(See Page 2)
Latest Deadline in the State
VOL. LXVI, No. 128 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, THURSDAY, JULY 12, 1956
In Hodge's Office
SPRINGFIELD, Ill. (M)-Illinois
'State Auditor Orville E. Hodge was
threatened with possible ouster
yesterday after refusing to answer
a prosecutor's questions about
alleged financial irregularities in
Gov. William G. Stratton, like
Hodge, a Republican, told a hastily
summoned news conference he had
ordered Hodge to double his $50,-
000 bond in 20 days or he would
declare the auditor's post vacant.
"In my estimation the public
and party confidence in the office
and its official operations no long-
er exists," Stratton said.
This blast came on the heels of
reports published in Chicago news-
papers that Stratton had ordered
Hodge to withdraw as a candidate
for re-election in November or
Republican leaders would back an
independent for the post.
Stratton declined to spell out his
exact words with Hodges at a con-
ference Tuesday, saying:
"'m not going to be put in the
" position of quoting what another
man said in confidence."
lIodge, however, declared he is
in the race to stay, even if party
leaders back an independent.
The governor said that under
his interpretation of the law,
Hodge will have to find a bonding
company that will put up another
$50,000 bond for the office-the
maximum required by Illinois law.
He said the surety will have to be
approved by himself and two mem-
bers of the Illinois Supreme Court.
Asked if he thought Hodge would
be able to get additional bond, in-
asmuch as his office operations
are slated for a grand jury investi-
gation, the governor said simply:
"I've no way of knowing."
State's Atty. George P. Coutra-
kon of Sangamon County, Spring-
field, has announced that a grand
jury investigation will be started
July 23 into possible misappropri-
ation of funds in Hodge's office.
1 The investigation centers on 41
state warrants totaling around a
Chicago newspapers have pub-
lished reports that several persons
whose names appeared on the war-
rants denied receiving the money
or being owed such funds by the
'Ho use Sude
O'Neill Tells Hollywood-Red Plan
At Public Hearing of Committee
WASHINGTON (P)-Congress was told yesterday that the Am-
erican Legion set up a system under which Legion posts around the
country got an explanation from Hollywood if they accused any film
figures of having Communist ties.
James F. O'Neil, a former national commander of the legion,
outlined the setup at a public hearing of the House Committee of
He did this in disputing earlier testimony by John Cogley, editor
T Co Availability
WASHINGTON ()-Vice Presi-
dent Richard M. Nixon, home
from a world tour, said yesterday
his. April 26 announcement for
renomination "has not changed."
He told reporters who met him
at the airport:
"In April I indicated I would be
happy to abide by any decision of
the President and the national
"Since the President has indi-
cated his decision to stand for re-
electionhas not changed, the an-
nouncement I made in April has
Nixon had told reporters April
"I informed the President that
thee that the President and
the delegates to the Republican
convention reached the decision
that it was their desire for me to
serve as the 'nominee of the Re-
publican party for vice president
that I would be honored to accept
that nomination again."
Since President Dwight D. Eis-
enhower on that date expressed
his "delighted" approval of Nixon's
decision, there has been general
agreement that the 195Rsepub-
lican ticket will duplicate 1952's
Nixon and -his wife visited the
Philippines, Formosa, Viet Nam,
Thailand, Pakistan and Turkey.
His return coincided with an
attack on him in the Senate by
Sen. Estes Kefauver (D-Tenn).
Sen. Kefauver, a candidate 'for
the Democratic presidential nom-
ination, told the Senate that "it
is an incredible fact" that the vice
president, during his tour, got into
a feud with Prime Minister Nehru
The senator said the quetion
has now been raised whether the
policy of Nixon and Secretary of
State Dulles "will not serve to
drive India and the other nations
of Asia who follow her lead into
more open friendship with the So-
Nixon had told a news confer-
ence in Pakistan that 'he had
Nehru in mind when he made an
earlier statement that acceptance
of Communist assistance is dang-
erous and "inconsistent with free-
dom" Nehru retorted that Nixon's
view was undemocratic.
Secretary Dulles told his news
conference Wednesday that In-
dian-American relations are "fun-
damentally good" even though
there are "differences in our view
about a good many international
of a Fund for the Republic "re-
port on blacklisting," that he was
a "clearance man" who helped
some entertainers who had been
blacklisted for suspected Commu-
The committee is investigating
the fund's report, which Chair-
man F. E. Walter (D-Pa) said
yesterday "isn't worth the paper
it's printed on."
O'Neil said any implication that
the legion participated in "damn-
ing anyone" or in "clearance of
anyone" was "a distortion if not
a deliberate untruth."
Newspaper columnist George
Sokolsky, also named in the hear-
ings as a "clearance man," sent
the committee a statement which
took issue with much of Cogley's
Sokolsky said the Fund's study
was marked by "inadequate re-
search" and made accusations
"without adequate proof or any at
O'Neil said the legion "consid-
ers the situation in Hollywood to
be very, very good at the present
time." He said this was a result
of an informal arrangement with
movie executives which he said
worked in this fashion:
A local legion post protested to
a movie exhibitor because some-
one connected with a film had
alleged Red links. The exhibitor
notified the moviemaker. The per-
son involved was given a chance
to make an explanation. The ex-
planation was sent to the legion
post which initiated the protest.
Then O'Neil said, the post could
make its own decision, based on
the allegations and the explana-
O'Neil estimated there were
about 100 such cases and said he
knew of none in which the explan-
ation failed to satisfy.
The legion, he said, "never en-
gaged in clearance activities;
never associated with blacklist-
ing." He said the legion takes the
position people identified with the
"Communist apparatus" should
not be employed in Hollwood.
Frederick Woltman, a New York
newspaperman, testified at the
morning session that a woman
who helped compile the "report
on blacklisting" was "sympathet-
ic to the Communist movement."
Local Lodge 142 of the American
Federation of Physically Handi-
capped Persons will hold their
meeting at 7 p.m. tonight at the
Fireplace of Island Park.
Plans for the approching ice
cream social 7-9 p.m. Saturday,
July 14, will be discussed. The
social will take place on the lawn
of the Y.W.C.A.
Anyone interested in attending
the meeting should call Viola
Stein at NO 3-0177 for transporta-
By The Associated Press
News that President Dwight
D. Eisenhower will run again
received wide publication on
news pages abroad but little
Two British newspapers
friendly to the United States
have expressed doubts that it
was a good decision. They are
the Conservative Daily Tele-
graph and the Liberal News
Chronicle. But other news-
papers held off comment in
London and the story was
buried deep inside their pages.
Italian, Egyptian, Japanese
and West German newspapers
also used the story prominently
but published little comment.
The East German Communist
papers seen in Berlin omitted
GE'TYSBURG, Pa. (')-Presi-
dent Dwight D. Eisenhower step-
ped swiftly back into a role of
political leadership yesterday and
called a hurry-up strategy session
with Republican National Chair-
man Leonard W. Hall.
Hall will hustle up from Wash-
ington Thursday to talk conven-
tion plans and campaign strategy
with the man whose political in-
tentions were clouded with some
uncertainty as late as Tuesday.
Hotfoots to Gettysburg
Once Eisenhower let the word
go out for a second time that he
wants a second term, the GOP
chairman was ready to hotfoot it
to Gettysburg for his first chat
with the President since Eisen-
hower's intestinal operation June
The Republican National Con-
vention in San Francisco now is
less than six weeks away, and
there still has to be some planning
for that and the campaign.
Presidential press s e c r e t a r y
James C. Hagerty, who announced
Hall's impending visit at the Ei-
senhower farm home, declined to
say whether the President may
embark on a schedule of more ac-
tive, energetic campaigning than
has been expected.
Eisenhower himself had pretty
much ruled out whistle-stopping
and Hall had indicated the Presi-
dent might confine himself largely
to half a dozen radio-television ap-
peals to voters. But Senate Repub-
lican Leader William F. Know-
land of California, who disclosed
Tuesday that Eisenhower is still
saying "yes" on a second term,
quoted the President as saying he
planned to campaign vigorously
this fall, at least on the foreign
As to whether that indicated a
stepped-up campaign pace for Ei-
senhower, Hagerty had little to
WASHINGTON (A) - Secretary
of State John F. Dulles took
United States' policy on neutrality
around another vast turn yesterday
and it wound up going in the
opposite direction- from what he
last set for it. -
Sec. Dulles accomplished this by
defining the neutrality which he
had denounced bitterly in a speech
a month ago in such a way that,
by his definition, there probably
are really no neutral countries in
When a reporter pointed this out
at his news conference Sec. Dulles
agreed with it.
No single issue in recent months
has produced so many confusing
and sometimes outright contradic-
tory comments from top admin-
At a news conference on June 6,
President Dwight D. Eisenhower
strongly defended the rights of
neutral nations in many instances
to their neutrality.
This alarmed the diplomats here
of Allied countries like the Philip-
pines, Pakistan and Turkey.
On June 7, therefore, the White
House put out a statement which
said that President Eisenhower,
when saying some countries had
strong reason to remain neutral,
did not mean to imply that they
obtain more security through their
neutrality than if they were allies.
He said the greatest security for
the whole free world is gained by
the system of alliances.
MOSCOW (AP)-The Soviet Par-
liament cheered yesterday a prom-
ise by Premier Nikolai A. Bulganin
that the use of women for heavy
labor in the Soviet Union will be
abolished "in the near future."
The 1,300 deputies in the Su-
premhe Soviet heard this pledge
during a speech on a new pension
bill recently announced by the
Council of Ministers. Bulganin
said heavy labor by women already
has been greatly reduced.
The promised emancipation of
the women from this sort of work
undoubtedly will arouse much
comment throughout the country,
already intrigued by a campaign
to downgrade the dead Stalin.
Bulganin plodded through an
hour and 12 minutes of prepared
Communist party boss Nikita S.
Khrushchev got up in the middle
of Bulganin's address, and after a
few remarks to Vice Premier V. M.
Molotov, walked out of the hall.
Khrushchev had not bothered to
attend earlier separate meetings
of the Parliament's two houses,
the Council of the Union and the
Council of Nationalities.
Bill Carried 284-120,
To Travel To Senate
For Further Action
WASHINGTON (RP)-The House
voted $3,600,000,000 for foreign
aid yesterday, less than 75 per cent
of what President Dwight D.
Eisenhower wanted to keep the
mutual security program going for
the next 12 months.
The appropriations bill was
passed on a rollcall vote of 284-
120 and sent to the Senate, where
a new attempt will be made to
increase the figure to around four
Harding Wilson billion dollars.
a note when Both Republican and Demo-
on says after cratic leaders in the House are in
favor of increasing foreign aid for
this fiscal year but they decided
not to risk defeat on a showdown
rro vote yesterday.
They indicated the strategy will
7 be to try to boost the total in the
Skil Senateand then awrenoa -
promise figure in a Senate-House
"I'LL GIVE YOU MY AUTOGRAPH, and write me
something grand happens to you'-Mordecai Johns
Johnson Lauds Ne
Law yers Growingk
By ADELAIDE WILEY
The increasing ability of Negro lawyers towar
fundamental rights of Negro people and their skill inr
in intermediate courts led to the recent civil righ
Supreme Court, Mordecai Johnson said yesterday.
As president of Howard University for -Negroesi
D.C., Johnson spoke in the University summer series
American Culture: Contributions of the Negro."
Johnson emphasized the importance of Howard U
school, which in the past 25 years has produced n
lawyers in thirty cases involving -
rd solving the
its decision in
: "Patterns of
ine out of ten
Crew of 200.
NICOSIA, Cyprus (-) - The
British seized 200 young Greek
Cypriots~ yesterday in a raid on
Nicosia's "Murder Mile."
Apparently their quarry got
away. They were looking for lead-
ers of EOKA, the underground
waging the campaign of violence
to bring about union with Greece.
Five hours after the sudden
roundup, there was no official
word of any important results. All
but 16 Greeks were released.
British troops and police moved
in on Ledra Street in Nicosia's in-
ner walled city.
The street is called "Murder
Mile" because of its history of
All activity in the street halted.
The British ranged through stores,
home and business houses looking
for arms'and members of EOKA.
Most of those rounded up were
merely marched under guard to
the post office grounds on the edge
of the walled city.
There they were screened and
Violence continued as the search'
went on. A military patrol found
the bullet-ridden bodies of two
men near Larnaca, on the coast
23 miles southeast of Nicosia.
A Nicosia special court sen-
tenced two Greek boys, aged 9
and 13, to 12 strokes with a cane
for throwing a bomb last April,
After beingejnected ouit of his
civil rights - "the victories won
had a profound influence on the
minds of Negro people.
"Between 1930 and 1940 many
Negroes were in candidacy for the
Communist party," Johnson said
softly in a southern accent.
Before the lecture Johnson com-
mented on the Negro in relation
to federal government.
While he said he could not com-
mit himself to anything but facts,
Johnson remarked, "Eisenhower
has failed in two ways on civil
rights: He could have had direct
conferences with leaders, and he
could have afforded a great in-
terpretation of the Supreme Court
President Eisenhower could have
"called in Sen. Byrd of Virginia
and said, 'You're the most power-
ful man in southern states-this
Court measure is a basic necessity,
and I need your cooperation.' In-
stead, Ike waited too long, made
only one 'moderationist' state-
ment, and people like Byrd had
already stated opinions the other
'Have To Consider'
"Of course, the President was
not well-we have to consider that
along with what might be lack of
Johnson said former President
Harry Truman accomplished most
for Negroes since Lincoln, "be-
cause of his spontaneous interest."
WASHINGTON (M) - The new
face-to-face meeting of labor and
management in the nationwide
steel strike is set for 4 p.m. (EST)
today in Pittsburgh.
This was announced late yes-
terday by Joseph F. Finnegan,
the chief government mediator,
after morning and afternoon meet-
ings he held in his office with
representatives of management.
"Both sides have expressed the'
willingness to go further," Finne-
gan told reporters. He said that
while no other joint meeting be-
yond Thursday's had been agreed
on, he hoped others would follow.
Finnegan said "both sides have
appeared agreeable and coopera-
But Finnegan described the sit-
uation in the 11-day-old strike as
"still a serious one."
Finnegan, director of the Fed-
eral Mediation and Conciliation
Service, met Tuesday with David
J. McDonald, president of the
United Steelworkers, which called
out its members after failure of
negotiations on a new contract.
Calls Raise Too Small
Management's last offer was a
52-month contract, which it said
would raise pay 172/3 cents an hour
for the first year.
The steel workers union said it
actually would amount to 14 cents.
It called the raise too small and
the length of the proposed con-
tract too great.
Steelworkers were a v e r a g i n g
$2.46 an hour when they went on
strike. About 730,000 workers have
been idled and the nation's steel
production has been cut by 90
WASHINGTON (U)-Sen. Joseph
Sought Five Billion
President Eisenhower asked for
about five billion in money and
carryover funds to continue the
program of military and economic
aid to combat the threat of com-
munist expansion abroad.
Last week Congress passed sep-
arate authorization legislation fix-
ing the program at about four bil-
lion dollars for the bookkeeping
year which began July 1.
The President has indicated he
will be satisfied if he finally gets
the same amount in the appropria-
tions bill, which must be passed
.before money can be spent.
On a voice vote, the House de-
feated a move to kill the whole
Then, on the final roll call, 160
Democrats and 124 Republicans
voted for passage. Seventy Repub-
licans and 50 Dem'ocrats voted
Bentley Proposal Rejected
A proposal to cut out aid to
Communist Yugoslavia, made by
Rep. A. M. Bentley (R-Mich.), was
rejected on a tellers' vote of 117-
While the House was finishing
work on the appropriations meas-
ure, the Senate pased a bill pro-
viding for a $300,000 investigation
of the whole foreign aid program.
The inquiry probably won't start
until next January.
President Eisenhower said Tues-
day that he will campaign "very
vigorously" for his foreign aid
program in the presidential cam-
paign this fall.
Some Republican leaders have
represented the President as being
"irritated" at the way the Demo-
cratic-controlled Congress has
handled foreign aid this yeaf,
TALLAHASSEE, Fla. (A')-Cities
Transit Co., announced yesterday
it soon would resume bus opera-
tions in Tallahassee on a segre-
gated seating basis, but over al-
Charles L. Carter, manager of
the transit firm, said the com-
pany was acting in response to
requests from the city's Chamber
of Commerce which had pledged
its efforts to increase patronage
in a ride-the-bus campaign.
Buses which serve the Florida
capital ceased operating July 1
because of financial losses result-
ing from a boycott by Negro
riders. Since then this city of
some 40,000 has been without a
public transport system, except
High School Students Attend Conference
High school student publication
states are attending Workshop
Conferences for high school edi-
S Otors and publications staff mem-
bers in the Journalism Department
First of three 12-day sessions
opened Monday. Enrollment is
limited to '30 students per session.
The workshop, now in its fourth
year, is an intensive course for
students working on high school
newspapers, yearbooks, and mag-
By completing actual laboratory
:!. assignments, workshop members ' :: ,..