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March 17, 1959 - Image 3

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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1959-03-17

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THE MICHIGAN DAILY

>essor Hopkins Comments on Art,

DIFFERS FROM ENGLISH:
'French Deviation' Analyzed Here

Find Seleucia .
The group began digging there
and discovered they were in Se-
leucia. A German excavation, dig-
ging across the river in Ctesiphon,
he. explained, was trying to find
Seleucia.
cWhat had happened was that
the river, in the great lapse of
time, had changed its course and,
now ran midway through Ctesi-
phon, so the American group had
the relics on their side. "They
wanted to trade with us, but we
wouldn't," Prof. Hopkins said.
He explanied that the excava-
tions,, while historically import-
ant, were less successful from the
Museum's point of view. "As Se-
leucia grew, a new captial-Ctes-

Praises Greeks
Changing the subject, Prof.
Hopkins said he thought the
Greeks had a "good balance of
the athletic and intellectualglife
from which we can learn a great
dea.l They were the first to ex-
plore, to ask why? and how? They
asked the basic questions in philo-
sophy, and their thought served
as a basis for its later de-velop-
ment.".
He. cited the 50 years between
the end of the Persian War to the
beginnng of the Peloponnesian
War as the period of great Athen-
ian development. "I tell my classes
that Athens was the Ann Arbor
of the ancient world," he laughed.
Prof. Hopkins said Greek cul-
ture was concentrated in Athens,
in some ways. "It's an interesting
question - how much does intel-
lectual development depend upon
the inheritance of economic pros-
perity, democracy and freedom."
Prof. Hopkins compared fifth

century Athens to England in the
Elizabethan age. "The Greeks
won the Persian war, England
fought the Spanish Armada. Both
had colonies and control of the
seas. This spirit of exploration,
enthusiasm and energy was re-
flected in the literature."
Discusses Iliad
Discussing the controversy over
the authorship of the Iliad and
the Odyssey, Prof. Hopkins said,
"The fliad and the Odyssey tell a
fairly well-defined story. They
were accepted by the Greeks im-
mediately.
"Somebody put the main ele-;
ments together and this person
must have been a genius." Prof.
Hopkins said he believes that one
person was responsible for the
core of the works, but as they
travelled by word-of-mouth, add-j
ing that they probably weren'tj
written down until..about 600 B.C.
"Suppose," he continued, "one
person put six books together, out-
lining the general story. Some-
body adds two, someone else adds
two more, and so on. But you have
to suppose that someone of su-
perior ability put the skeleton to-
gether - well, I don't think it's
Homer but another man of the
same name.
Looking to Syria
Prof. Hopkins said he'd like to
explore Syria, and Southern Asia
Minor, to make a study of the ori-
gins of the early Etruscans, and
pin down the location more close-
ly. "The question's still unan-
swered, but the Near East's not a
very good place to excavate now.
Iraq's in turmoil. The Arab coun-
tries are most difficult, but Tur-
key and Greece are still avail-
able," he remarked, adding that
at present, he has no plans for
any such undertaking.

By DAVID BLOOMGARDEN
"The closest analogue to the
English Court ofCommon Pleas
was the Parliament of Paris,"
Prof. John P. Dawson commented
yesterday in the Law' School.
His third Cooley lecture in a
series of five was titled "The
French Deviation."
"But," he continued, "unlike the
English Parliament, which was
taking shape at the same time, it
shifted away from legislation and
general discussion of the state of
the realm." The mission of the
Parlement was more limited than
that of the Common Pleas and
King's Bench in England." He
added that the Parlement of
Paris was primarily an appellate
court.
Local Custom Source
Local custom was the basic
source of French private law, said
Prof. Dawson. "In general the
customs regulated land laws,
property rights of married per-
sons and inheritance . . . about
the same coverage as that of the
English common law in the 13th
century." Basically, these "laws"
mirrored the "thought and needs
of the farming communities of
the late middle ages."
Hospital Group
Entertainment
Meeting Called
Freshman girls interested in
participating in a Union-League
hospital entertainment project are
invited to meet at 7:30 this even-
ing in the Henderson Room at
the League, Suzanne Moag, '61,
announced yesterday.
The committee needs 50 girls
to serve as hostesses on the
project.
Campus talent will comprise the
show, which will visit University
Hospital, Veteran's Hospital, Mer-
cywood Hospital and Children's
Psychiatric Hospital this weekend,
presenting two performances Fri-
day evening, one Saturday after-
noon, and one Sunday afternoon.
Each hostess will be asked to
attend one performance, involving
one hour of time. Hostesses will
serve coffee and cookies to hospi-
tal patients following the show,
and are guaranteed an interesting
and lively response in conversing
with the patients.
Janet Hogberg, '62, Rosalind
Kahn, '62, Sue DePree, '62N, Shar-
on Van Daalen, '62N, and Helene
Finberg, '62, are the Buro-cat
representatives on the committee,
Saguy Talks
On Near East
Gideon Saguy, an Israeli consul,
will speak at 8:00 p.m. tonight at
the Rackham Amphitheater.
The topic of his speech, spon-
sored by the International Stu-
dents Association, will be "Israel
and the Middle East."

I

I

"The most prominent feature of
the early Parlement of Paris was
the enormousnumber of judges
it soon acquired."
Central Court Thin
In the 14th century when there
were 80 judges sitting in the Par-
lement of Paris, only eight were
in the English central courts, said
the visiting professor.
The Cooley lecturer said the
most important reason for this
contrast was 'the French rejec-!
tion of the jury." "For the pur-
pose of ascertaining disputed
facts in litigation it (the jury)
was displaced.. . by interrogation
of individual witnesses under
oath."
"From an early stage the Parle-
ment of Paris had participated

actively, by formal recommenda-
tions to crown officials, in choos-
ing its own membership."
But eventually "the crown con-
ceded the right of Parlement to
fill its own vacancies." Conse-
quently judges who wished to re-
sign would often recommend
someone who wanted to pay for
the position.
Prof. Dawson explained that
"the courts in France under the
Old Regime were the center of op-
position to authoritarian govern-
ment. Thus in a very direct and
immediate sense they brought ;on
the French Revolution." 'But in-
stead of earning gratitude for this,
"the courts earned a lasting dis-
trust which in France is not yet
overcome."

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