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One hundred four years of editoralfreedom
September 28, 1995
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cuts grduate journalism
Certificate may replace degree
By Amy Klein
Daily Staff Reporter
After dropping all undergraduate
journalism classes in January, the
University's interim provost yesterday
accepted a task force proposal to elimi-
nate the master's degree program in
J. Bernard Machen said he has en-
dorsed the recommendations from the
Journalism Task Force to end the pro-
gram and to place a moratorium on
admissions for fall term 1996.
The action may eliminate all courses
in journalism at the University.
Vice President for University Rela-
tions Walter Harrison cited the
program's poor national record as rea-
son for its termination.
"No university, no matter how broad,
can do everything. We're currently not
doing journalism master's level work
as a national leader," Harrison said.
Jonathan Friendly, who has directed
the program since 1988, said that 200
student letters requesting information
this semester would remain unanswered
and no.one else would be admitted to
"It's a dead loss to this University to
withdraw itsel ffrom the complete study
ofinformation," Friendly said. "It shows
how far apart academics are from the
reality of professional life."
The 14 students currently enrolled in
the program will be allowed to com-
plete their degrees.
"There's an enormous emotional
impact on them, but I don't think it will
hurt them professionally," Friendly said.
"They were very sensitive and sensible
about the implications for themselves."
In place of a graduate program, the
University is considering a Certificate
in Journalism, which would comple-
The history of the Communication Department is full of moves and changes:
1979: Merger of speech, communication and theatre, and journalism.
March 1993: The University asks an auditor tocheck two endowments.
Jan. 1994: LSA Dean Edie Goldenberg announces the dean of the department,
Neal Malamuth, is resigning. She appoints a committee to suggest plans for
the future of the department.
June 1994: The department vows to repay funds misspent out of the
endowments, which were intended for scholarships.
July 1994: The department adopted a first draft of guidelines for the funds.
Jan. 1995: The committee suggests eliminating undergraduate courses in
journalism and finding another place for the graduate program.
ment a Ph.D. or master's degree in
The certificate program, modeled
after the Women's Studies Program,
y Laurie Mayk
nd Josh White
aily Staff Reporters
Art senior Stephanie Sailor set up her
ew exhibit at the Street Gallery on
orth Campus Monday night.
The next morning she found a wooden
lockage surrounding her work.
Sailor says her exhibit has been cen-
ored by the Art School and in particu-
ar by Art School Dean Allen Samuels.
"You could still see the frames, but
hey were blocked by these panels,"
Her work, titled "MILK - What a
urprise!" includes four framed pieces,
ach of which has three images: on the
left, a current milk industry advertise-
ent taken from magazines; on the
right, differing pictures showing the
mistreatment of cows at a dairy farm;
nd in the center, various magazine cut-
-" 11ht Sailor describes as "porno-
graphic images showing women with
cum on their faces."
Samuels said he did not put the barn-
rs up with any intention of censoring
"Let me make it clear: we do not
ensor in the Art School," Samuels said
esterday. "I want to say it again - we
o not censor. This exhibit is not in a
allery, it is in a main corridor that is a
public way to get to the main gallery.
"We have small children literally
walking hand-in-hand past here every-
day, and I think that it would be inap-
ropriate to subject them to something
that they probably shouldn't see."
But Samuels said he thought the ex-
hibit had important messages and should
be "available" for public consumption.
"We put up screens 4 to 5 feet away
from the pictures to allow people to
would require a small number of formal
courses and the completion of an in-
ternship as a supplement to other gradu4
See JOURNALISM, Page 2A
WASHINGTON (AP) - Over
Democratic objections, the Senate
passed a $62 billion spending bill yes-
terday that would slash money for envi-
ronmental protection, housing programs
and veterans' benefits.
Democrats, who said in advance that
they lacked the votes to make substan-
tial changes in the bill, urged President
Clinton to veto it. The House previ-
ously approved equal or deeper spend-
ing cuts, so those differences must still
The Senate approved the legislation
55-45 after Republicans rebuffed Demo-
cratic attempts to. restore funds for en-
vironmental cleanup of toxic dumps,
help for the homeless, health programs
for veterans and a cherished Clinton
national service program.
The legislation is the first of three
broad domestic spending bills being
considered by the Senate this week.
Senate Minoiity Leader Thomas
Daschle (D-S.D.) called the bills "ex-
tremism on parade" and said the only
recourse was to urge a presidential veto.
"There's no point in trying to fine-
tune this mess," Daschle declared.
The Senate bill would cut the Envi-
ronmental Protection Agency's budget
by one-fourth to $5.6 billion, including
a $430 million slash in its Superfund
program for toxic waste cleanup.
Clinton had sought an increase to $7.3
It also would cut housing programs
by $5 billion, one-fifth ofcurrent spend-
ing, eliminate Clinton's Americorps
national service initiative and reduce
veterans' programs by $395 million.
Sen. Bob Kerrey ofNebraska was the
lone Democrat to join the Republicans
See SPENDING, Page 2A
Art senior Stephanie Sailor's exhibit in the Art and Architecture Building is surrounded by barriers. The exhibit, "MILK -- What a surprise!" has sexually explicit photos.
decide if they want to see them," he
said. "If you walk past, you can clearly
see a man's penis in a woman's face. If
someone wants to see more, they can
walk in and see it.
"I would encourage her to display
this art as it deals with important issues.
I want the issues to be confronted.
"I am on her side," Samuels said.
Art junior Ariana Poniatowski said
she respects an artist's right to display
such work, but that the exhibit is not
something that she would want to look
"I think the walls are a good idea,"
Poniatowski said. "There would be way
too much controversy around here if
they didn't put (the exhibit up at all)."
Sailor said her emotions about the
whole event have changed over the
course of the week.
"Initially I was very angry, but it has
really made me sad to think about what
happened," Sailor said. "It is 1995 and
it is the School of Art. To have someone
throw barricades in front of my art
makes me sad."
Photography Prof. Joanne Leonard
said allowing students to use the hall-
way space for personal exhibits opened
up the chance for such work to go on
"I think it should have been antici-
pated that students would use the space
to be outrageous," Leonard said. "It is
hard to look at, but I am actually glad to
have some provocative work of a stu-
Sailor started the project last winter
as part ofan individual study in photog-
raphy and finished it recently.
Samuels said he has gotten negative
reaction to the exhibit and that he re-
ceived several e-mail messages asking
him to remove it.
"People have asked me how I could,
as dean of the school, allow this to stay
up," Samuels said. "But I will not and
we will not censor students' work. It is
still on display, there is just a choice
Other members of the University
community felt the Art School
unneccesarily blocked off Sailor's work.
Between 6 and 7 p.m. last night, an
anonymous vandal spray-painted"Cen-
sored by UM School of Art" across the
barriers, Sailor said, adding she didn't
know who did it, but that she was not
LOS ANGELES (AP) -
summations yesterday, a p
played O.J. Simpson's reco
and the haunting pleas of hi
and Simpson's lawyer recall
tight evidence gloves, insist
doesn't fit, you must acquit.
Johnnie Cochran Jr., disp
flair for courtroom theatrics, a
put on a dark knitted ski cap
prosecution suggestion that
wore a similar one as a dis
night of the murders.
"If I put this knit cap on, w
Cochran asked jurors. "I't
Cochran with a knit cap on.
blocks away, O.J. Simpso
Known for his rapid-fir
Cochran began slowly and q
minding jurors of their duty
Students form group to
push composting at 'U'
In dueling Prosecutor's Points
rded rage Key arguments by the prosecution:
s ex-wife, Simpson didn't act like a killer after
ed the too- the slayings because few killers
ing: "If it do. Simpson's demeanor did
change i.n small, significant ways:
laying his He left his socks on the bedroom
tonepoint floor, lied to the limo driver about
to rebuff a oversleeping and couldn't sleep on
Simpson the plane ride to Chicago,
sguise the if the police crime lab really suffered
from contamination, the blood
ho am I?" samples shouldn't all have
n Johnnie incriminated Simpson. The
From two samples would have suffered
nt is O.J. various kinds of contamination.
The racial epithet-spouting Detective
e oratory, Mark Fuhrman couldn't have
ouietly, re- planted a bloody glove at
under the Simpson's house, because he
under the didn't know if Simpson had an
Double-murder defendant O.J. Simpson takes notes during the prosecution's
closing arguments. Defense lawyer Peter Neufeld is seated with Simpson.
By Michele Moss
For the Daily
In the battle against food waste, SOR-
ROW - Students Organized to Reuse
and Recycle Organic Waste - is ask-
ing students to give their vegetable rinds
back to the earth instead of grinding
them down the disposal.
The group would like to see all Uni-
versity residence halls require the sepa-
ration of food waste into designated
containers - similar to the system now
used for paper, plastic and bottles -
when students clean off cafeteria trays,
said Jason Blazar, SORROW's founder.
Blazar, a senior in the School ofNatu-
ral Resources and Environment, and
David Newman, who graduated from
LSA in May, approached the idea of
vegetative food waste for an environ-
mental action project in a biology course
The course, "People, Plants and the
Frirnment " mwastiaht b ylr Peter
The group conducted the pilot study in
Mary Markley residence hall this summer.
The cafeteria staff contributed by
separating out vegetative waste in the
food preparation areas into containers
provided by SORROW members.
The waste was collected three times
a week and transported to North Cam-
pus, where the group mixed layers of
food waste with wood chips and worms,
The 3-foot pile was located on a path
between the Naval Architecture Build-
ing and a parking lot.
"You could actually get right up next
to the pile and it offered no offensive
odors," Blazar said. The wood chips
helped aerate the pile and layers ofmulch
and soil kept down the odors, he added.
Erica Spiegel, the recycling coordi-
nator of the University's Grounds and
Waste Management Department, said
she could foresee cafeteria composting
in about five to 10 years.
She said no one has vet found a fool-
looked for anyone else," he said.
He citedthe "defining moment in the
trial" as the day prosecutor Christopher
Darden asked Simpson to try on the
hlnnrmiv Pvidnone and the defen-
"f it doesn't fit,
you moust acquit. "
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