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August 07, 1956 - Image 2

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Michigan Daily, 1956-08-07

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Sixty-Sixth Year

Where The Water Is Hot


'When Opinions Are Free,
Trutb Will Prevsll


Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers or
the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.

.. L

Inj ustice Accorded
Sergeant McKeon

rE SENTENCE Staff Sergeant Matthew C.
McKeon received from a Marine court-
martial last week was unjust and unwarranted
in severity.
Sergeant McKeon was convicted of negligent
homicide. This means that due to Sergeant
McKeon's error in judgement in taking Platoon
71 on its tragic march on April 8, six men lost
their lives. The maximum sentence the ser-
geant could have been handed was three years'
at hard labor and a dishonorable discharge.
He got nine months and a bad conduct dis-
If Sergeant McKeon is to be judged solely
by the consequences of his actions, then the
penalty is a fair one and deserved. That is the
letter of the law. But the law is more than
letters, it is spirit. Under the spirit of the law,
Sergeant McKeon was done an injustice.
IF SERGEANT McKEON is guilty of negli-
gence, no less so is the Marine Corps itself.
The sergeant, in taking the platoon on the
night march to the swamps, did nothing more
than follow a time-tested training tradition.
He testified that he himself had been on
several during his own training. Hundreds of
others stood ready to testify to the same thing.
The Marine Corps knew that this and similar
rigorous techniques were being used and con-
doned them in an unwritten law.
The Marine Corps is thus a party to the
crime. But the Marine Corps is not being
punished for its negligence. It has been allowed

to rectify its mistakes and to tighten its lines.
Sergeant McKeon will bear the brunt of the
punishment, both physical and psychological.
Both the Marine Corps and Sergeant McKeon
were found guilty of negligence. But only
Sergeant McKeon will be punished. The Marine
Corps, in discharging Sergeant McKeon, has
turned its back on him and refused to stand
with him before the bar of public opinion.
Herein lies the injustice to Sergeant McKeon.
CONSIDER THE EFFECT of the discharge on
Sergeant McKeon, a professional soldier.
He has been barred from following his chosen
career in the service of the United States.
There is good reason to believe that Sergeant
McKeon's error in judgment was not serious
enough to warrant this severe penalty. In the
light of his training, experience, environment
and the tradition in which he operated, Ser-
geant McKeon was ,performing his duty in
line with standard operating procedure. His
deviation from the norm was slight but his
punishment is not in accordance with it,
That he should be penalized for such devia-
tion cannot be questioned. But the sentence, as
it now stands, is far more severe than the spirit
of justice demands.
Even if modified by higher authority, the in-
justice accorded Staff Sergeant McKeon last
week will long remain a blot on the once-proud
record of the United States Marines.

L v '
" I I "" . \ V
, y

'The Birds and Bees'
Must for Gobel Fans
FOR THOSE N ho like George Gobel, "The Birds and the Bees" at
the Michigan is a must.
On the other hand, if a half an hour of the little friend on TV
is too much for you, an hour and a half. even with technicolor, vista-
vision and hot buttered popcorn is just three times as bad.
The story line is simple, in the typical technicolor sort of way.
George plays George Gobel, slightly disguised as -IHotsy" Hamilton,
the heir to the Hamilton Hot Dog Millions. Hotsy, along with his
ex-truck driver valet is returning from a three year stint in the midst
of darkest Africa where "the women use perfume made out of crocodile
tails," when they fall into the clutches of a pair of professional card
sharks, ably played by David Niven and Mitzi Gaynor.
In the process of trying to take George to the cleaners Mitzi
falls for his sweet lovable bumblings and his ability to carrom off the
waiters, and puts the pressure on her father to keep away from the
Hamilton millions, via the card route at least.
* *~ * *
AFTER A proposal worthy of the best horse opera, bashful George
and Mitzi do one of the least affected dance scenes that has slipped

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Copyright, 2956, The Pulitzer Publishing Co..
St. Louis Post-Dispatch
(Herblock Is on Vacation)

Conyflict of Interest Revealed

into a movie in a long time. It fits
into the picture well and Nick
Castle, who did the choreography
deserves a medal for it.
The story continues, with some
interference from the valet, to a
happy ending. George wins Mitzi,
Mitzi wins George and we assume
that Emma, the rare snake George
brought back from Africa) gets a
good home in the Bronx zoo.
On the other end of the twin
bill is "The Leather Saint" 'one
of those low budget, sleepers that
Hollywood puts out by accident
every now and then. The story of
a priest who has become a prize
fighter to earn money for a hos-
pitalfor children, it has more
life and worth than most of the
high budget extravaganzas which
are foisted onto the movie-going
public. Paul Douglas is the only
major star in the show but John
Derek and the rest of the cast do
a more creditable job.
* * *
ALL IN ALL, the present pro-
gram at the Michigan offers a
happy and heartwarming way to
spend an evening. The only gripe
from this corner-Mitiz Gaynor
did a good job but we still like
pretty Peggy King. Also why
didn't they just let George play
George Gobel?
-Ken Johnson
Stock Market
Shows Drop
By The Associated Press
THE stock market took its worst
drop Monday since June 8 on
news of mounting tensions be-
tween Britain and Egypt over the
Suez Canal seizure.
The decline began in early trad-
ing with substantial losses for oil
shares with big Middle East in-
terests. All sections of the market
followed in a broad shift to lower
At mid-day there was some im-
provement, but later selling left
most issues tt or near their lows
when the market closed.
The decline represented an es-
timated loss of approximately 2'2
billion dollars in the quoted value
of stocks listed on the New York
Stock Exchange.

Northern Negro Vote Backs Adlai

RECENTLY, the Gallup Poll conducted a
survey to assess the political leanings of
Northern Negroes. This poll is timely in that
the Negro vote and civil rights platforms are
now up for consideration by both major politi-
cal conventions.
Perhaps the most striking fact is that of the
cross section polled, voters definitely leaned
toward Adlai Stevenson for President. Pre-
viously, many people were assuming that Ste-
venson, a moderate on matters of civil rights,
would be overshadowed by both Eisenhower
and Kefauver. It had been thought that of
the Democrats, the definitely more liberal
Kefauver - who was also the favored candi.
date of the NAACP - would give the Demo-
cratic party a slight advantage in the North
by appealing to the Negro vote.
Another interesting item is that President
Eisenhower's personal magnetism has evidently
been declining among the Negro voters. In
1952, Eisenhower drew 34% of the Negro vote.
Today, only 21% claim that Eisenhower would
be their chioice. If Northern industrial laborers
vote with the Negro laborer, Eisenhower may
have trouble winning in some of the industrial
IT' MIGHT be mentioned here that the over-
whelming majority of those polled indicated
that a vote for Eisenhower was a vote for the
man, not an indorsement of the Republican
party. The Northern Negro is still a solid


Democrat. Most Negroes seem to indicate that
the GOP will have to offer more than Presi-
dent Eisenhower before they will change their
Besides indicating that the Negro is a solid
Democrat, this poll also reveals something
rather disconcerting. It may indicate that the
Negro voter is not yet aware of events in the
political arena.
It has been shown that the Negro is support-
ing the least liberal candidate by more than
twice the combined totals for all liberals. This
can only be interpreted in one of two ways.
Either the Negro favors moderate and painless
integration, or he is only familiar with politi-
cal parties in general and personalities in
IT IS doubtful that people who actively sup-
port the Boycott in Montgomery, Alabama
are the same people who intentionally advocate
a policy of painless integration. Thus, Steven-
son's unprecedented strength among Negro
voters may best be explained by the push of
Democratic loyalties and a lack of concern
with specific policies involved.
And so, they choose Adlai Stevenson, who in
their minds represents the stronghold of the
Democratic Party, not Kefauver, whose poli-
cies are more in line with those the Negro
seems to prefer.

JIMMY Roosevelt of California,
whose work as a Congressman
has been more effective than his
work as a husband, has smelled
a new conflict-of-interest case in-
side the Ike Administration. Con-
flicts of interest have been one of
Ike's betes noires, and this one
involves the biggest monopoly in
th nation - American Telephone
and Telegraph.r
Roosevelt has dug out the fact
that a total of 29 American Tel
and Tel employees or retired em-
ployees are either employed or
have been employed inside the
Eisenhower Administration, and
that they influenced the Justice
Department in settling an anti-
trust case against their own com-
This case, one of the most im-
portant brought under Truman,
showed an inside deal between a
T and T and its wholly owned
subsidiary, Western Electric, to
freee out other electronics manu-
However, after the antitrust divi-

sion had spent several years pre-
paring for a showdown trial, At-
torney General Brownell negoti-
ated a face-saving consent decree
permitting the telephone company
and its wholly owned subsidiary,
Western Electric, to continue their
monopoly relationship. They were
not divorced.
* * *
CONGRESSMAN Roosevelt now
contends that this consent decree
was an inside job, similar to the
placing of Adolphe Wenzell inside
the government on the Dixon-
Yates case.
The Justice Department has now
publicly admitted that the Dixon-
Yates-Wenzell case-was a conflict
of interest; but it took two years
to make Brownell admit this. For
months, the fact that Wenzell had
been working inside the Budget
Bureau was carefully hushed up.
Attempts by Congress to subpoena
information about him were re-
fused. Inquiries by this column at
the Budget Bureau and the White
House were rebuffed.

So far, Brownell has rebuffed
both Jimmy Roosevelt and Cong.
Emanuel Celler of New York re-
garding A T & T. When Celler
wrote him asking for data regard-
ing the A T & T consent decree,
Brownell didn't even bother to
reply. Instead, his hatchet-man,
William P. Rogers, replied: "This
department cannot grant your re-
quest to examine our files relating
to the decree in U.S. vs. American
Telephone and Telegraph Co., et
Celler wrote back:
"It is strange indeed that the
Attorney General would cavalierly
deny a request of an appropriate
committee of Congress, while at
the same time the White House
freely supplies confidential infor-
mation to a journalist who is
neither elected nor appointed to
He referred to the Cabinet meet-
ing minutes and other White
House files given Robert Donovan
of the New York Herald Tribune.
(Copyright 1956, by Bell Syndicate, Inc.)

The Daily Official Bulletin Is an
official publication of the University
of Michigan for which the Michigan
Daily assumes no editorial responsi-
bility. Notices should be sent in
TYPEWRITTEN from the Room 3553
Administration Building before 2 p.m.
the day preceding publication,
VOL. LXvIII, NO. 305
The Soviets in World Afairs, aus-
pices of the Inter-Departmental Semi-
nar in Russian Studies. "Soviet Foreign
Policy in the Near East." Dr. John C.
Campbell, director of political studies,
Council on Foreign Relations, 8:00 pmn
Tues.Aug. 7, West Conference Rooup
Music for Living Lecture, 3:00p.m.
today in Auditorium A, Angell Hall, by
Hazel B. Morgan, Northwestern Uni-
versity, entitled "Where Should Ve Be
Going in Junior High Music?" Open
to the general public.
Events Today
Second Summer Square Dance spon-
sored by the Office of the Summer
Session and the Departments of Pay-
sical Education for:Men and women.
Tues Aug. 7 at 8:15 p.m. on Palmer
Field or waterman Gym in case of
rain. Four guest callers: Al Hards and
vern Smith from Dearborn, Mr. and
Mrs. Brennan from Detroit, and Mr.
and Mrs. Hofmeyer from Ann Arbor,
Academic Notices
August Teacher's Certificate Candi-
dates: The teacher's oath will be ad-
ministered to all August candidates
for the' Teacher's Certificate during
the weeks of August 6th and lth in
1437 U.E,S. The office will be open from
8 to 12 and 1:30 to 4:30. The teacher's
math Is a requirement for the teacher's
Classical Studies Tea: The Depart-
ment of Classical Studies will give an
informal tea for its students on Tues.,
Aug. 7, in the East Conference Room
of the Rackham Building, at 4 p.m.
Anyone Interested in the Classics is In-
Mathematics Colloquium: Tues., Aug.
7 at 4:10 p.m. in Room 3010 A. H. Prof.
Richard Brauer, ofuHarvard Universty,
will speak on "Groups of Even Order,"
Tea and coffee served at 3:45 in 3212
La Sociedad Hispanica of the Depart'
ment of Romance Languages week?
meeting Wed., Aug. 8, at 7:45 p.m. in
the Assembly Hall, Rackham Bldg. Prof.
Dwight Bolinger of the University of
Southern California will speak in Eng-
lish on "The visual Side of Language."
This lecture, of special Interest to
teachers and students of languages in
general, is open to the public.
Doctoral Examination for Basil Spy-
ros Georgopolous, Social Psychology;
thesis: " The Normative Structure of
Social systems: A study of Organiz-
7. 7611 Haven Hall, at 3:00 p.m. Chair-
man T. M. Newcomb.
Doctoral Examination for Darrell V.
Burras, Education; thesis: "The Busi-
ness Teacher's First Year or xperence
A Case Study", Wed., Aug. 8, 3019 Uni-
versity High School, at 2:00 p.m. Chair-
man, J. M. Trytten.
Doctoral Examination for Harold
Junior Nichols, Education; thesis: "The
effect of Rapid Weight Loss on Se-
lected Physiologic Responses of Wrest.
lers," Wed., Aug. 8, East Council Room,
Rackham Building, at 8:00 a.m. Chair-
man P. A. Hunsicker.
Placement Notices
Western Electric Co., Detroit, Mich.,
offers opportunities to graduate Elect.
and Mech. Engrs. in the fields of Re-
pair Methods Specifications,CEngineer-
ing Assistance to Shops, Control of
Quality of Shop Repair, Plant Layout,
Service Systems Engineering, and
Equipment Development.
The National Aluminate Corp., Chi.
cago, Ill., has openings for Chemists,
Chem and Mech. Engrs. and men for
An Ann Arbor Firm desires a man
interested in learning the wholesale
roofing and siding business to work
as bookkeeper.
Reader's Digest, Pleasantville, N.Y.,
needs a Reading Consultant for ape.
:ial communities and Salesman for the
Iowa, nd., Minn., and Ky. area.

For further information contact the
Bureau of Appointments, 3528 Admin.
Bldg., ext. 371.




An Arab Asks: Might We Profit from History?


Effect of McKeon.Sentence

Associated Press News Analyst
T HE argument over the trial and sentence of
S. Sgt. Matthew McKeon is going to last
for a long time, but not as long as will its
effect on the Marine Corps.
The Jail sentence and bad conduct discharge
came as a surprise to almost everyone who
had followed the trial.
From the highest officers to the rawest re-
cruits, McKeon seems to have the sympathy
of a great majority of the corps.
He had done something many others had
done. This time it urned out tragically, and
six men died. But since the court had ruled
he was not drunk and was not malicious, mere-
ly negligent, he had been expected to receive
a punishment which could be expiated,
THEE'S nothing expiable about a bad con-
duct discharge for a career Marine. It is a
Editorial Staff
LEE MARKS, Managing Editor
Night Editors
Richard Halloran, Donna Hanson,
Mary Ann Thomas, Adelaide Wiley

high an dwide roadblock across the path of his
whole life.
Whether or not the full weight of the sen-
tence is left on McKeon after all the reviews
and appeals are over, the action of the court-
martial henceforth will burn like a red light
before the eyes of every drill instructor in the
American military forces.
In the corps itself it may result in ' drastic
change in the whole approach to the training
of recruits, which heretofore has been in the
hands of the sergeants. More direct super-
vision will now come from the officers.
There may be a compromise between soft
and tough training all up and down the line.
NOT A few men have died in all branches of
the services under the realistic practices
emphasized in training since the last war.
Military men are almost entirely agreed that
the overall result, however, pays heavy did-
dends on the battlefield. Experience in the
noise of battle, bodily efficiency, automatic re-
sponse to orders which is produced only
through implacable disciplining - these are
the life preservers of war.
Marine training practices have been des-
cribed time after time for years as "pure hell"
for the recruit. It's not merely a physical
thing, but a psychological thing. A Marine re-
cruit has to work his way into the corps
through all of the dirty guff his seniors can

(Ed. Note: The author of the following
is an Arab student from Jordan.)
IN AN attempt to describe histo-
rical events, many of us fall
short of describing their signifi-
cance in connection with the total
development of man. It would
seem that to describe an event in
the light of what it will do to a
certain specific group, without
paying attention to what it will do
to the masses of people and to the
totality of man, we are simply
looking through a selfish glass
where greed, fear, and conceit
stand as obstacles preventing us
from considering others.
Might it profit us to look at
historical events with open mind-
edness, adequate understanding,
and with objectivity as much as
it is humanly possible?
During the last few decades we
have come to see that Asiatic
peoples and Africans are deter-
mined to regain their selfhood,
to pursue self-improvement, to be-
come themselves. And it is only
natural to see such peoples active-
ly engaged in accelerating the
coming of the day in which they
become the leaders and the mast-
ers of their land.
Such a blessed phenomenon
which reflects man's quest for
finding himself and which affirms
the natural right for self-deter-
mination, must not be viewed
with a black outlook, suspicion,
jealousy, and hatred, but rather
we must see in its natural course a
wide step toward the affirmation
of the dignity of man. For who
cannot see that liberty is better
than slavery, light better than

minimized, nor can they be put
aside for the time because of the
interest and pressure of certain
groups of people. Again and again,
history has shown that whenever
people of any land, of any color or
race, are determined to achieve
their independence and rights,
they have achieved them, though
in many instances, sadly enough,
through violence, fighting, and
blood shed.
This determination to throw
away the yoke of imperialism and
exploitation, has no danger in it,
the only danger lying in the souls
of those who are willingly working
to prevent people from getting
their liberty.
* * *
IT IS SAID that those people
who are trying to achieve their in-
dependence are not ready enough,
and that the colonial powers exer-
cise a temporary stage during
which they prepare those people
to leadership. To some extent
there is a little truth in this. The
falacy, in this argument, however,
can be clearly seen when we seek
a true answer in terms of how
much have the colonial powers
genuinely engaged themselves in
developing those people?
One can say that there is scar-
city in the program of the colonial
powers to do so. In many instances
the good that we see in the rela-
tionship of the colonial powers
and the colonized people is only
a by-product, so trivial when com-
pared to what could have been
done if there had been genuine in-
terest in developing those people.
It is no exaggeration to say that
if the American people were still
under the yoke of the British and

centuries dominated by foreign
powers, poverty stricken, with a
high percentag of illiteracy, a
high rate of mortality, where
feudalism overshadows the coun-
try and little opportunity for the
masses exists.
In the last few years we have
seen a movement under the lead-
ership of Gamal Abdel Nasser de-
termined to do away with the ills
of Egypt and to secure a better
life for the Arab.
* * *
IF THE objectives of Gamal
were to eliminate poverty and ig-
norance, to dispel from prejudlice
and discriminataion, to afirm the
dignity of man, and to lift up
the Arabs from under the yolk of
exploitation to a nation where it
regains its place, participating ef-
fectively in the world and contri-
butes to peace and the welfare of
man, then it is of no surprise if
all the Arab people have ap-
plauded him and his objectives.
Truly the whole world must ap-
plaud men who are dedicated to
such causes.
It is said that Nasser is neutral.
So what? Is it not true that the
neutrality of Nehru of India is
contributing to peace? So any ex-
isting neutrality in the present
tension may contribute to peace,
To declare friendship to all people
seems to be a positive policy for
peace and is in accord with some
of the best moral- messages that
man has ever received. A justifi-
cation for President Nasser's posi-
tion is imperative when we see
that he is opening the door for ne-
gotiation with any government so
far as no political or economical
ties which threaten his country

It is still more distressing to
say little about the method used,
and the negative response given
to help build the Aswan Dam,
when the outcome of such a nega-
tivity means delayance of decent
living to the common Egytian.
y To build the Aswan Dam means
to bring life to about twenty mil-
lion Arabs living in that area. It
means that the economic condi-
tions of those people are going
to improve, which means that they
can spend more to educate them-
selves, to live in better homes, and
to fight disease. This means that
the health of the Arab in Egypt
is going to improve and thereby
world conditions generally. Is
this a cause to be laid aside if we
are genuinely interested in the
development of the peoples of the
* * *
IN WRITING this article I have
been prompted by the best of mo-
tives, namely, first to present an
attitude whcih is today shared by
the Arab peoples. Then, during my
stay in the United States, I have
developed a liking, respect and
admiration for the American
people, whom I believe have good
intentions to other peoples. Thus,
I feel it is an obligation to pass on
to them such views and to call
upon their help to do whatever
they can to make the relations
between the American people and
the Arab people of a cooperative
and friendly nature, where mutual
understanding and help could
continue in the interest of both
It is my hope that the pressure



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