AND THE BUDGET
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Sixty-Six Years of Editorial Freedom
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VOL. LXVII, No. 16S
ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, WEDNESDAY, JULY 17, 1957
Keeps Probe Powers
WASHINGTON (P)--Voting as
a bloc, Democrats on the Senate
Banking Committee yesterday kill-
ed President Dwight D. Eisenhow-
er's plan to have a White House
commission study the nation's
Two committee Democrats
whose votes had been considered
doubtful, joined the other Demo-
crats in outvoting Republican
- The GOP members reportedly
had gotten personal appeals from
President Eisenhower to spur ac-
tion on the measure.
Democrats want to keep an in-
vestigation of money matters
strictly in the hands of the Demo-
cratic-controlled Senate Finance
Committee. (This group began its
public study two weeks ago.)
With "tight money" considered
a hot political issue, °the Demo-
crats. had no enthusiasm for let-
ting the administration appoint a
panel to investigate its own fiscal
- The rival plans for a fiscal study
have stirred bitter partisan de-
bate. The intensity of political1
feeling was demonstrated Monday
when Sen. Robert Kerr (D-Okla.),t
said on the Senate floor that Pres-
ident Eisenhower hasn't the brains
to understand federal fiscal prob-
Sen. Kerr was rebuked at the
time by Sen. H. E. Capehart of
Indiana, senior Banking Com-
mittee Republican and author of
the bill which the committee
The Capehart-Kerr dispute
raged on yesterday. E
Agconmission study of fiscal
policy first was proposed by Presi-
dent Eisenhower in his State of
the Union message in January.
Sen. Capehart's bill would have
permitted President Eisenhower to
name a nine-member study com-
mission without Senate confirma-
The commission Would have
been directed to report by Dec.
1, 1958, on the nature, perform-
ance and adequacy of existing fi-C
nancial institutions and monetaryc
t and financial measuresI
Civil Rights Jam
Votes 71-18 To Bring Measure
To Senate Floor; Battle Looms
WASHINGTON (RP)-The Senate voted 71 to 18 yesterday to
take up President Dwight D. Eisenhower's civil rights bill.
It was the signal for a bitter North-South fight that may last
Soon after the Senate decision, President Eisenhower issued a
statement expressing the hope that, in considering amendments, the
Senate "will keep the measure an effective piece of-legislation."
Specifically, President Eisenhower opposed the idea of guaran-
teeing jury trials in contempt of
By RENE GNAM
Burma is an individualistic na-
tion determined to remain neutral
in the present cold war.
By taking this course, Burma
hopes to further the cause of
world peace, U Win, Burmese Am-
bassador to the United States said
Fifth lecturer in the Univer-
sity summer session series "Asian
By JOHN WOODRUFF
Ann Arbor Human Relations
Commission last night initiated a
study of human relations prob-
lems in local housing matters and
agreed that "education" is the
most pressing long range problem
the commission faces.
In its first official action after
fornal organization, the commis-
sion appointed a three-member
committee to asseible all avail-
able information on housing prob-
Appointed by chairman Rev.
Henry Lewis were State Rep.
George W. Sallade, Mrs. Marion
Carr and Dr. Albert Wheeler.
The information, to be used as
a starting point in a study of
housing conditions, will be ob-
tained from such sources as City
Housing Commission and Ann Ar-
bor Family Service.
Dr. Wheeler emphasized that
housing is not the only problem
the commission intends to inves-
tigate. He pointed out that it
is the intent of the commission
not to devote its attention exclu-
sively to any one issue over a
period of time.
Dr. Wheeler submitted that
without education the commission
could "work for decades and be
merely boxing with shadows."
He went on to say that the
usual literature and communiques
are not the only means of teach-
ing at the disposal of the com-
In discussing procedure, Com-
missioner Richard Mann empha-
sized the basic factor in all pro-
cedural decisions should be crea-
tion of a body to which citizens
of the community may bring all
problems on human relations.
. . . cites Burmese cultures
Cultures and the Modern Ameri-
ca.," U Win spoke in Rackhaem
Lecture Hall. /
He indicated that Burma, a
country with many old traditions,
will hold her course of neutralism.
"The U.N.," he said, "is a good
mediator." U Win expressed hopes
that the nations of the world
would place increased and con-
tinued faith in the United Nations.
Main part of the lecture was
devoted to a thorough discussion
>f Buddhist influence on Bur-
He described Burma as a "so-
cial, democratic state and society
with universal suffrage and full
freedom of religion and civic
ights for all citizens."
Burma, the ambassador said,
respects "the integrity of our eth-
nic and religious variations in a
completely free and open society."
Educational Television and Ra-
tio Center yesterday grants total-
ng $42,513 to 10 institutions for
;he development of educational
The grants will be used to pro-
luce programs under the theme
America in the Twentieth Cen-'
ury" for broadcast over the tape
Network of the National Associa-
Jon of Educational Broadcasters.
court cases which grow out of th
4legislation. But Sen. Richard Rus
sell (D-Ga.), leader of souther
foes of the bill, said: "We ar
prepared to expend the greates
effort ever made in history t
prevent passage of this bill in it
As soon as the House-approve
measure reached the floor, Sen
Wayne Morse (D-Ore), moved tha
it be sent to the Judiciary Com
mittee for a week's study. Thi
motion was defeated, 54 to 35.
Then Sen. Clinton Anderson (D.
N.M.) promptly called up hi
amendment to strike out the con
troversial section 3 of the bill
which would give the attorne3
general new powers to seek federa
court injunctions for the enforce-
ment of all manner of civil rights
Violators of these injunction
could be jailed or fined by federal
judges for contempt without a
Sen. Anderson's amendmeni
thus became the pending matter
in the battle over the bill, and the
Senate recessed at 6:21 p.m. unti
noon today. 1
Now a determined band of
southern democrats led by Sen.
Russell is expected to filibuster for
weeks against the bill unless its
terms are softened greatly by
Almost all other legislative bus-
iness in the Senate will be sus-
pended until the civil rights issue
Sen. .illiam Knowland of Cali-
fornia, the Republican leader, said
this may take two months.
A coalition of 42 Republicans
and 29 Democrats joined forces to
bring the bill to the floor.
The 18 "no" votes came from
9 of the 11 southern states. The
senators from Tennessee and Tex-
as, including Majority Leader Sen.
Lyndon Johnson of Texas, voted
for consideration of the bill.
This indicated that in any at-
tempt to talk the bill to death the
opposition could depend on only
Sen. Estes Kefauver (D-Tenn.),
has served notice he will not sup-
port a filibuster, although he
wants the bill modified.,
President Eisenhower's state-
ment was put out while he was
playing golf in nearby Maryland.
James C. Hagerty, the White
House press secretary, said it had
been prepared in advance and fully
discussed with the President.
The chief executive said that
while details of the language are
.a legislative matter, he hoped the
bill's effectiveness would be pre-
served, to carry out its objectives.
He described an objective as:
"To protect the constitutional
right of all citizens to vote regard-
less of race or color."
He said another goal is:
"To provide a reasonable pro-.
gram of assistance in efforts to
protect other constitutional rights
of our citizens."
KNOXVILLE, Tenn. (')-A Bap-
tist minister gave a blow-by-blow
account in United States District
Court yesterday of how he got his
nose bloodied by a fellow towns-
man who taunted him with cries
of "nigger loving preacher" during
Clinton racial disorders last Dec. 4.
It was an oft-told tale, but the
Rev. Paul Turner recited it in
meticulous detail for the all-white
He named his assailant as Clyde
Cook, 36, an Oak Ridge plant
worker and a defendant in the
1 Clinton segregation trials.
The 34-year-old minister's testi-
mony marked a high spot of the
government's attempt to prove
tht 14 Tennesseans and northern
segregationist John Kasper con-
spired to violate an anti-violence
injunction at integrated Clinton
The government is expected to
wind up its case today.
The defense, with more than 80
witnesses uder subpoena, may
take the criminal contempt case
well into next week.
Turner's constant repitition of
the words "nigger lover" in de-
scribing how members of a mob
heckled him touched off volleys of
angry objections from the defense.
Turner, pastor of Clinton's First
Baptist Church, was attacked on
the town square and beaten after
escorting six Negro students to
the formerly all-white school.
Clinton High was the first state-
supported secondary school in
Tennessee to mix the races.
By CHARLOTTE DAVIS
Use of r h y t h m instruments
greatly facilitates early musical
training of the child,Mary Jarman
Nelson said in her lecture yester-
day on "The Magic of Creating
Music in Elementary Schools."
In her demonstration, she had,
members of the audience play dif-
ferent rhythms on toy instruments
to illustrate methods of stimulating
interest in young students.t
Mrs. Nelson is mu'sic consultant
in Winter Haven, Fla.t
Another technique in encour-
aging children to experiment with
music and get a feeling of rhythm,
she said, is to let the children do
interpretive dancing to songs. To
demonstrate this, Mrs. Nelson in-
vited members of the audience toA
Spine-Chiller 'Opens Today
REGINALD DENHAM-EDWARD PERCY SUSPENSE DRAMA - A faded old actress, thxee sisters
(two of them mentally unhinged), a scheming n'er-do-well and a pliable housemaid are thrown to-
gether in a dusty old house in 1880 -- London. Someone should get murdered - the setting de-
mands it. Someone does get murdered in "Ladies In Retirement" with Ted Heusel directing opening
at Ann Arbor Little Theater at 8:30 p.m. today. Leonora Fiske finds she can no longer stand the
two balmy sisters, Emily and Louisa Creed, in her house. She tells their sister Ellen to get rid of
them and there's a falling-out between the two. Murder. Feather, nephew of the sisters, senses crime,
smells blackmail money, looks for a body, dupes Lucy Gilham, the maid, into spying for him. Marian
Mercer, Ann Arbor's popular star, plays as Leonora; Russel Aiuto is Feather. (Both may be remem-
bered for fine performances in Little Theater's "Born Yesterday.") Mrs. Robert Hall plays Ellen
Creed's part. Gertrude Slack and Bette Ellis DeMain are her sisters. Helga Hover is Lucy Gilham.
Janice Bruckner as Sister Theresa is the play's narrator.
Armed Forces Decrease Approved
Plan To Aid
I Weapons To Protect
Allies Across Ocean
In Event of Attack
WASHINGTON -)-The United
States is considering setting up a
stockpile of atomic weapons for
Western European nations, Secre.
tary of State John Foster Dule
He said this would be "an act
of confidence which would
strengthen the fellowship of the
North Atlantic community."
He told a news conference a
study would show "within the next
few weeks perhaps" whether a
change in United States atomic
law would be needed.
"No definite conclusions have
been reached," Dulles said, re-
ferring to the whole idea.
He got on the subject when a
reporter questioned him about
America's disarmament negotia-
tions with Russia, Canada, Britain
The question was whether the
United States would, in connec-
tion with its disarmament propos-
als, make available nuclear ma-
terial and weapons to any western
nation agreeing to quit trying to
make its own atomic weapons.
"We are studying ways where-
by, through perhaps a NATO
stockpile of weapons and various
arrangements of that sort," Dulles
said, "there can be assurances to
our Allies that if they are at-
tacked, if war comes, that they
will not then be in the position
of suppliants, as far as we are
concerned, for the use of atomic
weapons," Dulles said.
He said he was not sure who
would own the stockpile-suggest-
ed it might be placed in the hands
of Gen. Lauris Norstad, American
commander of NATO military
By The Associated Press
NEW YORK - A Navy single
engine jet fighter flew coast to
coast at better than the speed of
sound yesterday to smash the Air
Force's transcontinental record,
Its top speed was over 1,000
DETROIT-An official of the
Jones and Laughlin Steel Corp.
said yesterday the decision to lo-
cate a new $16 million plant in
Ohio rather than Michigan could
be attributed directly to the tax
situation in Michigan.
Michael Schnurr, general mana-
ger of the company's stainless
steel division, said the present
Michigan tax picture and the out-
look for the near future are "not
at all encouraging. In Ohio it is
almost the reverse."
* * *
DETROIT-Walter P. Reuther
said yesterday the United Auto
Workers will continue to cooper-
ate with the Senate Rackets Com-
mittee although he believes the
Committee's decision to investigate
union political activities and sec-
ondary boycotts "is politically in-
THE HAGUE-The death toll of
a KLM Royal Dutch airliner that
plunged flaming into equatorial
sea ofnrt west New Guinea
was set last night at 57.
All hope was abandoned for the
other 56 persons aboard.
*, * *
WASHINGTON (P) - President
Dwight .D. Eisenhower yesterday
approved a 100,000-man cut in the
armed forces to be carried out
within the next six months.
Secretary of Defense' Charles E.
Wilson issued the reduction order
to the military services after re-
ceiving a White House okay to
carry out an economy move that
Two concerts are scheduled at
the University for this week.
At 8:30 p.m. today the Wood-
wind Quartet will present a pro-
gram at Rackham Lecture Hall.
The quintet consists of Florian
Mueller, oboeist; Clyde Carpen-
ter on French horn; Nelson
Hauenstein, flutist; Lewis Cooper,
bassoonist; Albert Luconi, clari-
netist, and featuring Lawrence
Teal, bass clarinetist.
At 7:30 p.m. tomorrow on the
diag, the University Band under
tht direction of Prof. William D.
Revelli of the Music School will
present a program with several
guest conductors from the Ninthl
Annual Band Directors' Cognfer-
The concert will be held in Hill
Auditorium in case of rain.
Wilson said will save approri-
mately $200 million.
The Army was ordered to ab-
sorb one-half the total cut from
its authorized strength of one mil-
The Navy's reduction quota was
15,000, the Marine Corps' 10,000
and the Air Force's 25,000.
The actual strength of the
artned forces on May 31, the last
compilation available, was 2,789,-
A Defense Department spokes-
man said it was his understanding
that the 100,000 cut was based
upon this year's authorized
strength of 2,800,000 uniformed
men and women.'The order would
thus mean an actual reduction of
89,642 from the latest known total
Wilson, in a "memorandum for
the President," said the reduc-
tions can be made "without ma-
terially affecting deployments of
major combat units abroad, in-
cluding those in Western Europe."
In a separate memorandum to
the service secretaries, Wilson
promised a thorough review of the
whole military manpower picture
in the fall.
And he said an additional re-
duction of 8,135 o f f i c e r s is
planned. He didn't fix a date for
lopping off these officers, nor did
he say whether aditional enlisted
men would be released at the
Of the 100,000 to be released,
Wilson specified that 11,865 be of-
ficers and the rest enlisted men.
The breakdown of reductions
ordered by Wilson was: Army, 44,-
470 enlisted men and 5,530 offi-
cers; Navy, 13,365 enlisted and
1,635 officers; Marine Corps, 9,-
100 enlisted and 900 officers, and
Air Force 21,200 enlisted and 3,-
Wilson noted that the officers
share was only 11,865. But he said
that in a second, later phase, 8,-
135 will be dropped.
MARY JARMAN NELSON
... demonstrates rhythms
dance on the stage and imperson-
ate trees in the wind and flowers
coming to life in the spring.
Mrs. Nelson, besides lecturing
on music education throughout the
nation, has written several books
for use iii elementary music in-
GLIMPSES OF ASIA:
Culture, Humor Well-Mixed in Burmese Night
- By FRED KATZ
"Music, Arts,.and Literature form the spirit of a nation; maybe
through that can we help reduce the tension of this atomic age."
Those were the introductory words of Mya Maung, master of
ceremonies of the "Glimpse of Burma" program last night at Rackham.
The overflow audience was delightfully entertained by Mya
Maung's keen sense of humor and Maung Hlaing, president of the
campus Burma Club, as they presented traditional dancing from their
homeland, and color slides of Rangoon and surrounding territory.
Honored guests of the evening were Burmese ambassador U Win,
his daughter and two sons.
Miss Win, first dancer on the program, exhibited the intricacies of
dozens of different movements of the Burmese dance.
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Prof. Harold M. Dorr yesterday
told the Third Annual Institute of
College Administration that the
University will "accept a full share
of responsibility, either in Ann
Arbor or out-state" to meet the
"tidal wave" of students expected
by 1970. -
But the Dean of Statewide Edu-
cation and Director of the Sum-
mer Session emphasized that
Michigan will not become involved
"in a policy of expansion which
threatens to supplant or to narrow
the education scope of existing in-
stitutions, either public or non-
There are no immediate plans
to expand the University beyond
the Flint and Dearborn centers,
but as a matter of policy it will
consider the establishment of
other branches, Prof. Dorr said.
Outstate expansion by the Uni-
versity would hinge on four con-
LANSING (A)-At the urging of
Gov. G. Mennen Williams, govern-
ing bodies of the nine state-sup-
ported colleges and universities
WASHINGTON - The Eisen-
hower administration told Con-
gress yesterday it hopes to save an
additional billion dollars by tak-
ing another look at plans for 1958
Budget Director Percival Brun-
dage told newsmen after the closed
session he had no idea at this time
just where the hoped-for savings
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