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June 25, 1959 - Image 1

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Publication:
Michigan Daily, 1959-06-25

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EDUCATORS'
RATIONALIZATION
See Page 2

C, r

Sir
Sixty-Eight Years of Editorial Freedom

47Iaiti

CLOUDY, WARM

I i

VOL. LXIX, No. 3oAANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, THURSDAY, JUNE 25, 1959 FIVE CENTS

FOUR PAGES

Frondizi
Bids To Hold
Government
Appoints New Head
Of Econonies Body
BUENOS AIRES, Argentina ()
Embattled President Arturo
Frondizi molded a free enterprise
cabinet yesterday around a new
economics czar in a desperate bid
to appease military foes thirsting
for his ouster.
The president coaxed Alvaro
Alsogaray, 46-year-old engineer
and army man turned politician,
into taking command of Argen-
tina's faltering economic pro-
gram.-cie
Alsogaray is chief of the small
Civic Independent Party.
Before accepting the Economics
Ministry, he demanded and won
contr'ol of the Labor Ministry,
which often has checkmated
Economics Ministry plans.
He will be Labor Minister tem-
porarily and will have -the right
"} to select the Labor Minister later
on as well as to pick six key men
for secretariats in his own minis-
try. '
One of the nation's leading ex-
ponents of free enterpise thus
won an iron hand over economic
and social policies.
views Role
Of 'Student
Government
Dean of Students at Kent State
University, Glen. T. Nygreen, in
* addressing a five-day institute on
college and university administra-
tion yesterday, analyzed the re-
lation of university administra-
tion to student government.
Discussing the difficulties which
occur ini student government, Ny-
reen said, "In the democratic
state all power derives from the
consent of thelgoverned. In stu-
dent government, however, power
derives from the governing board
or from the faculty, as defined in
the charter."
"Thus," he continued, "the
power exercised' by the student
government is derived by delega-
tion, usually from the president."
Actions of a student judicial
body are always subject to review,
Nygreen said. "This may be done
routinely or only in exceptional
cases, but the principle is clear in
either case.'
Need Patience
Nygreen then pointed out that
the way in which an administra-
tor deals with a doubtful student
government will require tact and
patience, but the time may come
when he must rule authoritatively
on behalf of the institution.
"It takes an understanding and
courageous president to help him
ride out the storm which ensues,"
he asserted.
"The usefulness of student gov-
ernment is nowhere more evident
than in discipline in residence
halls. Whether in men's or wo-
men's halls, self-government in
all matters, including discipline,
-4 is more effective than any im-
posed, authority," he added.
"General experience will show
that when staff residents view
their function as counseling and
not proctoring, putting the full
responsibility for establishing
rules, maintaining quiet hours,

and handling drinking, rough-
housing, and other behavior vio-
lations directly upon the student
government, that the result will
be a smoother operation and les-
ser damages."
Lost Seriousness,
Nygreen also commented on
the seriousness of purpose of the
post-World War II student as
compared with his predecessors.
He felt that at state-supported
universities one rarely finds a
freshman who attempts college
for any other reason than 'to get'
a better job.'
"However," he pointed out, "un-
less consciously thought through
such an emphasis may be quite
valueless. This is an additional
argument for a coordinated pro-
gram of student personnel serv-
ices, regardless of the size of the
college."
James A. Lewis, vice-president
for student affairs, indicated his
rna n 'f o f n eia ,,c~

Movie on Education
Here from Russia
By KATHLEEN MOORE
The Russian educational system, as portrayed by Soviet film
makers, will be on view at 2 p.m. today when the documentary film,
"School Days," is shown in Schorling Aud., 'University High School.
A "completely unique" picture of the 10-year elementary and
secondary school program, it is an illustration of the "very best
the Russian school system has to offer," Prof. Ronald S. Anderson,
of the education school, said.
The 70-minute, full-color film is the first in a series of previews
of recent classroom films sponsored by the Audio-Visual Center at
2 p.m. daily through July 24 in
Schorling Aud.
"School Days" was made in
1956, "undoubtedly by govern-
ment workers," he explained, for R b lR i
showings in Soviet public thea- Rebel Raid
tres. It was intended to give the
public an idea of the ideal, rather
educational methods, Prof. An-
derson pointed out.ALIR YP--Tosnsf
A copy of the documentary was ALGIERS ( ) - Thousands of
presented to a delegation from French troops, supported by tanks
the United States Comparative and jet fighters, yesterday pinned
Education Society during its tour down a rebel commando unit
of the Soviet Union last summer which recklessly attacked the sea-
by the Russian Trade Union of port of Bone.
Educational and Scientific Work- The heavily outnumbered rebels
ers (mostly teachers) with the swept past two small army posts
understanding that the group was at dawn and were on the outskirts
free to use the film as it wished. of Bone, on the Mediterranean
After returning from the tour, 260 miles east of Algiers, when
the society gave the film to the the city's garrison counterat-
University and the Audio-Visual tacked,
Center has just completed con- After more than 12 hours of
verting the film track to a size fighting, the rebels were stalled
suitable for classroom showing. hardly a mile from the city limits.
Dewey Translates The rebel unit apparently was
An English soundtrack, trans- specially trained and armed with
lated and recorded by Prof. Hor- automatic weapons.
ace Dewey of the Slavic languages It numbered perhaps no more
department, was added ,With the than 100 men.
Russian dialogue and music re- Stung by the attack, the French
tained as a background to the pou n overw th number
English voice poured an overwhelming number
voice.1of rnlea iIII)iIL mnninoin U LI

FROM 'U'
Scientist
Discusses
Radiation
WASHINGTON (') - A Uni-
versity specialist in hereditary
effects estimated yesterday that
an H-bomb attack on the United
States now could kill or disable
more than one billion Americans
of future generations.
Prof. James V. Neel of the hu-
man genetics department drew
that picture, which he conceded
was an extreme one, for a Senate-
House subcommittee studying the
effects of nuclear war.
Prof. Neel emphasized his fore-
cast was based on very rough es-
timates and oversimplifications of
data on biological changes caused
by radiation.
The type of H-Bomb assault
conceived by the subcommittee
for its survey left 40 million sur-
vivors 39 years old or under. They
would produce the next genera-
tion, replacing themselves with a
like number of children. This
birth rate would continue for 30
generations, or about 1,000 years.
Prof. Neel said his calculations
were in no sense a signal of doom.
His idea was this: many per-
sons now have stored up bad
genes without ill effect. Mutations
caused by radiation would simply
add to these - and in irregular
amounts.
The death of one person may
remove from the population a
number of altered genes, thus
reducing perhaps' drastically the
total affected over the generations.
And many of those who develop
defects may still carry on normal
lives, contributing to society.
Long Stays
In Hospital
BATON ROUGE (-The chief
attorney for Louisiana Governor
Earl Long spiked reports yester-
day he would try to free the gov-
ernor from a mental hospital be-
fore scheduled court action at
week's end.
Attorney Joe Arthur Sims, top
man on the 11-member legal staff
for the 63-year-old governor, said
he would attempt such a move-
if he thought it would work.
Sims indicated that he would
not interfere with legal processes
that have a habeas corpus hear-
ing on tap at Covington Friday
wherenGov. Long will ask a state
district court to free him from the
mental hospital at Mandeville.
The application for the hearing
before Judge Robert Jones con-
tended Gov. Long is confined to a
lonely ward at Southeast Louisi-
ana (mental) Hospital illegally.
Sims' announcement had a
dampening effect on reports in
the state capitol that Long would
leave the hospital -- where he
has been a patient since last
Thursday - almost momentarily.

'U' Budget

Bill

Dormant

As Legislature Continues

Deadlock

over

c. -.-

i

Seeks Red
Im port Ban
WASHINGTON (W) - Senator
Styles Bridges (R-NH) said yes-
terdaythe Senate Appropriations
Committee has voted to ban the
importation of Russian scientific
mathematical and teaching equip-
ment.
Sen. Bridges said in a statement
he had been attacked by the Mos-
cow radio for his efforts to shut
off the flow of teaching equip-
ment from the Soviet Union.

or soldiers into mopigute
wide area where the rebels scram-
bled in vineyards, orchards and
gullies.
Unofficial reports said 38
French soldiers were killed or
wounded in the bitter fighting be-
fore French planes and tanks
roared in to pin down the rebels.
The French claimed 44 rebels
died.
Tanks and armored cras fanned
out in a wide belt encircling Bone
to prevent any rebel escape.
The rebels were confined to a
big triangle that lay astride the
road leading from Bone to Saline
airport, which serves the white-
walled, tropical city of about
150,000 population.

School Aid
Bill Causes
New Conflict
GOP To Hold Line
On Spending Move
LANSING (R)-The Legislative
fight over the level of school aid
spending in 1959-60 entered a new
phase yesterday.
Majority Senate Republicans
took a "hold the line" caucus stand
except for a 13 or 14 million dollar
increase required to keep up with
rising grade and high school en-
rollments.
Sen. Frank D. Beadle (R-St.
Clair), GOP majority leader, said
this meant firm rejection of the
House-approved school aid plan.
As passed by the House, the
school aid formula bill would cost
about 332 million dollars as against
total expenditures of about 300
million dollars authorized for the
fiscal year ending June 30.
Of the increase, about 18 mil-
lions would represent an improve-
ment factor. The remainder would
provide for an expected increase
in enrollment next fall of about
70,000 pupils.
The school aid level, because it
must be met partly from the state
general fund, will have a weighty
influence on the final size of a
1959-60 budget, and thus in turn
on eny tax settlement.
Sen. Beadle said there was gen-
eral discussion on possible revi-
sions of the present aid formula
but within the framework of the
overall spending policy decision.
One possibility mentioned, he
said, was to peg the per pupil
basis at $193, rather than the
present $190, and at the same time
raising deductible millage to 3
from 23/.
Sen. Beadle said this would cost
no more money, except for new
enrollment, but would have the
effect of providing dollar benefit to
the so-called "poor" districts, those'
with low property valuation to sup-]
port local tax levies.
Deductible millage is a device
for recognizing local taxing capa-
bilities. The higher the rate the
greater the equalization, or recog-
nition given to districts with rela-
tively poor property tax base.
Sen. Arthur Dehmel (R-Union-
ville), Education Committee chair-
man, said enrollment next fall is
expected to rise to 1,645,000.

WASHINGTON (M)--The House
yesterday passed a states rights
bill strongly opposed by the
Eisenhower Administration.
Republicans voted heavily for
it, along with Southern Demo-
crats.
The bill would in effect reverse
a series of Supreme Court deci-
sions by providing that federal
laws do not automatically take
over from state enactments in the
same field.
It now goes to an uncertain
fate in the Senate, which let a
similar house-passed bill die last
year.
Reject Move
A signal that the Republican-
Southern Democratic coalition
was in control came earlier in the
day with rejection of a key
amendment sought by opponents
of the bill. Republican ranks were
almost solid in that standing vote
of 195-129 against a proposal to
apply the new rule only to laws
passed in the future.
"I am happy to see the entire
phalanx of Republicans rushing
to the aid of their Attorney Gen-
eral," Rep. Emanuel Celler (D-
NY) said ironically at that point.
This was a reference to state-
ments by the department of jus-
tice that the bill should be de-
feated because it would create
confusion over laws in a wide
variety of fields such as trans-
portation, food and drugs, labor-
management and utilities.
Defeat Motion
A short time later, the House
knocked down, 134-62, another
amendment that would have re-
duced the bill merely to a guar-
antee that state antisedition
laws would stand. Rep. John V.
Lindsay (R-NY) was the author.
Opponents charged that the bill
really was aimed at federal civil
rights and labor laws.
Proponents insisted they were
only seeking to right what they
called an imbalance of powers
between the judiciary and the
legislative branch, and between
the federal government and the
states,
Issues of Communism and sub-
version also generated much of
the heat under the legislation.

LEADERSHIP CONFERENCE:
Williams Asks Help
For AmeiasAged
The United States needs a philosophy on the aging if it wishes
progress in this field, Governor G. Mennen Williams said here
yesterday.
Opening the three-day National Leadership Training Institute
at the University, he stressed the importance ,of "articulating both
a philosophy and goals or else our efforts are likely to be disjointed
and ineffective." The Governor said the problems "will not go away
by themselves, but will grow and Q

STATES RIGHTS:
House Approves13
Op posed by Presi

PRESIDENT El
unh
Ike At
Gas Ta
In Con,
WASHINGTON
Dwight D. Eisenh
yesterday that Cc
the national roa
gram in a critical
by not boosting t
And Congress si
ordering the 11
increase he hasf
more money into
highway fund.
Without the inc
Eisenhower pictur
as limping to an,
halt over the next
In an attempt
under Congress,
the picture disclo
merce Departmen
highway commissi
Ten states wil
letting new contr
of the summer. F
the District of Col
by the end of the
suspend by July 19
ing 12 will bei
after mid-1960.
"This is a criti
our national roa
gram, and one wl
greta concern to
the President said
"We are on the
mate in the orde
of our vital inter
work."
Twenty-five sta
stop letting contr
of the year.
Senate 4
Asks AF
Of Sala
WASHINGTON
Rules committee
its unanimous
measure that woi
I ing public the na
of all Senate em
If the Senate
the committee's
away the secrecy
cealed the payrol
tors, a list of a
their salaries w
four times a year
The first such
Secretary of th
cover the three mr
1 to Sept. 30 thi
have to be publi

Finances
Both Houses
lill I
i Z onsidering
dent Money Bills
No Decision on Taxes
As Fiscal Year Ends
With Hgge Deficit
By THOMAS HAYDEN
A bill providing a three million
dollar increase in University op-
erating funds lay dormant today
while the Michigan Legislature
hassled over final spending bills
and looked for a solution to the
state's operating deficit of $110
million.
Passed by the Senate Tuesday,
the bill including a $33.4 million
budget for the University cannot
come to a vote in the House of
Representatives until next week,
under legislative rules which de-
mand a five-day waiting period.
The bill for higher education,
authorizing an appropriation of
ISENHOWER $100.8 million, was one of three
appy passed in the Senate Tuesday and
sent on to the House.
eI sOther Appropriations
Others passed provide $70.
million for public health and $16.1
X V p *millon for public' health.
Coupled with,$20,000in var-
ous spending measures sent by the
c c House to the Senate, the appro-
. rl~ess priations bills spell out a need %fo
(9 perhaps $140 million in new stat@
(R) - President taxes to balance the budget.
() coplaesdntThe new appropriations half-
ower complained way through the legisi4ture will
ngress has put boost the annual spending level
-$4,200,000 jam by 30 to 40 million dollars in the
he gasoline tax. new fiscal year, less than a week
ows no signs of away. Operating deficit
cents a gallon By that time the state's gen
asked, to pump eral fund will have $50 million in
the interstate unpaid bills to sttae agencies, and
two years of overspending will
rease, President have added up an operating de-
ed the program ficit of $110 million.
almost complete Nevertheless, the University ex-
two years. pects a check for staff payrolls
to build a fire from the State Administrative
he said this is Board "within a couple of days,"
sed by a Com- Vice-President for Business and
t poll of state Finance Wilber K. Pirepont said
oners: last night.
1 have to stop In addition to University pay-
acts by the end checks, a $5 million payroll for
ifteen more and state employes is due - and must
umbia must stop come . out of the tax receipts
year. Eleven will trickling into hte depleted general
960. The remain- fund.
unaffected until Two other state payrolls must
be met in July - a month in
ical situation in which almost no taxes come in
d-building pro- during the first two weeks.
hich should give Still Debate Taxes
every motorist," House Democrats and Senate
r in a statement. Republicans continue their argu-
verge of a stale- ment over a tax solution, while
rly development floor leaders have reported "vir-
rstate road net- tual agreement" on the need for
about $140,000 in new taxes.
tes will have to But no progress has been made
acts by the end -after five months of haggling.
Democrats still seek personal
and corporate income taxes, while
Group most Republicans hold out for a
peny increase in the use (sales)
1l tax. Some observers don't expect
prova a compromise for another two
' } weeks.
ry L1st In the Senate, Republican lead-
ers are reportedly showing signs
of giving in on cashing of the $50
(t)-The Senate million Veteran's Trust Fund, to
yesterday voted keep state machinery working un-
approval of a til a new tax begins yielding dol-
ld require mak rs

grow and grow."
Points to Needs
He pointed out that many senior
citizens "suffer chronic illnesses
requiring attention and care," yet
these people are the least able to
meet medical and hospital costs.
Thus, providing adequate re-
tirement incomes in the face of
a rising standard of living must
be given priority, he said.
America must also insure that
older people against employment
discrimination, Gov. Williams
added.
"How can we utilize those still
mentally and physically able men
and women who are retired but
who still wish to remain produc-
tive members of their communi-
ties and societies," he asked.
"How can we assure older
people adequate, safe and digni-
fied housing?"
Asks Support
"How can we provide the recre-
ational and companionship ac-
tivities they need, if the very pur-
pose of life is to be preserved?"
Answers must be found and
programs devised, Gov. Williams
emphasized.
It is not necessary to delay ac-
tion until a state agency is cre-
ated, he said.
Although life expectancy in-
creases as our population and its
wealth grows, he said, "we have
rn r7 n>in _7 n nn _ er- _.. _ m . hn

APPROACHING CROSSROADS:

9

U.S. Needs Medical Subsidy for Aged

Dean Fedele F. Fauri of the
University social work school said
that the United States is fast
approaching a crossroad in
financing medical care of the
aged yesterday.
At the 12th annual Conference
on Aging, Dean Fauri expressed
the need for some sort of subsidy
for the medical needs of the aged,

than those of younger groups,
since their needs are greater
than those of younger groups,
while their income is relatively
smaller.
Fauri said at present only ten
percent of the aged hold health
insurance of any kind.
Possible Subsidy
The question then is whether
to wait for insurance among the
aged to become more widespread,
or whether it will be necessary
for some type of government sub-
sidy to be developed for this pur-
pose, he continued.
Today about four-fifths of the
aged assume the burden of their
own medical care from their own
resources, Dean Fauri noted. This
has resulted in anxiety and self-
denial among this age group as
well as destructive pressure on
the resources of their families
and relatives.
"Figures such as these should
be of great concern to any soci-
ety that prides itself upon the
independence of its people and
its ever-increasing standard of
life," said Dean Fauri.
Limits Expansion
mhs _n-2l of r, n. r p. rt.y, rPP

ing from the load of free and
part-pay care, and cannot toler-
ate much longer the economic
drag upon expansion and proper
financing, Fauri argued.
The public must and will ulti-
mately accept the principle of
pooling risks by some means,
Dean Fauri maintained, and the
younger groups will help in the
financial support of the aged.
Asks Consideration
Dean Fauri called on education
to place the problem in its true
light-that of enlightened self-
interest whereby the young and
employed categories are helping
to meet the contingencies of old
age and retirement.
Asking for such understanding
from the public, he said, means
to ask for it on the part of volun-
tary prepayment and insurance
agencies.
The Dean emphasized that the
solution to the problem rests in
no one group. "No one carrier can
support the burden alone if it
hopes to survive in a price-con-
scious market."
Prof. Charles J. Tupper, secre-
tarv of the Medical School and

viding better health care for the
elderly lies in expansion of the
nation's supply of doctors.
While United States medical
schools now graduate 7,000 doc-
tors annually, 11,000 will be
needed by 1970, he said. Unless
efforts are made now to add new
medical schools and other educa-
tional facilities, he warned, it
may prove difficult to provide
needed medical care even if older
persons have the financial re-
sources for this purpose.
Dr. Basil C. MacLean, president
of the National Blue Cross Asso-
ciation, told an earlier conference
session:
"About three-fifths of all per-
sons 65 years or older had less
than $1,000 income in 1958, and
another one-fifth received from
$1,000 to $2,000. It should be obvi-
ous from these figures that such
low incomes for the great majority
of our older citizens can hardly
support anything but the most
incidental of health expenses.
"Yet the health care needs of
this population group are far from
incidental. Those over 65 use about
two and one-half times as much
genral hornital care as the rest

4mes and salaries
lployes.
goes along with
move to strip
y that has con-
ls of most Sena-
11 employes and
ill be published
r.
report by the
e Senate would
nonths from July
is year. It would
shed by Nov. 30.

, Example
LANSING (W)-- The House
Democratic leader yesterday
called for adoption of a com-
bination use (sales) tax and
corporation profits tax as a
solution to Michigan's financial
woes.
House Republicans promptly
turned it down and recom-
mended adoption of a use tax

I

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