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July 04, 1956 - Image 1

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Publication:
Michigan Daily, 1956-07-04

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North Can't .Afford
Race Hatred Peddlers
(See Page 2)

IL

Lw1A&43aU

Daitil

CLOUDY, SHOWERS

Latest Deadline in the State

VOL. LXVIIIL No. 78 ANN ARBOR, MICHGAN, WEDNESDAY, JULY 4, 1956

FOUR PAGES

Investigators
Determine
Crash Cause
' Say Collision in Air
Preceded Two-plane
Aviation Disaster
),rGRAND CANYON, Ariz. M'P-In-
vestigators found yesterday what
they termed positive evidence that
a collision in flight preceded the
crash of two giant airliners which
killed 128 in commercial aviation's
worst disaster.
Capt. Byrd Ryland, leader of a
search and rescue team from
March AFB, Calif., said blue paint
scratches were discovered on metal
torn from a Trans World Air-
lines Super Constellation.
The Constellation, carrying 70
persons, and a United Air Lines
DC7 with 58 aboard crashedLinto
Grand Canyon peaks less than a
mile apart Saturday on flights
eastward from Los Angeles.
Found Paint Scratches
Ryland said the blue paint
scratches were found on metal
scraps believed to have been torn
from the belly of the Constellation.
* He called the scratches. "positive
indications of collision in flight."
,"The boys are going down to-
3 morrow and cut the scratched
pieces out and bring them back
for laboratory analysis," he said.
United spokesmen said their
plane was painted blue on the
nose, had blue stripes on the tail
and along the side windows.
TWA reported the only blue
paint on its Constellation was in
a flag painted on the side.
Wreckage Strewn Over Cliffs
Wreckage was strewn over a
10-mile stretch of jagged, rocky
canyon cliffs which constitute per-
haps the most inaccessible terrain
in the United States.
Meanwhile, the last helicopter
load of remains of victims was
flown from the TWA wreckage
and efforts continued to reach the
main part of the DC7 ruins on a
more inaccessible peak.
And, in Washington, as an after-
math of the Grand Canyon trag-
edy, the House Commerce Com-
mission ordered a general inves-
tigation of airline traffic practices
and controls.
The military helicopter crews
conducting recovery operations
were having to risk perilous air
turbulence which at any time could
dash their craft against the jagged
rocks of the canyon, which has an
extremely narrow neck in the
crash area.
Democrats,
WilsonClash
In Committee
WASHINGTON ,() - Secretary
of Defense Charles E. Wilson
clashed with some of his Demo-
cratic critics yesterday in a tense
Senate hearing that produced
blunt words about heavy bomber
production and less serious com-
ment on the natural instincts of
whales.
Wilson told a special Senate sub-
committee investigating .United
States-Russian air strength that
he has not ruled out a new speed-
up in production of long range B52
Jet bombers. He said this might
come after the bomber program
is reviewed in the fall.
.Sen. Henry M. Jackson (D-
Wash) asked how many more bil-
lions the Defense Department
would ask next year in new ap-

propriations.
"Is it going up a billion or two?"
Senator Jackson asked.
"That would be a fair guess."
Wilson replied.
Defense appropriations for the
fiscal year that began Sunday
totaled about 35 billion dollars.
President Dwight D. Eisenhower
signed the money bill Monday.
When a subcommittee member,
suggested Wilson often gets in
trouble by making off-the-cuff re-!
marks, the defense boss said hel
was reminded of this statement,l
which he credited to a mama
whale instructing her calf:
"It's only when you are blowing
that you are liable to be har-
pooned."
Making his third appearance be-
fore the group, Wilson was again
asked what he intends to do with
an extra 800 million dollars in Air
Force funds which Congress voted
last week over his objections.
Wilson, who said Monday the
added mnn-v ,m a 0i h

Hoiu
For

on"Ne

Passes

Rider

Antisegregation

US. Expels I STEEL STRIKE:
Red Attache Unemployment Mounts
In Related Industries

DREAMS OF A PLEASANT FOURTH-One student's dreams for a pleasant day of sunning at the
beach may be just dreams if weather predictions hold true. Cloudiness and afternoon showers are
forecast for the Day of Independence.
SHOWERS PREDICTED
July 4th CelebrationMay Be Damp

Picnics, firework displays and
beach excursions planned for the
fourth may be dampened if weath-
er bureau predictions hold true.
Considerable cloudiness a n d
afternoon thundershowers were
forecast late last night by Willow
Run weather bureau.
'T'aking no chances county and
state police are making every ef-
fort to hold the accident toll down.
Washtenaw County Sheriffs'
Office said all cars will be out on

patrol with extra enforcement at
heavy traffic areas such as main
arteries and intersections.
National Guard Assists
National Guardsmen will assist
local police in keeping traffic or-
derly. Traffic last night, accord-
ing to the sheriff's office was mod-
erate and slightly below normal
fourth of July pace.
State police at Ypsilanti. said
they would have maximum patrols

DELICATE QUESTION:
U.S. Concedes Philippines
Own All Military Bases
MANILA. (P)-The United States and the Philippines announced
a'deal on the delicate question of military bases yesterday shortly after
the arrival of Vice President Richard Nixon.
Nixon is here to represent President Dwight D. Eisenhower at the
10th anniversary celebration today of the Philippines' independence
from the United States.
The United States now has agreed to give the Philippines owner-
ship of all American bases in the islands, The Philippines agreed to
.-contribute more land to the sys-

on duty, thus doubling the normal
police enforcement.
Civil air patrols will operate out
of Detroit in a further effort to
control traffic.
No Local Fireworks
Ann Arbor will offer no fire-
work displays as is its custom.
Nearby Ypsilanti, however, has
scheduled a parade, a speech by
Governor G. Mennen Williams, a
human cannonball, a band and
fireworks after dark.
City officials predicted an or-
derly time in Ann Arbor as stu-
dents and townspeople exodus to
Whitmore Lake, Silver Lake and
other nearby picnic grounds.
To University students, the
fourth signifies a day off from
classes.
As with France's Bastille Day,j
celebrated as the day of liberation,1
the fourth does not mark the sign-
ing of the Declaration of Indepen-
dence. It is the day Congress
adopted T h o m a s Jefferson's
famous document. No signatures
were affixed until July 19, 1776.
It is nonetheless celebrated as
the day of independence.
Last year July 4 fell on a Mon-
day, thus making a three-day
weekend out of the holiday. Fa-
tality records were set nationjlly
and 17 were killed in Michigan
from traffic and drowning.
Nation-wise there were 369 traf-
fic fatalities and 222 drownings.
State troopers at Ypsi commented
yesterday, "we'd like to set records
in the other direction this year".
Reuther Asks

ror S
State Department
Announces Move
WASHINGTON (A)-Col. Ivan
A. Bubchikov, who was stationed
at the Soviet Embassy here for
18 months, was expelled from the
United States 10 days ago on a
charge of engaging in espionage
activities.
The expulsion was announced
yesterday by the State Depart-
ment. It immediately raised spec-
ulation that the Soviet government
would retaliate, as it has in the
past, by ordering a comparable
American officer out of the em-
bassy at Moscow.
Bubchikov was assigned to the
Soviet diplomatic mission here in
December 1954 as assistant mili-
tary attache. The details of the
activity which led up to his ouster
were not disclosed. But there was
some reason to believe he had
been trapped in a spy operation
by United States military intelli-
gence agents.
In military circles it was report-
ed that the Russian colonel's ac-j
tivities were believed to have been
detected at an early stage. Ap-
parently he had been kept under
observation and enough learned of
his work so that a few weeks ago
American agents were able to
catch him in circumstances which
left no doubt among responsibleI
officials that he was guilty.
Yesterday press officer Lincoln
White made the following state-
ment at the State Department in
response to questions about the
case:
"On June 14 the Soviet ambas-
sador was handed a note declaring
Asst. Soviet Military Attache Col.
Ivan A. Bubchikov persona non{
grata on grounds that he was en-
gaged in activities incompatible
with his continued presence in this
country.
"The note asked that his imme-
diate departure from this country
be effected. He departed from the
United States on June 24."
Powell Can't
Speak At U'
Thursday's lecture, the third in
the special summer session pro-
gram, has been canceled according
to Prof. Richard C. Boys.
Because of congressional pres-
sures Adam Clayton Powell, New
York congressman from the 16th
district, is unable to appear.
Powell had been scheduled to
speak on "The American Political
Scene."
Sponsor of the antisegregation
rider to the 11%2 billion dollar fed-
eral school bill, Powell was forced
to remain in Washington for the
crucial vote Friday.
The lecture will not be resched-
uled.

PITTSBURGH (AP)-Unemployment in allied industries climed
past 46,000 yesterday as effects of the three-day nationwide steel
strike crept across America, and the government drew up an order
to freeze temporarily some steel products for defense needs.
A few small companies suspended production for the duration
of the strike of 60,000 United Steelwrokers members against 90 per
cent of the basic steel industry. Other firms cut work schedules.
Boost Prices
Two small steel companies, continuing to operate, boosted the
price of its steel $9 a ton in anticipation of added labor costs later on.
The government's freeze order, designed to channel critical steel
items to defense producers, becomes effective Friday and is expected
to last possibly no longer than two weeks.
The order is aimed at assuring that necessary defense construc-

PHS Finds
'Mystery'
Polio .Virus
WASHINGTON (JP)-The Public
Health Service said yesterday most
of the nonparalytic polio cases re-
ported last year may actually
have been caused by mystery vi-
ruses against which "the Salk vac-
cine probably has no effect."
Dr. Theodore J. Bauer, top PHS
expert on communicable diseases,
told the Senate Appropriations
Committee that "polio virus could
be recovered in the laboratory,. .
in only about one-sixth of the non-
paralytic cases."
In the case of paralytic polio,
Bauer said polio virus was recov-
ered in only about half of the total
cases examined. A PHS spokesman
said later, however, that such vi-
ruses probably would have been
found in many more paralytic
cases had it been possible to use
greater care in collecting and
shipping the materials tested.
Urges Committee Approval
Bauer urged the committee to
approve a supplemental appropri-
ation of $480,000 to finance fur-
ther research on this "major
problem" of non-polio viruses
which he said could not have been
foreseen earlier.
He said that if research can
help guard against mistaken di-
agnoses and permit more effec-
tive treatment it might head off
"possible loss of public confidence"
in the Salk vaccine.
In Chicago, the Board of Health
reported yesterday a 9-year-old
boy who received two Salk injec-
tions in April and May is the city's
47th polio case this year. This
latest case-the youngster has the
bulbar type of paralytic polio-is
the sixth in Chicago among per-
sons who received Salk shots.
Gave No Figures
Bauer gave no figures on the
laboratory recovery of polio virus
in bulbar-type cases.
Among the nearly 30,000 polio

tem.
To Expand Bases
The two governments-allied in
the eight-nation Southeast Asia
Treaty Organization to hold back
communism-decided on expan-
sion of American bases to "bolster
the common defense of the two
countries as well as of the free
world in this area.".
Nixon and Philippine President
Ramon Magsaysay made the
agreement public after a two-hour
conference with Magsaysay.
The decision superseded Atty.
Gen. Herbert Brownell's 1953 opin-
ion that the United States kept
title .to the bases when it gave the
Philippines independence on July
4, 1956.
Filipinos Seek Bases
It came in the wake of a Philip-
pine congressional committee's
demand that the United States
relinquish all claims to the bases,
limit their number to three and
cut the term of their leases from
99 to-10 or 20 years.
The United States, a statement
added, will hand over to the Phil-
ippines areas that the two gov-
ernments agree are no longer
needed in the system. Formal ne-
gotiations are to begin soon.
The network presently includes
Clark Air Base near Manila;
Sangley Point naval base across
Manila Bay; Subic Bay naval base
to the northwest: another naval
base at Cubi Point; Ft. Stotes-
burgh north of Manila; Camp John
Hay near Baguit; the San Fer-
nando reservation in La Union
Province. The Subic Bay facility
is being expanded at the cost of
190 million dollars.
Sen. Mononey
Wins Primary
OKLAHOMA CITY V-P)-An hour
and a half after the polls closed
in Oklahoma's primary election.
Sen. Mike Monroney was conceded
the Democratic nomination to suc-
ceed himself in the United States
Senate yesterday.
.R a .n Al'n n orAil c nr

Reds Beginl
Mass Purge
In Poznan,
BERLIN G)-Red Poland yes-
terday brought scores of rebel
workers into court in the first of a
series of mass purge trials in Poz-
nan.
The courts were set up especial-
ly to handle participants in the
three-day "bread and freedom"
uprising in the industrial city of
365,000.
"The people of Poznan are so
frightened about the massive re-
taliation measures of the Commu-
nists that they just don't even dare
to speak," reported a West Ger-
man businessman arriving by
train from Poznan.
Rumors Sweep Poznan
Poznan was swept with rumors
that the Reds already have exe-
cuted some of the revolt leaders.
But there was no confirmation
and a Communist informant arriv-
ing in Berlin denied this was the
case. He said:
"The Polish government must
be very careful. They will observe
all the laws and correct proce-
dures because they know the whole
world is watching Poznan."
Informant Withholds Name
The Communist, who is not a
Pole, asked that his name be with-
held. He said he toured Poznan
during the latter part of the revolt
and spoke to senior Polish offi-
cials.
The trials which began yester-
day, the informant said, were for
the "secondary" violators among
the hundreds or workers arrested.
Meanwhile, the Red Polish re-
gime threw the whole weight of
their propaganda machine into
whipping up popular feeling in the
country against the Poznan insur-
gents.
In Poznan, the Communist ad-
ministration put on yesterday'
what travelers leaving the city
called a "show" funeral for sol-
diers, police and Communist offi-
cials killed in the uprising.
An estimated 200 to 300 people
died in the fierce street fighting of
last weekend, and travelers said
most of the rebel dead "are being
disposed of quietly.'"

Reconvening
Of Legislature
DETROIT (M)-Walter Reuther,
accusing the auto industry of mis-
leading the Legislature on employ-
ment prospects, yesterday demand-
ed that the Legislature be recon-
vened immediately to act on un-
employment compensation.
The United Auto Workers union
president made his demand in a
letter to top Republican legislators
in which he said "Michigan's un-
employment emergency is not only
continuing but growing more ser-
ious."
The special Legislature recessed
June 20 until July 17 without
taking any final action on pro-
posals to expand payments and
duration of unemployment com-
pensation.
Reuther, pointing to what he
called new auto industry cutbacks
last week, said there is "necessity
for the Legislature to act with-
out further delay."
Reuther said that in recessing
June 20 the "majority of the Leg-
islature" chose to acept the "base-
less optimism of the auto co-pora-
tions, which has now been proven
false, as an excuse for postponing
urgently needed action."
Reuther said that under legis-
lative rules the lawmakers could
be reconvened by majority vote
of the President pro tem and ma-
jority caucus chairman of the
Senate and the Speaker pro tem,
Found Guilty

mtion and production go on as long
as possible with existing steel
stocks.
Impose Defense Priorities
During the period of the freeze,
contractors of the Defense Depart-
ment and the Atomic Energy
Commission, for example, could
acquire or put under order such
items stockpiled in warehouses as
stainless steel tubing, carbon plate
and alloy bar in quantities they
might need for the foreseeable fu-
ture.
It was emphasized that after de-
fense needs are met, the remain-
ing supply will be freed for gen-
eral purchase.
There was no sign of an eary
settlement. Negotiators for the
union and industry appeared to be
marking time until after the July
Fourth holiday.
Arrange Mediatons
The Federal Mediation Service
has arranged separate meetings
with union and industry negotia-
tors for tomorrow in an attempt
to revive bargaining. Negotiations
were broken off six hours before
the strike started Saturday at
midnight.
Economists said the Sunday
start of the strike and the mid-
week holiday will dull the early
impact of the steel industry shut-
down on United States business in
general.
The railroads took the first cuts.
They already have posted furlough
notices for nearly 30,000. Freight
shipments of finished steel and its
raw materials are a major portion
of railroad business.
The American Trucking Assn.
said a "sampling" of reports from
various states showed a heavy lay-
off of truckers as a result of the
steel strike. A spokesman said no
total figures were available but
the number of idle was expected
to grow as the stockpiles of steel
were exhausted.
Ike Shows
Post-Operative
Improvement
GETYSBURG, Pa. {)-Presi-
dent Dwight D. Eisenhower work-
ed a little yesterday, walked a
little, and for the first time since
his intestinal operation he got out
his putter and stroke a score of
practice shots.
White House Press Secretary
James C. Hagerty said President
Eisenhower seemed to enjoy the
outing on his private golf green
thoroughly,
But there was no indication
when the President might feel up
to fulltime golf, fulltime work or
operative political intentions.
Later in the day the President
took an iron out of his golf bag
and tested his chipping onto the
green from some 10 yards out.
The day wasn't all pleasure and
relaxation, however. President
Eisenhower also:
Commuted the death sentence
of Pvt. Richard A. Hagelberger of
Bupffalo, N. Y., who was convicted
by the military of participating in
the slaying of two Germans in
1952.

School Bill
Amendment
Tentative
Unrecorded Vote
Tallies 164 to 116;
House Debate Bitter
WASHINGTON (P)-Clmaxng
a round of rough and ready debate
over racial segregation, the House
late yesterday tentatively voted an
antisegregation rider into a 1%-
billion-dollar federal school con-
struction bill.
The unrecorded 164-11 vote in
favor of the amendment sponsored
by Rep. Adam Clayton Powell (D
NY) still is subject, however, to
possible reversal on a final rollcaUl
vote. This vote is expected tomor-
row or Friday when the Hou
completes action on the measure,
Action on the Powell amend
ment, preceded by bitter ex-
changes during debate, overshad-
owed other developments as thg
school aid measure was opened to
revision.
Compromise Reached
Chief among them was a com-
promise reached by the bill's spon-
sors setting on a five-year 1%-
billion-dollar program of federal
school construction grants at the
rate of 300 million a year.
It was accepted by theHouse as
a settlement of differences be-
tween the four-year $1,600,000,000
program contained in the House
Education Committee's bill, and
the five-year 1% billion "dollar
grant program recommended by
President Dwight D. Eisenhower.
The compromise was offered by
Rep. P. Frelinghuysen Jr., (R-NJ)
and approved without a record
vote.
Debate Preceding Vote
In debate preceding the Powell
amendment, Rep. L. N. Rivers (D-
SC) criticized Rep. James Roose-
velt (D-Calif) for supporting the
antisegregation amendment.
"No family has done more to
hurt my people than the family
from which he comes", Rivers said.
Roosevelt made no reply, but
Rep. E. Green (D-Ore) retorted
that "no family has done more for
America, and especially the South,
than the Roosevelt family".
The vote on the Powell amend-
ment was not recorded, being,
taken by tellers as members passed
between them down the center
aisle.
GOP Vote Solidly
Republicans, however, appeared
to vote solidly for the antisegrega-
tion rider, and were joined by a
sizeable number of Democrats.
Many Democrats appeared to be
absent when the vote was taken.
The amendment provides that:
1. No state would share in the
school aid fund unless it integrat-
ed its schools in accordance with
the Supreme C o u r t decision
against racial segregation, or at
least indicated it planned to do so.
2. In states which did not com-
ply with the decision, any local
school district could obtain its
share of the funds by integrating,
3. Funds allotted nonintegrating
states would be held in'escrow for
three years in case they changed
their policy.
Speech Play,
'Anastasia,'
Begins Today

"Anastasia", a drama based on
historical speculation, begins a
four-day run at Lydia Mendels-
sohn Theatre' today.
Adapted by Guy Bolton from
the play by Marcelle Mauretto, the
play concerns three unscrupulous
Russian refugees in Berlin who set
out to persuade their countrymen
living in exile that they have
found the Princess Anastasia.
The Princess is a now-legendary

WILLIAM STIRTON:
Fourth Vice-President
Begins In New 'U' Post
William E. Stirton, the University's fourth vice-president and
seventh executive officer, began work Monday, according to Arthur
L. Brandon, director of University Relations.
Appointed by the Board of Regents in March, Stirton will per-
form liason work with the State Legislature and the governor's office.
In addition he is expected to help ease the work load of Vice-
President and Dean of Faculties Marvin Niehuss. Stirton will also
work with several elements of in-q .
dustry and professional organiza-
tions.
The new vice-president was vice-
president in charge of services and
development at Wayne University
since 1951.
'[Tin _TJY~nri7®re- Ctrfnr °F n ...

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PARRIS ISLAND, S. C. (A)-A!
24-veal-old Marine drill v.,v.

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