Re lrchigan Dally
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"When Opinions Are Free
Truth Will Prevail"
Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.
FRIDAY, AUGUST 1, 1958 NIGHT EDrIbR: EDWARD GERULDSEN
CED Opinions MaV Aid
Debate on Defense Spending
9 E COMMITTEE for Economic Develop- As a substitute for knowledge of planning,
ment reminded us Tuesday that the United congressmen know expenditures, often to the
States is after all a strong nation, and not in penny, and often to the detriment of the armed
danger of faltering because of what some ob- services. Wherever the blame lies for the lack
servers consider to be an overly large amount of information that congressmen have, and it
of government spending. The committee said most likely would be a complex apportionment,
that the United States could afford to pay if the CED has a plan to make congressional
billions more for defense, if necessary. participation more effective, it should be seri-
It is reassuring to know that the brink for ously considered.
which the United States must keep its collec-
tive eyes open is the brink of war and not the IT IS DOUBTFUL that creating a post of
brink of bankruptcy. The report was slightly civilian director of defense research and en-
misleading in that what the committee un- gineering, as the committee recommends, would
doubtedly meant-although the rather sketchy do all that the committee says it would, n-
news report did not say so - was that the cluding obtaining greater diversity in military
United States economy could stand it. The tax rearchbquikereeiiostndmaetar-
system would probably falter if many billions research, quicker decisions, and broader par-
more in military spending were added to pres- ticipation and rivalry among defense .contrac-
ent expenditures. tors. But the idea is worth discussing, if only
It is hard to praise or condemn the rest of to point up troubles in our defense system
the report whole-heartedly, for the report has which might otherwise go unnoticed.
both some astute recommendations and some However, the committee sneaked into the re-
recommendations that seem to be framed with port the old business idea that businessmen are
the tunnel vision many businessmen have when more efficient than the military. We would
viewing the government or the military, agree that military business like the Navy's
rope factory might better be eliminated, but
THE BEST of the suggestions made by the the CED will have to do much more persuad-
committee proposed that congressional par- ing, using specific examples before it convinces
ticipation in defense program planning be us that the military are not better off doing
made more effective. The years since the end many jobs by themselves.
of World War II and perhaps even before, have The committee report had another value
seen congressional participation grow less and T ne othepotad aothervpe
less effectual. over and beyond the total value of the specific
Well-meaning congressmen have increasing"suggestions it made. It provided a different
Wellmeaingconresmen aveinceasng- view on an important aspect of our defense
ly lost touch with the complexities of defense se-panisornthesuetionshaeess
planning. This was illustrated several months set-up. And so even if the suggestions have less
ago when the head of the House Armed Serv- value than we think they have, the debate
ices Committee said, "What do we need a de- caused by a differing point of view should do
tense department reorganization plan for, we much to aid our defense spending structure'
won the last war, didn't we? -LANE VANDERSLICE
TODAY AND TOMORROW:
For a Neutral Middle East
By WALTER LIPPMANN
T AIAE EA ST S ,9
0'95 T?4 '.M~A5rc, Rar1 9.
LETTERS TO THE EDITOR:
Another Vote for Drew's Column
AT THE STATE:
'Around the World'
Amusing and Bright
SINCE ITS first showing over a year ago "Around the World in Eighty
Days" has won 52 Best Picture awards and has grossed between
75-100 million dollars from box office receipts.
This much-heralded movie, stripped of its Todd-A-O bigness and
stereophonic loudness, has found its way to the State theater to de-
light the few who have not seen or could not see it before. The picture
is worth the long wait. It is amusing, bright, and fascinating.
Edward R. Murrow introduces
the man, Jules Verne, who wrote
based. Next seen is London in the
late 1860's. Life is bustling there.
B; bands march down the streets;
noisy carts and carriages rumble
along, people scatter about in gay
In the Todd-A-O version, this
is a completely engulfing scene.
The bands, carts and people set
the stage for the fantasy which is
to follow. Without the huge screen
and t h u n d e r i n g stereophonic
sound much of the effectiveness is
But there is enough confusion
to nicely contrast the next scene
at the Reformed Club. It is here
that a cat's silken walk is consid-
ered to be the rumbling of an ele-
phant's stampede. And it is here
in these austere surroundings that
the excuse for the next three
hours of globe skimming is made.
.* * *
MR. FOGG, played by David
Niven, makes a wager with some
of the other members that he can
circle the globe in 80 days, a seem-
ingly impossible task in those
days. After this Mr. Fogg, along
with his man servant and a carpet
bag filled with money, travel
through Europe, Asia and Amer-
ica in grand and colorful style.
The actors who are billed as the
stars of the picture - that is, the
the picture by telling a little about
the book upon which the movie is
ones who are seen in two or more
scenes - are David Niven as Mr.
Fogg; Cantinflas, the Mexico-
South American comedian, as the
man servant: Shirley MacLaine,
an unconvincing Indian princess;
and Robert Newton, a detective
who gets his trip around the
world free because he is follow-
ing Mr. Fogg who supposedly
robbed the Bank of London before
he started his trip.
THE MOST outstanding of the
quartet is Cantinflas. With his
gift for making amusing faces, he
at' times convinces you that per-
haps the movie is more than a
But even this expert conviction
doesn't last long. The scenery of
the world is the main attraction
... and this scenery is indeed in-
teresting. The screen is always
covered with pleasing places, ex-
cept for some unimpressive views
But where Asia failed, Mike
Tood and Company filled in by
imposing big red letters spelling
intermission on the screen so that
the audience will have a welcomed
chance to view some of the won-
ders provided by the local theater.
UST WHAT went wrong as between London,
Paris and Washington is not quite clear.
But something did go wrong, in that we find
ourselves committed to a spectacular summit
meeting in New York, which we did riot want,
and unable to support Gen. de Gaulle's proposal
for a quiet meeting in Europe later on, which
is what we ought to want,
As a New York meeting now appears to be
unavoidable, the question is how to manage the
enc6*inter between President Eisenhower and
Khrushchev with the least damage.
A way must be found to avoid a public debate.
For the President has neither the training and
knowledge nor the vitality for such an ordeal.
Beyond that, it is highly, desirable, indeed
necessary, to mend our fences in the Middle
East so that when the meeting takes place we
shall not be the defendants in a public trial.
This can be done if two things, now in the
works, can be achieved before the summit meet-
ing. One would be an agreement in Lebanon
which leads us to withdraw tht Marines or at
least to fix a definite date for their withdrawal.
The other would be to extend diplomatic
recognition to the new Iraqi government, as
Dr. Adenauer and others are advising us to do.
These two actions together would refute com-
pletely the charge that we are engaged in a
military adventure in the Middle East, and we
would no longer be on the defensive.
THERE ISno use pretending, however, that
there will be any glory or profit in this. It
will be recognized by all the world as a forced
retreat from an untenable position in Lebanon
and in Iraq. -
The question then will be whether themethree
Western governments can produce proposals
which open up the prospects of better days in
the Middle East. It has been proved first at
Suez and now again in Lebanon and Jordan
that the Western governments have not the
power, even if they had the resolution, to re-
store the supremacy which Britain possessed
before the second World War.
What has still to be proved is whether the
Western governments have the imagination and
the brains to play a leading part in the liquida-
tion of the old privileges and in the construction
of a new order.
When we say that the New York summit
meeting is to be held without adequate prepara-
tion, we generally mean that there has been no
adequate diplomatic negotiation with the Rus-
sians. This is true.
But there is a much more critical sense in
which the meeting is unprepared. It is that we
ourselves are unprepared! We do not have as
yet more than the dim intimations of what
might be the shape of a new Middle Eastern
order. If we had it, we could face Khrushchev
with buoyant confidence.
IN MY VIEW, the paramount issue in the
Middle East is not oil, which the Arabs must
sell to the West. It is not Israel, which is'on the
sidelines in the present crisis. It is not the
revolutionary force of Nasserism. The para-
mount issue is Russia's determination not to
have United States military power stationed onj
her southern flank.
We can never, I think, understand the in-
wardness of the Middle Eastern crisis unless we
recognize that what we consider the -military
containment of the Soviet Union, Moscow is
bound to regard as a military menace to the
Soviet Union. Our forces are in Turkey, of
which the equivalent would be that the Red
forces were in Mexico. We have the NATO
alliance and the Baghdad Pact, of which the
equivalent would be an anti-American Soviet
military alliance consisting of Mexico, Cuba,
and Central America.,
What we are seeing is a campaign by the
Soviet Union to disrupt the containing alliance
on her frontiers, and with the explosion in
Iraq, this campaign has had a great success.
It has not only knocked out the only Arab
state in the alliance, but it has isolated Turkey.
The Russian support of Nasserism has been
the main strategical device in this campaign.
The immediate objective of the campaign is to
deny to the West, and particularly to the United
States, the strategic control of the Middle East.
IT IS IMPORTANT to understand your ad-
versary, and if this analysis is the primary
truth about Soviet policy, there are important
conclusions to be drawn from it.
The first is that a settlement cannot be
achieved with Nasser alone. An accommodation
with him is most desirable. But appeasement
of Nasser is quite unnecessary. The basic settle-
ment must be reached with Moscow, and the
subject of that settlement must be the strategic
control of the Middle East.
There are three conceivable possibilities. One
would be to restore the raiddle East as a sphere
of influence for Britain, France, and the U.S.A.,
with Russia excluded. This cannot be done. It
is too late. We are not strong enough to do it.
A second would be to let the Middle East
become a Russian sphere of influence. This
would be an unnecessarily abject surrender. We
are not so weak that we must accept it.
The third possibility would be to neutralize
the Middle East as between the two great
military alliances, and to build upon this over-
all neutralization, specific agreements about the
oil business, about the security of Iran, Lebanon,
This will not be easy, and it requires a higher
order of statesmanship than we are now ac-
customed to. But it is not impossible. For it does
not run contrary to the vital interests of any of
the nations concerned.
1959 Nw York Horad Tihi.. Tr-
To the Editor:
DON'T REPLACE Drew Pearson,
he serves a special function.
We may not be drawn favorably
to his methods of gathering news,
but it may be that information on
behind - the - scenes machinations
are effectivelygathered through
behind - the - scenes machinations.
It's not the technique of gather-
ing news that should influence
your decision, but your judgement
of whether he reports selectively
the news he has gathered.
-Murray Melbin, Grad.
A change of View.. .
To the Editor:
WHEN the U.S. forces landed in
Lebanon, Lane Vanderslice
signed an editorial in your col-
umns deploring the military action
in withholding information, fail-
ing to make use of civilian experts,
lacking any strategic policy and
various sins of omission and com-
At the time, I roughed out a
letter of rebuttal . . . but never
Now I'm rather glad I didn't,
or I should be accused of the same
impetuosity that prompted that
initial editorial. For in the July 25
paper, I am happily surprised to
discover that Van has taken a
second and - if I may say so -
more considered view of the land-
The comment that Lebanon has
"taken the U.S. out of the Patsy
class as a nation" is as neat a
summary as anyone could find.
So herewith my compliments
and respect to Van for being big
enough to temper and change
some of the views that he appar-
ently scribbled off in a moment of
Middle East Retort .. .
To the Editor:
I SEEK the courtesy of your col-
umns to reply to the somewhat
extraordinary letter of Mr. Faiz
Hanna. Mr. Hanna impliedly ad-
mits that the United States and
Great Britain are supporting feu-
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FRIDAY, AUGUST 1, 1958
VOL. LXVIII, NO. 27S
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dal regimes in the Middle East and
then asserts that Russia and Egypt
are doing likewise.
A curious assertion since from
all available evidence Russia and
the U.A.R. are giving their support
to those who wish to overthrow
these regimes. I agree that Russia
is pursuing this course for no
other reason than to embarrass
the West; I tried to emphasize
that one of the tragedies of the
present situation is to see that it
is Russia, of all countries, which
is (temporarily) supporting the
rights of the people of the Middle
East to govern themselves.
* * *
AND THEN upon what evidence
does Mr. Hanna blandly assert
that the coup in Iraq was "Nazi-
Inspired"? The evidence given at
the debate by Mr. Rassool who is,
after all, an Iraqi. and who spoke
publicly and subject to public cross
examination, was not questioned
by Mr. Hanna on that occasion.
And yet, now, furtively, through
the columns of this paper, he con-
fidently implies, in essence, that
Mr. Rassool is either a fool or a
liar. Mr. Hanna must base his
judgment upon some evidence be-
fore we can accept his version in
preference to that of Mr. Rassool.
Finally, I must quote Mr. Hanna.
"It is not to be denied that the
coup was as widely popular as the
German seizure of Poland." Is Mr.
Hanna trying, in a lamentable
way, to be funny? I can see no
point whatsoever in drawing this
I was not in this debate apolo-
gizing for present Arab leadership.
The Arabs can do this well enough
for themselves. I, myself, share
Mr. Singham's fears with regard
to it. I was merely trying to show
that it is foolish, indeed it is no
longer possible for Britain,dlike a
distraught canute to order the
tide to ebb by dispatching para-
-Beverly J. Pooley, Grad.
1fO DAY there is firm belief that
space travel is possible; in fact
inevitable. The appeal of fantasy,
of the unknown, is gone. Then
what is left to science fiction?
Might it take the path of Aldous
Huxley in "Brave New World" and
George Orwell in his frightening
"1984" to dwell on the economic,
social and political aspects of fu-
The threat to science fantasy is
that scientific progress will answer
all questions posed by imaginative
writers. The Russian fantasi, it
seems, have fallen into the trap of
a close adherence to scientific
prophecy, something which science
fiction has never meant to do.
For the present the domain of
the speculative writer can be ex-
panded, for the search for some-
thing new is neverending and,
when found, always rewarding.
Meanwhile the Russian fantasi
have their orders-"to get their
imaginations off the ground."
--New York Times
rather than the script. Once the
characters start picking up their
cues on time the show moves along
at f delightful clip.
Star Ann Sheridan portrays Jane
Kimball-an actress in search of
a husband. Miss Sheridan is a daz-
zling red-head who struts about
the stage in a parade of high-
fashioned costumes drawing oohs
and ahs from the females in the
audience and occasional whistles
from the males.
* * *
MISS SHERIDAN delivers her
lines in a throaty drawl reminis-
cent of the "dahling" school of
acting. The role demands little in
the way of dramatic art and con-
sequently Miss Sheridan's inter-
pretation is suitable-perhaps even
Scott McKay plays opposite Miss
Sheridan. As Philip Clair, rising
young statesman; he keeps Jane
and the audience guessing as to
his marital status..
His object in this is to have Jane
without the bother of marrying
her. The affair almost goes amiss
but by the end of the show Jane
and Philip, are happily reunited.
McKay keeps his hands in his
'Kind Sir' Pleasant
.But Not Outstanding
"FIND SIR" at Northland Playhouse involves a woman who sets out
to snag a man and does so. Any writer who undertakes to base a
play on such a my-little-Margie-type plot must necessarily face an
uphill battle against triteness.
Author Norman Krasna injects some novel switches and surprises
into the tired old formula and wins the battle if not the war. The funny
moments come late in the show although this may be due to the cast
coat pockets whenever he Is not
holding a cigarette, a drink or Miss
Sheridan. This mannerism should
be overcome if McKay is to look at
ease on the stage.
* * *
'THE MATCHMAKER in the
comedy is Jane's married sister
Margaret, played by Hildegarde
Halliday. Margaret fixes up the
pair and later is sorry for it as
Philip looks like a cad. The truth
about Philip is revealed to Mar-
garet because her husband Alfred.
has hired Philip to work for the
State Department and Margaret
sees an FBI report on him.
The husband is played by Jack
Davis who is easily the smoothest
performer in the play. The State
Department provides a ripe tar-
get for theatrical potshots and
Davis is well-armed by the script.
For Ann Sheridan fans, the
Northland production of "Kind
Sir" will undoubtedly be remem-
bered as a resounding success.
For others, it will be remembered,
if at all, as a pleasant evening with
more than' a few laughs.
Piano Concerto Highlights Weekend
DUE TO the customary exigen-
cies of work your roving re-
viewer was only able to attend the
Saturday and Sunday concerts at
Tanglewood on the weekend of
The full series included, as
usual, a third concert on Friday
evening. There will be three con-
certs again this weekend and
again the following, with Beetho-
ven's Ninth Symphony concluding
the season on Sunday, August 10.
Saturday evening the Boston
Symphony under Charles Munch
with an unidentified chorus per-
formed the Brahms Requiem. It
was somewhat disappointing.
The chorus was louder than the
orchestra, perhaps because there
was not sufficient room for a full
complement of instrumentalists in
addition to the singers. This
meant that the orchestral cre-
scendos, so vital, for example, in
the section preceding "All flesh
is as the grass . .. were insuffi-
FURTHER, Dr. Munch elicited
a rather soft tone from the en-
semble. This might seem appro-
priate for Brahms, and indeed for
some of the quieter sections it was.
The lovely soprano solo "Lo I
will comfort you .. ." was superb.
Hilda Green has a very pure tone
which blended with the lush or-
ON THE GRASS-Outdoor audience begins preparations for concert, soon to come from Music Shed
at far right, with picnic baskets and portable radios.
MICHAEL KRAFT DAVID TARR
fine old Academic Festival Over-
ture of Brahms, given a stunning
performance, full of fire and vigor.
* * *
THE FEATURED work on the
program, and perhaps the high
spot of the weekend, was the D
minor piano concerto of Brahms,.
played by Leon Fleisher.
This vunz man ho motneim
maining parts, but chose instead a
balanced tone much more suitable
to the inusic.
* * *
HIS PLAYING of the difficult
octave passage in the first move-
ment was noteworthy -for its ex-
cellent 'pedaling, which did much
toward establishing the swelling
wave-like rhvthmic nttern which
THERE WERE a few interpre-
tively ragged moments, however:
moments of just a shade too much
rubato, a pause just perceptibly
too long between musical ideas-
these little details will bear
watching during the future devel-
opment of Fleisher.
Tf he rcn rd to his musical
L........ ..................Night Eto
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.ZER ...,....... Night Editor
ERSLICE................. Night Editor
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