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July 17, 1957 - Image 2

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Michigan Daily, 1957-07-17

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Sixty-Seventh Year
EDIrED AND MANAGED BY STUDENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN
UNDER AUTHORITY OF BOARD IN CONTROL OF STUDENT PUBLICATIONS
STUDENT PUBLICATIONS BLDG. * ANN ARBOR, MICH. * Phone NO 2-3241

"Notice How Fluffier-Than-Ever White They Are?"
: j

'hen Opinnfzs &A"Pm w
Truth Will pre'vsW

Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers o
the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.

)NESDAY. JULY 17. 1957

NIGHT EDITOR: RENE GNAM

...,...,... .. , ., ., r. _ _ . , _..

No Trusting of Administration
In Budget Affairs

NSTEAD OF ending the annual political feud
over the budget at the usual time this year,
appears that Republicans and Democrats
ill be going into overtime in their battle for
nd against tax cuts and budget reductions.
The latest revelation, that the Administra-
on in Washington has ordered certain overall
onomies to be taken in government spending,
as rightfully angered members of the House
ppropriations Committte.
This group had just finished the usual hear-
gs on budget needs. It had heard members
government agencies explain, as usual, that
weir requested budgets were the rock bottom
nounts on which they could operate for the
esent fiscal year. The Administration's stand
as that no more cuts in the budget could pos-
bly be made.
Now that the budget has been set, the Ap-
ropriations Committee has had word of an,
,onomy order issued by the Administration,
sking federal government agencies to keep
heir spending down to the level of last year's.
The result of the success of such an econo-
iizing would result in a surplus which Repub-
cans could claim for themselves and attempt
engineer a tax cut with, again claiming all
ae credit, undeserving as it may be.
EMOCRATS, in turn, are rightfully angered
at this. Such political maneuvering is not
mly unethical but completely defeating of the
urpbose behind the present system of examin-
ig and approving the year's proposed budget.
Republicans are obviously not too low to.
oop to falsifying (for that is what it amounts
) budget claims and needs, not only in hopes
E getting a larger appropriation for the year,
ut also in the interests of deceiving the pub-

lic on two counts-the figuring of the budget
and allotting of funds equally, and the eventual
turnabout and claims of money saved which
are wholly false.
This means that Republicans are putting
their party reputation far ahead of ethical and
honorable management of the Administration
and the fiscal allocations of the 'government.
Such a party, in control of the administration,
presents the nation with a problem.
THE SOLUTION to this problem is a tighter
control of the administration through the
purse strings. While Democrats control the
legislative branch of the government, they
should exercise a firm control. While they ap-
prove the budget, they should make stronger
cuts in appropriations where needed.
No administration should be able to mislead
the legislative in the way the present one has
done. Obviously, the studies the Appropria-.
tions Committee has done have not been pene-
trating enough.
Appropriations Committee members, then,
should be even more skeptical of budget re-
quests for federal agencies and branches of
the administration. There should be an even
greater attempt at checking and rechecking the
amounts and costs specified in the numerous
requests for expenditures. More frequent, more
searching spot examinations of these proposed
expenditures should be worthwhile and prob-
ably would be illuminating.
Democrats must be even more suspicious and
more handy with the scissors in examining
proposed budgets-there certainly can be no
trusting of the Administration.
--VERNON NAHRGANG
Editor

State Street Traffic

ANN ARBOR City Council is currently con-
idering a proposal to establish a "loop"
system of traffic routing in the ever-congested
State 'Street area. At the momenti, it seems
worthy of endorsement.
The State Street area from William to Liber-
ty through the years has been one of, if not
the, most crowded, perplexing, exasperating-
for-drivers blocks in the City. Conditions are
such that both University and high school stu-
dents daily weave their way through bumper-
touching cars to cross the street. Drivers of cars
parked at the curb often are forced to wait
10 minutes before they can pull out. A cyclist /
finds himself bumperd by fenders, blocked by
pedestrians.
S THE CITY embarked on Step A of the
Clean Up State Street Congestion project.
Bicycling and bicycle parking on sidewalks in
the area was ruled out. City Council decided
sidewalk cycling was a hazard to pedestrians
and was not exactly profitable for area mer-
chants who often found views of their show-
windows restricted by parked bicycles.
The bicycles were forced onto the streets, and
traffic congestion increased. The bicycle ban

did alleviate some sidewalk congestion, never-
theless, it wasn't too popular to the motorist.
Step B, establishing a "loop" system of traf-
fic routing, seems to be the most sensible sug-
gestion yet received by the Council.
According to the plan, traffic would be kept
moving at an almost continuous pace. State
Street traffic from Williams to Liberty would
proceed North. Liberty (from State Street to
Maynard Street) would then be reserved for
West-bound vehicles. Maynard Street would
become the South-bound route and William
would be reserved for cars traveling East.
Merchants in the area, sponsors of the pro-
posal, feel the "loop" system would eliminate
needless, time-consuming, business -robbing
traffic tie-ups. Traffic 'entering State Street
from North University could be directed by an
almost constant flashing green arrow. Other
traffic entering the "loop" could be similarly
routed.
It would indeed be proper for the Council to
take immediate action. We would like to look
forward to a congestion-free State Street area
on the football Saturdays almost upon us.
-RENE GNAM'

Today
and
Tomorrow
By WALTER LIPPMANN
THE SOVIET government very
much wants the outer world to
understand that Malenkov, Moo-
tov, and the others have been
purged but are not being extermi-
nated.
As of now, we know definitely
only about Malenkov, the chief
offender, Khrushchev's most seri-
ous rival. He is being sent far
enough away from Moscow to be
in political exile, and there he is
to live with the charge hanging
over his head that he has com-
mitted capital crimes. It is a kind
of parole before trial or conviction.
This, as compared with Stalin's
purges, is lenient treatment, and
presumably Molotov and Kagano-
vich, who are too old to be danger-
ous, will get off at least as well.
All the evidence we have, which
now include's Khrushchev's story,
but not Malenkov's, supports the
view that the object of the purge
is to get rid of the main opposi-
tion to what might be called a
more modernized Communism.
The Soviet economy has grown
too big and too complicated to be
run without normal economic in-
centives and to be managed by a
highly centralized oligarchy, rely-
ing principally upon the secret po-
lice.
The Communist world, what
with the growing strength of Chi-
na and the increasing nationalism
of the European satellites, can no
longer be held together, as in Sta-
lin's day, by imperial fiat from
Moscow.
KHRUSHCHEV, who was a good
Stalinist when Stalinism was the
vogue, is not much of an ideolo-
gist. He is very much of pragmat-
ist.
Insofar as he has turned against
Stalinism, it is because, being a
practical politician with an acute
sense of the Russian realities, he
knows that Stalinism will no long-
er work.
The purpose of his reforms is to
make the Communist system work,
to consolidate the regime within
Russia and to hold together the al-
liance with China and with the
satellites.
. There is in high places in Wash-
ington 'some wishful thinking
which supposes that we are wit-
nessing the beginning of the
break-up of the Communist sys-
tem.'
There is, it seems to me, no
public evidence to support this no-
tion, and even if, by some chance,
it turned out that the Soviet prob-
lems at home and abroad are in-
soluble, it would still be a great
mistake to make such an assump-
tion now.
We are least likely to mislead
ourselves if we make the con-
trary assumption, which is that
the Khrushchev reforms are likely
to make stronger both the Russian
state and the Russian system of al-
liances.
There are no indications that
the internal problems are so se-
vere that the Russian ruling class
is becoming desperate and may be-
come violent. Nor is there any in-
dication that out of internal weak-
ness the government will now make
substantial concessions to the West
about Germany, Korea, Formosa,
the Middle East, or disarmament.
On the contrary, with Marshal
Zhukov and the Army playing a
larger role, we shall be dealing
with a government which can be
expected to be firmly opposed for
military and national reasons to
any- strategic retreat.
We must bear in mind that while

it has been the Communists who
have pushed forward the Russian
sphere of influence to the lines of
the Iron Curtain, those lines have
been for more than a century the
objective, or let us say the great
dream, of Russian imperial strate-
gy.
WE MUST suppose that there
there will be no substantial retreat,
nothing, for example, which brings
the whole of Germany within the
sphere of NATO, or takes Poland
outside the military system over
which Marshal Zhukov presides.
What about an advance? Is it
likely that a modernized Com-
munist regime will try to expand
-to absorb West Germany, South
Korea, Formosa, South Viet Nam,
or to make a physical lodgment say
in Syria or in Egypt?
There can be no certain answer
to these crucial questions. We are
dealing not in certainties but in
probabilities.
The most probably correct an-
swer is, it seems to me, that Rus-
sia and China will try to expand
by all means short of overt, or-
ganized, military action.
It is highly probable that with
the balance of power in nuclear
weapons as even as it is, any or-
ganized warfare which could in-
volve Russia or the United States
would be an incalculable risk for
both of us. There is not likely,
therefore, to be another limited
war as in Korea.

By WILLIAM L. RYAN
Associated Press Foreign News Analyst
NIKITA Khrushchev will have a
tough t i m e convincing the
world Stalinism is dead, unless he
changes the tune of Soviet propa-
ganda.
The big test of Khrushchev's in-
tentions, so far as the West is
concerned, will be whether he can
obliterate the ghostly scowl of Sta-
lin which still lurks behind the
Soviet new look.-'
A Khrushchev attempt to revive
the 1955 "spirit of Geneva" can be
expected. But it will have little
effect upon Western statesmen so
long as Soviet propaganda con-
tinues in its present vein.
At the time of the latest big So-
viet purge, the Soviet press and
radio had just about reached the
height of a violent hate-America
campaign which recalled the iciest
days of the Stalinist cold war.
* * *
FOR THE past year and a half,
the echoes of Stalin's time have
been so pronounced that one got
the impression of a Kremlin hier-
archy of divided and confused men
who, even if they wanted to, did
not dare abandon Stalinism in
their domestic propaganda.
The world will watch for the
effects of this development on
Soviet propaganda attitudes. As of
now, the Kremlin's propaganda
still has the harsh sound of Sta-
lin's trumpets of hate.
The collective leadership added
some touches of its own to Stalin's
foundations forpropaganda.
Its frequent glad-handing tours
abroad, its accessibility and will-
ingness to be seen and quoted,
stand out in sharp contrast to Sta-
lin's secretiveness.
BUT IN the propaganda field,

Washington
Merry-
(o-
By DREW PEARSON

I;

any Kremlin claim to have repudi-
ated the dictator falls down.
The bulk of this propaganda is
made up of tested Stalin cliches,
with no detectable difference in
content or tactics. The dizzying
old formula of attack and retreat,
of simultaneous threat and bland-
ishment, of alternating sniles and
scowls, never has been abandoned.
The cornerstone of Soviet pro-
paganda at home and abroad re-
mains, as in Stalin's day, an in-
sistence that only the U.S.S.R.
stands for the prohibition of nu-
clear weapons and world, peace.
While Soviet negotiators give
the impression of moving toward
agreement on such portentous is-
sues as disarmament, Soviet prop-
aganda attacks American propos-
als as mere smokescreens for ag-
gression, and American spokesmen
are warmongers plotting war on
the U.S.S.R.
IN STALIN'S time, the Commu-
nists were infuriated by things like
the Truman Doctrine, The Mar-
shall Plan and any other obstacle
to bloodless Red aggression.
Today's leaders are infuriated
by the Eisenhower Doctrine for
the Middle East, by schemes like
the European atomic energy pool
and the European Common Mar-
ket, all of which might tend to
block Red expansion.
Today the principal devils are
Secretary of State Dulles, Ameri-
can generals and American indus-
trial leaders. President Eisenhower
is not attacked personally. Often,
his Mid-east plan is dubbed the
"Dulles-Eisenhower Doctrine."
The anti - American campaign
internally, a hallmark of the Sta-
linist cold war, produces savage
cartoons depicting American lead-
ers as men with bloody hands
plotting atomic war.

AS IN STALIN'S day, the Rus-
sian people are told many times
over that capitalism is doomed.
Russians are told the American
rmilitary leaders are bestial men
who plot to use humans as guinea
pigs.
The Soviet people, longing for
consumer goods which have been
sacrificed to the military and po-
litical potential of heavy industry,
are told they will surpass the
United States soon economically.
They were told exactly the same
thing 10 years ago.
Externally, Moscow radio car-
ries the word in many languages.
Communist parties, Soviet em-
bassies and field offices of VOKS
(All-Union Society for Cultural
Relations Abroad) elaborate the
line according to l]ocal conditions.
DAILY
OFFICIAL
BULLETIN
The Daily Official Bulletin Is an
official publication of the University
of Michigan for which the Michi-
gan Daily assumes no editorial re-
sponsibility. Notices should be sent
in TYPE WRITTrEN form to Room
3519 Administration Building, be-
fore 2 p.m the day 'preceding
publication. Notices for Sunday
Daily due at 2:00 p.m Friday.
WEDNESDAY, JULY 17, 1957
VOL. LXVII, NO. 16y
General Notices
Regents' Meeting: Fri., Sept. 20. Com-
munications for consideration at this
meeting must be in the President's
hands not later than Sept. 11.
The University Summer Session pre-
sents "Bhaskar and Sasha," the well
(Continued on Page 4)

I

RYAN AND THE*NEWS:
Soviet Propaganda Unchanged

W ASHINGTON - Senator Rich-
ard Neuberger, Democrat of
Oregon, is all set to make an ex-
tremely important demand of Con-
gress-namely, the removal of to-
bacco as one of the six basic crops
entitled to government subsidy.
Neuberger will make this demand
on the ground that the public
health service has officially warned
that cigarettes induce lung can-
cer.
"Why, therefore," asks the Sena-
tor from Oregon, "should the
American taxpayers be subsidizing
a crop that contributes, to the
most terrible disease known to
man?"
"Eggs, oranges, apples, milk, and
meat are not included in the ba-
sic crops," Neuberger has pointed
out to close friends, "yet they are
health-producing crops. Now that
the Public Health Service, an of-
ficial arm of the government, has
spoken regarding cigarettes, I do
not see why another arm of the
same government should be spend-
ing money to spread disease."
FEW PEOPLE know it, but Neu-
berger is the man who prodded the
Public Health Service into taking
a stand dn cigarettes shortly after
the British Ministry of Health got
into action.
Note 1-The six basic crops en-
titled to government price supports
are wheat, rice, corn, peanuts, cot-
ton. and tobacco.
Note 2-Secretary of Agriculture
Benson will probably welcome Neu-
berger's move. A devout Mormon,
Benson does not believe in the use
of tobacco in any form. However,
it'h Congress, not he, who rules on
which shall be the six basic crops.
* * *
IF CONGRESS really wants to
to investigate the Girard case It
should take a look at the part
played by a certain energetic, op-
portunistic public relations man.
If it hadn't been for him, there
would have been no Girard case,
no special summons of the su-
preme court in mid-summer, and
no worsening Qf relations with Ja-
pan.
Significantly, other GI's have
been in trouble with foreign courts
at exactly the same time, but the
public hasn't cared too much about
them.
Airman Marion Musilli is in iaIl
in Athens, Greece, for killing Gen-
eral Sarefis, and the American
embassy has ruled that he should
be both tried in a Greek court
and kept in a Greek jail.
Army specialist DeWayne Mc-
Cosker is also in jail in France
charged with killing an Algerian
in a honky-tonk in an argument
over paying for American cigar-
ettes, which the GI was selling in
the black market.
IN NEITHER case is the Supreme
Court being summoned into spe-
cial session, nor have the secre-
taries of state and, defense been
hauled before Congress, nor have
their cases been discussed between
the President and the Prime Mini-
ster, as in the case of Girard.
For no public relations man
seized upon their case as pregant
with headlines.
The public relations man who
pounced on the Girard case and
represented him free is John DaY-
id Griffin, son of an even better
known public relations man, Wil-
liam Griffin, a leader of the Chris-
tian front, whose activities during
World War II caused him to be
indicted for sedition.
(Copyright 1957 by Bell Syndicate Inc.)

1#

t

'.

11

+

v

Civil Rights and the Voter

CURRENT political trends indicate that the
Negro voter is gradually shifting his loyal-
ties back to the party of Lincoln after an un-
satisfactory 20-year interlude with Democrats.
This political realignment seems a logical
result of the wholly inadequate record of the
Democrats in the area of civil rights.
The Democratic combination of seemingly
contradictory elements, Northern "liberals"
and Southern "dixiecrats," forged by Roose-
velt and held together by Truman, appears to
be falling into decay.
A new alliance, led by Vice-President Nixon,
minority Senate leader William Knowland and
liberal spokesman Senator Paul Douglas, and
made up of Northern Democrats and an al-
most solid front of Republicans, promises to
be successful in enacting legislation to better
the political status of the Negro.
Although the "new look" of the Republicans
on the civil rights issue may be attributed to
political expediency and their desire to cap-
ture a substantial portion of the supposedly
crucial Negro vote, it must be realized that
legislation -- once enacted - does not need
sincerity of intention in its formulation to be
effective.
Editorial Staff
VERNON NAHRGANG, Editor
JOHN FLILYER........................ Sports Editor
RENE GNAM. .........................Night Editor
131,ccsee af f

THIS NEW burst of "equalitarianism" on the
part of the GOP does not come easily. Re-
publicans, tending to come from upper income
strata, have little affinity with the needs and
problems of the predominantly lower-class Ne-
gro people.
In 1956, the party organization found, in
many instances, that it was difficult to make
an effective personal appeal to Negro voters.
Perhaps, if the GOP had been able to "prole-
tarianize" itself more, they might have been
more successful in their drive to recruit those
numerous Negro voters who were dissatisfied
with the Democrats, but who still clung to
depression-day loyalties to FDR.
Now, without a glamorous leader to perpetu-
ate their brief two-term tenure in the White
House, thie Republicans are literally "running
scared." They know that they must develop a
solid party philosophy based on current social
trends.
All this time, the cognizance of political re-
ality seems to have by-passed the Democratic
Party. It is still living in an illusion that the
"solid south," substantial portions of which de-
serted their party in 1952 and 1956, is essen-
tial to Democratic victory.
Actually, in all four Roosevelt victories, and
the single successful campaign of Truman, the
electoral votes of the South were not necessary
for Democratic triumph.
IT IS DIFFICULT, at this point, to determine
what exactly binds the Northern and South-
ern elements together in what almost seems to
be an illicit relationship.
If the Northern Democratic leaders honestly
believe that the continual coddling of South-I
ern hard-heads will result in a gradual democ-

SCREEN'S-EYE VIEW:
America's"Warbling Wonder Boys

1

By WILLIAM HAWES
Daily Television Writer
A FEW YEARS ago every young
boy wanted to grow up to be
President. Today I've no doubt
that same young fellow would
want to be one of America's sing-
ing idols, swooned over by teen-
age girls, gossiped about in news-
papers,-and the recipient of vast
sums of money. Best of all it's so
easy. Singing ability isn't neces-
sary. Neither is a knowledge of
music.
There are two kinds of enter-
tainers called "singers": those
who can sing and those who pri-
marily do something else while
singing. The chief characteristics
of the latter are a state of per-
petual motion (or the scenery or
somebody behind them is moving)
and a quavering voice.
Once singing consisted of words
and music; now it is only music,
usually loud and rhythmic. More-
over the performer, often in tight
pants, emphasizes his singing with
physical punctuations.
It's a misnomer to call this
group of moon-eyed squirmers
singers. They're warblers. Most of
them don't try to'sing. They spe-
cialize in a h.nn-rdut: romana

gan, a girl. She tried to warble
louder than the orchestra was
playing. This was impossible and
so was her singing.
Next Damone introduced Em-
mett Kelly - "the great clown in
a great, great act." Kelly panto-
mimed a tight rope walker which
I thought was pretty funny. Later
Damone quoted a lot of lovely
things about Mario Escudaro, a
guitarist, who stood in front of
Spanish-looking scenery wearing
Spanish-looking attire.
After his solo, Escudaro accom-
panied Damone who sang "A Ri-
vederci Roma." Fortunately Da-
mone did not dress up as an
Italian for this number. This was
his opportunity to do a splendid
job. His voice, however, sounded
shallow and thin. Maybe Damone
rehearsed too long and was tired,
or maybe there was mike trouble.
Whatever it was, the richness of
Damone's voice was completely
obscured.
The audience had little time to
think about it though because the
Spellbinders got all bound up in
that frantic bit of vocal nonsense,
"Little Darlin'."
As the climax of this conglom-
eration, Jimmy Dean and his.

devoted to the temple of song is'
Jimmy Dean (CBS-TV at 7 in the
morning-I haven't gotten up that
early yet), Georgia Gibbs (NBC-
TV), and The Julius La Rosa
Show (NBC-TV). Jimmy Dean
also has a Saturday evening flim
on CBS-TV.
I'm under the impression the
network is trying to make a big
new star out of Dean. Putting him
on film. isn't the way to do it.
Film made a very old star out of
Jackie Gleason. (P.S.: If, Dean
must -be on film, the least that
can be done is synchronize sound
and picture.)
NBC-TV has a series of 15 min-
ute programs at 6.30 p.m. daily
filled by prominent singers. On
Monday it's Georgia Gibbs. Miss
Gibbs' show is produced very sim-
ply. For instance, a shadow effect
and a few words introduced Tom-
my Leonetti. Leonetti is sched-
uled for Your Hit Parade this fall.
He will be a big improvement over
Snooky Lanson. Georgia Gibbs, on
the other hand, is not what I'd
call a TV personality. The inti-
macy of TV emphasizes every vo-
cal flaw, especially in the less
Boisterous numbers.

him) the show progressed smooth-
ly. Transitions were well inte-
grated. The Four Step Brothiers
breezed through their tap dancing
tricks; the Andrews Sisters sang
(La Rosa testified how friendly
they are despite being big stars);
and Lew Carter sang two hysteri-
cally funny songs: "Mabil" and "I
Got a Rose Between my Toes from
Walkin' Through the Hot House
to You."
NBC-TV was having problems
with sound transmission so I
didn't catch the name of a bar
tone who did a beautiful job sing-
ing "This Is My Beloved." The se-
quence had the finesse of grand
opera until Julie embraced the
performer at the end of his song.
I didn't object to cordiality be-
tween artists, but this was over-
doing it.
Donn Tannen, another new
face, did a funny and original
ventriloguist act. Well, after this
parade of refreshing routines and
lesser known faces, the program
was climaxed with a conservative-
ly designed production. number.
Half dozen dancers in raincoats
danced in the rain on a floor
which resembled a large pool. Ju-
luns La Rasa sannz "Startnv Weao

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