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July 26, 1958 - Image 1

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Publication:
Michigan Daily, 1958-07-26

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DEFENSE CHANGES
BADLY NEEDED
- See Page 2

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Sixty-Seven

Years of Editorial Freedom

SUNNY, WAR

rnwrm rs " r r o

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VOL LXVIH. No.. 238

ANN ABOR, MICHIGAN, SATURDAY, JULY 26, 1958

FIVE CENTS

F'OU$ PAGES

Rebels, Civilians1
Fight in Lebanon
Fighting Remote from U.S. Troops;
New President May Not Be Named
BEIRUT .(A) -- Lebanesp rebels and pro-government civilians
clashed in a sharp, three-hour fight in Beirut yesterday because a
taxi failed to halt on a rebel command.
The fighting occurred in a section remote from the positions of
American troops. They reported everything quiet in the areas where
they are stationed.
On the political front, a rebel leader dealt a stiff blow to rising
hopes that peace might return to this troubled little Mideast nation

U.S.

Will

Not

Be

on

Defensive,

Eisenhow(
Sources Say Council.
Will Meet Next Week
UNITED 'NATIONS, N.Y. ()-The Security Council is expected
to meet next week to build the foundation for a United Nations sum-
mit meeting on the Middle East crisis.
This was reported by Western sources yesterday as President
Dwight D. Eisenhower sent a note to Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev
stressing that summit arrangements must be left to the Council.
These informants express belief Khrushchev will accept and the
summit meeting can open at U.N. headquarters in New York Aug. 11.

Tells

Khrushchev

next week. Saeb Salim declared

Investigation
Demanded
B Capehart
WASHINGTON (N) - Sen. Ho-
mer Capehart (R-Ind.) formally
demanded yesterday an investiga-
tion of why a Maryland firm,
fighting a bill before Congress, put
Rep. James Roosevelt (D-Calif.)
on its payroll.
Raising a question of ethics,
Capehart mentioned a House in-
quiry into whether White House
aide Sherman Adams exerted of-
ficial influence for his gift-giving
friend Bernard Goldfine, and
quoted an old saw: "What's sauce
for the goose is sauce for the
gander."
Late President's Son
The California congressman is
the son of. the late President
Franklin D. Roosevelt.
Capehart made his demand for
an investigation to a Senate
Banking subcommtitee headed by
Sen. John Sparkman (D-Ala.).
Sparkman said he would put the
matter up to the subcommittee
later,
The subcommittee is considering
a bill to forbid savings and loan
associations. from, dvertising that
their deposits and securities are
t insured, unless they are insured
by a federal insurance agency.
Gets $6,000 Yearly
The firm which hired Roosevelt
to be chairman of its board, at
$6,000 a year for part-time serv-
ices, is located in nearby Silver
Springs, Md. It carries insurance
' with a Panama firm.
Roosevelt testified against the
bill Thursday. Capehart said, "We
want to know who is paying you
for this attack" and Roosevelt re-
torted that "I am not being paid
for testifying."
Yesterday with attorney Sher-
man Cohen on the stand for the
firm, Capehart demanded to know
why Roosevelt had been hired as
board chairman. "He liv4a in Cali-
fornia," the senator pointed out.
Cohen replied: "He has a na-
tionil reputation as one of the
leaders and champions of small
business."
Adams' Help
Not Influential
In Rebate Case
WASHINGTON -() - The for-
mer president of Raylaine Wor-
steds Inc. said yesterday it was
not Sherman Adams' influence
but hard legal work that won the
mill a $41,284 rebate of wartime
contract penalties.
Leo Wolff, head of the now-
defunct Mancheseter, N.H., firm,
toil newsmen "we wrote to every-
, body we could think of" seeking
help in having the 1941 case re-
opened before the Armed Services
Board of Contract Appeals finally
reconsidered it last year.
But Wolff reiterated that it is
ridiculous to say Adams or any
other political figure influenced
the settlement under which Ray-
laine got back most of the penal-
ties assessed for lateness in deliv-
eying uniform serge ordered by the
Army. ,
He chatted with newsmen while
waiting to testify before a House
Armed Services Investigations
subcommittee.
The White House has said
Adams, chief assistant to Presi-
dent Dwight D. Eisenhower, made
what it termed routine inquiries

r about the Raylaine case .A form-

the rebels will not permit parlia-
mment to name a new president
Thursday as scheduled.
Shooting in Basta Area
The shooting involving the taxi
broke out near the rebel-held
Basta area after 20 armed rebels
ordered the vehicle carrying a
woman and a child to stop. Tle
driver kept going and the rebels
opened fire. The pro-government
civilians led by Hanna Yazbeck
returned the shots.
The woman and child in the cab
and a young man bystander were
killed. Two of Yazbeck's follow-
ers were wounded. Rebel casual-
ties were unknown.
It was the second day of skir-
mishing in Beirut and in the port
city of Tripoli.
Four Killed Thursday
Yazbeck said four of his men
were killed Thursday and anoth-
er was wounded. The government
said three rebels were killed and
seven wounded Thursday in Trip-
oli.
American military commanders,
meanwhile, held a formal briefing
at the United States Embassy.
They said there now are 4,000 Ar-
my troops and 6,300 Marines
ashore in Lebanon.
The political setback came as
Salam declared his forces will not
permit parliament to name a pres-
ident as long as pro-Western Pres-
ident Camille Chamoun is in
power and foreign troops remain
- in Lebanon.
Will beet Thursday
Parliament is scheduled to meet
Thursday to name Chamoun's
successor. Hopes had increased
that a candidate acceptable to
both sides would be named, thus
ending the uprising.
A spokesman at Salam's head-
quarters said the rebel declara-
tion in itself would prevent a
quorum from attending the sched-
uled parliament meeting.
'Grads Given
More,'Funds
Graduate students were award-
ed 627 fellowship and scholarships
amounting to $644,000 during the
last fiscal year, Dean Ralph A.
Sawyer of the graduate school an-
nounced yesterday. Last year's to-
tal was 508 awards, amounting to
$495,000.
Dean Sawyer said the increase
was largely due to growing recog-
nition by industry and private do-
nors of the need for graduate fel-
lowships to relieve students from
the necessity of working, and thus,
reducing the time required to ob-
tain the doctor's degree.
Also up over last year were fac-
ulty research grants, up in num-
ber from 165 to 160, and in value
from $166,000 to $250,000.

Council Must Settle
Conference Rules
Ike Says Scope of Sumrit Meeting
Must Include Talk on USSR Threat
WASHINGTON (A')-President Dwight D. Eisenhower served notice
on Nikita Khrushchev yesterday the United States does not intend to
be forced into the role of defendant at any emergency summit confer-
ence.
He also told the Soviet Premier the United Nations Security Coun-
cil must set the ground rules for any summit talks if the council agrees
the Middle East crisis justifies such meetings now.
President Eisenhower in effect alerted Khrushchev to be prepared
to face Western denunciations of Russia's threats to small nations if
he shows up in New York for the emergency Security Council meeting
Khrushchev has been demanding. President Eisenhower made clear
this strategy in a letter which'

The 11-nation Council will be sun
Y']
''Students
Get All A's
Last Spring
One hundred and forty - eight
students received all-"A" grades
last semester, the office of Regis-
tration and Records reported yes-
terday.
The total is six above the fall
semester figure.
The breakdown of the total by
schools and colleges:
Architecture and design school,
three; business administration
school, five; education school, 26;
literary college, 100; School of Mu-
sic, 10; natural resources school,
one; and nursing school, three.
M icTo Present
PrograMS
Three programs on "Music and
the Present-Day Church" will be
presented by the School of Music
in conjunction with the summer
session theme, "Religion in Con-
temporary Society."
The first of these programs will
be held at 8:30 p.m. Monday in
Hill Auditorium. The others are
scheduled for Tuesday and Aug. 4.
In Monday's program, Prof.
Harold Haugh of the School of
Music will serve as lecturer for
the program, which will feature
the University choir under the
direction of Prof. Robert Foun-
tain, visiting professor from the
Oberlin Music Conservatory, and
Prof. Marilyn Mason, organist, of
the School of Music.
The program will open with
Bach's "Organ Prelude, Fugue in
E flat (St. Anne)," and the pro-
cessional, "Our God, Our Help in
Ages Past."
The program will include works
by Rowley, Gesius, Lotti, Gallus,
Tallis and Milford. A traditional
Hebrew hymn, "El Mole Racha-
.mim," will be included, as will
"Chorale Prelude on Passion Cho-
rale" by Kuhnau and "Prayer"
by Wayne Slawson. "Sermon Hymn
-Passion Chorale" by Bach and
"Man Morn to Toil" by Holst will
conclude the program.

mmoned to consider details as to
participants, the place and the
opening day for the meeting.
Proposed Indian Attendance
Khrushchev proposed that in
addition to members of the Coun-
cil, Prime Minister Nehru of India
and the governments of interested
Arab states be brought into the
discussions.
He did not specify the Arab gov-
ernments, but a Soviet U.N. source
said he believed they would be
Lebanon, Jordan, and President
Nasser's United Arab Republic.'
They are the same three Arab
nations invited to take part in
previous Council Middle East de-
bate. Iraq would be present as a
member of the Council.
There had been speculation that
the Soviets might have in mind a
conference of all Arab states. U.N.
diplomats feel this would make the
conference cumbersome. It might
also lead to additional complica-
tions, such as a demand from
Israel for participation, or from
Turkey, Iran and Pakistan-mem-
bers of the Baghdad Pact.
Consults With Lodge
President Eisenhower said he
was instructing Ambassador Henry
Cabot Lodge to consult with other
Council members on the desir-
ability ofa summit meeting.
The Council is expected to be
called into session at the conclu-
sion of such consultations. .
U.N. diplomats said the Council
would make arrangements for pri-
vate meetings of the big powers
and possibly India.
The big powers would agree in
advance that no voting take place.
They would issue a summary in
the way of a report to the full
Council at the end of their talks.
Senate Okays
New Supports
For Farmers
WASHINGTON (A) - The Sen-
ate gave loud voice vote approval
yesterday to a compromise system
of minimus price supports for
cotton and rice.
Similar agreement was expect-
ed to follow for corn supports.
The compromise, which devel-
oped rapidly as the Senate worked
toward final action on its new
farm bill, would permit future
price supports at the highest of
one of three levels: either a
straight price subsidy, 90 per cent
of the average price in the last
three years, or 60 per cent of
parity.

SOBOLEV, MATSUDAIRA DISAGREE-Soviet degelate Arkady
Sobolev condemned the proposal by Japanese delegate Koto
Matsudaira to create an effective United Nations team, which
would permit the United States to withdraw its troops from
Lebanon.
AT SENATE HEARING:
Johnson Asks Defense
Chief About Space Race
WASHINGTON gp) - The Senate's majority leader said yes-
terday that if Rome had been built at the pace the United States De-
fense Department is moving the streets would still be unpaved.
"Where are the -missiles, where are the satellites, and where are
the other devices?" Sen. Lyndon B. Johnson (D-Tex.) demanded of
Secretary of Defense Neil McElroy at a Senate hearing. The session
was held behind closed doors so that McElroy and his aides could de-

scribe a number of secret mili-
tary projects they said would
demonstrate that the nation's de-
fense buildup is moving ahead.
'Represent Progress'
"The examples definitely rep-
resent progress, much of which is
substantial," J o h n s o n reported
after the two-hour hearing before
his Senate Preparedness subcom-
mittee.
"But if Rome had been built at
the same rate of speed, the streets
would still be unpaved.
"The secretary and his people
are doing a good job. They have
strengthened the defenses of the
country and no one can question
their dedication.
Wants Best Program
"But I believe the committee
would have a greater sense of1
comfort if it felt there was a
greater desire not just to improve
our defenses, not just to catch up
with the Russians, but to produce
a preparedness program second to
none.
Johnson said he remained un-
convinced that the Defense De-
partment is working with the
"grim sense of urgency" required
by the times.

planes End
Mouse Hunt
CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. (M) -
The Air Force abandoned yester-
day an intensive three-day Atlan-
tic Ocean search for a Thor-Able"
rocket nose cone and its tiny
mouse rider.
The suspension of search opera-
tions wiped out any hope that
Wickie, the 3-year-old mouse,
could be brought back alive after
a 6,000-mile journey through out-
er space.
The hunt was called off after
four C54s and three weather re-
connaissance planes reported no
progress in a last ditch effort to
spot the nose cone in Atlantic
swells some 1,000 miles east-south-
east of Ascension Island near the
African coast.
Failure of a radio beacon inside
the nose cone recovery package
thwarted the search efforts, Air
Force officials said.
Her "mousehouse" was equipped
with enough oxygen, food and
water to last several weeks.

stressed that the permanent coun-
cil delegates in New York should
decide whether such a parley is
generally desired and, if so, fix the
date and makeup of the meeting.
Attendance Conditional
If Khrushchev agrees to this
procedure, the White House said,
President Eisenhower stands ready
to attend the heads-of-government
meeting.
The President's insistence that
the 11 - nation Security Council
should first determine whether a
summit session is generally de-
sired served to put the brakes on
Khrushchev's proposal to rush to
New York for a meeting starting
next Monday.
"The date of July 28 is too early
for us," President Eisenhower said.
Need British, French OK
United States authorities said
Aug. 11, a little more than two
weeks hence, seemed to be a more
acceptable time, provided the Brt-
ish and French agree.
British Prime Minister Harold
Macmillan and French Premier
Charles de Gaulle would be the
other top participants with Presi-
dent Eisenhower and Khrushchev,
although de Gaulle has said he
doesn't like the idea of coming to.
New York for such talks.
At U.N. headquarters in New
York, Western sources said the
Security Council probably will be
called into session early next week'
to work out arrangements for sum-
mit talks.
Answer Uncertain
What would Khrushchev say to
President Eisenhower's stipulation
that the talks must be held within
the established rules of the U.N.
Security Council and the U.N.
Charter?
"I'll have to ask him," Soviet
Ambassador Mikhail Menshikov.
told newsmen with a shrug. Men-
shikov had just accepted the White
House letter from Secretary of
State John Foster Dulles.
Western sources at the U.N. said
they had been given a definite im-
pression Moscow would g along
with the Western terms on ar-
rangements.
Requires General Discussion
In his 700-word letter, President
Eisenhower served notice that the
United States won't stand for a
mere pro and con discussion of
Khrushchev's charge that the
United States and Britain com-
mitted war-breeding agression.;
Instead, he said, this country
will insist on broadening the de-
bate to include Western accusa-
tions that the real cause of the
Mideast crisis is a Soviet-backed
drive to topple independent gov-
ernments in the area.
"To put pecae and security on
a more stable basis in the Middle
East requires far more than merely.
a consideration of Lebanon and
Jordan," President Eisenhower
wrote.
"These situations are but iso-
lated manifestations of far broad-
er problems."
TVY Talk Set
By Coma ger
A televised press conference fea-
turing the comments of Henry
Steele Commager to University
journalism students will be shown

Turks Given
Red Warning
On Mid-East
LONDON (9) - Moscow radio
said last night the Soviet Union
has formally warned Turkey
against attacking Iraq.
The broadcast, in the Turkish
language, said a note to this effect
was presented to Turkey Thurs-
day.
Turkish circles at the United
Nations in New York, commenting
on the Soviet action, said: "This is
nothing new, it should not be
taken too seriously. A note of this
kind was sent to Turkey during
the last Syrian crisis in the U..
Turkey has no plans of any kind
to attack anybody."
Moscow radio quoted the Krem-
lin note as saying that, "According
to reports the Turkish government
is preparing to begin military
operations against Iraq in a few
days' time."
The reports were not specified
But the note, as quoted in the
broadcast, said, "A request by
King Hussein of Jordan might
provide an official pretext for an
onslaught by Turkish troops on
Iraq."
World News
Roundup
By The Associated Press
NEW YORK - A four-engine
Pan American airliner with 45
persons aboard landed safely at
Argentia, Newfoundland, early to-
day after flying 450 miles over the
Atlantic with a runaway propeller.
The stricken DC-7 was escorted
to safety by six aircraft. It had
declared an emergency three hours
earlier while flying over the At-
lantic east of Halifax.
* * *
NEW DELHI, India - Three
hundred police armed with rifles
and tear gas bombs surrounded
the United States embassy in New
Delhi yesterday to control a 1,000-
strong crowd of demonstrators,
described as Communists.
The police warned the demon-
strators, who were shouting slo-
gans for the immediate withdraw-
al of American troops from Leb-
anon, to keep 10 yards from the
embassy gates and walls.
The American staff had left for
the day and only security person-
nel remained.
* : s
LONDON-Queen Elizabeth I,
who is suffering from catarrhal
sinusitis, was visited at Bucking-
ham Palace yesterday by her phy-
sicians.
* C *
ST. LOUIS - Former Presi-
dent Harry S. Truman urged the
American people yesterday to get
behind President Dwight D. Eisen-
hower on the United States' stand
in the Middle East crisis.
"You must remember that it is
up to you to support the chief ex-
ecutive of the United States when
he is working for the welfare and

4

I

SOURCE: 'HOT ALMANAC':
97,747 Bassinets Possessed by U.S. Hospitals

By EDWARD GERULDSEN
The Michigan Daily is acquiring
books to place In its new library.
Chief among these is the 1954
edition of "The Pocket Almanac."
"a new, handy reference annual
especially designed to give you
quick answers to the questions you
are most likely to ask."
Among the quick answers ap-
pear:
1) The first reported automobile
theft was in 1905.
2) Ruggiero Leoncavallo lived
from 185E to 1919.
Be Domineering
3) "The first-aider at the scene
of an acV dent is expected to take
charge. At any time, without
warning you may be at the scene

ask common questions, and ob-
scure answers are also given in
this booklet. Examples:
1) Papuan, of which there are
about 130 varieties, is spoken by
the natives of New Guinea and
near-by islands.
2) The Peace of Kalisch: Poland
obliged to acknowledge the Teu-
tonic Order and is cut off from
the sea.
3) Frans E. Sillanpaa was still
living in 1954.
4) The building and funds of
the YMCA in North America are
worth $290,000,000.
Articles of Confiscation t
5) :Australia owed the United
States $8,395,444.80 on other lease
accounts for accounts receivable
under active agreements with for-I

. sue.. .,..

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