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February 19, 1991 - Image 1

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1991-02-19

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Brown expulsion
Page 4.

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High: 38, Low: 27.
Partly cloudy;
High: 36, Low: 25.

Since 1890

Vol. Cl, No.99

Ann Arbor, Michigan - Tuesday, February 19, 1991

Copyright 01991
The Michigan Daily

by Stefanie Vines
and Todd Lebowitz
Daily Staff Reporters
More than 35 years after their
dismissal from the University,
three professors who refused to
testify at a McCarthy era Con-
gressional hearing returned yes-
terday to speak in the Rackham
Amphitheatre in support of aca-
demic freedom.
The Senate Advisory Commit-
tee on University Affairs
(SACUA) invited Chandler
Davis, Clement Markert, and
Mark Nickerson to participate in
a panel discussion. Robert O'Neil,f
founding director. of the Thomas
Jefferson Center for the ProtectionI
of Free Expression, delivered the
keynote address.
Gayl Ness, former SACUA
chair, proposed to the University
Board of Regents last year that
the professors be reinstated as
part of the first annual Davis,
Markert, Nickerson Lecture on
Academic and Intellectual Free-
dom. The board rejected the pro-I
"We weren't able to garner
support (for the event) from the
administration or Regents, which
was the purpose of the lecture,"
said SACUA Chair Peggief
"There was an error made and
we are trying to seek retributionI
for it from the University," she
Chandler Davis also ex-
See PANEL, Page 31

Soviets offer
Iraqis secret
peace plan
Associated Press

Chandler Davis, Clement L. Markert, and Mark Nickerson, University professors dismissed during the
McCarthy era, speak yesterday in the Rackham Amphitheatre during the first annual lecture on Academic and
Intellectual Freedom. Psychology and Women's Studies Department Professor Elizabeth Douvan moderated the
37-yr. old decision still

Soviet President Mikhail Gor-
bachev presented a secret peace
plan to Iraqi Foreign Minister
Tariq Aziz yesterday, and the Iraqi
envoy immediately left for Bagh-
dad to present it to President Sad-
dam Hussein.
Soviet officials, who are racing
against the clock in what appear to
be the final days before a major
ground offensive in the Gulf War,
said they expected a quick re-
sponse from Iraqi President.
Meanwhile, U.S. and allied
troops awaited the fateful "go" or-
der yesterday along the northern
front of Saudi Arabia.
President George Bush's
spokesperson Marlin Fitzwater,
said the Soviets did not ask Bush
to hold up any war action while
Gorbachev's proposal was consid-
ered in Baghdad.
Bush and his top war advisers
conferred for more than two hours
after receiving details of the So-
viet proposal, Fitzwater reported in
A White House statement noted
that Bush promised to treat as con-
fidential a descriptive of Gor-
bachev's proposal, and concluded,
"Our military campaign remains
on schedule."
Earlier yesterday, the White
House said the best hope for forc-
ing Iraq out of Kuwait was
"conflict in the air and on the

. The Gorbachev plan "envisages
political measures which we be-
lieve were accepted with interest
and understanding by the Iraqi
side," said Vitaly Ignatenko, a
spokesperson for the Soviet presi-
Ignatenko said Gorbachev
planned to contact U.S., British,
Italian, French and Iranian leaders
to fill them in on his plan.
Gorbachev's peacemaking ef-
forts followed a week of Soviet
contacts with nearly every major
player in the month-old war. The
Soviet Union has supported U.N.
efforts to oust Iraq from Kuwait,
but has grown apprehensive about
the extent of destruction to Iraq, a
former Soviet client.
Both Iraq and the United States
have warned that fighting will con-
tinue and possibly escalate if noth-
ing comes of the contacts. U.S.-led
forces were threatening to launch a
ground war within days, possibly
President Bush's spokesperson
said the Soviets gave no advance
notice about the plan. "We intend
to continue to prosecute the war,"
Marlin Fitzwater said at Bush's
vacation home in Maine.
Aziz will return to Moscow
"very soon" after discussing the
plan with Saddam and his Revolu-

angers fired 'U'

by Stefanie-Vines
Daily Faculty Reporter

Three former University profes-
sors removed in 1954 by the Uni-
versity during the wave of Mc-
Carthyism still nurse the wounds
from their pierced rights to aca-
demic freedom.
"Any person should have the
right to say whatever he or she
wants to. No one's right to speak
should be infringed upon," said
Clement Markert, one of the three
University professors removed for

their refusal to testify at a Con-
gressional hearing.
The Senate Advisory Commit-
tee for University Affairs
(SACUA) proposed an annual
lecture in honor of the three pro-
fessors, but the University's Board
of Regents rejected the proposal.
But despite the board's decision,
SACUA sponsored the first annual
Chandler Davis, Clement Mark-
ert, and Mark Nickerson Lecture
on Academic and Intellectual
Freedom last night.

Davis, Markert, and Nickerson
commented on the University's
refusal to support the lecture in an
interview yesterday morning.
"The essential thing that this
shows is that the University
doesn't care about the mistake
made in 1954," said Davis, a
mathematics professor at the Uni-
versity of Toronto.
"A real gesture is a gesture
that shows that you don't want
this to happen again; the Univer-

Proposed cuts jeopardize

Ann Arbor art community

by Bethany Robertson
Daily Government Reporter
The search for something to do
on Friday night usually begins a
few days- before the weekend. In
Ann Arbor's art community, the se-
lection of events is usually large.
But if Gov. John Engler's pro-
posals to cut state funding for the
arts succeed, the wide range of ac-
tivities previously found in Ann
Arbor could become limited.
"There's just going to be a lot
less to do," predicted Diane
Rosenblatt, president of the board
of Directors for the Ann Arbor-
based dance company, People
Increased ticket prices, reduced
programming, and fewer new artis-
tic ventures would be some of the

effects of Engler's proposed cuts in
Ann Arbor. The governor's proposal
would combine the Michigan
Council for the Arts (MCA) and
the Commission on Art -in Public
Places into one organization and
would eliminate MCA's $9.1 mil-
lion grant system for the arts.
This year, $600,827 in MCA
funding was slated for Ann Arbor
arts organizations; $333,117 is
still outstanding. It is unlikely or-
ganizations will receive the rest of
this money this year, MCA Execu-
tive Director Barbara Goldman
said, and if the governor's recom-
mendations pass, all future state
grant funding will be cancelled as
Cutbacks in cultural funding
would have many consequences

for the entire community.
"It's a domino effect," said De-
bra Polich-Swain, director of the
Michigan Theater. Polich-Swain
said many of the theater's events
attract people from out of town. If
that business is lost, hotels, restau-
rants, and stores could all lose
money, she said.
"It can hurt the quality of life
here in Ann Arbor and in Michigan
overall," Polich-Swain said.
If state funding is eliminated,
the burden to support the arts will
be placed on the people and the
businesses community.
"When the arts are faltering,
people don't go out at night," said
Johanna Broughton, program direc-
tor for the Performance Network, a
local theater company. "The busi-

nesses, I hope, are going to support
us. It's beneficial for everyone."
Many arts organizations cited
smaller programming schedules as
a possible way to handle reduced
funding. The Ann Arbor Symphony
Arts funding
on the
cutting block
Second of two
has already planned one less con-
cert for the 1991-92 season, said
Executive Director Anne Glendon.
There will be eight concerts in-
stead of the nine scheduled for this
season. Deanna Relyea, Director
of the Kerrytown Concert House,

also said fewer concerts will be
presented next season as a result
of the state cutbacks.
Increases in ticket prices are
also likely as art programmers look
for ways to replace state funding..
"Another possibility is that ev-
erybody jacks their ticket prices
up," Rosenblatt said. "But then
what does that do to your audi-
Rackham graduate student
Pamela Ramseyer said increased
ticket prices would limit her in-
volvement with the arts in Ann Ar-
bor. "It will probably mean I won't
be going to as many plays and
concerts," Ramseyer said.
Many theater and dance groups
said decreased state funding would
cause them to take fewer chances

with innovative presentations.
Broughton agreed that reduced
funding would result in less cre-
ativity. "If we lose money, people
are stifled," she said. "There's no
way they can create what they
want to create."
Smaller organizations who have
relied on state funds in the past for
a higher percentage of their bud-
gets would be harder hit by the
state cuts. Rosenblatt said Michi-
gan dance companies are likely to
suffer heavily because they are
traditionally underfunded.
"Dance in the state of Michi-
gan, if there's no MCA, I can see
it being wiped out," she said.
Delta Sigma Theta Sorority
member Alynne Boles worked at
See ARTS, Page 2

SAPAC continues efforts to educate and help prevent rape

Student demands spurred activity to

Director and activist Julie Steiner
dedicated to promoting social change

increase 'U' sexual
by Purvi Shah
Daily Staff Reporter
"I live in fear on this campus
... the threat of rape haunts me
every day," said a University stu-
dent in 1985.
When this depiction of campus
life appeared in the article "The
University of Michigan's Silent
Crime - Ignoring Rape at the U
of M" in the January 1985 issue
of Metropolitan Detroit maga-
zine, a wave of fear and anger
engulfed the campus.
"A lot of students felt like the
University covered up the prob-
lem," said Sexual Assault Pre-
vention and Awareness Center
(SAPAC) Director Julie Steiner,
whose office did not exist when
the magazine article was written.
"In the article, there was a high-

assault prevention
It was the raucous sounds of
students protesting, however, that
inevitably got things done.
The article provoked an imme-
diate outcry when about 30 stu-
dents staged a sit-in at Johnson's
office and issued the following
statement: "We are here as con-
cerned and outraged students,
alumni, and community members
to shatter the silence the Univer-
sity of Michigan maintains around
Rape ... This is the current situa-
tion: the threat of rape already di-
rectly affects half the population."
The protesters demanded the
University increase sexual assault
prevention efforts through better
lighting on campus, improved
night-time transportation, educa-
tional programming, and an office

by Purvi Shah
Daily Staff Reporter
It's normal to brighten walls
with posters, but the posters cov-
ering Sexual Assault Prevention
and Awareness Center (SAPAC)
Director Julie Steiner's office are
anything but typical. The array of
political posters and buttons
crammed into her office reflect a
commitment to all aspects of
social change.
One poster reads, "He who ac-
cepts evil without protesting it is
really cooperating with it." A fac-
simile of the painting "The Rape
of the Sabine Women" proclaims
in bold letters "Today's Greeks
call it Date Rape" and in a
smaller inscription "It's a re-
minder from Pi Kappa Phi.
Against her will is against the

ington, you go to so many weird
Social change stems from
Steiner's roots, since her mother
was involved in the war on
"I sort of grew up thinking that
was normal - you were con-
cerned about these things," she
The Vietnam War protests
deeply affected Steiner's life,
since her high school was located
20 minutes away from Kent State.
Steiner graduated from the En-
vironmental Advocacy Program in
the School of Natural Resources.
"I learned about community orga-
nization and the different ways
people work for social change,"
she said. "At that time that was
the most effective way I could
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