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August 02, 1961 - Image 2

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Michigan Daily, 1961-08-02

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"You Brought A Friend--Don't You Trust Me?"

Seventy-First Year
Truth Will Prevail" STUDENT PUBLICATIONS BLDG. * ANN ARBOR, MIC. * Phone NO 2-3241
Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.

West Soldifies Position
In Cold War World
Associated Press News Analyst
SINCE PRESIDENT KENNEDY'S not-one-step-backward speech on
Berlin, the United States has sent several thousands soldiers to Ger-
many some of whom, because part of the force they were to have re-
placed will be held for a while, become part of a beefing up process
Great Britain, Ireland and Denmark are applying for membership
in the European Common Market, and are expected to be followed by
Norway, Sweden, Denmark, Austria, Switzerland and Portugal.
The new American troops for Europe-2,100 left New York last
Friday-were assigned as part of a regular routine.
The economic union of Western Europe, which already included
West Germany, France, Holland, Belgium, Italy and Luxembourg, was

New Diplomacy
No Improvement on Old

Wilson era, been gradually replaced in this
country by a "new" diplomacy of which the
summit conference is the most notable evi-
Former Presidents Woodrow Wilson and
Dwight Eisenhower stand out particularly as
proponents of negotiation by heads of states.
Their actions were seemingly prompted by the
public's distrust of secret agreements and by
their own convictions that personal persuasion
and straightforward discussion would result in
better understanding. Possibly, these tendencies
were augmented by considerations of expedien-
cy. Certainly "red tape" and endless "go-be-
tweens" might thus be bypassed.
ON THE SURFACE, these arguments seem
plausible enough. But the traditional diplo-
macy, employing professional representatives of
the chief of state, was in many ways far pref-
erable. Even in seeking to avoid "secret bar-
gains" and to encourage straightforward dis-
cussion, traditional diplomacy has a better
chance of success. It must be conceded that
the great publicity accruing to discussions by
heads of states diminishes-although it doesn't
eliminate-the possibility of secret bargains.
But this same publicity all but eliminates the
possibility of straightforward discussion.
THE LEADERS involved are under double
pressure in such conferences. First, they are
conferring before a world audience. They must
consider the propaganda import of their state-
ments-and, so, their latitude in frank discus-
sion in narrowed They are also under pressure
from domestic sources. The least concession
arouses vociferous response from interest

groups which may succeed in crippling any
possible action. Thus, the essence of negotia-
tion-concession and counter-concession-is
ruled out.
IT IS PARTICULARLY upon the grounds of
expediency that the new tendency in diplo-
macy may be challenged. In the attempt to
establish a more flexible mechanism for ne-
gotiation, the situation actually becomes more
rigid. For besides the fact that publicity pre-
cludes open discussion and freedom to maneu-
ver, the leaders are bound by the finality of
the discussions.
A professional diplomat is able to arrive at
tentative agreements. Although he has his
chief's support, the fact that his decisions are
not irrevocable leaves him room for maneuver-
Heads of state are again at a disadvantage
in respect to time. The diplomat can become
familiar with customs, prejudices and related
obstacles to negotiation, but the busy chief of
state can spare little time from other concerns.
Further, such diplomacy precludes the grad-
ual give-and-take progress of diplomacy. De-
cisions must be made immediately and per-
manently. But complex problems defy immedi-
ate settlement, and the conditions of perman,
ency breed ultimatums.
PARTICULARLY in a cold war situation, it is
essential that diplomacy be conducted ac-
cording to the most effective means possible.
Where the new diplomacy stalemates discus-
sion the traditional permits flexibility. And
this flexibility is essential to diplomatic suc-

Students Initiate Programs

Decision Violates Public Trust

States government has missed its target.
In ruling the National Football League's
television contract with the Columbia Broad-
casting System invalid due to antitrust laws,
it showed how effectively it could go against
public will using a law designed to protect the
District Court Judge Allen K. Grim ruled
last Friday that the contract between CBS and
the NFL, by which CBS gained exclusive rights
to televising all NFL games, was illegal because
it violated antitrust laws in eliminating com-
petition getween the teams, which in general
is true.
Oddly enough, the National Collegiate Ath-
letic Association, the National Basketball As-
sociation, and the American Football League
all had contracts similiar to the NFL's without
being prosecuted.
What is wrong with the decision is that the
teams want to stop competition among them-
selves - to make more money.
The difference in the profit for the profes-
sional teams in this venture is high: with in-
dividual contracts such as they had before they
decided to transfer all accounts into one "pack-
age deal," the NFL squads received an average
of about $172,000 apiece for television rights to
their games.
W TH THE NEW all-in-one contract, CBS is
willing to pay $9,300,000 to the NFL to be
divided equally. This amounts to nearly $300,-
000 each, a great deal more than the previous
The team managers and owners state that
the difference between the two sums for the
small clubs will be the difference between
profit and loss. In other words without the
"package deal," there would be a great danger
of the weaker and newer teams having to
stop playing.

The ruling would also set a precedent which
would be dangerous to all televised college
sports, since they too are under a package
contract through the NCAA.
But what was the original purpose of the
antitrust legislation? Was it not to protect the
people from being explointed by large business
THE ONLY MEDIUM in which the sponsor
of a program has any contact with the
viewer is through the commercial between
plays. Could this be the judge's reason? Of
course not. In short Grim did not have a rea-
CBS comes out ahead because it has exclu-
sive rights to NFL football games and there-
fore gets higher-priced advertising.
The fans are happy to know that they will
continue to watch fourteen star-studded teams
playing the best football in the world.
Even the competing networks cannot com-
plain, for ABC has its "package deal" con-
tracts with the AFL and the NCAA, while NBC
has its contract with the NBA.
for with more money changing hands, it
almost invariably gets a larger share.
No, only those people known as law en-
forcers and interpreters, the backbone of our
society, are left with ungladdenel hearts, for
they believe that all laws should be enforced to
the hilt.
That this group is working against public
interests is obvious. Whether they can be
stopped is unknown now.
But in my opinion Judge Grim and associates
are endangering the entertainment rights of
the American spectator by setting and holding
this dangerous precedent. The public wants the
professionals. Let them have a "monopoly" on
the pleasure.

Daily Staff Writer
THE WORK of the student gov-
ernment of the University of
North Carolina in carrying out
improvements in the university's
curriculum and operating pro-
cedure is a revelation of the prog-
ress possible when an administra-
tion and student government take
each other seriously and co-oper-
ate with each other.
The North Carolina student
government's academic affairs
committee last year won first place
in the Richard Welling Student
Government Achievement Compe-
tition co-sponsored by the Nation-
al Self-Government Committee
and the United States National
Student Association,
The academic affairs commit-
tee has undertaken consideration
of nearly all phases of the uni-
versity's academic life.
* * *
THE COMMITTEE'S first proj-
ect was the promotion of a state
bond issue for capital construc-
tion It launched a full-scale
campaign for passage of the is-
sue, including in its efforts the
publication and distribution of
pamphlets, sponsorship of radio
messages and letters sent from
students encouraging parents to
vote in favor of the bond pro-
Headed by Norman Smith, the
group also undertook a "letters-
to-the-editor" campaign from
students to newspapers in their
home towns, stressing the urgen-
cy of the bond issue, which passed
by an overwhelming majority.
Their second project was the
evaluation of nearly 6,000 course
hours in twelve university depart-
ments and schools.
The committee calculated that
its semester capacity for course
evaluation is approximately 5,000
student's course hours. They
therefore plan to complete a sur-
vey of all the school's 25,000 course
hours every three years.
The group began its evaluation
by submitting a letter to each in-
structor explaining its aims and
requesting him to participate in
the program. (Participation of
course was voluntary on the part
of faculty members.)
Students were then given, ques-
tionnaires divided into sections to
account for student attitude, the
quality of the instruction, the
course material and the course
The forms were similar to those
used by the University recently,
but more detailed.
They asked the student to cite
the frequency of his participation
in class discussion and the extent
to which he fell behind in his
work and found it necessary to
cram for examinations.
Questions about the instructor
asked for a listing of his strong
and weak points, suggesting com-
ment on topics such as his friend-
liness toward students; ease in
presenting the lecture; speaking

analyses to the dean of the facul-
ty, the chairmen of the particular
departments and the instructors
* * *
THE COMMITTEE next studied
the problems of freshman and
sophomore counseling. The dean
of the general college accepted the
committee's report and recommen-
dations for improvement of the
counseling system for freshmen
and sophomores.
Some of the committee's rec-
ommendations were put into ef-
fect last semester. The system sug-
gested by the committee is cal-
culated to give students in the
general college a more personal
relationship and more extensive
contact with their advisers.
They recommended that a let-
ter be sent to each general col-
lege student by his academic
counselor immediately after the
first group of quizzes and exams
each semester.
While not compulsory, the let-
ter would suggest a conference
between the student and adviser at
an arranged time. Itwas also sug-
gested that parents of each stu-
dent receive a copy of the letter.
The committee urged that dur-
ing orientation week group meet-
ings between students and advisers
be scheduled. At these meetings
the advisers would explain their
duties, discuss briefly various
forms of advising and counseling
available to North Carolina stu-
dents and pass out cards with in-
formation for contacting advis-
Soon after mid-semester reports
are issued, students are to receive
letters encouraging them to dis-
cuss with their respective coun-
selors their proposed programs of
study before the preregistration
period for the new semester begins.
* * *
tem was also considered in detail
by the academic affairs commit-
tee. They then made recommen-
dations to the dean of student
affairs regarding shortcomings be-
lieved to exist in the system.
It was decided that for the com-
ing semester there will be an at-
tempt to obtain better advisers by
increasing advertising with the
purpose of receiving more appli-
cations, better applicant screen-
ing, more thorough orientation
and continuing instruction, more
reports demanded of advisers and
greater control over them.
probably most important single
undertaking was a letter mailed to
principals of all Negro North Car-
oliria high schools.
The letter reminded the princi-
pals that the university is open
to all persons without discrimina-
tion, as long as applicants can
satisfy regular admission re-
The committee sent the letter
because members believed a great
many qualified Negro students

ANOTHER outstanding achieve-
ment of the committee was the
inclusion of students on several
faculty committees in an ex-offi-
cio working status.
Students now sit on committees
on scholarships, self-help and
s t u d e n t aid, buildings and
grounds, examinations and in-
structions and student affairs.
Appointments are made by the
president of the student body aft-
er nomination by the committee
involved. Negotiations are contin-
uing with several other important
faculty committees and Smith
hopes that students will obtain
membership on them before the
year is out.
The committee devoted consid-
erable study and publicity to "A"
courses, somewhat like the hon-
ors courses offered in various de-
partments in the University.
They received a favorable re-
action from both students and in-
structors when inquiring about
the program, first established at
North Carolina in 1958.
Faced with"a freshman English
problem similar to the Univer-
sity's, North Carolina requires all
freshmen to take a basic com-
position course.
The committee believed, how-
ever, that English comprehension
as well as composition should be
stressed and recommended a re-
quired reading course to take the
place of a mandatory hygiene
course. They also recommended a
course to improve reading skills
to be offered as a two-hour elec-
* * *
the National Defense Education
Act loans, the committee recom-
mended that the university issue
a protest against the loyalty
They also undertook a study of
admissions standards with the
hope that the problem of a large
percentage of freshman failures
might be eliminated by prior
screening. The committee's last
project was a comparative study
of faculty salaries
Many of the committee's proj-
ects were similar to programs
carried out at the University. The
work done by student members
of the steering committee of the
literary school and the honors
council is probably more extensive
than that done by the North Car-
olina academic affairs committee
because these are permanent
Student Government Council,
in its discussion of "pink slips"
in the fall will probably conduct
an analysis of residence halls sim-
ilar to the committee's.
Nevertheless the University is a
long way from admitting students
to faculty committees or serious-
ly accepting their recommenda-
tions on such matters as admis-
sions requirements or year-round
Perhaps co-ordination of stu-

produced by natural forces in the
main, though greatly spurred by
the general sense of a need for
unity in the face of Soviet pres-
But both automatically become
a part of a new organizational
face being presented by the West
since Nikita Khrushchev's threats
against Berlin.
* * *
AND SO DOES Defense Secre-
tary McNamara's reiteration of
the United States determination
to back the Western position with
nuclear power, poised for actual
use if that becomes necessary to
prevent serious encroachment.
So does the new energy shown
by Congress in answering Kenne-
dy's call for new money and new
There are other contributions to
the solid front, less sensational
and some less definitive.
Prime Minister Nehru, for in-
stance, is moving slowly within
the group of neutrals, led by Tito
and Nasser, which is trying to
create a third front in the world.
* * *
signed to ameliorate or merely to
take advantage of the world con-
flict is still a matter of question.
But Nehru has refused to endorse,
at least until after the Belgrade
conference, another conference of
the Bandung type in which he was
unable to exert a full restraining
influence several years ago, and
which produced much criticism of
the West.
The face-lifting being done in
the West and the new assertion
of Kennedy leadership also seems
likely to give pause to some coun-
tries which, after Cuba and Laos,
were about ready to write off the
United States as a dependable
The face now being presented
by the West is not really new. But
day by day its features become
more distinguishable among the
mists, with lines of determination
and power showing clearly.
fallen around Cuba is as disas-
trous to freedom as the Iron Cur-
tain in Europe or the Bamboo
Curtain in Red China.
The rest of the world watches to
see whether the Western Hemis-
phere can expel the Communist
beachhead in Cuba or whether, as
Nikita Khrushchev has proclaimed,
the Monroe Doctrine is dead.
Any evidence that the United
States is resigned to the existence
of a red satellite less than a hun-
dred miles from our shoreline will
almost certainly bring more of the
same in other Latin American
-Rep. Joe M. Kilgore (D-Tex)
The Daily Official Bulletin is an
official publication of The Univer-
sity of Michigan for which The
Michigan Daily assumes no editorial
responsibility. Notices should be
sent in TYPEWRITTEN form to
Room 3519 Administration Building
before 2 p.m., two days preceding
General Notices

Regents' Meeting: Fri., sept. 29. Com-
munications for consideration at this
meeting must be in the President's
hands not later than Sept. 19. Please
submit twenty-one copies of each com-
Events Wednesday
German Coffee Hour: Wed., Aug. 2 at
2 p.m. in 4072" Frieze Bldg. All persons
interested in speaking German are wel-
Lecture: by Robert L. Politzer, Prof.
of Romance Linguistics, on "Auditory
Discrimination of French by speakers
of English," Aug. 2, at 7:30 p.m.' in
3063, North University Bldg.
Doctoral Examination for Hamilton
West Marshall, Jr., Physics; thesis: "A
Multipass Vacuum Grading Ebert Spec-
trometer." Wed., Aug. 2, 2038 Randall
Lab., Chairman, C. W. Peters.
Doctoral Examination for Howard
Martin Wolowitz, Psychology; thesis:
"Attraction and Aversion to Power: A
Conflict Theory of Homosexuality in

Piano Duo,.
CHAMPAIGN-of the purely mu-
sical vintage-flowed freely at
Rackham last night.
The occasion was a two piano
recital by Charles Fisher and Eu-
gene Bossart, a kind of concert
rare in these parts. Working with
admirable coordination, communi-
cating only with their eyes, the
duo-pianists presented a program
composed almost completely of
music generally placed in the light
classical category.
The opening "Prelude and
Gigue" by Zipoli showed the piano
team already working at top effici-
ency. Even the rubato was in
accord, clearly the result of many
good practice sessions. Continuing
with a Mozart "Duettino Concer-
tante," Messrs. Fisher and Bos-
sart brought an almost music
box-like precision to the music,
and added to the effect visually by
a mirror-like appearance in hand
* ';* *
provided proof that the duo could
achieve dreamy color as well as
clipped precision, and provided an
interlude between the eighteenth
century (Mozart) and the twen-
tieth century (Poulenc).
The first Poulenc number, en-
titled "L'Embarquement pour Cy-
there," was an irreverent farce,
combining a gay schoolboy tune
with a waltz straight out of a
Viennese cafe. The Sonata that
followed, though more serious in
intent, was at least second cousin
to the earlier piece, and updated
"L'Embarque" by adding percus-
sive and jazz effects.
THE MEAT-and-potatoes por-
tion of the program came afte'
intermission, in the form of
Brahms' Op. 56b, "Variations on a
Theme by Haydn," a comdanion
piece to the composer's 56a, the
orchestral version of the varia-
tions Though two pianos could not
quite match the depth and variety
of color achieved in the orchestral
version, the ability of Brahms to
make practically all of his music
sound symphonic stood the piece
in good stead, as did the well co-
ordinated performance of the duo
AFTER this main course, the
dessert came, a whipped cream
souffle of two pieces: Rieti's "Aria
and Ecossoise," and Hutcheson's
version of Liszt's version of Ber-
lioz' "Rakoczy March" (from "The
Damnation of Faust"). The March
provided a suitable vehicle for
real pianistic fireworks (a la Liszt)
and paved the way for the encore,
"Brasiliera" from Milhaud's "Scar-
amouche Suite," which lacked only
maracas to capture a real Latin
American beat.
It was quite good. But, despite
the summer setting, one might
have enjoyed a bit more meat and
-Mark Slobin


Manifesto Warns World

powerful adversary of the free world, and
as the first maxim of survival must always be
"know thine enemy," the new Communist man-
ifesto should be studied by all who value free-
dom. This is Premier Khrushchev's counter-
part to Hitler's "Mein Kampf," and the world
can neglect it only at its peril.
The importance of this document to the out-
side world lies not in its profusion of "pie in the
sky" promises to deflect attention from the con-
tinued shabbiness and the physical and spiri-
tual hunger of Soviet life, nor in its fantastic
picture of a future Utopia, where everything
shall be free except freedom.
Its overriding importance lies in Premier
Khrushchev's renewed proclamation that the
Soviets can reach their unalterable goal of
complete communism, including the "withering
away" of the state,'only when the whole world
has become Communist, and that meanwhile
they will use the Soviet state as a power ap-
paratus to bring thisabout.

tain compressed in four words: "We shall bury
This is both a Communist and a Russian
document. Through it marches an older Rus-
sian imperialism which conquered all neigh-
boring peoples and expanded the Duchy of
Muscovy into the Russian empire, now stretch-
ing from the Elbe to the Bering Strait. Through
it runs the Messianic faith of the Russian soul
that Russia has the mission to save the world
-a faith of many facets which first proclaimed
Moscow to be the "third Rome" of a Christian
world and now the center of the Communist
ALL THESE ELEMENTS are mobilized and
tied into the Communist doctrine to give it
greater potency, including the Russian sense
of timelessness which always looks not to the
present but to the future for fulfillment. But
Soviet strategy does not depend on them alone.
It seeks to avoid a nuclear war that would
destroy the "Communist motherland," but
short of such a war all means must be used to

Events Thursday
Baratin, the informal conversation
group of the French Club, will meet
Thurs., Aug. 3, from 2 to 4 p.m. in the
Romance Languages Dept. Lounge, 3050
Frieze Bldg. All those interested in
speaking French are cordially invited
to stop in.
Student Recital: Elaine Warner, or-
ganist, will present a recital in partial
fulfillment of the requirements for
the degree Master of Music on Thurs.,
Aug. 3, 8:30 p.m., in Hill Aud. She
will play compositions by Buxtehude,
Pachelbel, Bach, Franck, Honnegger,
and Dupre. Open to the general public.
Summer Session Lecture Series: The
final lecture of the series will be pre-
sented by Arlin Turner, chairman,
department of English, Duke Univer-
sity on Thurs., Aug. 3, at 4:15 p.m. in
Aud. A. His topic is: "Southern Litera-
ture in thedBackwash of the Civil
War." Panel discussion at 7:30 p.m. in
Aud. A.
Linguistics Forum Lecture: Thurs.,
Aug. 3, at 7:30 p.m. in the Rackham
Amphitheatre. James W. Downer, As-
sistant Prof. of English will discuss
"Language Models in Linguistic Geog-
Doctoral Examination for John Law-
rence Hughes. Pharmaceutical Chem-
istry; thesis: "The Preparation and Use
of Mannich Products Obtained from
Alkylpyridines," Thurs., Aug. 3, 2525
Chemistry Bldg., at 2 p.m. Chairman,
F. F. Blicke.

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