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July 25, 1958 - Image 1

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
Michigan Daily, 1958-07-25

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IDDLE EAST LANDINGS
AID U.S. POSITION
See Page 2

., i r

Sirp
Sixty-Seven Years of Editorial Freedom

~Iaii4P

PARTLY CLOUDY, MILD

OL. LXVIII, No. 22S ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, FRIDAY, JULY 25, 1958 FIVE CENTS

FOUR PAGES

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Reorganization Bill
Passed by Congress
President Given Power To Change
U.S. Defense Department Setup,
WASHINGTON ()) -- Congress passed a bill yesterday giving
President Dwight D. Eisenhower authority to reorganize the Defense
Department and streamline the chain of command..
The compromise measured sailed through the House and Senate
within a matter of hours. Passage in both chambers was on a voice
vote. The compromise apparently silenced early bitter opposition to
the legislation. President Eisenhower is expected to sign the bill into
law quickly. It gives him essentially what .he asked for to make the

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US. An swers

USSR Note

Pentagon changes. "The result2
U Students
Attain 2.61
Grade-Point
The over-all campus average
attained by University undergrad-
uate students during the spring
semester of the 1957-58 academic
year was 2.61, according to 'the
University's Office of Registra-
tion and Records.
Breaking down the figure, wo-
men earned an average. of 2.70,
while the average grade-point at-
tained by male students was 2.54.
The new freshman class earned
an average of 2.28. Freshman wo-
men had an average of 2.30, fresh-
man men an average 2.27
The residents of Martha Cook
Building secured the top position
among all residence hall groups,
with a 3:05 grade-point average.
The general sororities attained
a' 2.77 average; independent wo-
men earned a 2.68.
Men's residence halls posted an
average of 2.48 while general fra-
See grade average breakdown'
on Page 4
ternities earned an average of
2.50.
Sigma Delta Tau sorority at-
tained an average of 3.03, placing
first among the general sororities.
Phi Epsilon Pi's members and
pledges earned an average of 2.73
which placed them at the top of
the fraternity list.
The report is the second report
for a single semester ever issued
by the University.

for America," the President said
-Wednesday, "will be a more effi-
cient and more economical nation-
al defense."
While the reorganization bill
progressed through Congress, Sec-
retary of Defense Neil J. McElroy
appeared before a Senate Armed
Services subcommittee to report
on the present state of defenses.
Citing the recent landings of
United States armed forces in
Lebanon, McElroysaid "Our forces
are ready and ... can move rapid-
ly to those parts of the world
where they are needed."
The reorganization bill reduces
the power of the individual service
secretaries and their military
chiefs.
It provides a clear-cut command
system for the kind of forces most
often used in modern wars-teams
composed of selected elements of
one, two or more services.
COmmittee
OK'sFunlds
WASHINGTON (M-The Senate
Appropriations Committee voted
yesterday to give President Dwight
D. Eisenhower all the money he
asked for defense-and $1,200,000,-
000 more.
It approved a bill which would
provide $40,032,000,000 to main-
tain the military establishment
during the fiscal year that began
July 1. This is $1,600,000,000 more
than is contained in a bill passed
by the House June 5.
Most of the increase approved
by the committee would go for
additional airpower.
The senators added $108,700,000
for- 13 more long-range jet B52G
bombers..The House had provided
funds for 39.
Another $111,189,000 would pro-
vide 30 additional KC135 jet tank-
ers of the type that recently set
new transocean speed records.
As the bill goes to the Senate
for action possibly next week, it
would provide these service funds:
Army--$9,074,000,000 plus 325,
million of transfer funds.
Navy and Marines-$11,422,000,-
000 plus 160 million of transfer
funds.
Air Force-$18,160,000,000.
The balance goes to Defense
Department administration and
inter-service activities.
In the House, more than half a
billion dollars was cut from mili-
tary construction funds request-
ed by President Eisenhower.
By voice vote it sent to the Sen-
ate a bill appropriating $1,218,-
815,000 to finance Army, Navy
and Air Force construction
projects.

WASHINGTON (R) - President
Dwight D. Eisenhower drafted a
new letter yesterday to Premie
Khrushchev which reportedly in-
sisted that the United Nations Se-
curity Council set the time, place
and ground rules for a summit
meeting.
President. Eisenhower rushe
his draft to British and Frencj
leaders in an apparent move to
win their acceptance to his plan
to pin down Khrushchev to clear-
ly-defined conditions for any
summit conference.
Some authorities said President
Eisenhower felt the 11-nation Se-
curity Council should meet or
consult in advance to settle this
problem.
This would eliminate the need,
it was felt, for Khrushchev to
continue to fire messages to West-
ern Big Three leaders on the final
arrangements for such a meeting
in New York. President Eisenhow-
er's main goal was understood to
be to get Khrushchev on record
as willing to follow the existing
rules of the Security Council dur-
ing the meeting.
Khrushchev proposed a summit
conference to start Monday but
President Eisenhower and Secre-
tary of State John Foster Dulles
obviously were seeking to slow the
rush by a couple of weeks.
May Announce Today
White House press secrtary
James C. Hagerty in announcing
the United States draft had been
finished said there was a good
chance it might be delivered to
Moscow and made public today.
Some authorities thought Sat-
urday might be the earliest this
could be done in view of the need
for the American, British and
French governments to settle dif-
ferences about ground rules for
any conference with Khrushchev.
Hagerty gave no hint to news-
men whether President Eisenhower
would agree to a-swift New York
parley. He reported the reply to
Khrushchev was written after a
second meeting between the Presi-
dent and Dulles at the White
House.
Will Have Restrictions
Congressmen who attended a
late-afternoon briefing by Asst.
Secretary of State William Ma-
comber quoted him as saying
President Eisenhower's reply would
not be a simple acceptance of
Khrushchev's terms.
Continuing objections of
France's Premier Charles de Gaulle
clouded the outlook anew during
the day.
Rear Admiral
Lost at Sea
SAN FRANCISCO (P) - Rear
Adm. Lynne C. Quiggle, 52 years
old, disappeared at sea from the
liner President Cleveland and ar
parently jumped overboard in a
"fit of mental depression" the
liner's master said yesterday.
"From information I know I
can see no other answer to it,"
Commodore H. D. Ehman said.
A Navy board of investigation,
headed by Rear Adm. John Q.
Owsley, medical corps, started a
formal inquiry into Quiggle's dis-
appearance.

NASSER'S GLAD HAND-Gamal Nasser (left) President of the
United Arab Republic, has a big smile and a handshake for Emir
Abdullah Sabah, ruler of oil-rich Kuwait in Damascus, Syria. The
Emir rules the little country just south of Iraq with British
protection.
Diplomats Say Khrushchev
May Seek Private Meetings
UNITED NATIONS, N.Y. (_ - Many United Nations diplomats
say the key phrase in Premier Nikita Khrushchev's latest message
on a summit meeting is his reference to consultations outside the
Security Council chamber.
The feeling is that whatever achievements come from any pro-
posed high-level gathering will be the result of private talks among
-East-West leaders and not from

Britain Says
Middle East
Not in Peril
LONDON tAP) - Britain rejected
last night Soviet charges that the
peace of the Middle East has been
imperiled by American and British
landings in Lebanon and Jordan.
Soviet Premier Nikita Khrush-
chev's agreement to attend a
special summit conference of the
United Nations Security Council
on the Middle East crisis got an
official welcome from this country.
But a government statement-
seeming to reflect American and
French thinking-rejected as un-
realistic Khrushchev's idea that
the talks should start Monday.
Britain Wants Delay
It pledged Britain's readiness to
participate "as soon as a special
meeting of the Security Council
can be conveniently arranged."
The trend of thinking seemed to
be that would be in about 10 days,
or during the first week in August.
However, the United States Em-
bassy in Moscow is taking no
chances. It made preliminary ar-
rangements for quick American
clearance of Khrushchev's jet
plane whenever it receives formal
notification of his plans.
Russians Confident
Self-confidence was reflected
among the Russians at Khrush-
chev's decision to accept the.
West's challenge.
Government and Communist
party newspapers made fresh at-
tacks on the United States and
President Dwight D. Eisenhower.
Izvestia said the United States
is so accustomed to settling all
problems from positions of
strength that it interprets military
intervention as peaceful foreign
policy. When President Eisen-
hower speaks of human dignity,
it said, he is thinking only of
crowned, feudal heads of colonial
states.
Stop Search
For Mouse F
Temporarily
CAPE CANAVERAL (A')-Wickie
the mouse apparently was lost at
sea yesterday after a violent 6,-
000-mile in the nose cone of a
Thor-Able missile.
The nose cone was a dot in a
wide expanse of the Atlantic to
search units patrolling waters1
near Ascension Island, some 1,000s
miles off the African coast. l
The Air Force announced the
search was discontinued tempo-t
rarily due to darkness in the areac
and the absence of any radio sig-
nals from the nose cone.f
Present plans call for one more<
day of searching, officials said.
The recovery fleet was com-k
posed of more than a dozen tele-t
metry ships aied by C54 planes.v

said the Communists, al-
though outlawed by Nasser,
organized 50-man groups to
shout "Down with Nasser" in
the streets. They said more
than 200 were arrested.
Transportation Union Strikes
The informants reported that
on July 5 the leftist transport
union went on strike in Aleppo.
Nasser brought in troops and op-
erated public transport, breaking
the strike.
Northern Syria has fallen on
hard times since the union of
Egypt and Syria in February. The
Communists are trying to blame
the depression on Nasser, the
travelers said. But the real trou-
ble, they added, was a bad crop
year that cut buying power. This
forced industry layoffs.
Quote Iraqi Officials
Two higher officials of the
Iraqi regime were quoted by a
Cairo newspaper as saying nego-
tiations for a union with Nas-
ser's UA.R are being prepared.
Iraqi Deputy Premier Abdel
Salam Aref told the newspaper;
Sabah el Kheir he is "looking for-
ward to the day when union will-
be achieved between all liberated
Arab countries."
Nagy Taleb, Iraq's new minis-
ter of social affairs, said union
with the UAR is "our only guar-
antee for independence."
Aref said UAR-Iraqi commit-
tees are being formed to discuss
military, political, ecQnomic and
educational matters "with the aim
of uniting similar institutions in
all these fields."
In Beirut, attention was cen-
tered on the hope that next
week's parliamentary electionof
a new president would end the
76-day-old rebellion, clearing the
way for withdrawal of United
States troops.
Will Call Off Strike
The Lebanese Association of
Industrialists indicated it will call
off a threatened general close-
down of allindustry until it sees
what Parliament does.1
The association had threatened
to close down unless Parliament
picked a president who could re-
store peace. Parliament post-
poned the election session until
next Thursday to give negotia-
tors for both sides time to agreet
on an acceptable candidate.
The rebels have been gunning
for pro-Western President Camille
Chamoun, whose term expires int
September. If a candidate cannot1
be found acceptable to both sides,
this little nation faces real civilf
war.

Iraqi Insurgents
May Enter UAR
Outlawed Pro-Communist Groups
Active in Syrian Industrial Ceiter
BEIRUT, Lebanon (R) - President Gamal Abdel Nasser is
reported 'as being plagued by Communist disorders in his
province of Syria just as Iraqi rebel leaders began talking
of joining his United Arab Republic.
The Iraqi rebel regime professes to be anti-Communist.
It is said to have stiff-armed Red elements trying to climb
aboard the revolutionary wagon. So it may follow events in
Syria with interest.
Reliable informants returning from Syria said the Com-
munists were active in Aleppo, an agricultural and industrial
center in northern Syria. They !

sen. Capehart
Blasts Ethics
f Roosevelt,
WASHINGTON (M)--Sen. Homer
apehart (D-Ind.) questioned the
thics of Rep. James Roosevelt {D-
alif) yesterday,
It set off an uproar in the Sen-
be Banking Committee.
Roosevelt, son of the late Presi-
ent Franklin D. Roosevelt, went
efore the committee to oppose
gislation dealing with savings
nd loan advertising, introduced
r Sen. J. Glenn Beall (R-Md.).
Capehart, one of the hottest-
mpered of Republicans, accused
oosevelt of reflecting on the in-
grity of the men who drew up
e legislation and said: "If you
e going to attack these gentle-
Len, we want to know who is pay-
g you for the attack."
Warmly, Roosevelt replied: "I'
n not being paid for testifying."
Roosevelt disputed Capehart's
iggestion that in appearing
ainst the legislation he was rep-
senting a company which op-
sed it and had put him on the
yroll after it was introduced.
The legislation would forbid
vings and loan associations to
[vertise that their certificates of
posit, etc:, were insured-unless
ey were insured by the Federal
eposit Insurance Corp., or the
deral savings and loan system.
Under Capehart's questioning,
oosevelt said he became board
airman of a Baltimore savings

Hussein Says
Plans To Halt
Shift to Russia
LONDON () - Jordan's King
Hussein said in a BBC-TV inter-
view last night he is preparing
with free world help to save Iraq
from becoming a Soviet satellite.
He declined to say what active
measures he proposes against the
regime that overthrew the mon-
archy in Iraq last week, set up a
Nasser-style republic and declared
an end to the Arab federation of
Jordan and Iraq.
Britain sent parachute troops
to Jordan last week in answer to
Hussein's plea for help against
any such coup in Jordan.
The young monarch accused
the Soviet Union of inspiring.
revolution in the Middle East as
part of a grand plan to destroy
Arab nationalism and turn Arab.
countries into Soviet satellites.
"The plan, it seems, also calls
for the Communists to control the
oil fields of the Arab world," Hus-
sein said.

the formal sessions of the 11-na-
tion Council. The Council prob-'
ably would do little more than put
its approval on agreements, if any,
reached by the big powers.
Suggest Agreement First
Khrushchev and British Prime
Minister Harold Macmillan al-
ready have suggested that no
resolutions be submitted to the
Council unless they arise from
previous agreement.
This clearly indicates private
Negotiations are envisaged. UN
secretary General Dag Hammar-
skjold, who has agreed to take
part in any high-level meeting, is
a strong believer in quiet diplo-
macy.
Advantages Given
Advocates of private consulta-
tions see these main advantages:
Private talks minimize the oppor-
tunity for propaganda, they can
be limited to the few key leaders
whose agreement is essential, and
they are much more speedy.
Diplomats doubt whether there
will be more than two or three
meetings of the full Council.
Whether these meetings will be'
open or closed is one of the first
questions to be decided.
There is not even enough room
to take care of the UN diplomats
and the press, radio and television
representatives.
Arrangements are being made
to install television sets in nearby
conference rooms to take care of
the press overflow.
But just where any private
meetings would be held still has
not been disclosed.
There were hints that the idea
of private meetings might run into
some difficulties.
Diplomatic circles reported some
heads of government are not
happy over the prospect of com-
ing to New York just to sit at a
few formal meetings of- the Secur-
ity Council and then sit around
while the big powers negotiate in
private.
PJrfa T A romo a

Jones Plans
Russian Trip
on Sunday
Leslie M. Jones, lecturer in the
aeronautical engineering depart-
ment and research engineer for
the University's Engineering Re-
search Institute, will leave for
Moscow Sunday to attend the
fifth General Assembly of the
Committee Specale De L'Annee
G e o p h y s i q u e Internationale
(CSAGI.
He will be accompanied by Nel-
son W. Spencer, of the electrical
engineering department, also a_
research engineer for the Insti-
tute.
Led by Prof. Joseph Kaplin of
the University of California, Jones
and Spencer are among the 25-
member delegation which will
represent the United States at
!the meeting.
Delegates from 60 countries will
attend to discuss and share the
results of experiments in 14 dif-
ferent fields of science which
have beencarriedeoutin each
country over the last few years.
The Assembly will be presided
over by Prof. Sydney Chapman,
well-known astronomer, physicist
and mathematician from England.
He will be a visiting professor
at the University this fall.
The Assembly will start on
Monday.
City Churches
Plan Prayers
For Mid-East
Prayers and meditation for world
peace will1be given in at least 21
local area churches on Tuesday in
response to the Middle East crisis,
according to Prof. Kenneth Bould-
ing of the economics department.
"In view of the precarious na-
ture of the international situation
and the desperate straits in which
the human race finds itself as it
contemplates the possibility of
atomic warfare ... churches have
agreed to open their doors for all
those who wish to offer private
prayers for peace," Prof. Bould-
ing's announcement indicated.
Agreeing to open their doors
from 12:30 p.m. to 1:00 p.m. on
Tuesday are nineteen local and
two area churches, although others
are expected to join after they'are
contacted.
It is stressed that all persons,
whether regular church goers or
not, can at that time offer their
private prayers for peace, accord-
ing to Prof. Boulding.
Minister Asks
oil Controls
WASHINGTON (A )-Prime Min-
ister Kwame Nkrumah of Ghana
proposed yesterday that the major
powers guarantee the sovereignty
of each country in the Middle East.
Nkrumah told a National Press
Club luncheon audience that under
this nlan the nil rensoresnf th

Sobelov Attacks Delegate

World News Roundup
By The Associated Press
DAMASCUS, Syria-An official Syrian announcement said Syrian
anti-aircraft guns yesterday shot down an unidentified jet fighter
plane intruding on air space of the United Arab Republic.
It added the plane was seen falling in flames into Lebanese ter-
ritory after being hit over Syrian soil.
The United States Defense Department said in Washington it had
no information on the identity of the plane.
CIUDAD TRUJILLO, Dominican Republic-Juan D. Peron said
yesterday he will return to his Argentine homeland whenever he con-
siders it necessary and opportune.
The exiled ex-dictator made clear in an interview that he was not
worried over a recent declaration of Argentina's President Arturo
Frondizi that he would not be able to return. Frondizi said the Argen-
tines did not want either old or new dictators.

-w wu

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