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Strasberg & Tone
Caesar and Cleo'
)NESDAY, JULY 8, 1959
NIGHT EDITOR: SELMA SAWAYA
Education on Installment Plan'
ANYONE who even looks briefly, American
colleges and universities have become
steadily more like business in recent years,
largely because of critical financial needs and
rising public relations pressures. It's difficult
to say just how far the trend can carry before
education will suffer - some say it is suffering
One current proposal, however, would help,
undermine higher education considerably. Mag-
azines, journals, and some scholars including
Beardsley Ruml, suggest charging students the
full cost of their schooling. Thus universities
could pay adequate staff salaries, maintain
plant and grounds, and generally run things in
a very businesslike fashion.
Education would become a simple commodity,
.like refrigerators for example. As a citizen
purchases an appliance either outright or by
installments, so the student would purchase
WHILE THE PLAN has a great deal of va-
lidity, too many objections can be raised
which make it unfeasible.
It won't do to simply reject the proposal be-
cause it violates the Jeffersonian concept of a
free public education. Education has changed
in the last two centuries, particularly higher
education, and tuition has become a necessity
that even Jefferson could not deny. Nor would
it do to argue the difference between educa-
tion and refrigerators to a bland and obtuse
Perhaps the most significant consideration
against full tuition plans is their incompatibili-
ty with the current educational system. Some
schools have evolved into rich over-abundant
monsters, while others have. gone begging. In
other words the state of American schools is an
inequitable one, and promises to be so in the
future, as more and more grants and endow-
ments pour into the already-powerful institu-
HOW, THEN, does this situation relate to the
full-tuition plan? Simply in that the rich
schools, with a huge backlog of prestige, could
slide their tuition charges to fit their needs.
Meanwhile, weaker schools, needing more stu-
dents and suffering from numerous inadequa'-
cies, would be forced to charge the highest
costs. Thus, a greater overall strength needed
by American education would not be forth-
coming. The ineven distribution of wealth and
prestige would continue, or perhaps grow more
Some would argue here that more money for
scholarships would right all the problems, send
more deserving students to school, and gen-
erally balance the country's educational system.
These same people are forgetting that the
greatest grants and scholarships perenially feed
the rich schools anyway, and do little to make
things equitable. They are also apparently
overlooking the American public's almost utter
unwillingness to give money for something so
vague as education. Even if scholarship plans
were devised, there would still remain the
horribly confused procedure of evaluating rela-
FiNALLY the area of graduate studies would
be probably badly hurt by full-cost tuition
plans. To force a student to forego two or three
years of his life in which he could perhaps ac-
cumulate $10-20,000 at an outside job, and to
saddle him with the full expense of paying for
his graduate work, might be crippling.
The plan for full-cost tuition could be ap-
proaching fruition. By selling education on the
installment basis, it is hoped Americans don't
wind up with a critically cheapened and highly
"CAESAR AND CLEOPATRA,"
one of Shaw's quasi-historical
plays, is currently nesting com-
fortably in Northland's Playhouse,
just out of sight of the Detroit
Franchot Tone stars as Caesar,
and seems to know his way around
the role, laurel leaves and all. In
the role of Cleopatra is Susan
Strasberg, freshly out of an Am-
This production is generally
worth the drive to Detroit neces-
sary to see it. Of course, North-
land's stage is minute even among
the family of minute stages. And
the "Egyptian" scenery is out of
this world. These problems do not
seem to bother the cast, however,
and the net effect seems to be
SUSAN STRASBERG is a con-
vincing adolescent Cleopatra, full
of the whims and tantrums of
youth, but with the grim spectre of
queenhood hanging around some-
where. She is a dolly.
Vinnette Carroll, as the unpro-
nounceable Ftatateeta (five syl-
lables), is sinister as a two-headed
dean of women. David Hurst, as
Britannus the British Bore, is just
too droll. Shaw ha's managed to
twist the lion's tail (to use a
cliche) in elegant fashion via Bri'.
COSTUMING WAS authentic
enough, aside from a slight "Mac
beth" flavour; this is something
mote or less unavoidable for sum-
mer playhouses. Music, I must con-
fess, was crypto-modern.
Although the Northland people
do their best with a stage worthy
of a sardine packery, I suspect that
a transformation of their dome-
covered theatre into a theatre-in-
the-round might be a step for-
ward. Scenery for this play was
hardly a vital segment of the
cosmic all; the arena stage would
particularly lend itself to the cir-
cular design, too.
Summing Up:Fine perform-
ances by the stars in a neo-classic
play just off Eight Mile Road.
LOCAL DILEMMA INVESTIGATED:
A House is Not a Home, but the Thought's There
The Daily Official Bulletin is an
official publication of The Univer-
sity of Michigan for which' The
Michigan Daily assumes no edi-
torial responsibility. Notices should
be sent in TYPEWRITTEN form to
Room 3519 Administration, Build-
ing, before 2 p.m. the day preceding
publication. Notices for Sunday
Daily due at 2:00 p.m. Friday.
WEDNESDAY, JULY 8, 1959
VOL. LXIX, NO. 11-8
Tea for International Students.
Thurs,. July 9, 4:30 to 6:00 p.m., Inter-
Biological Symposium sponsored by
the Division of Biological Sciences: The
following lectures will be given Wed.,
July 8, 10:00 a.m. in Aud. A, Angell
Hall. "Protein Synthesis in the Pan-
creas," George E. Palade of the Rocke-
feller Institute for Medical Research;
"The Fine Structure of Spermatozoa,"
Hans Ris of the University of Wiscon-
sin; and "Fresh Observations on the
Structure and Division of Somatic Nu-
clei of Fungi," C. F. Robinow of the
University of Western Ontario.
The following lectures will be given
at 8:00 p.m., Aud.. A: ''The ~ilophysics
of Muscle" by H. E. Huxley of Univer-
sity College London and "The Evolu-
tion of Photsynthesis" by S. Granick
of the Rockefeller Institute for Medi-
Forum Lecture, Linguistics Institute.
Thurs., July 9, 7:30 p.m., Rackham Am-
phitheatre. "Consonantal Alternations
in the Modern Slavic Declensions." Prof.
Edward Stankiewicz, Indiana Univ.
Student Recital: Sheila Anne McKen-
zie, violinist, Aud. A, Angell Hall, Thus.,
July 9, 8:30 p.m., in partial fulfillment
of the requirements for the degree Mas-
ter of Music.
Sociology I Make-up Final will be
given Wed., July 8, from 1:30 to- 3:30
p.m.. Students should report to Rm.
5633 Haven Hall.
(Continued on Page 3)
Presidential Leadership Needed
PRESIDENT EISENHOWER'S recently an-
nounced decision to be neutral in the race
for the 1960 Republican Presidential nomina,
tion is poor'politics, and it comes just at a time
when the President, in the eyes of most ob-
servers, has begun to develop a real political
In sorry contrast to his adeptly handled vic-
tory in the budget struggle with free-spending
Democrats, this decision shows that he has
still to realize completely that politics are both
useful and necessary. Our system of govern-
ment is, in the last analysis, a political one.
It might be said that, by putting himself
again above the machinations of internal party
politics, a thing he has done too many times
in the past, the President is cutting off a pos-
sible source of weakness; taking sides might
alienate important Republicans, in and out of
Congress, at a time when all possible party sup-
port is needed against the huge Democratic
THIS IS probably the most important objec-
tion, but it need not be valid. By good tim-
ing, tact, and use of the political "deal" an
honorable and unjustly maligned device, the
President can make his wishes known and felt.
The President must intervene in the party's
selection of a 1960 candidate, both because he
is the leader and real electoral strength of the
party and because if he desires his philosophy
of government to be continued he himself will
have to examine the "field" to pick an agree-
able man. As the Republican race is shaping
up, two rather different men are gaining
strength, so a choice can definitely be made.
When the president of Ireland was in New
York recently, he said that "save for the
Church, politics is the most honorable profes-
sion." For a religious Irishman, this is the
highest of all plaudits. President Eisenhower,
however, still hasn't realized this, and by shun-
ning pure political activity is doing a disserv-
ice both to his party and to the country, which
could profit by his leadership.
INTERPRETING THE NEWS:
Indonesia Now Uncertain
By DAVID KESSEL
ACCORDING to long-time Ann
Arbor residents, the signs all
indicate that the long-awaited
break in housing rentals is 'in
sight. These local experts cite the
growing lists of rooms and apart-
ments "for rent," the mushroom-
like appearance of slick brick
apartments on the edges of the
city, and new dormitory construc-
tion by the University.
All three of these observations
are certainly hopeful, but whether
there is reason to hope remains to
Housing in Ann Arbor has be-
come geographically segregated
into several classifications, each
of which must be dealt with sep-
arately for a reason which will be
less obvious later.
NEAR UNTO the main campus,
in an area bounded roughly by
Main, Catherine, Forest and
Packard, lies the first, or neo-
dingy housing area. If an atomic
bomb were exploded, atop Burton
Tower during one of the musical
barrages which occasionally are
performed there, this area would
feel the primary effects of the
In this region, we find the
homes of a few citizens who have
not succumbed to the lure of
"renting," but mainly this area is
overrun by destitute graduate stu-
dents, idle seniors, women who
have wheedled apartment permis-
sion from the Deans, and impov-
Apartments in the primary
blast area usually represent com-
promises between artistic skill and
money; lack of one can be reme-
died by the other to a great ex-
* * . *
RENTS IN the primary area are
high, and many a house, valued
prewar at $8,000 by its hopeful
owner, now may be worth $80,000.
For simple elements of the theory
of compound interest reveal to
the onlooker that high rents are
usually accompanied by high
It is for this reason that the
older houses in Ann Arbor are
seldom replaced by anything new-
er unless they catch fire; an all
too common occurrence these
The numbers of people that a
reasonably large house can ac-
commodate is amazing; many of
these steamboat-shaped curiosi-
ties have more mail boxes outside
than Alice Lloyd Hall.
SOME OF the apartments to be
found in the area are models of
efficiency, space conservation,
robbery, and murder. The build-
ing contractors must have had a
real gay time installing kitchens
and bathrooms in one-time clos-
ets, hallways, pantries, basement
coal bins, back porches, stairwells
and elevator shafts.
Rents in this area are fairly
high, mainly because college stu-
dents cannot grasp the simple
arithmetical fact that $45 a
month each, for four people,
means over $2,000 a year. So they
one-family houses in adequate
condition. Still farther out are
the large and elegant homes of
book-store owners, birth certifi-
cate forgers, bank presidents,
former bootleggers, successful ad-
ministrators, and well-heeled
faculty members who have mar-
ried wealthy widows.
But of more immediate interest
are the new housing develop-
These are usually large, Ted
brick buildings, full of air condi-
tioning, dishwashers, tile floors,
sunken bathtub reefs, wall to wall
floors, and the rest of the luxuries
which go to make up Ann Arbor's
middle class heaven.
Often, dismayed tenants will
find that their new air condition-
ers, dishwashers, garbage grinders
and other toys cannot be used
much after 6 p.m., because the
flimsy construction of the solid-
looking buildings creak and shud-
der and keep others awake.
* * *
ONE POOR FELLOW found
that he could not even typewrite
during the late evening, because
those parquet floors very nicely
bounced the impact of key on pa-
per into the sensitive eardrums of
light sleepers everywhere.
It is useless but amusing to con-
trast this with the situation in
some well-constructed apartments
where a bomb detonated in one
room may barely be heard in the
next; not at all in adjoining
floors. Exhibitionists of the bomb-
detonating variety in Ann Arbor
need not fear that their work will
As new dormitories, University
housing for married students, and
the outlying housing projects si-
phon off the overflow from the
primary area, many of the old
houses are no longer filled to the
attics with crowded families. Curi-
ously enough, the precarious price
of centrally located p r o p e r t y,
coupled with the suburban build-
ing trend may someday turn all
of the main campus area into
vast parking structures, while a
large proportion of the villagers
live in immense apartments at the
edge of the city.
* * *
BUT THIS TYPE of speculation
is best left for crystal gazers and
real estate agents to consider.
More important for present con-
sideration is the role of the Uni-
versity in the housing struggle.
The University's most recent
answer to this problem is Mary
Markley Hall, an overpriced,
crowded, superficially lush, pre-
posterously located pile of brick
and glass which houses in com-
parative discomfort about 1,000
women. This represents a harem
worthy of an Arabian oil tycoon,
and one can only hope that such
a man will appear, buy the whole
building, and transport it to the
Near East. Until then, Mary
Markley remains, a sad reminder
of Administration Policy.
* * *
NORTH CAMPUS apartments
are another answer to the prob-
lem, if your wife has her own car.
to rent-controls, an idea which'
would most likely bring the real
estate lobby out of its nest with
cries of "socialism," "commun-
ism," and "welfare stateism."
OTHER IDEALISTS would ad-
vise University construction of
more student housing; these
people would be less idealistic if
they knew who would administer
such a program.
After a carefu} consideration of
most of the factors involved, this
is the best advice which can be
offered to Ann Arbor residents
and potential residents at this
1. If you are coming to Ann Ar-
bor, leave your wife and children
home. Better yet, don't have any.
2. Watch out for agents who
guarantee" you a house or apart-
ment. Broadly defined, a soft hay-
stack is a home for someone. It
may be you.
* * *
3. BEFORE moving into a new
brick apartment with i n d o o r
plumbing, check to see if the elec-
trical appliances ! are quasi-sound-
4. Never walk into an apart-
ment-hunting game with more
than;you can afford to. lose..
5. Brush up on forgotten arith-
metic; $11 a week each, even for
six freshmen, means more than
$3,000 a year.3
6. Residence Hall contracts are
best broken with the aid of a
friendly psychiatrist who will cer-
tify your need- for "outside, ex-
7. If possible, get out of town,
and never look back.
AT RUSSIAN EXHIBITION:
Male, Fashions TypicallyMale
By J. M. ROBERTS
Associated Press News Analyst
THE FIRST question that Westerners want
answered when a political turnover occurs
in one of the neutralist or noncommitted coun-
tries is its effect on the Communists.
In the West, the term neutralist itself is fre-
quently used as descriptive' of, a policy which
lends aid and comfort to the Soviet Union in
the cold war, regardless of the fact that such
usage is resented by the practitioners.
For the past several months the effective
power of the Communists in Indonesia has been
restricted, regardless of whether its potential
has been affected.
FOR A TIME it appeared that President Su-
karno, not a Communist, was going on the
theory that the party was entitled to recogni-
tion according to its strength, especially since
such recognition involved the practical poli-
tics of the effective rule. The military became
actively opposed, and he left the country on
a long tour for some obscure reason, and now
he has returned to assume virtual dictator-
ship, although he calls it only guidance of the
country with the advice of its other top leaders.
SUSAN HOTZERErROBERT JUNKER
PETER ANDERSON..................Sports Editor
Under the new setup, party politics will os-
tensibly be relegated to the back alleys, which
would-seem to cut the power of the Commu-
The difference between his so-called guided
democracy and dictatorship is, however, very
vague in the Western mind, and dictatorships
of any stripe make wonderful germinating
grounds for subsequent Communist coups.
T HE FACTUAL change in the Indonesian
situation is small. Sukarno has been the
boss all along, although somewhat curbed by
the vast numbers of Moslems among his con-
stituents who want his brand of socialism little
more than they want Communism.
He has, however, become considerate of the
views of military leaders upon whom he had to
depend to put down the various military insur-
rections which have plagued his government
from the dawn of independence from the
Dutch. The most formidable of these began in
Sumatra 18 months ago and still continues in
some outlying islands.
Attempts to fully evaluate such political de-
velopments in the world's new countries are be-
set by the same hazards which apply elsewhere,
just as local issues and individual personalities
usually becloud the meaning of political re-
sults in the United States.
For the moment, the Communists appear to
have suffered at least one important setback,
in that elections in which they expected to
make important gains will not be held. Their
vote has been going up steadily in regional- elec-
tions since the 1955 general election in which
they elected 31 out of 258 deputies. Their power
By HUGH A. MULLIGAN
Associated Press Newsfeatures Writer
NEW YORK - The fashions on
display at the Soviet Exhibi-
tion in the Coliseum here prove
that in Moscow as anywhere else
the male dresses like the bene-
ficiary of a Salvation Army drive,
Only three men's ensembles
were included in the group of
fashions sent over by the Moscow
model house, the Russian equiva-
lent of the garment district. All
are strictly from Square-in-grad.
The first shown was a black and
white, prison-striped sports shirt
over nondescript slacks that might
give Ivan the Ivy League look if
he happened to be guest referee at.
the Harvard-Yale game.
* * *
NEXT CAME a business suit
for business men in a country
where nobody has any business be-
ing in business. It was single
breasted and had tightly pegged
pants like the zoot suiters of the
pre-beatnik era used to affect.
"Cuffs are optional," cooed the
announcer. Socks seemed to be,
too, judging by the way those
trousers engulfed the shoe tops.
Finally there was a tuxedo, natty
enough in a capitalistic way, but
no different from the kind that
American men have been grum-
bling about wearing since the hey-
day of Rudy Vallee.
When the revolution comes, it
won't be in men's clothes as far
as Soviet designers are concerned.
There were six of them. All
pretty and all from Moscow. None
was a professional model, a fact
that was delightfully apparent.
They didn't have the bored, kit-
ten - that - swallowed - poppa's -
checkbook- smirk of A m e r i c a n
models, and they didn't walk as if
the runway was carpeted with
broken beer bottles.
They just strode out naturally,
if a bit athletically, and even
broke into shy smiles when the
packed audience applauded,
which was often.
of the Soviet Exhibition of Sci-
ence, Technology and Culture, the
official name for the Russian com-
One in a tight fitting silk cock-
tail dress broke up the house by
executing a Marilyn Monroe wig-,
gle on her way up the ramp. An-
other seemed to be unconsciously
parodying American models by
dragging the people's mink coat
across the floor with devil-may-
care disdain for the price tag.
"There's certainly nothing new
here," carped a veteran fashion
reporter as the girls showed a
varied collection of sports and
evening wear, some of which were
cut all the way to Vladivostok in
front. and rear.
MAYBE THERE wasn't any-
thing new in the collection, but
what they showed sure looked
good to these sack-dress-dulled old
orbs. Either the sack hasn't
reached Moscow yet or it's already
been relegated to Siberia.
There were-a few sheath dresses,
a couple of flouncy ball gowns like
the type high school girls wear to
proms and graduations, a strap-
less bathing suit that would cause
a Volga boatman to miss an ear-
stroke, and a beatnik style brushed
wool sweater over hip hugging
slacks that might have come from
Russia by way of San Francisco.
Abouththe only innovation
the fashion scene, 'as far, as this
un-tutored observer could deter-
mine, was a pair of long shorts or
short slacks, depending on your
viewpoint. They were somewhat
longer than Bermuda shorts and
a trifle shorter than the trunks
old-time fist-fighters wore.
Muscovite misses interested in
keeping up with the commissar's'
wife will find the fashions on sale
at GUM and CUM, the Russian
eqivalent of Macy's and Gimbel's,
except that both are'requiredby
law to tell each other what they're
. s "
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