EDITED AND MANAGED BY STUDENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN
UNDER AUTHORITY OF BOARD IN CONTROL OF STUDENT PUBLICATIONS
STUDENT PUBLICATIONS BLDG. * ANN ARBOR, MICH. * Phone NO 2-3241
Some Awfully Dark Horses
When Opinions Are Fres,
Truth WID PrevU'*
Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers or
the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.
WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 8, 1956 NIGHT EDITOR: MARY ANN THCMAS
More U Funds Not Answer
To City's Financial Problem
N HEN city fathers bewail lack of funds and culties and the University's obligation to com-
ask for additional revenue, first taxpayer pensate for unreasonable burden, we urge the
reaction usually takes the form of protest University to hold the line and insure reason-
against inefficiency and waste in city manage- able payments.
ment. Twice in recent years the city has gone The University is hard pressed to provide
to the people with proposed additional taxes. adequate teaching and housing facilities for
Twice the people have voted no. its own needs without bailing the city out of
Whether or not Ann Arbor is economically trouble. We are reluctant to see University
managed, and we don't know the answer to funds that could go to teachers, rooms, scholar-
this, there are factors that indicate any ef- ships, go to the city. City relations are im-
ficiently run city in similar circumstances would portant to the University but not worth buying.
be hard-pressed to make ends meet. Its largest City officials could more profitably direct
industry doesn't pay taxes. It has little large their attention to diversifying the tax base. It
industrythadoespyawould yield more money, has a better chance
for success and is more logical than constantly
Ann Arbor's economic plight is not serious badgering the University for increased pay-.
enough nor dramatic enough to arouse tax- ments.
payer interest. The city isn't nearing bank-
ruptcy. But it is slowly getting run down. It ANN ARBOR should back fully efforts of the
Is hard to overcome taxpayer apathy in the Michigan Municipal League to induce the
early stages of deterioration. The decline is State Legislature to authorize local income
too gradual and subtle.. taxes. The income tax is a big money getter.
But if local citizens want to maintain pride Further taxes, such as the already proposed
in the appearance of their city, want Ann Ar- admissions tax, should be considered.
bor's reputation as a beautiful college town to And when additional taxes are finally pro-
remaii intact, want continued civic services posed, the taxpayer must be sold on them, with
and standards well above minimum or average, a solid, intense promotional campaign.
they'd better find some way to get more money. A measure not yet fully explored would be
They're not going to do it on what they have, raising the level of the property tax for current
operations. This can be done, on a year-to-year
C-ITY FATHERS are well-aware of the need basis, with consent of the voters.
for more money. Although exhorbitant property taxes would
Unfortunately, most of their thinking has incur taxpayer discontent, boosting the level
been in terms of the University. Despite official from the present seven and a half mills to the
proclamations that all the city wants is fair maximum 10 mills would be a sound stop-gap
compensation, most city administrators pri- measure to tide the city over until a more
vately talk in terms of how much they can get. permanent solution can be found.
Cognizant both of the city's financial diffI- -LEE MARKS
Education on Coaxial Cables
A RECENT article in the University of Ala- since writers gifted in making material appeal-
bama's paper, Crimson-White, starts out ing would make up the lectures. The lectures
with: "Turn up the volume. I can't hear." It would be timed to fit half-or-one-hour slots,
goes on to explain that four English classes at the lecturers would be conscious of reading
the university are going to be taught by tele- correctly, of where the camera was.
vision. And even if some speakers were photogenic
Other universities have gone farther than and knew what they were talking about, the
just four classes over the channels. New York total mechanization of material and appearance
University, for instance, has several depart- would cause apathy. -
ments equipped with microphones, cameras, What of the student? Where would be the
booms, makeup, time limits, earphones. hands raised in query, the discussions after
We at Michigan have had a slight brush from class? Even if weekly quiz sections were held,
the coaxial cable edification, as one teacher how much stimulation will half way personal
puts it; last fall the medical school said there contact bring? What sort of excuse is a coaxial
were going to be telecasts of various technical cable for an academic community? (This is
affairs that would make information more not to say that academic communities stimulate
easily obtainable by students. That sort of everyone, or that every student wants to talk
thing is not to be condemned as certain aspects to his teacher.)
of medical education lend themselves very
well to television demonstration. IN UNIVERSITIES where many students are
But when other schools are mechanizing already concentrating on getting "good grades
English classes, one speculates this university only," would not television be much more con-
being drawn into it. ducive to pure memorization, heads bent over
notebooks, pencil in hand, to just get that A?
JUST WHAT would happen in television edu- We could go on. Right now, all we can do is
cation? Teachers with photogenic appeal watch other schools give in to the coaxial
would be searched out to give the lectures- cable, and hope it doesn't happen here.
knowledge of subject matter wouldn't matter -ADELAIDE WILEY
INTERPRETING THE NEWS:,
Odds Against Mid-East War
S .' "-Y C",1'5,o
y4:" f '- r } Y
By Sensi*tive A rust
LAST night, the Goldberg Variations were given an engrossing,
sensitive preformance by Alice Ehliers. The projection in terms of
tempo, expression and registration was highly individual and carefully
The highest praise that one could pay it. is to say that it was so
limpid that one felt as if he were actually reading the score. Even
the occasional mistakes and gropings (the work was played in some
Copyright, 1956, Te Pulitzer Publihing Co..
(Herbiock Is on Yacation)
SALINE MILL THEATRE:
Dial M' Competently Done
fifty-odd minutes without break)
added to a realization of the es-
sential characteristics of this mu-
sic and its ultimate power.
THIS WORK is one of those
promethean works, the under-
taking of which is, for a harpsi-
chordist, equivalent to an actor's
playing of King Lear, or a ballet
dancer's assuming of the dual
roles of Odette-Odile in Swan
Lake. It is to meet a formidable
challenge as an interpretive ar-
tist; one which requires heroic
stamina, powerful technical skill
Moreover, any performance of
the Variations almost subcon-
sciously leads to a comparison
with the famous recorded perfor-
mance of this work by Wanda
Landowska. Madame Ehlers' deli-
very braved this comparison and
emerged with considerable honor.
To begin with, there were in-
teresting differences in the atti-
tude to this music. One felt that
although Madame Ehlers, too,
knew Landowska's interpretation,
she deliberately assumed a con-
trary view and in most cases she
Sometimes, the difference was
only a matter of registration, like
that of variation I which sounded
bravely rich and festive, or varia-
tion XIX that used the lute regis-
ter on the baccarole-like passages.
But oftener, the difference was
one of phrasing, accentuation and
keyboard touch. Madame Ehlers
made the melodic lines crisper,
breaking them sometimes to ach-
ieve this effect, and in the con-
trapuntal passages where the
notes were broken up into equal
values, the texture was so limpid,
one could almost visualize the
various lines crosing each other.
Some variations seemed rougher
and more staccatoed than Lan-
dowska's, and deliberately so -
as in variations V, VI, and XXIV.
Everyone of the three minor vari-
ations were played much more
rapidly, and somehow suffered
from their business-like manipu-
lation. Not everyone finds Lan-
dowska's romantic lingering over
the phrases in these minor varia-
tions credible: but I do, and prefer
it that way.
The Quodlibeet (variaation
XXX) was given a heavy, mock-
heroic delivery. Sandwiched in, as
it was, between the light, almost
Frenchy readings of the preced-
ing two variations and the moody,
melancholy aria da capo, it gave
the finish of the variation cycle a
humor and geniality it frequently
* * *
I THINK I would say that the
work in general was given a very
impressionalistic, well modulated
reading: neither mechanical nor
perfunctory. It was gentler than
Landowska's declamation; and no
FREDERICK KNOTT'S thriller
"Dial 'M' for Murder" opened
a two-week run at Saline Mill
Theatre last night, although the
performance gave every indication
of being an awkward dress rehear-
sal. There was a considerable
amount of difficulty with the lines,
and none of the actors seemed
fully aware of the dimensions of
the set or properties.
The people handling lighting
and sound were scarcely more for-
tunate, and only the indulgence of
a generous audience kept the
number of unintentional laughs
Aside from these opening night
misfortunes the company provides
a competent production of the
play. It is difficult to gauge ex-
actly how much better the cast
will perform when the technical
wrinkles are gone because the play
itself is so heavily loaded with
important sound and light cues,
but most of the actors seem to
have grasped their characters nice-
ly and approach the play with the
* * *
THE ROLE of Tony Wendice,
the scheming husband, is played
by Howard Malpas, who \ias not
appeared on the Saline stage this
summer but who has directed two
earlier plays, Mr. Malpas seems
a bit more ferocious than might
have been hoped, and his poise too
often deserts him at the wrong
times. The role deserves a good
deal more calculated coolness than
Mr. Malpas seems willing to give
it, and it is dlifficult to see why
the police, Mrs. Wendice, and her
lover do not suspect him immedi-
ately of some foul crime or other.
Margot Wendice, almost her
husband's victim, is portrayed by
Constance Wilson, who appears
here for the first time. Miss Wil-
son's performance shows a good
deal more control than Mr. Mal-
pas', though she too has a ten-
dency to become overwrought too
quickly. She struggles less to ap-
pear natural and urbane, and the
quietness of her lines-sometimes
distressing-is at least a relief from
her husband's bombastic delivery.
* * *
HARRY BURKEY appears as
Max Halliday, the American de-
tective-story writer. This is Mr.
Burkey's best performance to date,
but once again his youth is against
him. The role asks for a certain
dash of courtliness which Mr.
Burkey is unable to give it, and his
more serious moments fall a little
short of his intentions.
Ed Bordo, who plays Police In-
spector Hubbard, shows the great-
est amount of promise for future
performances. He comes closest
to achieving the necessary polish,
and is fortunate in having the few
laugh lines in the play, for Mr.
Bordo's gift seems definitely to be
for comic roles.
* * *
RICHARD THIEDE is cast as
the hired assassin, a straight role
which Mr. Thiede carries off with
aplomb. His particular effective-
ness comes in the attempted mur-
der scene, and his death on stage
is excellently done.
Bob Maitland's setting is care-
fully done, but perhaps just a bit
too sombre for the fashionable
apartment it is supposed to repre-
sent. And even though the cast's
difficulty in moving about the
stage area seemed to come from
lack of familiarity with it, there is
certainly a good deal of furniture
put into a pretty small space.
Successful resistance to Com-
munism is possible on the basis
of a society which is either very
developed, or is untouched by
what is commonly called civiliza-
-U.S. News and World Report
By The Associated Press
THE stock market pushed firm-
ly and steadily higher yester-
day to make up about one-third
of the loss sustained in a heavy
decline the day before.
The climb began cautiously
with small increases soon after
the market opened. International
oils and steels led the way as
gains increased during the ses-
sion. Leaders trimmed their in-
creases slightly during late trad-
ing but many issues held to their
Brokers viewed the rebound
from Monday's selloff as the re-
sult of upward forces that have
pushed recent markets close to
the historic high. These were
generally given as the prevailing
high level of business and infla-
The Suez Canal crisis, which set
off Monday's decline, was appar-
ently being viewed more calmly.
The Associated Press average
of 60 stocks advanced 70 cents to
$189.50, with industrials up $1.20,
railsupt40 cents and utilities up
10 cents. The average increase
amounted to one-third of the $2.10
crop in 60-stock index Monday,
With 2,180,000 shares traded,
volume was close to the 2,280,000
On the American Stock Zx-
change prices were mixed with ad-
vances predominating. Volume
was 930,000 shares, compared with
The Daily Official Bulletin 1isas.
official publication of the University
of Michigan for Which the Michigan
Daily assumes no editorial responsi-
bility. Notices should be sent in
TYPEWRITTEN from the Room 3553
Administration Building before 2 p.m.
the day preceding publication.
WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 8, 1956
VOL. LXVIII, NO. 316
Faculty Fulbright Applicants. A rep-
resentative of the Conference Board
of Associated Research Councils of
Washington, D. C. will be in Ann Ar-
bor on Wed, and Thurs. Aug. 8 and
9, to confer with applicants fo teach-
ing and advanced research in foreign
universities. Anyone wishing an inter-
view should call the Graduate School,
Additional ushers are urgently needed
for the Pearl Primus Concert Thurs,,
Aug. 9 at Hill Auditorium. Please re
port to the east door of Hill Auditor-
tumn at 7:30 p.m. on Thurs, Aug. 9.
see Mr. Warner at the door.
Patterns of American Culture: Con-
tributions or the. Negro.. Langton
Hughes, poet, reading from his poems,
with commentary. 4:15 p.m., Wed., Aug.
a, Rackham Lecture Hall.
Prof. Bernard Lewis of the Schoi
of Oriental and African Studies, Uni-
versity of London will speak on "Th
Muslim Discovery of Europe" Thurs.,
Aug. 9, 4:15 p.m. Aud. B. Angell Hall,
sponsored by the Depts of History and
Near Eastern Studies. Open to the
Aug. 9, by Sidney Giles, Assistant Uni-
versity Carillonneur, and students Julia
Hollyer and Beverly Brehm. Five Rhap-
sodies for Two Carillonneurs, composed
by Percival Price, University Carillon-
Law School Admission Test: Candi-
dates taking the Law School Admission
Test on Aug. 11 are requested to re-
port to Room 100, Hutchins Hall at
8:45 Sat. morning.
Admission Test for Graduate Study
in Business: Candidates taking the Ad-
mission Test for Graduate Study in
Business on Aug. 18 are requested to
report to Room 140, Business Adminis-
tration at 8:45 a.m. Sat., Aug. 18, 1956.
La Sociedad Hispanica of the Depart-
ment of Romance Languages weekly
meeting Wed., Aug. 8, at 7:45 p.m. in
the Assembly Hall, Rackham Bldg. Prof.
Dwight Bolinger of the University of
Southern California will speak in Eng-
lish on "The visual Side of Language."
This lecture, of special interest to
teachers and students of languages in
general, is open to the public.
Doctoral Examination for Harold
Junior Nichols, Education; thesis: "The
effect of Rapid Weight Loss on Be-
lected Physiologic Responses of Wrest-
lers," Wed., Aug. 8, East Council Room,
RackhamABuilding, at 8:00 a.m. Chair-
man, P. A. Hinsicker.
Doctoral Examination for Darrell V.
REPORT FROM NORTH AFRICA:
lour guiba A Symbol of Tunisian Nationalism
By J. M. ROBERTS
Associated Press News Analyst
DESPITE THE Franco-British marching and
counter-marching, the odds still seem to be
against a war over the Suez Canal.
The basis for negotiation of the dispute
seem to be broadening rather than narrowing.
Things are hanging in the air while the
proposed international conference is awaited.
Certainly the Allies will make no move until
after that, unless Nasser blows his top again,
which is ,unlikely, and actually tries to block
An Egyptian appeal to the United Nations
would also serve to keep the situation on ice
during discussions. Such an appeal, however,
would open the door to public discussion of
whether it was not really Nasser who first
threatened the peace with his secretly prepared
nationalization of the canal company without
any previous negotiations.
EVEN if the negotiations fail, who is going
to fight? Nasser can't carry on a war with
two major powers in the accepted sense.
In event they re-occupied the canal zone,y
he could carry on guerrilla operations as he did
LEE MARKS, Managing Editor
Richard Halloran, Donna Hanson,
MarvAnn Thomas. Adeplaide ilevi~,
Before Britain and France could actually go
that far they would have to feel assured that
they could get away with it without setting off
a world-threatening chain reaction. In any sort
of real war the canal would soon be blocked,
leaving them fighting for nothing.
On the other hand, Nasser must realize that
the two powers have the means to disrupt
Egypt's economy and promote the overthrow
of his government without using the last-
ditch instruments which are now being mobil-
He must realize by now that he cannot get
away without some sort of internationalization.
The canal's place as an international facility is
too firmly fixed.
THE NECESSITY of preventing Nasser from
starting a chain reaction of nationalization
throughout the Middle East is too apparent.
The question, then, is how to mobilize suffi-
cient world opinion instead of troops.
And how to give Nasser an out.
N eN Books at the Library
Cassini, Countess Marguerite-Never a dull
moment, the memoirs of Countess M. Cassini;
N. Y., Harper, 1956.
Chute, B. J.-Greenwillow, N. Y., Dutton,
Cohn, David L.-The Fabulous Democrats;
N. Y., Putnam, 1956.
Crane, Burton-Getting apd Spending: An
informal Guide to National Economices; N. Y.,
Harcourt, Brace, 1956.
Cutolo, Salvatore B. and others-Bellevue is
my Home; N. Y., Doubleday, 1956.
By CRAWFORD YOUNG
Editor's Note: Crawford Young was
managing editor of The Daily in 1952-
'53. He recently attended the Inter-
national Student Press Conference in
Tunis as a representative of the U.S.
National Students Association.)
TUNIS - Tunisia today rides
the crest of a wave of national
enthusiasm over her newly-won
Under the leadership of pro-
gressive but, reasonable men, the
country is full of hope. Their
viewpoint is moderate, ambitions
realistic - and they are utilizing
to the utmost the extraordinary
spirit of national unity and ener-
gies released by the final success
of the struggle for independence.
Tunisia's most important re-
source, which sets her apart from
the other remnants of the French
North African empire, is Habib
Bourguiba, leader of the Neo-Des-
tour Party and Prime Minister. In
Bourguiba, Tunisians have a sym-
bol of all their aspirations, a lead-
er with unqualified and unques-
tioned popular support.
He was educated in France,
spent years in jail for his revo-
lutionary activity, and in the end
called upon Premier Mendes-
France in 1954 when France was
at last prepared to concede that
the "protectorate" was no longer a
viable form of administration.
BOURGUIBA'S importance to
the nation is perhaps illustrated
by the fact that in addition to
serving as Prime Minister, he
holds the portfolios of the Foreign
Ministry and Defense Ministry. He
keeps to a ruthless schedule of
public appearances,' having
pledged himself to a weekly "fire-
side chat" to the Tunisian people,
visiting a different town or vil-
lage each time.
That the French did many good
things in material development
few would dispute. But their mis-
take was, the Tunisians insist,
that they forgot the common man.
It is precisely-this man, trudg-
ing barefoot along the excellent
road system, that Bourguiba is de-
termined to keep in contact with.
Bourguiba has promised to give
him-food and liberty - and asks
him to help in the struggle.
A typical example of the way
the Tunisian government seeks to
involve the peasant in the coop-
erative task is an immense school
construction program. The vil-
lagers desperately want education
for their children, but there are
no facilities and not sufficient
government funds for a large con-
Instead, the government offers
to make available the basic ma-
terials to build a simple school
building, provided that the villag-
ers themselves construct it on a
or permanent legislature existing
in Tunisia. A provisional assembly
was elected in March, and presu-
mably will produce some sort of
constitution in the near future;
Tunisian officials hope to have a
regular parliament in being by the
end of this year or next at the
Opposition is virtually non-
existent. There is still in existence
the remnants of the Destour party
with which 'Bourguiba split on
the question of tactics in dealing
with the French. Bourguiba's
wing advocated a moderate, step-
by-step approach, while the Des-
tour, led by Ben Youssef, de-
manded from the outset imme-
There also exists a small group
of Communists, but not in any
To some visitors, the adulation
of Bourguiba seemed to reach
dangerous proportions. Some of
the political songs took the form
of a catechism - the vocalist
would ask "who gave us our li-
berty?" "who led the struggle for
independence," and similar ques-
tions, and the audience would
chant back a frenzied "Bourgui-
ba". His picture adorns most
rooms. There is a reverence which
might well become unhealthy if
it becomes a habit, or affixes itself
to one less dedicated to democracy
than Bourguiba seems to be.
have no illusions about develop-
ing any heavy industry, but hope
to be able to construct some me-
dium industries producing for
themselves and other North Afri-
Tunisia's leaders have deliber-
ately tried to remove the anti-
French feeling which attended the
struggle for independence. They
hope to preserve a close cultural,
economic, and political affiliation
with the French, now that the
French have conceded the prin-
ciple of national sovereignty.
However, the Algerian war
threatens to undermine the efforts
of the leaders. From top to bot-
tom Tunisia fervently believes the
Algerians are their "brothers,"
that the revolution is just, and
that the French must come to
To the argument that "there is
no one with whom to negotiate",
they reply that the leaders of the
National Liberation Front, with
no shadow of a doubt, is directing
the fight from Cairo, and that
these are the legitimate Algerian
authorities with whom the French
must come to terms.
* * *
TUNISIA needs outside econom-
ic assistance, and undoubtedly be
approaching the United States for
some in the near future. Many ob-
servers here feel that money could
be particularly profitably invested