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July 02, 1957 - Image 2

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Michigan Daily, 1957-07-02

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Sixty-Seventh Year
EDmTED AND MANAGED i' SlTuDwTs ow rTH UNVsmTT Or MICHIGAN
UNDER AUTHOPiTT Or BoARD IN CONTROL Op STUDENT PUsuCATIONS
STUD'ENT PUSLCATIONS BLD. * ANN ARBOK, MIcH. * Pbon NO 2-3241

"Boys -Please -Are You Listening To Me?"

Washington

-WbOPU40MAn ft"

Today
and
Tomorrow
By WALTER LIPPMANN

Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers or
the editors. This oust be noted in all reprints.
TUESDAY, JULY 2,1957 NIGHT EDITOR: RENE ONAM
T elevision's Future
Not Coming Ar Closer
HE FUTURE of television, they said ten had from radio or, even more fully, from a
years ago, is unlimited. They said it five newspaper.
years ago, too, and they're still saying it, only The remainder of television's time is filled
now they aren't saying it quite so loudly -- with "entertainment". The soap operas, the
because TV's insipid day-to-day existence is variety shows, the quizzes and the like are all
droning them out. part of an annoying mixture of valueless trash.
There has been undeniable progress in the Watching television is like reading pulp maga-
television industry, of course, but what pro- zines - when you've finished you've accom-
gress there has been is technical and mechan- pushed nothing.
ical progress. Those morning and early after-
noon TV soap operas are the same as the old NDOUTEDLY there must be something
radio soap operas of thirty years ago - except humdrum about an operation with a day-
that now you can see them, reception is bet- -to-day existence - yet this humdrum exis-
ter, and screens are larger. ence can still have some value to it.
Material progress Just hasn't been - with What remains ignored by television are the
the possible'exception of a very few news and political - national and international-events,
special events coverages that represent one- also of a daily nature, but. of an importance
time happenings and not the daily TV sched- warranting around-the-clock television cover-
uleage. There have been no real efforts on the
part; of television toward moving cameras into
T ET.VISION'S uniqueness stems naturally Congress or the United Nations General As-
mitsvisual properties. Yet these pro- sembly. The latter has often been covered by
perties are the ones that are most continually radio - why not television?
ignored in program presentation. There would certainly be some amount of
Only recently have the news programs, for daily routine in such coverages, but the pos-
example, begun to take advantage of this. A sibility of something's happening at any time,
fifteen-minute newscast, in past years, has coupled with the realization that actual politi-
been composed of two to three minutes (at cal history is being watched, will draw viewers
the most) of newsfilm and eleven minutes of to the then educational medium.
aJ suited newscaster's sitting and staring the Television, however, Just hasn't been trying
viewer in the face and reading off the daily to accomplish anything more than keeping the
news. (The remaining minutes are the cor- masses happy - and buying from day to
mercial's.) day. Television may have a future, but at this
, Occasionally news programs hang a world rate it will never realize it.
map. behind the newscaster's head - but it's -VERNON NAHRGANG
Just for atmosphere. Obviously, all this can be Editor
Citizens' StudyN eeded
MICHIGAN Republicans seem at last to have -ALTHOUGH Rep. Conlin has said that he in-
found a strong issue in their fight against tends to call in a citizens' group when the
highly-popular Democratic Governor G. Men- legislators have finished, this would seem more
nen Williams. _ likely to result in precluding the Governor's
- That issue is the claim that Williams' tax calling of such a body than to give any true
policies are driving business out of the state. consideration to the problem at hand. It is
And Republicans appear determined to exploit doubtful that there will be much left of a co-
it to the fullest extent of its political useful- herent issue by the time the lawmakers have
Hess. had their go.
Ter n le.We would hardly presume to assign motives
There can be little question that the first to the actions of Michigan's legislators. There
great crisis has been reached in the pursuit appears little doubt, however, as to the pro-
of the unemployngent and relief program - a bable effect of the recently appointed commit-
program which is giving Michigan a position in tee: Little, if any, solution to the tax dilemma
labor matters comparable in many respects to is likely to b.e discovered And, unless the gov-
that of Wisconsin in political affairs in the ernor takes definitive steps of his own to re-
days of "Fighting Bob" LaFollette. solve the problem, it may well appear that no
While no really worthwhile quantitative solution exists.
evaluation can be made, there is no denying Perhaps some will even find it possible to
that many businesses are doing their build- conclude that Michigan's unemployment com-
ing outside the state as a result of Michigan's pensation system, the purpose for which. the
heavier taxes. taxes were, for the most part, originally levied
and a program in which Michigan's citizens
AT THE SAME TIME, the political uses be- have every right to take great pride, is itself
ing made of the problem in Lansing are un- at fault.
likely to solve anything and may well give a -JOHN WOODRUFF
severe setback to Michigan's promising liber-
alsm Health Insurance Plan
The Governor has gone on record as favor-
ing a "blue ribbon" citizens' study of the type aj or SGC Achievement
that has virtually solved similar problems in
Minnesota under Governor Orville L. Freeman. STUDENT' GOVERNMENT Council must be
The initiative for establishing such a commit- Scomplimented for having successfully com-
tee, however, rests with the Chief Execiftive, pleted one of its important long-range projects.
and it may prove highly unfortunate for his Last week's announcement of a voluntary
program that he has failed to take such a step. student health insurance plan to be put into
As a result of his hesitance, he has been at effect next fall saw the accomplishment of a
least temproarily outmaneuvered by the Re- need many SGC members have seen since ear
publican Legislature, which has chosen to ap- ly this year.
point a bi-partisan House committee under Controversial only for a brief time as to
the chair of Rep. Rollo D. Conlin (Tipton Re- whether or not it should be compulsory -or
publican) and composed of the very legisla- voluntary, the program has fortunately avoided
tors who.have indulged in so great and useless many political entanglements that other of
bickering over the subject through the last SGC's undertakings have not been so success-
few weeks. ful in eluding.

While the intentions of the committee mem- The program is indeed one of the major ac-
bers may well be the very highest, there is complishments of both SGC's Education and
little real reason to believe these men will be Social Welfare Committee and its chief spokes-
inclined to forget the quarrels in which they man, SGC member Scott Chrysler, who is ap-
are now engrossed. What is more probable is parently not letting the summer interfere with
that the hearing table will become a rostrutn Council work that needs to be done.
from which each can get in his political licks. --VERNON NAHRGANG
il

"ANYONE coming.from Europe",
said Lady Barbara Ward Jack-
son at the Harvard Commence-
ment, "must candidly. report that
distaste for the Atlantic Associa-
tion is widely expressed...the dis-
trust, the envy, the fear of Ameri-
can power and competition -
which are inevitable given the na-
tion's relative strengths-are now
unchecked by any opposite sense
of working with America to
achieve any legal purpose and of
experiencing first-hand the en-
ergy, the vitality, and the imagi-
nation which America can bring
to any high task it proposes to
itself.
The high task, which Lady
Jackson had in mind, would be
one like the Marshall Plan ten
years ago, in which a free coali-
tion of nations would unite "in
time of peace to achieve some
great and constructive aim."
Reading her sensitive and elo-
quent words, I find myself won-
dering what has happened in
these ten years, why it is that
Western nations are no longer
united in some great, overriding,
common enterprise. Have the peo-
ple and their leaders deteriorated,
and are they less high-minded
and farseeing and bold than they
were when they came together in
the Marshall Plan? Or have con-
ditions changed, and are the
Western nations confronted with
problems which are very differ-
ent indeed from those which they
dealt with ten years ago?
* * *
THE MARSHALL Plan was ad-
dressed to the recovery of Western
Europe from the damage and the
dislocation of the war. All the na-
tions participating in it, includ-
ing the United States which fi-
nanced the dollar requirements,
were jointly and severally, as a
community and as separate na-
tions, vitally interested in making
the plan a success.
In Europe, the failure of the
plan would have meant great
misery, and in more than one na-
tion social upheaval and perhaps
civil war. For the United States,
the failure of the plan might well
have meant the loss of its best
friends and allies.
The Atlantic nations were, as
Lady Jackson put it, working with
America to achieve a large pur-
pose. But that large purpose was
the rescue and the salvation of
the Atlantic nations themselves,
and their vital interests were di-
rectly engaged. What, we must
ask ourselves, is the large purpose
today which might unite them
once more in "some great and
constructive aim"?
Y * 0
BY WAY OF answering this
question, Lady Jackson made
three suggestions. One would be
to develop a low tariff area for
the Atlantic community as a
whole. A second would be to fi-
nance the foreign exchange re-
quirements of the Indian Five-
Year Plan in order to prove, by
contrast with China, that it is
possible in Asia to develop a coun-
try without the totalitarian com-
pulsion. A third suggestion was
that the Western nations partici-
pate in the development of West
Africa, which is within sight of
national independence.
For myself, all these proposals
seem to be excellent. But I can-
not believe that lower tariffs or
the financing of India or West
Africa can generate in the West-
ern World anything like the sense
of high common enterprise which
existed in the great days of the
Marshall Plan.
CAN ANYTHING develop it to-
day? Or is the Western world
spellbound by the great boom that
now prevails almost everywhere?
Ten years ago it was a vital ne-
cessity that Western Europe

should recover, and it was that
necessity which inspired and ani-
mated the common enterprise of
the Marshall Plan.
Is there today any similar ne-
cessity, one which is central,
which engages all the Atlantic
nations jointly and severally,
which catches the vital interests
of the masses of the people?
I think there is.hIt grows out of
the race of armaments which is
fast becoming a critical problem
not only in international affairs
but in the internal affairs of all
the military powers. The great
dispute over our own budget is
really about the effects of our
civilian life of the enormous and
the mounting costs of armaments.
In all Western countries public
life is dominated by the same is-
sue of military versus private and
public spending.
* * *
WE NEED have no Illusions
about the difficulty of coming to
an agreement among ourselves
and with Russia which would lim-
it and stabilize the competition
in armaments. But this is the cen-
tral and overriding task today as
was the recovery of Western Eur-

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By DREW PEARSON

Merry-
Go.
[found

tV
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AT THE CAMPUS:
'Vintage' Not Very Tasty Mixture

s ; ,.

WASHINGToN - It was partly
bad luck, partly inexcusable
political ineptitude which led to
the tragically deep cuts in the
Voice of America-U.S. Inforna-
tion Program.
If U.S. Information Director
Arthur Larson, Republican, hadn't
made speeches in Hawaii, and If
Congressman Abe Multer of Brook-
lyn, Democrat, hadn't taken a trip
to Hawaii to hear about those
speeches, the cuts wouldn't have
happened.
Larson, architect of "modern
Republicanism," went to Hawaii
for a series of GOP fund-raising
:sinners.
En route by plane he wrote his
speech, attacking the new deal as
"inspired by alien philosophies
imported from Europe."
Multer flew to Hawaii to report
on small business disaster loans
following the tidal wave, was
amazed to be met at the airport
by a crowd of newsmen. Ordinarily
newsmen aren't interested in small
business.
They told him about Larson's
speech at the Hawaiian Village
Hotel in Honolulu.
"I think the head of USIA ought
to be spreading information in for-
eign countries about the operation
of cur country," commented Mul-
ter, "rather than preaching poli-
tics within the confines of our
country."
Three days after his arrival in
Honolulu, Multer flew to the island
of Hilo. Again reporters met him
at the airport.
"Will you comment on the
speech Mr. Larson of USIA just
made here?" asked the reporters.
"What, another speech?" asked~
the Brooklyn congressman.
Larson, he found, had made not
one speech, but two speeches, at-
tacking the Democrats.
THE FOLLOWING Monday Mul-
ter flew to Kauai Island, and for
the third time he was met by re-
porters. Again he was asked for
comment on a speech Larson had
just made on Kauai.
By this time, Multer was steam-
ing mad. But he really blew his
stack when he returned to Wash-
ington. There he learned that
Larson, during a National Press
Club speech, had spoken of havirg
given up political activity when he
took over USIA in January 1957.
Next day Multer rose on the
floor of the House, reported to his
fellow members about Larson's ac-
tivity in Hawaii in behalf of
"Modern Republicanism."
"Obviously," said Multer, "The
United States Information Agency
is now the repository for 'grand
old partisan' misinformation."
When Democratic members of
congress heard - about Larson's
Hawaii speeches, the USIA budget
was doomed.
Note-If Multer had not decided
to check on small business loans
in Hawaii during the Easter recess
of Congress, Larson's speeches
would have gone unnoticed.
WHITE HOUSE aide Gabriel
Hague, who wrote some of the
President's budget speeches, tried
them out in advance on his own
audiences. The material that went
over in his speeches he later in-
corporated into the President's
speeches.
(Copyright 1957 by Bell syndicate Inc.)

I

"THE VINTAGE", now playing
at the Campus, is about four
pleasant peasants (Mel Ferrer,
Pier Angeli, John Kerr and Mi-
chele Morgan) who live in the
south of France. Occasionally
they make wine and then on other
occasions they make love.
The plot goes something like
this: Two Italian brothers (Fer-
rer, Kerr) flee to France because
Kerr in an innocent act of chi-
valry killed a husband beating his
wife in a cafe. Kerr seems about
as innocent as he can be and yet
be guilty.
Well, just as luck would have it,
these guys find work on a farm
where Angeli and Morgan live.
The moment they meet, they pair
off.
This is expressed very subtly.
In fact, there is little dialogue.
Instead there are "looks" and mu-
sic - Kerr looks at Morgan, Mor-
gan looks at Kerr, then music
gushes forth drenching the couple
in ecstacy. And so it goes for Fer-
rer and Angeli too.
Morgan, however, happens to be
married; therefore her husband,
who has been neglecting her late-
ly, is the bad guy.
That's essentially it. The music
crescendos and fades away for
over an hour as they pick grapes,
dodge police, and make love. Fi-
nally, Kerr's doting passes at Mor-
gan convince her husband to pay
more attention to her; and so he
does.
Meanwhile almost everybody
tries to help this good-looking,
young fellow escape the police.

Alas, however, the police kilt him
anyway. This proves, I guess, that
chivalry is dead and implies that
the police are really badmen after
all.
* * *
THE PLOT is typical, tiresome
fare. At times it dips into some
promising ideas but never devel-
ops them. For example, a hail
storm threatens the crop, which
is the life blood of these farmers.
I thought this presented a real
problem, but after the first ten
minutes of the movie the storm
disappeared and was never heard
from again.
Then too, Ferrer tells Angell
that she doesn't love him, that
she only wants to break away
from the routine of her rural life.
He assures her life in the city is
ordinary, too. Nevertheless, she
claims she loves him and that
ends that.
Kerr's slovenly diction mixed
with Angeli's Italian accent, Mor-
gan's French, and Ferrer's Eng-
lish, together with the wandering
Spaniards, gives the film an in-
ternational tourist-like flavor. It's
unfortunate so many talented
people are asked to do so little.
THE MOVIE made successful
attempts, though, at portraying
the zestful spirit of a group of
Spanish workmen whose singing
and other antics provided .comic
relief between crescendos.
For the record, Metrocolor looks
like Technicolor. The production
is also in CinemaScope but I can't
imagine why, inasmuch as there

i* little necessity for panoramic
views.
Not so incidently, the comedy
ab.out Foghorn Leghorn and his
back-slapping, athletic school
chum, Rhode Island Red, is an
old one.I
-William Hawes
DAILY
IOFFICIAL
BULLETIN
The Daily Official Bulletin is an
official publication of the University
of Michigan for which the Michi-
gan Daily assumes no editorial re-
sponsibility. Notices should be sent
in TYPEWRITTEN form to Room
3519 Administration= Building, be-
fore 2 p.m. the day preceding
publication. Notices for Sunday
Daily due at 2:00 p.m. Friday.
TUESDAY, JULY 2, 1957
VOL. LXVIII, NO. 6
General Notices
The General Library and all Divi-
sional Libraries will close at 6:00 p.m.,
Wed., July 3, and will be closed all
day Thurs., July 4, a University holi-
day.
Women's Hours: All women students
will have a 12:30 a.nm. permission on
Thurs. night, July 4.
Automatic Late Permission: All wo-
men students may take three automat-
ic late permissions during the Sum-
mer Session.
voice Lessons: There is an opportu-
nity for a limited number of persons
(Continued on Page 4)

'DIFFERENTIAL' AND DISAGREEMENT:

14,

The Problem of Trade with Red China

I

SATE" ^Y, June 29, was a red-letter day
in Ann. Arbor. On that fateful day, the
Ann Arbor police department first began us-
ing its new "Mail-In" traffic tickets.
No longer must motorists use their own
stamps and valuable envelopes for the sordid
purpose of mailing fines to the traffic bureau.
A thrilling new style of traffic ticket, developed
after years of painstaking research, occupying
the full time of over a dozen doctoral candi-
dates in sociology, makes it possible, for the
Editorial Staff'
VERNON NAHROANO. Editor
JOHN Hf1YER ......Sports Editor
RENE GNAM .....................Night Editor
Business Staff

first time in this city, for parking violators
to pay fines postage-free.
The new tickets have little pouches, like
underfed kangaroos, in which the wicked over-
time parker can slip his money. Then there
is a big blank where he can sign his "X", and
a tastefully-gummed flap for sealing up the
whole mess.
The tickets are already addressed to the
bureau, and even stamped. Officials have said
that comments from local residents about the
ticket change would be welcomed.
THIS SHOULD quickly divide local residents
into two classes: those with garages and
those without garages. The people who have
garages, or fabulously expensive parking stick-
ers, probably won't care much either way.
But those of us who must play the hide-and-
seek parking game with America's most effi-
cient violation spotters wish the same effort
had been used to declassify some of the big.

By RELMAN MORIN
WASHINGTON (M)-The China
mainland groans under the
burden of feeding 600 million
people.
Most of them work the land.
They farm with wooden ploughs,
primitive fertilizers, and the water-
wheel. All but a few are bitterly
poor.
Moreover, the population is con-
stantly increasing, an estimated 12
to 13 million more births than
deaths per year.
How will Red China support its
multiplying millions?
This is the great problem-ever
more food and jobs--that the
Communists. must solve. It is po-
tentially the most dangerous of
all their problems.
And this is the crux of the de-
bate in the Free World today over
the move to ease controls on trade
with Peiping.
BRITAIN and West Germany
have announced that they intend
to broaden the base of their ex-
ports to Red China. Other major
trading nations may follow.
The United States so far is hold-
ing fast to the total embargo on
trade with the Reds. But there is
talk in Washington about a shift
in American policy.
The Senate Committee on Inter-
state and Foreign Commerce is
preparing to review all the pros
and cons of the question. It has

By contrast, the British feel
that the ebargo has not seriously
hurt the Communist program in
China, and that ending it will not
materially assist them to solve the
perennial problem of want.
* * *
HOWEVER, a highly placed
State Department officer said in
an interview:
"The Chinese Communists are
in terrible shape.
"At Geneva, the very first thing
they asked was that the American
embargo be lifted. Why? Because,
to build factories and industry,
they need things that they can't
get in quantity anywhere but in
the free world.
"In short, our policy is just be-
ginning to pay off. It's too bad
if any government eases up on the
Chinese at this point."
He said some important British
officials, on the basis of late in-
formation from China, have come
around to the same point of view.
The officer declined to be identi-
fied. He said he did not wish to
disagree publicly with President
Eisenhower,
* *
THE BACKGROUND of the
"differential" is this:
In December, 1950, after Peiping
sent 'volunteers" into the Korean
War, the United States clamped
the lid on all exports to China,
regardless of the nature of the

THE PATTERN of this trade is
highly illuminating.
One item keeps reappearing as
a major import -- fertilizer. The
Reds are buying it in' quantity
from at least seven Free World
sources. Along with chemicals, it
amounted to nearly 40 per cent
of Japan's 67 million dollars in ex-
ports to Red China last year.
Is this a reflection of the Com-
munists' desperate need to pro-
duce more food? A sign of the
race against time for Chinese re-
gimes?
In one month alone, Hong Kong
police caught smugglers with high-
speed cutting tools, auto brake
plates, ball bearings, smoked rub-
ber, steef plates, 78 tons of tin
plate, copper tubing, 2,712 pounds
of iron cuttings, 1,750 large bottles
of ecetic acid, three trucks, and
1,195 volt meters-among other
things.
This illicit trade-far more ex-
pensive and usually small in quan-
tity-shows how badly the Reds
need such items, American officials
argue.
* * *
THE SOVIETS are under a dif-
ferent control system, adminis-
tered by the Western nations. That
is, the Russians are permitted to
buy many items that Red China
can't buy. This is the so-called
"China differential."
Last May 30, Britain announced

country buy items that China
can't buy.
* * *
THAT IS one argument for ap-
plying the same trade controls to
Peiping as are applied to the So-
viet bloc. Here are some others:
1. That commercial intercourse
with the West may tend to draw
the Chinese Reds further away
from Russia by weakening their
dependence on the Soviets.
2. That the present control -ys-
tem may delay the Chinese five-
year plans for building industry,
but can't halt it entirely.
3. That nations such as Britain,
Japan and West Germany are far
more dependent than the United
States on an export trade and
mutt find new markets wherever
they can.
* * *
AND HERE are some arguments
American officials advance for
continuing the "differential."
1. That Peiping is tied to Mos-
cow both by ideology and eco-
nomics - about 80 per cent of
China's trade today is with the
Soviet bloc and that these bonds
are not likely to be loosened by
trade.
2. That any change in relations
with the Reds will tend to throw
the 12 million Chinese who live
outside metropolitan China not in-
cluding those in Formosa, closer
to Peiping because it will be seen
as a step toward world recogni-

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