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November 22, 1995 - Image 2

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The Michigan Daily, 1995-11-22

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2 - The Michigan Daily - Wednesday, November 22, 1995

1~I ~ ~

Bosnia debate turns to peacekeepers

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Congress
asks: Why
send uS.
atroops?~
The Washington Post
WASHINGTON - Congress chal-
lenged President Clinton yesterday to
make his best case on why American
ground forces should be deployed to
Bosnia as part ofa newly initialedpeace
agreement, asthe White House launched
a'critical effort at salesmanship.
The initial reaction of congressional
leaders to the proposed deployment of
204000 American troops suggested cau-
.tion, wariness and considerable skepti-
cism. But the leaders appeared signifi-
cantly less hostile than they had only
days ago.
Already in the midst of a bitter bud-
get battle and heading toward a presi-
dential campaign, aides acknowledged
'Clinton faces a crucial test on what
have long been considered among his
weakest points - diplomacy and cred-
ibility as the nation's commander in
.chief - as he tries to persuade Con-
gress and the public that them deploy-
ment is both prudent and necessary.
"We should not automatically say
no, nor should we automatically say
"yes," House Speaker Newt Gingrich
(R-Ga.) said.
Senate Majority Leader Bob Dole
(R-Kan.) said Clinton must make a case
he has thus far failed to make "that there
is a national interest and there is some
reason to commit 20,000 American
troops" to Bosnia.
Some suggested Congress will stand
neither with nor against the deploy-
ment, but will debate it for so long it
will become a fait accompli, allowing
legislators to attack it ifthings go wrong.
a Others in Congress suggested Clinton
can get a resolution of support. Rep. Lee
"'H. Hamilton (D-Ind.) said it will take
"extraordinary" effort but is do-able. In
mcontrast with "outright hostility" of a
'few weeks ago; he said, "more recently
the hard edge has come offand members
are paying much more attention, still
skeptical but listening. That's achange."
Clinton began making the case yes-
terday in a Rose Garden statement an-
'nouncing the peace agreement in which
he argued, "Without us, the hard-won
peace will be lost."
Under the agreement announced yes-
terday, U.S. forces would comprise
about one-third ofa60,000-strong Nato-
led peacekeeping force. Clinton said
the Americans would take orders only
from the American general command-
ing the Nato operation, and would have
:the authority to respond with force to
any threat. He said he was satisfied the
U.S. military will have "a clear, lim-
it&d, achieveable mission" and with a

Plan restores
map; people
still displaced

A Pakistani U.N. soldier stands on an observation post In Tuzla. The United
Nations expects 60,000 troops will be needed after yesterday's peace acc

"reasonable" timetable for withdrawal.
Persuading Congress of those points
will be a central Clinton task.
He is likely to give an Oval Office
address to the nation once military plan-
ning is complete, perhaps as early as
Monday. His six-day trip to Europe,
intended to focus on U.S. peacemaking
efforts in Northern Ireland, is being
reconfigured to provide Clinton with
opportunities to talk about the Bosnia
peace effort with British and other Eu-
ropean leaders, and possibly to visit
U.S. troops in Germany likely to be part
of the deployment.
White House Press Secretary Michael
McCurry said that when Clinton called
Democratic and Republican leaders of
Congress to brief them on the agree-
ment, all told him he had to make a
better case for U.S. troop deployment.
As recently as Friday, the House voted
forthe second time to demand Congres-
sional authorization in advance of de-
ployment.
But many lawmakers of both parties
had said the outlook for approval could
change dramatically once a peace agree-
ment was reached, provided the agree-
ment appeared fair and workable, and
Bosnian Muslin leaders told Congress
that U.S. troops were essential to its
success.

NATO task:
To deploy
60,000 troo]
The Washington Post
BERLIN - With the mit
ofa Bosnian peace accord, the
light shifts from tightrope c
macy to the even more pe
military challenge of depl
more than 60,000 combat t
into mountainous, mine-st
Bosnia in midwinter.
NATO officers say the he
the deployment involves three
tinational army divisions ass
to three geographic secto
Bosnia. Collectively, their t
to promote stability by esta
ing and enforcing a zone of se
tion more than 600 miles Ion
tween Serb-controlled Bosni
ritory and land controlled by
and Muslim forces.
The U.S. contribution of 2
to 25,000 soldiers to the I
mentation Force will be (
mostly from the Germany-
1st Armored Division, whic
been assigned a sector head
tered in Tuzla in northeast B
Reinforced by a brigade of
than 1,000 Russians plus a N
battalion, the Americans -
about 300 Abrams tanks and
ley armored personnel carric
will man a bell-shaped area'
perimeter of roughly 220 mi
In Bad Kreuznach, Gerr
Capt. John Suttle, spokesmn
the stArnoredDivision, said
are at the pinnacle of readine

The Washington Post
PALE, Bosnia-Herzegovina - The
peace plan for Bosnia announced in
Dayton, Ohio yesterday restores the
map of the former Yugoslavia to some-
thing close to what it was before fight-
ing erupted in June1991. But the situa-
tion on the ground
News has been trans-
A yformed,andcoun-
tries that once had
- richly diverse
populations now look much more like
the products ofsustained ethnic cleans-
ing.
The peace plan ends, or at least post-
pones, the dreams of President Slobodan
Milosevic ofSerbia for a Greater Serbia
and those of his Croatian counterpart,
Franjo Tudjman, for a Greater Croatia
- dreams that were very much alive in
1991.
But the deal legitimizes what has
taken place in the nightmarish interim
between 1991 and now: a massive dis-
location of an estimated 2.5 million
people, mostly Bosnian Muslims, who
either were driven from their homes or
fled an uncertain fate at the hands of an
enemy faction.
This shuffling ofrefugee populations
AP PHOTO has resulted in a Croatia dominated by
Croats and almost devoid of Serbs; a
ord. Serb-led Yugoslavia all but free of
Croats and losing ethnic Hungarians
fast; and a Bosnia that, while already
cut in two between an ethnically pure
* section of Serbs and a federation of
" Croats and Muslims, is quickly being
divided into three parts as Croat leaders
seek to separate their people from the
Muslims, their ostensible allies.
As such, what appears to have won at
Dayton is the concept of an ethnically
homogenous state. What has lost is the
.at ' . belief that the groups that once made up
Eastern Europe's richest nation can live
espot- together in peace.
diplo- Fusillades of celebratory gunfire il-
rilous luminated the night sky over much of
oyng Serb-held Bosnia when news of the
roops agreement reached here. In the town of
trewn Zvornik on the borderwith Yugoslavia,
scores of people filled the streets ex-
art of pressing their hopes of peace.
e mul~ "Is it really over?" one woman, named
igned Branka, asked in disbelief. "Can we
rs to really start living normally now?"
ask is This pragmatic acceptance of the sta-
blish- tus quo in the Balkans by the United
para- States runs contrary to many ofthe things
g be- U.S. officials say they stand for, includ-
n ter- ing tolerance and democracy. It also
Croat could sow the seeds for a collapse of the
iJ peace deal because, many officials in the
0,000 !region say, without some type ofreckon-
mpre-~ ing of the injustices committed in the
drawn Balkans, a long-term solution to the cri-
based sis will be hard to find and the deal could
:h has turn out to be a recipe for a war of
iuar- redemption in the coming years.
osna. "In the final analysis," two legal
more
scholars, M. Cherif Bassiouni and Tho-
owith mas Dimitroff, recently wrote, "if the
with victims do not see justice, will they ever
Brad- really see peace?"
rs - In northern and central Bosnia, en-
sth a campments of displaced Muslims dot
les the mountainous landscape. These
many' people, while war-weary, may well be
n fr bitter and angry at a peace plan that
"We effectively signs away their right to go
home.

Specter to depart GOP presidential race
WASHINGTON-Pennsylvania Sen. Arlen Specter, with scant resources and
little visible support for his moderate message, prepared
yesterday to end his Republican presidential campaign,
Spcter's departure from the race would leave a GOP field of
eight candidates dominated by conservatives. He planned to a
formal announcement of his decision today in Philadelphia.
"I'm not going to go into debt," Specter said yesterday. He
said the final word would be "basically a dollars-and-cents
decision."
Specter, who failed to rise above 2 percent in the polls, had
sought to pull his party back from what he considered a far-
right tilt influenced by intolerant extremists.
Without directly confirming his decision, Specter indicated Specter
he could reopen his campaign "if lightning were to strike" and
moderates demanded his candidacy.
Specter, known for his tenacity, reluctantly decided call it quits in the face of
dismal fund-raising, said several campaign officials.
His departure is not expected to significantly change the presidential race,
where Specter was always an also-ran in polls.

Gingrich says no to
budget compromise
NASHUA, N.H. - House Speaker
Newt Gingrich accused the White House
of "absolutely tawdry" budget politics
yesterday and declared the Republi-,
cans "will not compromise" in the cru-
cial negotiations beginning next week.
Gingrich also said that President
Clinton, in a telephone call, had af-
firmed a commitment to balancing the
federal budget in seven years. But
Clinton's spokesman said the White
House was sticking to its stance that the
budget-balancing effort must be coupled
with consideration for the
administration's spending priorities.
Outlining GOP plans to Republican
governors, Gingrich said negotiations
would begin by today. He was optimistic
a deal could be reached before the tempo-
rary spending agreement expires Dec. 15.
But he also told governors to prepare for
anothergovernment shutdown ifno settle-
ment is reached.
One non-negotiable item, he said, is a
capital gains tax cut retroactive to Jan. 1.
Democrats have demanded Republi-
cans scrap some or all of their tax-cut

package, targeting capital gains provi-
sions as a benefit to the rich. Gingrich
said the cuts were vital for economic
growth and as a symbol to families that
a balanced budget would allow them to
keep more of their money.
22 injured in Empire
State Building fire
NEW YORK - A three-alarni fire
erupted last night in a lower floor of the
Empire State Building when a trans-
former exploded in a cellar. Twenty-
two people suffered minor injuries,
mostly smoke inhalation.
Eight girls visiting the city to march
in the Macy's Thanksgiving Day Pa-
rade were treated at the scene, said
David Bookstaver, a spokesman forthe
Emergency Medical Service.
Most of the building's offices were
closed at the time, but firefighters-still
had to evacuate at least 200 people and
even more walked out unescorted,:said
firefighter Jack Thompson.
The first alarm was sounded about
7:10 p.m.,but quickly escalated to three
alarms. More than 200 firefighters and
35 fire vehicles converged at the scene.

v A R OUND T.H.EWl-

- . ; -
, -,
.

Chinese government
opponent arrested,
faces years im prnsion
BEIJING - China formally arrested
its leading critic, Wei Jingsheng, yester-
day and charged him with attempting to
overthrow the Chinese government.
Under Chinese law, conviction could
result in a sentence ranging from five
years in prison to execution, legal ex-
perts here said. In China, conviction is
almost certain after a formal arrest is
announced.
Wei, 44, regarded as the father of
China's tiny democracy movement, thus
was publicly charged nearly 20 months
after his detention.
He had vanished after being stopped
by security agents on a road outside
Beijing on April 1, 1994. Despite ap-
peals from world leaders, China has
given no indication of Wei's where-
abouts nor was he allowed to see family
members or attorneys.
The official New China News Agency
said "an investigation by Beijing's mu-
nicipal public security departments
showed that Wei had conducted activities
in (an) attempt to overthrow the govern-

ment. ... His actions were in violation o
the criminal law and constituted crimes.
Wei is China's rough equivalent o
longtime Soviet dissident Andrei
Sakharov. Wei has spent all but six
months of the last 16 years in detention.
Japan wil renew
U.S. lease on bases
TOKYO - Japanese Prime Minister
Tomiichi Murayama launched a legal
process yesterday to compel landowners
to renew leases on property in Okinawa
for use as American military bases.
The action ensured the continued le-
gality of U.S. use ofthe land. But it didnot
placate Gov. Masahide Ota, who has
used the Sept. 4 rape of a 12-year-old
Okinawa girl, in which three U.S. ser-
vicemen are charged, as justification for
refusing authorization of the leases.
The Americans were indicted and
will be tried for the rape, strengthening
Okinawans' demands fora reduction in
U.S. bases.
Murayama will use his authority to
replace Ota signing orders authorizing
the renewal of the leases. One of the
leases expires in March 1996 and 34
others expire in May 1997.
- From Daily wire services

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