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July 26, 1958 - Image 2

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Michigan Daily, 1958-07-26

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Sixty-Eighth Year
EDITED AND MANAGED BY STUDENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN
UNDER AUTHORITY OF BOARD IN CONTROL OF STUDENT PUBLICATIONS
STUDENT PUBLICATIONS BLDG. * ANN ARBOR, MICH. * Phone No 2-3241

"I'll Be Glad To Come! - And I'll Set The Date,
Make Up The Guest List, Select The Program,
Choose The Menu, Pick Out The Music .. .
iii i i

LETTERS TO THE EDITOR:
Mid-East Discussion,
Column, Draw Comment

Editorials printed in

The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.

)AY, JULY 26, 1958

NIGHT EDITOR: LANE VANDERSLICE

)efense Department Reorganization
Attacks Bloated Bureaucracy'

L'S ABOUT TIME the Defense Department
is getting reorganized. The Air Force, on its
best space-mouse expedition, had no trouble
'ing the rocket, but it.cannot seem to locate
e mouse. The mouse was abandoned to the
ements to be brutally tossed on the wide
as after its successful 6,000 mile journey from
orida to somewhere near the African coast.
lips and planes have searched for the mouse;
's apparently lost forever.
Defense reorganization may not make it
sier to find mice, but it will clear up other
oblems far more important to the nation's
curity. "The result for America will be a more
Of Words,
'HE LOCAL scene abounds with data for
idle minds to dwell upon.;
A recent letter to UniversiiV employees re-
Inds them that the official name of this
ace is "The University of Michigan", and
nts that letterheads omitting that "The"
ould be expunged.
The psychological effect of a "The" in your
ime cannot be ignored. I never thought much
Ohio State until I learned it's name is ac-
ally "The Ohio State University."
Women are better grade-getters than men,
:cording to the all-campus averages published
sterday. It may be that women are naturally
narter, but more likely'this means (as I have
ways suspected) that men and women are
aded on different curves.
--David Kessel

efficient and more economical national de-
fense," President Eisenhower recently said.
With the Defense Department annually taking
over half the national budget, any economy
will be striking at the roots of the massed bu-
reaucracy, and any substantial saving should
greatly aid the American pocket book.
THE MORE important aspect of the reorgan-
ization, however, is that it will enable the
President to simplify the chain of command,
speeding and coordinating the control of Amer-
ican forces, should they be involved in war.
The power of the service secretaries and the
military heads of the services will -be reduced,
while the power of the Secretary of Defense
will be increased. This should tend to reduce
inter-service squabbles, which have arisen over
appropriations and, among other things, the
space race. It will also make possible combined
service units which are more effective, in case
of battle, grouping the three services into one
well-coordinated effort.
PERHAPS also, the Secretary of Defense will
be able to keep peace in his own house, in-
creasing the public's confidence in the mili-
tary.
More unity can -also be expected in the mis-
sile race, with the Secretary of Defense using
his added powers, being able to more effective-
ly enforce coordination in space development.
With added cooperation and a more unified
defense system, the country will not only be
more prepared to repulse attack or fight a
"limited war;" but mice will not have to b*
lost in nose cones. This increased efficiency
will be cheered by the rodent world as the
greatest advance since limburger.
--ROBERT JUNKER

To the Editor:
A FEW REMARKS are in order
after the discussion of the
Middle East problem in the Union
on Tuesday evening.
I was personally very surprised
at the intellectual level of the re-
marks that were expressed by most
of the students. Except for Prof.
Henry Bretton, Mr. Omesh Khan-
na of India and Mr. Archie Sing-
ham of Ceylon whose remarks
aptly demonstrated their grasp
of the entire situation, the pro-
gram served orxiy to display the
utter lack of knowledge and ability
to think of the participants. Prof.
Bretton spoke the truth when he
said that he doubted whether most
of the speakers and questioners
wothldput their signatures to their
statements.
This is a university that is
known for its instruction in theory.
This'teaching is suppose to develop
the powers of reason and thought
in the individual. These qualities
were not expressed in the meeting
Tuesday evening. Some of the
statements tended to remind me
of something that I might read in
a newspaper designed to sensa-
tionalize the issues at hand. I
have encountered many foreign
students who do have a strong
realization of the issues now under
consideration. It is only too bad
that more of them were not
present at the meeting.
- John W. Hubbard
In France .. .
To the Editor:
A REMARKABLY good record of
first class journalism received
a big black eye today with the
.publishing on the editorial page
of a' "Letter from Paris."
In his "Letter from Paris", Mr.
Weicher has assembled the most
complete and unabridged set of
cliches ever printed in The Mich-
igan Daily.:
"Everybody seems to want to
leave France in the summer" said
Mr. Weicher, after seeing some
Frenchmen in several travel agen-
cies in Paris. Seeing Parisians
leave Paris for summer vacation
was sufficient to his unimpeach-
able reasoning to conclude that
Frenchmen were leaving France.
It's hardly worth mentioning that
New Yorkers leave New York in
the summer, and this doesn't
mean that they are leaving the
country.
Had our City Editor found it
worthwhile to get off his American
Express Tour bus for a while, and
seen other s t r e e t s than the
Champs Elysees, and Place Pigalle,
he would have found many brand
new and beautiful buildings that'
he seems to have completely ig-
nored. His statement about the

building industry in France is an
admission of total ignorance.
Having just returned after sev-
eral years' stay in France where
I lived on a daily basis with
French people of all walks of life,
I must add that I have not found
the Frenchmen lacadaisical, nor
lacking in spirit. If anything, their
sense of humor was better devel-
oped than ours.
In ending his epistle, Mr.
Weicher said.: "The student could
only shrug and finish off his glass
of wine." I think that under the
circumstances, the student exer-
ciged remarkable self control.
-Stephen G. Jaffe, Grad,
MICHIGAN:
'Tahe Light'
Biright
WALT DISNEY, true to form,
has come up with another
winner. His latest full-length fea-
ture, "The Light in the Forest,"
is a well done story of the Amer-
ican frontier in the 1760's.
"The Light in the Forest" is a
refreshing change from the stand-
ard blood-and-guts frontier ad-
venture. It deals with people as
individuals rather than simply
members of warring armies, and
manages t1o provide adventure
without a full-scale Indian war.
The story is that of Johnny But-
ler, a young white man captured
in early childhood and raised by a
tribe of Delawares. It begins at
the time when he is about to be
repatriated to the whites inac-
cordance with a treaty.
In his years with the Indians,
Johnny has come to accept them
as his own people, and his new-
found "freedom" is anything but
welcome. Most of the film is de-
voted to his difficulties adjusting
to life among the hated white
men.
THE ADULT star of the movie
is Disney's favorite frontiersman,
Fess Parker, who carries off with
characteristic aplomb his role as
an army scout who wins the boy's
respect and guides him through
his worst trials.
The real stars, however, are
James MacArthur as Johnny But-
ler and pretty Carol Lynley as
Shenandoah.
Miss Lynley, making her movie
debut ,behaves already like a sea.
soned actress. Her part imbues her
with wisdom beyond her years, but
she manages to Maintain her
,charm in spite of it.
-Edward Geruldsen

POLITICAL MACHINE LIKELY:
Faubus Faces Voters Tuesday

TODAY AND TOMORROW:
Wyest in EDead End
Bly WALTER LIP'PMANN

AS THINGS STAND at this moment, the no-
tion of a summit meeting in the heart of
New York City has the characteristic of one of
hose nightmares in which one feels compelled
-o do what one desperately does not want to
do. At this time, a public confrontation between
President Eisenhower and Khrushchev would
be a ghastly spectacle, almost certain to poison
the air still further with charges and counter-
charges. Moreover, there are great risks that
the local police would not be able to maintain
perfect law and order during the local visit of
a man who has in the cosmopolitan city of
NTew York so many embittered enemies.
Beyond that, there does not now exist as be-
tween Washington and Moscow a basis for ne-
gotiation. Both have talked themselves into ex-
treme positions from which it is Most awkward
to make any concession.
Yet the fact is that the President has been
pushed and pulled by the British government,
and by widespread public opinion in Germany,
in Scandinavia, in Japan, and elsewhere, to a
grudging acceptance of the idea of a summit.
meeting on the 'Middle East. Why, we must ask
ourselves, do President Eisenhower and Sec-
retary of State John Foster Dulles find them-
selves between the devil and the deep blue sea,
between having a conference which would now,
be dangerous and refusing to have one which
Is dangerous too?
THEY FIND themselves in this dilemma be-
cause they have no Middle East policy and
have therefore lost the diplomatic initiative.
The right and effective answer to Khruschev's
call for a summit conference was not to refuse
it and leave it there, was not to accept it and
to be entangled from there on. The right answer
would have been to propose the terms of a
settlement which included but extended beyond
the withdrawal of the- Marines. Such a pro-
posal would be something substantial to ta
about in place of the talk about where and
when to talk.
Unfortunately, we do not have negotiable
terms of settlement to propose The Anglo-
American intervention in Lebanon and Jor-
:an was carried out to prevent their collapse.
But this was a hurried reaction to the unex-
pected news from Iraq. It was not a deliberate
act of policy.
We find ourselves, therefore, in a dead end
street. The presence of our troops not only does
not promise a settlement of the revolutionary,
condition which caused us to send them in-
the longer the trops stay, the harder it will be
Editorial Staff
MICHAELKRAFTDAVID TARR
Co-Editor Co-Editor
ROBERT JUNKER ................... Night Editor
EDWARD GERULDSEN..............Night Editor
SUSAN HOLTZER . ... ........Night Editor
LANE VANDERSLICE............... Night Editor
RICHARD MINTZ..................... Sports Editor
FRED SHIPPEY.................Chief Photographer

to withdraw them without precipitating the
disaster they are meant to prevent.
THUS, IT IS true that neither Lebanon
nor Jordan can be stabilized and made se-
cure without a wide settlement beyond their
frontiers.
There is a school of thought both here and
in Britain which argues that the only settle-
ment which is acceptable and which will really
settle anything will be one which followed a
restoration in Iraq and the elimination of
Nasser. They would do now what Eden and
Mollet attempted to do at Suez some two years
ago. They are prepared to defy the Soviet Union
and they would by force of arms establish a
British-American protectorate in the Middle
East.
There is a kind of logic in this view, But those
who hold it are living in the wrong century.
Relatively speaking, particularly in the Middle
East which borders on Russia, the Soviet Union
is incomparably a stronger power than was
Czarist Russia in the 19th century. The Arab
revolution, of which Nasser is the most con-
spicuous but not the only champion, did not
exist at all in the imperial days of the last
century. Moreover, and this must not be over-
looked, the democracies of the North Atfantic
Treaty Organization must be considered. They
cannot be counted upon to go all the way iA
-case of a military showdown over an Arab
country in the Middle East.
I F THEREFORE, the day is past and gone for-
ever when the Middle East can be stabilized
by Western military power, we must seek an
accommodation with the new powers in the
Middle East-namely with the Soviet Union
and with Nasser's Confederation.
What other line of- policy is conceivable?
None, unless it can be called a policy to do noth-
ing but dig in where we are in Lebanon and
in Jordan, and for the rest to trade insults with
Nasser and Khrushchev. We shall get the worse
of the exchange of insults, in that it is always
easier to denounce intervention than to defend
it. Let us have no illusions then that we can dig
in, and sit it out hoping that something better
will turn up.
Unless there is a reasonably prompt settle-
ment in Lebanon with the Marines with-
drawing, their continuing presence will embar-
rass us everywhere in the world. They were
sent in in order to prove to the Turks and the
Pakistanis and others that our military prom-
ises will be honored. But if the Marines stay on
and become an army of occupation, there will
be some serious second thought nbt only among
the -nations guaranteed but also here among
ourselves who must provide the guarantees.
It is, therefore, a very great interest, one
might without exaggeration call it a vital in-
terest, of the United Staates to work out by ne-
gotiation an honorable exit for the Marines.
This may be impossible, given the revolutionary
character of the Nasser movement. But it may
not be impossible, if it is seriously and thor-
oughly attempted, given on the one hand the
military weakness of the Arab states and on
the other their great need of the West in the

By CLIFTON WELLS
LITTIE ROCK, Ark. (1') - A
crucial test at the polls is ap-
proaching for Orval E. Faubus,
the Arkansas governor whose name
ripped across the nation last fall
when he ordered National Guard
troops to block court-decreed inte-
gration at Little Rock Central
High School.
A third - term victory in the
Democratic primaries July 29 and
Aug. 12 could place the 48-year-
old mountaineer at the helm of the
strongest state political organiza-
tion since the collapse of Huey
Long's iron rule in Louisiana.
Even his critics here conr.ede
him a good chance to emerge tri-
umphant from what promises to
be a long hot summer.
He faces two opponents in the
nominating primaries - tanta-
mount to election in Arkansas-
with two strikes against him. The
strikes most emphatically do not
include his stand on integration.

IN FACT, national criticism he
received as a result of the Central
High fracas may enable him to
maintain his residency in the gov-
ernor's mansion, despite the two
ordinarily grave political liabili-
ties: State tax increases he spon-
sored and the traditional opposi-
tion to third-term gubernatorial
candidates. Southern touchiness to
outside criticism could override
these issues and make him Ar-
kansas' first three-term governor
in 54 years.
Gov. Faubus' statements indicate
he feels his order to the Arkansas
National Guard to keep nine Ne-
gro students out of the Little Rock
high school has been completely
vindicated by United States Dis-
trict Judge Harry J. Lemley's
recent order permitting a 211-
year suspension of integration at
the school.
"I have always maintained that
any court sitting here on the scene
of the problem, and who took the
time to learn all the facts regard-
ing the situation, could not help
but arrive at the same, or similar,
conclusion reached by Judge Lem-
ley," Faubus said.
THE VETERAN of Arkansas'
brand of rough and tumble per-
sonal politics let his current op-
position get nearly a month's head
start. He is opposed by Chancellor
Lee Ward of Paragould, a 52-year-
old jurist who lost a race for chief
justice of the Arkansas Supreme
Court two years ago, and Chris
Finkbeiner, 38, of Little Rock, a
personable meat packing company
executive niaking his first political
race.
A fourth candidate, retired Little
Rock lawyer Robert . J. Brown,
dropped out of the race saying he
could not get adequate financing.
Should one of the aspirants not
poll a majority of the total vote
in the first primary, a runoff be-
tween the two top would be neces-
sary two weeks later.
Ward, launching his throw-the-

rascals-out campaign early, has
attacked Faubus on a number of
fronts, including tax increases and
the racial issue. Stumping the
state in a helicopter, the chan-
cellor describes himself as a seg-
regationist who believes courts
should be obeyed no matter how
distasteful compliance might be.
Finkbeiner, well known in Ar-
kansas for his addiction to cowboy
clothes and his many civic en-
deavors, also calls himself a seg-
regationist. He recently observed
that the Lemley ruling had "re-
moved the integration issue from
the race."
Both 'Ward and Finkbeiner
praised the federal judge for per-
mitting a delay in Little Rock
school integration.

.'~ 'I

WASHINGTON MERRY-GO-ROUND:.
yOrva l's Clod Record
By DREW, PEAR SON

W ASHINGTON-In some parts
of the south, Negro-hating has
become good politics. It can some-
times cover up a multitude of sins.
Take the case of Governor Fau-
bus of Little Rock, Ark., who has
probably done the United States
more damage in Asia and Africa
than any other one American. For-
getting this, however, let's take a
dispassionate look at the Faubus
record right where he lives and
operates-in Arkansas.
Faubus was elected on a plat-
form of opposing higher taxes and
higher rates for the public utilities.
Just before he was elected, the
public service commission, appoint-
ed by his predecessor, Gov. Francis
Cherry, had refused a rate in-
crease to the Arkansas-Louisiana
Gas Company.
The gas company is run by Jack
and Witt Stephens, two smart

gray-flannel-suit boys who have
started tossing money around in -
politics and have become the big-
gest political power in Arkansas.
What their hold was on Gov. Fau-
bus, the people of Arkansas at
first didn't know. But when the
Public Service Commission refused
a rate increase and the Supreme
Court of Arkansas also refused an
increase, Gov. Faubus, despite
previous campaign pledges, rushed
to the rescue.
The Supreme Court's decision
came on a Monday. By Friday of
that same week Gov. Faubus had
rushed a rate increase through the
legislature for Arkansas-Louisiana
Gas and signed it into law.
Later it became known that his
Executive Secretary, Arnold Sykes,
had recently acquired stock in the
gas company; that 'the new at-
torney he had appointed for the
Public Service Commission, Claude
Carpenter, had recently acquired
stock in the gas company, and that
his Revenue Commissioner, Orval
Chaney, also had acquired stock.
All three helped push the rate
increase through the legislature.
* * *
LATER, when Witt Stephens
hired a special car to come to
Washington for the big Truman
dinner, Gov. Faubus was a guest in
that car, occupied a fancy suite
at the Mayflower and a $100 seat
at the dinner. His friends of the
gas company picked up the tab.
Gov. Faubus had campaigned as

a hillbilly and a moderate on inte-
gration. He came from a part of
Arkansas which had few Negroes.
He attended Commonwealth Col-
lege, listed as a communist in-
stitution, and, contrary to his own
statement that he was there only
a short time, the record shows he
was President of the Student
Council, a member of the Dis-
ciplinary Council, and made the
May Day speech, a day significant
to Communists.
However, the Stephens brothers
needed to have Faubus run for a
third term in order to keep the
Public Service Commission under
Faubus appointees.
.=No governor of Arkansas has
been elected for a third term since
Jefferson Davis, namesake of the
President of the Confederacy.
But Faubus decided to run for
a third term. Simultaneously he
wrapped himself in the race issue.
Gov. Marvin Griffin of Georgia
came to Little Rock for an im-
portant, confidential visit, and
shortly thereafter the issue of nine
Negro children at Central High
School hit the headlines all the
way from Tokyo to Tuscaloosa,
Ala., from Moscow to Meridan,
Miss. -
So the people of Arkansas, for
the most part, will vote not on
whether Faubus has been a good
governor, but on whether he has
been a vigorous opponent of the
Negro.
(Copyright 1958 by Bell syndicate, Inc.)

% I

:4
: '

FAUBUS x
seeks third term

THE MIDDLE ROAD:
Nasser Follows 'Critical' Neutralism

:L.11 I

(EDITOR'S NOTE: The following
Is the last of " a series discussing
the national leaders who have tried
to steer their countries on a neutral
course between the West and East.
Previous articles described Nehru
and Tito.)
By WILTON WYNN
Associated Press Correspondent
CAIRO - Egypt's Gamal Abdel
Nasser sometimes is called a
"Tito in reverse."
Tito shifted from the Soviet bloc
to the neutralist camp. Nasser ar-"
rived among the neutrals from the
Western side.
When Nasser seized power from
King Farouk in 1952, he considered
himself pro-Western, and so did
the West. The embassies of great-
est influence in his country were
the American and the British. He
was regarded as a bulwark against
extremist and leftist elements.
SIX YEARS LATER, Nasser says
he is following a policy of "positive
neutrality." Yet there is little
doubt that his relations with the
Communist bloc are far better'

"Being neutral does not mean
that we treat both sides exactly
alike. It means that we are free
to criticize those who attack us
and praise those who befriend us.
"The Soviet Union has been our
friend in critical moments, and so
we say good things about them.
When they become hostile to us,
we will criticize them."
Nasser has tried to play one
power off against another, and
thus maintain a semblance of

genuine neutralism in his policy.
When he shocked the West by buy-
ing arms from the Soviets in 1955,
he turned to the West for fi-
nancing of his high dam, and so
on.
EVEN MORE important is Nas-
ser's "Samsonian" complex. He is
ready to pull down the pillars on
himself as well as his enemies if
he is pressed too hard. If he gets
sufficiently annoyed at the West,
he is capable of spitefully going
straight into the Communist camp.
Western leaders pretend they don't
believe he really would do it, but
they are not sure enough to risk
it.
Nasser seized power in a mili-
tary coup and has retained his
' position by controlling the ma-
chinery of power in the country-
the police, army, and propaganda
organs. He has never been in-
tensely popular in Egypt, but his
foreign policy seems to be sup-

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