THE MICHIGAN DAILY
escribes Recent, Finds
By CARL JORDAN
ides of champagne cups and
er objects dating to 17 cen-
es B.C. accompanied a lecture
ited "Recent Archaeological
ivities in Turkey,"_yesterday,
the assistant director- to the
ector General of Museums and
iquities in Turkey.
ur. Ahmet Donniez said Turkey
bridge between the East and
West, both culturally and geo-
phically, and is rich in archae-
y representative of both influ-
reec and Syria, he said, both
e had a great influence on
kish development. He demon-
Sted this with slides of, scuip
s, recently uncovered, which
'e Greek characteristics.
r. Donmez, who has partici-
d in many archaeological "ex-
ations" since- 1947, described
fy the three millenums in
kish cultural history.
e went on to describe the
elopment of the 41 museums
resent day Turkey.
he first one, he said, was built
1847. There were two main
ions, one for weapons of war,
the other for art objects.
rtually,, the weapons museum
me an armay museum display-
all oaf the objects used in wars.
he Turkish government has
asored many of the museums,
last year granters $2 million
the museum department., In
, approximately one million
ors toured the museums, and
ed the over one million ob-
t present, Dr. Donmez said,
e are 21 excavations going on
Curkey. Sone are sponsored by
governments of various coun-.
s such as Germany, France
the United -States
he rest are paid for, by the
everal of his slides were in
r, and showed excavation pro-
unneling and drilling are the
ciple methods used for original
overy. Dr. Donmez also had
as taken after complete cities
been uncovered. Some of these
s were build 17 centuries B.C.
overy was the gate to an
he talk was sponsored by the
artment of' Near Eastern
DR. AHMET DONMEZ
. .. Turkish archaeologist
"Active uneasiness" marks the
character of students in Bolivia's
universities, the International Stu-
dent Conference's South American
In its swing through eight coun-
tries, the five-man group noted
that the tenuous mining economy
in ,Bolivia is the root of disturb-
Bolivian universities enjoy poli-
tical autonomy but are dependent
on tax levies. Acute inflation has
made government subsidy neces-
sary, and students fear that politi-
cal sanctions may be renewed at
This threat sprung a "university
revolution" led by students in 1955
the delegation said. The govern-
ment intervened with armed
forces, dismissing university rec-
tors and installing temporary gov-
ernmentrofficials. Autonomy was
finally restored after .a student-
faculty strike of six months.
The revolution and successful
strike won a system of equal
representation by students and
faculty on administrative councils,
abolition of matriculation exams
and renovation of teaching meth-
The Bolivian government, re-
ports the delegation, curtails free-
dom of the press and free working
of opposition parties, and further
imposes restrictions on student, ac-
tivity. Some students have been
jailed for participating in anti-
government riots and many are
forced to study in exile for politi-
The National Revolutionary
Movement (MNR) is the party in
control now. The delegation found
that many students support the
party, but) opposition produced a
complete split in the National
Union' of Students two years ago.
Unity has been reestablished, but
left-wing and Falangist factions
The left-wing students tend to
support the nationalist-minded
NNR, particularly in its mistrust
of North American activities in
Bolivia. They contend that United
States economic help is subjecting
their country to a "colonial re-
gime," the delegation indicated.
.ADVENTURERS, EXPEDITIONISTS, TOURISTS:
Pan American Highway Sti To Be omplet
By LUTIS C. NOLI
Associated Press Newsfeatures Writer groups have stayed
PANAA - ach ar anewsometimes as long
PANAMA --Each year a new PAn AMFmore months at a
flock of 20th Century pioneers - N Today, by -workir
adventurers, expeditionists and t I G WAY ends at'once thes
just plain tourists - set out to nearly completed t
span the American continents by land trail from roa
way of the Pan American High- ., tween Panama anda
The journey, pa r t i c u l a r ly MEXIC Northern
through Central America, is just -..This trail, along
that - an adventure, an expedi- route, is hardly more
tion and a tourist junket. A lot of :°'t "O::::::: path scratched froi
patience and differentials have .R.A. IH+.I RA IL ROA D but it will serve as a
been lcst on the rocky trails called T GUA T EML HIGHWAYSaccess route for futi
roads in Central America. -:ServiceGblepeditions.
The almost mythical highway CaP J ASr sb The Darien isn't
is good in some sections, bad in :;L:SALVA:OR mu...' Under Construction problem for Panama
some and just about impossible in Po$anSavador HONDURAS' Projected bia. The rest of the
others. Also it's far from finished ___already shown thei
in several critical places. The benefits of tl+
Routes Available* " ..; ca will be shared b,
Mel ico has a number of good :....A . NICARAGUA try along the road.
routes from the United StatesI * And the Latin '
border to its capital. T4 the south .. .:Manava G il 1 1 G just as anxious as
the road is In tolerable condition; f: United States touris
right up to the Guatemala border highway finished.
But there you meet a 25-mile =: lRal. The United State,
gap still under construction.5-m le ;R de l ae fthSae
Guatemala promises to have it":: COTARICA up developments in 1
gap stilondrsoosrutin .L/delyawreof ted
open to traffic this year, but with V::Ck:gorodo The board of Presid
rainy season and the danger of :San Is d:::::.set up by Presiden
slides, the best bet is a railway during his 1956 mee
connection that ties Mexico to the American Chiefs of
Guatemala road system via Ar- :::::c c.:.:.. DARIEN PANA...s::..h.PNama, has put the
riaga and Tapachula ..among.te.listo
From there sailing is reasonably . REGION..:.:. needed' for Latin k
clear through Honduras, ElSal - .EG.....efensei
vador, Nicaragua, and into Costa From a defense
Rica as far as the capital, S.an :....:.......s COLOMBIA ..:::;::::.:::.. '« the lack of good roe
Jose. But at the little town of San ..Chigorodo the United States in
Isidro del General you run smack the Canal Zone.
out of road, at least until 1959. HIGHiWAYS : The Canal Is yin
If you can't wait, you might get -..s "erviceable sQui do from land areas c
a Jeep trail down to the coast gnu mm Explored Routes Las Animias away from its narre
where a banana boat can give you -Possible Routes _Las Aninios COLMBIA This "buffer-zoni
a lift around the 120 miles of un- ::;:.::rAP Newsfeatuaes gave a margin of c
completed road -.n Costa Rica and days of puttees a:
the 14 miles still to be built in This is Panama's Darien region, savage beasts, and didn't suffer necessary for any work in the ments, but now th
Panama. a 465-mile wedge of green hell even the mildest attack of the area any overland comma
Banana Flatcars? that extends deep into Colombia deadly black water fever. But the important diseovery was the points that wou
Or, perhaps you can make it to and still stands as an impassable Indians Approve that the upper river valleys end used for outposts an
Pozo Sur or Golfito and a banana roadblock between the North and There were rivers clogged with in relatively low-level saddles. ing stations if an a
railway flatcar for the portage South American continents, debris and snags or flooding over In these places a road might ever be threatened.
into Panama's Chiriqui province. Open Road Beckons dangerous rapids. The Indians, pass without the slow, costly cut Of course, no one
That leaves only another 300- while not precisely hostile, let it and fill operation needed in ever ,optimistic abou
odd miles of quite usable highway Beyond the gap there is still be known that their approval was mountainous areas such as Costa the jungle, but Da:
between you and the Panama plenty of open road beckoning the Rica or Guatemala. Two major mittee engineers are
Canal. willing wayfarer. If you can fly route possibilities were sketched sights on 1965 as
But 32 miles beoynd Panama over or find your way around the USNS out from existing maps and aerial deadlne for finishi
City you round a small, graveled Darien gap to one of Colombia's photographs. And they're saying
bend and find a rather unkempt ports you'll discover a network of The first of these, the "north- start with full fine
concrete river landing. On theroads linking every repub f rn" route, was planned to follow shorten that ti e b
other side of the river there is South America. the upper edge of the broad val- a year or two.
nothing but pure jungle. Since 1955, the Darien Subcom- leys of the-Bayano, Chucunaque,
mi#+onleysiof the Bayano neChucunaque,
Prof. Ralph C. Wenrich and
Prof. C. Robert Hutchcroft of the
University Department of Voca-
tional Education and Practical
Arts will attend meetings of the'
National Association of Industrial
Teacher Educators and the Ameri-
can Vocational Association in
Philadelphia Sunday through Fri-
day, Aug. 4-9.
On Wednesday, Aug. 7, Prof.
Wenrich will speak to academic
teachers on "Curriculum Trends
in' Vocational Schools . and De-
partments with Special Reference
to General Education."
On ,Thursday, Aug. 9, he will act
as chairman of a session on inter-
national education considering
"Highlights on Technical Assist-
ance in Foreign Countries)'
Prof. Hutchcroft will serve as
chairman of a meeting on "Im-
proving Professional Standards."
SPEAKS IN BRUSSELS:
Katona Says Buyers Now Confident
DETROIT( (P)-Threat of a milk
strike in 'the Detroit area was
lifted late yesterday, when the
major dairies yielded tb demands
of the Michigan Milk Producers
Assn. for an increase in the whole-
sale price of drinking milk.
Three dairies agreed to an in-
crease of 35 cents per hundred-
weight (46%/ quarts). The increase
will bring the hundredweight price
The milk producers had threat-
ened to withhold milk at midnight
tonight from dealers refusing to
increase the wholesale price.
The producers association said
virtually all creameries in south-
eastern Michigan have agreed to
the increase, making a milk strike
Jack W. Barnes, MMPA assist-
ant general manager had said his
grcup would divert as much milk
as it can from creameries who do
rot 'agree to the increase.
Meanwhile, officers of the Dairy
Farmers Co-operative Association
of Michigan (DFC), a splinter
group of the MMPA, said that ac-
ceptance of the $5 price by deal-
ers will only delay a strike.
Miss Colver M. Flanders, chief
exte sion librarian, announces the
Library Extension Service of the
University continues its services
throughout the year.
Library Extension Service can
loan a number of children's books
to libraries to develop special read-
ing activities for children.
Michigan residents may write
the Library Extension Service for
reading lists on any topic; for
loans of packages of clippings on
current topics for use in planning
club programs, papers, or talks;
foz suggestions about club pro-
grams; and for any of the other
services offered by the department
of the Library.
For information, write the Uni-
vestyof Micahigan TLibrarv Extaen-
BRUSSELS, Belgium--The well-
to-do;.-and optimistic are more
likely to feel they have unsatisfied
economic needs than the old and
poorer declared Prof. George Ka,
tona before the'International Con-
gress of Psychology here.
Prof. Katona, of the Survey Re-
search Center, said recently that,
those confident about their own
-financial prospects and of thel
future are much more likely to ex-
press their psychological needs in
"The overwhelming majority of
n'ew carfs! are bought by people
who say they have had a car in
good condition," he pointed out.
"Why do people replace cars and
other durable goods which are per-
"Marketing experts have coined
the word 'upgrading' to describe
this phenomenon. It means that
new features or improvements in
new models attract buyers. It also
means that even after achieving
some of our goals, we do want still
In relating this tendency to
economic cycles, Prof. Katona con-
tinued: "Of course, there is some
saturation. Immediately after I
have bought a new car, I shall not
be in the market for another.
"But fulfilling one need often
leads to the emergence of other
'No Such Thing As Best Route'
For Travelers, Davis Claims
There is no such things as a
"best" route to take when travel-
ing in Michigan or anywhere says
Prof. Charles M. Davis, chairman
of the Geography Department,
"Best," he said, might mean the
.shortest route, the fastest route,
or the route with the most four-
lane highways. Depending upon
which criteria is chosen, one of
many travel routes might be
"We get questions all the time
asking the best way to get some-
where," says Prof. Davis.
"What must be considered, for
instance, when heading north, is
the flow of traffic, time of day and
week, and whether or hot the
route hits the east-west belt of
cities that block then central part
of the Lower Peninsula."
Grand. rapids, ,Flint, Saginaw,
Bay City, Muskegon, and Midland
comprise this belt of cities which,
cause congestionrfor traffic moving
north and south in Michigan.
One way to find the "best" route
around these cities, Prof. Davis
says, is to "get a good detailed
map, and then look, for a good by-
pass around the congested metro-<
politan districts of the bottleneck
He adds, "A road map by itself
is dead. It doesn't tell you the
amount of traffic you might run
into when approaching a city and
it doesn't inform you when the
flow will be heavy or light.
"Such things as traffic lights,
pedestrians, and other hazards to
the driver who is trying to make
time are not shown either.
"A best route on Monday may
be a poor route on Sunday after-
Deutscher Verein: Meeting, 7:30 p.m.
August 1st, 3-G, Union. Dr. Ferdinand
Friedensburg, German Consul in De-
troit, will speak on problems of German
* * *
Hillel: Israeli Folk Dancing, 8:30 p.m.,
August 1st, Hillel.
Friday evening services, 7:30 p.m.,
August 2nd at Hillel.
Newman Club: Outdoor Dance and
Corn Roast. 8:30 p.m., August 2, 1957
at Newman Center. (Dance held in-
doors in event of rain).
needs. After I have bought the tar Tomas Guardia Jr. of Panama
car, buying a TV set or washing headed the first road expedition
machine, or making additions o to travel the entire length of the
my house may loom much more Darien from the highway's end at
important than before. Chepo to the Colombian border.
Prosperity... Depression He found no head-hunting In-
"Thus saturation (of personal dians, had no narrow escapes from
needs) may not emerge after many
years of substantial purchases. "
Therefore, it is not automatic and Sixth Annual
inevitable that prosperity be fol-
lowed by a depression. Course
"Under certain circumstances, Slate
however, mass saturation may oc-
cur and depressions may occur. On Furniture
"It is the secure, optimistic and
confident people who upgrade Sixth annual summer course,
their possessions and proceed from "Trouble Shooting in the Wood-
one need to another," he asserted. Furniture Industry," will begin
"On the other hand, people are Monday at the University.
most likely to postpone purchasesModyathUnvrty
when they feel uneasy about their Sponsored jointly ny the Uni-
own futures or about the future versity Department of Wood Tech-
course of the economy. We give up nology, Summer Session and Ex-
aspirations when we have failed tension Service, enrollment in the
to attain them." course islimited to 18 persons.
Consumer Saving In the past, says Stephen B.
The director of Survey Research Preston, chairman of the Depart-
Center's economics program found ment of Wood Technology ,and
similar relationships in consumer director of the program, 62 per-
saving. sons representing 16 states and
"In our studies," he told the two foreign countries have at-
Congress, "we found many people tended.
who strove hard to 'save so as Objective of the week-long
to' achieve a specific goal, for in- course is to help woodworking
stance, to have enough for a down plants and affiliated industries
payment on a house. save money by minimizing costly
"What happens after this goal reworking or rejection of defective
has been achieved? Will these manufactured parts, says Preston.
people save less? Emphasis, he says, is placed on
"Quite commonly, this is not the analyzing actual production and
case. The family will continue to service rejects to determine the
save, but for new goals; for in- cause of problems and preventive
stance, to educate their children measures that might have been
or to have an emergency fund." taken in advance.
Prof. Katona has supervised The course is designed for ex-
work on the annal surveys of con- ecutives, plant personnel, and
sumer finance conducted for the quality control men from the
Federal Reserve Board, one of furniture and other woodworking
Center's best known activities. industries. It is also open to repre-
Following the Congress, he and sentatives of equipment and nia-
Mrs. Katona plan to vacation in terial manufacturers and suppliers
Europe. .who service the industry.
SelectedImported Bria r