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Sixty-Sixth Year
EDITED AND MANAGED BY STUDENTS OF THE UNIYERS-TY OF MICHIGAN
UNDER AUTHORITY OF BOARD IN CONTROL OF STUDENT PUBLICATIONS
STUDENT PUBLICATIONS BLDG. * ANN ARBOR, MIcH. * Phone NO 2-3241

"Listen-We Even ManageI 't Coexist With Stalin"

When Opinions Are Free,
Truth Will Prevai"

Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers or
the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.
SATURDAY, JULY 21, 1956 NIGHT EDITOR: DONNA HANSON
What They Can't Take With
Them, Republicans Give Away
ONE OF THE things upon which both the 485 million-dollar federal dam in the Snake
Republicans and Democrats seem to reach River at Hells Canyon on the Idaho-Oregon
an eventual agreement is simply that you can't border, has been a subject of c9ntroversy for
take it with you when you go. some time. The controversy has ranged mostly
And they are probably right. A person sel- around the fact that the Idaho Power Company
dom ever sees an armored truck in a funeral wants to construct three smaller dams on the
procession, not even at the droll passing of a same site.
miserable miser, or the more elaborate, flower- The three smaller dams proposed by Idaho
laden carnivals that assist the most affluent Power would have neither the generating
gangsters on their way. capacity, nor as much flood-prevention control
But "taking it with them" Is one thing our as the larger, federal dam originally proposed.
good Republican brethern won't have to worry Be that as it may, however, His will has been
about. They're giving it away now. done
Ever since He ascended to office the public THIS FALL He will go before the people seek-
property of the people has gradually become ing votes for another term at the helm. He
tinted with the stigma of creeping socialism. will no doubt promise the people-and especi-
The waters of the great public dams that give ally the private interests-many higher man-
unparallelel energy and life-saving flood control sions beyond Hells Canyon.
to a fast growing portion of the nation now But before the people let the stars get in
seem to have a reddish tint in the sunlight, their eyes-again-they might well ask them-
And the Marxian error of having put the forty- selves, and especially Him, these questions:
eight states between two oceans was obviously Will the bears in Yellowstone be skinned
fraudulent. Tidelands Oil proved that. next winter by the private interests?
Why is it socialistic to build dams and sell
THE EISENHOWER Administration's han- federal power and flood control to farmers on
dling of the national forests can, of course, be the one hand, and non-socialistc to pay farmers
overlooked. It is rather foolish for the people's to splow under their crops on the other?
trees to be standing stupidly around in a forest, If these theories were continued to their
especially when somebody could saw them up ultimate conclusions would the University's
for lumber at a profit. Americans goofed when Residence Hals system eventually be leased
they thought of national parks in the first to Conrad Hilton?
place. Obviously, all public property should One Republcan Senator labeled Hells Can-
belong to the private interests. yon "a steal." A steal from whom-Idaho
But His real victory was attained Thursday Power-or every man, woman and child in the
when the Senate rejected the Hells Canyon United States?
Dam bill. The bill, which proposed to build a -ROY AKERS
Dulles Bluff-Will Egyt Call?
THE DECISION has been made; the question Now the question of whether Russia will re-
is-will it work? new its previous bids to finance the Project and
Secretary of State John Foster Dulles, in his whether Egypt will accept them. If Russia does
cancellation of America's bid to help finance offer aid, and this seems highly probable,
Egypt's Aswan Dam project, has adopted a Egypt will be confronted with the choice of
startlingly new "get tough" policy todwards either accepting the Russian offer with all the
that Middle Eastern country. In fact, it is contingencies that such aid implies, or not
almost an "I don't care what you do" attitude building the huge dam at all in the immediate
which pervades in State Department releases. future.
Since Great Britain and the World Bank
have also followed suit and withdrawn their NASSER KNOWS that he cannot be assured
finance bids, Egypt has been told in effect- of Russian support in Mid-East problems
if you want to run the risk of doing business -Soviet aid to Israel proves this-but he now
with the Soviet Union, go right ahead. has lost hope of Western aid.
Secretary Dulles and his advisors have sev- Secretary Dulles' bluff, of course, is that
eral reasons behind this move, but their strate- Egypt will not allow itself to become entangled
gem seem to be a good old diplomatic bluff. with teams of Soviet technicians and other
Official rationale behind the new policy is that officials. Nasser is well aware of what such
Egypt has failed since December to reach agree- action might lead to, but he also wants what is
ment with the Sudan and other riparians on a best for his country. And as it is designed, the
division of Nile River waters, and that Egypt's Aswan Dam project would have increased
ability to devote adequate resources to the Egypt's cultivatable land by one-third and
project "has become more uncertan than at multiplied its electric power resources by eight.
Since about 96 per cent of Egypt's total land
THIS WAS a reference to the recent Egypt- area is barren desert, the rapidly growing popu-
Czechoslovakia arms deal in which Egypt lation is squeezed into the fertile Nile Valley
has supposedly mortgaged off a large part of at a density of 1,60 per square mile, Thus
its cotton crop for years to pay for this and the Aswan Dam would be a big step toward
other barter deals with Communist countries. raising that country's economic level.
However, the diplomatic relationship that It might well be that Nasser is willing to
has developed between Middle Eastern countries gamble on Russian aid rather than not build
and the West during the past several months is the dam at all. In such instance the United
cited as an even stronger reason for the sudden States will lose valuable diplomatic ground in
switch in American policy. The State Depart- a troubled and strategic part of the world.
ment wants to end ideas prevalent in many Secretary Dulles is playing tight-fisted poker.
neutral nations that their best interests can be Are the stakes so high that Egypt will call his
gained by playing the United States and Russia bluff?
against each other. -MARY ANN THOMAS
INTERPRETING THE NEWS:
NasserTa c D c TS.
Nasser Tactics Discourage u. .

' k-11, I I

BOOK REVIEWS
Detective Stortes
Light Summer Readig,
THE FACELESS ADVERSARY, by Frances and Richard Lockridge,
Lippincott.
The Lockridges, creators of Mr. and Mrs. North, are off and running
in "The Faceless Adversary" with their thirty-second detective novel.
For the occasion they have concocted a story about a personable
young man, John Hayward, who is accused of murdering a woman he
claims he never set eye on in his life. The police, of course, have a dif-
ferent view on the matter and see to itthat several of its representa-
tives are constantly at Hayward's heels reminding him of same.
With Hayward's assigned custodians being rather charming fel-
lows in their own right, the situation generates some interesting mo-

'4

,

WASHINGTON MERRY-GO-ROUND:
Real-Estater On Way Out
By DREW PEARSON

I

SOMETIMES it takes a long
time, but eventually the Ameri-
can voting public gets wise. The
democratic system always perco-
lates.
In the last few weeks it looks
as if the voters of Oklahoma had
got wise to theIm real-estate Con-
gressman, Rep. Victor Wicker-
sham, Democrat, of Mangum,
Okla. Next week they may perco-
late him out of a job.
Three weeks ago a margin of
voters figured their boy in Con-
gress needed more time to tend to
his many real-estate ventures and
that Judge Toby Morris, an ex-
Congressman with a fine record
in Washington, would have more
time to handle their problems in
Washington. The margin was
close, but Toby came out on top,
Next week they face a run-off.
It's a run-off in which the fast-
selling real-estate Congressman is
staging a desperate campaign.
With ample money to spend and
a well-greased organization, he is
pulling every political trick out
of the bag, especially the usual
1 a s t-m i n u t e "pro-Communist"
smears against Judge Morris.
He's accusing Judge Morris of
voting against the Nixon-Mundt
bill aimed at outlawing the Com-
munist Party, which did not pass
Congress, though Morris did vote
for the Smith Act, which was just
as tough on the Communists and
which did pass Congress.
He's taken full-page ads all over
the district, making it appear that
the American Legion and the
VFW are against Judge Morris,
though Legion service officer Joe
Zippin denies this to be the case.
* * *
HE'S USED his Congressional
frank to a fare-thee-well. He of-
fered Sheriff Everett Hale of Co-
manche County $2,500 to handle

his campaign, which the Sheriff
declined. And he called a meeting
of contractors in the Skirvin-
Tower Hotel in Oklahoma City to
raise more money in a desperate
effort to keep his place in the sun
in Washington.
Despite all this, he's been so far
on the losing side.
In contrast, Judge Morris had
exactly $6 left when the polls
opened in the first primary. A
little money has trickled in since,
but apparently he hasn't needed
too much. He's had one mighty
good substitute, the fact that Lin-
coln was right when he said, "You
can't fool all of the people all of
the time."
Looking back on the long Con-
gressional career of Victor Wick-
ersham, it must be admitted that
he has fooled a lot of people a long
time.
Looking back through my files, I
find that I published a story as
early as Dec. 12, 1949, seven years
ago, showing how Victor had put
James W. Taylor on his Congres-
sional payroll, paid $7,720 by all
the taxpayers though he was trav-
eling for the Herd Equipment Co.
of Oklahoma City at the time;
also how Lloyd Matthews, who
hadn't been around the Congress-
man's office for months, was em-
ployed in Victor's Washington
real-estate office at $2,298-paid
by the taxpayers.
After this, Victor called me a
liar.
However, on the day this col-
umn was published, his assistant,
Lloyd Matthews, wrote this sig-
nificant letter to Aubrey Witt, also
on Wickersham's staff:
"Mr. Wickersham told me to
do exactly what I had planned to
do anyway, keep my mouth shut.
Amazing how a man's magnani-
mity increases in direct proportion

to the duress under which he is
subjected. He, out of the clear
blue sky, asked me how I would
like to help with the census. His
remark was plainly forced, but
he said it, adding whipped cream
to the dessert, he continued: 'How
would you like to go to West
Point?"'
* , *
VICTOR MADE a pretense of
going out of the real-estate busi-
ness after that. He said he turned
over his office in the nation's cap-
ital to his brother-in-law, Paul E.
Butterfield, who was later con-
victed of not returning purchasers'
deposits.
With the lapse of time, however,
Victor has cast all pretense to
the winds. He has been in the real-
estate business up to his ears, and
made no bones about it. Probably
he has bought and sold more land
than any other Congressman in
all American history. This is not
because few Congressman have
ever been in the real-estate busi-
ness, but because Victor has gone
in for really extensive operations.
One deal involved a half-mil-
lion-dollar land purchase 20 miles
outside of Washington in south-
ern Maryland where the Air Force
planned a signal installation.
A * h
ANOTHER WAS the purchase
of 376 acres near the Potomac in
westerndMaryland, which, it just
happened, was coveted by the
Geological Survey. This deal
netted Victor a profit of around
$185,000.
Another deal was on the other
side of the Potomac in Virginia,
not far from where the Central
Intelligence Agency plans a huge
new layout. Land values in that
area have been shooting up like
crazy.
(Copyright 1956, by Bell Syndicate, Inc.)

ments. Hayward and his fiancee,
Barbara, get to work on the task
of clearing him, and ultimately
come up with a lesson in detection
for the members of the police
force, companionable and other-
wise.
* * *
THE CRIMSON IN THE PURPLE,
by Holly Roth, Simon & Schuster.
Bill Farland is a private detec-
tive of six-months' standing, hav-
ing inherited a private detective
agency in an imaginative, if not
probable, manner. To celebrate the
half-year mar}k he takes on the
Catherine Hadden case which rap-
idly mixes him up with the glam-
orous Hadden clan, a rich and
powerful family that, as a unit,
inhabits a fortress-like mansion
on Riverside Drive in New York.
All the build-up, though, is dis-
appointing, for the proceedings
from this point forward are rou-
tine and - in contrast to the
title - quite colorless.
The Hadden theatrical back-
ground is ineffectively played
upon and, despite spawning mur-
der and threats to Catherine's life,
the Riverside mansion fails to as-
sume the foreboding character
the author seemed to intend for
it.
A MODEL FOR MURDER, by
Julius Fast, Rinehart.
Julius Fast's old-maid detective,
Elizabeth Rutledge, does a much
better job here than D. B. Olsen's
spinster mainly because of a
cracking good story. A lovely and
sympathetic model plunges from
a brownstone apartment window
almost at Miss Rutledge's feet.
Since she and her newspaper-
stand bookie had always admired
the quiet and gentle girl, Miss
Rutledge feels that she has an al-
most personal obligation to find
out the circumstances behind the
tragic incident.
A twin sister and an ingratiat-
ing young man lend assistance -
which is only partial since they
are developing other interests -
and the whole affair is efficient-
ly settled by the lovable spinster
who had been so busy that she
actually missed several days' bets
with her bookie.
* * *
DEATH WALKS ON CAT FEET,
by D. B. Olsen, Doubleday.
Over half of the twenty mystery
titles credited to veteran crime-
writer D. B. Olsen have involved
cats in some form or other in their
titles. These animals have also
been worked into the action of the
plot with varying effects and re-
sults.
The latest Olsen title, "Death
Walks on Cat Feet", involves
spinsterly Rachel Murdock (Miss
Rachel) in violence that has its
beginning as a blond is tossed
through a pet shop window. You
see the tie-in now? Well, the
slow-moving and commonplace
"investigation" that Miss Rachel
launches to catch her criminal
makes this reviewer wish that D.B.
Olsen had granted the cat idea
nine lives and then quit, turning to
some other field of interest.
Really, the only notable contri-
bution the story makes is to add
a new object to the honored list
of "blunt instruments" - you
guessed it: a can of cat food.
-Donald A. Yates

DAILY
OFFICIAL
BULLETIN
The Daily Official Bulletin is an
official publication of the University
of Michigan for which the Michigan
Daily assumes no editorial responl-
bility. Notices should be sent in
TYPEWRITTEN from the Room 353
Administration Building before 2 p.m.
the day preceding publication.
SATURDAY, JULY 21, 1958
VOL. LXVIII, NO. 195
General Notices
Consultation Services, auspices of the
Office of the Summer Session and the
Department of Physical Education for
Men. "What's wrong with your Game?"
5:00 p.m., Mon., July 23, Tues., July
24, Wed., July 25, U-M Golf Course,
Lectures
The Soviets in World Affairs, aus-
pices of the Inter-Departmental Sem-
inar in RussianStudies.d Soviet i-
tary Pol icy in Europe and the Near
East." Col. William R.! Kintner, senior
military advisor, Operations Research
Office, Washington, D. C. 8:00 p.m.,
Tues.. July 24, West Conference Room
Rackham.
Foreign Language Lectures: Prof.
Theodore Andersso, Associate Direc-
tor of the Foreign Language Program
of the Modern Language Association
of America will lecture wed., July 25,
at 4:10 p.m. in Room 429 Mason Hall
on, "Expanding Opportunities for the
Foreign Language Teacher." The pub.'
lie is invited.
Concerts
Organ Recital by Frederick Marriott,
guess organist, 4:15 p.m. Sun., July 22
In Hill Auditorium. Compositions by
Purcell, Kerll, Sweelinck, Handel, Bach,
Franck, David, and two works by Mar-
riott. Open to the public without
charge.
Collegium Musicum, 8:30 p.m. Mon,
July 23, in the Rackham Assembly Hall
directed bysLouise Cuyler; performed
by Jane Stoltz Michael Avharan,
violin, Charles Fisher, piano, Francese
Watson, Cynthia Allen, flutes, wiley
Hitchcock, harpsichord, and singers
Margaret Eddie, Monica Wildfang, Judy
Tatham, Elizabeth Wehrman, Lloyd
Ketterling, Norman Bradley Walter
Collins, Marshall Franke, Charles None-
man, David Strickler. Donald Plott,
Conductor of the Summer Session
IChoir, will conduct a group of madri-
gals on the program. Open to the gen-
eral public.
Harpsichord Recital by Alice Ehlers.
lecturer in the School of Music, :30
p.m. Tues., July 24, in the Rackhami
Lecture Hall. Compositions by Bach,'
Couperin, Handel, Pachelbel Rameau,
Scarlatti. Open to the public without
charge.
Student Recital Cancelled. The re-
cital previously announced for Wd.,
July 25, by James Berg, bass, has been
cancelled. Berg plAns to present his
recital during the first semester of
1956-57.
Symphony Orchestra Concert Can-
celled. The concert by the Summer
Session Symphony Orchestra, Josef
Blatt, conductor, announced on the
School of Music publication "Coming
Events for July" has been cancelled,
(Had been scheduled for July 28 n
Hill Aud.)
The orchestra will appear in the pro-
duction of La Boheme to be presented
by the Department of Speech and the
School of Music Aug. 9, 10, 11, 13 in
Lydia Mendelssohn Theater. Tickets
will. be available at the Lydia Men-
delssohn box offic soon.
Academic Notices
Doctoral Preliminary Examinations
for Students in Education. All appli-
cants for the doctortae who are plan.
ning to take the August Preliminary
Examinations in Educaton, Aug. 20 21
and 22, 1956, must file their names with
the Chairman of Advisors to Grad-
uate Students, 4019 University High
School Building, not later than Aug
1, 1956.
Seniors: College of L.S & A., and
Schools of Education, Music, Public
Health, and Business Administration:
Tentative lists of seniors .for August
graduation have been posted on the
bulletin board in the first floor lobby,
Administration Building. Any change

therefrom should be requested of the
Recorder at Office of Registration and
Records window number 1, 1513 Admin-
istration Buildings
Aeronautical Engineering Seminar;
Dr. Sin-I Cheng, Assistant Professor,
Aeronautical Engineering Department,
Princeton University, will speak on In-
teraction of a vicious Layer With an
Inviscid Fluid. Tues., July 24, and
Thurs., July 26, at 4:00 p.m. in Room
1504 East Engineering Building.
La Petite Causette, informal French
conversation group will meet in the
Snack Bar of the Michigan Union Mon.,
July 22. at 4:00 p.m. All persons wish-
ing to talk French are invited to join
the group.
Placement Notices
PERSONNEL REQUESTS:
Mich. Bell Telephone Co., Ypsilanti
area, has an opening for a woman with

4

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4

a
'I

By I. M. ROBERTS
Associated Press News Analyst
TH E ANNOUNCEMENT by the United States
and Britain that they were pulling out of
the Egyptian Aswan Dam project does not
represent a sudden decision.
For months they had tried to get President
Nasser to work out a program with them, in-
stead of accepting a Russian offer which would
have amounted to a political as well as an
economic mortgage on practically all of Egypt.
Nasser stalled. He was trying to play off the
Russians against the West for the best terms
possible.
Yugoslavia was playing the same game,
Similar tendencies were beginning to appear
among some of America's own allies in the
Orient as well as among other so-called neu-
tralists.
Editorial Staff
LEE MARKS, Managing Editor
Night Editors
Dick Halloran, Donna Hanson, Arlene Liss.

THE UNITED STATES had to make up her
mind whether l to permit this continuous
whipsawing or to put her foot down.
But Egypt, until that time, had been con-
sidered a key to all Africa, a key which mush
be kept out of Russian hands while Africa
is going through the same nationalistic up-
heavals which so disturb Asia.
Nasser not only failed to meet any Western
standards for cooperation, but deliberately did
things damagng to Western interests.
' The dam was a bad business proposition,
since Nasser already had mortgaged Egypt's
cotton crops for a long time to pay for Com-
munist-made arms.
IT INVOLVED disagreeable relations with
other countries such as Sudan and Ethiopia,
and African territories in which the British
are struggling for an even-gaited development
of nationalism as against a runaway.
It involved building up the Egyptian threat
to Israel. The Unted States first came to the
conclusion that, if Nasser did finally accept,
political clauses would have to go into the
contract to restrict his anti-Western activi-
ties. Then, finally, it was decided to call off
the whole thing.
l 7' . -. ... -

TODAY AND TOMORROW:
Basic U.S. Military Policy Under Consideration

4

By WALTER LIPPMANN
THERE ARE going on inside the
government two big arguments
about military policy, The one has
been brought into the open
through the Symington Sub-Com-
mittee, prompted, it seems plain
enough, by high but not the very
highest officers of the Air Force.
This argument is about whether
the money asked for by the Ad-
ministration is enough to keep us
ahead of the Soviet Union in the
ultimate nuclear weapons. Out of
this argument has come the action
of Congress in voting $900,000,000
more for the Air Force than the
President asked for.
The second argument, which
was brought into the open in dis-
patches by Mr. Anthony Leviero,
turn on proposals by Admiral Rad-
ford to reduce the armed force by
about 800,000 men during the com-
ing three years. This would mean
a smaller army but one armed

armaments and the other a power-
ful but conventional army, navy
and air force. It would mean that
both military establishments would
be second rate. Insofar as the
Radford proposals face up to the
dilemma, they will have a sympa-
thetic hearing.
* * *
FOR THE general public the
most serious question is raised by
those who make the following
argument. Now that the U.S.S.R.
and the U.S.A. have reached a
stalemate in nuclear weapons,
neither will dare to use them. This
will mean that military aggression
with conventional weapons-like
that of the North Koreans-can be
undertaken without fear of nuclear
penalties. It is necessary, there-
fore, to be ready to resist conven-
tional aggresison with a conven-
tional army, navy and the air
force.
Without saving that it is theo-

probable that for the visible future
wars of this type will be absorbed
into the over-all nuclear stale-
mate. This calculation should not
prove to be an imprudent risk.
THE ASSUMPTION which lies
at the root of the argument is that
the alternative to general nuclear
war is local conventional war. I
wonder. It seems to me that the
real alternative is first, guerrilla
warfare and second, political infil-
tration and maneuver. Against
neither of these kinds of warfare
are the conventional American
military forces prepared to be ef-
fective.
What fighting there is in the
world today is in Algeria and in
Cyprus and in Palestine. Such
guerilla warfare can be an effec-
tive kind of warfare in a sense
that it wins concessions. But it is
not the kind of warfare for which
Americannmilitar nDowr. ucear

WE ARE vulnerable in Ger-
many, in Japan, in Vietnam,, in
Korea and in Formosa, nbt to'
military aggression but to political
infiltration and maneuver. Red
China is working to make a deal
with the Chinese in Formosa, and
who can be at all confident that
they will not succeed, if not now
behind Chiang's back then later
on when Chiang goes?
The same kind of thing is under
way behind Dr. Syngman Rhee's
back in South Korea and behind
Diem's in South Vietnam. In Ger-
many negotiations with the East
are not very far off, and once Dr.
Adenauer retires, they are certain
to take place.
The critics of the Radford thesis,
who want to maintain convention-
al forces big enough to fight an-
other Korean war, may fairly be
asked at what place, where our in-
terests are at Rtake. awaro f the

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