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June 28, 1956 - Image 1

Resource type:
Michigan Daily, 1956-06-28

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(See Page 2)


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Latest Deadline in the State











Veterans Aid Bill
Passed By House:
Benefits Offer Increased Pensions
With Special Aid to WW I Vets
WASHINGTON (A)-The House, after hectic debate, yesterday
passed and sent to the Senate a bill to increase veterans' pensions
and extend special benefits to World War I veterans-even those
who are not disabled.
The 364-51 roll-call vote came in a topsy-turvy session that saw
the House decide at one point to kill the bill. This decision was
quickly reversed, however, and the measure was voted along to an un-
certain election year future.
In addition to increasing the pensions of veterans who are rated
permanently and totally disabled, the bill would provide $90-a-month
pensions for all World War I veterans at age 65 who come within
specified income limits.
How Pension Benefits Some
Opponents succeeded in knocking from the bill, by a parliamen-
tary maneuver, all provisions for boosting nonpensions benefits to



Morrow Asks Inte gration of Youth

Tall and gray-suited. E. Fred-
eric Morrow came to lecture in
Ann Arbor yesterday, commenting,
"You know, this is the only speech
I've given recently where I haven't
had to wear a gown."
Saying that he enjoys speaking
to students more than anyone
else, this White House executive
branch officer prepared to give
his speech, first in the University
special summer session' series:
"Patterns of American Culture:
Contributions of the Negro."
Morrow has been in the oast a
field secretary for the National
Association for the Advancement
of Colored People, with CBS-TV
public relations, and an advisr
for business affairs to the federal
Department of Commerce.
Executive Branch Liaison
He nowy carries a black leather
folder with "Executive Branch
Liaison, The White House" engrav -
ed in gold on it, including his
"I have lots of fun being Ad-
ministrative Officer for the Spec-
ial Projects Group at the White
House." Morrow smiles.
"Most people don't believe me
when I say that I'm with the gov-
ernment. For instance, a few days
ago at an airport I had to call
my office.
"So I went to the airport desk to
ask about placing the call, and
told the lady in charge there who

I was and so on. She put her hands
on her hips and said,p Lookrbuddy,
so I'm Mother Goose-you can go
on your way'.
"That's the kind of thing I run
into all the time. When people
come to meetme, lots of them
don't believe that I'm Fred Mor-
row. Well, you just have to grin
and bear it."
Coordinates 'Special Projects'
In his job, Morrow coordinates
the activities of the Special Pro-
jects Group, the budget, personnel
and internal management.
The Group includes the Coun-
cil of Foreign Economic Policy,
headed by Joseph M. Dodge, the
offices of Harold E. Stassen and
Nelson A. Rockefeller, special as-
sistants to the President and the
Office of Major Gen. John S.
Bragdon, special consultant on
Public Works Planning.
Though his lecture yesterday
was titled, "The American People
in Government," Morrow said he
had seen on the summer program,
"The Negro in Government," a
lecture to be given by Judge Wade
H. McCree, Jr., of Detroit Circuit
Court, and would not "trespass on
his territory."
Morrow continued, saying that
our country is faced with a new
challenge-"the frontier of the
Calling for a decision from the
nation and his race, Morrow com-
mented, "It has been my experi-

Official Hints
rOf Navy'
New Weapon
WASHINGTON (/)-Secretary
of the Navy Thomas, outlining for
Congress the latest advances in
the seagoing service, made cryp-
tice reference yesterday to a new
secret weapon "which will revolu-
tionize antisubmarine warfare."
Thomas did not elaborate on the
nature of this development. He
said only that the Navy has such
a weapon "on hand."
The new device to which Thom-
as referred is believed by unoffi-
cial observers to be an atomic
depth charge. However, the Navy
,has steadfastly declined to com-
ment on recurrent rumors that
such a weapon has been under
£ development.
His statement, mde before a
Senate subcommittee investigating
the relative strength of United
States and Russian air power, was
considered significant because So-
viet sea power is concentrated in
submnari es.
Symington Questions
That the Navy is ready to meet
the Soviet submarine threat was
questioned by Chairman Stuart
Symington (D-Mo).
After hearing Thomas' report,
Symington said Russia's produc-
tion of far greater numbers of
undersea craft "is not being rec-
ognized as it should be by the
United States Navy."
Thomas hotly disagreed, saying
the Navy is moving as rapidly as
possible to push its own program
of building atomic-powered subs.
Protection Prime Objective
Protection of the Navy's carrier
task forces against undersea at-
tack is a prime objective because,
Thomas said, the crippling of land
air bases might give the Navy
"the balance of power in a strug-.
gle for survival."
Thomas said the Navy air arm
is "far more powerful than many
of us have realized." He said
carrier-based bombers can trans-
port hydrogen bombs to all but
" a few important targets in the
The Skywarrior bomber, he said,
canmake a round trip combat run
of 3,000 miles, operating at ex-
treme altitudes in all weather and
carrying "high yield nuclear
bombs." The Skywarrior, a two
engine jet, is designed to operate
either from carriers or land bases.
Bares Censored Document
The subcommittee yesterday
made public an officially cen-
sored transcript of recent Army
testimony on its work in the mis-
sile field.
Lt. Col. Woodrow B. Sigley,
chief of the air defense branch of
the missiles division, said the Army
is "confident we can achieve a
successful counter-weapon against
ballistic missiles, including the In-
ter-Continental. Ballistic Missile.
Steel Union Seeks
New Agreement

veteIns with service-ncurrei - -
ability and to widows and depen-
dents of veterans.
This was done in an effort to
ruin the measure's chances of
passing the Senate and winning
approval from President Dwight
D. Eisenhower.
Chairman Olin E. Teague (D-
Tex) of the House Veterans Af-
fairs Committee said any bill that
did not give priority to veterans
disabled because of military ser-
vice would be rejected by the Sen-
ate or vetoed by President Eisen-
hower, even in an election year.
Wagner Comments
J. Addington Wagner, national
commander of the American Le-
gion, termed the action on World
War I pensions "dramatic proof
that the nation has not forgotten
or forsaken its defenders."
He said he is now asking the
Veterans Affairs Committee to ap-
prove separate legislation to in-
crease compensation payments to
veterans with service-connected
disability and to their widows and
Teague said he may summon his
committee for a meeting on these
proposals next week.
Backed By Legion
The bill was backed by both the
Legion and the Veterans of For-
eign Wars. But the size of the
pension increases, and the over-all
scope of the measure, were not
nearly as great as originally ap-
proved by the Veteran Affairs
Committee over Teague's opposi-'
Teague estimated the first year
cost of the new bill would be 356
million dollars. The administra-
tion had estimated the first year
cost of the original proposal at
1% billion dollars.
Bill Raises Rates
Under present law, veterans who
are rated permanently and totally
disabled can get a pension of $66.-
15 a month or $78.75 a month if
they are age 65 or have been on
the pension rolls 10 years. That's
provided their annual incomes are
no more than $1,400 if single or
$2,700 if they have dependents.
As sent to the Senate, the bill
would raise these rates to $75 and
$90 a month, plus an added 10
per cent premium for anyone with
3 Odays or more overseas service.
World War I veterans in general
could qualify for the $90 monthly
at age 65 if they came within the
income limits because the bill-
for pension purposes-would have
them automatically deemed per-
manently and totally disabled at
that age.

T 1
rack Star Owens To Talk
In 4U' Summer Lecture

. ,

ence that the white person who
frustrated my dreams, hopes and
aspirations most was always the
person whose own social position
was in question,
Blunted My Hopes'
"He blunted my hopes to bolster
his own bitter failures and denials.
Therefore, we must direct part of
our program of change at that
Morrow also emphasized that in
his own group, "we must concen-
trate upon ... the unfinished busi-.
ness of America."
He said America's youth, white
and black, should be prepared for
the integrated life which they
must lead, without guidance from
adults who are too often opinion-
"Where there is lack of com-
munication between the races, de-
mocracy dies, and you get the kind
of crises and blind spots currently
on view at Tuscaloosa, Montgom-
ery and Birmingham."
Speaking for most of his people,
Morrow said their desire "is the
right to walk this land in dignity
and peace, unfettered by restrict-
ing bonds of race, color caste or
previous social condition. It is as
simple as that."
Unin ,tructed
NASHVILLE, Tenn. (AP)-Ten-
nessee Democrats headed off a
knock-down family row yesterday
with an agreement between Gov.
Frank Clement and presidential
hopeful Sen. Estes Kefauver to
send an uninstructed delegation to
the party's national convention.
The agreement, reached on the
eve of the party's state convention
here, provides that Tennessee's 32
votes in the national conclave at
Chicago in August be left free to
support "any Tennessean who has
an opportunity to be nominated"
president or vice president.
Kefauver, a candidate for the
presidential nomination, said he
regards the agreement as a "fair
solution" to the dispute which had
threatened to rip the party apart
in the senator's own home state.
The agreement came in the form
of a resolution announced by State
Democratic Chairman H. S. Hub
Walters, who said he would intro-
duce it in tomorrow's convention.
Until Wednesday, Kefauver had
been plugging for a Chicago dele-
gation from Tennessee pledged to
him. Clement, touted by some as
a "favorite son" candidate, has in-
sisted all along he wanted an un-
pledged delegation.
He lost
BEACONSFIELD, E n g l a n d
Humphrey Crum - Ewig, who
was driving a golf ball the 55
miles from London to Oxford,
gave up after 20 miles Wednes-
He suffered from that old
golfing hazard-lost balls.
"It was all right," he told
sympathizers, "in London round
about midnight because the
place was well lit but out in the
suburbe the streetlamps were

Famed track sprinter JesseJ
Owens will speak at the University
for the second time in six weeks
Now with the Illinois Youth
Commission Owens will give the

lined his recent trip to India before
more than 1.000 people.
The Summer Lecture Series is
titled "Patterns of American Cul-
ture: Contributions of the Negro."
Tito Plans
Con ference
BELGRADE, Yugolsavia ({A-
President Tito came home in tri-
umph from his Moscow trip yes-
His government immediately an-
nounced that he plans a confer-
ence with Egyptian President
Gamal Abdel Nasser and Indian
Prime Minister Nehru next month.
Tito reached the frontier rail-
road station of Kikinda after 25
days in the Soviet Union and Ro-
mania. He told 60,000 cheering
Yugoslavs that Russia is "ready
to struggle for peace together 'with
all progressive peoples."
Yugopress, semiofficial news
agency, said the Tito-Nasser-Neh-
ru meeting would be on Brioni,
Tito's summer resort island in the
The agency said the conference
would have "far-reaching influ-
ence on the future development of
relations in the world" and "will
show new possibilities of finding a
new road to agreement in the
"The stiff bloc frameworks in
the East and West are gradually
disintegrating," the agency de-
clared. "This process imposes new
responsibilities on Tito, Nehru and

... Wants Compensation from 'U'
Red Report
Khrus h he v
MOSCOW {P)-Pravda published
yesterday an unprecendented crit-
icism of the present Kremlin lead-
It asked indirectly whether the
current leaders ever tried to stop
Stalin in his latter-day excesses.
It did so by reprinting an article
that contained the question. The
article was by Eugene Dennis, gen-
eral secretary of the Communist
party in the United States. It ap-
peared in the New York Daily
Worker of June 18.
First Criticism
The Communist bellwether Prav-
da, in copying it, carried the first
present or implied criticism of the.
present Soviet leadership ever pub-
lished here.
It also carried the first locally
published report that Nikita, S.
Khrushchev, boss of the Soviet
Communist party, had denounced
the late Prime Minister Stalin in a
secret speech to the party's 20th
Congress in February, and that
the United States Departient later
had issued a purported partial text
of that speech.
The Pravda reprinting, running
on three pages, marked a radical
shift in Soviet propaganda policy.
It created a sensation among Mos-
cow people, many of whom could
be seen reading copies posted on
walls. Dennis had written:
Questions Arise
"In the discussion on the 20th
Congress currently being centered
around the special Khrushchev re-
port, questions frequently arise
about the present Soviet leader-
"Did some of them try to bring
about changes before the last three
years? Could the past evils havef
been checked earlier?
"Many questions remained un-
answered. The Khrushchev report,
which was primarily a document-
ed supplement to his main political
report to the 20th Congress, re-
flects only a part of the probing
that has gone on, and which mayM
continue for years to come, in the!
CPSU Communist Party of the
Soviet Union and among the So'
viet people."
With the article Pravda printed
an editor's note that read:
"The author has in mind mater-,
ial which the State. Department of
the United States has published in
the press calling it Comrade Khru-
shchev's report to the 20th Con-
gress of the Communist party."

To Compensate
For Tax Loss
Upset Because 'U' Didn't Consult
City Before Buying Hoover Plant
Daily Managing Editor
Mayor William E. Brown, Jr., has declared that the Univers
should reimburse the city for the tax loss $95,000 incurred as a :
sult of University purchase of Hoover Ball and Bearing Co.
, The Mayor also said the University should have consulted w:
city officials before purchasing the vland and buildings.
University Vice-President Wilbur K. Pierpont said yesterday t
matter had not been discussed with President Harlan Hatcher or I
Board of Regents yet and declined to comment.
Contained In Letter
The Mayor's requests were contained in a letter to Vice-Preside
Pierpont dated June 20 and made public yesterday by the Mayor.
The tax loss suffered by the city is estimated by Mayor Bro'
at $95,000. This figure covers city,,

school and county taxes.
While there was no official indi-
cation of University attitude to-
ward the request, informed sources
said they thought it unlikely the
University would comply.
Already Made Concessions
Vice-President Pierpont pointed
out the University has already
made considerable concessions to
the city to compensate for loss of
These include a $65,000 payment
to cover fire protection,
The University Vice-President
said further he had not expected
the Mayor's letter to be released.
Because of zoning difficulties it
appears unlikely the Hoover plant
will be able to relocate in Ann
Arbor. If it relocates in Washte-
naw County, county taxes will not
be lost.
Scheduled For 1957
Actual acquisition is scheduled
for 1957. Because the University is
tax-exempt, the city will lose the
tax money as of that time.
In his letter, Mayor Brown
claimed, "This matter is very very
serious to the people of Ann Arbor,
and I believe that the University
of Michigan should take steps to
reimburse the city for this terriffic
yearly loss.
"I think you, as a citizen of Ann
Arbor, should and probably do op-
preciate my feeling about this
The Mayor also declared, "I
do not lnow whether or not you
know it, h'.t the tax loss to this
community from the sale of the
Hoover Ball and Bearing Co. will
in the neighborhood of $95,000."
'U' Not Unaware
Vice - President Pierpont told
The Daily "The University was
not aware of the taxes paid to the
city by the Hoover plant when it
purchased the land and buildings."
Other losses to the city claimed
by Mayor Brown were the families
that might leave because the
Hoover plant was relocated and
the loss of industrial zoning space.
The first point made by the
Mayor was that the University
should have consulted city of-
ficials. The Mayor said:
"For some time I have heard
rumors about the sale of the Hoov-
er Ball and Bearing Co. to the
University of Michigan. However,
I couldn't believe this would ever
happen unless the city was con-
"Of course, there is no legal
obligation to consult the city on
any matter of this character, but
this proposal*is so vitally import-
ant to us that I cannot help but
feel it should be discussed with the
To Remedy
GI Incidents
HEIDELBERG, Germany (P)--
The United States Army in Eur-
ope announced yesterday a drastic
crackdown on troublemaking GIs.
The action was ordered by its
commander in chief Gen. Iy. I.
Hodes, as German protests against
misbehaving Allied soldiers reached

Backs Court
At Hearing
of Americans for Democratic Ac-
tion said yesterday it was "arrant
nonsense" for Sens. James 0.
Eastland (D-Miss) and Joseph R.
McCarthy (R-Wis) to say the
Supreme Court has handed doWn
"one pro-Communist decision after
Joseph L. Rauh Jr. told Senator
Eastland to his face the attack#
of the two senators Tuesday ,v-
denced a continuing drive td
credit the Court.
"That's where you are wrong,
Senator Eastland broke in. "The
Court has discredited itself."
Rauh, national chairman of the
ADA, which described itself as an
anti-Communist political organiza.-
tion dedicated to liberal principles,
testified at a Senate Internal Se-
curity subcommittee hearing pre-
sided over by Senator Eastland.
Rauh said attacks on the Supreme
Court have reached a "violent
pitch" because of its defense of in-
dividual rights.
Senator Eastland took occasion
to repeat his statement that the
court has handed down "one pro-
Communist decision after an-
other." He said the people are
"amazed" and "dumbfounded that
the court evidently is being in-
fluenced by pro-Communist ele-
Rauh testified against pending
bills to nullify the court's 6-3 de-
cision of June 11 ruling out appli-
cation of the federal employe se-
curity program to nonsensitive
government jobs.
Referring to Justice John M.
Harlan, who wrote the majority
opinion, and Chief Justice Earl
Warren and Justices Hugo Black,
Felix Frankfurther, William 0.
Douglas and Harold Burton who
concurred in it, Rauh said:
"I find the suggestion that men
of this character could be follow-
ing the Communist line is arrant
Union Rejects
Steel Industry'8
NEW YORK (A)-Steel manage.
ment and union leaders yesterday
rejected counter-proposals to ex-
tend the present wage contract
beyond the Saturday midnight
strike deadline.
Negotiations were not broken
off, however, in efforts to reach
a settlement before the scheduled
Company negotiators rejected
an offer by the United Steelwork-
ers to extend the present contract
from June 30 to 12:01 a.m., July
16, on the ground that a retroac-
tivity condition stipulated by the
union was unacceptable.
The union in offering the exten-
sion to mid-July rejected an ear-
lier company extension proposal.

ADA Chief

Famed Track Star
second talk in the University's
Summer Lecture Series.
He will speak on "Athletics and
American Life" at 4:15 p.m. in
Aud. A, Angell Hall.
Owens last spoke here May 15
at Ferry Field as the guest of In-
terfraternity Council during Greek
Week. At that time he spoke on
American responsibilities and out-

Stanley Quartet To Give Three Concerts

Featuring quartets and quintets
by Mozart and Bartok and com-
positions by Professors Ross Lee
Finney and Leslie Basset f the
Music School, the University's
Stanley Quartet will perform three
times for its summer series.
Quartet members are violinists
Gilbert Ross and Emil Raab, viola
player Robert Courte and Oliver
Edel, cellist, all University music
school instructors.

another Mozart composition,
"Quartet in C major, K. 465" will
be played for the first appearance.
jTwo Mozart compositions are
scheduled for each of the three
Also on July 3, an original com-
position by Ross Lee Finney, com-
poser in residence at the Univer-.
sity, "Quartet No. 7" will be pre-
miered. Finney, who composed the
quartet last year, is on sabbatical

and others which have been played
by major symphony orchestras.
Clyde Thompson, double bassist,
will perform Bassett's composition.
Thompson is an instructor in the
music ' school and has appeared
with the Quartet before.
The last program on July 31 in-
cludes Mozart's "Quintet in G
minor, K. 516" and "Quintet in
E-flat major, K. 614," and Bar-
tok's "Quartet No. 6."


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