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One hundredfive years of editorialfreedom
December 7, 1995
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ccreditor: Lack of code wasn't critical
'U' officials stand
remarks to regents
By Amy Klein
Daily Staff Reporter
While University President James J.
Duderstadt asserted that an accredita-
tion team criticized the University in a
1990 exit interview for not having a
student conduct code, the chair of the
team that visited the University said
yesterday that was highly unlikely.
During discussion on the new Code of
Student Conduct at the November Board
of Regents meeting, Duderstadt referred
to an accreditation report from the North
Central Association of Colleges and
Schools, saying the University had been
"derelict in our responsibility" because
of the lack of a student code.
Then, in a Dec. 1 e-mail message to
faculty Civil Liberties Board Chair
Martin Gold, Duderstadt wrote that his
comments were taken from "a discus-
sion at the exit interview" with the
accreditation agency. Written records
of the exit interviewst are not kept.
But E. David Cronon, a history pro-
fessor at the University of Wisconsin
who chaired the accreditation team in
February 1990, said a typical exit inter-
view is used merely to summarize the
findings of the report.
"it's not typical for stronger remarks
to be said in an exit interview," Cronon
said. "We normally wouldn't say any-
thing in an exit interview that isn't said
in the report, certainly not if it's some-
thing that is important."
The accreditation report refers to a
We normally wouldn't say anything
in an exit interview that isn't said in
- E. David Cronon
Chair of the 1990 accreditation team
code only under the "Advice for Insti-
tutional Improvement" heading - a
"purely advisory" section of the re-
port. Cronon said any of the accredi-
tation team's strong recommendations
would be listed in the "Concerns"
In a letter sent to The Michigan Daily
yesterday, Associate Vice President for
University Relations Lisa Baker and
Vice President for Student Affairs
Maureen A. Hartford stated again that
many of Duderstadt's remarks were
based on the interview.
"Although not cited in the report,
during meetings with administrators the
team expressed surprise at the absence
of a code of conduct, suggesting that
the University was legally at risk for
lack of one. They also felt that Michi-
gan was abdicating an important moral
responsibility to its students and the
"Accreditation teams often cite con-
cerns in their oral, exit interviews which
may not appear in their report," the
Following the board's approval of
the Code of Student Conduct in No-
vember, Regent Andrea Fischer
Newman (R-Ann Arbor) said she
thought Duderstadt's mention of the
accreditation report may have swayed
some regents to support the Code.
Regent Deane Baker (R-Ann Arbor)
said Tuesday that Duderstadt's remarks
suggested that the University would
risk its accreditation if it continued with-
out a code.
"The inference was definitely there."
Baker said."I don't know why he raised
it, but he obviously intended to influ-
ence a vote."
The North Central Association of
Colleges and Schools is the
largest accreditation agency in the
Universities, colleges and schools
that belong to the agency must be
accredited once every 10 years.
The accreditation visit lasts for
During the accreditation process a
team of academics evaluate the
structure and problems of the
institution, discussing campus
Most institutions will not accept
academic credits from a non-
accredited university, and the
federal government often gives
grants based on an accreditation.
Russia urges Serbs
to accept peace plan
Los Angeles Times
BRUSSELS, Belgium - U.S. Secretary
of State Warren Christopher and Russian
Foreign Minister Andrei V. Kozyrev sought
yesterday to soothe the fury of Bosnian Serbs
over the Dayton, Ohio, peace settlement,
suggesting that the pact can be carried out in
a way that takes account of their grievances.
Appearing alongside one another, the two
men emphasized that the long and complex
agreement reached last month in Ohio can-
not be renegotiated. But both suggested that
the agreement can be enforced in a way that
may accommodate the Bosnian Serbs.
Christopher said the accord needs to be
carried out "with sensitivity to the con-
cerns of the (Bosnian) parties." Until he
had rebuffed questions about Bosnian Serb
opposition by saying that Serbian Presi-
dent Slobodan Milosevic, who signed the
agreement, had represented the Bosnian
Serbs' interests in the Dayton negotia-
Kozyrev, whose government has his-
toric and cultural ties to the Serbs, sup-
ported the Dayton agreement but then
quickly added: "No design can answer all
questions.... If questions of a human na-
ture arise, we will have wisdom to properly
Over the past two weeks, the Bosnian
Serbs have complained repeatedly that the
Dayton agreement requires them to turn over
land in the area of Sarajevo to the*Bosnian
government, which is in the hands of the
The Bosnian Serb grievances were indi-
rectly supported by the French military com-
mander in Sarajevo, Brig. Gen. Jean Rene
Bachelet. Last week, he was quoted by a
French newspaper as saying the peace plan
for the Bosnian capital is unworkable and
that Serbs in Sarajevo would leave their
homes rather than live under the authority of
the central government.
French troops will have responsibility for
keeping the peace in Sarajevo under the
Dayton agreement. Bacheletwas recalled to
Paris forcriticizing the accord, but yesterday's
remarks by the American and Russian offi-
cials underscore how seriously the two gov-
ernments are worried about Bosnian Serb
"We do want to be sensitive to the Bosnian
Serbs," State Department spokesman Nicho-
las Burns told reporters here. "Not to (Bosnian
Serb political leader Radovan) Karadzic and
(Bosnian Serb military leader Ratko) Mladic
but to the civilians....
"We would rather see them stay (in
Sarajevo) than leave. If they left, they would
just become refugees."
Under the U.S.-brokered peace
agreement that was agreed upon in
Dayton, Ohio, Bosnia-Herzegovina will be
split into two parts, with 49 percent
going to the Serbs and 51 percent to a
The Muslims belong to the Islam religion.
They speak Serbo-Croatian and some
have Turkish or Arabic ancestry.
Muslims made up 44 percent of
Bosnia's pre-war population.
The Croats are Roman Catholic. Their
ancestors came from the Austro-
Hungarian Empire. Croats comprised 17
percent of the country's population
before the war.
The Serbs are Orthodox Christian, with
ancestry traced to the Ottoman Turkish
American officials were not specific about
what could be done to assuageithe "sensit ivi-
ties' of the Bosnian Serbs- but they said
many of these measures could be worked out
in talks this weekend in London about the
civilian aspects of the Bosnian peace settle-
Those talks will cover such issues as refu-
gees, economic reconstruction for Bosnia
and how Bosnian police forces will be trained
Christopher pointed out that the U.N. High
Commission for Refugees (UN H CR), is
opening an office in Serb-controlled terri-
tory at liza in western Sarajevo. One of its
missions will apparently be to prevent Serbs
from fleeing areas that will come under the
control of the Bosnian government.
NATO officials said the first combat-ready
troops will start arriving in Bosnia between
24 and 36 hours after the Dec. 14 signing in
Paris of the peace accord.
The signing is also a trigger for troops
from the operation's 14 non-NATO coun-
tries to begin deploying. They will go to one
of the three areas of Bosnia being set up by
the advance units under French, British and
"Within four days, we hope to have enough
forces on the ground to transfer authority
from UNPROFOR (the U.N. Protection
Force) to NATO," one official said.
For this transfer to take place, the Sarajevo
headquarters for NATO's land forces must
be up and running, and there must be enough
troops in each of the three sectors to be able
to exercise authority.
Clinton prepares to unveil his
own budget proposal today
Los Angeles Times
WASHINGTON - President Clinton, vetoing the omni-
bus Republican budget bill for its "wrongheaded cuts and
misplaced priorities," yesterday set out to line up support for
his new substitute spending plan despite many Democrats'
reservations about its tax cut provisions.
One day before the new plan's expected unveiling. White
House officials visited Capitol Hill to find moderate and
conservative Democrats arguing that the tax cuts would set
back the deficit reduction goal, and their liberal brethren
worried that the tax cuts
would drain funds for ,
needed domestic spending. Clinton's plan
"There is widespread
sentiment among congres- Clinton will fallow
sional Democrats that you yesterday'she
don't start balancing o bud- ve withfthe
get with a tax cut," said own budget bill
Rep. Martin Olav Sabo (D- today.
Minn.). Other Democrats
arguedthatthenew Clinton The bill aims to balance the
plan, which aims to bal- budget in seven years,
ance the budget in seven while cutting less from
years, should pare less than Medicare than the
the planned $124 billion Republicans' vetoed bill.
from the Medicare pro-
gram, because the health The plan includes a tax cut of -
plan for the aged is the $98 billion, compared to
party's strongest issue. the Republicans' demand
'The new administration for a $245 tax cut.
spending blueprint will
keep Medicare and Med-
icaid spending at the levels earlier proposed by Clinton,
but would cut an additional $64 billion from non-defense
discretionary spending. It will preserve Clinton's top
priority programs for education and environmental pro-
The plan assumes that optimistic re-assessments of eco-
nomic conditions will make it easier to reach a balanced
budget in seven years.
The White House's appeal for support came as Clinton
carried through with a flourish on his long-standing pledge to
veto the Republicans' omnibus budget bill.
Surrounded in the Oval Office by a group of elderly
Americans, minorities and women - reflecting the tradi-
tional Democratic coalition - Clinton declared again the
Republican.bill would dismantle hard-won social protec-
tions for the sick and elderly, as well as education and the
"With this veto the extreme Republican effort to balance
the budget through wrong-headed cuts and misplaced priori-
ties is over," he said.
Members of the 54th Quartermaster Company practice on a firing range In Ft. Lee, Va.,
Tuesday. These and other troops have been alerted for deployment to Bosnia.
NATO troops begin to enter
Bosnia; first movements slow
The Washington Post
HEIDELBERG, Germany - Four days
after President Clinton ordered U.S. troops
to start moving into Bosnia, the flow has
remained little more than a trickle as military
commanders edge into what they regard as
an unsettled and risky environment.
Out of the more than 700 military person-
nel the United States is contributing to
NATO's vanguard in Bosnia, only 41 had
entered the country as of yesterday evening,
according to the U.S. European Command.
Military officials in Europe said the snail's
pace is deliberate and not an indication the
operation is floundering. They cited security
concerns, uncertainty about conditions in the
northern city ofTuzla, where U.S. forces will
be headquartered, and the sheer bureaucratic
complexity of such a multinational under-
They also noted the political sensitivity of
introducing U.S. troops before the Bosnia
peace accord has been signed - that is
scheduled for Dec. 14 - and before author-
ity has transferred formally from U.N. peace-
keepers to NATO authorities.
"It's been a little different for us," said
Col. Gene Renuart, deputy director of opera-
tions for the U.S. Air Force in Europe. He
expressed a certain awkwardness at having
to deploy in halting, piecemeal fashion after
training for rapid. massive movements of
troops. "In the military, we expect to get up
and go," he remarked.
The first U.S. Air Force plane to land in
Tuzla since the operation began dropped 12
Army and four Air Force members there
yesterday and left with eight Army soldiers,
including Brig. Gen. Stanley F. Cherrie, who
had arrived by armored vehicle earlier this
The C-130 cargo plane from Ramstein Air
Base in Germany was also the first fixed-wing
See TROOPS, Page 8A
NEA chair accepts $50K
donation from Borderso i
EMU police reports
dispute student claims
By Jeff Eldridge
Daily Staff Reporter
The chair of the National Endow-
ment of the Arts came to Ann Arbor last
nightto accept an unconditional $50,000
donation from the company that owns
Borders bookstores - the first such
donation the fund has received in its 35-
"It was a culmination of a lot of
people looking at an effective way to be
part of the community," Flanagan said.
Many other companies have given
donations to specific cultural projects,
but Borders' donation is the first case of
a corporation giving a broad-based do-
nation to the NEA.
By Josh White
Daily Staff Reporter
YPSILANTI - Eastern Michigan
University police reports released yes-
terday directly contradict students'
claims that campus police brutalized
EMU junior Aaron Johnson in breaking
to pull him down, when he turned and
slugged officer in right side lower cheek."
Hardesty said in the report that his
mouth filled with blood and he was hav-
inga hard time breathing. He "then maced
subject as (Johnson) was still fighting."
Johnson then allegedly got up and