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1

g t{rhigatt Bally
Sixty-Sixth Year
EDITED AND MANAGED BY STUDENTS OF THE UNIVERSIYy OF MICHIGAN
UNDER AUTHORITY OF BOARD IN CONTROL OF STUDENT PUBLICATIONS
STUDENT PUBLICATIONS BLDG. * ANN ARBOR, MICH. * Phone NO 2-3241

Near The Jugular Vein

r

~'wheni Opinious Are Free.
'truth ww ]Prevauft

Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers or
the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.
FRIDAY, AUGUST 10, 1956 NIGHT EDITOR: DICK HALLORAN

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DANCE REVIEW:
Pearl Primus
Good Entertainer
PEARL Primus last night brought to Ann Arbor the first profes-
sional dance program that local people have had an opportunity
to witness in several years. Appearing as part of the "Patterns of
American Culture: Contributions of the Negro" summer series, Miss
Primus undoubtedly contributed a more memorable experience than

Circus Big Top Replaced
By National Conventions

THE BIG tops have now passed from the
American scene, but the circus will never
die.
National political party conventions are
much like an over-sized circus, complete with
noise, heat, strong lights and music. And along
with this is the smoke-filled back room where
a few politicians carry on the real business
of the convention.
The,.Democrat and Republican National Con-
ventions durin gthe next two weeks will dis-
play many of these characteristics, belying the
importance of the occasion to the nation.
With television cameras reporting a great
number of the superficial, and sometimes not
so superficial, aspects of the convention to an
audience of millions, the circus atmosphere is
often the dominating impression created in the
minds of the audience.
INSTEAD of paying rapt attention to the
speakers, delegates will be dashing from
place to place trying to gain support for fa-
vorite candidates. Crowds of photographers will
be snapping any person or occurance that has
any possibility of being significant. Political
opponents will treat each other like old friends,
while their aides try to swing support from
one to the other. Occasionally both music and
tempers will flare and just as quickly be for-
gotten.
Reporters will be trailing important person-
alities for stories or trying to get into caucuses
to see which way the balloting will swing. Dele-
gates will be holding out for favorite son can-
didates o r trying to decide to jump on some-
one's bandwagon now or later. Debates and
sudden decisions will mark discussion of party
platforms, which, in an attempt to please so
many widely differing interests within the
pal ty, often end up so nebulous that it takes
an expert to render an interpretation.
Is all this time and expense necessary to
nominate a couple presidential candidates,
people ask. Why not select candidates via a
nationwide primary election?

SUCH gestions do not take into consideration
the real processes behind a national con-
vention, or the structure of the United State's
party system. Hectic activity and political in-
trigue may seem to be an undesirable and dis-
pensable element at conventions, but the fault
if any actually exists, can be found in the na-
ture of human beings, not in the conventions.
That political parties organize and select
a presidential candidate to win control of the
government is a truism. And in a country as
large as the United. States there are so many
interest groups with differing and even an-
tagonistic ideas that for one party to be able
to win the support of a majority is a major
feat,
Thus, each political party seeks both to sW9
lect a candidate who can command the largest
number of votes and to unify the divergent in-
terests within the party itself.
This cannot be accomplished in a presiden-
tial primary. With a large list of candidates,
voters are all too prone to support a local can-
didate, rather than one who can win nation-
wide favor in the final elections, Even a can-
didate winning the largest number of votes in
a primary could not be assured of full party
support in the main election, especially if he
were supported by an interest group that just
happened to be bigger than those supporting
other candidates.
FURTHERMORE, party delegates would have
to attend something similar to the conven-
tions of today, anyway, in order to draw up a
party platform. For a candidate to decide hid
own platform is nearly impossible. Not only
would the voters not know for what they
were voting, but a president elected in such an
instance would be put in the embarrassing
posibion of having less support from his party
in Congress than is given under the present
system.
In spite of all the biclerings and maneuver-
ings that seem only to confuse or prolong nom-
ination of a presidential candidate, the nation-
al convention is the most unifying institution
in American politics.
--MARY ANN THOMAS

Copyright, 1956. The Pulltzer Pubibi h~g C..
(HertockIs o YactionSt. Louis Post-Dispatch

AT LYDIA MENDELSSOHN:
'Boheme' Popular Now as Ever

Ike Should Take Physical Exam Now

THESE are the days when a belch from Pres-
ident Eisenhower will result in headlines,
editorials and commentaries. Reporters tack
comments about Ike's color and appearance at
the end of their stories, statistics at length of
survival for ileitis patients are still being pub.
lished while the president and his doctors em-
phatcially affirm Ike is physically fit to serve
another four years in the White House.
The President has recently promised the na-
tion, however, just for precautionary measures,
that he will have a final health examination
and will assuredly tell the American people
if there has been any change that would stop
him from serving another term.
The examination is ambiguously scheduled
for "an appropriate time" - "some time later
this year"-"but certainly before the election."
Since Ike's health will be a big issue the
Democrats will be attacking, it would seem
logical that President Eisenhower should have
his examination made and the state of his
physical endurance announced now, before the
Republican Convention, rather than "some
time later this year."
p OSSIBLY the Republicans are foregoing
logic for strategy. After Ike is safely nom-
inated at the convention and the Democrats.
have exhausted themselves blasting his health
-then would be the- appropriate time for an-
nouncing the results of Ike's health examina-
tion - providing it is good, of course.

If, however, the examination happens to turn
out negative, and the doctors and the President.
are truthful about it, the Republican Party
will be in a pretty bad fix.
-DONNA HANSON..
Simple Heroism
.0
Deserves Recognition
BURIED in the back pages of Thursday's
metropolitan newspapers was a story of
simple and impressive heroism that deserves to
be pointed out.
The United States Navy has announced that
Lt. Commander Robert Anderson of Point
Loma, California gave his life in a successful
attempt to prevent crashing his disabled F-73
jet fighter into the heart of El Paso, Texas.
Anderson's aircraft failed during a flight from
San Diego's North Island Naval Air Station.
The 38-year-old father of two guided the
blazing mass into a vacant lot, avoiding a
school, a housing development and a refinery.
We can and should be fiercely proud of a
man such as Commander Anderson, who,
though far from any battlefield, unhesitatingly
gave his life for his fellow men.
It is hoped that his country will officially
honor this most unselfish of gifts.
-ALLAN STILLWAGON

AMONG the operas most popular
today, "La Boheme" seems to
enjoy a special variety of popu-
larity all its own. Whether this is
derived from the story of the music
or the characters or the general
atmosphere or, more likely, the
overall combination; Boheme has
a wide appeal which is almost ir-
resistable to opera fanciers.
With this head-start, Josef Blatt
pnd Hugh Norton could hardly go
wrong by choosing "La Boheme"
as the summer opera production
of the Speech & Music depart-
ments.
And indeed, in spite of the usual
first-night assortment of missed
-cues, orchestral fluctiations, and
vocal irregularities, Boheme was
overall a good job.
* * *.
THE FIRST QUESTION which
presents itself is that of language.
Boheme was originally written in
Italian, for Italian audiences, in
Italy. Somehow, I have always
been prejudiced in favor of orig-
inal-language productions; espec-
ially for French and Italian opera
where the flavor of the original
is often lost in translation.
The choice of language is this:
shall the less informed members
of the audience know what all the
shouting is about, or shall the lin-
guists be satisfied.
Most a m a t e u r performances
wisely choose English translations;
the assumption apparently being
that the audience will at least be
amused by the dialogue, if not by
the singing. Still, I should some-
time like to hear a foreign lan-
guage presentation of an opera by,
the Music & Speech people, if only
to see how it sounds.
As for the English performance
of Boheme, it was generally a good
translation, with only occasional
awkward passages which usually
passed unnoticed. In most instan-
ces, it is difficult to understand
every word of a translation, but

enough got across last night so
that the audience laughed and
cried at the proper intervals.
THOMAS TIPTON as Marcel
fairly well dominated the stage last
night, although his beard was ob-
viously false. But his voice was,
one of the best, and his actions
were quite natural and convinc-
ing.
Less impressive was Jerry Lang-
enkamp as Rodolphe. Often, the
high notes of the score were out-
side the periphery of his vocal
rance. His middle range was clear,
though, and his acting was gen-
eitally believable.
Mussette, June Howe, was a
colorful character; in contrast to
Katherine Rush, who sang a some-
what straitlaced Mimi. Conse-
quently Mussette and Marcel often
blotted out Mimi and Rodolphe in
the ensemble sections. Priscilla
Bickford will sing Mimi tonight.
Both the women have rather
small, sine-wave-pure voices that
somehow always sound better in
Italian than English. They were
both occasionally overpowered by
the room-filling voices of the men.
Willis Patterson's Colline was
well sung, just as Charles Hefern-
an's Alcindore was well acted.
Wendell Orr, Schaunard, and
Earl Sayer, Benoit, were comfort-
able in their lesser roles.
* * *
THE OTHERS in the cast, most-
ly Urchins, Mothers, Children, and
Students, were well trained and
never tripped over each other. The
Physical Education people and
Esther Pease are to be thanked for
this. Especially note the cute girl
Student with long blond hair. Pu-
ccini's schools were always full
of women like this.
The costumes were all well done;
especially Colline's; he was the
picture of elegance. Staging was
somewhat above the usual for Bo-
heme, an improvement over many

. of the so-called professional tour-
ing companies which often rely
upon poor lighting to hide set de-
fects. The attic scene was most
effective.
The weak spot of amateur opera
is, of course, the orchestra. Occas-
ionally misguided strings, and pre-
mature horns marred the first
night performance in spots. But,
in all fairness, it should be said
that, aside from a few unsightly
blemishes, the orchestral picture
was tolerable, occasionally produc-
ing moments of near greatness-
especially through act two and
at the end of the opera. The dif-
dicult synchronization between the
onstage band and the orchestra in
act two was managed adequately,
but just barely.
"Boheme" addicts should plan
to see this performance. The ef-
forts of ProfessorBlatt and Norton
have been not unrewarding, and I
doubt that many will be disap-
pointed.
--David Kessel
I _FTTERS
to the
EDITOR
Disa'ippointment...
To the Editor:
TURNING quickly to my favorite
morning paper, Aug. 8, it was
rather disappointing not to find
more election news and results
than was offered in your single,
one-column story on page 1.
In years gone by, The Daily,
boasting the latest deadline in the
State, has usually provided some
election results and.in particular,
those of a local nature, for the
convenience of its readers.
-Robert B. Vokae

any of this session's lectures.
Pearl Primus is a composite
with tremendous power that sheI
can evoke the most subtle of nu-
ances, convey the most dramatic
feeling. Her rage - from a thun-
dering African fertility dance to
the good-natured humor of the
Caribbean Castillian - is amaz-
ing. She isalso a poised lecturer
who details the meanings of her
dances, and a comedienne who has
learned the valuable lesson of
timing.
* * ,
WITH. ALL of these talents,
Pearl Prius emerges as a show-
woman, a class of entertainer
which numbers few among its
ranks. Occasionally the textbook
material may slip in, and some-
times her material may become
heavy-handed (as in the reviva-
list-talking-about-freedom bit),
but, for the most part, she gives
her audience an evennig of fun.
The first half of her program,
primarily a serious business and
labeled "Africa," was devoted to
native tribal dances Miss Primusj
learned while studying in Africa
Here she danced the fertiltiy
prayer (long, heavy strides and
powerful arm movements) and the
rhythmic Fanga.
She ended the first part with
the "Santos," a writhing and con-j
vulsive bit of choreography repre-
senting the emotional turmoil be-
tween the ancient, tribal religion
and Christianity. Her most serious
work of the evening, Miss Primus
displayed what few dramatic ac-
tresses 'possess, an ability to make
each part of the body speak. The
anguish, despair and confusion
were beautifully demonstrated.
Percival Borde, a young man
with the perfect dancer's body,
lean, agile and smooth, performed
an "Earth Magician" dance and
a series of "Watusi" pieces. While
he lacks the power of Miss Primus,
his sinewy style provides an ex-
cellent complement to the latter.
Completing this section was
"Drum Talk," expertly performed
by drummer Moses Miann. It
proved what Americans, accus-
tomed to strings and brass, often
forget: the drum is capable of
producing the most beautiful of
music.
ON THE second half of the pro-
gram, divided into "Caibbean"
and "America," the mood was es-
sentially one of lightness. The
dances of the Caribbean, contain-
ing the influence of Spanish and
French dance movements, are per-
haps best described as "saucy."
The subtle innuendos of Calypso
music - the catchy lyrics and the
disjointed language, the emphasis
upon the pleasantly wicked, and
the infectious rhythm - make
this form much closer to our own
conventional forms of dance and
music. ~
Mr. Brode here displayed what
is his strongest point, the kind
of predominantly male muscular
power that Miss Primus does not
hold, and that is vital to Carib-
bean dancing. Like the sensible
show-woman she is, Miss- Primus
allowed Mr. Brode to carry this
segment.
"America" was a short move-
ment devoted to Blues, Jazz and
Spiritual. Except for the fast and
furious closing, "Great Day In
the Mornini'," Miss Primus did
not seem to do justice to Negro
contributions to American culture.
Partly because of the brevity, and
partly because Miss Primus is at
her best in the more majestic
dances of Africa, it seemed a weak
fnding to what was otherwise an
exciting evening of dance.
THE QUESTION inevitably
arose - over filter-tip cigarettes,
under programs held above the

lips, between bits of lobby gossip :
Is it authen~tic?
From the manner in which Miss
Primus put her program together,
with the wit, occasional exaggera-
tion, and good fun of a storyteller,
this question does not need to be
answered.
Probably only Miss Primus, the
African natives and a stray an-
thropologist really know. For the
remainder, Miss Primus exhibited
her talent for pleasing audiences.
--Ernest Theodossin
Stocks Slump
After Rise
Rails were the heroes and
metals the villains of yesterday's
stock market rise, the third
straight this week,
The market was higher from the
'start and looked as if it were
really going places late in the aft-

of many things. She is a dancer
has completely under control; she
DAILY
OFFICIAL
BULLETIN
The Daily Official Bulletin is an
official publication of the University
of Michigan for which the Michigan
Daily assumes no editorial responsi-
bility. Notices should be sent in
TYPEWRITTEN from the Room 3553
Administration Building before 2 p.m.
the day preceding publication.
FRIDAY, AUGUST 19, 1956
VOL. LXVIII, NO. 335
General Notices
To all students having Library books
1. Students having in their posses-
sion books borrowed from the General
Library or its branches are notified
that such books are due Mon., Aug. 13.
2. Students having special need for
certain books between Aug. 13 and Aug.
17 may retain such books for that
period by renewing them at the charg-
ing Desk.
3. The names of all students who
have not cleared their records at the
Library by Fri., Aug. 7 will be sent
to the Cashier's Office and their credits
and grades will be withheld until such
time as said records are cleared in com-
pliance with the regulations of the
Regents.
University faculty members may se-
cure complimentary tickets to Teach-
ers' Day at the Michigan State Fair o
Sat., Sept, 8. Tickets are also available
for teachers and prospective taher
Calli Miss McLellan, School of Ed-
cation, Extension 2973.
Manuscripts for the Summer Hop-
wood Awards must be in the Hopwood '
Room, 1006 Angell Hall, by 4:30 p.m.
on Friday.
Lectures
Astronomy Department Visitors' Night
Fri., Aug. 10, 8:30 p.m., Room 2003 An-
gell Hall. Prof. F. D. Miller will speak
on "Recent Advances in Astronomy."
After the talk the Student Observatory
on the fifth floor of Angell Hall will
be open for inspection and for tele-
scopic observations of Saturn, Mars, and
a double star. children welcomed, but
must be accompanied by adults.
Music for Living Series: Final dem-
onstration-lecture, "Choral Training
Technics," by Donald Plott of David-
son College (NC.), conductor of the
Summer Session Chor, 7:00 p.m., Mon.,
Aug. 13, Aud. A, Angell Hall. Open to
the public,
Play
Puccini's opera, LA BOHEME, will be
presented by the Department of Speech
and the School of Music at 8 p.m.
Fri., Sat., and Mon. in the Lydia Men-
delssohn Theatre, with h matinee at
2:30 p.m. Sat.
Concerts
Recital of Contemporary Music by
Robert Courte, violist, and Robert
Noehren organist, 4:15 p.m. Sun., Aug.
12, in Hill Auditorium. Compositions by
Paul Hindemith, John Duke, Ernst
Krenek, and Leo Sowerby open to the
general public without charge.
Student Recital. Thomas Jack Hamil,
tenor, at 8:30 p.m. Sun., Aug. 12, in
And. A, Angell Hall, in partial ful-
fillment of the requirements for the
degree of Master of Music. Works by
Handel, Respighi and Schumann, and
will be open to the public. Hamil is a
pupil of Harold Haugh.
Student Recital: Malcolm Brown, stu-
dent of piano with Benning Dexter,
at 8:30 p.m. Mon., Aug. 13, in the Rack-
ham Assembly Hall, in partial fulfill-
ment of the requirements for the de-
gree of Master of Music. Compositions
by Bach, Mozart, Prokofiev, Bartok and
Chopin; open to the public.
Academic Notices
Law School Admission Test: Candi-
dates taking the Law Schol Admission
Test on Aug. 11 are requested to re-
port to Room 100, Hutchins Hall at
8:45 Sat. morning.
Admission Test for Graduate Study
i Business: Candidates taking the Ad-
mission Test for Graduate Study in
Business on Aug. 18 are requested to

report to Room 140, Business Adminis-
tration at 8:45 a.m. Sat., Aug. 18, 1956.
Attention August Graduates: College
of Literature, Science, and the Arts,
School of Education, School of Music.
School of Public Health, School of
Business Administration:
Students are advised not t.o request
grades of I or X in August. When such
grades are absolutely imperative, the
work must be made up in time to al.
low your instructor to report the make.
up grade not later than 11 a.m.. Aug.
23. Grades received after that time may
defer the student's graduation until
a later date.
Recommendations for Departmental
Honors: Teaching departments wishing
to recommend tentative August grad-
uates from the College of Literature,
Science, and the Arts, and the School
of Education for departmental honors
(or high honors in the College of
G.S. &-A.) should recommend such stu-
dents in a letter delivered to the Of-
fice of Registration and Records, Room
1513 Administration Building, before
Aug. 23.
Doctoral Examination for Joseph S.
Lambert, Electrical Engineering; thesis:
"Analysis of the Blocking Oscillator
Circuit Utilizing Transmission Line
Characteristics of the Pulse Trans-
frer." Fri. Ai r i, 9-M n ... ..-

/I

INTERPRETING THE NEWS:
British Position Made Clear

MILITARY DEFENSE:

By J. M. ROBERTS
Associated Press News Analyst
PRIME Minister Eden's international broad-
cast on the Suez dispute has made Britain's
position perfectly clear, but whether he im-
proved it is another matter.
Enough replies have been received to insure
the international conference on the canal's
future will begin Aug. 16. Ii the meantime,
continued Allied attacks on Egypt's President
Nasser can only serve to aggravate the situa-
tion.
Editorial Staff
LEE MARKS, Managing Editor
Night Editors
Richard Halloran, Donna Hanson,

Nasser, trying to show himself as an ag-
gressive leader of the small states of the Middle
East, has gotten himself nito a bad spot.
The proper Allied course is not to pin him
there because he has defied a couple of big
countries, but to help him get off it and end
end the crisis.
AS FOR Russia's effort to broaden the con-
ference by admitting nonmaritime nations,
it isn't worth much attention.
The conference was originally designed as a
busniess meeting of affected nations to meet
an interference with business. It is not a poli-
tical conference to be attended by drawn sides
with a few so-called neutrals sitting in between
as umpires.
There is only one thing on the agenda - to
devise a means of insuring continued interna-
tional operation of the canal in a situation
where one man, whose word is not trusted, is

Foreign Nations Set U.S. Deployment

By JOHN M. HIGHTOWER
Associated Press Diplomatic Reporter
THERE was a time when the
President of the United States
alone could determine when, where
and how the armed forces of the
United States would be deployed.
But today that is a matter of
the utmost concern to the Prime
Minister of Iceland, the Sultan of
Morocco and the King of Saudi
Arabia, not to mention the min-
isters of the Emperor of Japan.
Every one of them wants to have
a say in how the United States
handles this vital affair, and all
of them have some limited veto on
what it does because their terri-
tories are involved.
America's first line of defense is
based on foreign soil.

retain control of some base posi-
tions is hardening.
The decline of war fears due to
Russia's more friendly behavior
over the past three years is the
major underlying cause of most of
the trouble that the foreign base
system is in today.
If the United States shows read-
iness to pay higher and higher
prices to keep its troops and
planes stationed in positions far
from home, then the nations which
control the based territories, ac-
cording to present thinking, will
show a parallel tendency to de-
mand higher and higher prices.
If other countries are coming to
feel they no longer need protec-
tion-a belief which official Wash-
ington strongly rejects-then in

The positions thus created are
of vital military importance in two
main respects. They make it pos-
sible now for medium-range Am-
erican bombers to maintain a con-
stant threat of atomic retaliation
against the Soviet-Red Chinese
land mass.
For the future they provide the
possibility of launching sites for
medium-range missiles with atomic
warheads.
The bases also provide protec-
tion for local sectors of the free
world where Soviet military power
poses a direct offensive threat.
SO FAR as the maintainance of
deterrent power against aggres-
sive action by Russia is concerned
several overseas bases are said by
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