The second choice is interesting
for another reason: the Demo-
crats not in the "80 per cent"-
that is, those who wouldn't have
supported the nuisance tax bill-
might not have opposed it if the
special session had been called
after the end of the fiscal year.
This because of campaign prom-
ises that they would allow the
nuisance taxes to lapse.
Such a change of heart sounds
dubious, but we are assured of
its truth. It seems that if. the
governor had called the session
later in the summer the nuisance
tax might have been passed.
Now since the governor knew all
this (we suppose) why didn't he
wait? Sen. Ryan aoesn't know, he
says. No one else seems to know
either.
* * *
THERE IS ALSO a fascinating
theory among Democrats about
why the governor didn't take those
varmint moderates at their word
about their "eight" votes and put
the nuisance tax on the agenda
anyway. It seems that this would
be dirty politics because some
people's hopes would be raised-
and then dropped by the session's
failure to carry through.
"There are some things you
can't play politics with," a Sen-
ate Democrat explains. "It would
just be dirty politics."
The next chance the Legisla-
ture will have to avoid Dirty
Politics may come in the summer.
If the school aid bill is passed by
Congress, Sen. Ryan foresees a
special session of the Legislature'
to provide the implementing legis-
lation for this state.
Perhaps, if the battle against
Politics goes really well, the Legis-
lature will not only avoid voting
more state funds to education, but
will turn down federal funds as
well.
And perhaps these legislators
are right in criticizinE the way our
education dollar (and the singular
is used advised: ) is being spent.
Perhaps for a few years we should
spend less of that money on uni-
versity students, and more of it
on Capitol politicians.

; Y

r

.,

*:

WITH the nuclear test ban talks between the
United States; Russia and Britain at
an unresolved stalemate, it is imperative
that the Kennedy administration prepare itself
to deliver a firm and clear-cut message to the
forum of world opinion if and when the United
States decides to resume testing.
Three years have passed since the decision
was made in this country to voluntarily halt
nuclear testing without any reassurances from
the Russians, other than their word, that they
would also suspend their tests. This sincere and
altruistic gesture on the part of former Presi-
dent Eisenhower and his counselors was met
with, and is now undergoing, disdain and
derision by Premier Khrushchev. Our country
has laid its neck on the chopping block long
enough, and we had better pull it off while
it is still intact.
If a decision to resume nuclear testing is
reached, it will undoubtedly cost President
Kennedy long hours in weighing the moral,
ethical and humanitarian considerations in-
volved in such a move. But this determination
must not be made with quiet resignation. A
decision to start testing again must include
the realization that the United States is under
dire obligation to project its voice into every
corner of the world to explicitly explain why
it is taking this step.
THE STORY needs to be forcefully told. The
United States offered to throw its doors and
windows wide open for inspection if the Rus-
sians would do the same. This nation agreed to
accept the presence of an international control
commission to insure the complete halt of
nuclear tests and to abide by the enforcement
Editorial Staff
MICHAEL BURNS ....................... Co-Editor
SUSAN FARRELL........................ Co-Editor
DAVE KIMBALL......................Sports Editor
RUTH EVENHUIS .....................Night Editor

regulations. We were anxious to prevent the
spread of nuclear weapons to the point where
it would be impossible to control them. The
United States went as far as it could in an
attempt to leash the horrendous nuclear arms
race, and the Russians have made a mockery
of the entire effort.
The United States is being pushed into the
resumption of its testing or face the prospect
of Russia, and possibly China, developing
superior tactical nuclear weapons. And, to top
it all off, the United States is supposed to bear
the onus for taking what may well be a
step for self-preservation.
THIS LAST EVENTUALITY must be counter-
acted with a vigorous campaign to let the
world know that we have gone so far, but
cannot, safely or sanely, go any farther. All
the means at our disposal should be used in
this venture. The Voice of America, the United
States Information Agency, private concerns
overseas, and our world-wide communications
system must reveal to the world that it is the
Russians who are forcing a return to nuclear
testing.
The United State's efforts in propagandizing
its stands and reasoning on critical issues has
not been outstanding in the past, and if we
allow the Russians to dupe us into accepting
the withering admonishments of public opinion
without laying the blame at the real offender's
door, we will irreparably damage our cause.
-INDIANA DAILY STUDENT
Calculated Risk
THE ST. LOUIS weather bureau has an-
nounced that its forecasts of showers will
have a set of odds from now on, giving the
citizens an idea of their chances of getting
wet.
There are wonderful ramifications to this
idea. Perhaps the State Department will take
if fin n .mnA pmA fn i Amni.a.. vin icrianne f

40To The Editor

" ,<.M:441.":4..Y.:::...::f:. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..: G."f,....:(.:" w""""
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
.....:1.. .......... ........ Y:...::.:............1., . .....l.............. :: . " . ......:.... .:::"::l"t.f"T...... . :"..":::

Union . . .
To the Editor:
HAVE READ with interest yes-
terday's article in the Michigan
Daily concerning Michigan Union
policy on privileges of guests. For-
tunately, the old issue of "unde-
sirable non-members," with all the
unpleasant connotations of the
word "undesirable," has been com-
pletely settled. Any non-member
may now be expelled from the
Union at the wishes of the man-
agement; the Union is a private
club.
However, I should like to suggest
that, if the Union is truly a private
club with all the attendant privi-
leges, non-members should either
be excluded entirely or admitted
only on special occasions. Such
policy could eliminate possible em-
barrassment to the Union manage-
ment. Moreover, expulsion without
stated or apparent reason must be
nothing but humiliating for any
student non-member, so long as
other student non-members are
freely admitted to the facilities.
I admire the aptitude of Mr.
Kuenzel and of the Union directors
for fine legal distinctions, but I
feel that their policies exhibit some
lack of human decency.
-Theodore Kilgore, '63
Freedom Rides *.*.
To the Editor:
N DISCUSSING the controversy
surrounding the Freedom Riders
it would be advisable to consider
the nature of the white man in the
South. He is dominant, but di-
vided. A small, hostile, violent

using the most effective means to
achieve their ends. The charge is
levied that they are "pushing too
hard." They say the South will
eventually come around.
The fallacy in the argument is
the assumption that the South will
become tolerant. There is no as-
surance that if direct action is not
taken, integration will result..Their
argument is wishful thinking, cen-
tered on the belief that there is
an easy solution to the problem,
that given a chance, man will be
good.
-Apparently, the only thing that
moves the larger, respectacle ele-
ment in the South is ugly violence
upsetting the equilibrium. The
Negro has. a right and he wants
to exercise it. The reaction to his
move may be ugly but it is doubt-
ful that unless the Negro asserts
his rights, he will receive them.
-Lawrence Meyer, '63

I

S, I
/

,,
''

The Daily Official Bulletin is an
official publication of The Univer-
sity of Michigan for which The
Michigan Daily assumes no editorial
responsibility. Notices should be
sent in TYPEWRITTEN form to
Room 3519 Administration Building,
before 2 p.m., two days preceding
publication.
WEDNESDAY, JUNE 28
General Notices
Regents' Meeting: Fri., July 28. Com-
munications for consideration at this
meeting must be i the President's
hands not later than July 18. PLEASE
SUBMIT TWENTY-ONE COPIES OF
EACH COMMUNICATION.
Staff Parking Permits: The validity
of the 1960-61 parking permits will be
extended through July 8, 1961. 1961-62
parking permits will be required July
10. 1961. and cars not bearing the new

Graduate Students expecting to re-
ceive the master's degree in August,
1961, must file a diploma application
with the Recorder of the Graduate
School. A student will not be recom-
mended for a degree unless this appli.
cation is submitted by June 30.
OPENING TONIGHT: 8:00 p.m. Lydia
Mendessohn Theatre, Archibald Mac-
Leish's powerful story based on the
book of Job, "J.B." Performances thru
Saturday evening.
Season tickets for "J.B." "MY THREE
ANGELS" (July 12-15), "THE BEDBUG"
(July 19-22), "RASHOMON" (Aug. 2-5),
and "SUSANNAH" (Aug. 9-12; opera) or
for individual productions now avail-
able from 10 a.m. daily at the Mendels-
sohn box office. Season tickets $6.00 or
$4.00 for all five shows; $5.00 or 3.50
for any four shows. Add 25c each Fri-
day or Saturday performance ticket
requested.
Events Wednesday

Wayne State University will speak on
"Photography and the Civil War" on
Wed., June 28 at 7:15 p.m. in Aud. B.
His lecture, illustrated by slides, will
be fliowed by the official opening at
8 p.m. of the Museum of Art gallery ex-
hibition of Michigan and the Civil War.
Lecture: The first of three summer
lectures on Communist China will be
presented Wed., June 28 at 4 p.m. in
Aud. A by Alexander Eckstein, Prof. of
Economics, University of Rochester,
who will speak on "Ecnomic Develop-
ments in Communist China."
Lecture: Paul G. Kauper, Prof. of
Law, will speak on "Freedom of Asso-
ciation: The First Amendment and the
Balance of Interest" on Wed., June
28 at 4:15 p.m. in 120 Hutchins Hall.
Events Thursday
Educational Film Preview: Thurs.,
June 29 at 2 p.m. in the Schorling
Aud., University School. "And N Bells

Berlin

"I HAVE long questioned and I
continue to question a status
quo which places us in the posi-
tion, in effect, of pleading with
or urging the Russians not to
withdraw their military forces
from the Westernmost point of
penetration which they reached in
Europe in the wake of World War
II. I do not think we can safe-
guard most effectively our own in-
terests or advance the interests of
peace when we insist upon remain-
ing directly under a Communist
sword of Damocles, as in now the
case in Berlin, if a rational alter-
native may be founfl to that k'osi-

:4

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