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August 05, 1927 - Image 1

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Michigan Daily, 1927-08-05

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TODAY'S EVENTS
- :1 5--ThIe Comedy of Er-
rors," by Rockford Inayers,
Sarali Caswell Aingell hall.

A6U

mm-mommadiffilim"

MEMBER
ASSOCIATED
PRESS

VOL. VIII, No. 35.

ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, FRIDAY, AUGUST 5, 1927

PRICE FIVE CENTS

DIRECT NEGOTATIONS
,HOPED FOR AS NAVAL
CONFEENCE GIVES P
FRIENDLY SPIRIT PREVAILS
WHEN GENEVA PARLEY
COMES TO END
MEMBERS ARE HOPEFUL
Meet Is Failure, Nevertheless, Since
Agreement Is Not Reached on
Main Points
(By Associated Press)
GENEVA, August 4.-War between
Great Britain, the United States and
Japan is unthinkable, declared Hugh
S. Gibson, America's chief representa-
tive, at the closing session of the Tri-
parttite Naval confe'rence today. Hence
there is no reason, he added, why an
agreement, which has not been obtain-
ed at Geneva, should not be reached
shortly as the result of direct negotia-
tion among the governments or a re-
conciliation of the divergent views.E
The burial ceremony of the confer-
ence, held in the presence of a large
assembly, was carried out without the
employment of words of recrimination
and, as W. C. Bridgeman, head of the
British delegation, said: "We are not
dispersing in a spirit of bitterness or
despair."
When the conference adjourned sine
die, after the adoption of a joint reso-
lution suggesting direct negotiation
between the governments, Mr. Bridge-
man walked up to the stairs of the
hotel EsBerquen, in whose ballroom
the last act of the naval drama was
played, to the private office of Mr.
Gibson and shook his American col-
league warmly by the hand. This was
hailed as an indication that the first
lord of the British admiralty believed
the differences between the United
States and Great Britain, manifested
at the confernce, were nothing more
serious than a slight family tiff.
Admiral Saito, distinguished mem-
her of the Japanese delegaton, join-
ing in the thought of Mr. Gibson and
Mr. Bridgeman, declared in a valedic-
tory address that he for one declined
to view the results of the conference
as a rupture of negotiations. He was
convinced, he affirmed vigorously, that
in some form or other, attempts to
limit extravagance and competition in
naval buildings, already limited in
practice by common sense, will con-
tinue and eventually succeed.
The joint declaration, adoption of
whichinvolved automatic adjoiirnment
of the conference, represents an ef-
fort to summarize the points of the
three delegations on the matters on
which they agreed and on those on
which they disagreed. The declara-
tion shows that the conference was
wrecked yn two points. The first, that
of total tonnage limitation, for cruis-
ers on which the British and the Amer-
icans were unable to attain an'accord;
the second, on the problem of so-called
eight-inch guns on cruisers.
The fact remains, however, that des-
pite the friendly phrases embodied in
Ithe final addresses and the official dec-
laration, the Tripartite naval confer-
ence has failed. It is true a complete
agreement was reached on the sizes of
individual destroyers and submarines,
and on the sizes of the guns to be
carried by the warcraft, but on the
main problem of the parley, that of
cruisers, the delegates were said to
have been as far from accord at the
end.of the conference as at the start.

BASEBALL SCORES!
AMERICAN LEAGUE
Detroit, 6; New York, 2.
St. Louis, 1-2; Washington, 5-11.
Chicago, 1; Boston, 2.
Cleveland, 3; Philadelphia, 0. C

LEVINE AND PILOT
NEAR SETTLEMENT
(By Associated Press)
PARIS, August 4.-Some progress
was made today in the task of patch-
ing up the differences between Charles
A. Levine, ownernofsthe transatlanthi
plane "Columbia" and Maurice Drou-
hin, French aviator, who Levine en-
gaged'to pilot the ship on a return
flight to the United States. Their
lawyers yesterday discussed the ser-
vice of a summons on Levine last night
by Drouhin demanding tbIat Levine
carry out his agreement witih the pilot
as to financial arrangements.-
The lawyers reached no final agree-
ment, but said a new contract m
be agreed upon tomorrow. Levine's
answer to the summons that he would
deposit the 300,000 francs insurance
fund for Drouhin's family was follow-
ed today by a more optimistic note in
the Drouhin camp. The French avia-
tor took the "Columbia" up for a gaso-
line consumption test and it was found
that the motors that took the aero-
plane from New York to Germany con-
sumed five per cent less fuel.
Drouhin expressed himself as en-
tirely satisfied with the test, as did
"Doc" Kincaid, the Wright motor ex-
pert and the Belanca expert.
The question remaining to be set-
tled is just when the 300,000 francs
is to be deposited. Drouhin's lawyer
demands that this be done at once,
since everything is ready for the
flight with the exception of a load
test. Levine's lawyer is understood
thus far to have avoided setting a de-
finite time, although giving assur-
ance that Levine was in accord with
Drouhin on this point.
VISITORS ATTEND
I CAMP EXHIBITIONi;
University Of Michigan Biological
Camp Gives Exhibition Of Their
Summer Activities I
PROF. LARUE IS DIRECTOR
Exhibition of the activities of the
University of Michigan's biological
station, in charge of Professor R. La-
Rue, at Cheboygan, Michigan, held on
the afternoon of July 31, was attend-~
ed by obut four hundred people. This
is the first time that the camp has
been open to public inspection this1
summer.
The officials at the exhibition reg-
sitered 370 visitors between the hours
of 2 and 5; there were at least thirty'
more who came after registration had
'ceased. Among the visitors there
were several Ann Arbor people; they
were Mr. and Mrs. Harry N. Cole, 1
Mrs. Bishop and William Bishop, Pro-1
lessor Henderson, and a number of1
the staff now at Camp Davis.
One of the most interesting people1
who saw the review was an old Ger-1
man farmer, a typical peasant type,
who claimed 88 years, and 45 of them I
in this country. This grizzled old
fellow told his story to the re-f
ception committee and then asked
"Is dere any beer?" He repeated his i
story and his question to every group
he met and was only partially satis-
fied -by two bottles of ginger ale
bought at the store.
The display at the exhibit included
the vertebrate laboratory, the botany
laboratory, the insectory, the aviary,7
the invertebrate laboratory.
The University of Michigan Biolo-

gical Station, branch of the Univer-
sity of Michigan, was established inI
1909 on the shores of Douglas Lake
Michigan, for the study of plants and
animals in their natural environment.
The 1927 enrollment for the eight
weeks' course which it gives every.
summer, is 81. The Station main-
tains a teaching staff of 11 menJ
drawn from seven different collegesI
and universities. There are fifty-one
frame buildings of which eight are
used for laboratories, 37 for living
quarters, and the remainder for in-
cidental purposes. As a result of
this work each year the investigators
publish ten or more scientific ar-
ticles, which are sent to men of
science in all parts of the world.
ATLANTIC CITY-Bigger and bet- :
ter policemen for the Boardwalk are
urged by a section of the Chamberj
of Commerce.

GOVERNOR'S SACCO-VANZETTI I
OPINION IS GIVEN IN REPORT'

In order to allow a complete
knowledge of the reason given by
Gov. Alvan T. Fuller of Massachu-
setts for his denial of executive clem-
ency in the case of Niiuoa Sacco and
Bartolomeo Vanzetti, Ta Daily pub-
I fishes the fell text of his report:
(By Associated Press)
BOSTON, August 4.-"The inquiry
that I have conducted has had to do
with the following questions:
"Was the jury trial fair? Were the
acused entitled to a new trial? Are
they guilty or not guilty? As to the
first question, complaint has been
made that the defendants were prose-
cuted and convicted because they
were anarchists. As a matter of fact,
the issue of anarchy was brought in
by them as an explanation of their
suspicious conduct. Their counsel,
against the advice of Judge Thayer,
decided to attribute their action and
conduct to the fact that they were
anarchists, suggesting that they were
armed to protect thmeselves, that
they were about to start out at -10
o'clock at night, to collect radical
literature, and that the reason theyi
lied was to save their friends.
Consulted Jury
"I have consulted with every mem-(
her of the jury now alive, 11 in num-l

nying them all and refusing a new
trial. The supreme judicial court for
the commonwealth, which had before,
this appeal of four of the motions
had the opportunity to read these
same affidavits which were submit-
ted to Judge Thayer, declined to sus-
tain the contention of counsel for
the accused. In my own investiga-
tion on the question of guilt, I have
given the motions and their support-
ing affidavits and the witnesses every
consideration.
Ignores Madieros Confession
"I have given no weight to the
Madeiros confession. He is popularly
supposed to have confessed to com-
iitting this crime. In his testimony
to me he could not recall the details
or describe the neighborhood. He
furthermore stated that the govern-
ment had double-crossed him and he
proposes to double-cross the govern-
ment. He feels that the District At-
torney's office has treated him unfair-
ly because his two confederates who
were associated with him in the com-
mission of the murder for which he
was convicted were given life sen-
tences, whereas he was condemned to
death. Ile confessed the crime for
which he was convicted. I am not
impressed with his claim to the
knowledge of the South Braintree

CROCKER'S CLASS
TO PUT ON PLAY'S
Lionel Crocker's class in One-Ac
Plays presented a program in Webs-
ter last night. The plays given were
"Cinderella Married," "Judge Lynch,'
and "The Pot-Boilers," and were very
much enjoyed by the audience.
It has been decided that "Another
Way Out," by Lawrence Langner,
a play dealing with companionate mar-
riages, would fit in the group of plays
better than "Judge Lynch." so it will
be substituted in the next two per-
formances. The three plays will be
presented to the public on Tuseday
evening at Brighton, and at Sarah

OR1 GUTH LEICTURES
t ON HIS WVORK IN THE
TPHILIPP.INEISL NDS
WAS HEA) OF EXPEDITION FIl
ANiCE) BY ALUMNUS OF
TIE UNIVERSITY
NOTED AS ARCHAEOLOGIST
Sttes That ite Filiplio People are
Much Different Tluiti Country By
Whom They a e Governed.

Caswell Angell Hali on Wednesday, "g
August 10. "The University of Michigan Expedi-.
Miss Dorothy Ornstein, pupil of tion to the Philippine Islands" was the
Theodore Tarrison, will sing during ( title of the illustrated lecture delivered
the intermissions. yesterday afternoon in Natural Senc4
Tickets are on sale at the book auditorium by D. Carl E. Guthe, Asso-
stores, and cost 50 cents.ub ah
deate Director of Anthropology, Uni-
versity Museum.
B tLIEY COOLIDGE TioDr. Guthe was head of the expedi-
Lion which was financed by an alumnus
of the University, and which began
work in 1922 and continued until 1925.
RACE1Thiis expedition was sent forth to
study the archeology of the slands.
Hen Closest To President Think I e. Dr.'Guthe spent two years and eight
cision To Withdraw From months in active work and was accom-
Office Is Definite panied by his family.
iBefore he showed his slides the Doc-
PRESIDENT IS SILENT tor cited the fact that the Filipinos are
a much different people than the coun-
RAPID CITY, S'. D., Aug. 4.-The try that governs them, and that his
audience should remember this in
opinion that President Coolidge's state- dealing with the future problems coil
ment that he does not choose to run cerning the islands.
for President in 1928 might have more Proceeding to his slides the doctor
than one meaning dwindled further in illustrated the fact that most people
the Summer Capital today and the be- (1 not realize the distance which
America is from the Philippines. That
ief had become almost positive that 1, - r' h d of4'atern

her. They consider the judge fair; murders.
that he gave them no indication of "It has been a dificult task to look
his own opinion of the case. Affidav- back six years through other people's
its have been presented claiming that eyes. Many of the witnesses told me
the judge was prejudiced. I see no their stories in a way I felt was more
evidence of prejudice in his conduct a matter of repetition than the prod-
of the trial. uct of their memory. Some witnesses
"That he had an opinion as to the replied that during the six years they
guilt or innocence of the accused af- had forgotten; they could not remem-
ter hearing the evidence is natural her; that it was a disagreeable ex-
and inevitable. perience and they had tried to for-
"The court proceedings in this case get it. I could not hope to put my-
may be divided into two parts: First, self in the position of a juryman and
the trial before the jury with Judge have the advantage of seeing the wit-
Thayer presiding; second, the hear- ness on the stand and listen to the
ing on the succession of motions for evidence and judge the spoken word.
a new trial which were attersted to The motions for a new trial, how-
the judge and passed upon by him. ever, were all made from affidavits
All those proceedings have been at-j and, therefore, they could be review-
tacked by some of the friends of the ed under the same circumstances as
accused men and their counsel. prevailed when the judge heard them.
"The attacks onthe jury take two Reviews Bridgewater Holdup
foims-First, it is asserted that the "The next question, and the most
men are innocent and that there was vital question of all, is that of the
nc. sufficient evidence before the jury guilt or innocence of the accused.
to justify a finding of guilt; second, it In this connection I reviewed the
is asserted that trial itself was unfair, ( Bridgewater attempted holdup for
the attacks on the proceedings and on which Vanzetti had previously been
the motions for a new trial are in tried before by another jury and
substance that the judge was biased found guilty. At this trial Vanzetti
and unable to give the motions fair did not take the witness stand in his
and impartial consideration, own defense. He waived the privi-
Lists Objections lege of telling his own story to the
The allegation has been made that jury, he (lid not subject himself to
conditions in the court room were cross-examination. Investigating this
prejudicial to the accused. After care- case, I talked to the counsel for Van-
ful inquiry of the jury and others, I zetti at the Plymouth trial, the jury-
find no evidence to support this al-I men, the trial witnesses, new wit-
legation. I find the jury were nesses, present counsel for Vanzetti.
thoroughly honest and that they were I have talked with tle government wit-
reiuctant to find those men guilty, nesses who saw the Bridgewater hold-
but were forced to do so by the evi- up-and who identified Vanzetti, and I
deuce. I can see no warrant for the believe their testimony to be sub-
assertion that the jury trial was un- stantially correct. I believe with the
fair. Jury that Vanzetti was guilty and that
"The charge of the judge was sat- his trial was fair . I find nothing un-
isfactory to the counsel for the ac- sual about this case except, as noted
cused and no exception was taken to above, that Vanzetti. did not testify.
it. In the Bridgewater case, practically,
'I can see no warrant for the as- everyone who witnessed the attempt--
sertion that the jury trial was unfair.! ed holdup and who could have identi-
The supreme judicial court for the fled the bandit, identified Vanzetti.
commonwealth has considered such of "The South Braintree crime was
the more than 250 exceptions taken particularly brutal. The murder of
during the course of the trial as coun- the paymaster (Parmenter) and the
sel for the accused chose to argue guard (Perardelli) was not necessary
and overruled them all, thus estab- to the robbery. The murders were ac-
lishing that the proceedings were complished first, the robbery after-
without legal flaw. wards. The first shot laid Perardelli
Believes Trial Fair low in the roadway, and after Par-
"I have read the record and ex- menter was shot, he dropped the
amined many witnesses and the money box in the road and ran across
jurymen to see from a layman's the street. Tihe money could have
standpoint whethier the trial was!been taken but the murderers pursued
fairly conducted. I am convinced that Parmenter across this road and shot
it was thim again, and then returned and fired
After the verdict against those three more shots into Berardelli, four
in all, leaving his lifeless form in the
men, their counsel filed and entered 1 roadway. This plan was evidently to
seven distinct supplementary mo- kill the witnesses and terrorize the
tic-ns for a new tiial, six of them ont bystanders. The murderers escaped in
the ground that newly discovered an automobile driven by one of their
evidence, all of which were denied. confederates, the automobile being
I have examined all of these motions afterwards located in the woods at
and read the affidavits in support of Bridgewater, 18 miles distant.
them to see whether they presented Accused Men Both Armed
any valid reason for grauting the ac- "Vanzetti when arrested on May 5,
cused men a new trial. I am con- had in his hip pocket a fully loaded
vinced that they do not, and I am revolver. Sacco had a loaded pistil
further convinced that the presiding tucked into the front of his trousers

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he has unequivocally eliminated him-
self from occupand of the White
House after March 4, 1929.

COuIn LIr s tXs1%ou0 ale, aU M tu-U
standard time, which is used in Ann
Arbor, and is, at least, more than two
weeks journey by boat. Dr. Guthe
I l hiic family loft RnS 7 F an i r

anadns amii y eI oan rrancic
Ujnlike Washington, where a more,~'" a~~. ~U~LL~
runle isa September 21, 1922, and arrived at
rounded opinion always is obtain-; the islands October 21, a month alto
able on any public question of the gether consumed in transit.
first importance, opinions which are The doctor also stated that few
reached in Rapid City must neces- realize the island's size for they cover
sarily be based upon the impre - ,a region equivalent-in North America
i i nsr oy e e w u o the mpres-to that from the Straits of iM ackinaw
sions of the few who know to the Gulf of Mexico, and from the
President more intimately. ' Atlantic ocean to the Mississippi river,
In some quarters closets to Mr.! although in area they are only as large
Coolidge, there is next to nothing as the combined New England states
being said, but -when the shreds of and the state of New York, omitting
information are put together it be- I Long Island. They have a population
comes rather plain that here no of 110,000,000 but this is a- small
double meaning is accredited to the amount of the people that could be
President. taken care of.
The Reasons The islands, according to Dr. Guthe
Several reasons for this belief were first inhabited by negritoes, who
come most prominently to' the fore were later driven into the nountains
in Rapid City. First, it is pointed by an invasion of the Malays from
out, - Mr. Coolidge could scarcely the south, called Christiances and who
have used any other than the word bore some knowledge of Hindu civili-
"choose" in making his pronounce- zation. Later in the thirteenth or
ient and still keep the country fourteenth centuries a second invasion
from thinking him to be presump- of Malays took - place, these people,
tive to the extent of believing the however, being under the influence of
nomination next year actually was Mohammadism. This third invasion

his.
Had he said: "I will not run for!
President in 1928," he would have
presumed, it is held that the Re-
publican convention would nomin-
ate him.
It is argued further that if Mr.'
Coolidge had said "I will not be a
candidate for the Republican nom-1
ination in 1928," the same contro-
versy would have arisen with the

could have by itself easily swept the
islands,. but was halted by the Spain-
ards and both type's of Malays are now
prominent.
"Manilla," said the doctor, "is indeed
the crossoards of the Pacific besides
being a cosmopolitan city. If you
wish to know the Philippines you must
go elsewhere in the islands."
Dr. Guthe spoke of the work of the
expedition in searching for-the tombs

belief that the President was mere- of the islanders who buried both in
ly declaring himself not a candi-l caves and in the ground. Most of the
date, but not that he would decline travel in the island is conducted by
the nomination if forced upon him. I boats, and to aid the expedition Dean
It is declared by those in touch ( Conant Worcester, formerly connected
with the President that by his state with the University as professor of
ment Mr. Coolidge closed the door to Zoology, placed at their disposal his
pledged delegates from some states private yacht which was used through-
which hold their primary election be- out the work.
fore the national convention. Dr. Worcester, who died in 1924, was
No Open Door one of the leaders of the coenut in-
It is pointed out that the statement dustry of the Philippines and mater-
could in no way be construed as leav- ially aided the expedition by his help,
ing the President in an easy position The result of the work was brought
to go one way or another in the eveR to America as the Key collection, anmd
the nomination was offered him. contained more than 10,000 specimens.
It is held that in the final analysis,! Dr. Guthe told of an interesting in-
when the time came for him to accept cident in which' he discovered human
or reject the re-nomination the choice teeth inlayed with piecces of gold,
would be up to him and since he al- The chronicler of Magellen mentions
ready has made hMs choice not to ri in his work the fact that Magellen
that there was little reason to believe was attracted by certain of the Fill-
he would reach a different conclusion. pinos whose teeth were inlaid with
In addition, the President by making gold. Doubtless a relation may be
his pronouncement was held to have drawn between the discoveries of Dr.
tacitly assented to any other individual Guthe and those of Magellen.
declaring himself a candidate and___ __
seeking support, because, when he NATIONAL LEAGUE
made his choice he must have appre- New York, 4; Cincinnati, 1.
ciated that he could not expect the Philadelphia, 553; Pittsburgh, 8-7
field to remain closed to others wh( Boston, 4; Chicago, 5.
do choose to ?rU tII P Etdt. Brooklyn, 4; St. Louis, 2.

OurWeatherMan
-On reading all the evidence pro
id con ventures the suggestion that
ie weather is unsettled ' and that

ol

judge gave no evidence of bias in de-

(Continued on Page Three)

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