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August 13, 1957 - Image 2

Resource type:
Michigan Daily, 1957-08-13

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Sixty-Seventh Yest

Candidates for Summer Reading-

ins Are Free
11 Prevail"

ials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers or
the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.
Education Committee Report
[as Important Recommendations

EPORT to the president this weekend
m the Committee on Education Beyond
igh School served to underline the near-
i situation in the colleges and univer-
of the nation and offeied some suggestions,
would well be followed through by the
mnent. But the report as a whole pre-
i nothing new; the ; conditions it de-
d and forecast are ones already realized
major prediction in the report - that
e enrollments in' 1970 would be double
hree million of today-has long been
ed. The University has already begun
ing for the future with this and other
s in mind. Certainly the whole picture of
enrollments has been understood for
time now. There just hasn't been any-
done about that picture,,
'HIS WAY, the weekend report of the.
catioi committee accomplished nothing.
irnings of the weaknesses in the present;
n as it becomes further caught up in the
f student populations, e.g., the lack of
led and decently-paid teachers, the quality
ilities and their inability to hold up much
', and the smallness of the amounts being
on facilities by the colleges of today, ally
to make stronger the emphasis on the
sness of our education system today. But
eriousness, for the most part, is already
1 and needs -only to be acted upon.
vever, along with the repetitious warn-
the report of the committee also in-,
3'a strong list of recommendations which
provide a good start toward solving the

problems if. it were given that action-pri-
marily through the government.
Included in the recommendations were: tax
deductions and benefits for students, parents
of students, and, for those less able to support
an education, greater tax benefits; increased
college expenditures-threefold; continuation
of federal aid programs; and raises in teachers'
salaries by 75 to 80 per cent to place them in
the competitive labor market, thereby raising
the quality of teachers in general.
The implication of the report is that all this
is to be accomplished generally by a stronger
participation of government in education.
CERTAINLY if government is to take a real
part in the country's educational system, it
should start now by accepting this report with
all its suggestions and beginning to consider
and effect those suggestions and recommenda-
All the recommendations deserve immediate
consideration. All are part of what could be
a certain alleviation of our overcrowded col-
leges problem. Those, that concern teachers'
wages are especially serious, for it is known
and accepted that the teachers-an integral
part of this educational system-are greatly
underpaid for the worth and quality of their
work as compared to corresponding positions
in industry.
Coming as it does on the defeat of the recent
school aid bill, this report should stimulate a
quick resurgence of effort toward providing
greater federal aid and encouragement to the
greatly discouraged American school system.

Dulles' Diplomacy

THE RANKS of administration "foot-in-
the-mouth" boys it seems must now be'
added the name of Secretary of State John
Foster Dulles. Dulles, in recently explaining
State Department policy' to a Congressional
committee, stated: "Not. for one minute do I
think the purpose of the State Department is
to make friends. Its purpose is to look out for
the interests of the United States. Whether
we make friends, I do not care."
This statement would have been badly timed'
enough in the light of the recent so-called'
Peace Offensive if it had alluded to our ene-
mies in the Communist Bloc. After all, how
could our enemies be expected to make treaty
agreements with a nation whose leading diplo-
miat has stated that the sole purpose of the
State Department is to "look out for the in-
terests of the United States."
However, Dulles obviously meant the state-
ment to apply to our friends as much as our
enemies. He made the statement in a closed-
session of the House Appropriations subcom-
mittee investigating new foreign aid proposals.
Dulles was discussing the question of possible
future friction when a foreign country can't
repay a long-term United States loan, A long-
term economic loan fund is included in the;
new foreign aid bill. Since United States policy'
precludes making loans to unfriendly nations,
we can only conclude that Dulles was speaking
with regard to allied and neutral nations.
DULLES' statement reminds us of State De-
partment philosophy in the "Big Stick"
Era. In those days, the policy of the State De-
partment was to put and keep as many friend-
ly nations as possible (from Central and South
American 'countries to China) under the "be
nevolent" thumb of the United States.

Even in the days of gunboat diplomacy, It
was never quite stated that our foreign policy
was designed only to "look out for the inter-
ests of the United States." Instead, policy mak-
ers called United States imnperialism the "white
man's burden" or "the duty to help backward
From Dulles' statement, we can see that
United States policy is no longer even justified'
as "helping backward nations." Instead, we
must conclude! that the. State Department
means to blatantly label and treat loans to al-
lies and neutrals as some sort of purchase
agreement in the interests of the United
It is unfortunate that Dulles does not realize,
that the "interests of the United States" neces-
sitate making and keeping friends and allies.
The time for "gunboat" diplomacy, even by
economic means, is long past. Any statements'
o actions which indicate that the United
Sates makes loans for any other reason than
to demonstrate friendship with allies and neu-
trals by strengthening their economies can only
injure our position in the eyes of the world.
SECRETARY of State who is asked wheth-
er loans- to foreign countries, if not able to
be paid off, would not make enemies instead'
of friends and replies, "Not for one minute do
I thinkk the purpose of the State Department
is to make friends,'' is no asset.
If Dulles can not in all honesty say that a
loan bill under his sponsorship is designed to
avert any possible friction with friendly na-
tions, Congress should certainly hesitate a
great deal before passing such a bill. Perhaps,
if that is the case, Dulles would be well advised
to join his two foot-in-mouth colleagues in
leaving office.

Low Tells-
How He
Drew It
David Low. 387 pp. Illustrated.
New York: Simon and' Schuster.
AUTOBIOGRAPHY is more often
than not a history that trans-
cends the individual and draws
into its scope a period, a place,. a
time. It is especially true with
autobiographies - even collections
of personal reflections and biogra-
phies-of political cartoonists.
When the cartoonist, or carica-
turist, reviews his life, he ,must
review it in terms of his work and
therefore in terms of the time in
which he lived. David Low, one of
the all-time greats in his field, has
done just this in his new' life's
"Low's Autobiography" is the
story of the first half of this cen-
tury as seen by a Britisher; it is
the history of all that impressed
the New Zealander from youth to
FROM beginning to end, Low's
story is intimate and revealing as
he tells of the people he met, the
people he wrote and those who
wrote him. Fame, it seems, drew a
large fan mail to his doorstep, with
letters from H. G. Wells, George
Bernard Shaw, and some of the
more colorful and well-known fig-
ures in British politics.
And, too, there is the ncessant
gloating over his work, his best
drawings that fill the book with
admiration before the reader even
begins to turn the pages.
This, perhaps, is the sole dispar-
agement in all of "Low's Autobi-
ography." Everything is just too
good, everything comes out too
well for the book's central char-
acter and hero. There is always
that feeling that Low is keeping
things back from his audience, for
no one could, we assume, lead such
an eventful and yet, in the end,
entirely favorable life.
THERE are, however, some hints
of hard times in the Low house-
hold. They managed to mar his
early manhood 'slightly; yet they
were always, balanced out and
added to by the resultant good
fortunes that never seemed to be
far distant.
As a youth, Low implies, he was
brash and forward. Always think-
ing ahead of how he might further
his personal position in his pro-
fession, he schemed and watched
and waited and somehow always
managed to move forward into a
new and better position. Yet his
brashness furnished many mo-
ments of pleasure, made just as
pleasurable to today's reader.
He tells of the self-taught art
with which he groomed himself in
adolescence and which made his
name in the years before, during
and after the second world war.
Certainly that is the period in
which Low excells, a period recre-
ated in his Autobiography with
ready illustrations of his more
popular cartoons (". . . which
caused my cartoons to be banned
from Germany," ". . . which caused
my cartoons to be banned from
THROUGHOUT the Autobiogra-
phy, there is a high personal
esteem that holds Low above
everyone else and presents the
conscious feeling that he is not
telling everything. It is echoed in
his personal codes that prevented
his drawing, early in life, the
opinions of others-or at least
without sly alteration-,and in his
wit, humor and arrogance, Which

seem to blend here delightfully.
For the reader accepts Low on
these terms of wit, humor and ar-
rogance. When he says, in con-
cluding a chapter, "By the end of
the 1920's I felt I knew my London
and most of the people in it," the
reader accepts it as part of Low's
And that nature is one that can
review a life and a period at the
same time, with tongue in cheek
and pen on paper, and with a
good-natured smile in view.
Vernon Nahrgang
The Daily official Bulletin is an
official publication of the University
of Michigan for which the Michi-
gan Daily assumes no editorial re-
sponsibility. Notices should be sent
In TYPE WRIT form to Room
3519 Administration Building, be-
fore 2 p.m. the day preceding
publication. Notices forrSunday
Daily due at 2:00 p.m. Friday.
General Notices
To All Students Having Library Books:
I Rt,,A'..+ -.ntfi r , ing in thir.. noesion

O'Faolain Draws
Vivid Irish, Pictures

O'FAOLAIN. By Sean O'Faolain.
385 pp. Boston: Atlantic-Little,
Brown. $4.75.
est Stories of Sean O'Faolain,"
some of them taken from the
author's earlier collections and
some of them appear ing in book,
form for the first time, present a
very readable volume of short
tales and narratives of' the Irish
and of Ireland.
Coming as they do from all
periods of O'Faolain's more than
30 years of writing, these short
istories also indicate a changing
author as theydthemselves evolve
in nature.
'The earlier tales are set in the
revolutionary period and concern
themselves Nith revolutioiaries-
chased, hunted and even captured.
The later tales turn out, much
wider in scope, telling of the Irish
-the middleclass Irish--in dif-
ferent situations and with dif-
fering problems.
BUT throughout the whole col-
lection is a flavor of 0. Henry-
not in the endings of the stories,
for O'Faolain prefers the plausible
naturalness of the Irish people he
deals with to the surprise element
--a flavor of 0. Henry, in that-
the tales are simple tales of people
with dreams, people with set ways
and daily tasks who pause at night
to think of someone, something
else, perhaps far away..
The daily character, the deter-
mined character of the people
being dealt with tells(the story of
the country and its people, just as
0. Henry told of the people in
"The Four Million" and his other
In the same way, the tone of
each of the O'Faolain tales is firm
and apparent. In "Fugue," the
story is just that. Its subthemes
intertwine to play a strong melody
of flight that thins out, in a burst
of poetry, to meet the dawn.
ALL O'Faolain's tales, but par-
ticularly the early ones, ai'e con-
cerned in some way with nature.
Vivid portraits of the Irish coun-
tryside at all hours of the day fill
the pages and paragraphs of "The
Finest Stories."
His preoccypation with nature_

in all its forms 'is often so great
that it draws the reader away
from the people entirely, later to
return with a changed outlook
and a sense of newness.
Yet no one of these stories
stands out. Like O'Henry's "Four
Million," the present collection
has its moments, but the sum to-
tal"is one of sustained energy. Like
O'Henry, O'Faolain catches up
the spirit of the people and is
sometimes good and usually com-
-Vernon Nahrgang

Paris, Hitchcock Brighten Field

ON THE BEACH. By Nevil Shute.
320 pp. New York: William Mor-
row. $3.95. ,
NOVELIST Nevil Shute has
proven to be a prophet of sorts
with his early novels. He has pro-
posed in' the wraps of fiction
events which later came to be
fact. One shudders to thintk that
Shute is again proposing the fu-
ture and gambling his prophet's
cloak in his new, powerful, sober-
ing novel, "On the Beach."
"On the Beach" is not a story
about the end of the world. Itis
the story, of the end of the people
on the world. This seems worse,,
does it not? That we humans are
all killed and the world goes on,
as if totally unconcerned, with
rabbits, cats and dogs still alive-
temporarily (until their extinc-,
tion) masters of our great earth?
The end that Shute portrays
comes very soon - in 1962. Every-
thing we need to accomplish the
total destruction of the human
race we have in our hands, at our
disposal now.
'The cobalt bomb, of course,
cheaply produced and 'utilized in
an all-out radiological warfaring*
will handle the job - in the way
the- author describes. He names'
not only the time, but the places
as well.
* * *
THE LAST, all-encompassing
War has its beginning in Albania,
spreads to Israel and Egypt, the
United States and Britain jump
in, then Russia. But the greatest
devastation ,the gravest pollution
of our atmosphere with the deadly
radioactive "dust" comes in the
sudden conflict between China
and Russia.
Their struggle climaxes the total

Evelyn Piper. Harper.
FOR those readers familiar with
the classic mystery plot re-/
volving about the young girl who
"loses" her mother in Paris while
attending the French Exposition,
Evelyn Piper's new novel will
strike the sound of a distant echo
-for, essentially, this is the same
The alteration of details in the
story, however, presents us with
the problem of an overprotective
and mentally unstable young
mother who takes her little daugh-
ter Bunny to nursery school only
to return in the afternoon and
discover to her horror that every-
one absolutely, denies the exis-
tence of the three-year-old child.
The story, in its entirety, is very
well done.
And the first few chapters es-
pecially are memorably written' in
a frantic, agonizing manner per-
fectly fitting the mother's -itti-
tude of psychotic, disbelief, The
reader will'surely be kept guessing
-abou6 practically everything -
and will find at the end, follow-
ing a nerve-racking pursuit after
the truth, a completely gratifying
ME DO ON TV. Edited by Al-
fred Hitchcock. Simon & Schus-
These days, anything associated

with the name Hitchcock is guar-
anteed immediate success. The
Ironical but affable English movie
director has effectively captured
the affection and attention of mil-
lions of TV watchers and has di-
rected them to a series of gener-
ally well-handled short mysteries
,on film on his "Alfred Hitchcock
Presents" Sunday-night show.
It is to be expected that a man
so long in the business of alter-
nately puzzling and petrifying his
audiences would have come across
a number of mystery tales which,,
for any number of reasons, would
violate the so-called "ethics" of
the movie and television indus-
Never a man to disappoint,
Hitchcock has gathered together
a group of his (and very likely
your) short mystery favorites -
all "unpresentable." Take my as-
surance, the collection is not so
gruesome .as one might think.
Really, you'd be amazed at some
of the innocuous little things that
shock the censors!
There are 25 stories in all. Rep-
resented are old favorites like
John Collier and Ronald DahlI of
the New Yorker boogeyman crew,
Thomas Burke and Saki, Q. Pat-
rick and Richard Connell. There's
not an ,unsatisfying story in the
The reprinting of Connell's in-
comparable "The Most Dangerous
Game" will delight the reader on

Nevil Shute Portrays
End of Everything

destruction of the northern hem
sphere. All life there is destroy
And the southern hemisphere h
only a brief reprieve - a mat
of months - until the air ci
rents carry the death-dealing pa
tiles gradually, inevitably lout
The people of Shute's novela
located in Australia. They kn
of their fate. They are pictur
facing extinction bravely, nob
But for no one - neither 1
coward nor the hero - is th
escape. A matter of months, ti
is* all.
The author undertakes hones
to portray the reactions of a si
cast of characters to their grad
annihilation. Given their circu
stances, he shows them to
brave, optinistic, impractical
almost to the man. Yet there d
not 'sound within, the novel t
note of high tragedy; and this
because of the given circu
stances .. .
* * *'
THE BOOK, carries a gen
moral with it, in the final pag
But it is an eloquent appeal tot
people of 1957 - for the plea
so pathetically understated.
"On the Beach" is - by defi
tion - a work of fantasy. S
only the realization of the ba
circumstances - a total war
tween present nations, utiliz
present weapons-stands betwi
fiction as Shute once 'again ci
ceives it and fact as once more
could turn out to be.
The audience for this bi
should be every responsible p
son on this earth. En masse, ma
kind should rise to challenge
realization of a novelist's set
"given circumstances."
-Donald A. Yate

the one hand (for it's a gem of
story) and will anger him on t:
other for being deprived (for sot
mysterious reason) of the joy
seeing it televised. This reviewe
to start an argument, heard a pe
fectly thrilling and harmless ve
sion of it on radio around 10 yea
ago, and can give reasonable pro
he's not been corrupted. Real
someone ought to get taken in
court on this!
* * .
garet Page Hood. Coward-M(
The scene of this mystery nov
is Maine, and its detective is M:
Hood's favorite character Gil D
nan. This formula is one whi
produced favorable critical opi
ion when applied in the autho:
two earlier Donan novels, "T
Scarlet Thread" and "The Sile
Women." "In the Dark Night"
the newest and the least deservi
of praise of the Donan trilogy
The evocation of Maine, r
strong and integral in her earlii
books, is vague and splotchy in t
'new novel. Miss Hood has ded
cated herself more to her cast
rural Maine characters than
the local color and the novel i
suffered appreciably.
The- tale has to do with t
murder of a provocative you
wife (unfortunately, the most a
pealing individual in the boo
and her adolescent brother-in-la
More violence follows. The hu
band of the dead girl is a prn
suspect, but there are some othe
Things carry on under the si
veillance of detective Gil Don
and ultimately reach a climax a:
the solution. A forced and unlike
ly murderer's confession at t
conclusion fails to salvage t
novel, and only adds to the leve
ling of an unfavorable judgeme:
BACK, By Arthur Upfil
Crime Club.
Arthur Upfield is one of t
most talented regional Australi
mystery novelists to appear
print in this country. He kno
how to spin a good tale, has
fine knack for characterizatio
and inevitably does a crackerja
job of describing the little-kno'
backland regions of ;Australia.
"The Bushman' Who Cal
Back" is in keeping with what
have come to expect from auth
Upfield. It is a tightly-knitl
tale about the murder of ranc
wife Mrs. Bell and the appare
kidnapping of her seven-year-o
daughter Linda.
Upfield's sleuth, Inspector M
poleon Bonaparte (just pla
"Bony" to everyone) is called
on the case and proceeds to,-
about for motives - which
hard to come by. The investigati

"Rise Up !"

Another Battle Lost



THE WORLD Youth Festival at Moscow has
ended, and 30,000 delegates from all over
the world are slowly finding their way home
after a.fifteen-day propaganda orgy which cost
the Russians about 20 million dollars.
The delegation from the United States, un-
official and indeed deplored by State depart-
ment proclamation, was the center of much at-
ten'tion. State department opposition to the
trip virtually assured us of dubious represen-
tation, which is apparently what we got. ,
Now fresh horror, some of the United States
delegation is going to the imaginary country
of Red China. This could be dangerous because
Red China is supposed to disappear if we ig-
nore it, and then where would all these trav-
elers be?.
Perhaps the State ,department might have
made a better showing if they had selected the
Editorial Staff
JOHN HILYER. ...........,.......Sports Editor
NE :NA::... : :....................Night Edtor
Business Staff

lucky youngsters to make this trip to Moscow.
However, this would have created a new prob-
lem: who to send.
We could have sent 150 child prodigies to
persuade the Soviets that this is a nation of
great mental power.
We could have sent 150 bathing beauties and
demoralized the whole Festival.
We could have sent 150 student leaders and
overthrown the Russian government.
We. could have sent 150 Evangelists and
brought religion to the Godless Communists.
WHAT A wealth of opportunity was lost here!
How tragic that the Russians have beaten
us again on the propaganda front, and even
now entice our citizens into Red China.
Typically, the United States equivalent of
the World Youth Festival, this NSA conven-
tion, is held in Ann Arbor, where you must t-
over 21 years old to buy ginger ale. And after
delegates are bored to death with vague
speeches and resolutions favoring Good Cheer,
they can go look out of Burton Tower at the
traffic jam. How sad that we must always
bungle these propaganda efforts.
New Books at the Library
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