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June 27, 1956 - Image 1

Resource type:
Michigan Daily, 1956-06-27

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(See page 2)

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Latest Deadline in the Slate




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VO. LX ~VIII, No. 2S



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Red Inspired
Students Plot
In Guatamala
President Armas
Decrees Martial Law
! GUATEMALA () - President
Carlos Castillo Armas clamped
military rule on Guatemala yes-
terday after a death-dealing clash
,Nonday night .between police and
university students accused of
Communist agitation.
The police fired on students
demonstrating on the Guatemalan
capital's main avenue. Three stu-
dents were killed instantly and
two more died during the night.
Seventeen others were wounded.
The governmont said one police-
man was killed and three were
March on Palace
The students, half of them girls,
were marching to the palace to
protest a state of alarm proclaim-
ed Sunday after an antigovern-
ment demonstration was put
Castillo Armas, a former mili-
tary man, declared a state of
siege, a modified form of martial
law. This meant stricter controls
than were provided under the
state of alarm.
All constitutional guarantees
have been suspended for 30 days.
Security chief Ismael Ortiz Orel-
lana said the student demonstra-
tion was linked with a Communist
plot to overthrow the government.
He said the government knows of
a plan by exiles to invade Guate-1
mala from Nicaragua and El Sal-
vador late this month.
Invasion Expected
He said the army was expecting
the invasion "at any moment."
The government said a "sediti-
ous Communist movement" had
been hatched with many partici-
peting who had been followers of
Communist-backed President Ja-
cobo Arbenz Guzman. Those fol-{
lowers fled Guatemala when Cas-
tillo Armas overthrew Arbenz Guz-
man in an armed rebellion'mount-
ed from neighporing HondurasK
two years ago.
Series Opens .
With Lecture
E. Frederic Morrow, administra-
tive officer of Special ProjectsI
group in the White House, willa
give the initial lecture today inf
the University's special summer
session program, "Patterns ofz
American Culture: Contributions
of the Negro."
Morrow will talk on "The Ameri-
can People in .Government" atn
4:15 p.m. in Rackham Lecturet
The speaker is at the present
responsible for coordination of in- c

Daily Appeals For Help
To Edit Summer Paper

SURVEYING THE SCENE - Daily senior editor calmly sur-
veys the scene, his arm resting lightly on the newspaper rack.
Daily senior editors are known for being casual and straight.

Ann Arbor in the summer can
be dull for most people-but not
for those who work on The Michi-
gan Daily.

To Discuss
Health, Aged
A three-day conference to be
held July 9-11 at the University
will discuss medical problems o
elderly persons.
The conference is expected tc
draw more than 500 medical and
gerontolicdl experts from across
the country. Major topics to be
discussed will be the shortage of
medical facilities for the aged,
prevention of chronicraiments by
improved hygenic measures dur-
ing early life and older persons'
inability to pay for -medical care
either through income or insur-
The conference, "Health for the
Aging," is sponsored by the Uni-.
versity's division of gerontology
and several University units, with
assistance from the United States
Department of Health, Education
and Welfare, the American Society
for the Aged, the Geriatric Re-
search Foundations; Michigan
State Medical Societ yand numer-
ous state agencies.
In charge of program arrange-
ments is Wilma T. Donahue,
chairman of the division of geron-
Speakers who will appear at the
conference include the following:
Dr. E. L. Bortz, former president
of the American Medical Associa-
tion and medical director of Leh-
man Hospital in Philadelphia who
will discuss, "Healthy A d d e d
Special assistant to the secre-
tary, United States Department of
Health, Dr. L. T. Coggeshall, will
speak on the topic, "The Battle
against Chronic Disease."
Dr. William B. Kountz, presi-
dent of the American Gerontologi-
cal Society and the Gerontological
Research Foundation will lecture
on, "Trends in Gerontology."
Dr. Olin Anderson, research di-
ector of the Health Information
Foundation will speak to the con-
ference on the topic, "Meeting the
Costs of Medical Care for the 65-
year-old and Over."
Assistant surgeon general and
deputy chief, bureau of state ser-
vices, United States Public Health
Service Dr. Lee Burney, will dis-
uss, "Legislative Trends in Meet-
ng Health Needs of Older People."
Clark Tibbitt, chairman of the
ommittee on aging, United States
Department of Health, Education
nd Welfare will speak on, "Pro-
essional Training in Geronto-
Also included in the conference
will be special clinics for physici-
ans and the Medical School and
2 workshops for welfare experts,
ocial workers, public health per-
onnel and others. Each of the
workshops will meet between gen-
ral sessions. Nationally known
ersons in each field will had the

The Daily has opportunities for
students interested in writing
photography, editing, and proof
reading. (Proof reading opportun-
ities are the most abundant actu-
Students interested in business
will find the business staff chal-
lenging. The Daily offers practical
business training as well as fun.
The latest test by a nationally
known cigarette manufacturer
proved conclusively that nine out
of ten people who stopped smok-
ing his brand went back to The
If you're interested in livening
up the summer, come to the Stu-
dent Publications Building, 420
Maynard, behind the Administra-
tion Bldg.
Ceylon Calls
For British
LONDON (P)-Prime Minister
Solomon Bandaranaike c'f Ceylon
called officially on the British
yesterday to give up their bases
at Trincomalee and Katunayake.
Commonwealth officials reported
the demand of the New Ceylon
leader was made at a meeting
with his old Oxford University
friend, British Prime Minister
Anthony Eden.
Bandaranaike called publicly for
Britain to quit the strategic Cey-
lon bases shortly after his election
in April but had delayed present-
ing the demand.
Trincomalee is the great British
naval base on Ceylon's east coast
and Katunayake is the Royal Air
Force base near Negombo on the
west coast.
Loss of the naval base would
make a big gap in the old British;
Empire lifeline. Trincomalee, home
base of the Allied Eastern Fleet in
World War II, is about midway be-
tween Aden at the tip of the
Arabian Peninsula and Singapore,
the island bastion just off the end
of the Malay Peninsula.

Senate Gives
Air Force
Extra Funds
Wilson Rapped
In Bitter Floor
Fight as 'Inept'
WASHINGTON (3--The Senate
rejected President Dwight D. Eis-
enhower's assessment of the na-
tion's air power needs yesterday
and voted nearly a billion dollars
more than he wanted for the Air
Force in fiscal 1957.
The 48-40 roll-call vote was a
smashing victory for Senate Dem-
ocrats, who refused to accept as-
surances of administration lead-
ers that the Air Force would have
enough money to keep ahead of
Russia in the struggle for world
air supremacy.
Voting was preceded by a bitter
attack on Secretary of Defense
Charles E. Wilson, who was called
inept, vain, arrogant and con-
temptuous of Congress.
The extra Air Force money,
most of it earmarked for improved
aircraft, was added to the De-
fense Department's budget for the
12 months beginning next Sunday.
Then the. Senate passed the 35-
billion-dollar defense measure on
a routine roll-call vote of 88-0. The
big bill provides about 16 xi billion
for the Air Force, 10 billion for
the Navy and Marine Corps and
71/2 billion for the Army. The bal-
ance would go for miscellaneous
Defense Department needs.
FCC Asks
TV Change
WASHINGTON ()-A tentative
long-term proposal for revolution-
izing television operations and a
more immediate program for re-
lieving current problems were
made public yesterday by the Fed-
eral Communications Commission.
The commission asked for com-
ment, to be submitted by Oct. 1,
"on the possibility of ultimately
shifting all or a major portion of
TV operation" to the ultra high
frequency channels-those num-
bered 14 through 83.
Meanwhile, it proposed to au-
thorize all-UHF telecasting in
some cities in scattered areas of
the country.
This shift, and others to follow,
is aimed at eliminating competi-
tion in a single area between sta-
tions transmitting on UHF fre-
quencies and those using Very
High frequency channels, number-
ed 2 through 13.
Twister Injures
One i n Michigan
IONIA, Mich. 05)-State police
at the Ionia post said a tornado
struck last night near the town of
Middleton in Neighboring Gratiot
One person was reported injured
when the twister knocked down
two barns and a house. Troopers
said he was taken to a hospital.
Clarence Hewitt reported an-
other small tornado roaring over
his farm near Lake Odessa in
Ionia county "with a noise like 50
airplanes pasing overhead." Hew-
itt said it never touched the

-Daily-Harding Williams
NEW P ESS BOX--Work is progressing rapidly on the University's new half-million dollar press
box. Scheduled for completion by early September the new press box will add several thousand seats
to Stadium capacity, bringing seating to more than 100,000 according to Athletic Publicity Director
Les Etter. Etter said the press box is being built in three decks. The working press section will seat
202 reporters. The middle deck will house photographers and their equipment. A third deck will ac-
commodate radio and television. Special features of the new press box, described by Etter as the
"latest and most modern," will be a cafeteria food service, presidential booth, wide aisles and good
working conditions. "We studied several press boxes and consulted with the press to determine most
functional use of space,55 Etter commented.

Congress Passes Roadbuilding

Program; New Gasoline


To Finance Superhighways

Playbill Lists
Plays, Opera
The University department of
speech this summer will present
four plays and an opera.
First on the Summer Playbill is
Bolton's "Anastasia," which will be
performed July 4-7. "The Circle"
by W. Somerset Maugham will be
presented July 11-14.
Also scheduled is Carroll's "The
Wayward Saint," July 25-28; Fry's
"The Lady's Not for Burning,"
August 1-5; and Puccini's opera
"La Boheme," August 9, 10, 11 and
"La Boheme" is to be produced
in conjunction with the School of
Music, under direction of Prof.
Hugh Z. Norton of speech depart-
ment and Prof. Josef Blatt of the
music school.
The four plays will be directed
by Prof. Jack E. Bender of the
speech department and visiting
Prof. James Brock.
All performances are scheduled
for 8 p.m. in the Lydia Mendels-
sohn Theatre with a special mati-
nee of the opera at 2:30, August
Marjorie Smith and Edward An-
dreasen will design costumes and
scenery for summer productions.
From 10 a.m. till 5 p.m. season
tickets are on sale at Lydia Men-
delssohn box office every day.
Tickets for individual perform-
ances go on sale next Monday.

Freign Ad Plan
ac ed B Dulles
WASHINGTON 0 )-Secretary; of State John Foster Dulles made
a final appeal to Congress yesterday to support President Dwight D.
Eisenhower's foreign aid program and to steer clear of cutting off
assistance to Communist Yugoslavia.
'Secretary Dulles told the Senate Foreign Relations Committee
that halting of United States aid to Yugoslavia might drive Marshal
Tito "into the camp of the Russians."

Expect Rapid
Compromise Plan
Provides 14,000
Mile Road Netwlrk
billion-dollar highway bill, bigget
non-defense spending program ilk
history, was passed by CongreII
yesterday and sent to President
Dwight D. Eisenhower.'
Congressional action was coM-
pleted by an 89-1 roll-call vote In -
the Senate. The lone, disseter
was Sen ,Russell B. Long (D-L.)
Earlier in the day, the House pass-
ed the bill by voice vote and witl-
out debate.
The roadbuilding proram in-
cludes just about everything Presi-
dent Eisenhower requested, exccp$
for bond financing of the federal
outlays. Congressional Democrats
succeeded in substituting t
booststo help pay for the 437year
Bill Called Urgent
President Eisenhower ha listed
the highway bill as an. "urgent"
Item on his program for Congress,.
Supporters of the legislation ex
pect him to sign it promnptly,
perhaps this week.
The bill provides for a $14,8000,-
000,000 hike in taxes to be levied
on highway users in the next 16
years. These will go into effect
July 1 if the President signs it y
that time.
One of'the tax boost woild ad
1 cent to the present 2-cents-a
gallon federal tax on gasoline:and
motor fuels.
The measure represents a comn
promise, worked out last week t
differing bils voter earlier by ,he
two branches.
Features Interstate Highwas
Its major feature calls for a ,-
000 mile network of Interstat
superhighways to cost some 2'
billion dollars. The federal go
ernment would pay 90 per cent
the bill; the states the rest. The
system would connect 42 stt.
capitals and 90 per cent ',,&,0 <
cities of over 50,000 population,
Federal spending on existing
road programs also would be great'
ly increased under the bill's pro-
visions. These outlays would total
$2,550,000,000 in the next three
years and would be matched 50-0
by state contributions.
Additional sums would be spent
on roads in national parks and
forests and on Indian reservations,
bringing total spending to $32,-
One of the major compromises
in the bill involves the method of
alloting federal road aid ,to the
states. The conferees decided to
retain the present formula-based
on population-for the first three
years. After that, the states would
get what they needed to complete
their sections of the interstate
Long Opposes Taxes
The opposition by Sen. Long to
the bill stemmed from it ta
provisions. He told the Seiatehe
favored the, construction, features
but believed the present highway,
user taxes were sufficient to fi'-
nance'the program
Gargoyle To
Strike Again
"The 1958 summer Gargoyle ;is
getting off' the ground," Stated
Art Editor Bob Maitland, while
cleaning five thousand paint
brushes early this afternoon.'_

"Especially, we need good writ-
ers and artists," added Managing
Editor David Kessel. "They should
preferably be wealthy, but other-
wise properly dressed."
The summer Garg will be pub-
lished Friday, Sept. 21, according
to present plans. Interested, well-
meaning students can join the
staff by appearing at the Garg

Tucker Wins
By The Associated Press
'Tucker of Terre Haute won the
Democratic nomination for gover-
nor last night after a record-break-
ing nine ballots in one of the most
hectic and bitterly fought state
conventions in Indiana history.
Tucker defeated State Sen.
Matthew E. Welsh of Vincennes on
the final ballot after four other
candidates had been eliminated
one by one from the fifth ballot
The platform advocating an
"end to government secrecy," 100
per cent parity of income for
farmers and a workable guaran-
teed annual wage law was also
adopted yesterday by the 1956
Democratic state convention.


ternal management affairs in the
Special Projects Group which in-
cludes the Council of Foreign Eco-
nomic Policy, headed by Joseph
+ M. Dodge, the offices of Harold E.
Stassen and Nelson A. Rockefeller,
special assistants to the President
and the Office of Hajor Gen. John
S. Bragdon special consultant' on
Public Works Planning.
Prior to the Commerce Depart-
ment, Morrow was with the Col-
umbia Broadcasting System where
he served on the public relations
staff and as a member of the
Employee-Management Commit-i
tee. He has also held the post of
field secretary for the National
Association for the Advancement
of Colored People.
Governors Like Ike
Rp-nnhian i v-rnnrq n #: #.


Iceland Vote Threatens NATO Base

He then went directly to a meet-
ing of the Senate Republican Pol-
icy Committee to argue against
further cuts in the $4,502,000,000
foreign aid bill approved earlier
by the foreign relations group.
To Debate Tuesday
The bill comes up for debate on
the Senate floor Tuesday.
Secretary Dulles gave a "sum-
ming up" of administration argu-
ments for the figure approved by
the Foreign Relations Committee.
This sum is 400 million dollars less
than President Eisenhower origin-
ally requested but 600 millions
more than the House voted.
Chairman Styles Bridges (R-NH)
said Secretary Dulles asked for
and got no commitments from the
GOP Policy Committee.
Long Asks Amendment
The conference came as Sen.
Russel B. Long (D-La) filed an
amendment in the Senate to cut
the aid bill by an additional $1,-
800,000,000, to bring it down to
about the $2,765,000,000 which
Congress voted last year.
Secretary Dulles appeared at a
closed session of the Foreign Re-
lations Committee. The group did
not make his testimony public but
Chairman Walter George (-Ga)
yuoted him as saying itais "highly
Important" that aid tox Yugoslavia
be continued.
"The secretary is vitally con-
cerned that we do nothing at this
time to drive the Yugoslavs back
into the camp of the Russians"
George said.
Secretary Dulles was quoted as
saying it would not be in the Un-
ited States interest to cut-off aid
to Tito at present. That has been
proposed by Sens. Joseph Mc-
Carthy (R-Wis) and William Jen-
,et Site Proposed
Washington, (IP1-A senate com-
mittee today expressed preference
for Kalkaska instead of Manistee
County as the site for a proposed
ia a.r u c i 7fihss Q

Defeat of the pro-American In-
dependence Conservative Party in
Iceland has raised doubts regard-
ing that small republic's future
status ih the East-West struggile
-and the presence of NATO troups
on the island.
Prof. George Kish of the geo-
graphy department commented
that the Icelandic elections, which
gave the Progressive and Social
Democrats 25 of 52 seats in the
Althing, "will not necessarily mean
the withdrawal of United States
troups" stationed there.
Under a NATO agreement, the
United States maintains a radar'
base at Keflavik manned by 4,000
troups. It was the Keflavik issue
which forced the strategic elec-I
tions after the Progressives pushed'

"The presence of American
troups on Iceland soil has always
been a source of friction," he said.
Secondly, "when the current treaty
was negotiated with the coalition
that has just lost power, it provid-
ed for the construction of certain
facilities which was to be done by
local contractors."
"It seems that politics were in-
volved in awarding the contracts,"
Prof. Kish explained, "since a ma-
jority of them were distributed to
members of one party. This caused
economic discontent."
Soviets Offer Trade
Another economic reason fo-
menting anti-American sentiment
was that neither the United States

arily true Iceland will not acceptI
more bases.
"But it is certain," he added,
"that when the current defense
agreement comes up for negotia-
tion, or even sooner, Iceland will
demand much more stringent con-
Communists Increase Strength
Commenting on the increase in
Communist Party seats in the Ice-
landic parliament, Prof William B.
Ballis, a visiting professor in the
political science department from
the University of Washington, in-
dicated the Communists will try
to oust American troups.
"Communist Party line," he
pointed out, "has always aimed at
having us remove our bases from
the perimeter around the Soviet:
Union," and when Communists get
- _ 4 1 -9.,..._,, . ... .... .. ,, . .

Cognizant of the necessity for
another coalition government in
Iceland, Prof. Daniel Wit of the
political science department com-
mented, "Since there is no abso-
lute majority available in favor of
eviction of United States troups,
apparently there will be some ef-
fort at compromise."
"The most likely result will be
a coalition government which will
attempt to reduce the size of the
American installation and perhaps
compel the United States to make
some form of paymen to Iceland,
w hich at present it does not do,"
he said,
Prof. Wit cited the new Soviet
foreign policy of peaceful compe-
tition and deemphasis of armed
forces as a possible influence on
Tan ri'ccrninaracl-, "Ti in nr_-







1 ;

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