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August 09, 1957 - Image 2

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Michigan Daily, 1957-08-09

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"I'd Rather See You Dead Than Compromised"

Sixty-Seventb Year
EDITED AND MANAGED BY STUDENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN
UNDER AUTHORITY OF BOARD IN CONTROL OF STUDENT PUBLICATIONS
STUDENT PUBLICATIONS BLIDG. * ANN ARBOR, MICH. * Phone NO 2-3241

n OpInione Are Free
ith Will Prevail"

Today
Tomorrow
By WALTER LIPPMANN

:ditorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers or
the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.

b !

Y, AUGUST 9, 1957

NIGHT EDITOR: RENE GNAM

Labor Union Picture
Not Entirely Unhealthy

UMBER of Congressional investigations
is year have shown conclusively that the
union in this cougntry - or at least some
unions - is not entirely the honorable
incorrupt organization that the highest
rierican ideals would have it.
estigations, trials, even columnists, have"
up with startling revelations of Dave
and Jimmy Hoffas and some other les-
gures who, under scrutiny, do not appear
uiltless and honorable union officers one
expect to find in the international
erhoods. Racketeering, one of the less
-y aspects of American life, can also be
, it ,seems, in those giant, big business-
irganizations.
tainly the case for the labor union as
1thy, integral part of the life and work
e American workinlgman appears now to,
a somewhat 'dim case.
a, however, a patent dimness that is more
n overexaggerated. It is the dimness of a
ad apples being assumed to represent the
bushel; it is the dimness that comes
placing of an over-rated importance on
rs that are certainly forseeable and ex-
d in such cases as the opportunity pre-
itself.
it corruption has been found in the labor,
s in certain cases cannot be denied;,but
this corruption is in any way -typical' of
abor union organizations as a constant
is a'difficult assertation to prove.
or unions are not big businesses because
are not essentially businesses. But in,

many ways they are like big businesses - in
size, primarily - and they are therefore sub-
ject to the temptations and often corruptions
of misguided individuals who find they can
profit in one way or another with a little way-
ward management.
But, as in big businesses, these corruptions
are inevitable. The labor unions just don't
have the money or power or privacy to keep
them as quiet as big businesses are able to do.
Instead, labor unions must suffer the unfavor-
able publicity that comes from a congression-
al investigation that finds skeletons in the la-i
bor closets.
'IT IS UNFORTUNATE that these groups of
organized labor must bear the shame of a
few individuals so publicly - yet this should
have a good effect in the way of greater pro-
tection for the future.
It is also unfortunate that the investigating
comtmittees, with their boards of eager and
active politicians, should be able to be -so af-
fected by their own findings that the same
politicians make sweeping statements of cru-
sading nature and then promise - indeed,
threaten - -further searching investigations
into the problems at hand.
What is happening is that the people in-
volved in-these investigations, as well as a good
many American citizens, are allowing them-
selves to accept the abuses of a few as the pg-
sition of the ,many. Needless to say, this is not.
a logical nor sensible way of understanding the
problem.
-VERNON NAHRGANG
. Editor

Canada's Growing Impotanc
- tac

F OUR friendliest nation is referred to at all,
it's usually a variation of the phrase "the'
forty-eight states and Canada."
Beyond, recognition as a sort of 49th state
(nothing of the size of Texas, of course), our
awareness of Canada seems limited to trappers
named Pierre and the red-coated chaps who,
always get their man.
But our tranquil neighbor shows signs of
stirring. With a new government, we are faced
with her increased participation in the heady,
realm of international politics.
EFORE the June election, the American
press recorded a routine prediction of vic-
tory for the/22-year-old Liberal government. It
was allowed that the Opposition Conservative
party would gain a few seats, but that the loss
would not be particularly uncomfortable to the,
incumbent government.
Conservative leader John Diefenbaker cam-
paigned and won on the argument that Can-
ada was tied too closely to America's economio
strings.
He was vigorous in pointing out that most
of her post-war growth was owed to American
capital, and made much political hay on our
sale of surplus grain at lower prices while Can-
ada's elevators bulged..
Unfortunately for the Conservatives, they
cannot bulldoze any measures through Parlia-
ment. The party falls short of a clear majority,
and no other bloc promises any idealogic sup-
port.
A combined vote of the Liberals, the socialist'
Cooperative Commonwealth Federation (CCF),
and assorted independents could topple the
all-Tory cabinet at any time. It could happen
at the first sitting of Parliament in October,
and thus force a new election.'
This might mark the beginning of the end
for the Liberal party, in the manner noted in
Britain in the 1920's. Then, a Labor-Liberal
coalition broke up and Liberal support crystal-
lized as Conservative and socialist Labor votes.

government in any future election. As the
Labor party's counterpart, it is dedicated to
nationalization of industries on a scale marked
out by Britain's 1950 Labor government.
With topheavy United States investment in
Canada's economy, particularly 'in mining,
piwer and oil, a socialist government would be
of extreme concern to us. In the face of na-
tionalization legislation, a crisis would certain-
ly hit investment circles.
Even without this disturbing prospect, pres-
ent conditions of political instability elevate
Canada from her once-faceless role. It may
well be that our attention in this hemisphere
will shift from perennial palace revolts in Lat-
in America.
--ERNEST ZAPLTNY
.Walter F.- George
Of Georgia
FOR A MAN who served in the United States
Senate for 34 years, Walter Franklin George
of Georgia wasperhaps.one of the least color-
ful but certainly one of the most formal, de-
voted, sincere and hardworking Men to hold
such office.
From the time he entered the Senate in
1923 until he served out his last term in Jan-
uary of this year, George was influential both
as an individual and, later, through his com-
mittee positions in finance and foreign affairs.
He fought for greater tax allowances for the
small wage earner and for more liberal social
security benefits for the disabled. His concern
for the people of his state and the nation led
him on occasion to turn against his own party.
Until his withdrawal from the Senate in
last year's elections, because of ill health and
an unfavorable political situation at home,
George was constantly active in government
affairs. Even after, as a special ambassador to
NATO, he continued to serve the country.
Senator George was indeed a statesman of
which Georgia and the United States can be
proud.
-VERNON NAHRGANG

MAXWELL Gluck, our new and
unfortunate Ambassador to
Ceylon, is the victim of a certain
blindness in high quarters. It is
the notion that to have been a
success in business is to have the
quality and the nece:sary experi-
ence for being a success in public
life.
Indeed, there' is if anything a
prejudice against those who make
a career in politics and in govern-
ment -affairs.
So the President took it for
granted that pluck would be a
competent Ambassador in a sensi-
tive post in a critical region of the
world. Why did he take this for
granted? Because, said the Presi-
dent at his press conference, Gluck
was recommended by "a'number of
people I respect."
If the people who recommended
him were aware that Gluck was a
big campaign contributor, they
had the tact to refrain from men-
tioning such a sordid consideration
to the President. They told him
instead that they had examined
Gluck's business career, and that
it was successful, that they had
studied the F.B.I. reports, which
were good.
That was enough to qualify
Gluck. For it could be assumed
that he would learn about Ceylon,
w i t h which he was not yet
"thoroughly familiar, as he had
learned how to run his stores and
how to breed horses in Kentuc y.
WHY, THEN, did Sen. Ful-
bright's little quiz test produce
such an uproar? Because it re-
vealed so sharply that Gluck, how-
ever estimable as a person and
however successful in business,
had never taken any interest, not
any interest, in the affairs of
South Asia where he is to be a
principal representative of the
United States.
When he was asked who is the
Prime Minister of India - India
being the nearest neighbor of Cey-
lon-Gluck said he knew who he
was but could not "pronounce" the
name. This was the crucial ques-
tion and answer, and the result
was a complete giveaway.
For while the Prime Minister of
India has the given name of Jawa-
harlal, which is indeed difficult
to pronounce, he is known to all
of literate mankind as Nehru.
* * *
AS NEHRU, he is as well known
as Churchill, Stalin,or Eisenhow-
er. As it is impossible to suppose
that Gluck had never heard the
name of Nehru pronounced, the
-presumption is that he did not
know that Nehru is the Prime
Minister of India.
If anyone thinks that this is
not significant, let him imagine
how he would feel if Nehru ap-
pointed as Indian Ambassador to
Mexico or to Cuba one who said
he could not "pronounce" the
fairly difficult name of Eisenhow-
er.
Such a man would no't be re-
garded as a good prospect to play
a useful part in the affairs of the
North American continent.
For while he could no doubt be
"briefed"-even to knowing Presi-
dent Eisenhower's middle name-
what he would really need in
order to qualify would be to be
born again with an interest in
public affairs and with a capacity
to realize that the world is round.
* * *
EMBARRASSING as it all is\to
Gluck, to the President, to the
Foreign Service officers who labor
in South Asia, to the Ceylonese,
and to Anericans concerned for
the dignity of their country, there
is something to be learned from
it.
It demonstrates a basic rule,
that the burden of proof Is on the
President when he goes outside
the career service.

What the President has to prove
is that his appointee, though he
is "not a professional' diplomat,
though he is not familiar with the
country to which he is going, is a'
man of demonstrated ability in
public life..
It' is not enough that he has
made money, that there are 'no
black marks against him in the
F.B.I. reports, and that he has
been certified by the Republican
National Committee.
THIS IS not too austere a
standard. Many of our non-career
Ambassadors would qualify readily
enough under it-for example, in
the big posts, Whitney in London,
Bruce in Bon'n, Mrs. Luce and
Zellerbach in R o m e, Bowles,
Cooper, and Bunker in New Del-
h.
The commen qualification of all
of them is that, while they have
not had a career in the Foreign
Service, some considerable part of
their careers has been spent with
distinction in public service.
Always,thowever, an appoint-
ment outside the career service
should be regarded as the excep-

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AT LITTLE THEATF$R:
Foul Play at the High School

IT HAS= BEEN the policy, more
or less, for viewers of the theatre
scene hereabouts, to deplore small
opening night audiences.
But I can only be thankful that
the first performance of "The'
Tender Trap" was not particularly
well attended, for the cause of
local theatre was' struck a mighty
blow last night from which it will
recover with difficulty.
"They Tender Trap, a comedy
by Max Shulman and Robert
Smith, is clever, well written, and
enjoyed a successful Broadway

run. The film version, starring
Frank Sinatra and Celeste Holm,
was carefully done and spread the
fame of this play over the nation.
* * *
IT IS an unhappy tribute to
"Tender Trap" that the script
could somehow survive the per-
formance which it received at the
hands of this Little Theatre group.
A funny line, like a good rumor,
is hard to kill. But they tried, and'
how they tried.
If the cast had bothered to study
the script, if they had even read

AT THE STATE:
Two ore ightare

I}
A t

By DREW PEA

ONCE MORE am I confronted
by the revolting task of ex-
posing fresh horror at the State
theater: two new and banal at-
tempts at so-called science fiction.
The bee, praying mantis, 'ant,,
and spider have already been.
glorified by dull-witted film pro-,
ducers. Now the grasshopper has
its dreadful day.
In "Beginning of the End,", a
modern day Tom Swift saves hu-
manity from monster locusts with
the aid of his audio oscillator.
How did the insects get this
big? Why, by eating radioactive
vegetables, of course. This child-
ish understanding of radiation is
about what one might expect
from these west-coast producers
of filmed garbage. After a poorly
superimposed series of episodes
showing the grasshoppers swarm-
ing over Chicago, they are at-
tracted into Lake Michigan by a
familiar-faced General playing
the lost chord over his PA system.
* *
MORE OF THE SAME drivel is

wasl
Merry-
Gwoo
Roiunld

found in "The Unearthly" where-
in a doctor half of his trolley at-
tempts to banish old-age by trans-'
planting glands into his victims.
Naturally he has a house full of
gruesome experimental errors and
a huge oaf who wanders about
grunting to himself.
After several ridiculous epi-
sodes including a surgical scene,
which is a travesty of, medicine,'
the policeman-hero saves his trol-
lop from the clutches of the evil
physician who promptly dies of
shame.
Anyone over ten' who can get
much besides a headache from
these two films is advised to seek,
psychiatric aid as soon as pos-
sible. This moronic treatment of
scientific topics by certain feeble-
minded film studios is reaching
the proportions of a disgrace.
There are some bright spots in
the science-film realm (like "In-
vasion of the'Saucer Men" and
"Forbidden Planet"); but the Gi-'
ant Insect and Mad Scientist
trend is wretched.
-llavidKessel

the script, the result ,might have
been bearable. /
Ted Heusel, director and co-star.
was the best of the bunch as Joe
McCall, when he remembered
where he was. He alone displayed
a sense of timing so essential to
delivery of this type of dialog.
George Webb, as Charlie Read-
er, was inexperienced, but he has
some experience now.
Eras Cochran (Sylvia) was mis-
cast as this sophisticated violinist.
Mary Anne Stevenson (Julie)
somehow managed to give the
ingenue role a touch of banality
instead of the sweet innocence one
might have expected.
WITH THE exception of Heusel
during his good moments, Marian
Mercer offered the only effective
stage" peresonality as Jessica, one
of Charlie Reader's "women."
She alone established a solid
;characterization, but was on stage
too short a time to affect the
balance.
Lawrence Gusman as the vola-
tile chemist Lindquist was noisy;
Ruth Livingston as Poppy Matson
seemed adequate in a walk-on
part.
To Allan Schreiber 'must-go the
dubious distinction of generally
messing up the lines given to the
insane musician Sol Swartz, pos- -
sibly the funniest in the play.
The set was simple and good.
.Props were= well managed; the
scene after the wild party was a
charming mess.
'But when the curtain must be
drawn in the middle of an act to
let the cast recover its wits, one
w o n d e r s if rehearsals were
thorough enough.
Perhaps later performances will
see these difficulties ironed out.
I hope so.
-David Kessel

W ASHINGTON - Votes mnid
the House Rules Committe
are super-super secret. Folks bac
home are not supposed to kno
how" the members of this ke
committee vote, evenothou th
committee can kill a bill or em
pedite a bill.
For, without a "rule"from tl
rules committee, no' legislatic
can pass.
A very important but secr
vote took place inside the rul
committee the other day on wh
ther to give a "rule to the Natui
al Gas Bill which will increase 1±i
cost of gas about $800,000,000
year to the consumers.
Almost every member of Q
rules -committee (elected fro
gas - consuming' areas) v o t e
against the bill-except for or
moan.
He was congressman Hug
Scott, Republican of Philadelphi
Philadelphia is a tremendo
consumer of gas, one of the for
most in the nation. Its representi
tives have fought bitterly again
the gas bill. Despite this, So
secretly voted against his own cit
FURTHERMORE, he cast.a kt
vote. The vote inside the rul
Committee was 5 to 5 when it al
to him. Members of the commi
expected Scott to vote against
gas bill.
aHe was once Republican natiot
&l chairman, once managed To.
Dewey's campaign for Presiden:
had a tough re-election race hi
self. It seemed inconceivable th
he would vote against the interes
of hit own city. But'he did.
Had Scott voted the other-a
against the gas bill, CairmE
Howard Smith of Virginia co ,
only have tied the vote.
No one knows exactly why So
voted against his own constitueni
Perhaps it was because he figuri
it would remain secret.
However, the biggest contribi
tor to the Republican Party
the entire nation was the Pe
family of Sun Oil Companrb
The Pew family .contribut
$216,000 to various Republic
committees, which in turn we
the biggest coitributors to Sco
NOTE-Another interesting Co.
tributor to Scott's campaign w
Maxwell H. Gluck, new, naive a
bassador to Ceylon, who admitt
he didn't know the name of ti
Ceylonese prime minister or ev
the prime minister of India.
(Copyright 1957 by Bell Syndicate in
DAILY
OFFICIAL
BULLETIN
The 'Daly Official Bul tin Is as
official publication of the nlversttj
of Michigan for which the Michi
gao 'Daily assumes no editorial t
sponsibility. Notices should be soat
in TYPEWRITEN form to Roo
3519 Administration ilding eb
fore .2 p.m-'the day rcedin$
publication. Notices for Sulnda
Daily ,due at 2:00 p.m. Friday
FRIDAY, AUGUST 9, 1957
VOL. LXVII, NO. 32
General Notices
A one hour guided tour of the camp
by bus wll be conducted daily, Mo
day through Friday, beginning Mo
Aug. S. It will begin at 11:00 a.m. frc
the rear of the Administration Build!i
and will conclude at 12:00 nooen at t
same place. This tour service will i
for a test period of six weeks. Open
public. nndn g4
(Continued on Page 4)

IRRESPONSIBILITY IN GOVERNMENT:
Secrecy, Science, Finance Present.Problems

S

IFICANT to
F in Canada
h from the,

America is whether the
is able to attract enough
Liberal ranks to form a

INTERPRETING THE NEW'
Khrushchev's Bluff

By J. M. ROBERTS
Associated Press News Analyst'
'OR ALL the news 'his trip to Berlin has
pi*oduced, Nikita Khrushchev might as well
ve read his vassals a bunch of old clippings.
His constant threats of guided missile war
e beginning to sund like a man who is short
ideas.
He began it more than a year ago in England.
has used it for all sorts of purposes-to
ake people think he favors disarmament, to
Editoriat Staff
VERNON NAHRGANG, Editor
HN HILLYER....... ............. Sports Editor
NE GNAM............................Night.Editor

frighten small nations that harbor Allied mili-
tary bases, and now in an attempt to frighten
West Germans into overthrowing the Adenauer
government.
While he goes on at this rate, he knows
that Russia must avoid atomic war, at least for
some time to cime, because of the free world's
advanced technology.'
There is every reason to believe that the
West has nuclear weapon stockpiles that the
Russians cannot touch either in quantity or
quality.
Khrushchev may resort to threats as a sort
of substitute for whistling through a graveyard.
Khrushchev knows that when he is in East
Germanyhe is in hostile territory. It's not like
Czechoslovakia, where a certain sense of Slav
brotherhood has always made the Russian task
easier than in some of the other satellites.'
In East Germany there is as much hatred of
the Russians who invaded them such a few
' vnArr ncrR oa +fhpor 1p iin Russia aainst the

(Editor"s Note: The following is
the last of two discussions of. gov-
ernmental responsibility.. Today's
article covers various areas outside
the realm of foreign policy.
By JOHN WOODRUFF
Daily Staff Writer
SINCE THE beginnings and
popularity of bipartisan fo-
eign policy, but not in any way as
a result of it, there has come a
great mushrooming of areas of po-
tential irresponsibility in the fed-
eral government.
One of the greatest of these was
a direct result of World War II.
That area is governmental secrecy
The security system hastily
thrown up at the coming of global
war was far from perfect as is tes-
tified by the fact that every per-
son so far convicted of conspiracy
or other treasonable designs has
actually succeeded in passing some
form of classified information to
foreign enemies.. -
It has, moreover, created vast
amounts of resentment on the part
of those against whom it has un-
justly operated, often the very
scientists we so dearly need. It has
given us the spectacle of Dr Op-

tributed to students of untested
loyalty, are given various degrees
of classification. And every now
and then an FBI agent will appear
in a University office asking a
stenographer about the loyalty of
another stenographer who is
handling nothing more secret
than a departmental budget.
But perhaps the most danger-
ous extension of security regula-
tions has come in the administra-
tion itself. Never before has it
been such ' common practice to
place a "security" classification
on one's mistakes or shady, deals.
Such a system, if allowed to per-
sist for a great enough time, could
destroy any semblance of public
ability to affix responsibility for
official actions and misactions.
YET THIS is only one facet of
several in the overall picture of
growth in potential irresponsibil-
ity. Science itself has become an-
other area in which great amounts
of irresponsible action may well
be expected. There has been a
great move afoot to "keep science
out of politics."

Such a policy of keeping science
"lbove" politics assumes that
democracy cannot work in an age;
of atomic power and electronic de-
vices. It decides for the people tiat
they do not even want to consider
broad lines of policy.
Let there be no confusion due to
semantics; when a leader says,
"Let's keep science out of poli-
tics," he z Might more accurately be
saying, "Let's; keep science out of
democracy." Politics is the work-
in gform of American democracy.
* * *
WE HAVE recently.seen, indeed
still are seing, the spectacle of an
administration's cutting its own'
budget requests several months af-
ter their presentation to Congress.
Here is another area of govern-
mental irresponsibility - one in
which it would appear that the
unwieldy budget structure which
has been piled up in the past few
years actually has created irres-
ponsibility.
At any rate, it is difficult to as-
sign any other name to a case in
which the President presents a
budget to Congress with the ad-
mnnitin thatn* Irain. .ncm.v

for lots of wrong-way horse tra
ing on the part of public officia
The competition and public
formation inherent in a bid a
tem have proven quite satisfacto
in the awarding of governm
contracts.
Such public information mig
well be necessary if the "negot
tors" representing the public
to be men who- believe that th-
particular segment of the nation
the one necessary to national a
vival, as some of our less perce
ive writers seem to think is he
thy.

_.

* * *

1

THE TREND away from r
ponsibility in the federal govei
ment may well be affected by I
fact of a Congress of differe
party from the Administration
Thus far, however, only ti
serious attempts have been ma
to question administration a
thority. One of these was a wea
willed investigation into the mi
died Mideastern policy situatic
The other is the current econon
drive, which has finally forced I
Administration to take respon
hiliyf,. iAn. aLits udet.

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