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June 25, 1959 - Image 2

Resource type:
Michigan Daily, 1959-06-25

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Sixty-Ninth Year
Truth Will Prevail" STUDENT PUBLICATIONS BLDG. * ANN ARBOR, MIcH. * Phone NO 2-3241
Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.
Smaller Classes
Still Preferable
BALLOONING COLLEGE enrollments have increases would be intellectually profitable.
apparently forced a large number of edu- It only follows that large lectures-or even
cators into unfortunate rationalizations about "educational television"- would be practically
classroom sizes. profitable.
Both Beardsley Ruml and John Perkins,
authors of current essays on contemporary IT IS ARGUED that the small class is educa-
higher education, forward the queer notion tionally wasteful for a number of reasons:
that a larger number of students per class not enough students benefit from the knowl-"
is a healthy idea. President Hatcher echoed edge of the instructor, too much of the discus-
them in his Tuesday speech, claiming that a sion by students is irrelevant, digressions
"great professor with a class of 500 is more occur continually.
effective than another professor with five." As a remedy, large lectures are proposed, so
Granted, huge numbers of students and a that great numbers of students may imbibe
lack of brilliant professors might dictate the the teacher's gifts.
need for an expanded student-teacher ratio However, it takes little strain to see that
at many schools, and perhaps even here, where large lectures can be even more wasteful than
a 13-1 ratio is maintained. seminars. Why should hordes of students be
forced to rise early in the morning, gather in
an auditorium, and struggle to hear and take
accurate notes on a lecture which is occasion-
ally interesting? Wouldn't it be simpler to
Test? have all lectures printed in small paperbacks
by University press, shelved in the local book-
OKAY SO THEY are artistic. But unfortu- "stores, and sold to students to be perused in
nately, they are also totally unreadable. free time? Are not the present lectures, and
T natirsity'y e cals ttalgurede. even the physical plant which includes the
The University's new catalogue design will auditoriums, educational and practical wastes
not affect the student body, aside from the of a far more mountainous degree than, the
slight possibility of myopia from trying to small recitation group?
male out the initials. But sympathies should If so, and if a university is to have a pur-
really be extended to those who are seeing pose for its material existence,, then it would
the "official publications" for the first time, seem that purpose hinges to some degree on
It is difficult enough to get accustomed to this the debate and discussion emanating' from
huge, sprawling campus, without the added small recitation sections or seminars.
shock of all the information having to be In a small group, where ideas are freely ex-
found by identifying obscure hieroglyphics, changed and exposed to criticism, where no
It is possible, of course, that the University point of view need be stifled or slighted, the
is simply making the catalogues a form of quality of analytic thinking is honed far finer
admission examination. Presumably, any high than in a tomb-like lecture hall where, due, to
school senior who sees it and can tell what expediency, objections are automatically dead,
school it comes from, is sharp enough for and exchange of ideas is a one-way affair from
Michigan. lecturer to students.

Job I
Associated Press Education Writer
JOB PROSPECTS for this year's
college graduating class are
somewhat better than they were
a year ago.
But the frenzied, frantic hiring
that marked the mid-50's has
The outlook is good for high
school graduates, too, but if at
all possible they should plan to
continue their education, either
at college or in a vocational or
technical school.
N ew Ideas
In Labor
Associated -Press Labor Writer
THIS IS TO report that the
.workng man's ingenuity still
is considerablehin obtaining new
benefits from his employer.
A Labor Department survey
shows one collective bargaining
wrinkle gaining in favor is to give
a worker an extra paid holiday
for his own birthday.
A Wisconsin employer's labor
contract allows workers time off
in the deer hunting season.
There are breweries that let
employes take home samples at a
100 per cent discount - that is,
free brew.
SOME telephone companies give
free phone service to workers with
30 years or more service.
And a proviso in a contract of
an Alaska salmon fishing firm
provides that the employer will
make available to his workers a
phonograph in good repair-along
with an assortment of 48 records
in Spanish and Filipino as well as
The agency shop is a little more
prevalent than the above contract
provisions. But it's still relative-
ly rare. It's a modification of the
union shop.
Under the union shop - legal
under the federal labor laws, but
illegal in states having right-to-
work laws - the employer agrees
that all his workers will be re-
quired to join a union and pay
dues. Under the agency shop all
the workers have to pay dues, or
an equal sum, but don't have to
join the union.
* * *
PINEAPPLE growers in Ha-
waii agreed just a few wekes ago
ot an agency shop contract with
the International Longshoremen's
and Warehousemen's Union. The
union calls it a "dues shop."
It provides each worker must do
one of three things: join the
union and pay dues, not join and
pay a sum equal to dues to the
union, or not join and pay a sum
equal to dues to a d e s i g n a t e d
The idea behind such a plan is
that each worker pays dues to a
union or an equivalent "service
fee" for the union's cost in serv-
iceing him, along with other
workers, in matters of collective
bargaining, grievances and so on.
Employes of Western Union
Telegraph Co. are the largest group
covered by an agency shop pro-
visio. Labor Department records
indicate less than a dozen such
labor contracts covering 1,000
workers or more each.
Unions aren't particularly happy
over the agency shop idea. They
feel if a worker is going to have to
pay dues he might as well be a
participating union member.

V'orecas t:


That's the word from experts
in the United States Department
with reservations. This is the way
of Labor. They're optimistic, but
they see the situation:
* * *
THERE IS a strong demand for
college graduates with good rec-
ords in science, mathematics and
engineering. Those with poorer
grades should be able to get jobs,
but they may have to look longer
and settle for less.
Job prospects are also good in
such fields as accounting, law, the
health services, teaching, business
administration, journalism, home
economics and secretarial.
Straight liberal arts graduates,
with no training in a particular
field may have some trouble. The
day is past when a college degree
alone is enough to guarantee a
good job. They may find their
best job opportunities in banks,
department stores and insurance
The labor department points
out that emphasis in recent years
has shifted from quantity to qual-
ity, particularly in the scientific
field. Industry is being more selec-
tive in its hiring.
* * *
department says, local conditions
will be a big factor. The June
graduate may have to go far from
home before he gets the job he
An estimated 370,000 college
students will receive their degrees
in June. The Department says it
believes jobs will be available for
all, but all of them won't get
the exact job they want, at the
salary they want, in the city they
Teaching is a field where the
supply isn't expected to catch up
with the demand for many years.
The National Education Associa-
tion recently forecast a shortage
next fall of 135,000 teachers,
about the same as last year. The
shortage is particularly acute in
the scientific subject fields, and
in the elementary grades.
The traditionally low salaries,
which have steered many college
graduates away from teaching,
have been increasing at about six
per cent a year in the past de-
cade. Next fall, the average
teacher salary in this country will
be about $5,000.
*i * *
JOB PROSPECTS in the news-
paper industry are bright. Many
schools of journalism have re-
ported a sharp decrease in the
number of graduates over the
past few years. In addition to
newspaper reporting, there is an
increasing number of jobs in such
allied fields as advertising, pub-
lic relations, radio and television.
Women would appear to have
the best of it in this summer's
job hunting. The Labor Depart-
ment says there is a great de-
mand for women graduates with
stenographic skills and broad col-
lege backgrounds who can ad-
vance to administrative positions.
There also are many jobs avail-
able for home economists and
Over-all, the prospects for this
year's college graduate are good.
But what about the 1,663,000 high
school graduates who will enter
the labor market this summer?
That's a worrisome problem, get-
ting worse every year.
* * *
cans who graduate from high
school has more than doubled in
the past 30 years, from 30 per
cent to about 66 per cent. And,
just as it's getting more difficult
to get a job without a high school
diploma, it's getting harder to

get into a skilled occupation with-
out training for education beyond
high school.
At the below-college level, the
greatest opportunities for em-
ployment today are for techni-
cians. Men-and women, too-
with skill and training in such
fields as electronics, engineering
and drafting are having no
trouble getting good jobs.
Such jobs usually don't require
a college education, but they do
require post-high school work in
junior college, or technical or
vocationak schools.
Sol Swerdloff of the Labor De-
partment suggests that high
school graduates who can't afford
or don't want to continue their
formal education might find the

best training of all in the armed
* * *
"A SURVEY a few years ago,,"
he says, "showed that more than
half the nation's television serv-
icemen got their start through
training in the armed forces.
There is a real opportunity there
for training in dozens of fields,
all the way from electronics to
truck driving."
Last year more than 31/4 million
high school students held summer
jobs, and the number is expected
to be even higher this year. Col-
lege students, too, will be seeking
extra money during the summer
Secretary of Labor James P.
Mitchell recently suggested that

such students check with their
local public employment service
office to see where the best oppor-
tunities are.
*, * *
AMONG THE JOB possibilities
Mitchell mentioned were harvest
season work on farms and truck
gardens, vacation replacement
jobs in hospitals, rush-season
work for florists and nurserymen,
restaurant jobs in areas and sea-
sonal work at playgrounds and
swimming pools.
For travel-minded students,
there are summer jobs in Europe.
A non-profit organization has
been established to help American
students get summer work with
European factories, farms or re-

'The Boy Friend' Ghastly, but Gay

IT WAS FUN. "The Boy Friend,"
a 1950'ish satire on the 1920.
musi-comedy, was heavy-handed,
loud-voiced, stiff-kneed, but de-
In costumes reminiscent of last
year's bargain racks, the cast
romped through Charlestons as
only the children of the "cautious
50's" could do them. The audience,
largely composed of Conventica
delegates escaping from even!.ng
meetings, was amused in a nos-
talgic way and thoroughly das-
lighted, if applause and encores
were any indication.
Chief reason for "The Boy
Friend's" success was the tre-
mendous energy and exci'.e nent of
the cast and outstanding perform-
ances by many, although hardly all
of the principles.
* * *
SALLY AYN Rosenheimer is
probably the greatest scene-steal-
er and best comedienne the Speech
Department could have found for
this production. Her performance
was her portrayal of The Match-,
maker in French accent, but was
none-the-less charming for being
Miss Rosenheimer was also
largely responsible for some very
brilliant costuming, clever in de-
sign and literally brilliant in color.
"Maisie," Peggy Forward, has
the kind of brassy verve necessary
to bring life and sparkle to a pro-
duction whose music was rather
poor and whose value as satire
was undermined by a tendency to
the burlesque. She bounces through
some rather cute dance routines
and grimaces appropriate to a
satirical Flapper.
ONE OF THE minor principles,
Ann Hegeman as "Dulcie," had the
flair for satire that most of the
rest of the cast lacked. In a spar-
ring match with an old,.very gay
pincher, Miss Hegeman was wick-
edly coy to a more subtle degree
than was usual in the rather rau-
cous rumpus.
The sets showed imagination,
and contributed to the general
abandon which marked the per-
formance. Manually o p e r a t e d
clouds were a riot. The light, al-
most wild painting of the sets
very aptly suited the mood of the
performance, or what the per-
formance attempted to be.
Novel if not always successful
was the do-it-yourself choreo-
graphy. Except for certain num-
bers with a very professional touch
done by Margaret Pease of the
physical education department,
most of the dance sect!ons were
designed by the people who per-
formed them.

Softshoe and Charleston were
the chief ingredients of these
routines. After the third repeti-
tion, there is unfortunately nothing
too original about the Softshoe or
the Charleston.
dance selections were the ones in
the third act. As a matter of fact,
most sprightly of the entire pro-
duction was the third act.
Satire should be more subtle
than "The Boy Friend. To be
musical satire, a good production
should have reasonably, good mu-
sic, at least clever music. "The Boy
Friend" has bad music.

"In our attic, we'll be ecstatic'
is typical of the lyrics warbled by
a rather pale hero and a China-
doll heroine. As a matter of fact,
there is not one good lyric in the
whole musical, although some of
the tunes are very hummable and
more than one member of the au-
dience Charlestoned his or her
way out of the .theatre.
Despite bad music, grim plot and
the usual first-night tragedies such
as props that disintegrated on con-
tact, "The Boy Friend" was gay,
very gay, appropriate for a bright
summer's evening before the cares
of exams begin.
--Jo Hardee



The Strauss Affair

ADM. STRAUSS has suffered througha
painful ordeal which need never and shoul
never have happened. The whole wretche
business arose from the fact that the Presi
dent's political advisers at the White Hous
failed to take account of the political situa
tion in Congress.
Adm. Strauss's five year term as Chairman
of the Atomic Energy Commission expired on
June 30, 1958. As this date was approaching
the question of raeppointing him to anothe
term was much debated in Washington -- a
the White House, in Congress, in the press.
The most careful soundings were taken. The
President did not reappoint Adm. Strauss, and
the reason was well known at the time. Th
Admiral had made so many enemies in Con
gress that it was doulbtful whether he could be
confirmed by the Senate. It was certain, more-
over, that, if confirmed, he and the Atomic
Energy Commission would be in continua
After June 30, 1958 the President assigned
Adm. Strauss to various posts having to d
with atomic energy, all of them posts which
did not require confirmation by the Senate. But
in the early autumn, following the resigna-
tion of Mr. Sinclair Weeks, the President ap-
pointed Adm. Strauss as Secretary of Com-
merce. The date of the appointment is signi-
ficant. It was October 24, about a fortnight
before the Congressional elections in which
the Democrats won a huge majority in the
T HERE IS NO REASON to think that the
White House took the trouble to find out
what the majority leadership, which was
Democratic, would do about the appointment.
This was a grave error. The White House was
on notice since the affair of the Chairmanship
of the Atomic Energy Commission that Adm.
Strauss was a highly controversial figure in
Congress. With a Congressional election pend-
ing, the White House shuold at the very least
have held up the appointment to the Depart-
ment of Commerce until after the elections
were over. For only then would it have been
possible to obtain the "advice," as the Consti-
tution says, of the Democratic leaders as to
whether the majority would "consent" to the
The failure to take this elementary precau-
tion, which was required both by common
sense and by courtesy, precipitated the horrid
struggle which ended last week. Had the White
Editorial Staff
Co-editor Co-editor
PETER ANDERSON .................. Sports Editor
THOMAS HAYDEN .................... Night Editor
KATHLEEN MOORE .................... Night Editor

a House sought the advice of the Senate before
d making the controversial appointment, the
d President .might well have received assurances
- that Adm. Strauss would be confirmed. Or if
e the White House had found again, as it had
- found a few months earlier in regard to his
appointment as Chairman of the Atomic En-
n ergy Commission, that he would be fiercely at-
n tacked and perhaps defeated, the appointment
g should never have been made. As it has turned
r out, it would have been better for all con-
t cerned, including Adm. Strauss, if he had not
been appointed.
d WHAT IS THE explanation of the failure of
ie the White House to seek the advice of the
- Senate leaders before seeking their consent?
e The main explanation, I would guess, is that
- in October with a hot election campaign in
i progress, with Gov. Sherman Adams no longer
l at his- post, the whole matter was fumbled.
Later on, when opposition began to appear, the
d White House reassured itself wishfully with
a the thought that it is not right to oppose an
h appointment to the President's Cabinet.
b This theory is a feeble one. It is true that,
- the Senate has only eight times rejected a
- nomination for the Cabinet. But the Senate
has very often - I do not know how often -
been sharply divided about confirming a nom-
inee for the Cabinet, and nothing was ever
h said before that the minority who voted
against were somehow violating the spirit of
the Constitution.
As a matter of fact, Roosevelt's nominee for
Secretary of Commerce, Mr. Harry Hopkins,
was opposed by Sen. Vandenberg, and Roose-
velt's nomination of Henry Wallace was bit-
terly opposed by Sen. Taft. In both cases, the
opposition voted against the nominee, not be-
cause he was accuseI and convicted of any
wrongdoing, but because the opposition dis-
agreed with his political philosophy.
That is the reason why Adm. Strauss was re-
jected. There were strong personal objections
to him on the part of many. But the fight
would never have been waged so persistently
against him had it not been that there is be-
tween him and a majority in the Senate a
deep ideological difference.
THE OTHER DAY, at his press conference on
June 3, the President was drawn into mak-
ing some remarks, quite unrelated to the
Strauss affair, about the problems of a-govern-
ment, like the.present one, which is divided be-
tween the two parties. Mr. Eisenhower said
that he and Mr. Dulles had often talked about
whether it would be better to have a parlia-
mentary system in which the government stays
in power only when it has the confidence of a
majority of the legislature.
They had decided, he went on to say, "to
stick with what we have." For mty own part, I
think they were right. For a parliamentary
system, attractive as it is when it works well,
wm- a fifmml at* r iv~n..

-Daly--Aan Winder
GRAND FINALE--Cast members of "The Boy. Friend" come down
off the stage duriig the Grand Finale and circulate throughout the
audience in a footloose serenade, singing the show's title song to the
viewers, each other and themselves,
Geneva Conference
increases, Tens ions
Associated Press News Analyst
THiE GENEVA CONFERENCE has done just what the Western camp
always fears such conferences will do.
It has increased, not relaxed, East-West tensions.
Why? Because it emphasizes that negotiations with the Soviet
Union are, as Secretary Herter said, practically fruitless.
Why? Because the Soviets have specific designs on Western Europe



"Good Joke on You-You Can't Knock Me Down"
f f
;IT '-

which the rest of the world will n
nounce. Yet these things are
nothing new.
country has produced a hardened
attitude toward Russia as ex-
pressed through Congressional re-
There is in evidence a growing
tendency to accept the fact that
the cold war will have to be
fought out to a finish, and to face
the possibility that this *conflict
can produce hot war.
The American attitude toward
Communist attempts to drive the
West out of Western Berlin has
now, been reiterated, to general
appluase, to the point where any
backdown becomes impossible.
At the same time, Russian in-
transigence makes compromise
settlement seem just as impos-
Britain's Prime Minister Mac-
milan is still trying, hwoever, to
open the door to a summit con-
AS AGAINST Herter's "prac-
tically fruitless' statement, Mac-
millan says the "degree of success"
at Geneva should not be under-
rated, since the positions are more
If he means that Russia will
stop pushing because she is con-
vinced the Allies will not yield, he
goes against the record.
Nevertheless, Herter did not
slam the door on a summit con-
ference. He left it cracked. 'He


accept and the Reds will not re-



The Daily Official Bulletin is an
official publication of The Univer-
sity of Michigan for which The
Michigan Daily assumes no edi-
torial responsibility. Notices -should
be sent in TYPEWRITTEN form to
Room 3519 Administration Build-
ing, before 2 p.m. the day preceding
publication. Notices for Sunday
Daily due at 2:00 p.m. Friday.
General Notices
Graduate Students expecting to re-
ceive the master's degree in Aug. 1959,
must file diploma application with the
Recorder of the school by Fri., June 26.
A student will not be recommended
for a degree unless he has filed formal
application in the office of the Gradu-
ate School.
Linguistics Forum Lecture. Thurs.,
June 25, 7:30 p.m., Rackham Amphi-
theatre. "The Lawlessness. of Semantic
Change." Prof. Henry M. Hoenigswald,
Assoc. Prof. of Linguistics, U. of Penn.
Faculty Recital: Robert Courte, vio-
list, and Robert Noehren, organist, Hill
Auditorium. Thurs., June 25, at 8:30
-tdn eia:WlimLcldr




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