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June 28, 1957 - Image 2

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Michigan Daily, 1957-06-28

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A

m $tjigatt lai
Sixty-Seventh Year
EDITED AND MANAGED BY STUDENTS OF THE UNIVERSTY OP MICHIGAN
UNDER AUTHORITY OF BOARD IN CONTROL OF STUDENT PUBLICATIONS
STUDENT PUBLICATIONS BLDG. * ANN ARBOR, MICH. * Phone NO 2-3241

RYAN:
Refugees
Present

I

"What Happened to That Plan for a House of Brick?"

"Wtken COp~zviows* Aie f
Truth w DPr"Wi

Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers or
the editors. This must be noted in all refprints.
FRIDAY, JUNE 28, 1957 NIGHT EDITOR: RENE GNAM

Usual Silent Unconcern
Greets. Davis Verdict

CHANDLER DAVIS, the former University
mathematics instructor who refused to "co-
opef ate" with a House Un-American Activities
subcommittee in 1954, has been found guilty of
contempt of Congress - with little evidence of
concern on anyone's part. I
Even the recent and current series of Su-
preme Court decisions concerning the Watkins
and other cases, which bear many similarities
to Davis' case, have been relatively ignored
in the long run.
What discussion there has been of the high
court's decisions has been limited to their con-
sequence in terms of the court's position and
influence in the United States. The politicians
are more worried about the court's having too
much power than they are concerned with the
personal rights' arguments involved.
These arguments, however, are interesting
and important ones, both for the individuals
involved and for the guarantees of free speech
Americans enjoy under the Constitution.
DAVIS, unlike the so-called "Fifth Amend-
ment Communists", invoked the First
Amendment in refusing to answer questions of
the Un-American Activities subcommittee con-
cerning his political activities.
His case, actually an attack against that
committee, has sought to prove that a commit-
tee of Congress setting out to expose and publi-
cize political ideas of individuals is actually
violating the First Amendment and thereby
losing its validity as a committee of Congress.
Apparently, however, the United States gov-

ernment, through its representative, Circuit
Court Judge W. Wallace Kent, does not accept
Davis' argument, as evidenced in Wednesday's
decision.
But this remains the only discussion, the
only argument of the case - between Davis
and the government. The public, the campus,
everyone else remains anything but the con-
cerned and outspoken citizens they should be.
SHISin turn, is most surprising because of
the reception which the events of the 1954
hearings met on campus. For most of the month
of May there was great activity and expres-
sion of opinion - at least relatively so for this
campus.
Now that the actual news happenings are
far in the past and all the glamor of the hear-
ings has faded, the University campus has for-
gotten all about Davis and his argument; the
campus has obviously little capacity for thought
on the subject.
Perhaps it is a result of the McCarthy scare
-perhaps no one dares open his mouth for
fear someone will criticize or, of all dire things,
remember something that might be said. And
yet they call this a University community, a
place of higher learning.
Right or, as the government decided, wrong,
Davis' argument deserves discussion on a high-
er level of meaning than the sensation given
the 1954 hearings and the concern now alto-
gether lacking.
-VERNON NAHRGANG
Editor

Education's Goals Need Revision

WHAT ARE THE goals of modern educa-
tion?
Is a student taught to be aware of problems
worldwide in scope, or is he merely trained to
be a specialist with little or no concern for
global, or even national, affairs?
Does a student geteducation of the sort that
will enable him to cope with international and
national problems, or will he be the baseball
fan mechanic whose only concern is how the
Tigers fared in yesterday's game?
And, if the student somehow survives mod-
ern educational methods and comes out with
an awareness of major problems, will he be
willing to do anything about them? Will he
have gained initiative, stimulation, a want-to-
do-it attitude?
'hiese are only some of the questions Oliver
J. Caldwell, assistant commissioner for in-
ternational education of the United States De-
partment of Health, Education and Welfare,
proposed at -yesterday's opening lecture of the
"Asian Cultures and the Modern American"
series.
Caldwell rightly said that education must
change its viewpoint. Rather than train a stu-
dent solely to be a specialist, it must prepare
him to take responsibility in the field of in-
ternational relations.
CALDWELL'S talk points up an interesting
and important problem. Nations of the
world are becoming increasingly interdepend-
ent. They need each other, must have each
other's resources, materials, technicians and
know-how in order to survive.
But this interdependence is knifed in the
back by poor international relations, muddling
foreign diplomats, unconcerned soldiers in for-
eign ports and foolishly-passed laws restricting
foreign travel. These darts must be plucked
before the nations of the world will be able to
co-exist peacefully and interdependently.
Caldwell suggested that education is the doc-
tor. Education, he indicated, will teach people
to get along together amicably, to respect the
desires, the individual feelings, the strong and
the not-so-strong beliefs of others. He said edu-
cation would be able to help greatly in the
battle against discrimination.

Well, we don't know whethei education will
be able to do all Caldwell seems to think it will.
But this we do know: It is unestimably better
to attempt to accomplish our objectives -in
world peace through education, than it would
ever be through force.
We would also believe that, as Caldwell re-
peatedly emphasized, American educational
goals are horribly limited. The student major-
ing in mathematics, for instance, learns only
math and seldom if ever elects courses involv-
ing studies of human nature, human relations,
international problems.
Even education majors, the future teachers
of America's youth, lack a general awareness.
A few sociology courses, a course or two in
psychology, the required language curriculum,
and several courses telling them how to instruct
--these courses they take. How about political
science courses dealing with governmental
problems? How about the field of economics?
Why not a few courses in business and person-
nel administration?
Is it that college programs are too crowded
with required courses giving the student no
time for elections? Not entirely, for some stu-
dents having the time do not elect courses
which could give, them an insight into interna-
tional understanding.
THE SOLUTION, it seems, is that courses
in international problems and foreign re-
lations, in psychology and sociology, in politi-
cal science and history, and in journalism,
should be required for all students.
The student need not take many courses in
each department, but if taught with the pro-
per perspective - not necessarily to tell the
student about other courses in the department
as so many survey courses do, but to give him
an insight into the problems encountered in
the field - there would be less rebellion, and
the student would be given the scope Caldwell
recommends.
Yes, Oliver Caldwell, American education is
failing to prepare youth to understand and cope
with international problems. Let's hope that
American education will widen its goals.
-RENE GNAM

D ilemma
By WILLIAM L. RYAN
Associated Press Foreign News Analyst
United Statse policy faces a
monumental dilemma in attempts
to resolve a problem in the way
of peace and stability in the Mid-
dle East - the refugee question.
If ever there was a time to aat-
tack the problem of a million-odd
refugees from Israeli Palestine,
that time is now. If it is not at-
tacked soon, with determination,
the opportunity may be gone for
a long time.
The dilemma is posed by
Egypt's President Nasser. The
refugee question cannot be solved
without his cooperation.
Already Egyptian propaganda,
probably spurred by the fear that
some measures may be attempted
without consulting Nasser, has
loosed a torrent of abuse against
the West, pitched to the refugee
situation.
In order to attack the problem
at all, the West has the unpleasant
prospect of finding, once again,
some way of appeasing Nasser.
Yet if it does this, it once again
will be playing into his hands,
building up his prestige even more
* among Arab masses.
Behind the new hones for a way
out is one outstanding fact: the
rulers of Arab nations outside the
Egypt-Syria axis have rea.serted
their leadership.
These rulers, particularly in Jor-
dan and Iraq, have a life-and-
death interest in bringing about
some sort of solution to the prob-
lem.
Nasser himself may have an in-
terest in settling the problem and
permitting a Middle East stability
sufficient to permit him to build
Egypt economically and crawl off
his dangerous limb of Soviet in-
volvement.
Arab opinion is a shifting, elu-
sive thing which can be changed
rapidly, if a man with the prestige
of Nasser attempts it.
If Nasser could be persuaded
that solution of the refugee prob-
lem is in his own best interest.
a way out might be found.
Unless Nasser can be placed in
the light of leading a way to a
solution, Egypt and Syria likly
will go all out to torpedo any at-
tempts to tackle the problem.
PRESIDENT:
Formosa
Rioting
(Editor's Note: Following is a state-
ment by Thomas w. 1. Liao, exiled
president of the proisional govern-
ment of Formosa, concerning recent
anti-American demonstrations on
Formosa. Liao obtained a master's
degree in chemical engineering here
in 1933.)
By THOMAS W. I. LIAO
TOKYO - It is sorry indeed to
have the unfortunate incident
of Anti-American demonstartion
in Formosa May 24.
On behalf of the Formosans, I
have to make it clear that it was
engineered by Chinese Nationalist
officials from the China continent.
As evidence, Chinese policemen,
gendarmes and fire brigades stood
by in trucks without taking action
to prevent the mob's invading the
American embassy, turning it into
a shambles, burning American
cars and trucks parked in the em-
bassy motor pool and ripping down
an American flag and hoisting the
Chinese Nationalist flag in its
place.
The Ta Hwa Evening News,

Chiang Ching-kou's paper, had
published that morning an article
instigating the people with a
statement that ten-billion-dollar
United States aid could not patch
up Chinese anti-American senti-
ment.
* * *
I WANT to state herewith that
Ino Formosan particapated in the
demonstration and riot, for which
I had instructed them previously.
WeFormosans are grateful to
United States economic aid as well
as mi.itary protection of the island
from the Chinese Communists and
invaston.
Chinese Communists had im-
medlately broadcast from Peiking
that the people of Formosa had
stood up to fight the "American
Imperialism," etc., for which I
have also ordered our people to
watch out for-for Chinese Com-
munist sneakly Instigation - and
to cooperate with the United
States to protect the island from
falling into the hands of the
Chinese Communists.
* * *
I DO NOT want to predict the
outcome of the incident, but at
least I want to state that For-
mosans were not responsible for
it. On the other hand, they are

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AT LITTLE THEATER:
'Born Yesterd ay Begins Season

THE LITTLE THEATER, a new
summer stock company, has
opened its first season with a pro-
duction of Garson Kanin's play
"Born Yesterday" at (appropri-
ately enough) the Little Theater
of Ann Arbor High School.
"Born Yesterday" was a surpris-
ingly popular play in New York,
certainly not because of the play
itself, which is a collection of all
the dumb-blond and rich-slob rou-
tines boiled down to three acts.
But actress Judy Holliday some-
how turned the play into a great
success, and it has achieved a
fame not entirely deserved.
Briefly, this is the story of a
rich and vulgar junk tycoon,
Harry Brock, his blond chorus girl
playmate Billie Dawn, his lawyer,
hired Senator, and a bright but
honest newsman hired to teach
Billie right from wrong and other
intellectual pastimes.
The humor is derived from
Billie's gay and uninhibited dia-
logue, Brock's crude practical phi-
losophy and the pompous Senator.
Paul Verrall, the newsman, even-
tually shows Billie the moral and
ethical code; she renounces her
life of sin, and they run off to-
gether to study.
* * *
MARIAN MERCER, as Billie
Dawn, is in fine fettle. If the role
does not make the most of her
talents, she makes the most of the
role.
Robert Logan (Brock) is loud
and convincing. Logan and Mer-
cer, together on stage, are excel-
lent. One scene, at the end of Act
I, when they play a supercharged
card game, is easily the best in
the play.
But when Logan and Mercer
are joined by the other members
of the cast, the effect is sometimes
depressing, often tragic.
Russ Aiuto (the newsman) is
generally adequate, but cannot
quite convey the impression thart
he is well-suited to the role of a,
sincere young idealist. Not idealis-
tic enough.
Alger Crandall (the Senator)

could have underplayed this role
slightly to better effect. He was
just too much of the old windbag
to be realistic although this exag-
geration did lend itself to occa-
sional moments of comedy.
G. Davis Sellards (the lawyer)
portrays a once-famous lawyer,
now dishonest and alcoholic, but
misses many of the lines he was
given and sometimes distorts the
others with unfortunate results.
Others in the cast were ade-
quate; Robert Cottingham (Brock's
brother) was amusing in a bit
part as Brock's flunky.
* * *
THE SET bore the distinctive
imprint of Robert Maitland. Two
huge drawings on either side of
the stage were vaguely suggestive

of a hideously ornate room; a
grotesque chandelier precariously
hanging over the set was just
about the most incredible object
that could be imagined.
Also apparent was the charac-
teristic imprint of director Ted
Heusel who, it seems, can always
get a good performance out of his
stars, and then squeeze what he
can out of everyone else.
* s *
NOW THAT the Saline summer
theatre is no longer" operating, it
is fortunate that Mr. Heusel and
his players will provide this area
with summer entertainment. It is
hoped that the Little Theater will
improve with age for it fills a
significant gap in the local scene.
-David Kessel ,

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Washington
Merry=m
Mound
By DREW PEARSON
WASHINGTON - Government
scientists who tried to circu-
late a petition against continued
H-bomb tests suddenly found their
constitutional right of free peti-
tion yanked from under them at
the National Institutes of Health
last week.
About half the scientsts and
medical experts at the Health In-
stitutes, a government agency at
Bethesda. Md. had signed the
petition when suddenly Dr. Fran-
cis Arnold, a dentist working with
the Institute of Dental Research,
seized it.
He refused to return the peti-
tion on the ground that it was be-
ing circulated on government pro-
perty and on government time.
This aroused a terrific back-
stage furore at the Health Insti-
tutes, where many scientists have
seen how strontium 90 in H-bomb
fall-out increases leukemia and
other forms of cancer.
Many doctors also felt strongly
regarding the Eisenhower position
taken last fall against Adlai Ste-
venson's proposal to ban H-bomb
tests-if Russia would agree.
Dr. Arnold was not available for
comment. However, Dr. James A.
Shannon. director of the National
Health Institutes, confirmed the
fact that the petition had been
confiscated by Dr. Arnold and
that it had not been returned.
He said he had supported Dr.
Arnold's confiscation of the pe-
ion because government scientists
scientists should not be allowed
to circulate a political petition.
Asked whether scientists lost the
power of engaging in politics mere-
ly because they worked for the
government. Dr. Shannon re-
treated somewhat.
He said he was in a delicate po-
sition, but that he would return
the petition to the scientists if they
agreed to circulate it only in their
homes and no on government pro-
perty.
Dr. Shannon did not mention
the Eisenhower-Stevenson debate
last fall regarding the banning of
H-bomb tests.
* * *
THE CIVIL Aeronautics Board,
which decides who shall operate
which prize air routes, has been
conducting an investigation of
"leaks."
It should. Priceless tips on new
air routes have been leaking to
the stock market.
Simultaneously, the CAB has
been suppressing certain secret
documents, some of which the
public has a right to read. One
such document has just come into
my hands, and I intend to pub-
lish r,1rt> of it.
It pertains to alleged wire-pull-
ing with the Mexican government
by Pan American Airways to keep
other American airlines out of
Mexico.
This document is stamped "con-
fidential," and the CAB issued a.
specia lsecrecy order, No. E-11109,
March 11, 1957, stating that this
document "shall be segregated
from the public record and with-
held from public disclosure."
One reason for secrecy is that
Pan American Airways pressured
the CAB for secrecy, and Pan Am
employs people with influence in
Washington.
It has hired, among others, the
nephew of the President, Milton
Eisenhower, Jr.; the former CAB
official Carroll Cone; Ike's former
undersecretary of commerce Bob

Murray; Ike's former undersecre-
tary of the Air Force, Roger Lewis;
former CAB Commissioner Rus-
sell Adams; and former CAB Com-
missioner Clarence Young.
The reason for Pan Am's desire
for secrecy is that it denies having
used any influence with the Mexi-
can government to keep Braniff
Airways, Eastern Air Lines, or any
other comeptitors out of Mexico.
Pan Am owns 42 per cent of
companis Mexicana de Aviacion
and 20 per cent of Aeronaves de
Mexico, which, through Mexican
directors, have influence with the
Mexican government.
DAILY
OFFICIAL
BULLETIN
The Daily Official Bulletin IS arU
official publication of the Oniversity
of Michigan for which the Michi-
gan Daily assumes no editorial re-
sponsibility. Notices should be sent
in TYPEWRITTEN form to Room
3519 Administration Building, be-
fore 2 p.m. the day preceding
publication. Notices for Sunday
Daily due at 2:00 p.m. Friday.
FRIDAY, JUNE 29, 1957
VOL. LXVIII, NO, 4
General Notices
The following student-sponsored so-
cial event :s approved for the coming
weekend. Social chairmen are reminded
that requests for permission to hold
social events are due in the Office of
Student Affairs not lraer than 12:00
noo~n the, Monday prior to the event.

I

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AT THE STATE:
'Is land' Uninspired

WHAT compulsion is it that
forces Hollywood producers to
make all of their movies look the
same? No matter how different
the original plots of the screen-
plays may be, no matter how di-
verse the personalities of the
starring actors and actresses may
appear, somehow the finished pro-
ducts always seem to have been
efficiently turned out of some
great distinction-obliterating mold.
"Island in the Sun" is an unfor-
tunately representative example of
this trend.
'The representation is unfortu-
nate because the movie contains
many of the elements of a fine
production. The social problems
that it confronts are interesting
and important ones.
The actors, with a few excep-
tions, are extremely competent.
The story, as it was written, was
skillfully constructed and finally
absorbing. The film, however, is
no more and no less than an aver-
age, expensive, and not too color-
ful CinemaScope pillow.

AT NORTHLAND PLAYHOUSE:
'Holiday' Passable

THE LOCALE of the picture is
the island of Santa Marta in the
West Indies. The conflict between
the white businessmen and plan-
tation owners and the Negro labor-
ing population is an old and seem-
ingly insoluble dilemma.
The main plot spins the island's
people around and around the
racial problem without ever let-.
ting them come to a final peace
or acceptance. There is no resolu-
tion to the story, no completeness.
Harry Belafonte, in the role of
David Boyeur, an energetic labor
organizer, stalks enigmatically
through the movie and ties all the
sub-plots together.
His relationships with the vari-
ous protagonists of the plot are
poorly defined and a little confu-
sing, but they undoubtedly exist,
Mr. Belafonte does a passable job
of acting, -and his fans will be
pleased, but a more careful char-
acterization might have been ad-
visable.
THE MOST interesting of the
many episodic minor plots of the
story is one involving James Ma-
son, the eldest living son of the
Fleury plantation family.
Erroneously jealous of his wife,
he kills a man and for the rest of
the movie, the audience suffers
as he tries to conceal and expiate
his guilt. Echoes of "Crime and
)Punishment" seem to resound
throughout the halls of his man-
s:on as he develops a strange
friendship with the police inspec-
tor and finally forces himself to
confess.
Thesrest of the sub-stories are
too numerous to describe. Inn all
of them, the question of racial
boundaries is in some way essen-
tial.
Too many things are crowded
into too short a time, and all the
color, all the pictures of the Carib-
bean, and all the calypso music
notwithstanding, the final result
is unsatisfactory.
-Jean Willoughby
Financial
Roundup

f.
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XA

INTERPRETING THE NEWS:
Arms Talks Just Propaganda

By 3. M. ROBERTS
Associated Press News Analyst
PRESIDENT Dwight D. Eisenhower and Har-
- old Stassen have added new evidence that
propaganda, rather than the prospect of- any
real agreements, is the main thing in the cur-
rent disarmament talk.
The President, speaking as a doubtful and
worried man, sounded as though he could easily
switch back to his former position that atomic
tests are necessary.
But, he said, that doesn't mean the United
Editoriat Staff
VERNON NAHRGANG, Editor
JOHN HILLYER..........Sports Editor
RENE GNAM ....................... Night Editor

States won't go right ahead negotiating with
Russia about stopping the tests because of "psy-
chological factors" and "fears of the world."
At the same time, in London, Stassen pre-
sented another facet of his "package deal."
He suggested that lists of heavy weapons be
prepared showing what each country was will-
ing to sequester in an arms limitation move.
That opens the door to interminable argu-
ment. How many tanks and submarines should
Russia sequester in order to match American
mothballing of a big aircraft carrier? Disarma-
ment could be stalled for years and years while
such lists were being agreed upon.
The President obviously has been impressed
by a report from two of the nation's chief atom
bomb experts that they need more tests to pro-
duce a "clean" bomb and also for peaceful
atomic purposes.
That shows, said the President, that it's not
all black and white.
Nuclear bombs are now the world's chief hope

AS THE inaugural show in its
second summer season bill of
Broadway hits, Northland Play-
house has staged "Holiday for
Lovers". The big tent theater on
the grounds' of Detroit's North-
land has opened with a cast head-
ed by.Donald Woods and Edith At-
water and will run through Sun-
day.
Woods is a fam'!iar Hollywood
and TV figure, and Miss Atwater
was most recently seen by Ann
Arbor audiences in ber local ap-
pearanc= with Albert Dekker in
"Two's Cvmpany"
** 4
FOR HIS opening presentation,
Producer Kenneth Schwartz has
not picked an especially strong
show.
"Holiday for Lovers", written
by Ronald Alexander who also
penned the more successful "Time
Out for Ginger," deals with the
adventures of a well-heeled Am-
erican family on the Grand Tour

The family problems are more
entertaining anyway, what with
the girls and their romantic ac-
quaintances being matched in
coyness by the parents who (we
see as the play develops) also
know how to make the most out of
a "second honeymoon" vacation.
Donald Woods is smooth and
pure perfection in his role as the
still youthful and understanding
father. Edith Atwater, as the
mother, was disturbingly rather
cool and reserved throughout the
course of spectacular events. Yet
one would not wish to dispute her
ly portrayed by Suzanne Eden and
great dignity on the stage
* * *-
THE TWO daughters were nice-
ly portrayed by Suzanne Eden and
Kim Townsend. Miss Eden is a
pleasing personality and an es-
pecially poised young actress.
The play, performed op the
arena-type stage, seemed to come
off well under the stagin* and

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