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August 02, 1961 - Image 1

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Michigan Daily, 1961-08-02

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OLD DIPLOMACY
STILL NEEDED
See Page 2

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SHOWERS
High--77
Low--S7
Morning rain storms;
Clearing in afternoon

Sevently

Years of Editorial Freedom

VOL.;LXXI, No. 25S ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 2, 1961 FIVE CENTS

FOUR PAGES

Meier Analyzes
Research Parks
By DAVID MARCUS
Adjacency to a major research-oriented university or hos-
pital constitutes one of the most important elements leading
to the success of "research park" developments Prof. Richard
L. Meier of the conservation department and the Mental Health
Research Institute said in a recent speech at Harvard Univer-
sity.
Speaking on "The Organization of Technological Innova-
tion in Urban Environments" to a conference on "The City
and History," Prof. Meier cited the availability of extensive
library reference materials, bookstores, technical personnel,
consultants and other research materials as prime advantages
of university areas that can be utilized industrial research.
Prof. Meier also cited access to cultural and, natural ameni-
sional class suburban environments, exits onto metropolitan
sional class suburban environments, exists onto metropolitan
expressways, and the availability of cheap general purpose
structures as helpful prerequisites to the success of attracting
research enterprises into an area.
Notes Cultural Values
He noted that good public schools and opportunities for
a cultural life help attract highly educated personnel.
Further, he said, "the style of life affected by engineers and
scientists is highly significant.
"It is quite compatible with lawyers, doctors, teachers and
managers," he added in explaining his recommendation of pro-
fessional class suburbs for such people.
Inexpensive general purpose structures will help the develop-
ment of laboratory ideas and expanded research since the
transition from idea to product "very often requires an inter-
mediate stage that is carried out under conditions of capital
scarcity, and therefore utilizes old factories, store fronts, or
lofts which can be rented cheaply."
Draw Upon Pool
Proximity to large capital-intensive installations is desir-
able since, "a large number of skilled disciplined workers are
to be found in such areas. This pool can be drawn upon to take
advantage of the most productive opportunities that are to be
exploited on a moderate scale."
Prof. Meier noted that most such parks serve medium or
middle sized industry.
See MEIER, Page 3
TUNISIAN CRISIS:
Bizerte Dispute May Go
To UN General Assembly
UNITED NATIONS (A) - Asian and African diplomats expressed
confidence yesterday they can obtain necessary support for an
emergency session of the United Nations General Assembly to deal
with the French-Tunisian dispute.
Sponsors of the move already have 32 signatures on a letter to
Secretary-General Dag Hammarskjold requesting the session.
This left them 18 short of the 50 required, but they were sure
of the nine Soviet bloc votes and Cuba which meant they had to

Senate Committee
Bolsters Defenses
Appropriations Unit Grants Funds
In Excess of Kennedy Requests
WASHINGTON (M)-The Senate Appropriations Committee yes-
terday voted unanimously to give President John F. Kennedy every
penny of the $3 5 billion he asked for the new defense alert and then
boosted the increase to $4.5 billion.
The extra $1 billion-earmarked for bombers, missiles and other
things-raised the defense budget for the fiscal year that started July
1 to $47 billion. It's the biggest peacetime military bill in United
States history.
The total is over $4 billion more than the House voted June 28
and tops the military budget Congress approved last year by $6.5 bil-
lion.
Apart from the purely military buildup, it includes Kennedy's
request for $207.6 million to accelerate sharply the civil defense

Legislators Appoint Firm

To

Study C olleges'

4

East Berlin
Threats Rise

{ role-a role recently assigned to
the Pentagon.
The committee, in giving the
President more fiancial freedom
to counter the Soviet threat at
Berlin and elsewhere, added an
economy footnote. It urged "more
evidence of cost consciousness on

BERLIN (P-Communist East the part of both civilians and uni-
Germany yesterday increased the formed personnel in the defense
tempo of threats to isolate West establishment."
Berlin and cut off the flow of It is suggested, the committee
Germans fleeing from Red rule. said, that civilian officials, ad-
But more East German refu- mirals and generals "give particu-
gees poured into West Berlin in lar attention to the practice of
the darkening political climate. austerity in connection with their
At Marienfelde Camp, officials privileges in order to set an ex-
said 1,322 more East Germans had ample and to popularize the idea
arrived in the past 24 hours of getting the most fight out of
through the Berlin escape hatch. each tax dollar."
This was almost one-third more The senators, responding to thej
than a week ago, sense of urgency which Kennedy
Officials announced that the expressed last week in asking for
month of July set a record since more defense funds, called upon
the troubled days of 1953, with America's free world allies to gird
over 32,000 officially registered, themselves also.
Informed sources said the actual The North Atlantic Treaty Or-
number may be nearer 40,000 ganization nations should provide
since many did not register the military forces they promised
The East German central Dem- for the joint effort, the commit-
ocratic bloc, a fellow-traveling tee said.I

-AP Wirephoto
THE TWAIN DOES MEET-Secretary of State Dean Rusk talks with Nationalist China's Vice-
President Chen Cheng in Washington. Chen conferred with Rusk and President John F. Kennedy
and apparently reached common agreement on Red China's admission to the United Nations.
Say U.S., China Agree on UN

Tunisia Seeks
New Offensive
Of Diplomats
TUNIS (P)-Tunisia yesterday
launched a diplomatic offensive
on four continents to muster sup-
port in its campaign to force
France from the city of Bizerte
and its big naval base nearby.
Envoys and ministers fanned
out from Tunis to Moscow, Wash-
ington, Asia, Latin America and
Africa.
Flies to Moscow
They carried a plea from Pres-
ident Habib Bourguiba's govern-
ment for concerted action within
and outside the United Nations.
Foreign Secretary Sadok Mo-
kaddem flew to Moscow on a mis-
sion which many Western ob-
servers felt would bring hithert(
pro-Western Tunisia closer to the
Soviet bloc.
Rally Colonies
The task of rallying former
French African colonies to the
side of this onetime French pro-
tectorate was given to Informa-
tion Minister Mohamed Masmou
di, former ambassador to Paris.
Thousands of French settlers
are preparing to leave Tunisia in
the wake of the Bizerte fighting.
Few Frenchmen here believe re-
lations between France and Tuni
sia will return to the former stat-
us-often quarrelsome but basical
ly friendly.
HIUAC Queries
Security Head
WASHINGTON ?P-Maurice H,
Klein, personnel director of the
National Security Agency, has
been questioned by the House
Committee on Un-American Ac-
tivities about discrepancies in his
personal history statements filed

pick up only eight more. The cam-
paign for the assembly meeting
was launched after the Security
Council became deadlocked last
week and appeared unable to agree
on steps to end the controversy
over the French naval base at
Bizerte.
Chief United States Delegate
Adlai E. Stevenson, who returned
yesterday from talks in Paris, ex-
pressed confidence the French-
Tunisian differences could be
settled by direct negotiations.
Soviet Ambassador Platon D.
3 Morozov said he was ready to
sign the letter when asked to do
so.
"We support any form within
- the framework of the United Na-
tions," he said, "that will put an
end to the French aggression and
- lead to the withdrawal of all
- French forces from Tunisian ter-
- ritory."

political body, warned "all citi-
zens of the German Democratic
Republic (East Germany) to avoid
trips and visits to West Berlin in
the interests of their own secur-
ity, their family and the cause of
peace."
The"Communists say the West,
is luring its citizens to West Ger-
many by employing "trades in,
human beings." A Communist,
prosecutor in East Berlin yester-
day asked sentences of up to 15
years in prison for five people
charged with being such "traders.'
The trial was being televised.
Youth Corps,
GI Bills Pass
WASHINGTON () - The Sen-
ate Labor Committee voted yester-
day for a 150,000-man Youth Con-
servation Corps and for a cold
war GI education bill but neither
vote is likely to please President
John F. Kennedy.
The Youth Corps bill approved
by the committee would set up a
corps 25 times larger than the one
recommended by the President.
The GI bill was actively opposed
by the administration leaders.
The President's opposition to the
bills was based on economy, not
principle. In fact, Kennedy voted
for both bills two years ago when
he was a senator. The bills were
passed by the Senate then but
died in the House.
The bills now go to the floor of
the Senate.

Administration
To Hold Firm
On Aid Plans,
WASHINGTON (A) - Adminis-
tration leaders took a no-compro-
mise stand yesterday on President
John F. Kennedy's five-year for-
eign aid program.
"We will accept no compromise
at this time," said' Rep. Thomas E.
Morgan (D-Pa), chairman of the
House Foreign Affairs Committee.
Some legislators including Sen.
John Sparkman (D-Ala), have
said the administration may have
to settle in the end for a three-
year program.
The House committee gave its
formal approval to the five-year
plan in a 27-4 vote endorsing a
preliminary action of last week.
The committee cut $407 million
from Kennedy's current year re-
quest for $4.8 billion in foreign aid
funds but approved his five-year
$8.8 billion development loan plan.
Morgan and Sen. J. William Ful-
bright (D-Ark), chairman of the
Senate Foreign Relations Com-
mittee, accompanied Democratic
congressional leaders to their'
weekly White House breakfast
session with President Kennedy.
Sen. Mike Mansfield of Mon-
tana, the Senate Democratic lead-
er, said Kennedy told the Con-
gressional leaders he regards the
five-year loan program, which
would be financed by treasury bor-
rowings, as "vital."

WASHINGTON O)-The Unit-
ed States and Nationalist China
reportedly were agreed yesterday
on general principles to be adopt-
ed at the United Nations next
month in opposing Communist
China's bid for representation in
the world body.
But differences in tactics were
still under discussion following
two meetings between President
John F. Kennedy and Nationalist
China's Vice-President and Prime
Minister Chen Cheng.
B o t h Chinese Ambassador
Alert Off icials
On AF Call-up
By The Associated Press
The Air Force yeserday alerted
state governors and military offi-
cials that 28,000 men in 71 Air
National Guard units could be
called back to active duty in light
of the Berlin crisis.
Three units from the state may
be involved in the potential call-
up.
The units, if called, would prob-
ably not go to active duty until
Sept. 30, sinceit is an Air Force
policy to give 30 days notice if a
group is to be returned to active
duty.
This is the first action taken by
the President since he signed the
law giving him the authority to
call up 250,000 reservists to active
duty.
The Defense Department would
only comment that these units had
been given top priority in any
call up. There was no indication
of when or if or in what order the
order to return to active duty
would be.

George K. C. Yeh and United
States ambassador to Formosa
Everett F. Drumright agreed that
the two days of consultations had
brought better understanding of
the general position of the two
sides.
Discuss Outer Mongolia
Besides discussing Red China,
Kennedy and Chen discussed Out-
er Mongolia.
Chen told newsmen later that
his country will use every power it
has under the United Nations
charter to block the, entry of
Communist Outer Mongolia into
the UN.
As a permanent member of the
Security Council, Nationalist China
has a veto.
He spoke after meeting for 904
minutes with President Kennedy.
May Retain Membership
After that session, the 63-year-
old Chen said that he felt the out-
look is good for Nationalist China
to retain its own membership in
the General Assembly and seat on
the Security Council
He also said that he and Ken-

nedy agreed on the question of
admitting Outer Mongolia to the
UN. Chen would not elaborate on
the nature of this agreement but,
through an interpreter, he said:
"We discussed principles only.
We did not have time to go into
the tactics of this matter."
Seek 'Quick'
Market Entry
LONDON (P) - With the wel-
come mat down and rising public
support at home, Britain prepared
yesterday to seek quick admittance
to the European Common Market.
Edward Heath, the Lord Privy'
Seal and special representative of
the foreign office, returned from
a meeting in Paris with the for-
eign ministers of the six common
market nations and said, "All were
very enthusiastic and there were
no signs of obstacles."
Heath said it might be possible
to start negotiations in six to
eight weeks.

Costs
State Plans
Pilot Survey
Of 3 Schools
Beadle Anticipates
Expense Guidelines
For Higher Education
By MICHAEL OLINICK
A Detroit efficiency firm will
try to determine the cost of learn-
ing at three state-supported uni-
versities, a special legislative com-
mittee decided yesterday.
A joint House -Senate interim
committee on higher education
hired the A. C. Lamb ;Associates
to start immediately on the $22,-
400~ project. Wayne State Univer-
sity, Michigan State University
and Western Michigan University
will be involved in the program.
The committee chairman, Sen.
Frank D. Beadle (R-St. Clair)
made it clear last night that the
study is not for comparison, but
to provide a guide for planning the
expense of higher education in
Michigan.
Plan Follow-up Stdies
Beadle hopes to follow up this
initial pilot study with an inves-
tigation of all nine state-support-
ed universities and colleges. He
said his committee has already
consulted with presidents of each
of the institutions.
There was no special reason for
excluding the University from this
first study, Beadle said. "The
schools we picked will give us a
general pattern for overall spend-
ing."
He said the surveys would be-
come more general as soon as the
committee receives more operat-
ing funds and the Lamb group
can handle more work "There is
a question whether they will be
able to finish the first group by
January," the date called for in
the contract.
Committees Meet
The Legislature reconvenes in
January, but special interim com-
mittees have been meeting reg-
ularly throughout the summer
and will continue to do so during
the fall.
The study will aim at reporting
cost per student credit hour. The
Legislature has been trying to get
uniform accounting from the
state universities in their budget
requests.
The legislators had considered
appointing Lamb's group in the
middle of July, but hesitated be-
cause of the uncertainty of suffi-
cient funds.
Adopt Uniform Methods
The Michigan Council of State
College Presidents, meeting in
June, decided to adopt uniform
methods of reporting instruction-
al loads and enrollment as well as
uniform accounting procedures.
The new procedures-put into
effect July 1-were in compliance
with last year's appropriations act
which requested the state's edu-
cational institutions to represent
enrollment on a basis agreed upon
by all college presidents.
WelfarePlan
Enters (court

NEW YORK (R?--The State of
* New York moved in court yester-
3day to block enforcement of up-
state Newburgh's welfare crack-
down code.
At the same time, the plan,
which has stirred national con-
troversy, was described by an or-
ganization of social workers as s
_hoax to cover a brutal tax reduc-
tion program.
The new welfare code took ef-
tfect in the Hudson River Valley
city of 31,000Hon July 15. But its
originator, City Manager Joseph
Mitchell, has yet to enforce its
stringent provisions against pro-
miscuous women and able-bodied
men on relief.
State Atty. Gen. Louis J. Lef-

WHO DID WHAT TO WHOM?

7

'Rashomon'

Prbeayturt uie oh ae f Ky
How does one determine the tru
The University Players will grs
they enact the scornfully wise drar
Kanin's English adaption of the ,
a short story by Ryunosuke Akuta;
day with performances at 8.00 p.m
"Rashomon" presents one sin
ways. Set outside the gates of Kyot
few basic facts:
-A samurai and his wife stop
-The wife is assaulted and t
-The most notorious bandit in
Puzzling Aao
As seechinstructor Donald
X ~bandit is tried for murder and ass;
of the persons involved (the samu
a medium) relates a different tal
I eomsapuzzling problem.abeos
The peasant wftewri
~~hmevsall haverimages of tesle and

Congo Soldiers Revenge
Ambush; Attack Luntus
LEOPOLDVILLE (JP) - Rampaging Congolese soldiers last night
were reported to have killed upwards of 200 tribesmen in a revenge
massacre near Luluabourg in Kasai province.
A United Nations official on a special investigating mission to
the area said hundreds of huts have been burned and that he himself
saw about 100 bodies.
The reported massacre followed an ambush in which about 20
Congolese soldiers were said to have been killed by Luntu tribesmen.
" The Congolese soldiers of the
Leopoldsville government are re-
ported to have driven into vil-
lages after firing indiscriminately'
at men, women and children.
A senior UN army officer who
flew over the area reported entire
villages in flames.
"We could have a full scale war
th e on our hands if the fighting goes
fpple with this problem tonight as on," said a UN official.
na, "Rashomon." Fay and Michael He reported that the fierce Lun-
apanese film - both taken from tus are arming themselves with
tgawa - will run through Satur- any weapon that comes to hand to
u. each night. beat off the army attacks. Bands
nple story, told in four different of warriors are surrounding vil-
to in the year 1000, it starts with lages in a bid to protect then
from the Congolese soldiers.
Earlier pro-Western Interior
pin the woods. Minister Cyrille Adoula was pick.
hae husband killed. ed by President Joseph Kasavubu
n the area is somehow involved, to form a new Congolese govern-
my of a Murder ment in what was seen as a possi-
Lovtt irets he ctin, heble compromise with the leftist
Lovet drect th actontheStanleyville regime of Antoine Gi-
sault. As the trial progresses each zenga and an attempt to effect
.irai communicates to us throughpecintesrf-onCg.
le, and who did what to whom pecntesrif-onCno
)r lord and the infamous bandit jie oJ i
.of each other that are preserved Jon rToJ i

w ~*-

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