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July 19, 1958 - Image 2

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Michigan Daily, 1958-07-19

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"Baghdad On The Subway"

Sixty-Eighth Year
EDITED AND MANAGED BY STUDENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN
UNDER 'AUTIIORITY. OF BOARD IN CONTROL OF STUDENT PUBLICATIONS
STUDENT PUBLICA'T'IONS BLDG. * ANN ARBOR, MICH * Phone NO 2-3241

nions Are Free
Will Prevail"

orials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.

x "
1
r . -,~ir ! ..-t f wt 7

Y, JULY 19, 1958

NIGHT EDITOR: EDWARD GERULDSEN

I Think Foreign Students.
should Be Kept in The- Place'

Negotiated Settlemen
Necessary in Mideast
By WALTER LIPPMANN
THE MARINES have been landed at Beirut in the desperate h+
limiting the disaster which the Iraqi revolution has brought
the Western position. It woul8 be a miracle, which is not lik
happen, if the landing, which is now confined to Beirut and its a
is anywhere nearly sufficient to stabilize the situation. The 1
are quite able to protect the capital of the Lebanon just by
presence. But there is no assurance that they will bring the civ
to an end.
Moreover, Jordan, which is an artificial and fragile kingdon
by a revolution similar to that in Iraq, has appealed to Brita
military assistance and paratroop-
ers have been sent in.aign as many Middle .
Possibly, Saudi Arabia will be countries as can be persua
able to get along without calling join, in a military alliancea
for help, largely, to be sure, by a the Soviet Union.
policy of neutrality which is in- . * .
creasingly benevolent to Nasser. THIS IS an error'for twc
It seems most probable that the reasons. One is that it is
British will feel that they have to to suppose that a great pow
land troops in the little sheikdoms Russia can be expluded f
of the Persian Gulf, where they region which is as close to h
are their mpain old holdings in the as important to her as is C
Middle East. America to the United State
other re son is that the in

LL STARTED out very casually. A young
went apartment hunting one day this
er to find fall quarters for herself and
usband-to-be. As a University student,
iquired at the Office of Student Affairs.
'ing copied a list of "apartments for rent"
the bulletin board, she set out armed
automobile, map and hope.
went through several apartments in
ent parts of town, but didn't find quite'
she was looking for. So she continued.
Catherine Street, she stopped the car
address on her list. She went in, intro-
herself to the landlady- and followed
p the stairs.
THE WAY up she asked the landlady if
ere were any married couples in her
apartments. No, the 'landlady said, she
have any other married folk, but she
d she did.
von't have- any single girls in my apart-
, 'though," she continued garrulously . .
any foreign students, neither. I think{
n students should be kept in their place,"
aiq.
won't mix them with the Americans. I
Americans are much happier without
e young girl looked at the landlady rather
isly, but said nothing. She, herself, had
a ,member of the American Field Service
ier Abroad program, and had lived with
ropean family for over a month.
they entered the apartment,-the landlady
Led her attention to the features of the.
.room place. She went on and on, extoll-
s virtues, skipping over its defects.
n she broke ihto a description of its his-
how she had added new items, etc.,
There was a couple in here last fall,"
eported. "'They was a Jewish couple. I~

didn't know that when I let them have the
apartment. When I found out two months
later, well, they left." she said.
The young girl looked intently at the wo-
man for a moment; she paled and then a smile
began to play around the corners of her mouth.
"Thank you," she addressed the landlady,
"but I don't think my fiance and I would be
interested in your apartment. You see, we're
Jewvish."
AN UNUSUAL situation, perhaps, but evi-
dently not infrequent in Ann Arbor.
Student Government Council passed a reso-
lution just last spring after receiving from
its Human Relations committee a report of dis-
crimination in off-campus housing.,
This resolution was sent to the Office of the,
Dean of Men,'the Office of the Dean of Wo-.
men, the Faculty Housing Office, the Michigan
Union and The.Michigan Daily. It requested
that landlords who practice discrimination in
race and/or religion not be allowed to adver-
tise through University facilities.
The Council narrowly rejected a proposal,
by an 8 to 7 vote asking the Ann Arbor City
Council to consider legislation which would
prohibit discrimination in rented houses.
THE BEST thing the Council could have done
would have been to make the proposal to
the City Council. Now, until the issue comes
up again, as it is bound to, the question will
be left hanging in the air, for one person whoP
voted nay instead of aye certainly does not
resolve the question.g
It is hoped that if the City Council ever re-
ceives such a resolution from SGC, that it
will take more notice than it appears the
University has. Experience such as the one
depicted here should not happen, particularly
in a university community.
-JUDITH DONER

ain for
Eastern
ded to
against
o main
absurd
wer like,
rom a
her and
Central
es. The
iterit of

T

(HerblockI~ s '04,ocoion),

INTERPRETING THE 'NEWS:r
TheProb.lem of Moras

By J. M. ROBERTS
Associated Press News Analyst
HERE IS widespread uneasiness
in the United States and the
rest of the Allied world over the
morality of Anglo-American ac-
tions in the Middle East.
The decision to intervene in
Lebanon, came after long hesita-
tion, although the policy of not
letting the Chamoun government
be ousted by force probably had
been agreed upon some time ago.
The sending of British troops to
Jordan was a natural corollary.
"Some elements' in the action are
comparable to the World War II
bombings of French towns and
French industries to prevent their
use by the Germans. Or the atom-
bombing of Japan to prevent even
greater losses, especially American
losses, in ending ,the war there.
* , *
YOU CAN argue 4from the ab-
straction that the United States
and 3ritain have no business mix-
ing in the Middle East. But the

world has no business being in
the fix it's in, either.
From the Western standpoint,
its culture, its humanity, its altru-
ism even if only partly developed,
are important to the world and
must be protected from collapse
even at the eipense of permitting
lesser evils.
One ever-present factor is that
the West is engaged in a type of.
war with the Soviet Union, and
that defense in such a war fre-
quently leaves morals to be con-
sidered later.
* C * s
THAT MAY not be good, but the
questions of who is going to be
left to consider morals is tran-
scendent. The Soviets have re-
nounced such consideration in
favor of materialism.
Aside from the matter of morals,
there is an argument against the
intervention on the grounds of
practicality. As a stopgap, it may
work. As a step toward ultimate

settlements, it shows little prom-
ise.
The United States and Britain
could hardly defend their action
if it were directly solely against
Arab 'nationalism and the Arab
desire, clearly demonstrated, to
be free of outside domination.
The more they attempt to keep
the lid on that, the more the pres-
sure will rise within the pot.
BUT to defend the Arabs against
theirlown haste, to save them from
an exploitation worse than the
exploitation they have already ex-
perienced, until such time as they
can move ahead safely, is another
matter.
However much it may be true,
the West has not demonstrated to
the people most interested that
this is the major objective.
Its decisions are too closely asso-
ciated with Europe's need of oil.
There are a thousand and one
arguments. One of themis whether
a little immorality is better than.
a lot.

THUS, there is a 'grim prospect
that the British and the Americans
will find themselves holding on to
beachheads on the fringes of the
.Arab countries'of the Middle East.
In no Arab country, except the
Lebanon which is about half
Christian, does the West have any
strong friends. As the cards now
lie, t4abest that President Eisen-
hower can hoe for is that the big-
ger Arab nations can~be contained
by a holding, operation at the
shores of the Eastern Mediter-
ranean and of the Persian Gulf.
The decision to send in the
Marines was, as we all realize, a
tragic choice between two evils.
After the Iraqi revolution, it was
a virtual certainty that the Leb-
anon, Jordan, and the Persian
Gulf'states would fall too, if they
were riot supported from the out-
side. That was the evil the Presi-
dent decided to resist.
THE OTHER evil, which he had,
therefore to enbr'ace, was that we
are now in military opposition to
the Arab revolution, and that in
the Middle East the alignment is
increasingly sharp and spectacu-
lar between the Moslem Arabs and
the Western powers with their
client states.
The President's speech on Tues-
day evening took the ,unfortunate
line of identifying Nasser both
with Hitler and with Stalin, and
in declaring what amounts to be
an' ideological war against him.
* My owi 'Vew is that the agon-
izing dilemma in which the Presi-
dent found himself on Monday
morning is due to a fundamental
error, which many have pointed
out, in the conception and design
of ou; Middle Eastern policy. The
error is in believing that the way
to stabilize the Middle East is to

the Arabs iIs not to be aligned with.
us or with the Soviet Union, but
to be neutral and to profit by,
dealing with both sides,
The policies, based on this mis-
conception, have. blown up and
are in ruin. They were based.,on
theories which are contrary to the
facts of life, and'they were certain
to fail.
This is not mere' post mortem.,
For it is most probable, it seems to
me, that we shall not be able to
reach any solution as long as the
principle, or rather the ghost; of
the old policy continues to domi-
miate the thinking of the White
House and of the State Depart-
ment. That is to say, a policy of
the military containment of Nas-
ser, which is what we are now
Involvedin, has no promise of any
kind of settlement and is a great
threat of far reaching complica-
tions.
* *

Veapons No Answer to Nasserism

THE ALTERNATIVE is to pra
pose a settlement-in the M4ideas
based on the principle of neutral
ity. This is what Egypt -professe
and probably wants.
And for the little states, lik
Lebanon and Israel, the principl
of neutralization guaranteed b
all the great powers and by thi
United Nations offers the greates
promise,
The essential point is that w
should not merely begin on th
beaches and then accept as th
best that is possible an indefinitel
prolonged indirect and ideologics
war with the Arab revolution.
We should seek a settlement b
negotiation, recognizing that bot
the Soviet Union and the Unite
Arab Republic are powers an
have interests with which we mus
reach an accommodation.
i958 New York Herald Tribune Inc.

E UNITED STATES' actions in the Middle
last are more than steps to halt an indirect
ession, disguised only because those carry-
)ut the aims of the United Arab Republic
ot wear uniforms.
essence, what the United States is trying
em in the Middle East is the rising force of
erism. There are those, however, including
of the Arab students on campus, who con-
that the United States attempts to sup-.
not Nasser, but Arab nationalism:
at nationalism is one of the most powerful
ences in today's world scene can be denised
by those who are so blinded by the threat
immunism that they fail'to see factors of
national events that would exist no matter
ideology was held by Russia's leaders. Nor
me who believes in a people's right for self-
'mination or' self pride deny the validity of
nalism, "One Arab nation" has been de-
ed as the dream of "all Arabs."
t what' presents the problem for the West
b desires peace is not the dream itself, not
orce itself, but that Nasser has harnessed
orces of nationalism for his or Egypt's own
Although his power may be a product of
nalism, he is not merely riding its. crests.
channeling it.
ds is apparent in his attacks on other Arab
ins, his influence in the Lebanese situation,
ifluence against the late King of Iraq. And
particularly flagrant in his attempts, to
at King Hussain of Jordan through Radio
a attacks and continual agitation of the
tinian refugees camped within Jordan's
ers.
[S IS most apparent in his attacks on other
rab nations. Over 100 incidents of Leba-
Equality
SEEMS that fine organization known as
e Delta Gamma sorority is building a new
e, a $240,000 structure no less.'And prob-
just to be different, if that's legal among
affiliated group, the 'girls have decided to
private balconies for seniors on the house.
all, as the saying almost goes, "All sisters
equal, but some are more equal than

nese border violations and incidents of aggres-
sion have been discovered and were itemized in
a United States Intelligence, report presented
to Congressmen this week by Under Secretary
of State Christian Herter.
Nasser's hand was seen in the Iraq revolution.
And he has been particularly flagrant in his
substitution of Nasserism for Arab Brotherhood
in attempts to unseat Jordan's King Hussein.
through vicious Radio Cairo attacks and con-
tinual agitation of the Palestinian refugeesA
within Jordan's borders.
'Like the dream of Arab unity and national-
ism, the danger lies not so much in the force
of Nasserism itself, but who controls it. There
have been others who thought they control and,
use their relationships with the Communists
and discovered too late that they were on the
wrong end of the leash. The West sees in Nasser,
and the Mid-Eastern situation of the past few
years, the danger that the Egyptian President
and the Arab nationalism will eventually be
the means for another Soviet gain.
YET NASSER no more wants domination from
the East than he does' from the West. He
has shown himself, at times, to be quite cool
towards the Soviets. But the danger is that
Western nations, in exaggerating this fear, will
act such as to push him in an Easterly direction
which he might not otherwise have chosen. His
trip to Moscow yesterday may be a result.
The present United States show of strength
undoubtedly is necessary and part of a need toj
check, as we failed to do at Munich, Nasserism
itself, regardless of any communist' attachments
that may or may not be present. But military
force leaves unsolved the basic problem of
coping with the growing demands of an Arab
people who are just emerging into the modern
industrial world.
Dealing with an area where violence can be'
made to order for destruction of a refinery or
deposition of a king, even enlightened ones
such as Iraq's Faisal, is a frustrating experience
until order can be made to prevail. But it is
less so than the continual frustrations and
slippage of influences that will continue to
plague the West if it declines to make sincere
attempts towards understanding the Arabs,
their drive for nationalism, and their pressing
economic needs.
-MICHAEL KRAFT
Co-Editor

AT KELSEY MUSEUM: '
Exhibition on Egypt Exceptional

THE KELSEY Museum has just
completed installation of an.
exhibition dealing with evidences.
of early Christianity in Egypt.
The materials for the exhibit
come largely from the Univer-
sity's excavations at Karanis (a
site in the Fayum, 35 miles south
of the great pyramid and some 25
miles west of the Nile) carried out
between 1924 and 1935 under the
supervision of Enoch E. Peterson,
Kelsey Museum director. This in-
stallation is the lategt of a series
of exhibits dealing with the find-
ings at Karanis.
On first entering the exhibition
rooms the frugality of materials
shown (historical museums are
notorious for trying to show ev-
erything th~ey own 'at one time)
and the' extreme simplicity with
which they are presented is excit-
ing and refreshing.
Certain ideas have been chosen
as worthy of exposition, and with
this end clearly in mind, the dis-
plays have been set up with an
economy of effort and minimum
of distraction that is as admirable
as it is, unfortunately, rare.
THE ABSENCE of pretentious-
ness in the' display makes the
viewer strikingly aware of the ob-
jects themselves not only' as
things of a certaii historical in-
terest, aesthetic merit and techni-
cal skill, but also and perhaps
most exciting, as objects of hu-
mane and useful purpose. These
qualities are largely in the physi-
cal being of the objects (especially,
the glass and ceramics), but these

AT NORTHLAND:
Cat n o in Rool
.. atHighly , Unsuccessful'
TH E NORTHLAND Playhouse production of "Cat on a Hot Tin Roi
attains only a minimum of success mainly because of tepid acti
on the part of the male lead and overheated acting on the part of
supporting female character.
Diana Barrymore, in the part of Maggie, gives a superb perforr
ance. She is consistently good in her role and outshines the remaini
of the cast. In act one she tells us that she feels "like a cat on a h
tin roof" and there is no doubt that she does throughout the pl
,Ier transition from a violent and frustrated character to a gentle a
understanding one in the last scene is handled as only someone w

-Daily-Al Erbe
ON DISPLAY-Sensitively turned bowls and platters from the
early Christian erain Egypt are on display at the Kelsey Museum.

qualities are pointed up and made
explicit by the deft and under-
standing manner in which they
are 'treated.
The exhibits now on display at
the Museum will undoubtedly
puzzle many viewers whose no-
tions of Egypt are restricted to
mummies, obelisks, and perhaps,
tomb paintings: the courtly mani-
festations of the culture.
The objects shown here are the
unpretentious,, everyday impedi-
mentia of living and are con-
cerned with practical use, econ-
omical production, and homely
enjoyment.

-D.R.T.

THE CERAMICS are particular-
ly noteworthy. Their inclusion In
the present show is due to their
ornamentation by means 'of im-
pressions or brushed slip 'of vari-
ous elements of Christian icon-
ography: various forms of the
cross, frogs, rabbits, fish, doves.
The impressed decoration pieces
are primarily bowl-type vessels of
a rich red, fine-grained body.
These show a'high sensitivity for
proportion, craftsmanship, and
use (without being precious) that
is often found in' folk productions
of high cultures and have an ele-
gant simplfcity that makes them
particularly appealing.
The fact that most of these look
as brand new as similar pieces on
sale in shops or in use in our
homes today gives an added sense
of identification and intimacy.
C * *
THE SLIP decorated pieces -
of a coarser body and generally
urn-shaped - are perhaps less
immediately identified with, parto
ly it would seem, because of their
intended use (which is not con-
sistent with our modes of living
and housekeeping) and partly
from the style of decoration.
All the ceramic pieces, as well
as the glass, have the vitality and
feeling of serene inevitability
that comes when good craftsmen
work in concert with their ma-
Fterials' to fulfill the basic needs

Miss Barrymore's experience can.
The Pulitzer-prize winning play is
a psychological drama. It deals
with love lost, loVe found, and al-
coholism,. and is filled to the brim
with sex in myriad shapes and
forms. The story revolves around
Brick Pollitt and his wife, Maggie.
Brick has been an alcoholic since
the death of his friend and fel-
low football hero, Skipper.
MAGGIE hints at a homosexual
relationship between the two men.
When Skipper tries to disprove
her accusation by having an af-
fair with her, his plan boomer-
angs and -aggie seems to.be
right.
Brick blaznes Maggie for Skip-
per's destruction' and ultimate
death and his love for her abates
when his friend dies. Maggie puts
forth a violent effort to regain
Brick's love and by the end of the
play succeeds in doing so.
In an angry dialogue between
Brick and. his father, Big Daddy,
dealing with lying, several truths
are unveiled for the two men.
Brick learns that it was himself
rather than Maggie who was re-
sponsible for the destruction of
Skipper and Big Daddy learns
that he is dying of cancer.
Brick's older brother, Gooper
and wife, Mae, visit the Pollid es-
tate in an attempt to inherit it
when Big Daddy dies.. They play
on his sympathy but Big Daddy
has other intentions about his will.

He wants to leave his fortune to
Brick who is the' only member of
the family that has'been honest
with him..
"CAT On a Hot Tin Roof" has
a message - a very weak one.
In the jargon of'the, play, it is
about "mendacity:" Lying to oth-
ers is terrible, but lying to one-
self is even worse than that.
Reeday Talton, as Brick, per-
haps overacts his part. He is sup-
posed to remain aloof;and de-
tached from the cast due to the
effect of alcohol. However, his
lack of contact with the cast ex-
tends beyond the stage onto the
audience. Instead of portraying a
weak individual, Taylor appears
to be weak in his portrayal.
Clifton James, and Muriel Kirk.
land do exceptionally fine inter-
pretations of Big Daddy and Big
Mommy and their appearances af-
ford the show some of its better
moments.
Liz Elkin Weiss gives an exag-
gerated performance. Her talk is
too blatant and her actions to.
gross.
The scenery of the play is flim-
sy and the sound effects fall short
of even that. Skimpy scenry can
sometimes be justified if there are
many sets required but in this
play all of the action takes place
in the same room.
-Fred Steingold

J.S. Should Arrange Troop Pullout

UNITED STATES should begin nego-
bions tomorrow for the withdrawal of
can troops in Lebanon.
now appears that this country will be
L in an increasingly untenable situation
>anon, as possibly three-quarters of the
on parliament is in opposition to the
es landing in Lebanon. While we were
by Chamoun, it might be better to be-
>w to start'to arrange for the withdrawal
erican troops.
vill demonstrate to the Lebanese that
nited States is acting in their best in-
However, negotiations, conducted with
oun, could be slowed up if the situation

in protecting Lebanon, and preventing the
spread of the Iraq crisis to other parts of the
Middle East. Offering to begin consideration
of troop withdrawal will serve, however, to.
make our eventual withdrawal seem less a rep;
treat from a no longer tenable position and
more like retirement after the job is finished,
IT IS INTERESTING to note, in addition
that America yesterday finally received a
reason to vent her frustrations, when 100,000
Russians stoned the American embassy in Mos-
cow.
It is wondered if enough Americans around
our capitol are actively patriotic enough to give

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