By SUSAN ROLTZER
understanding, and about US, the
I , .,.,..._x__._ ____ : l
Madame Chiang Kai-shek es- Americanpeople,'
terday arrived at Willow Run Air- "I am sure." MNme. Chiang re-
port, received an award from an sponded, "you are not giving this
Ann Arbor women's club and pre- award to me, but to all the Chinese
pared a: television kinescope-ac- people who have fought shoulder
companied at every step by news- to shoulder with the United States
papermen, photographers and a during the last two wars, and who
bevy of companions. are still doing so."
Visiting the University to get The kinescoped television per-
an honorary degree, Mine, Chiang formance, too, went smoothly -
was the recipient of two additional Mine. Chiang, surrounded by tech-
favors yesterday. A bouquet of nicians, calmly answered a series
flowers awaited her at the airport, ; of prepared questions for a show
to be released next fall.
See related picture, page 4 The show, according to Mme.
Chiang's secretary, was made at
and an award from the -Business the request of the University.
and Professional Women of Ann
Arbor was presented at the Uni- T TOW' Campus
versity television studio preceding And then Mine. Chiang was
the kinescope. hurried away-in University cars
The latter "token°" =waspr esena- that had to be resuminoned when'
ed "as an expression of our ap- they unaccountably left after de-
preciation for the message you livering the party to the TV studio.
have carried back to your people Her latest visit to Ann Arbor-
about our deep concern for human she was here in 1943, her secretary
Auditorium entitled "Shall We
Exist on Sufferance?"
Mme. Chiang's tour of campus
will include visits to the Phoenix
Memorial Project on North Cam-
pus, and the Pediatrics Depart-
ment of University Hospital, in
which she expressed particular in-
terest, She was anxious, she said,
to see what is being done with
children in this country,
To Visit Chennault
From here, Mime. Chiang will
fly to New Orleans to visit Gen,
Clare Chennault, who is extremely
ill. General Chennault was com-
mrander of the famed Flying Ti-
gers, who supported the Chinese
Army from the air during the
early days of World War IL
Earlier in her visit to the Unit-
ed States, Mrne, Chiang had un-
dergonea 'medical examination in
a New York hospital, her secretary;
mentioned. The medical report, he
said, was "quite good."
-Daly--Bruce Ba iey
'ROGRAM IN THE WORKS-Mme. Chiang waits patiently 4s
niversity television technicians set up their equipment for the
inescope telecast. The show will be ready for release sometime
ext semester. *
MME. CHIANG KAI-SHEK
.., preparing kinescope
said-will continue today with a
grand tour of the University cam-
pus, receipt of her degree and a
speech at 8 p.m. in Rackham
FLO WERY GREETING-Mine. Chiang Kai-shek (left) receives
a bouquet of flowers from University student Lydia Woo of
Formosa. Two other international students, also Chinese, were on
hand to greet their first lady.
Sixty-Seven Years of Editorial Freedom
hSee Pate 2
VOL. LXVIII, No. I1S
ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, THURSDAT, JULY 10, 1958
,tt .OTI'AWA MA -- The United
Sttsand Canada agreed yester-
day, in top-level conversations,
on greater cooperation in the
eldsa ftrade with Communist
China and safeguards against
This tWo-fpld development grew
out of a series of conversations
between President Dwight D.
Eisenhower and Prime Minister
John G. Diefenbaker and confer-
ences among Cabinet subordin-
A "United States embargo on
grade with. Red China has been
a sore point in United States-
Canadian relations and the two
governments now have agreed to
consult one another on all cases
in which their laws on such trade
are out oa harmony.
While spokesmen for the two
countries left details fuzzy, it ap-
peared the agreement will move,
in the direction of perhaps per-
nitting Canadian subsidiaries of'
United States firms to sell non-
strategic items to the Chinese
On disarmament and particu-
larly on safeguards against sur-
prise attack, the President and
the Prime Minister agreed to put
experts of both the nations to
work together in cooperation with
those of other free world coun-
tries concerned, to study the prob-
Primarily, the aim is to lay the
groundwork for a conference with
the Russians on the subject, along
lies proposed in correspondence.
between President Eisenhower
aid Soviet Premier N i k i t a
By The Associated Press
MOSCOW - The'Soviet Union
complained last night that the
United States refuses to say
whether the current Geneva con-
ference of nuclear experts should
deal with suspension of nuclear
A Soviet; note accused the
evading "a definite reply whether
it agreed that the meeting of ex-
perts should be devoted to solving
the question of universal and in-
stant suspension of nuclear wea-
WASHINGTON - Dr. Milton
Eisehhower, the President's broth-
er, was accused in the Senate yes-
terday of "mooching on the gov-
ernment for ,his personal vaca-
The White House denied it.
At issue was the use of three
i itary aitzraft to return Dr.
Eisenhower and his 19-year-old
daughter Ruth Tuesday from a
Wisconsin fishing trip. The Pen-
tagon estimated the cost at about
* * *
NAPLES, Italy - Poet Ezra
Pound returned to Italy yester-
Aosr d ifh-iAnq hA 'ts w hnho
Gold War Poicy
By EDWA.PRD GERULDSEN
Stuart L. Hannon, deputy program director for Radio Free Europe,
yesterday defined the present status of the cold war between Fast
and West as a "state of siege," a relentless propaganda struggle with
the major purpose-from the Soviet point of view-of overthrowing
parliamentarian government from without and within.
"We are dealing," Hanrion said, "with an extraordinary dictatorial'
apparatus-predatory and unaccountable-involved in a great con-
spiracy."."To meet the threat, Hannon warned, we must wake up, alert
The ologian Says Faith Must C
WASHINGTON (M) - Bernard
Goldfine and his financial secre-
tary told House investigators yes-
terday they have no idea what
happened to $89,035 in guaran-
teed bank checks bought by Gold-
fine compandes in the early 1940s
but never cashed.
They refused to answer detailed
questions about another $232,000
worth of checks bought over the
last few years but all redeposited
at one time last June 25, after
the special House subcommittee's
investigation' had turned to Gold-
Subcommittee members called
all this "mysterious 'beyond
The millionaire Boton indus-
trialist, gift-gIving friend of pres-
idential assistant Sherman Adams,
flushed with fury and cried
"blackmail" to questions about an
indictment - dropped without
prosecution - 49 years ago.
Rep. Peter F, Mack Jr. (D-1l.)
said papers in the committee files
show that such an indictment, on
a charge of concealing assets in a
bankruptcy case, was 'brought
against Goldfine in 1909 and
abandoned the following year,
presumably for lack of evidence.
Goldfine was 18 at the time,
Goldfine has not yet filed his
1956 federal income tax return,
Internal Revenue District Director
Frank J. Kavanagh said yester-
- ourselves to Soviet diplomaticl
duplicities, and avoid letting our
own words be used against us.
We must mobilize all peacefulA
means to carry on the struggle
effectively, mobilize public opinion,
and develop a unified, vigorous GUANTANAMO, Cuba (,') -
counter-propaganda campaign. Cuban rebels freed two more
Speak ng in the second lecture American civilians yesterday but
of a series presented under the still held all 30 kidnaped United
auspices of the Summer Session States sailors and marines and a
and the Committee on the Pro- lone Canadian.
gram on Russian Studies, Hannon Five servicemen had been ex-
presented a general view of the pected to turn up here.
present status of the propaganda The United States Navy has be-
w ar, pointed out the most im- come clearly impatient and indi-
portant strengths and failings cated it might get tough with the
American foreign policy, and rec- rebels.
ommended a general course of ac- Adm. Jerauld Wright, com-
tion for an -effective counter-prop- mander of the Atlantic Fleet and
aganda campaign. Unrited States Atlantic Command,
"The two greatest weapons we announced at Norfolk, Va., he is
now have" he said, "are wealth flying here today to confer with
and freedom." Our wealth bears United States diplomats and Navy
heavily on foreign policy and prop- officials on negotiations for re-
aganda, but is not used adequately. lease of the men.
And, Hannon said, the freedom Admiral Wright plans to fl*
associated with the United States back to Norfolk in the afternoon
has great influence, but an influ- and, if necessary, to confer with
ence based more on the past than Washington top officials tomor-
the present. row.
Recommends Policy Rear Adm. R. B. Ellis-, com-
To make the best use of our mander of the Guantanamo naval
strength, Hannon recommended a base, told reporters wearily last
dynamic foreign policy, one which night: "Park Wollam - United
takes advantage- of Soviet diplo- States consul negotiating with the
matic 'blunders, which siezes the rebels - advised me he fully ex-
initiative in the war against the pected five sailors to be released
institution of war, which exploits today.
Soviet initiative, rather than mere- "The delay is due purely to
ly reacting to it, which refuses to transportation troubles."
compromise principles for policy, The civilians released during,
and which demands reciprocal the day and brought here by
recognition of law and order in all United States Navy helicopter
the moves in the search for peace., were kidnaped June 26 from the
The struggle for peace, Hannon j Moa Bay Mining Co. camp where
concluded, may require a new they worked as engineers.,
breed of men and new sinews of Nineteen civilians thus have
democracy to deal with the crises been returned in the past week
and tests of the years to come, from captivity.
By LANE VANDERSLICE
Religious faith must be -placed
in the context of the twentieth
century, Prof. Richard Niebuhr Names Difficulty
said yesterday. One difficulty: "We haven't
The noted theologian said the caught up" with the 20th century
task facing religion is to "de- ourselves, he noted, in terms of
mythologize" itself, c h a n g i n g understanding our history, our
those elements which depend on future, the depths "and possibly,
primitive c o n c e p t i o n s of the the heights" in ourselves.
world. Speaking before an overflow
"How can religion be justified, crowd, Prof. Niebuhr said religion
when nothing can be justified in in America was distinguished by
the same sense as the ancients its personal quality, its populari-
thought it could be?" Prof. Nieb- -ation and, in recent ygais, its in-
uhr asked. tegration.
Personalization means imme-
ip l C r diacy in the life of the individual,
Prof. Niebuhr said. "Sometimes
personalization is like mono-
II ~ grainmed stationary," he com-
pee s s A tio mented, being personalized, but
. t g a i n only formally so.
ntReligion Has Adjusted
"Religion has adjusted itself 40
almost "every nook and cranny"
ST. LOUIS (k - The United of American civilzation, he de-
States.Court of Appeals acted yes- clared. Prof. Niebuhr said this
terday to assure an early ruling phenomenon of adjustment was
on whether the Little Rock, Ark., unique to American civilization.,
school board must proceed in Sep- Some of the less sophisticated
tember with racial integration at forms of religion have been ac-
Central High School. companied by a slight feeling of
Three judges were named by distaste on the part of some col-
Chief Judge Archibald K. Gard- lege graduates, he said. Some
ner to hear an appeal from an forms are vulgar, he noted, "but
order by District Judge Harry J. so are a lot of the Amnerican
Lemley at Little Rock blocking in- people."
tegraton there for 30 months. There has been integation in.
The judges. without committing recent years, as America became.
themselves to a date, indicated one land, according to Prof..
they expect to rule on the case Niebuhr. "But it is also a story of
before the fall school term begins. integration in the way of think-,
They invited both sides - the ing in America," he insisted.
Little Rock School Board and the American Modes
National Association for the Ad- Distinctively American modes of
vancement of Colored People - thought are "a form of activism,"
to petition for an early hearing. individualism, and a "concern
Religion must be "re-mytholo-
gized" in 20th century terms, he
inge Seeking Its
CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla., ) -
The Air Force shot a mouse in1
space last night and hoped 1
bring it back alive after the fir;
intercontinental flight of a Unite
States ballistic weapon.
Fifteen minutes after a might
Thor-Able rocket blasted out c
a great pool of exhaust fire in1
a. starry night sky, the Air Fori
said the two-stage vehicle ai
peared to perform satisfactoril
The mouse was in a secre
highly advanced nose cone of th
rocket, which was aimed for
target area 6,000 miles down tI
south Atlantic test range.
Bruce Bailey If the tiny rider survived th
-IEBUHR flight through the thin outi
eligion reaches of space and the red-hi
plunge back into the earth's dens
order of atmosphere, man will have take
r said. anothex big step toward his owe
Puritan an- first venture toward the stars ar
cterized now planets.
'wanting as An attempt was to be made 1
lie said, recoved the nose cone and its litt
gion is in Thor-Able is comrposed of
a utilitarian standard Thor fni-le topped 1
etting some- a radically modified stcond stag
a, faith that of the Vanguard satellite rocket
he said, So fars United States rocket eN
pointed out peris have been unable to breE
has been through the intercontirental ba:
that eases rir w th a ballistic ;eapon.
to keep the Snark Slow
POSSIBLE 'SHOPPERS' PAR ADISE':
State Street Mall Plan Now Under Discussion
PROF. RICHARD N
« . . American n
with the temporal
things," Prof, Niebuh
In contrast to our3
cestors, "we are chara
by having a mania of
much as we can get,":'1
danger of becominga
faith - a faith for ge
thing now and not a
can stick to a cause,
As examnples, heI
that religion today
boosted as something
fears and thus good
health or a device t
Harvard vs. I
A Harvard professor
a book on how to get
lieving in God, theN
However, there is a
maint a in "non-uti
Prof. Niebuhr observed
trying the middle wa:
The main ingredient,
ligious faith have been
in America by the bi
tion, he said. Evenf
declared, often have h
sons for denial of org
According to Prof.
biblical tradition appea
forms because it was
numerous societies of-1
The two most pow(
of religion in the m
Christianity, Prof. N
The two senses shou
separate, he said.
By JUDITH DONER
State Street may be turned into a "Shopper's Paradise."
If present plans, which are only in the idea stage, according
to John Paup, chairman of the traffic committee of the Ann Arbor
Chamber of Commerce, are ever made more than hypothetical, a mall
such as the one depicted in the accompanying picture may result.
First proposed by the traffic committee, the project has been
Gemporarily turned over to the City Planning Commission to work
out construction details,
On State Street
As the "idea" stands at present, the mall would run the length
and breadth of State Street between E. William and E. Washington
Its path. however, would be interrupted at the corner of State
and North University Ave. where it would jut sideways and continue
along North University to Thayer St.
This would involve, consequently, the closing off of North Univer-
sity between State and Thaver.
r even wrote
rich by be-
d, with most
is In any re-
ars in varied
uld be kept
The Snark, a jet-propelled
craft, has traveled 6,000 miles but
not through space. It moves only
600 miles an hour - a snail's pace
in comparison with the speed of
the ballistic missiles.
A nose cone launched into space
last May 18 by' the Army's Jupi-
ter rocket survived a 9,000 m.p.h,
plunge back to earth and was re-
covered intact from the ocean.
The flight, however, 'was over an
intermediate range of only about
So accurate was the Jupiter
shot that ships near the predeter-
mined target area saw the nose
cone hit the sea.
Visible Three Minutes
The Thor-Able jumped out o1
a spectacular pool of fire at 9:49
p.m. and was visible about three
minutes as it raced across the
The first stage appeared to burna
out about 2 minutes and 40 4ec-
onds after the blastoff and the
second stage seemed to ignite ae
A team of aero-medical special-
ists was standing by awaiting
news of how the mouse - nick-
named "Mia II" for "Mouse in