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when uPintons Ate Pre.c
Truth Will Prevall"
AT THE STATE:
'King and I Presents
Problems of Form
'THE KING AND I" has received as much notice, at the hands of
the press and the publicity department at 20th Century-Fox, as
was possible. There can have been little doubt that it would be a good
picture, both because of the superiority of the stage version and because
of the personnel involved in the transfer to celluloid.
And it is a good picture, one that sets itself goals appropriate to the
Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers or
the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.
SATURDAY, JULY 14, 1956 NIGHT EDITOR: DONNA HANSON
Democrats Will Attack
Everyone But Ike
DEMOCRATS MAY BE COUNTED ON to
stage an interesting election campaign. They
will probably attack everything but the Pres-
ident himself. Nixon, the President's cabinet,
facets of economic policy-all will come in for
heavy criticism. But the Democrats have learn-
ed that the personal appeal of the General
is too powerful to attack directly.
Even the issue of the President's health will
have to be handled delicately. Rather than
attack the President's decision to run again,
a normally logical focus, Democrats will pkob-
ably adopt the line: "Ike's a great guy, it isn't
fair to kill him by forcing the burden of office
upon him again."
But the President's age and recent hospitali-
zation open the door to a redoubled attack on
a man Democrats have always found easy to
Alright, Democrats will claim, so Ike's not
too bad, but he's old and sick and if you vote
Republican, you might be voting for Nixon for
president. Along with blasting Nixon's abili-
ties to do a capable job as vice-president they
will have added ammunition in that even ar-
dent Republicans would concede that Nixon
is hardly presidential calibre.
WMLSON AND DULLES will not attract votes
for the Republicans. Wilson because he
talks too much and Dulles because he runs his
department by absenteeism will both prove
detrimental to the President's attemps to suc-
ceed himself. Wilson is the symbol of big busi-
ness: "What's good for General Motors is good
for the country." He has alienated labor and
congress. Dulles, justifiably so, has been ac-
cused lately of neglecting the basic functions
of his job to act as a travelling salesman for
Despite Republican claims that our economy
is strong, healthy and prosperous, Democrats
can analyze pertinent statistics to their ad-
vantage. There is evidence to indicate that
small business has suffered under the Repub-
lican administration, that the overall increased
prosperity means simply that the gain for big
business has exceeded the loss to small bus-
iness. Voters are less likely to be impressed by
the prosperity of the Republicans if it is viewed
in this framework.
An interesting fact noted recently by one
columnist is that most Republican congress-
men want the President to run because of his
overwhelming personal appeal but have con-
sistently refused to accept him as a leader.
What does all this add up to: Democrats have
a tough fight ahead of them but with the prop-
er campaign they can win it. Rather than con-
centrate 'on mud-slingiiig and the usual epi-
thets of political campaigning they will have
to lay the record of a sick President, a wan-
dering Secretary of State, and a blabbermouth
Secretary of Defense before the voters.
Experience has demonstrated they will have
little luck with a direct attack on the Presi-
-t. v Rte ca cry
tvSi 916~*irAs }.+N4~A zat2% 'T s0
Pan Am Record Examined
By DREW PEARSON
Wilson Deserves Credit
AT A TIME when criticism of Cabinet mem-
bers is the popular pastime of political an-
ylsts and "liberal" editors, credit must be given
Secretary of Defense Charles E. Wilson for his
recent opposition to extra defense appropria-.
In a situation where neutral nations are care-
fully weighing gestures toward peace made by
the U.S. and the U.S.S.R., every statement of
defense and armaments policy must be evalu-
ated in terms of what effect it will have on the
confidence of these neutrals in the United
States. These nations have a longstanding mis-
trust of the Western imperialism they have
only recently thrown off.
It is under these circumstances that the
Eisenhower Administration has wisely chosen
to limit our defense efforts to research and
overwhelming retaliatory forces. It is under
these same circumstances that the Democratic
majority in Congress has chosen to vote the
Defense Department an extra $800,000,000 the
latter believes cannot and should not be com-
mitted to defense.
Although the Democrats claim that a policy
of massive retaliation overlooks the possibility
of another Korean type conflict, they fail toy,
realize that under the NATO and SEATO
treaties, any prospective aggressor faces com-
mitted opposition. It is a fact that the North
Koreans attacked a South Korea that was not
within the United States' defense perimeter.
Moreover, any aggressor also faces the use of
atomic warfare on the tactical as well as stra-
tegic level. It is doubtful that a nation will
consider another Korea profitable under these
Perhaps, the Secretary of Defense has made
statements that made him the target for a good
deal of rightful criticism, but in the, case of
the unwanted $800,000,000, he has been made
the tool of unfortunate politicking.
Controversy Over Dick
Airways, which advertises itself
as "the world's most experienced
airways," has also taken more
newspaper editors and publishers
on free junkets and employs more
lobbyists and public-relations men
than any other airway.
The full force of this public-
relations battery is always brought
to bear on any newsman who dares
report on the activities of one of
the biggest airlines, and a recent
column by this writer was no ex-
The column in question was
dedicated to the question of air
safety and illustrated the manner
in which the- Civil Aeronautics
Board and Civil Aeronautics Au-
thority had failed to take proper
safety precautions. It was not
aimed at Pan Americans Airways.
though a search of CAB-CAA fil-
es shows that Pan Am has been
the chief offender when it comes
to preventable accidents in the last
Actually the column was much
less critical of Pan Am than of-
ficial records justified.
But since Pan American's pub-
lic-relations men have now con-
cocted a letter to newspapers de-
nying various references to two
Pan American accidents which
could have been prevented; and
since the safety of American life
on the airways is of crucial im-
portance, let's take a more com-
plete look at the Pan American
safety record, as published in of-
ficial CAB records.
WHEN A Pan American Boe-
ing 377 ditched in the Pa-
cific 35 miles off the coast of Ore-
gon in March, 1955, the CAB
made an examination of other Pan
American propellers. This was be-
cause a propeller had worked
loose on the No. 3 engine and
caused the engine to fall out.
The shocking fact was that the
CAB found 13.5 per cent of the
Pan American planes on the Pa-
cific-Alaska division to have rusty
or corroded propeller blades.
Here is the official finding of
the CAB, page 7, accident investi-
gation report, file no. 1-0039:
"Corrosion which is known of-
ten to serve as foci foi fatigue
failure was found on 13.5 per cent
of the PAWA-Pacific-Alaska di-
Pan Am also stated in its de-
nial of my column: "The CAB re-
port definitely states: 'The aircraft
was ditched under control."
Merely because a big corpora-
tion states something to be a fact
dosen't make it a fact, no matter
how many public-relations men it
employs. Here is exactly what the
CAB report stated:
"A Pan American World Air-
ways Boeing 377 N 1032V was,
ditched in the Pacific Ocean .. .
after No. 3 engine and propeller
tore loose and fell free, followed
by control difficulties."
THIS DOESN'T SOUND much
like being ditched "under control."
The record makes various other
references to the plane's uncon-
trollability, as follows: It "appear-
ed to be on the verge of a spin.. .
the captain tried to get the air-
plane under control . . . he still
could not get the nose up - - .
the aircraft continued to descend
rapidly . . . a message was broad-
cast that ditching was imminent
. . . contact with the water was
severe; the impact dislodged life
rafts and some seats were torn
Yet Pan Am in its official de-
nial states that the CAB states
that "the aircraft was ditched un-
Pan Am also denied my stat-
ment that "CAB investigation re-
vealed the pilot had been unable
to increase the power of the three
good engines to compensate for
No. 3 due to electrical failure."
Here is exactly what the CAB
reported: "The tearing away of
No. 3 engine obviously created a
short in that portion of the sys-
tem serving No. 3 engine. A sub-
sequent attempt by the flight en-
gineer to increase R.P.M. by use
of all switches simultaneously re-
sulted in opening of the master
circuit breaker so that the R.P.M.
of none of the remaining three en-
gines could be changed."
Increasing the R.P.M., or revolu-
tions per minute, is of course in-
ACTUALLY THE SITUATION
was worse than I reported, for
Pan Am failed to teach the flight
engineer what to do in such an
emergency. Says the CAB:
"The specific contingency that
occurred in this accident was nev-
er taught in any of these classes
(which the flight engineer had at-
tended nor had the company ,Pan
Am) issued any specific instruc-
tions in regard thereto."
Most blatant lie by Pan Ameri-
can was in connection with a near
accident over Venice, Italy, when
a Pan Am DC7B caught fire, in
its No. 3 engine. In denying any
responsibility, Pan Am states:" The
first information issued by Ham-
ilton Standard to DC7B opera-
tions that propeller governor
shafts should be replaced was on
December 29, 1955, one day after
the accident occurred."
a * a .
ACCORDING TO THE official
CAB report, this was completely
false. The statement was an in-
teresting piece of camouflage con-
cocted by Pan Am public-relations
men. Here is what the CAB acci-
dent investigation report file No.
1-0178 stated on page 4:
"In November, 1955, all DC7B
operators were advised by the pro-
peller manufacturer (Hamilton
Standard) that as a result/-of the
failures a program was being ini-
tiated to replace all governor drive
shafts bearing the part No. 67035
with a new shaft, part No. 321822."
Pan Am had not complied with
this recommendation at the time
of the near accident over Venice
on December 28, and it was not
until January 16, 1956, that the
CAB issued directive 56-2-2, mak-
ing the change mandatory. My
chief criticism was of the CAB-
CAA for "not requiring all com-
panies to make an immediate
change in a part which had been
found to be defective.
Pan American may be the
world's most experienced airline,
but its public-relations experts are
certainly not the most truthful.
(Copyright 1956, by Bell Syndicate, Inc.)
form, and that attains these goals
well be the best example of the
American film musical.
Its stars are Deborah Kerr and
Yul Brynner, who play the Eng-
lish governess and the child-like
but ambitious King of Siam. This
is Miss Kerr's first musical film,
but the quality of the script makes
her songs the only departure from
her theatrical career. The role is
a dramatic one, demanding a fair
amount of ability and subtlety,
and Miss Kerr's experience has
given her the necessary technique
for the job.
Yul Brynner's suitability is not
to be questioned. His performance
on the stage accounted for a good
portion of the play's success, and
he has made the essential adjust-
ments to motion picture acting.
He plays the King with sensitivity
and devotion, with' simple humor
and genuine passion.
« * e
IN THEIR MANY scenes to-
gether Miss Kerr and Mr. Bryn-
ner act and react most convincing-
ly, though perhaps his power is
slightly more than Miss Kerr can
meet. The growth of their mutual
affection is almost imperceptible,
and yet surely present, making the
final departure a magnificent
scene of honest and simple senti-
ment. It is the kind of scene that
many film melodramas might well
This really humble story is en-
acted in an extraordinary Siamese
palace. All details (accurate or
not-accuracy has never been an
element in screen musicals) are
polished to a high degree of luster,
and "The King and I" is lavish as
no film has ever been.
IN SHORT, every aspect of the
film is expertly done-choreogra-
phy, art direction, music, screen-
play, direction. And yet the pro-
duction is wanting.
It is not at all the fault of this
particular film, but is simply the
logical end of the conventions and
traditions of the Hollywood musi-
cal. It is a form which must,
ultimately, destroy the unity of a
production. The form prescribes
certain characteristic activities and
elements, really quite obvious ones
such as singing, dancing, a more or
less fanciful story, an attractive
setting, a combination of serious
and comic events-the list may be
extended at will.
These remarks may apply as
well to the Broadway musical, with
one very large reservation: a stage
norformance can potentially never
be as slick and flawless as a film
: ;rmance. There is too much
humanity on the stage, and t' -
will always be a slightly different
emotional reaction to seeing a
play well done. In a film small
technical mistakesnare exasperat-
ing, for they need not have been
presented; in a theater they are
part of the game.
* * *
BUT IF a film can attain its
ends, if it can present an almost
perfect example of every element
involved in the form, the result is
not perfection. It is simply two
hours' worth of independent excel-
lences. For example, Miss Kerr
and Mr. Brynner enact a very
touching and simple scene in which
they recognize their love; it is
superbly played, but played in as
majestic and perfect a palace as
Hollywood has ever built. And the
love scene Is almost lost in it.
Finally, then, the question must
involve the importance of unity
in this kind of entertainment -
for, minute by minute, there is no
better representative of the form.
What has now pricked our slug-
gish conscience, and released such
a flood of words about aid, is the
Soviet Union's frank attempt to
take over our Point Four program
where we left off . . . With them
it's, mostly barter, not aid.
fully and precisely. It may very
The Daily Official Bulletin is an
official publication of the University
of Michigan for which the Michigan
Daily assumes no editorial responsi-
bility. Notices should be sent in
TYPEWRITTEN from the Room 3553
AdministrationBuilding before 2 p.m.
the day preceding pblication.
SATURDAY, JULY 14, 1956
VOL. LXVIII, NO. 14E
University Lecture, Mon., July 16,
4:10 p. m., Room 1300 Chemistry
Building. Prof. Klaus Clusius, Universi-
ty of Zurich, will speak on "Recen
Development in the Thermal Diffu-
sion of Isotopes."
University Lecture: 3:00 p. m., Mon~.
July 16. Aud. A, Angell Hall, demn-
stration-lecture by Maynard Klein Di-
rector University of Michigan Choirs,
on "The High School Choral Reper-
toire." Open to the general public.
University Lecture by Henry Austin,
Department of Speech, "Problems of
Musical Production, "7:00 p. in., Mon.,
July 1, in Aud. A, Angell Hall. Spo-
sored by the Department of Music Ed-
ucation of the School of Music; open
to the general public.
UniversityeLecture, sponsored by the
Department of Music Education of the
School of Music, 7:00 p. m., Wed., July
18, Aud. A, Angeli Hall: lecture (with
film) on "Music, An Asset or a Liabil-
ty," by John Kendel, vice-president of
American Music Conference and former
'state supervisor of Music and Assist-
ant Superintendent of Public Instruc-
tion in Michigan. Open to the general
The Circle, W. Somerset Maugham's
comedy, will be presented .by the De-
partment of Speech at 8:00 p.m. to-
night in the Lydia Mendelssohn Thea-
Student Recital: Frances Brown,
Watson, graduate student in the School
of Music, will present a recital in
lieu of a thesis in partial fulfillment
of the requirements for the degree of
Master of Music, at 8:30 p. m. on Sun.,
July 15, in Aud. A, Angell Hall. A
student of Nelson Hauenstein, she will
be assisted by virginia Catanese, pi-
ano, Elizabeth Beebe, violin Jean Har-
ter; viola, and Mary Oyer, cello. Open
to the public without charge.
Stanley Quartet Concert: 8:30 p. m.
Tues., July 17, Rackham Lecture Hall,
Mozart's Divertimento in E-flat major,
K. 563, Leslie Bassett's 'Quintetdfor
String Quartet: with Bass (1954) dedi-
cated to the Stanley Quartet and Clyde
Thompson, who will join the Quartet
in the performance, and Mozart's Quar-
tet in D major, K 575. Open to the
general public without charge.
University of Michigan Woodwind
Quintet, Nelson Hauenstein flute, Flor-
Ian Mueller, oboe, Albert Luconi, clar-
inet, Clyde Carpenter, French horn,
and Lewis Cooper, bassoon, 8:30 p. m.
Wed., July 18, in the Rackham Lec-
ture Hall. Compositions by Mozart,
Mason, Douglas Haydn, Jacoby, and
Reicha. Open to the general public
Dotoral Preliminary Examinations
for Students in Education. All appli-
cants for the doctorate who are plan-
ning to take the August Preliminary
Examinations in Education, Aug. 20, 21,
and 22, 1956, must file their names
Iwith the Chairman of Advisors to
Graduate Students, 4019AUniversity
High School Building, not later than
Aug. 1, 1956.
La Petite Causette informal French
conversation group will meet Mon.
July 16, at 4:00 p. m. in the Snack:
Bar of the Michigan Union. Anyone
wishing to speak French is welcome.
Doctoral Examination for Kiyoshi
Kitasaki, Pharmaceutical Chemistry;
thesis: "Analogs of Demerol and Am-
done," Mon., July 16, 2525 Chemistry
and Pharmacy Building, at 2:00 p. m.
Chairman, F. F. Blicke.
Luxenburg, History; thesis: "Russian
Expansion into the Caucasus and the
English Relationship Thereto", Tues.,
July 17, 3609 Haven Hall at 2:00 p.
m. Chairman, A. A. Lobanov-Rostovsky.
Camp Sherwood, Boyne City, Mich.,
wants two married couples to be coun-
selors for the rest of the summer. Al-
so one male counselor.
City of Hamilton, Ohio, has an open-
ing for a man with a degree in Traffic
Engrg. and/or Engrg. with major cours-
es in Traffic E. Applications accepted
up to July 31, 1956.
General Electric, Schenectady, N. T. is
looking for a woman with a Doctor-
ate in Personnel Admin. or Ind'l. Mgt.
(will possible consider M. A.) for an
Ward Howell Associates, Inc. Is in-
terested in finding a man with a de-
gree in Ind'. E. to b6 Director of Pro-
duction Engrg. for a company manu-
ANOTHER OF THE CIRCLE of announce-
ment makers, liaison men, or what-have-you
around the President has come out of a huddle
with Ike to say that Ike is pleased about Nixon
being his running mate. This time it was Leo-
nard Hall, GOP national chairman.
Well, along with this came some more sec-
on'dhand stuff: " ... as President, Mr. Eisen-
hower has never done anything to divide our
people or turn one segment or ,area against
another. He has been President of all the peo-
ple." Obviously contradicting himself, Leonard
has left the door open for alienation a-plenty.
The second statement has of course been true
up till now-lots of people will disagree with
it with Nixon on the ticket-Ike is not one for
healthy debate or controversy. Witness his fail-
ure, among others, to alienate the north or
south or agreement or disagreement with civil
rights decisions from the Supreme Court; as
President and with the kind of reputation he
has, Ike could have influenced all sorts of peo-
ple two years ago on that issue. Or alienated
But now, we are going to have influence and
alienation oved Dick. Wonder what the doctors
have to say about it.
INTERPRETING THE NEWS:
Promises But No Action
By J. M. ROBERTS
little farther when, assessing the June 30
statement of Communist policy, he said only
the establishment of democratic institutions
will genuinely insure against the corrupting
power of despotism.
The great fundamental fact of the East-
West struggle is fear of the ability of the totali-
tarians to make deliberate war, an ability not
possessed by the democracies.
Talk of agreements on other factors in the
great contest remain meaningless as long as
this vast difference exists.
Talk of democratization in Russia likewise
remains meaningless as long as Pravda can
continue to acclaim the Communist party
as the sole master of minds in the nation.
LEE MARKS, Managing Editor
Dic Hlloan D n n n.rene Liss
AS DULLES points out, the Stalin constitu-
tion of 20 years ago promised such things
as freedom of press, speech and conscience, but
nothing has been done about it.
The new leaders have had three years in
which they have done nothing except toss out a
few low-cost sops*and promises to lull people
at home and abroad.
They were quick to realize that Soviet
belligerence had solidified the free world's
opposition to Communist expansion, and to put
on a new face on that score.
But they have not undone the theft of liberty
in Eastern Europe, nor expressed anything
except impatience when it is mentioned.
Indeed, the pious statement of June 30, say-
ing the chief policy of the state is to raise
living standards, is not true except as it is
directed toward another and superseding policy.
THE FUNDAMENTAL policy of the Soviet
state is to arrive, as rapidly as possible, at a
position where its industrialization can com-
pete with that of the United States. If higher
living standards will contribute to that, well
and good. If not, the people will. continue to
take it on the chin.
This is not only to enable Russia to carry on
TODAY AND TOMORROW:
Ire's Illness Will Be Major Campaign Issue
by Walter Lippman
THE DECISION, which the
president made known to the
Congressional leaders on Tuesday,
was taken, it would appear, imme-
diately after his operation - as
soon as his doctors were satisfied
that the operation had been suc-
cessful and that they could ex-
pect a good and reasonably rapid
recovery. The decision taken then
was to consider that this second
illness was accidental and -inci-
to the heart attack. Not only had
it no negative bearing on his gen-
about running again. He faced the
issue' last winter after his first
illness, which did really raise the
question of his fitness. He had not
had to face the issue again be-
cause his ileitis and his operation,
now that he was feeling himself
again, did not affect his general
* * *
THE PRESIDENT will have no
illusion about whether his health
is going to be an issue in the com-
ing campaign. There may be all
sorts of views as to whether, and
to how, the Democrats can legit-
imately raise the issue. But it is
on the press by the President's
decision to seek another term, de-
spite his age and his serious ill-
nesses. To refrain from the dis-
cussion, not to try to inform the
discussion and to lead it and to
enlighten it, would be to engage
in a sentimental conspiracy of
silence. It would be to attempt to
conduct a momentous national
election without talking about the
main issue which is in everybody's
mind. The result would be to make
the election turn on a vast whis-
THE DISCUSSION will be a dif-
body has a right to count upon
four long years in which the Pres-
ident is under as little stress and
strain as has been Gen. Eisen-
hower since his first illness last
The people will have to judge
the question of health by the
common sense they have acquired
by experience - experience from
having known about the older gen-
eration in their own family and
among their friends. They will
be asking themselves and they
will be asking each other whether
it is prudent to re-elect him, given