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September 28, 1995 - Image 2

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The Michigan Daily, 1995-09-28

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2A - The Michigan Daily - Thursday, September 28, 1995

JOURNALISM
Continued from Page 1A
ate training.
Maensaid an additional commit-
tee wi Wbe formed to further explore the
Certificate in Journalism and will re-
port its findings by the end of the aca-
demic year. Harrison will chairthe com-
mittee:
"We haven't researched it yet, we
haven't identified how it would work,
or where it would be housed, or how
much it would cost," Machen said. "I
have not approved the program until
they answer these questions."
Charles R. Eisendrath, director ofthe
Michigan Journalism Fellows Program
and a task force member, partially dis-
sented from the final report submitted
to Machen.
Eisendrath, the sole journalist on the
eight-member task force, opposed the
idea of the small certification program
proposed by the committee.
"... At the scale proposed, (the cer-
tificate program) falls squarely within
the parameters of what the Committee
ruled should be avoided at Michigan -

a program not given the resources nec-
essary for acheiving national leader-
ship," Eisendrath wrote in his dissent.
The committee also decided against
an initial idea to relocate the program,
currently housed in LSA, to another
school in the the University.
Robert J. Weisbuch, interim dean of
the Rackham School of Graduate Stud-
ies and chair of the Journalism Task
Force, said L$A does not want to con-
tinue housing the program and no other
school has expressed an interest in pick-
ing it up.
"There wasn't any school in the Uni-
versity that was crying out for it. If we
don't have the active enthusiasm from
the school then we shouldn't relocate
it," Weisbuch said.
The committee made its decision af-
ter gathering information from more
than 20 journalism experts nationwide.
"Times change and needs change,"
Weisbuch said. "We were told that what
journalism needs now is not so much
someone with a journalism degree and
a couple of public health courses, but
someone who has a public health de-
gree with some strong journalism
courses."

Israeli cabinet approves
treaty; hurdles remain

JERUSALEM (AP) -Foreign Min-
ister Shimon Peres called it "a present
to a world tired of wars" - the Israeli
Cabinet's approval yesterday of a plan
to bring self-rule to most of the I mil-
lion Palestinians in the West Bank.
The PLO's executive committee gave
the accord approval the day before, and
the Middle East peacemakers will gather
at the White House today for a formal
signing ceremony.
But there are still loose ends that
could unravel the deal.
Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin will
meet with PLO Chairman Yasser Arafat
prior to the signing, and President
Clinton may have to do some arm-
twisting to get the last details in place.
Three issues-a timetable for Israeli
troop withdrawal, the size ofan autono-
mous enclave around the West Bank
city of Jericho, and the scope of Pales-
tinian prisoner releases - must be re-
solved before today's signing.
The accord must also be approved by
Israel's 120-member parliament Oct. 5,
and Nissim Zvilli, secretary-general of
Rabin's Labor Party, predicts a one-
vote victory.
"Nobody knows what will happen if
the final agreement is not approved,"
Zvilli said yesterday. "There is a danger
that it could paralyze the process with
the Palestinians."
A more immediate issue is the Pales-
tinian demand for the release of prison-
ers from Israeli jails.
Israel has agreed to free 2,000 of the

5,500 now held - one group shortly
after the signing of the West Bank ac-
cord, a second on the eve of Palestinian
elections and the rest later. But Israel
has refused to grant early release to
about 350 Palestinians convicted ofkill-
ing or wounding Israelis.
Arafat also wants Rabin and Peres to
free Sheik Ahmed Yassin, spiritual
leader of the Islamic fundamentalist
group Hamas, which has carried out a
campaign of suicide attacks in an effort
to foil the agreement.
Israel has no plans to release any of
the 1,700 Islamic activists rounded up
since the Israel-PLO agreement was
signed Sept. 13, 1993.
An Israeli official said Rabin would
not budge on Arafat's demands to ex-
pand the autonomy zone around Jeri-
cho. The PLO wants territory along the
shores of the Jordan River and the Dead
Sea, border zones that Israel does not
want to give up for security reasons.
An Israeli official, speaking on con-
dition of anonymity, said the disagree-
ments might lead to a last-minute crisis
before the Washington signing. He said
Clinton might have to do some arm-
twisting to get the accord signed.
The West Bank plan was finalized last
weekend after 14 months ofnegotiations.
It calls for a troop withdrawal from
seven West Bank towns, followed by
general elections in which the Palestin-
ians will choose an 82-member Pales-
tinian Council with executive and leg-
islative powers.

NATIONAL EPORT
Gene therapy fails to fix inborn diseases
BOSTON - In a sobering setback for gene therapy, two promising attempts to
fix nature's inborn mistakes have failed to help victims of cystic fibrosis and
muscular dystrophy.
Scientists in recent years have found the genetic flaws that cause both condi-
tions. They are among the most common lethal inherited diseases, and the
discoveries led to speculation that soon there would be cures: Just replace the bad
genes with good ones.
The new reports suggest it won't be as easy as scientists had hoped.
Neither experiment was a complete bust. Some healthy genes actually were
transferred. But the gene therapy came nowhere close to doing the patients any
good.
Proponents of this approach caution against gloom, however. They say that a
quick cure is too much to expect in a field that is only about 5 years old.
Indeed, more than 100 other human experiments are under way in efforts to
correct a variety of both inherited and acquired illnesses, including AIDS, cancer
and heart trouble.
The disappointing reports were published in today's issue of the New England
Journal of Medicine. In both experiments, researchers attempted to reverse
inherited illnesses by giving victims the healthy genes they were born without.

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New U.S. $100 bill
sports a bigger, more
Outhful Franklin
WASHINGTON - Ben Franklin is
bigger, slightly left of center and maybe
even looks a little more youthful on the
new $100 bill.
The new-look founding father was on
display yesterday as the government
took the wraps off its new bill to launch
the first overhaul of U.S. currency in
nearly 70 years.
The goal is to thwart increasingly
sophisticated counterfeiters worldwide
- not to improve aesthetics, officials
said.
"We must stay ahead of the rush of
technology," said Treasury Secretary
Robert Rubin. Modern computers and
color scanners could pose a threat to the
greenback if the United States failed to
act, he said.
Federal Reserve Chairman Alan
Greenspan, on hand for an elaborate
unveiling ceremony by the Clinton ad-
ministration in the Treasury
Department's ornate Cash Room, said
there is little cause for concern. Fewer

than one of every 100,000 bills of all
denominations in circulation is found
to be counterfeit, he said. The Fed dis-
tributes currency through its regional
banks.
The government is concerned mainly
with forgers overseas, where about two-
thirds of the $390 billion in U.S. paper
money is in circulation.
Feds implement new
car-latch regulation
Federal auto safety officials said yes-
terday they will require stronger latches
and hinges on the tailgates of hatchback
ears, station wagons, sport uti lity vehicles
and minivans starting with 1998 models.
The requirement, issued by the Na-
tional Highway Traffic Safety Admin-
istration and generally supported by the
auto industry, is an effort to reduce the
growing numbers of injuries and deaths
that occur when hatches fly open in
crashes and passengers sitting near them
are ejected.
The agency estimates that about 150
deaths and 190 serious injuries occur
each year in such ejections. The stron-
ger latches and hinges are expected to
add about $3 to the cost of a vehicle.

SPENDING
Continued from Page 1A
in passing the bill.
The reduction in the EPA budget -
though less severe than that approved
by the House -still "places the Ameni-
can public at serious risk," said EPA
Administrator Carol Browner.
She said air and water pollution con-
trol efforts would be curtailed and work
at hundreds of Superfund toxic waste
sites would stop.
Republicans defended the spending
reductions as part of a broader cam-
paign to reduce the federal deficit.
"It sets priorities in very tough times,"
said Sen. Christopher Bond (R-Mo.) the

bill's floor leader. "We've done as good
ajob as possible within the dollars avail-
able."
But Democrats said the priorities were
wrong and that many of the cuts would
finance tax reductions for the wealthy.
Federal low-income housing pro-
grams were particularly hard hit.
Overall spending on housing would
be cut by $5 billion to $20.4 billion.
That would be 20 percent below current
spending, and 16 percent less than
Clinton had requested. Public housing
construction funds would be reduced
by $1.6 billion and senators approved
new restrictions on housing programs
that critics said may lead to rent in-
creases for poor tenants.

Oo.AROUND THE OL

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Practicing Pharm.D.'s discuss
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A TM College of Pharmacy seminar
open to students interested in the health sciences
Thursday, September 28, 1995 7-9 pm
1544 C.C. Little Building
(corner of Church & Geddes)
REFRESHMENTS SERVED

1

Ontarians protest
policies of premier
TORONTO - Riot police battled
protesters trying to stormOntario's leg-
islature yesterday as the new conserva-
tive premier, earning his nickname
"Chainsaw," outlined plans to slash
social spending.
The premier, Mike Harris, isa former
golf pro and teacher often depicted as a
Canadian version of Newt Gingrich.
An estimated 5,000 protesters -in-
cluding union members, welfare recipi-
ents and aboriginals - surged over the
legislature's front lawn, forcing police
to use clubs and pepper spray to keep
them away from the building's large'
wooden doors.
The legislative building was evacu-
ated after security received several bomb
threats.
Harris, elected in June, confirmed
that his government plans radical sur-
gery on the vast welfare state serving
the 10 million people in Canada's most
populous province.
Harris intends to reduce annual spend-
ing by $6.7 billion, a 20 percent drop,
by imposing huge cuts on welfare, pub-
lic housing, mass transit and cultural
programs.
Outside the legislative chamber, some
anti-Harris demonstrators broke sticks
from their signs and starting swinging

them at police yesterday. Others threw
water bottles and stones. One woman's
face was covered in blood as police
tried to beat back the crowd.
There was no immediate word on
other injuries or arrests.
Colombian pres.
lawyer attacked
BOGOTA, Colombia - Assailants
fired machine guns yesterday at cars
carrying President Ernesto Samper's
lawyer and bodyguards, killing two
bodyguards and injuring the lawyer.
Five gunmen jumped from a van and
fired automatic rifles at the lawyer's
Mercedes Benz and his bodyguards'
car, a witness told RCN radio. The
lawyer, Cancino, got out and was shot,
the unidentified witness said.
A previously unknown group calling
itself the Movement for a Dignified
Colombiaclaimed responsibility for the
attack and said Samper, his wife and
othergovernment leaders wouldbe next.
Interior Minister Horacio Serpa,
meanwhile, suggested that U.S. drug
agents were behind a conspiracy to
topple Samper and destabilize Colom-
bia, but he didn't specifically blame
U.S. officials for yesterday's attack.
Samper canceled public appearances
yesterday and met with law enforce-
ment officials to discuss security.
- From Daily wire services

v

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NEWS Nate Hurley, Managing Editor
EDITORS: Jonathan Berndt. Lisa Dines. Andrew Taylor. Scot Woods.
STAFF: Cathy Boguslaski. Kran Chaudhri, Jodi Cohen. Sam T. Dudek. Lenny Feller. Jennifer Fried, Ronnie Glassberg. Jennifer
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DNAaTA lnathan LuEri. Editor

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