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ditorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers
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AY, JULY 31, 1959
NIGHT EDITOR: THOMAS HAYDEN
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Nixo Loses Battle
Of Flying Tongues
'OR'S 'NOTE: Roger Seasonwein, '61, is a.
of Student Government Council. He is
as an editorial guest of The Michigan
AME4,ICAN propaganda to the contrary,
Vice-President Nixon's recent epoch-mak-
ng . debate with Nikita Khrushchev bodes ill
or the United States. Rational analysis leaves
oom for little doubt that Vtr. Nixon, repre-
enting both the American leadership and way
f life, was bested by Russia's shrewdest prop--
Of course, Khrushchev had much working
a his favor. To begin with, he was on home
rounds and facing an audience not only sym-
athetic to him but, for the most part, unable
o understand Mr. Nixon. Furthermore,' the
ussian position, because of its treacherous.
ombination of rigid dogma and skillful bend-
ng of fact, is an easier one to debate than
Bearing all this in mind, the fact still re-
gains that Mr. Khrushchev appeared far and.
way the more skillful of the two debaters.
.nd, more important, some of the arguments
'hich he sophistically advanced stand, never-
heless, as valid criticisms of our American
>ciety of plenty. In fact, they are in crude'°
>rm some of the same criticisms advanced by
any of our own red, white and blue social
S AMERICANS we are most often tempted
to disregard any of the Soviet boss's mouth-
igs as fictions with little or no basis in fact.
t best, we accept his claims about Russian
:onomic advances with the quick counter:
[r. Khrushchev may claim what he likes as
gards Russia's surpassing the United States
sonomically but one fact is still apparent:
Ve are free; the Russian people are not.
This is all very true. However, discounting
ir justified prejudice against Mr. Khrush-
hev, let us more closely analyze his exchange
ith the Vice-President with an eye towards'
>th its effect upon the rest of the world and
Toward the debate's beginning, Khrushchev.
luded to Captive Nations Week which we
ave dedicated to prayerfor those people held
r subjugation by the Soviet Union. Khrush-.
hev wondered, "What happened?; (Why did
Du ,do this?)" And then, wrapping his arm
bout' a worker standing near him, he asked,
)oes this man look Iike a slave?" the worker,
;tered not a word. Khrushchev, waving to
e other Russians gathered there, continued,
Vith men with such spirit how can we lose?"
e men applauded and cheered.
And what could the Vice-President of the
nited States reply while the worker re-
ained silent and the crowd cheered? Nothing.
>r, under these conditions, no matter whatt
ETA BETA TAU has taken the plunge. They
will be the first fraternity to build a house
the wilderness (which will one day be a
radise -=- get your lots now while they last)
lled North Campus.
The "bank" is way out now; a little further
n't hurt. After all, someone had to be first,
so theory' has it.
Hail to thee, etc.
basis our allegations concerning Russian dic-
tatorship may have, our friend Khrushchev
will be able to go right on negating our promise
of freedom with one of his own. And he can
add the promise of quick prosperity as a furth-
er attraction to bolster propaganda. Truth he
may not possess but his lies are effective when
we do not combat them more artfully.
NIXON, doing his best in a rough situation,
politely ducked statement on much of
Khrushchev's initial comment and instead at-
tempted to call Khrushchev's democratic bluff
by stating that what is needed is a real free
exchange of ideas since ". . . you (Russians)
do not know everything . .
A good answer for democracy's representa-
tive but Khrushchev met the challenge. He in-
terrupted Nixon by claiming that while he may
not know everything, ". . . you (Mr. Vice-
President) don't know, anything about Com-
mu'ism except to fear it." And what could
Mr. Nixon reply to this? The spectre of Mc-
Carthy is only recently passed and Mr. Nixon's
own political flag waving and Red pointing is
still fresh in our memories. What is Alger Hiss
to say? What are the people of India to believe?
Nixon, disregarding this comment, went on
to more trouble as he claimed, "There are
some instances where you may be ahead of us,
for example, the development of the thrust of
your rockets for the investigation of space;
there may be some instances in which we are
ahead of you - color television, for instance."
We Americans should indeed be proud of this
representative of our affluent society. While
Khrushchev claims the \exploration of space,
the Vice-President of the United States points
to, of all the symbols of American gadgetry,
KHRUSHCHEV did not fail to follow up this
blunder with a parry at our production of
useless trinkets and emphasis on style change.
'When Nixon praised our push toward new
vogues and sung of the progress inherent in
change, Khrushchev first answered simply that
"this theory does not hold water." And then
went on to exclaim against the American sys-
tem: which ,wastes its productive efforts on
gadgets which are interesting but ". . . are
not necessary to our way of life."
How the Madison Avenue creators of
planned obsolescence and the moguls of De-
troit should have squirmed in their seats at
that one. But Khrushchev is not the only one
to reduce these men to squeamishness. John
Galbraith has ,written a book deriding much
of the same useless production that Mr.
Khrushchev did. In his Affluent Society he had
considerably more time to exPand on the
feeling that much of the American theory of
production simply does not "hold water."
Admittedly Khrushchev argues merely to
destroy and not to build; his words are to
impress rather than accomplish. One cannot
deny the validity of our basic goals; they can-
not be tossed away merely because they are
not being applied. perfectly. Still it is both
shocking and disheartening to see a man who
we consider the arch-villain of Communism
able to put forth an argument which can so
easily be swallowed by many of the uncom-
mitted nations and, what is worse, has much
basis in 'fact. And most distressing of all is
the fact that the man who he would so vocif-
erously seem to.outrant hopes that his Rus-
sian trip will work towards making him the
next President of the United States.
IT MUST have been a night just
as summery as Wednesday night
was when Mozart's "ine Kleine
Nachtmusik" was first performed.
In any event, the music sounded
perfectly appropriate in its per-
formance by the Stanley Quartet
Wednesday at Rackham. Joined
by Prof. Clyde Thompson ont the
bass viol, the group played the
serenade with loving attention to
We generally hear it played by
a full string orchestra, but this
performance made a strong case
for not doubling the parts. The
soft passages were warm and per-
sonal, while the loud passages
were free from the harshness
which too often accompanies
After the salute to summer, the
quartet went to work in earnest
with the F major Quartet of Ra-
vel and the Quartet Number 6 of
Bartok. There seem to be two pos-
sible attitudes to take: either that
the Ravel Quartet is a master-
piece, and the Bartok does-not be-
long on the same program with
it, or that the Bartok is a master-
piece, and the Ravel does not be-
long on the same program.
ALTHOUGH the sampling. from
which these opinions were taken
cannot be called significant, I
think they have some validity.
Both quartets are what is loosely
called "modern," but they repre-
sent quite different points of view,
and not everyone can accommo-
date them both in his musical
E T -
Visit. to Haiti-Povertyx, Voodoo and Beauty
By THOMAS TURNER
gars,' pimps and petty trades-
men line the streets of Haiti's
"You got five cents? You got
"Hey Joe, what you going?"
"You want buy this head? Ma-
hogany. I'm. showing you. I give
him you for three dollars."
Cars pull over to the curb as
the tourists' walk by, and the
drivers offer their services as taxi-
drivers. They will drive you to
your immediate destination, take
you up over the mountains to Cap
Haitien and Henri-Christophe's
Citadelle, or best of all give you a
package deal, acting as your driv-
er for your stay, throwing a voo-
"How much you give me?" the
driver asks, presenting a business
I had been warned to expect
poverty here -- an Indian friend
said he didn't like Haiti because
it was "too much like India" -
but seeing it was still a shock.
HAITI IS a Negro republic, oc-
cupying the western one-third of
the island of Hispaniola. Three
and one-half million people live
here, compared to two and one-
half million in the neighboring
Domincian Republic, twice as big.
And all the island's mountains
seem to be on this end.
My brother and I flew here"
from San Juan, with a 20-minute
stopover in Ciudad Trujillo.,
At the airport, we were turned
over by the porter to a driver
named Planes Joachin. He took
us to the hotel, offering a package
deal en route. We put him off by
saying a Haitian friend would
take care of us.
Then we ate lunch, taking- the
menu suggestion, an omelet. The
only other table occupied held
three American businessmen and
one Haitian, whose business suit
contrasted sharply with his com-
panions' sports shirts. The Amer-
icans had ordered steak and lob-
ster, neither on the menu, and
were berating the impassive wait-
er for the delay.
We made our way'through the.
city to the office of our friend,
importer Georges Sicard: On the
way, we were offered hats, wooden
knives, sunglasses and "nice girls."
SICARD took us in his car on a
trip out of Port-au-Prince through
the foothills to a mountain town
named Kenscoff. Outside Port-au-
Prince we saw a sign, commemor-
ating "Dieu" who created Haiti,
"Dessalines" who freed it, and
"Duvalier," who is making the
new Haiti. Nearby was the coun-
try's only drive-in theatre, and a
little housing development.
The road up the mountains to
Kenscoff is twisitng, narrow and
dangerous. At one point a Haitian
lay beside the road, dead. A crowd
of people had gathered, then just
Kenscoff was 30 degrees cooler
than Port-au-Prince, only a few
.miles (14)daway. Pines grew
there, instead oftpalms.
We sat down at a worn old re-
sort hotel with Sicard, who told
us about Haiti.
* * *
"WHEN THE COFFEE crop is
good," he said, "everything is
good in Haiti."
This year's crop, he conceded,
is not good.
Haiti's crop is never more than
a fraction of that of Brazil, he
explained, but certain countries-
Belgium and Italy, for example-
prefer to buy Haitian coffee.
Haiti is wooing industry through
a,= tax-holiday like Puerto Rioo's,
Sicard said. He listed an enamel-
ware factory, a lawn-mower fac-
tory and a show factory. Much of
what these produce is for domes-
tic consumption though, except
the lawn mowers.
Leaving Kenscoff, we stopped
at a mountan restaurant. Look-
ing out from the terrace, we saw
the whole city of Port-au-Prince
stretched below us.
The streets were all lined with
green, the buildings were white
and tiny. At the dock we could
see a little ship-a freighter, and
a littler one, an American de-
Sicard pointed out the Execu-
tive Mansion (Palais National,)
the cathedral and the airport.
All in all, it was a lovely view.
But going outdto the car, we
were brought down to earth.
Three vendors of carved goods ac-
costed us, and after 10 minutes of
haggling I emerged poorer by
$2.25, richer by one carved black
The thing is so ugly, I laugh
every time 'I think about it.
* * *
THE HAITI HERALD, a local
English weekly, carried an article
telling of a plane which arrived
here with one passenger - a New
Other businessmen and tourists
who would have come, this Amer-
ican said, were scared off by re-
ports of a Cuban air-sea invasion.
He came, the lone businessman
was reported as saying, because
he knew how peaceful it is here.
The same article deplored an
item in Dorothy Kilgallen's col-
umn which read: "What president
of a small Caribbean republic is
being slowly poisoned by members
of his palace guard whom he
Irresponsible reporting like this,
the Herald concluded, hurt the
tourist trade which means so
much to their country.
OUR SECOND DAY here we
left the hotel to go for a walk and
promptly acquired two guides.
One, a young fellow, was telling
us of the virtues 'of Kyona Beach,
when an older fellow came up and
offered to drive us to Petionville,
in the foothills, to the big hotels.'
"They went there yesterday,"
the young fellow told him prompt-
"Don't you talk English to me,"
the old one replied. And a talking
"These people don't want to
ride," the old man said. "It's too
hot to walk,"
"Look at me, look at all these
people," his young adyersary came
back. "They all walking. Are they
dead? Are they dying?"
"They poor people," the old
man said. "You' never see rich,
The old fellow challenged him
to show his taxi-license, produc-
ing his own. The young fellow
claimed he'd left it in his car.
* * *
FINALLY we said we didn't
want to go for a ride ad walked
off. The younger fellow came
along, leaving behind ' the old
driver and a boy, who had been
trying to sell me a carved head.
Our companion introduced him-
self as "Jean." His last name is
Loland or Roland - at any rate,
it's pronounced "Wolan."
When we said we were from
Puerto Rico, he said he had seen
a newsreel and knew Puerto Rico
is under the American flag.
And Japan, too, is under the
American flag, isit not? he asked.
"No, no," I said.
"Not after the atomic bombs?"
"No," I assured him.
"Ah, and did you give the Ger-
mans back their flag too?" I told
him we gave half of Germany
back its flag, but the Russians
kept the other half.
THE MUSEE des Beaux Arts
and Musee du Peuple Haitien,
which we had seen on our. city
map, were in rather a poor state
Jean explained that they were
built for the Exposition in 1949.
They. were 'break" now, but the
President was going "to repair
"What is the President going to
do?" I asked.
Jean replied in a lowered voice
that he could say nothing about
this because he would be put in
jail. (I think he meant it.)
Ahead lay the Garuege, where
cockfights are held. Jean showed
us the inside, a circular pit 20 feet
across, surrounded by seats on
"Up there, the white men sit.
"Down here, some black men _
Haitians - sit."
We walked through die ceme-
tery, in which many of the tombs
are above ground (as in San Juan
or New Orleans). Men were sleep-
ing in the shade these tombs af-
forded, while a perspiring grave-
digger was battling with the rocks
the size of grapefruit which lie'
just under the ground here.
THE ROAD back to our hotel
went through a residential sec-
tion. Crowds were coming out of
church,rwearing their best clothes.
The old men were wearing the
The Stanley Quartet differen-
tiated nicely between them, mak-
ing the Ravel a succession of
moods, tied together with the ut-
most deftness, and the Bartok a
most poignant appeal to- man's
Perhaps a comparison is un-
fair, since the Ravel Quartet came
early, and the Bartok late, in
their composers' careers. At any
rate, the Bartok is not primarily
in the harsh style which we as-
sociate with its composers, but
rather expresses Bartok's sorrow
and terror at the coming of war
as he was preparing to leave his
native Hungary for the last time.
* * *
THE performance portrayed
both these feelings and the mag-
nificent formal skill with which
Bartok expresses them. I would
only suggest that the two middle
movements might have been given
a little more drive.
By ARTHUR EDSON
Associated Press Newsfeatures Write
TO A landfaring man, the long-
est days of the year come just
before a vacation.
What Christmas is to a child,
what a wedding date is to an ag-
ing maid, what a naive cashier is
to a check kiter, a vacation is to
For days I've been restless,
nickering uneasily ,at each pass-
ing auto, eager to be away and
Sure, Washington is a lovely,
interesting town. Anyone with a
sense of history.,enjoys' its co-
stant' reminders of this nation's
past, and is grateful that asnew
history is :made he's right on a
front row seat.
But it's change that counts with
a landfaring man.
Fellow. says, "No, I didn't go
anywhere this year. Just loafed
around in the back yard, watch-'
ing the crabgrass grow. Most rest-
ful vacation I ever had." a
Rest in peace, friend. That's no
vacation at all.
MANY CAN'T be happy unless
they're toted somewhere, by boat,
by train, by plane, by bus,
'Irue, hpguagoJ te ast-
er, and leave many w be-
But does this present enough
of a challenge? Isn't it the cow-
ard's way out?
A vacation, if it's to mean any-
thing, should give one the sense
of a mission accomplished - and
this best can be going out on the
highways .of America and fending
' To get the most from a vaca-
tion, one must begin weeks ahead.
That's the time for serious con-
sultations with roadmaps.
Those remarkable paintings In
the National Gallery' of Art are
exhilarating, even for those of us
who don't know much about art.
But fo' beauty that sets your
imagination awhirl, a roadmap is
hard to beat.
* * *
YOU TRACE your course, and
your mind comes alive. Every-
thing looks perfect, inviting, de-
You run your finger along the
1Thenroadlhas been refinished,
but naturally this was long
enough ago for the tar to be dry
and puffing up some endless hill.
As you breeze along, a constant,
cool, refreshing breeze comes in
the window. (Editor's note: .This
kid is really off his trolley: He's
heading for Florida, and how will
he get those constant, cool breezes
when he is going south In 'the
summer? What he needs is a long
the little car purrs contentedly.
The three youngsters n e v e r
bicker, and rest stops are kept ot
* * *
WHFW YOU plan to picnic, a
nice, shaded table shows up at the
precise moment you want It -
and your wife warns you in time,
not 300 feet after you have passed
The Dahy Official Bulletin is an
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INTERPRETING THE NEWS:
rali s. WHITE
By J. M. ROBERTS
Associated Press News Analyst
SOMETHING has happened between the
minimum protocol welcome accorded Vice-
President Nixon in Moscow and the warmth
which surrounded him in traditionally frigid
Somehow or other, one is inclined to con-
nect the applauding crowd which greeted him
at Novosibirsk with revived discussion in the
American party of the possibility of a summit
Crowds which applaud foreigners don't just
happen in Soviet Russia, any more than the
anti-Western demonstrations in Moscow last
Things began- warming up for Nixon after
his last and presumably non-shouting con-
ference with Khrushchev. Nixon said neither
side changed any of the other's convictions.
BUT DEPUTY Premier Kozlov, who recently
visited the United States, suddenly made
the gesture of accompanying Nixon to Lenin-
grad, Kozlov's home territory. THere was no
overwhelming public demonstration on arriva
but, far more than occurred in Moscow.
Then, at Novosibirsk; an estimated 20,00
people turned out and applauded.
In the meantime, the possibility that Nix
would join Averell Harriman in recommendin
a summit meeting and a trip to the Unit
States for Khrushchev was under discussion,
the Vice-President's entourage.
One suggestion was for a conference in Que
bec after which the Soviet Premier could mak
something less than a full state visit to th
United States. This " recalled that Winsto
Churchill and Franklin D. Roosevelt had give
Quebec some standing as an internation
meeting place during the war.
THE WHITE HOUSE did not throw down th
Quebec suggestion, merely making no com
ment except that the foreign ministersa
Geneva were empowered to set a time an
place for a summit conference if they cou.
reach certain minimum areas of agreement.
President Eisenhower has expressed doub
whether Khrushchev is still really intereste
in a summit conference. The Premier seeme
+~n ha A 11--rc-ie- f snh nna- th n. -
THOUGH it may sound like a
an stuck needle on a dull phono-
ng graph record, it is necessary to
ed report it again: The guts of Amer-
in ican foreign policy, the one true
sources of American and Allied
strength in this world, is in peril
e- of wasting away.
ke This is what is commonly called
he the foreign aid program; more
n exactly, it'is the Mutual Security
an Program by which alone the West
al has been kept in some kind of
collective economic and military
Most of the West, and in a way
he the United States most of all,
- seems determined to cling fran-
at tically to the pleasant fiction that
id talking will bring us safely
Id through with the Russians. Talk-
ing, that is, in missions to and
bt from Moscow, and in endless for-
d eign ministers' conferences.
THI SKIn ofrtking m rilA
lions to carry foreign aid forward
for another year. It is not a good
bill. This the foreign policy lead-
ers of both parties - and, in-
deed, the Eisenhower State De-
partment - well know. It is, at
best, a tolerable bill - and at
best tolerable only for the short
Inadequate as it is, it yet must
race another obstacle course: The
Committees in due time will bring
out an entirely separate measure
to provide whatever actual money
is to be provided.
THE STORY of action thus far
on this matter - and "this mat-
ter" is nothing less than the
muscle rather than the endlessly
talking voice of the West - is a
sad one. It is sad to all who be-
lieve that while balanced budgets
are fine, collective security is even
hetter - Is sa + on m,wn,
for the kind of long-term legis-
lation he himself first proposed
two years ago.
He did this at the insistence of
his budget advisers, to "hold the
line" against spending and infla-
tion. Now, ironically, the Presi-
dent's own special- Foreign Aid
Advisory Commission has again
recommended to him just the kind
of long-range financing he has
refused to support.
* * *
BUT THERE have been other
failures, too. The Foreign Aid Ad-
ministration has refused in the
past to face up to plain facts.
These are that the program has
been far from perfectly run, that
there is waste in it, and that it
will do nobody any good to go on
denying it and refusing to help
clean up the situation.
The ComptrollersGeneral of the
United States, Joseph Campbell,
is surely not anti-foreign aid, and