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TT HAS TO BE FELT:
Khrushchev Won't Se
'en Opinions Are Free
Truth Will Prevail"
The Real America
Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.
Y, JULY 29, 1958
NIGHT EDITOR: ROBERT JUNKER
De Gaulle's Action on Summit
By The Associated Press
''EREaS noting like New York City anywhere else in the world.
It's a pity Nikita Khrushchev won't get to see it.
New York can't be seen in a brief visit, even by one who is not
encircled by security agents and involved in laborious negotiations.
More regrettable is that Khrushchev will not be able to see the
United States, of which New York is a manifestation.
New York has everything that the United States has. It is a great
industrial center, yet its industry can hardly be found in the shadows
A Healthy Sign for France
RENCH PREMIER Charles de Gaulle's re-
cent moves regarding the proposed summit
iference may be, at present, a severe pain
the neck to western diplomats anxious to
sent a united front to the Soviet Union.
is independent action is, however, a dis-
ctly healthy sign, coming from a country
it has abdicated its position all too fre-
mtly in the past.
:n asking for summit talks outside the
mework of the United Nations Security
uncil, General de Gaulle is definitely oppos-
the Anglo-American stand, even if his
tly-worded statements have not been con-
.lthough he has not actually rejected a
ited Nations backdrop to the talks, he has
de it quite plain that France has a mind
its own, and has every intention of using it.
HERE HAVE also been indications that
France-in the person of General de Gaulle
is making a strong bid for the cooperation
other states in Europe in his attempt to give
>se countries more of a voice in western
ategy. Before asking that the summit talks
held in Geneva, General de Gaulle first
unded out Italian and West German leaders,
get solid support for his proposal.
General de Gaulle himself sounded this note,
an explanation of his strategy: ". . . the
ench Government is going ... to seek agree-
nt on ... the MiddleEast with other states
notably European-whose way of thinking
ild not fail to be taken into account ...
n this way, General de Gaulle served notice
the United States and Great Britain that
anee in particular and pro-Western nations
general do not intend to let the two giants
the Atlantic alliance do their thinking for
1 ITS WAY, this appears to be France's
nethod of self-assertion. It is, however, a de-
tion from the methods she has used in the
st, and it is based on a far more realistic
aluation of the nation's strength.
No longer, apparently, is France following
the dead-end road toward equality with the
two major Western powers. Rather, General
de Gaulle's movement toward concerted ac-
tion with Germany and Italy seems to indicate
an increasing realization of the benefits ac-
cruing to the big fish in the small pond.
This is the role at which France is now aim-
ing - leader of NATO's European allies. It
presents a situation which may cause the
United States and Britain some anxious mo-
ments in the future, but one which neverthe-
less holds a strong element of positive value
to the Atlantic powers.
Granting even General de Gaulle's more than
occasional stubbornness, Britain and the
United States should still applaud his actions
and, in fact, give him all possible encourage-
VOR TOO LONG now France has been a con-
stant headache to the United States and
Britain. Extremely conscious of her dwindling
world status, France has striven vainly and
foolishly to be recognized as an equals has time
after time forced the Allies to consider her one
of a mythical "Big Three" that did not exist.:
She was, however, not able to delude herself
quite enough; French pride had reached a new
low when General de Gaulle took control, and
the Allies were afraid the country was Igoing
to collapse. Her psychological buttresses were
all but gone.
If General de Gaulle's recent moves actually
represent a lowering of French sights, the re-
sult may well be a renaissance of this pride,
and an awakening of the nation itself - to
the advantage not only of France, but of the
entire North Atlantic alliance.
France, rather than being third in the Bit
Three, may be first in the Little Three. She
might once again be a leader in world affairs
-and this is one of the most important ele-
ments of her own self-respect.
The Push to the Summit
By DREW PEARSON
Better Words Than Missiles
,IPLOMATIC negotiations are, at best, a
long, drawn-out and very dull procedure.
ven for the patient reader, the reams of com-
unication, the volumes of proposals and coun-
r proposals, charges and counter-charges, all
uched in the formal and wordy language of
plomacy, are a stiff test of one's endurance.
And at worst, diplomatic negotiations are
sufferable. The present summit conference
erry-go-round is a prime example. When
tagonists meet to talk about their differences,
ere is at least hope that something-however'
tle-might be accomplished.
But when the two sides spend many months
time, thousands of hours in calculation, turn
t thousands of pages of letters and "millions
words of propaganda, all in trying to nego-
%te an agreement to negotiate, and still come
with virtually nothing in the way of pro-
ess, this is the epitome of futility.
IHE THEORY behind it all-if, indeed, there
is one-seems to be that barking dogs don't
be, and so if we keep barking back and forth
rever, we can keep "peace" forever.
Progress or no, however, some of us like to
ep informed on who is barking at whom at
y given time, what about and why. And dis-
ling such information from the mass of
litical and diplomatic goobeldygook filling
e air is a monumental task.
One suchminquiring individual, a woman in
ennebunk, Maine, wrote Columnist James
ston of The New York Times that she had
ad the entire Eisenhower-Khrushchev corres-
ndence in The Times and still did not know
hat was going on.
In answer to her plea, Reston called an
emergency meeting of the SEPN (Society for
the Exposure of Political Nonsense), which ran
all the official letters through its big electronic
truth detector,- the Uniquack. This remarkable
machine, Reston reports, can translate, de-
contaminate and summarize wordy official
documents into clear, truthful American.
The results were amazing, The sum total is
still zero, but the lady in Maine at least knows
now what it is she's been trying to add up.
A NATURAL reaction upon realizing that one
is getting nowhere fast, and a reaction
expressed by a number of United States Con-
gressmen, is why keep it up? Why not simply
about-face; and go back to the tranquil days of
isolationism; just build ourselves into our own
private fort and leave the rest of the world
to chase its tail around the outside?
Tempting as it sounds, this, unfortunately,
Jsn't a solution. It would only impale us on the
other horn of the dilemma.
The United States "fort" is now spread over
more than half the globe, like a huge, one-
celled amoeba with the United States at the
nucleus. Dissolution of the cell wall means
destruction of the cytoplasm, and a lonely nu-
cleus, however hardy, cannot survive without
external nutrition and support.
It appears, then, that all that is left to us
is to take the perpetual verbal barrage, try
to launch an even greater counter-barrage,
and hope that some day something will come
of it all, if only an indefinite postponement of
more drastic action. Better words should fly
W ASHINGTON - President Ei-
senhower was not the only one
whose advisers had misgivings
about a summit conference. Re-
ports from Moscow from usually
reliable diplomatic sources state
that Premier Khrushchev also had
some disagreement inside the Cen-
tral Committee of the- Communist
Some of Khrushchev's critics
advised that he not go to New
York but insist on having the sum-
mit talks in Geneva.
The Cocky Communist shouted
this down, however, and accepted
the idea of going to New York-
first, because he has always han-
kered to visit the USA; second,
because he believes a trip to the
United Nations will solidify his
position at home.
* * *
THE DEBATE as to whether
President Eisenhower was or was
not pushed into a summit confer-
ence by the British will probably
continue indefinitely-even among
the historians. But one thing is
The President is not happy
about the prospect of facing the
adroit, tough-talking, hard-boiled
leader of the Communist world in
the rough-and-tumble arena of
the United Nations Security Coun-
cil. It will be far different from
the secret talks in the pleasant
villas on the shores of Lake Geneva
in the summer of 1955.
The press, the TV cameras, the
inquisitive public, the bitter Arab
leaders, and the moralist Nehru of
India were either not present at
all or kept in the background at
Geneva. The conversations were
not only secret but leisurely. Rus-
sia, not the United States, was on
This time, President Eisenhower,
who is a military man and not a
public debater, who was trained to
give orders from a military map
room, not debate world issues in
the glare of the klieg lights, will
have to stand up against a battery
of skilled debaters, orators, and
It will be far different from his
White House press conferences,
where most of the newsmen are
friendly, where, the President can
always shut off debate or choose
to ignore a questioner.
Because of this, John Foster
Dulles, a lawyer trained in quick
repartee, has suggested that after
the opening speech by President
Eisenhower, he, Dulles, take over.
Ike would then sit back and let
Dulles do the wrangling.
However the President is not
going to duck. He believes the
world would consider him a coward
if he sat back and let someone else
do the talking.
All this is why the state depart-
ment immediately gave the cue
to Dag Hammarskjold at the
United Nations to hold as much
of the debate as possible behind
REGARDLESS of Jim Hagerty's
denials that the United States was
pushed into the summit confer-
ence by the British, there was one
man in the Eisenhower entourage
who was completely consistent.
Rightly or wrongly, John Foster
Dulles never deviated from his
vigorous opposition against a sum-
mit conference either now or in
the near future.
That's one reason Dulles was so
bitter at the British as he flew
to London for a weekend confer-
At last Sunday's meeting in
Gettysburg when the two Dulles
brothers, Vice President Nixon,
Secretary of Defense McElroy,
Gen. Nathan Twining, and 'the
President discussed Khrushchev's
proposal of a summit meeting, the
secretary of state was adamant.
He argued that a conference now
was *a device by which Russia
could get its head in the Arab
tent, and he was in favor of
freezing Russia out. He said he was
convinced Russia would not inter-
vene militarily against Americani
and British forces, therefore he
was opposed to conferring with
* * *
VICE PRESIDENT NIXON on
the other hand argued that the
Russians were already in the Near
East, had great influence there,
and negotiations might help neu-
Later, when the secretary of,
state heard that Prime Minister
MacMillan had announced his ac-
ceptance of Khrushchev's summit
proposal. Dulles almost hit the
state department ceiling.
But rather than split openly
with the British at a time when
we are cooperating together in
troop operations in the Near East,
Dulles went along.
1958 New York Herald Tribune, Inc.
of its office buildings and amid
the great surrounding sea of
Nearby are beautiful farms, but
the highways are sepdrated from
them by their own rights-of-way
and the planes fly too high.
* * *
IN CHAMBER - of - commercy
America, it is natural to feel that
if only Khrushchev could see the
land, the industries, and the
people, that he would realize there
is no need for communism, and
that his dream of economic con-
quest Is futile.
Khrushchev is a smart man. He
has just outsmarted the free
world's diplomats in the propa-
Khrushchev is a man whose In-
quiring mind has largely made up
for his lack of education.
But, even if a tour could be 'ar-
ranged, Khrushchev could not see
* * *
EVEN if security arrangements
could be flexed to let him into the
homes of ordinary workmen, to
compare their living standards
with those of their Soviet counter-
parts, he would not understand
the power they wield in the na-
tion's legislative halls.
Even if he could visit the farm-
ers he could not see their tradi-
tional independence, although he
might understand a little of what
they have done to the great plains
in the past 100 years, for hehas
dreams of his own in that field.
But his dreams have not pre-
pared him for really seeing Amer-
Ica. For America is not steel mills
and mines, and manufacturing
plants, nor workers, farmers,
clerks and professionals.
America is not something which
can be seen until it has been felt.
The farms are dirt, manufac-
turing is nuts and bolts, men are
human beings. But America is hu-
By DAVID J. WILKIE
Associated Press Automotive Editor
DETROIT - The automobile
price label law may spell, the
end of price packing and car boot-
The new law becomes effective
Oct. 1. It requires that a sticker
disclosing manufacturer's suggest-
ed list price of car and acces-
sories be placed on all new vehicles.
It further requires that the stick-
er carry the name and address of
the dealer to whom the car is de-
livered =and that the label remain
on the car until delivery to a per-
son "for purposes other than re-
How effective the law may be-
come still is being debated in trade
circles. It does not attempt to fix
the price at which a retailer may
sell the car. The auto maker does
not do that either. He suggests the
price but the retailer may put any
price he chooses on it.
THE RETAIL buyer has the ad-
vantage of knowing, from the
sticker, the price at which the
dealer would make a normal profit.
The dealer can point to the label
prices .to prove 'any discount he
may offer is a bona fide one.
The congressional hearings that
preceded passage of the new auto-
mobile information disclosure act
brought numerous allegations of
price packing at the retail level.
* * *
IN THIS practice the price of
the car and its accessories are
marked up above the factory sug-
gested price before the discount is
A lot of extra-cost. accessories
go on today's automobiles. There
are some that are not even option-
al with the buyer that have to be
bought with certain models.
It has been estimated the op-
tional items alone can add up to
$1,500 to the price of a car. A
relatively small percentage added
to each item as well as to the car
could add a sizable amount to the
final price even after what ap-
peared like an attractive discount.
* * *
MONTHS BEFORE the new law
became effective many retailers
began posting in their salesrooms
much the same information the
labels would carry. Surveys indi-
By OVID A. MARTIN
Associated Press Fm Writer
WASHINGTON -- Some farm
leaders may tind themselves
one of these days fighting to save
a federal control program for
wheat they once opposed.
Events-in the form of a grow-
ing wheat surplus and shrinking
markets-certainly seem to point
in that direction. The battle may
be pitched at the next session of
Just about everyone connected
with agriculture agrees that the
wheat situation is in a terrible
Growers are producing the sec-
ond largest crop on record under a
federal acreage allotment and
marketing quota program that
penalizes noncompliers. It is being
grown also under a soil bank pro-
gram paying growers 105 mllio'
dollars in subsidies to grow less
than their allotments.
* * *
THIS YEAR'S crop is due to
dump a lot of extra wheat onto
surplus stocks accumulated under
a control program that faled to
Farm officials figure that the
United States could lay off pro-
ducing wheat in 1959 and still
wind up with' an ample reserve
provided there were no emergen-
But the surplus situation is like-
ly to become even more trouble-
some. It is too late to do anything
about next year's wheat program.
It will be the same as this year's.
except that no land will be with-
drawn from production under the
soil bank program.
Now that wet weather has re-
placed a drought in the wheat-
growing Great Plains, the chances
are good that next year's crop
will be another bumper one that
would add more surplus.
New demands can be expected
for a change in the government's
wheat policies. Secretary of Agrie
culture Ezra Taft Benson already
has urged sharp changes. The In-
fluential American Farm Burea'
Federation calls the present pro-
gram a failure.
* * ,
UNDER THIS program, the gov-
ernment allots 55 million acres
among growers. Each grower'
marketing quota is the amount, of
wheat grown on his allotment.
Farm law does not permit a small-
er total allotment. Yet perhaps 20
or 25 million acres would produce
-in most years-about all the
wheat that could be sold under
present price patterns.
The program also requires the
government to support prices at
between 75 and 90 per cent of par-
ity, depending on the size or sup'
plies. The larger the supplies, the
lower the support may be. It. Is
at the minimum now.
Parity is a standard for meas-
uring prices declared, by law to
be fair to farmers in relation to
prices charged them.
Efforts. to make thez program
more effective in curbing ecess"
production may move In two gen-
ONE WOULD be to. tighten re-
strictions on production by out-
ting the allotments. This would
run into much opposition becauise
it would force many produceres to
low and inefficient levels of pro-
duction. Some might even be
forced out of production by inade-
The other cdurse would be a
sharp reduction in price supports
and withdrawal of allotments.
This action would be designed to
let economic forces play a larger
role in bringing about needed ad-
justments in production and con-
Considerably lower prices could
be expected to drive many farm-
ers out of wheat growing.
LETTERS TO THE EDITOR:
Reader Wants Pearson and White
INTERPRETING THE NEWS:
What Nikita Really.wants
By J. M. ROBERTS
Associated Press News Analyst
[TA KHRUSHCHEV has now verified'
evious assessments that all he wanted out
summit conference was to put President
iower on the defensive in the propaganda
ed with the prospects that the Kremlin's
in stirring up Middle Eastern troubles
be thoroughly exposed at a meeting held
United Nations Security Council rules,
s now backed away from what appeared
agreemenc on that procedure.
ushchev scored a propaganda victory
things were hot in the Middle East by
to make it appear a big war was
ened and that he wanted drastic steps
doubling back on his own trail, just when
I the Allies moving toward a conference
lid not want, he damages his own case
Khrushchev's latest attack, as so often in
the history of the Kremlin, also comes at a
time when Allied ranks are wavering and some-
thing was badly needed to stiffen the Baghdad
pact after Iraq's defection.
Simultaneously with the Khrushchev state-
ment, Secretary of State John Foster Dulles
was telling the remaining Pact members in
London that they, like Lebanon, could depend
on support by the United States even at her
own great risk.'
That was something short of what they
wanted to hear. They want the United States
to accept full membership.
Unless the Pact is revised, however, to include
a one-for-all and all-for-one clause which it
does not have now, actual membership would
mean little more than the Dulles statement.'
IF THE UNITED STATES decides that mem-
bership would be advantageous, however, and
if Tra inpeq fin1l1v withraw- the wv wurld
To the Editor:
HOPE that The Daily's Senior
Editors will not replace Drew
Pearson by William S. White but
print them both.
While Pearson's accuracy is not
100 per cent, he has sufficient in-
tellectual integrity to admit being
wrong and to print retractions. He
is often called a liar by officials
whom he exposes, only to have
his charges verified later by oth-
ers. The truth of a Pearson allega-
tion is usually directly proportion-
al to the vehemence of the en-
raged official's denials.
In these days of many attempts.
by bureaucrats of both political
parties to conceal important facts
from the public, I maintain that
Pearson's column is important
reading for those who wish to be
-David S. Greenstein
To the Editor:
THE DISCUSSION on the Mid-
$- dle East on 22 July prompts me
to express my high esteem for Mr.
Omesh Khanna of India, Professor
Bretton of the United States,
TT - - ..r-l i A, fT e nrn A
2) The Arab Revolt against
Turkish Rule is now described by
Egyptians (who incidentally did
not participate in it) as a reaction-
ary affair. As a matter of fact,
the main accusation against the
late Nuri Es-Saeed is his partici-
pation in a British-backed revolt.
The Nazi-backed coup of Rasheed
Alee Al-Gailani of Iraq is de-
cribed as a progressive revolt
against imperialistic forces.
It is not to be denied that the
coup was as widely popular as Ger-
man seizure of Poland. The back-
ers of the coup have, ever since,
either switcheda to communist
idealsor the ideals of Arab chau-
vanism; they were a force to be
reckoned with bythe ex-govern-
ment of Iraq.
3) The popular opposition or
indifference to the Baghdad Pact
is not based on the principle of
neutralism. Rather, it is based on
the fact that Turkey is an active
participant in the Pact, for amod-
ern Turkey is still associated in
the Middle East with the imperial-
istic Ottoman Empire.
This association is as baseless
as to associate present day Arab
States with the ancient Arab ideal
of conquering the whole of Europe.
However, had Turkey been ex-
able then the popularity of a die-
tator is greatly diminished. It is
only during peacetime and inter-,
nal stability that the wrath of the
people is directed against a dic-
News at Movies .. .
To the Editor:
OHN HUBBARD'S letter to the
Editor in Saturday's Michigan
Daily touches upon one of the
fundamental problems of the col-
lege student, the ability to under-
stand, interpret and discuss the
news of the day.
I wonder what can be done to
help the student, or the Ann Arbor
public in general, to know what is
going on in the world.
Certainly the University offers
many opportunities, to become ac-
quainted with world affairs. Emi-
nent lecturers regularly share,
their views with us. We have the
benefit of two very knowledgeable
comentators, Drew Pearson and
Walter Lippmann, in The Daily.
But something more can be done.
I am referring to the local movie
theaters. Only one of these theat-
ers shows world news, yet all of
thm - chnt.na tn-- -- f . .® .c..
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