"When Opinions Are Free
Truth Will Prevail"
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Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers or
the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.
WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 15, 1956 NIGHT EDITOR: LEE MARKS
If 'U' Can't Get Authority,
It Should Forget Enforcement
VIVE ITY attempts to secure state police
authority to enforce driving regulations
have stagnated. While there has been no official
ruling yet it appears unlikely that Michigan
State Police Commissioner Joseph Childs will
authorize University deputies to stop cars pri-
marily to enforce the driving ban.
Childs is now on vacation. The Attorney
General's office says it has not even been asked
for a ruling on legality of using public law
agencies to enforce rulings of private bodies.
(Although a public institution, the regulations
of the University have no more legal weight
than the commands of parent to child.) Uni-
versity officials seem pessimistic about getting
the needed authority.
The issue is this: while police officers may
stop a car for violation of law or suspicion of
a violation they are not empowered to stop cars
solely to enforce private rules.
The University contends it cannot enforce
its driving ban unless security officers have the
power to stop cars and check registration. Ex-
perience last year proves their contention is
justified. Enforcement was chaotic and the
only people caught were those either too honest
or too stupid to come up with a good story for
the Dean of Men's office.
THERE are many devious ways to bypass the
legal technicalities involved and it is dis-
heartening to note that the University is con-
sidering some of them.
Regent action could force students to waive
their legal rights as a condition of admission
much in the way students now agree to abide
by other University regulations such as drinking
and women's late hours. Then the only risk,
that of false arrest, would be in stopping non-
students. Protecting security officers with
surety bonds would mitigate that risk.
Another possibility would be to have uni-
formed security officers simply stop cars with-
out authority but in such a way that they
didn't claim to have authority. The gimmick
here is to prey on normal inclinations of law-
abiding people to stop for a man in uniform.
Of course the security officer has little recourse
against the student who tells him to get out
of the way before he gets run over.
AN EVEN more unethical plan that has been
at least mentioned, if not seriously con-
sidered, is to claim that cars are being stopped
on grounds other than checking University reg-
istration; to claim that the pretext on which
they are stopped is suspicion of violation and
that checking registration is incidental. There
is not even subtlety in the immorality under-
lying this sort of thinking.
The trouble with all of these possible ways
to circumvent lack of legal authority is that
essentially they are ways to operate around the
law rather than within it. It is beneath the
dignity of the University to consider ways to
get around the law.
No matter what action the Regents or Uni-
versity takes they will not have, until a recog-
nized law enforcement agency grants it, the
power to stop cars for the purpose of checking
And until that power is granted the Univer-
sity ought to forget about efficient enforce-
ment of the driving ban.
We are familiar with last year's chaos and
we would be sorry to see it repeated. But en-
forcement just isn't worth compromising the
University's integrity. For that matter the
driving ban itself isn't worth it.
We would be sorry to see the University
adopt some legally shady manner of enforcing
its driving ban. If they can't get the authority
they need, it would be better to junk the ban
altogether or leave it unenforced.
"Step Aside, Everybody. Let's Keep Things Open Here"
two Huddle Over Politics
By DREW PEARSON
Three Ring Circus Underway
With Clement, Roosevelt, TV
THE THREE RING CIRCUS which every four
years meets to nominate "The Next Presi-
dent of the United States" is well underway.
. After a brief flurry of introductory speeches,
the Democrats fired the first big gun Monday
evening when they showed a film titled "Pursuit
of Happiness." This was a significanty incom-
plete documentary designed to show that the
Party is "now, as always, our nation's best
and greatest hope."
What the film actually demonstrated most
people knew before the projector ever started,
namely tht Franklin Roosevelt had an extra-
ordinary speaking voice, and that, with the
advent of war, people had jobs again.
Ostensibly, this film was designed for the
edification of the delegates, but perhaps some-
thing of the real deep-down purposes may -be
deduced from Paul Butler's criticism of CBS
for not showing the film to TV viewers. CBS
was less disturbed than Butler, but promised to
show his movie sometime later, maybe.
AFTER the film presentation, Governor Frank
Clement of Tennessee delivered the so-called
keynote address. The key was uncertain, but
certainly the note was one of dismay, loudly
Clement, a gravel-voiced orator said to be
popular with Tennessese voters, is a close friend
of Billy Graham. Both are obviously strangers
to logical reasoning, but this seems to be no
drawback to either.
After a few sly remarks about Eisesnhower's
heart and liver, Clement exhumed from its
grave the aged argument, "The Democratic
Party is close to the heart of the people.
unbound by ties to any special group."
He noted that once more, U.S. foreign policy
has dropped American standing to "an all
time low"-A low which gets lower with each
AFTER any speaker has shouted at a group
for about ten minutes, he has seriously de-
pleted his carbon dioxide supply by rapid
breathing, and has raised his blood alkalinity.
This phenomenon results in a general feeling
of light-headedness as the brain cells stew in
a broth of unfamiliar composition. Some of
Clement's more extreme remarks may doubtless
be forgiven in view of this; although his re-
marks were obviously designed to raise the roof,
not face the facts.
And the roof was raised.
LEE MARKS. Managing Editor
Richard Halloran, Donna Hanson,
Mary Ann Thomas, Adelaide Wiley
Sports Editor, Dick Crasher
Shortly after his speech, for the benefit
of TV addicts, Clement spoke with the two
juvenile winners "$64,000 Question" and "Big
Surprise." Although they have picked up some-
thing like $200,000 this year, the two children
claimed to be non-voting Democrats.
They spoke with intense feeling of the 50
cent dollar, parity, loose construction, free
silver, protective tariffs, segregation, free trade,
and slave-labor laws.
Unfortunately, Clement had neglected to turn
on their microphones, so most of this childish
wisdom passed unheard.
THE NEXT SPEAKER was Mrs. Roosevelt,
squaw of the late Big Chief.
Mrs. Roosevelt, who wore an ADLAI button
during her speech, cunningly dismissed the
Truman endorsement of Harriman with the
phrase "Don't rely too much on elders." Tru-
man took care to make no reply.
"I want victory." Said Mrs. Roosevelt. Every-
Considerable attention was paid to Mr. Tru-
man, however as the cameras followed his
Stevenson and Harriman allowed themselves
to be cornered afterwards by news-hungry TV
Both candidates agreed that the speeches
were good, that the Democrats would win,
and that the weather was fine.
NE[THER WOULD comment on the inevitable
suggestion that Clement's powerful lungs
and compelling voice make him an obvious
choice for the vice-presidential nomination.
Perhaps both Stevenson and Harriman have
made other commitments.
Thus ended the TV coverage of the greatest
show on earth, followed closely by the Midnight
Movie, and then oblivion.
Tuesday afternoon, the curtain came up
again, to the discordant sounds of seven (count
'em) Democratic congresswomen who proclaim-
ed that, among other things, the Republican
party "Puts money ahead of people," practices
"government by stagnation," and "had no
Certainly this convention shows signs of be-
ing extremely entertaining, and the cast of
characters has been chosen to provide an ever-
changing panorama of political intrigue, ora-
tory and display; with this trend already estab-
lished, the convention is being more and more
directed toward the TV audience rather than
Like most trends, this one will probably be
reversed before it gets out of hand, we hope.
New Books at the Library
Fryer, Katherine-Kathy; NY, EP Dutton,
GordonR iard--rtonw. o+ T a.o'n. M am._
CHICAGO - Convention politics
in this sprawling vibrating
city can be as changable as the
Canadian breeze off Lake Michi-
gan or the hot wind off the prair-
ies. It can be as clean as the tower
along the lake front built on chew-
ing gum or as putrid as the stock-
yards or as tawdry as the dives
along Wabash Avenue.
In brief, Chicago is unpredict-
able and so is convention' politics
. . . but in a city which has seen
Warren G. Harding's name pulled
out of a smoke-filled deadlock be-
tween General Leonard Woods and
Governor Frank 0. Lowden, that
saw Harry Truman's name come
out of a smoke-filled room to be
vice-president, and which saw
Richard Nixon's name zoom out of
another smoke-filled room to soar
from a relative unknown to one of
the more famous names in the na-
tion against this background, a
strange thing happened at this
convention . . . two men sat down
in a smoke-filled room in which
neither smoked and neither pro-
posed a deal. The two had fought
each other through Minnesota,
Florida, California, had said some
unkind things about each other.
But in a hotel room in Chicago
they sat down and talked things
over together . . . they talked for
an hour and a half. Estes Kefauv-
er outlined the delegates he
thought were weak and might not
go to Stevenson: also the delegates
that were likely to follow his ad-
vice and support Stevenson. He
went over the political chart of
the U.S.A. state by state; Adlai
Stevenson listened. . . Kefauver
asked for nothing in return. Stev-
enson offered nothing in return--
a rarity in American politics.
TWO DAYS before the conven-
tion opened tall, handsome Lyndon
Johnson of Texas had no more
idea of taking his candidacy seri-
ously than he did of abandoning
his campaign to help big gas, oil
producers. Suddenly on the Hil-
ton's 23rd floor carpenters began
nailing together a Johnson booth.
Suddenly Johnson placards blos-
somed from nowhere; red silk
"Love That Lyndon" ribbons were
passed out to anyone looking re-
motely like a Texan. Suddenly,
also, Lyndon flew to Chicago .
Lyndon heard via his old friend
and political mentor Sam Rayburn,
that Harry Truman was coming
out for Averell Harriman-which
meant a possible deadlocked con-
vention, a race in which a dark
horse might win. Truman's an-
nouncement was to be at 3:30.
That was why Lyndon, one of the
smartest political operators of this
generation, beat him to it with his
own announcement at 1:30 p.m.
that he was in the race to stay .. .
Whether he stays or performs a
holding operation for his friend,
Sen. Stuart Symington of Miss-
ouri, remains to be seen. In either
event, cardiac Lyndon was mis-
sing no tricks--even if he did
knock another prop out from under
the best campaign issue the Demo-
crats have, the health of cardiac
Almost none of the Kefauver-
Stevenson faithful knew their
chiefs had huddled alone in a non-
smoke-filled room, had discussed
their delegates, but made no deals.
They also didn't know that Harri-
man's men had been all over Chi-
cago and by telephone all over
the U.S.A., wooing Kefauver's re-
leased delegates . . . complacently,
Stevenson men had sat by, wait-
ing for delegates to come to them.
This didn't happen. Said Minne-
sota Bob Short, "We voted against
Adlai Stevenson and for Kefauver.
We're not going to back the man
we voted against unless he takes
Kefauver for vice president." -. -
Out in Idaho, where Harriman's
Union Pacific Railroad is power-
ful, some Kefauver delegates
switched fast to Harriman. Some
even had their way paid to Chi-
cago by Harriman , . .dbelatedly
after Harry Truman electrified the
convention, after Lyndon John-
son announced his holding opera-
tion, complacement S t e v e n s o n
managers got busy.
* * *
EX-PRESIDENT Truman wrote
to several friends before leaving
for Chicago. "Come out to Chi-
cago," he urged. "Something dra-
matic is going to happen." . .
Adlai Stevenson's 1952 running
mate, Alabama Senator John
Sparkman, paid a private call on
Stevenson to make clear he didn't
expect to be on the ticket again
. . . Senator Kefauver, who has
battled with big city bosses, is
backed for the vice presidency by
two of the most powerful bosses-
Vhicago's Jake Arvey and Pitts-
burgh's Mayor Dave Lawrence.
They want him because they are
convinced he would add the most
strength to the Democratic ticket
. Coincidentally, Kefauver is
also favored by most midwest farm
delegates who sent Minnesota's
Don Wozniack and Bob Short to
notify Stevenson that they would
support him if Kefauver were on
the ticket. All Stevenson would say
was that he had not promised the
vice presidency to anyone else ...
Governor Harriman's p o 1i t i c a l
henchman, Carmine De Sapio, has
sounded out Kentucky's Governor
Happy Chandler about running as
Harriman's vice president
Earry Truman has hinted privately
that he thinks Tennessee's young,
Bible - quoting Governor Frank
Clement would make an appealing
vice president . . . Indiana's arch-
Republican Senator Bill Jenner
showed up in Chicago in the mid-
dle of the Democratic convention.
He explained firmly to curious
Democrats that he had come to
see the all-star football game.
Los Angeles manufacturer Allan
Adler is prepared to stamp out
5,000 lapel pins per day to Adlai
Stevenson's famous hole-in-the-
sole shoe. Stevenson headquarters
plan to peddle the pins for $1.00
each if their candidate wins.
* * *
AFFABLE, back-slapping Happy
Chandler, governor ofpKentucky
and the favorite-son candidate
from that state, is passing out
$500 bills to visitors at his head-
quarters on the 13th floor of the
Sheraton Blackstone hotel. The
bills are backed by the Confeder-
ate States of America, though,
and some delegates are comment-
ing that Happy's chances aren't
worth any more than the fake
An hour after Harry Truman
came out for Harrimanat a mam-
moth press conference in the
Crystal room of the Blackstone,
Stevenson hastily called one in the
lounge he maintains for delegates
and visitors in the Conrad Hilton.
Thousands of interested bystand-
ers thronged in along with the
press and as Stevenson pushed his
way through the crowd one by-
stander asked, "Who's that?"
"It's the reservations clerk," was
(Copyright 1956, by 'Bel Syndicate, Inc.)
By J. M. ROBERTS
Associated Press News Analyst
THE Democrats have found
themselves a new evangelist.
When advance copies of Gov.
Frank Clement's keynote speech
at Chicago were distributed Mon-
day there was many a smirk.
Just to read it, the man seemed
to have deliberately collected and
adapted all of the time-honored
keynote cliches. He had shucked
all the corn and sliced all the ham
that Iowa could produce and was
fixing to give the convention an
old-fashioned country political
But when he began to serve the
aroma seemed a little different.
He was the lay preacher, which
he is, chasing the Republican devil
around the stump. He was the
cheer leader shouting, "Fight,
team, fight." He was the television
actor, reading his speech so skill-
fully from a teleprompter that
most people thought he had it
BUT HE was also earnest. He
made flat statements, some of
them questionable. He caricatured
the Republicans without a smile,
interrupting applause to get back
to what was for him the grim busi-
ness of reading an indictment,
Some thought he began to lose
his audience toward the end of his
43 minutes. But it could have been
exhaustion rather than apathy
which cut the vigor of the last
bits of applause. The crowd ap-
plauded on the average of once
Jim Farley and Sam Rayburn
sat as though they had heard the
speech in advance and were anx-
ious to get back to their political
knitting. Harry Truman laughed
and clapped as though he could
see a young man growing up in
his own "give 'em hell" image.
There was no way of telling how
well the audience, in the hall and
around radio and television sets,
would be able to separate the sta-
tistics and the record from the
corn. But they had liked the meal.
They knew they had witnessed the
emergence of a new figure which
would be familiar hereafter on the
national political scene.
NEW YORK () - The stock
market pushed higher in quiet
trading yesterday although there
was a liberal share of small losers.
Leading issues turned higher
soon after the opening and held
steady through the session. Vol-
ume picked up toward the close
and a renewed advance raised oils,
aircrafts and coppers narrowly.
Volume totaled 1,170,000 shares,
compared with 1,730,000 traded in
another slow session Monday.
The advance failed to recover
all the ground lost in Monday's
During the past several weeks,
the market has fluctuated just
under its all-time high of last Ap-
ril when the Associated Press av-
erage hit $191.50.
The Daily Official Bulletin is an
official publication of the University
of Michigan for which the Michigan
Daily assumes no editorial responsi-
bility. Notices should be sent in
TYPEWRITTEN from the Room 3553
Administration Building before 2 p.m.
the day preceding publication.
WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 15, 19:56
VOL. LXVIII, NO. 365
Veterans enrolled in eight-week ses-
sion who expect to receive education
and training allowance under Public
Law 5.50 (Korea G. I. Bill) must submit
instructors' signatures form for August
(finals) to Dean's office before 5:00
p.m. Aug. 20. Monthly Certification, VA
Form 7-1996a, may be filled in between
8:30 and 4:00 p.m. In Office of Veterans'
Affairs, 555 Administrataion Building,
Aug. 16 or 17.
Art Print Loan Rentals: All sum-
mer school students who have rented
prints from the art print loan col-
lection must returnrthe pictures to 113
Administration Building (basement) by
Fri., Aug., 17. The office will be open
to receive returned pictures from 1:00
p.m. to 5:00 p.m. Wed., Aug. 15 and
from 8:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. on Aug.
16 and 17. A fine of 25c per day will
be charged for each overdue picture.
University Library Library hours after
summer session. The General Library
will close at 6 p.m. daily, beginning
Fri., Aug. 17. Evening service will be
resumed on Sept. 20. The library will
be open from 8 a.m. to 6 p.m. Mon.,
posted onl thelibrary door., cor nsy
be^ obtained by calling UnitersitN Ext.
6i52' or 6,'i.
Student Recital: Helen Ka Mrray,
pianist, in partial flilfillnent of the re-
quirements for the Master of Iusic de-
gree at :15 pam. Wed., Aug. 15in the
Hackham Assembly Hall. Mrs Murray
is a pupil of Helen Titus, and her pro-
gram will be open to the public.
Summer Session Choir, Donld Piott,
conductor, 8:30 this evening in Hill
Auditorium. Con ositons by Vittoria,
Pachelbel, Schubert, Brahms, Liartinu,
Randall Thompson. Healy Wilan and
others. Open to the general public with-
Carillon Recital: Percival Price, Uni-
versity Carillonneur, final program in
the summer series of carillon recitals
at 7:15 pm. Thurs., Aug. 16. The series
has covered works composed by Pro-
fessor Price, and during this final pro-
gram he will present his Pree varia-
tions on Eight well-Known Airs.
Student Recital: Yvonne Beatty, p-
anist, at 8:30 p.m. Thurs., Aug. 16, in.
the Rackham Assembly Hall; composi-
tions by Bach, Beethoven, Berg and
Chopin, in partial fulfillment of the
requirements for the Master of Music
degree. Mrs. Beatty is a pupil of Helen
Titus, and her recital will be open to
Attention August Graduates: College
of Literature, Science, and the Arts,
School of Education, School of Music,
School of Public Health, School of
Students are advised not to request
grades of I or X in August. When such
grades are absolutely imperative, the
work must be made up in time to al-
low your instructor to report the make-
up grade not later than 11 a.m., Aug.
23. Grades received after that time may
defer the student's graduation until
a later date.
Recommendations for Departmental
Honors: Teaching departments wishing
to recommend tentative August grad-
uates from the College of Literature,
Science, and the Arts, and the School
of Education for departmental honors
(or high honors in the College of
L.S. & A.) should recommend such stu-
dents in a letter delivered to the Of-
fice of Registration and Records, Room
1513 Administration Building, before
La Sociedad Hispanica of the Depart-
ment of Romance Languages wekely
"Tertulia" (Spanish c on ve r sat io n
group), Wed., Aug. 15, at 3:30 p.m.,
Snack Room, Michigan League. Re-
freshments available as usual. Last
meeting for this summer. All interested
Doctoral Examination for John Mit-
chell Gary, Mathematics; thesis: "Dual-
ities in Generalized Manifold and
Higher Dimensional Cyclic Element
Theory", wed., Aug. 15, 3010 Angell Hall,
at 3:15 p.m. Chairman, R. L. Wilder.
Doctoral Examination for Robert
Leonard Martin, Physics; thesis: "Re-
suIts of Investigation of Low-Intensity
Reciprocity Law Failure", wed., Aug.
15, 2038 Randall Laboratory, at 10:00
a.m. Chairman, Ernst Katz.
Doctoral Examination for Phillip
Parker Mason, History; thesis: "The
League of American Wheelmen and the
Good-Roads M o v e m e n t, 1880-1905"
3609 Haven Hall, at 1:30 p.m. Chairman
Doctoral Examination for Ernie Bill
Mikus, Metallurgical Engineering; the-
sis: "A Study of the Role of Carbo in.
Temper-Embrittlement and the Effect
of Temper-Embrittlement on the Fa-
tigue Properties of a 3140 Steel," Wed.,
Aug. 15, 4219 East Engineering Bldg., at
3:00 parm. Chairman, C. A. Siebert.
Doctoral Examination for John Rbb
Carnes, Philosophy; thesis: "An Ex-
amination of the Current Statue of
Natural Law Philosophy", Thurs., Aug.
16, 2419 Mason Hall at 1:30 p.m. Chair-
man, A. W. Burks.
Doctoral Examination for Donald Earl
DeGraaf, Physics; thes M"The Vibra-
tional Spectrum of N-Methyl Forma.
mide", Thurs., Aug. 16, 2038 Randall
Laboratory, at 2:00 p.m. Chiarman, D.
Doctoral Examination for Sylvia KI-
nunen, Education; thesis: "A Compal-
son Between the Readability of Digest
and Original versions of Articles", Fri.,
Aug. 17, 4018 Universtly High School, at
2:00 p.m. Chairman, I. H. Anderson.
Doctoral Examination for George Mi-
ovich, Pharmaceutical Chemistry; the-
sis: "Stability of Rubber Closures for
Injections", Fri., Aug., 17, 3201 Chemis-
try Bldg., at 2:00p.m. Chairman, A. M.
Doctoral Examination for Donald
Mitchell Pollie, Psychology; thesis:
"Conflict and Defense in Three Psycho-
somatic Syndromes", Fri., Aug. 1, 711
Haven Hall, at 1:30 p.m. Chairman, 0.
Doctoral Examination for Stephen
Curves on Riemannian Manifolds," Sat.
Sept.15, 3017 Angell Hall, at 4:00 p.m.
Chairman, Raoul Bott.
All Students registered with the Bu-
reau of Appointments - General or
Teaching Division - should notify the
office this week whether they have ac-
cepted a position and where they may
be located after summer school, It is
assumed that everyone will be at his
home address unless otherwise notified.
Ford Motor Co., Detroit, Mich., has
an opening for a young man as a Sta-
tistical Analyst in the Sales Dept. For
further information contact the Bu-
reau of Appointments, 3528 Adminis-
tration Bldg., ext. 371.
The following schools have listed' va-
cancies for the 1956-1957 school year,
They are not sending representatives to
the Bureau of Appointments to inter-
view candidates at this time.
Chelsea, Michigan - Teacher Needs:
Elementary (early); Home Economics;
Girls Physical Education; Art; Social
Hale, Michigan - Teacher Needs; Ele.
mentary (Kdg.); Shop/Math.
Howell, Michigan - Teacher Needs:
Latin/English; Girls Physical Educa-
tion/Junior High Science; English;
Science (Gen, sci./Biology; Mathema-
Inkster, Michigan (Dearborn Twp
District No. 8) - Teacher Needs: Ele-
mentary; High School Counsellor: Eng-
lish (Jr. High).
St. Clair, Michigan - Teacher Needs:
Whitehall, Michigan-Teacher Needs:
Junior High Social Studies or Gen.
Science; Spanish/English; Industrial
CRISIS 1300 YEARS OLD:
Egypt Sets World's Nerves on Edge
By WILLIAM L. RYAN
Associated Press News Analyst
T HE Arab crisis is 1,300 years
For more than a dozen centu-
ries the Arabs, their civilization
cradled in the scorched Arabian
Peninsula, have conquered and
been conquered until the tides of
history scattered them over a vast
area now loosely known as "the
Today the heart and center of
that world is Egypt, and Egypt
has set the Western World's
nerves on edge. Nationalization of
the Suez Canal, focus of the im-
mediate crisis, is not the only
four, linked loosely by ties of com-
mon religion and the Arab lan-
guage. Nasser speaks for pan-
Arabism, and Arabic speaking
peoples are pulled strongly toward
the dream. But national, racial,
geographical and ideological ri-
valries keep the Arab lands dis-
The 10 million Arabs who in-
habit the Arabian Peninsula are
an isolated world to themselves.
Only the thin veneer- of a modern
civilization, induced by the flow
of foreign oil royalties, covers
centuries-old feudal systems.
The so-called fertile crescent -.
Arab occupy Morrocco, Tunis,
Algeria and Libya in North Africa.
Their religion is Moslem but in the
mists of centuries many of the
cultural ties with the Eastern
Arabs have been lost.
All these countries have their
own cultures, some tied to Europe.
Many Arabs are Christians, par-
ticularly in Lebanon and Egypt.
Some are Jews.
The new Egyptian constitution
calls Egypt an integral part of
"the Arab nation," meaning the
vast area in which at least 70
million* who might be described
as ArabF are linked by religion